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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786947/does-general-experience-affect-self-assessment
#1
Parisa Rezaiefar, Kelly Forse, Joseph K Burns, Sharon Johnston, Elizabeth Muggah, Claire Kendall, Douglas Archibald
BACKGROUND: The assessment of clinical competence is critical in medical education. Understanding the effect of general experience on a physician's self-assessment would help design more effective curricula and evaluations of procedural skills in postgraduate training and continuing professional development (CPD). In this observational study, we assessed the effect of general experience on the correlation between confidence and competence amongst experienced clinicians (ECs) and postgraduate trainees (PGTs) when learning an office-based procedure in pessary care...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785772/getting-the-picture-visual-interpretation-in-ophthalmology-residency-training
#2
Adam D Baim
OBJECTIVES: Visual interpretation is essential in many fields of health care. Although diagnostic competency can be measured as an educational outcome, few accounts have addressed tacit aspects of visual interpretation in clinical training; these include the disciplining of the trainee's attentions and the trainee's acculturation into expected styles of communicating visual interpretations to others. This paper describes values and dispositions that are taught to ophthalmology trainees as they learn to reason through visual information, and explores how these qualities are evaluated during residency training...
May 21, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780006/investigation-of-the-applicability-of-a-rapid-diagnosis-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-cystic-echinococcosis
#3
Sema Ertuğ, Serçin Özlem Çalışkan, Erdoğan Malatyalı, Hatice Ertabaklar
OBJECTIVE: Echinococcus granulosus, the etiological agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans and livestock, is a widely distributed zoonotic pathogen tapeworm. The infection is transmitted to humans by the ingestion of E. granulosus eggs released in the feces of definitive hosts such as dogs. The larval stage of the parasite develops a slowly enlarging cyst in the visceral organs, particularly in the liver and/or lung. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of an immunochromatographic test (ICT) for CE...
May 21, 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779419/an-evaluation-of-hearing-in-infants-administered-with-colistin-in-the-premature-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#4
Selman Sarıca, Sadık Yurttutan
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of colistin on hearing by evaluating the otoacoustic emission tests and clinical auditory brainstem responses in preterm infants treated with colistin in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHOD: The study included 30 neonates (male: n = 16, female: n = 14) born before 37 weeks who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam Medical Faculty between January 2014 and January 2015 and who were treated with colistin during their time in intensive care because of infection...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778089/implications-for-faculty-development-for-emerging-clinical-teachers-at-distributed-sites-a-qualitative-interpretivist-study
#5
Julia Blitz, Marietjie De Villiers, Susan Van Schalkwyk
INTRODUCTION: Medical faculties have the responsibility to graduate competent health professionals and a consequent obligation to assure the quality and effectiveness of their students' clinical teaching. Many institutions are responding to rural workforce needs by extending clinical training from the traditional academic teaching hospital to include rural and remote sites distributed away from the central training institution. It is incumbent upon medical schools to consider how this might impact on the faculty development of these clinicians as teachers...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777782/financial-analysis-of-pediatric-resident-physician-primary-care-longitudinal-outpatient-experience
#6
Carole H Stipelman, Brad Poss, Laura Anne Stetson, Luca Boi, Michael Rogers, Caleb Puzey, Sri Koduri, Robert Kaplan, Vivian S Lee, Edward B Clark
PURPOSE: To determine whether residency training represents a net positive or negative cost to academic medical centers, we analyzed the cost of a residency program and clinical productivity of residents and faculty in outpatient primary care practice with or without residents. METHOD: Patient volume and revenue data (Current Procedural Terminology codes) from an academic primary care general pediatric clinic were evaluated for faculty clinics (faculty only) and resident teaching clinics (Longitudinal Outpatient Experience [LOE]) with 1-4 residents/faculty...
May 16, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#7
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773695/automated-computer-guided-pasi-measurements-by-digital-image-analysis-versus-conventional-physicians-pasi-calculations-study-protocol-for-a-comparative-single-centre-observational-study
#8
Christine Fink, Lorenz Uhlmann, Christina Klose, Holger A Haenssle
INTRODUCTION: Reliable and accurate assessment of severity in psoriasis is very important in order to meet indication criteria for initiation of systemic treatment or to evaluate treatment efficacy. The most acknowledged tool for measuring the extent of psoriatic skin changes is the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI). However, the calculation of PASI can be tedious and subjective and high intraobserver and interobserver variability is an important concern. Therefore, there is a great need for a standardised and objective method that guarantees a reproducible PASI calculation...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773409/correlation-of-objective-assessment-data-with-general-surgery-resident-in-training-evaluation-reports-and-operative-volumes
#9
Jad M Abdelsattar, Yazan N AlJamal, Raaj K Ruparel, Phillip G Rowse, Stephanie F Heller, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, and operative case volumes often tell little about true resident performance. We developed an objective structured clinical examination called the Surgical X-Games (5 rooms, 15 minutes each, 12-15 tests total, different for each postgraduate [PGY] level). We hypothesized that performance in X-Games will prove more useful in identifying areas of strength or weakness among general surgery (GS) residents than faculty evaluations, ABSITE scores, or operative cases volumes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770211/the-performance-of-select-universities-of-medical-sciences-based-on-the-components-affecting-medical-education
#10
Mehdi Tayebi Arasteh, Behrooz Pouragha, Masume Bagheri Kahkesh
Background:  Every educational institution requires an evaluation system in order to find out about the quality and desirability of its activities, especially if it is a complex and dynamic environment. The present study was conducted to evaluate the educational performance of schools affiliated to Alborz University of Medical Sciences to help improve their performance. Methods:  This descriptive analytical study was conducted in six schools affiliated to Alborz University of Medical Sciences in April 2016-October 2016 and October 2016-April 2017...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768072/an-integrated-developmental-four-year-medical-school-curriculum-in-palliative-care-a-longitudinal-content-evaluation-based-on-national-competency-standards
#11
Erin M Denney-Koelsch, Robert Horowitz, Timothy Quill, Constance D Baldwin
BACKGROUND: While palliative care (PC) competencies for medical school graduates have been defined, the lack of established curriculum models and assessment tools hampers curricular evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To describe the scope and content of the University of Rochester's longitudinal, integrated four-year PC curriculum after 17 years of implementation, review student evaluative responses, and compare the curriculum to national competency standards. DESIGN AND SETTING: Combining and reorganizing a published PC curriculum assessment tool and a list of medical school PC competencies, we created a novel nine-topic framework to assess the content coverage of our curriculum...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767213/teaching-medical-educators-how-to-teach-communication-skills-more-than-a-decade-of-experience
#12
Carla L Spagnoletti, Sarah Merriam, Laurel Milberg, William I Cohen, Robert M Arnold
OBJECTIVES: Although opportunities exist for medical educators to gain additional training in teaching, literature that describes how to teach educators to teach communication skills to trainees is limited. The authors developed and evaluated a faculty development course that uses didactics, demonstration, drills, and role-play in a small-group format. METHODS: The course has been offered through the Institute for Clinical Research Education at the University of Pittsburgh for almost 15 years...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766033/use-of-key-performance-indicators-to-improve-milestone-assessment-in-semi-annual-clinical-competency-committee-meetings
#13
Fei Chen, Harendra Arora, Susan M Martinelli
Background: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's Next Accreditation System requires residency programs to semiannually submit composite milestone data on each resident's performance. This report describes and evaluates a new assessment review procedure piloted in our departmental Clinical Competency Committee (CCC) semi-annual meeting in June 2016. Methods: A modified Delphi technique was utilized to develop key performance indicators (KPI) linking milestone descriptors to clinical practice...
October 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765218/the-effects-of-maras-powder-use-on-patients-with-migraine
#14
Yılmaz İnanç, Fatma Özlem Orhan, Yusuf İnanç
Background: It is accepted that smoking often triggers migraine. However, studies evaluating the relationship between the use of smokeless tobacco and migraine are limited, and there is no clear consensus on the subject. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the relationship between migraine and Maras powder, which is the most common smokeless tobacco in Turkey. Subjects and methods: The study included a total of 600 subjects, consisting of 300 patients (aged >18 years) diagnosed with a migraine according to the International Headache Society (IHS-ICHD-3 Beta) criteria after presenting at Sütçü Imam University Medical Faculty Neurology Policlinic with the complaint of headache between July 2016 and December 2016 and a control group of 300 individuals with similar features of age, gender, and educational level...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764640/development-implementation-and-impact-of-a-collaborative-junior-faculty-engagement-and-professional-growth-program-the-young-faculty-leadership-initiative
#15
Adam Pate, Jennifer Smith, David Caldwell, Alexis Horace, Michelle Zagar
PURPOSE: To develop, implement, and evaluate the effect of a faculty engagement and professional growth program targeted at junior faculty members. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: A faculty engagement and growth program based on adult learning theory was piloted in a clinical sciences department. Effect of the model was evaluated using a pre/post-survey evaluating faculty output and work engagement using the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES). FINDINGS: Average number of publications/projects with cross-campus collaboration increased (0...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764639/web-based-versus-face-to-face-interprofessional-team-encounters-with-standardized-patients
#16
Kelly A Lempicki, Christine S Holland
BACKGROUND: Challenges exist in developing interprofessional education (IPE) activities including coordinating schedules and obtaining appropriate space for teams to work. Virtual worlds have been explored as a means to overcome some of these challenges. We sought to develop a web-based interprofessional team interaction with a standardized patient (SP), as compared to a face-to-face SP interaction, focusing on the competency area of interprofessional communication. INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY: Interprofessional teams of students were randomized to complete a web-based or face-to-face SP encounter...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764630/faculty-motivations-to-use-active-learning-among-pharmacy-educators
#17
Nicole Rockich-Winston, Brian C Train, Michael J Rudolph, Chris Gillette
INTRODUCTION: Faculty motivations to use active learning have been limited to surveys evaluating faculty perceptions within active learning studies. Our objective in this study was to evaluate the relationship between faculty intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and demographic variables and the extent of active learning use in the classroom. METHODS: An online survey was administered to individual faculty members at 137 colleges and schools of pharmacy across the United States...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762794/teaching-competencies-for-community-preceptors
#18
Darin Brink, Deb Simpson, Byron Crouse, Jeffrey Morzinski, Douglas Bower, Ruth Westra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although community physicians provide one-fourth of the outpatient training received in medical school, usually there is no formal training of the preceptor. Currently there is no agreed-upon list of teaching competencies for community physician-preceptors. Using a modified Delphi process, the authors aimed to identify core teaching competencies for community preceptors for use in training and evaluation. METHODS: A medical educator and three faculty members with expertise in faculty development created a list of teaching competencies organized in five domains...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761712/an-alternative-introduction-to-reading-and-evaluating-the-primary-literature-for-beginning-graduate-students
#19
David C Randall, Bobby R Baldridge
Students are challenged in transitioning from acquiring knowledge and understanding through reading textbooks to their learning to select, read, evaluate, and synthesize the primary literature. A customary approach to teaching this transition to beginning graduate students is for a faculty member to assign "readings" from the recent literature that promise to become key publications; such assignments generally underscore recent, novel scientific content. We advocate here an alternative approach for coaching students very early in their training: first, to read, analyze, and discuss a paper that highlights critically important features of effective and valid experimental design; and, second, to study a paper that can be shown historically to have fundamentally changed the way in which physiological function is understood...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760822/influence-of-lateral-cephalometric-radiographs-on-orthodontic-treatment-planning-of-class-ii-patients
#20
Irina Stupar, Enver Yetkiner, Daniel Wiedemeier, Thomas Attin, Rengin Attin
Background: Lateral Cephalometric Radiographs (LCR) are a common decision-making aid in orthodontic treatment planning and are routinely used in clinical practice. The aim of this present study was to test the null hypothesis that LCR evaluation does not alter specific components of orthodontic treatment planning in Class II patients. Materials and Methods: Records of 75 patients, who had been treated at the Department of Orthodontics, Centre of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich comprised the study material...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
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