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Michael J Lentze, Salvatore Auricchio, Samy Cadranel, Peter J Milla, Deirdre Kelly, Alexander S McNeish, Jean Rey, Jacques Schmitz, Birgitta Strandvik, Jan Taminiau, Jarmo Visakorpi
Thirty-six founding members from Europe were present in 1968, when the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology (ESGA) had its first meeting in Paris. The aim was to create a forum for presentations and discussions of research activities in paediatric gastroenterology in Europe. At the second meeting of ESGA 1969 in Interlaken, an important landmark was set for all gastroenterologists in the world. In this conference, the first ever criteria for "the Diagnosis of Coeliac Disease" (CD) were established...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Janaína Guilhem Muniz, Vera Lucia Sdepanian, Ulysses Fagundes
Background: Celiac disease is a permanent intolerance induced by gluten, which is expressed by T-cell mediated enteropathy, and has a high prevalence in the general population. There is evidence of a strong genetic predisposition to celiac disease. Objective: To determine the prevalence of genetic markers HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 in blood donors from São Paulo and measure human recombinant tissue transglutaminase antibody IgA class in HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 positive donors...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Martina Filippelli, Maria Teresa Garozzo, Antonino Capizzi, Massimo Spina, Sara Manti, Lucia Tardino, Carmelo Salpietro, Salvatore Leonardi
AIM: To evaluate hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine response and correlation with human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and/or gluten intake in celiac patients at diagnosis. METHODS: Fifty-one patients affected by celiac disease, diagnosed at the Department of Pediatrics of the University of Catania (Italy), were recruited. All patients were tested at admission for immunization against HBV, according to findings from analysis of quantitative HBV surface antibody (anti-HBs)...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Shilpy Singla, Praveen Kumar, Preeti Singh, Gurvinder Kaur, Anurag Rohtagi, Monisha Choudhury
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of Celiac disease (CD) in first-degree relatives (FDR) of CD children. METHODS: This observational study was performed in FDR (parents and siblings) of consecutive newly diagnosed cases of CD enrolled from January 2011 through March 2012. Screening for CD in FDR was done using IgA tissue transglutaminase (tTG) levels in serum and the seropositive subset underwent upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy and biopsy to confirm the disease...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Piotr Miskiewicz, Agata Gos-Zajac, Alina Kurylowicz, Teresa Maria Plazinska, Maria Franaszczyk, Zbigniew Bartoszewicz, Agnieszka Kondracka, Katarzyna Pirko-Kotela, Maciej Rupinski, Dorota Jarosz, Jaroslaw Regula, Rafal Ploski, Tomasz Bednarczuk
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of celiac disease (CD) in patients with different autoimmune diseases including Graves disease (GD) remains a challenge. The aims of our study were to: (1) assess the prevalence of CD in Polish patients with GD and (2) evaluate the prevalence of CD in the subgroups of patients with GD divided on the basis of clinical and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing criteria. METHODS: The prospective study was conducted at an academic referral center...
September 2015: Endocrine Practice
J Molina-Infante, S Santolaria, D S Sanders, F Fernández-Bañares
BACKGROUND: Noncoeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a controversial emerging disorder. Despite reported symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten, NCGS remains a diagnosis based on the exclusion of coeliac disease, given the absence of reliable biomarkers. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence, diagnostic exclusion of coeliac disease and the efficacy of a gluten-free diet (GFD) for NCGS patients. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed up to December 2014...
May 2015: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
P Frič, M Zavoral, T Dvořáková
The introduction of cereals in human nutrition 10 000 years ago caused the occurrence of gluten induced diseases. This protein complex is involved in pathogenesis of wheat allergy, celiac disease, and gluten sensitivity. Wheat allergy and celiac disease are mediated by the system of adaptive immunity. Gluten sensitivity is a recently defined entity induced by innate immune mechanisms. These subjects present various intestinal and particularly extraintestinal symptoms. The differences between celiac disease and gluten intolerance include permeability of the intestinal mucosal barrier, histology of duodenal biopsy, and mucosal gene expression...
May 2013: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Maria Esteve, Anna Carrasco, Fernando Fernandēz-Bañares
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe whether a gluten-free diet (GFD) is indicated in Marsh I gluten-sensitive enteropathy where gastrointestinal symptoms are not present. Arguments are provided to prescribe a GFD to manage extraintestinal symptoms. By contrast, there are not enough reasons to prescribe a GFD to prevent long-term complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Population-based and prospective observational studies have found that lymphocytic duodenosis may be due to not just gluten-sensitive enteropathy but also due to other aetiologic factors...
September 2012: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Sari Tikkakoski, Erkki Savilahti, Kaija-Leena Kolho
OBJECTIVE: To compare the nutritional parameters of individuals with a previous diagnosis of coeliac disease (CD) with those of screen-detected patients in a large cohort of adults in primary care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort of 1900 adults (aged 18-64 years) was screened for tissue transglutaminase antibodies (TG2A) in primary care in the capital region of Finland. IgA-endomysium antibodies (EmA), HLADQ2/8 associated with CD were determined in positive individuals...
January 2007: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Tarcisio Not, Elena Faleschini, Alberto Tommasini, Alessandra Repetto, Michele Pasotti, Valentina Baldas, Andrea Spano, Daniele Sblattero, Roberto Marzari, Carlo Campana, Antonello Gavazzi, Luigi Tavazzi, Federico Biagi, Gino Roberto Corazza, Alessandro Ventura, Eloisa Arbustini
AIMS: To investigate celiac disease (CD) and related co-morbidity in patients with familial and sporadic cardiomyopathy and in their relatives. METHODS AND RESULTS: We screened anti-human-tissue-transglutaminase (IgA and IgG anti-h-tTG) and anti-endomysial antibodies (AEAs) in 238 consecutive adult patients with inherited or sporadic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), 418 relatives, and 2000 healthy blood donors. HLADQ2-DQ8 was tested in tTG-positive subjects. The IgA-tTG-positive patients with cardiomyopathy underwent duodenal biopsy...
August 2003: European Heart Journal
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