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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138632/the-e-generation-the-technological-usage-and-experiences-of-medical-students-from-a-developing-country
#1
Priyasdarshani Galappatthy, Wasundara S Wathurapatha, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Maheshi D M S Wijayabandara, Dinuka S Warapitiya, Krishantha Weerasuriya
Background: The medical community is increasingly using Portable Electronic Devices (PEDs). We evaluated usage of PEDs and medical apps among medical students from Sri Lanka. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo. Medical students from 2nd to 5th year were invited for the study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect details of PEDs availability, accessibility, and usage, perceived advantages/barriers of PEDs, and availability, accessibility, and usage of medical apps...
2017: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138611/volunteer-patients-and-small-groups-contribute-to-abdominal-examination-s-success
#2
Helen M Shields, Nielsen Q Fernandez-Becker, Sarah N Flier, Byron P Vaughn, Melissa H Tukey, Stephen R Pelletier, Douglas A Horst
Background: Prior to 2007, we taught the abdominal examination in a hospital based group to 40 students, at one hospital. We used volunteer patients, small groups, repetition, and required faculty development sessions. In 2007, our medical school changed its "Introduction to Physical Examination" session so that the entire class was to be taught in a geographically central session. Our hospital was selected to lead the abdominal examination portion of the session. Aim: Our aim was to answer three questions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138217/effectiveness-of-interprofessional-education-in-renal-physiology-curricula-for-health-sciences-graduate-students
#3
Lisa M Harrison-Bernard, Mihran V Naljayan, Jane M Eason, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
The primary purpose of conducting an interprofessional education (IPE) experience during the renal physiology block of a graduate-level course was to provide basic science, physical therapy, and physician assistant graduate students with an opportunity to work as a team in the diagnosis, treatment, and collaborative care of a patient with acute kidney injury. The secondary purpose was to enhance the understanding of basic renal physiology principles with a patient case presentation of renal pathophysiology...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137662/peer-assisted-learning-among-sri-lankan-medical-undergraduates-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Nipun Lakshitha de Silva, Balasundaram Parththipan, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Godwin Constantine, Sumadhya Deepika Fernando, Senaka Rajapakse
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to; (a) evaluate the current practices of peer assisted learning among second year and final year medical students of Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka; (b) identify reasons for engaging in peer assisted learning; (c) identify perceived weaknesses in current learning activities; and (d) determine student characteristics associated with engaging in peer assisted learning. RESULTS: This cross sectional study interviewed two hundred and eighty-four eligible students...
November 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135750/student-and-educator-experiences-of-maternal-child-simulation-based-learning-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#5
Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Julie Rivers, Carol Gordon, Maureen Ryan, Diane Butcher
BACKGROUND: Although maternal-child care is a pillar of primary health care, there is a global shortage of maternal-child health care providers. Nurse educators experience difficulties providing undergraduate students with maternal-child learning experiences for a number of reasons. Simulation has the potential to complement learning in clinical and classroom settings. Although systematic reviews of simulation are available, no systematic reviews of qualitative evidence related to maternal-child simulation-based learning (SBL) for undergraduate nursing students and/or educators have been located...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135593/ultrasound-guided-dynamic-needle-tip-positioning-technique-versus-palpation-technique-for-radial-arterial-cannulation-in-adult-surgical-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Roy K Kiberenge, Kenichi Ueda, Brett Rosauer
BACKGROUND: Radial arterial cannulation is most commonly done using palpation, but the use of ultrasound has increased the cannulation success rate. This improvement, albeit significant, has not led to a very high success rate especially in trainees. A modified ultrasound technique for vascular cannulation (dynamic needle tip positioning) has been described for peripheral venous cannulation. We therefore assessed the success rate of this technique compared to the palpation technique for radial artery cannulation in adult surgical patients...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135400/-the-comparison-of-microscopy-and-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-methods-for-the-diagnosis-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-evaluation-of-clinical-parameters
#7
Seray Töz, Cumhur Gündüz, Aslı Tetik, Meltem Taşbakan, Hüsnü Pullukçu, Feza Bacakoğlu, Mehmet Sezai Taşbakan, Figen Gülen, Ayşegül Ünver, Nevin Turgay
Introduction: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) causes serious infections, especially in patients with immunosuppressive diseases. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the results of samples obtained from PCP suspected patients using two different methods together with clinical data. Materials and Methods: Microscopy and real time polymerase chain reaction (real time PCR) methods were performed with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples sended to Ege University Medical Faculty Direct Parasitology Diagnostic Laboratory between March 2009 and June 2010...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133965/evaluation-of-adjunctive-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-swelling-and-trismus-after-surgical-removal-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Farrokh Farhadi, Hosein Eslami, Alireza Majidi, Vahid Fakhrzadeh, Milad Ghanizadeh, Sahar KhademNeghad
Background and Aim: Wisdom teeth remains impacted in the jaw due to several reasons and surgery of impacted wisdom teeth is one of the most common surgeries in dental clinics. Pain, swelling and trismus are the common complications after this surgery which affect quality of life. In articles, various methods are introduced to control immediate inflammatory-response associated with third-molar surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adjunctive effect of low-level laser Therapy on pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted lower third molar...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132909/a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-pharmacy-perspectives-on-interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-practice
#9
REVIEW
Alla El-Awaisi, Sundari Joseph, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Lesley Diack
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists are key professionals in the collaborative working process and are integral members of the healthcare team. However, there is paucity of information regarding their perspectives towards interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice. AIMS: The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize, summarise and evaluate the quality of the quantitative and qualitative literature related to the perspectives of pharmacy students, pharmacy faculty and practising pharmacists toward IPE and collaborative practice...
November 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131777/malignant-solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-liver-airp-best-cases-in-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#10
Cátia Esteves, Tiago Maia, José Manuel Lopes, Madalena Pimenta
Editor's Note.-RadioGraphics continues to publish radiologic-pathologic case material selected from the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology (AIRP) "best case" presentations. The AIRP conducts a 4-week Radiologic Pathology Correlation Course, which is offered five times per year. On the penultimate day of the course, the best case presentation is held at the American Film Institute Silver Theater and Cultural Center in Silver Spring, Md. The AIRP faculty identifies the best cases, from each organ system, brought by the resident attendees...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127018/curriculum-using-the-in-situ-operating-room-setting
#11
Raghavendra Rao, Robert C Caskey, Lily Owei, Kathleen O'Connor, Elijah Riddle, Daniel T Dempsey, Joshua Atkins, Dimitry Baranov, Gregory Motuk, Ari D Brooks, Noel Williams, Jon Morris, Kristoffel Dumon
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Surgeons/Association of Program Directors in Surgery is a comprehensive, simulation-based curriculum for General Surgery residents which exists in 3 phases. While phases 1 and 2 deal with core skills and advanced procedures respectively, phase 3 targets team-based skills. To date, the 3rd phase of this curriculum has not seen wide scale implementation. This is a pilot study to verify the feasibility of implementing the phase 3 curriculum in the in-situ setting...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126451/acceleration-sensors-in-abdominal-wall-position-as-a-non-invasive-approach-to-detect-early-breathing-alterations-induced-by-intolerance-of-increased-airway-resistance
#12
Thomas Breuer, Christian S Bruells, Rolf Rossaint, Henning Steffen, Catherine Disselhorst-Klug, Michael Czaplik, Norbert Zoremba
BACKGROUND: Early detection of respiratory overload is crucial to mechanically ventilated patients, especially during phases of spontaneous breathing. Although a diversity of methods and indices has been established, there is no highly specific approach to predict respiratory failure. This study aimed to evaluate acceleration sensors in abdominal and thoracic wall positions to detect alterations in breathing excursions in a setting of gradual increasing airway resistance. METHODS: Twenty-nine healthy volunteers were committed to a standardized protocol of a two-minutes step-down spontaneous breathing on a 5 mm, 4 mm and then 3 mm orally placed endotracheal tube...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122805/impact-of-uv-irradiation-on-electrical-impedance-spectroscopy-of-benign-nevi-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-study
#13
Christine Fink, Anissa Schweizer, Lorenz Uhlmann, Holger A Haenssle
INTRODUCTION: The clinical and histological changes of nevi after ultraviolet (UV) irradiation have been studied in detail. In contrast, the impact of UV irradiation on electrical impedance spectroscopy scores of nevi has not been investigated. However, for physicians, it is essential to know the extent to which changes in electrical impedance spectroscopy scores of nevi may be attributed to seasonal effects of UV irradiation. METHODS: This is a prospective, controlled, clinical study evaluating the impact of UV irradiation on the electrical impedance spectroscopy scores of benign nevi in 50 patients undergoing phototherapy...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121897/differences-between-medical-student-and-faculty-perceptions-of-the-competencies-needed-for-the-first-year-of-residency
#14
Sophie Fürstenberg, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Different guidelines and frameworks like the CanMEDs model or entrustable professional activities (EPAs) describe competencies required for successful and professional work of residents. Not all competencies are of equal importance for graduates when they start their residency. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of different competencies for a first year resident from the perspective of physicians and medical students. METHODS: In an online study, 178 of 475 surgeons and internists including residents and attendings and 102 of 728 first and last year undergraduate medical students from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf ranked 25 competencies according to their relevance for entrustment decisions in first year residents...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120714/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-assess-neuroadaptation-to-multifocal-intraocular-lenses
#15
Andreia M Rosa, Ângela C Miranda, Miguel M Patrício, Colm McAlinden, Fátima L Silva, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Joaquim N Murta
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess neuroadaptation to multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. DESIGN: Prospective case study. METHODS: Patients with bilateral diffractive IOL implantation after cataract surgery had functional MRI at postoperative intervals of 3 weeks and 6 months. A nonintervention control group was included as proof of concept...
October 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120711/combined-transepithelial-phototherapeutic-keratectomy-and-conventional-photorefractive-keratectomy-followed-simultaneously-by-corneal-crosslinking-for-keratoconus-cretan-protocol-plus
#16
Michael A Grentzelos, George A Kounis, Vasilios F Diakonis, Charalambos S Siganos, Miltiadis K Tsilimbaris, Ioannis G Pallikaris, George D Kymionis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual, refractive, and topographic outcomes after combined transepithelial phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) and conventional photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) followed simultaneously by corneal crosslinking (CXL) for keratoconus. SETTING: Vardinoyiannion Eye Institute of Crete, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients with progressive keratoconus had simultaneous conventional PRK followed by CXL; the corneal epithelium was removed using transepithelial PTK (Cretan protocol plus)...
October 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117750/comparison-of-faculty-assessment-and-students-self-assessment-of-performance-during-clinical-case-discussions-in-a-pharmacotherapy-capstone-course
#17
Sara A Wettergreen, Jason Brunner, Sunny A Linnebur, Laura M Borgelt, Joseph J Saseen
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to compare faculty assessment and third year students' self-assessment of performance in clinical case discussions. The secondary objective was to evaluate if student characteristics influence self-assessments. METHODS: This retrospective analysis compared faculty and student self-assessment scores for two clinical case discussions using Spearman's correlation and Wilcoxon's signed ranks test. Chi-squared test was used to compare frequency of faculty and student self-assessments indicating the highest possible rating for the pooled score and for each individual component...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117094/a-novel-task-trainer-for-penile-corpus-cavernosa-aspiration
#18
Amber S Ruest, Leila P Getto, Jenna M Fredette, Amy Cherico, Mia A Papas, Jason T Nomura
INTRODUCTION: Priapism is a rare yet time sensitive emergency with potentially significant morbidity. A novel task trainer was developed for corpus cavernosa aspiration and phenylephrine injection. The primary aim of this study was to assess model realism and usefulness for emergency medicine resident procedural education. Secondarily, an assessment of comfort level with the procedure before and after intervention was performed. METHODS: A priapism model containing corpus cavernosa and spongiosum analogs was constructed...
November 8, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116980/rethinking-the-educator-portfolio-an-innovative-criteria-based-model
#19
Kanade Shinkai, Chen Amy Chen, Brian S Schwartz, Helen Loeser, Cynthia Ashe, David M Irby
PROBLEM: Academic medical centers struggle to achieve parity in advancement and promotions between educators and discovery-oriented researchers in part because of narrow definitions of scholarship, lack of clear criteria for measuring excellence, and barriers to making educational contributions available for peer review. Despite recent progress in expanding scholarship definitions and identifying excellence criteria, these advances are not integrated into educator portfolio (EP) templates or curriculum vitae platforms...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116975/progress-on-a-new-kind-of-progress-test-assessing-medical-students-clinical-skills
#20
Robin H DeMuth, Jonathan G Gold, Brian E Mavis, Dianne P Wagner
PROBLEM: Progress testing of medical knowledge has advantages over traditional medical school examination strategies. However, little is known about its use in assessing medical students' clinical skills or their integration of clinical skills with necessary science knowledge. The authors previously reported on the feasibility of the Progress Clinical Skills Examination (PCSE), piloted with a group of early learners. This subsequent pilot test studied the exam's validity to determine whether the PCSE is sensitive to the growth in students' clinical skills across the four years of medical school...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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