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Caveolin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747549/inhibitory-effect-of-caveolin-1-in-vascular-endothelial-cells-pericytes-and-smooth-muscle-cells
#1
Hongping Xu, Liwei Zhang, Wei Chen, Jiazhou Xu, Ruting Zhang, Ran Liu, Lan Zhou, Wenjie Hu, Rong Ju, Chunsik Lee, Weisi Lu, Anil Kumar, Xuri Li, Zhongshu Tang
Caveolin-1 (Cav1) is the principle structural protein of caveolae. It plays important roles in the vascular system under both physiological and pathological conditions. Although Cav1 has been shown to inhibit microvascular permeability and has been considered as a tumor-suppressor for years, the underlying cellular mechanism has yet to be discovered. Here, we systematically investigated Cav1 functions in the main types of vascular cells, including endothelial cells (ECs), pericytes (PCs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs)...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747506/hcv-induces-the-localization-of-lipid-rafts-to-autophagosomes-for-its-rna-replication
#2
Ja Yeon Kim, Linya Wang, Jiyoung Lee, Jing-Hsiung James Ou
Autophagy plays important roles in maintaining cellular homeostasis. It uses double- or multiple- membrane vesicles termed autophagosomes to remove protein aggregates and damaged organelles from the cytoplasm for recycling. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been shown to induce autophagy to enhance its own replication. Here we describe a procedure that combines membrane flotation and affinity chromatography for the purification of autophagosomes from cells that harbor a HCV subgenomic RNA replicon. The purified autophagosomes had double- or multiple- membrane structures with a diameter ranging from 200 nm to 600 nm...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743280/exosomes-derived-from-gemcitabine-resistant-cells-transfer-malignant-phenotypic-traits-via-delivery-of-mirna-222-3p
#3
Feng Wei, Chengyuan Ma, Tong Zhou, Xuechao Dong, Qinghua Luo, Li Geng, Lijuan Ding, Yandong Zhang, Li Zhang, Nan Li, Yang Li, Yan Liu
BACKGROUND: Although gemcitabine-based chemotherapy has been established as a core multimodal therapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment, its clinical efficacy remains limited by the development of acquired resistance following tumor metastasis and relapse. In this study, we investigated how gemcitabine-resistant (GR) cells contribute to the development of NSCLC tumor malignancy via exosome-mediated transfer of microRNAs. METHODS: We first studied the mechanism of exosome internalization via PKH-67 staining and an immunofluorescence assay, then confirmed our finding by transmission electron microscopy and western blot analysis...
July 25, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741517/filling-the-gap-on-caveolin-1-in-liver-carcinogenesis
#4
Manuel A Fernandez-Rojo, Grant A Ramm
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) has emerged as a promoter of proliferation, metastasis, and chemoresistance in hepatoma cells, as well as a marker of poor prognosis in liver cancer. We discuss here current knowledge and future approaches to elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying CAV1 action during hepatocarcinogenesis and evaluate its potential use in clinical therapies.
December 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735300/caveolin-1-expression-as-a-prognostic-marker-in-triple-negative-breast-cancers-of-asian-women
#5
Joe Yeong, Aye Aye Thike, Murasaki Ikeda, Jeffrey Chun Tatt Lim, Bernett Lee, Seigo Nakamura, Jabed Iqbal, Puay Hoon Tan
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are defined by their lack of oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor 2. Although heterogeneous, the majority are aggressive and treatment options are limited. Caveolin acts as tumour suppressor or promoter depending on the cancer type. AIM: In this study, we aimed to determine if the expression levels of the candidate biomarker caveolin-1 on stromal or tumour cells were associated with clinicopathological parameters and disease outcomes in TNBCs from an ethnically diverse cohort of Asian women...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734243/caveolin-1-related-autophagy-initiated-by-aldosterone-induced-oxidation-promotes-liver-sinusoidal-endothelial-cells-defenestration
#6
Xiaoying Luo, Dan Wang, Xuan Luo, Xintao Zhu, Guozhen Wang, Zuowei Ning, Yang Li, Xiaoxin Ma, Renqiang Yang, Siyi Jin, Yun Huang, Ying Meng, Xu Li
Aldosterone, with pro-oxidation and pro-autophagy capabilities, plays a key role in liver fibrosis. However, the mechanisms underlying aldosterone-promoted liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) defenestration remain unknown. Caveolin 1 (Cav1) displays close links with autophagy and fenestration. Hence, we aim to investigate the role of Cav1-related autophagy in LSECs defenestration. We found the increase of aldosterone/MR (mineralocorticoid receptor) level, oxidation, autophagy, and defenestration in LSECs in the human fibrotic liver, BDL or hyperaldosteronism models; while antagonizing aldosterone or inhibiting autophagy relieved LSECs defenestration in BDL-induced fibrosis or hyperaldosteronism models...
July 13, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729092/annexin-a2-modulated-proliferation-of-pulmonary-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells-depends-on-caveolae-and-caveolin-1-in-hepatopulmonary-syndrome
#7
Lin Liao, Binwu Zheng, Bin Yi, Chang Liu, Lin Chen, Ziyang Zeng, Jing Gao
We have established that annexin A2 (ANXA2) is an important factor in the experimental hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) serum-induced proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). However, the detailed mechanism remains unclear. ANXA2 translocated to the caveolin-enriched microdomains (caveolae) in PASMCs upon HPS serum stimulation. The disruption of caveolae by Methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD) alleviated the caveolae recruitment of ANXA2 and the ANXA2-mediated activation of ERK1/2 and NF-κB, so that ANXA2-modulated PASMC proliferation was suppressed...
July 17, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723669/multicomponent-analysis-of-the-tumour-microenvironment-reveals-low-cd8-t-cell-number-low-stromal-caveolin-1-and-high-tenascin-c-and-their-combination-as-significant-prognostic-markers-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
David Onion, Mark Isherwood, Naveen Shridhar, Mikalena Xenophontos, Madeleine L Craze, Laura J Day, María A García-Márquez, Robert G Pineda, Alexander M Reece-Smith, John H Saunders, John P Duffy, Richard H Argent
The complex interplay of the tumour microenvironment (TME) and its role in disease progression and response to therapy is poorly understood. The majority of studies to date focus on individual components or molecules within the TME and so lack the power correlative analysis. Here we have performed a multi-parameter analysis of the TME in 62 resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) specimens detailing number and location of immune infiltrate, assessing markers of cancer-associated fibroblasts, caveolin-1 and tenascin-C, and correlating with clinicopathological details, as well as markers of disease progression such as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710901/baseline-and-longitudinal-plasma-caveolin-1-level-as-a-biomarker-in-active-surveillance-for-early-stage-prostate-cancer
#9
Spyridon P Basourakos, John W Davis, Brian F Chapin, John F Ward, Curtis A Pettaway, Louis L Pisters, Neema Navai, Mary F Achim, Xuemei Wang, Hsiang-Chun Chen, Seungtaek Choi, Deborah Kuban, Patricia Troncoso, Sam Hanash, Timothy C Thompson, Jeri Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of caveolin-1 as a predictor of disease reclassification in men with early prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed archived plasma samples prospectively collected from men with early prostate cancer in a single-institution active surveillance study. Of 825 patients enrolled, 542 had 1 or more years of follow-up. Baseline and longitudinal plasma caveolin-1 levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
July 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699528/targeting-cd147-is-a-novel-strategy-for-antitumor-therapy
#10
ChengXiang Lian, Yeye Guo, Jianglin Zhang, Xiang Chen, Cong Peng
CD147 is a membrane protein belonging to immunoglobulin superfamily and expressed in the cell membrane, which is also named with an extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) because this molecule induces adjacent fibroblasts or tumor cells to produce MMPs, facilitating tumor cells migration and invasion. Accumulating evidences have shown that CD147 is over-expressed in various tumors, including melanoma, liver cancer, and lung cancer, and orchestrates tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis, multidrug resistance and glycolysis through critical molecules such as MMPs, MCTs, Caveolin-1, and VEGF...
July 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698382/phosphatidylserine-dictates-the-assembly-and-dynamics-of-caveolae-in-the-plasma-membrane
#11
Takashi Hirama, Raibatak Das, Yanbo Yang, Charles Ferguson, Amy Won, Christopher M Yip, Jason G Kay, Sergio Grinstein, Robert G Parton, Gregory D Fairn
Caveolae are bulb-shaped nanodomains of the plasma membrane that are enriched in cholesterol and sphingolipids. They have many physiological functions, including endocytic transport, mechanosensing, and regulation of membrane and lipid transport. Caveola formation relies on integral membrane proteins termed caveolins (CAVs) and the cavin family of peripheral proteins. Both protein families bind anionic phospholipids, but the precise roles of these lipids are unknown. Here, we studied the effects of phosphatidylserine (PtdSer), phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P), and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns4,5P2) on caveolar formation and dynamics...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697756/proteomic-characterization-of-paired-non-malignant-and-malignant-african-american-prostate-epithelial-cell-lines-distinguishes-them-by-structural-proteins
#12
Jennifer S Myers, Karin A Vallega, Jason White, Kaixian Yu, Clayton C Yates, Qing-Xiang Amy Sang
BACKGROUND: While many factors may contribute to the higher prostate cancer incidence and mortality experienced by African-American men compared to their counterparts, the contribution of tumor biology is underexplored due to inadequate availability of African-American patient-derived cell lines and specimens. Here, we characterize the proteomes of non-malignant RC-77 N/E and malignant RC-77 T/E prostate epithelial cell lines previously established from prostate specimens from the same African-American patient with early stage primary prostate cancer...
July 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687352/gemcitabine-enhances-the-transport-of-nanovector-albumin-bound-paclitaxel-in-gemcitabine-resistant-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#13
Carlotta Borsoi, Fransisca Leonard, Yeonju Lee, Mohamed Zaid, Dalia Elganainy, Jenolyn Francisca Alexander, Megumi Kai, Yan Ting Liu, Yaan Kang, Xuewu Liu, Eugene J Koay, Mauro Ferrari, Biana Godin, Kenji Yokoi
The mechanism for improved therapeutic efficacy of the combination therapy with nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nAb-PTX) and gemcitabine (gem) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has been ascribed to enhanced gem transport by nAb-PTX. Here, we used an orthotopic mouse model of gem-resistant human PDAC in which increasing gem transport would not improve the efficacy, thus revealing the importance of nAb-PTX transport. We aimed to evaluate therapeutic outcomes and transport of nAb-PTX to PDAC as a result of (1) encapsulating nAb-PTX in multistage nanovectors (MSV); (2) effect of gem on caveolin-1 expression...
July 4, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686680/resveratrol-ameliorates-diet-induced-dysregulation-of-lipid-metabolism-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#14
Gai Ran, Li Ying, Lin Li, Qiaoqiao Yan, Weijie Yi, Chenjiang Ying, Hongmei Wu, Xiaolei Ye
Defective lipid metabolism is associated with increased risk of various chronic diseases, such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and diabetes. Resveratrol (RSV), a natural polyphenol, has been shown the potential of ameliorating disregulations of lipid metabolism. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of feed intake and RSV on lipid metabolism in zebrafish (Danio rerio). The adult males were randomly allocated to 6 groups: control (Con, 8 mg cysts/fish/day), control with 20 μmol/L RSV (Con+RSV), calorie restriction (CR, 5 mg cysts/fish/day), calorie restriction with RSV (CR+RSV), overfeed (OF, 60 mg cysts/fish/day), and overfeed with RSV (OF+RSV) groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685122/nano-engineered-skin-mesenchymal-stem-cells-potential-vehicles-for-tumour-targeted-quantum-dot-delivery
#15
Liga Saulite, Dominyka Dapkute, Karlis Pleiko, Ineta Popena, Simona Steponkiene, Ricardas Rotomskis, Una Riekstina
Nanotechnology-based drug design offers new possibilities for the use of nanoparticles in imaging and targeted therapy of tumours. Due to their tumour-homing ability, nano-engineered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be utilized as vectors to deliver diagnostic and therapeutic nanoparticles into a tumour. In the present study, uptake and functional effects of carboxyl-coated quantum dots QD655 were studied in human skin MSCs. The effect of QD on MSCs was examined using a cell viability assay, Ki67 expression analysis, and tri-lineage differentiation assay...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684115/enhanced-expression-of-caveolin-1-possesses-diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-and-promotes-cell-migration-invasion-and-sunitinib-resistance-in-the-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#16
HaiLong Ruan, Xiang Li, HongMei Yang, ZhengShuai Song, JunWei Tong, Qi Cao, KeShan Wang, Wen Xiao, HaiBin Xiao, XuanYu Chen, GuangHua Xu, Lin Bao, ZhiYong Xiong, ChangFei Yuan, Lei Liu, Yan Qu, WenJun Hu, YaoYing Gao, ZeYuan Ru, Ke Chen, XiaoPing Zhang
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) has been identified to be up-regulated in many cancers, including clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). However, its potential function is still unclear in ccRCC. In this study, we demonstrated that CAV1 was frequently overexpressed in renal cell carcinoma tissues and cells, and was significantly associated with various clinicopathological parameters. In addition, high CAV1 expression was associated with poor disease-free survival (DFS) rate and could serve as a useful diagnostic indicator in ccRCC patients with different clinicopathological stages...
July 3, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676702/extracellular-matrix-promotes-clathrin-dependent-endocytosis-of-prolactin-and-stat5-activation-in-differentiating-mammary-epithelial-cells
#17
Rebecca E Bridgewater, Charles H Streuli, Patrick T Caswell
The hormone prolactin promotes lactational differentiation of mammary epithelial cells (MECs) via its cognate receptor and the downstream JAK2-STAT5a signalling pathway. In turn this regulates transcription of milk protein genes. Prolactin signalling depends on a cross-talk with basement membrane extracellular matrix (ECM) via β1 integrins which activate both ILK and Rac1 and are required for STAT5a activation and lactational differentiation. Endocytosis is an important regulator of signalling. It can both enhance and suppress cytokine signalling, although the role of endocytosis for prolactin signalling is not known...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661905/genetics-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-the-clinic
#18
Barbara Girerd, Edmund Lau, David Montani, Marc Humbert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an autosomal dominant disease with incomplete penetrance because of mutations in bone morphogenetic protein receptor-II (BMPR2), activin A receptor type II-like kinase 1, endoglin, caveolin-1, potassium channel subfamily K, member 3, and T-box gene 4 genes. Heritable pulmonary veno-occlusive disease and/or pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis (PVOD/PCH) is an autosomal recessive disease because of biallelic mutations in the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 4 gene...
June 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655698/traumatic-brain-injury-research-and-expression-of-caveolin-1-and-its-relationship-with-disease-prognosis
#19
Xiangdong Wang, Xinliang Ren, Yanhong Wang, Jianhong Li, Tiezhu Guo, Fan Li, Zhiqiang Zhao
The objective of this paper is to study the expression of caveolin-1 in the traumatic brain injury patients and its relationship with disease prognosis. Caveolin-1 was measured in 52 patients with ventricular hemorrhage within 8h, 24h, 48h, 72h and 1 week after onset by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), to observe the changes of cerebrospinal fluid caveolin-1. The level of caveolin-1 in the brain of all patients was higher than that of the control group at 8 h, 24h, 48 h, 72h and 1 weeks after the onset (P<0...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655199/proteins-involved-in-endocytosis-are-upregulated-by-ageing-in-the-normal-human-brain-implications-for-the-development-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Mouhamed Alsaqati, Rhian S Thomas, Emma J Kidd
The greatest risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is advanced age, but the reason for this association remains unclear. Amyloid-beta (Aβ) is produced from amyloid precursor protein (APP) primarily after APP is internalised by clathrin-mediated or clathrin-independent endocytosis. Changes in endocytosis in AD have been identified. We hypothesised that endocytic protein expression is altered during ageing, thus influencing the likelihood of developing AD by increasing Aβ production. We explored how levels of endocytic proteins, APP, its metabolites, secretase enzymes and tau varied with age in cortical brain samples from men of three age ranges (young (20-30), middle-aged (45-55) and old (70-90)) with no symptoms of dementia...
June 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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