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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445864/tumor-antigen-glycosaminoglycan-modification-regulates-antibody-drug-conjugate-delivery-and-cytotoxicity
#1
Helena C Christianson, Julien A Menard, Vineesh Indira Chandran, Erika Bourseau-Guilmain, Dmitry Shevela, Jon Lidfeldt, Ann-Sofie Månsson, Silvia Pastorekova, Johannes Messinger, Mattias Belting
Aggressive cancers are characterized by hypoxia, which is a key driver of tumor development and treatment resistance. Proteins specifically expressed in the hypoxic tumor microenvironment thus represent interesting candidates for targeted drug delivery strategies. Carbonic anhydrase (CAIX) has been identified as an attractive treatment target as it is highly hypoxia specific and expressed at the cell-surface to promote cancer cell aggressiveness. Here, we find that cancer cell internalization of CAIX is negatively regulated by post-translational modification with chondroitin or heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycan chains...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441759/synaptic-homeostasis-and-its-immunological-disturbance-in-neuromuscular-junction-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Masaharu Takamori
In the neuromuscular junction, postsynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) clustering, trans-synaptic communication and synaptic stabilization are modulated by the molecular mechanisms underlying synaptic plasticity. The synaptic functions are based presynaptically on the active zone architecture, synaptic vesicle proteins, Ca(2+) channels and synaptic vesicle recycling. Postsynaptically, they are based on rapsyn-anchored nAChR clusters, localized sensitivity to ACh, and synaptic stabilization via linkage to the extracellular matrix so as to be precisely opposed to the nerve terminal...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440485/sclareol-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-sensitizes-cells-to-the-antiproliferative-effect-of-bortezomib-via-upregulating-the-tumor-suppressor-caveolin-1-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#3
Ting Zhang, Ting Wang, Peiling Cai
The anticancer effect of sclareol has long been reported, however, the exact mechanisms underlying the antitumorigenic effect of sclareol in cervical carcinoma remain to be fully elucidated. The present study analyzed cell proliferation and cell apoptosis by MTT and FITC‑Annexin V assays. The protein levels of caveolin‑1 (Cav‑1) and copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD)1 were determined by western blotting, and the interaction of Cav1 and HSC70 was investigated by co‑immunoprecipitation experiments...
April 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439009/estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-a-regulator-of-androgen-receptor-signaling-in-the-mouse-ventral-prostate
#4
Wan-Fu Wu, Laure Maneix, Jose Insunza, Ivan Nalvarte, Per Antonson, Juha Kere, Nancy Yiu-Lin Yu, Virpi Tohonen, Shintaro Katayama, Elisabet Einarsdottir, Kaarel Krjutskov, Yu-Bing Dai, Bo Huang, Wen Su, Margaret Warner, Jan-Åke Gustafsson
As estrogen receptor β(-/-) (ERβ(-/-)) mice age, the ventral prostate (VP) develops increased numbers of hyperplastic, fibroplastic lesions and inflammatory cells. To identify genes involved in these changes, we used RNA sequencing and immunohistochemistry to compare gene expression profiles in the VP of young (2-mo-old) and aging (18-mo-old) ERβ(-/-) mice and their WT littermates. We also treated young and old WT mice with an ERβ-selective agonist and evaluated protein expression. The most significant findings were that ERβ down-regulates androgen receptor (AR) signaling and up-regulates the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)...
April 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424577/investigation-of-endocytic-pathways-for-the-internalization-of-exosome-associated-oligomeric-alpha-synuclein
#5
Marion Delenclos, Teodora Trendafilova, Divya Mahesh, Ann M Baine, Simon Moussaud, Irene K Yan, Tushar Patel, Pamela J McLean
Misfolding and aggregation of alpha-synuclein (αsyn) resulting in cytotoxicity is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD) and related synucleinopathies. The recent body of evidence indicates that αsyn can be released from neuronal cells by nonconventional exocytosis involving extracellular vesicles (EVs) such as exosomes. The transfer of αsyn between cells has been proposed to be an important mechanism of disease propagation in PD. To date, exosome trafficking mechanisms, including release and cell-cell transmission, have not been fully described...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420992/deficient-adipogenesis-of-scleroderma-patient-and-healthy-african-american-monocytes
#6
Rebecca Lee, Charles Reese, Gustavo Carmen-Lopez, Beth Perry, Michael Bonner, Marina Zemskova, Carole L Wilson, Kristi L Helke, Richard M Silver, Stanley Hoffman, Elena Tourkina
Monocytes from systemic sclerosis (SSc, scleroderma) patients and healthy African Americans (AA) are deficient in the regulatory protein caveolin-1 leading to enhanced migration toward chemokines and fibrogenic differentiation. While dermal fibrosis is the hallmark of SSc, loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue is a lesser-known feature. To better understand the etiology of SSc and the predisposition of AA to SSc, we studied the adipogenic potential of SSc and healthy AA monocytes. The ability of SSc and healthy AA monocytes to differentiate into adipocyte-like cells (ALC) is inhibited compared to healthy Caucasian (C) monocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420984/potential-roles-of-serum-caveolin-3-levels-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Ling-Yue Sun, Xiang Qu, Ling-Zhi Chen, Gao-Shu Zheng, Xin-Lei Wu, Xing-Xing Chen, Wei-Jian Huang, Hao Zhou
Objective: To explore serum caveolin-3 (Cav-3) levels in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and to evaluate the role of Cav-3 as a biomarker for AF and incident heart failure (HF). Methods: Three hundred and five patients were enrolled in the study and divided into three groups: sinus rhythm (Group SR), paroxysmal AF (Group paAF), and persistent AF (Group peAF). Serum Cav-3 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at baseline. Clinical characteristics, and laboratory data were collected during hospitalization, and a follow-up of 12-months was carried out...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420671/ptk7-localization-and-protein-stability-is-affected-by-canonical-wnt-ligands
#8
Hanna Berger, Marlen Breuer, Hanna Peradziryi, Martina Podleschny, Ralf Jacob, Annette Borchers
PTK7 (protein tyrosine kinase 7) is an evolutionarily conserved transmembrane receptor with important roles in embryonic development and disease. Originally identified as a gene upregulated in colon cancer it was later shown to regulate planar cell polarity (PCP) and directional cell movement. PTK7 is a Wnt co-receptor, however its role in Wnt signaling remains controversial. Here, we find evidence that place PTK7 at the intersection of canonical and non-canonical Wnt signaling pathways. In presence of canonical Wnt ligands PTK7 is subject to caveolin-mediated endocytosis, while it is unaffected by non-canonical Wnt ligands...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414464/mechanisms-of-internalization-of-maltose-modified-poly-propyleneimine-glycodendrimers-into-leukemic-cell-lines
#9
Maciej Studzian, Aleksandra Szulc, Anna Janaszewska, Dietmar Appelhans, Łukasz Pułaski, Barbara Klajnert-Maculewicz
Poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers of fourth generation partially modified with maltose (open shell structure, PPI-m OS) have been proposed as carriers for nucleotide anticancer drugs. The aim of this work was to provide basic insight into interactions between fluorescently labeled PPI-m dendrimer and two distinct leukemia cell models: CCRF-1301 lymphoid cell line and HL-60 myeloid cell line. We applied qualitative confocal imaging and quantitative flow cytometry, as well as trypan blue quenching and pharmacological inhibition, to investigate the course, kinetics, and molecular mechanisms of internalization of nanoparticles...
April 25, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403518/formation-of-the-igf1r-cav1-src-tri-complex-antagonizes-trail-induced-apoptosis-in-gastric-cancer-cells
#10
Tianshu Guo, Ling Xu, Xiaofang Che, Simeng Zhang, Ce Li, Jin Wang, Jing Gong, Rui Ma, Yibo Fan, Kezuo Hou, Huiming Zhou, Xuejun Hu, Yunpeng Liu, Xiujuan Qu
Lipid rafts provide a biological platform for apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). We previously reported that insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) translocation into lipid rafts helped to explain TRAIL resistance. However, it was not clear whether TRAIL resistance was caused by the interaction of IGF1R with caveolin-1 (CAV1) and the non-receptor tyrosine kinase SRC in lipid rafts of gastric cancer cells. Here, we observed high IGF1R expression in TRAIL-resistant gastric cancer cells, and showed that IGF1R combined with both CAV1 and SRC in a native complex...
April 12, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402952/caveolin-1-scaffolding-domain-peptides-enhance-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-heme-oxygenase-1-through-interrupting-its-interact-with-caveolin-1
#11
Ping Weng, Xiao-Tong Zhang, Qiong Sheng, Wen-Fang Tian, Jun-Liang Chen, Jia-Jia Yuan, Ji-Ru Zhang, Qing-Feng Pang
Caveolin-1(Cav-1) scaffolding domain (CSD) peptides compete with the plasma membrane Cav-1, inhibit the interaction of the proteins and Cav-1, and re-store the functions of Cav-1 binding proteins. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) binds to Cav-1 and its enzymatic activity was inhibited. In this study, we investigated the effect of CSD peptides on interaction between HO-1 and Cav-1, and on the HO-1 activity in vitro and in vivo. Our data showed that CSD peptides decreased the compartmentalization of HO-1 and Cav-1, and increased the HO-1 activity both in LPS-treated alveolar macrophages and in mice...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400465/hypercholesterolemia-impairs-oxytocin-induced-uterine-contractility-in-late-pregnant-mouse
#12
Amol R Padol, Susanth V Sukumaran, Abdul Sadam, Manickam Kesavan, Kandasamy Arunvikram, Ankita D Verma, Vivek Srivastava, Manjit Panigrahi, Thakur Uttam Singh, Avinash G Telang, Santosh K Mishra, Subhashree Parida
High cholesterol is known to negatively affect uterine contractility in ex vivo conditions. The aim of the present study was to reveal the effect of in vivo hypercholesterolemia on spontaneous and oxytocin-induced uterine contractility in late pregnant mouse uterus. Female Swiss albino mice were fed with high cholesterol (HC) diet (0.5% sodium cholate, 1.25% cholesterol and 15% fat) for 6 weeks and then throughout the gestation period after mating. On day 19 of gestation, serum cholesterol level was increased more than 3-fold while triglycerides level was reduced in HC diet-fed animals as compared to control animals fed with a standard diet...
May 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395329/vitamin-d-suppresses-oxidative-stress-induced-microparticle-release-by-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#13
Xiuyue Jia, Jie Xu, Yang Gu, Xin Gu, Weimin Li, Yuping Wang
Endothelial microparticle (MP) release was increased in numerous cardiovascular diseases including preeclampsia. Oxidative stress is a potent inducer of endothelial dysfunction. In this study, we aimed to investigate if vitamin D could protect endothelial cells (ECs) from MP release induced by oxidative stress. Endothelial cell (from human umbilical vein) oxidative stress was induced by cultivation of cells under lowered oxygen condition (2%O2) for 48 h and cells cultured under standard condition (21%O2) served as control...
January 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394317/corrigendum-sirtuin1-protects-endothelial-caveolin-1-expression-and-preserves-endothelial-function-via-suppressing-mir-204-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#14
Modar Kassan, Ajit Vikram, Young-Rae Kim, Qiuxia Li, Adam Kassan, Hemal H Patel, Santosh Kumar, Mohanad Gabani, Jing Liu, Julia S Jacobs, Kaikobad Irani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390134/primordial-odontogenic-tumor-an-immunohistochemical-profile
#15
R Bologna-Molina, T Mikami, V Pereira-Prado, F-R Pires, R Carlos-Bregni, A Mosqueda-Taylor
BACKGROUND: Primordial Odontogenic Tumor (POT) is a recently described odontogenic tumor characterized by a variably cellular loose fibrous tissue with areas similar to the dental papilla, covered by cuboidal to columnar epithelium that resembles the internal epithelium of the enamel organ, surrounded at least partly by a delicate fibrous capsule. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible histogenesis and biological behavior of this rare tumor by means of a wide immunohistochemical analysis of its epithelial and mesenchymal components...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385810/regulation-of-p53-mediated-changes-in-the-upa-fibrinolytic-system-and-in-lung-injury-by-loss-of-surfactant-protein-c-expression-in-alveolar-epithelial-cells
#16
Bijesh Puthusseri, Amarnath S Marudamuthu, Nivedita Tiwari, Jian Fu, Steven Idell, Sreerama Shetty
Pulmonary surfactant protein-C (SP-C) expression by type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) is markedly reduced in diverse types of lung injuries and is often associated with AEC apoptosis. It is unclear whether loss of SP-C contributes to the increased p53 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system cross talk and apoptosis of AECs. We therefore inhibited SP-C expression in human and murine AECs using lentivirus vector expressing shRNA and tested p53 and downstream changes in uPA-fibrinolytic system...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381099/oxytocin-stimulates-cell-proliferation-in-vaginal-cell-line-vk2e6e7
#17
Theodora K Kallak, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg
Objective During and after menopause, the symptoms of vaginal atrophy cause great discomfort and necessitate effective treatment options. Currently, vaginally applied oxytocin is being investigated as a treatment for the symptoms of vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women. To clarify the mechanisms behind oxytocins effects on vaginal atrophy, the present study investigated the effects of oxytocin on cell proliferation in the cells of the Vk2E6E7 line, a non-tumour vaginal cell line. The study also compared the effects of oxytocin with those of estradiol (E2)...
March 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376378/inhibition-of-c-src-protects-paraquat-induced-microvascular-endothelial-injury-by-modulating-caveolin-1-phosphorylation-and-caveolae-mediated-transcellular-permeability
#18
Yu Huang, Qing He
The mechanisms underlying paraquat induced acute lung injury (ALI) is still not clear. C-Src plays an important role in the regulation of microvascular endothelial barrier function and the pathogenesis of ALI. In the present study, we found that paraquat induced cell toxicity and an increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in endothelium. Paraquat exposure also induced significant increase of caveolin-1 phosphorylation, caveolae trafficking and albumin permeability in endothelial monolayers. C-Src depletion by siRNA significantly attenuate paraquat induced cell toxicity, caveolin-1 phosphorylation, caveolae formation and endothelial hyperpermeability...
February 2, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368445/vitamin-d-reduces-oxidative-stress-induced-procaspase-3-rock1-activation-and-mp-release-by-placental-trophoblasts
#19
Jie Xu, Xiuyue Jia, Yang Gu, David F Lewis, Xin Gu, Yuping Wang
Context: Increased microparticle (MP) shedding by placental trophoblasts contributes to maternal vascular inflammatory response and endothelial dysfunction in preeclampsia (PE). Vitamin D has beneficial effects in pregnancy, however its effect on trophoblast MP release has not been investigated. Objective: To investigate if vitamin D could protect trophoblasts from oxidative stress-induced MP release. Design: Placental trophoblasts were isolated from uncomplicated and preeclamptic placentas...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365694/correlation-of-caveolin-1-expression-with-prognosis-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-after-gastrectomy
#20
Mesut Seker, Dincer Aydin, Ahmet Bilici, Dilek Yavuzer, Melin G Ozgun, Melike Ozcelik, Ozhan Aydin, Mehmet Aliustaoglu
BACKGROUND: Upregulation of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) expression is correlated with histopathological grade and poor prognosis in several human cancers. However, in gastric cancer, its clinical utility as a useful prognostic molecular marker remains unclear. METHODS: The prognostic importance of Cav-1 expression was retrospectively analyzed by immunohistochemistry in 148 patients with gastric cancer who had undergone radical gastrectomy. RESULTS: Cav-1 expression was positive in 23 (15...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
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