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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334559/sex-differences-in-faculty-rank-among-academic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-in-2014
#1
Daniel M Blumenthal, Regan W Bergmark, Nikhila Raol, Jordan D Bohnen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Stacey T Gray
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate sex differences in full professorship among a comprehensive, contemporary cohort of US academic surgeons. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous work demonstrates that women are less likely than men to be full professors in academic medicine, and in certain surgical subspecialties. Whether sex differences in academic rank exist across all surgical fields, and after adjustment for confounders, is not known. METHODS: A comprehensive list of surgeons with faculty appointments at US medical schools in 2014 was obtained from Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) faculty roster and linked to a comprehensive physician database from Doximity, an online physician networking website, which contained the following data for all physicians: sex, age, years since residency, publication number (total and first/last author), clinical trials participation, National Institutes of Health grants, and surgical subspecialty...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334511/evaluation-of-recombinant-factor-viia-tranexamic-acid-and-desmopressin-to-reduce-prasugrel-related-bleeding-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-study-in-a-rabbit-model
#2
Fanny Bonhomme, Thomas Lecompte, Charles M Samama, Anne Godier, Pierre Fontana
BACKGROUND: Prasugrel is a thienopyridine that inhibits platelet aggregation more rapidly and effectively than clopidogrel, with an increased bleeding risk. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of three nonspecific haemostatic drugs - recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa), tranexamic acid and desmopressin (DDAVP) - to limit blood loss after administration of prasugrel in a rabbit model of bleeding while also evaluating any prothrombotic effects...
January 13, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334480/strategies-for-enhancing-medical-student-resilience-student-and-faculty-member-perspectives
#3
Julia Farquhar, Robert Kamei, Arpana Vidyarthi
Objectives: To improve programs aimed to enhance medical student resiliency, we examined both medical student and faculty advisor perspectives on resiliency-building in an Asian medical school. Methods: In two separate focus groups, a convenience sample of 8 MD-PhD students and 8 faculty advisors were asked to identify strategies for enhancing resilience. Using thematic analysis, two researchers independently examined discussion transcripts and field notes and determined themes through a consensus process...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330221/minimal-measurable-residual-disease-in-aml-consensus-document-from-eln-mrd-working-party
#4
Gerrit J Schuurhuis, Michael Heuser, Sylvie Freeman, Marie-Christine Béné, Francesco Buccisano, Jacqueline Cloos, David Grimwade, Torsten Haferlach, Robert K Hills, Christopher S Hourigan, Jeffrey L Jorgensen, Wolfgang Kern, Francis Lacombe, Luca Maurillo, Claude Preudhomme, Bert A van der Reijden, Christian Thiede, Adriano Venditti, Paresh Vyas, Brent L Wood, Roland B Walter, Konstanze Döhner, Gail J Roboz, Gert J Ossenkoppele
Measurable residual disease (MRD, previously termed minimal residual disease) is an independent, post-diagnosis, prognostic indicator in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that is important for risk stratification and treatment planning, in conjunction with other well-established clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular data assessed at diagnosis. MRD can be evaluated using a variety of multi-parameter flow cytometry (MFC) and molecular protocols but, to date, these approaches have not been qualitatively or quantitatively standardized, making their use in clinical practice challenging...
January 12, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328358/team-development-measure-in-interprofessional-graduate-education-a-pilot-study
#5
Lora Humphrey Beebe, Marian Roman, Gary Skolits, Hollie Raynor, Dixie Thompson, Andrea Franks
A faculty team developed the 4-week Recovery-Based Interprofessional Distance Education (RIDE) rotation for graduate students in their disciplines. The evaluation team identified the Team Development Measure (TDM) as a potential alternative to reflect team development during the RIDE rotation. The TDM, completed anonymously online, was piloted on the second student cohort (N = 18) to complete the RIDE rotation. The overall pretest mean was 60.73 points (SD = 11.85) of a possible 100 points, indicating that students anticipated their RIDE team would function at a moderately high level during the 4-week rotation...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326848/the-knowledge-of-eye-physicians-on-local-anesthetic-toxicity-and-intravenous-lipid-treatment-questionnaire-study
#6
Aykut Urfalıoğlu, Selma Urfalıoğlu, Gözen Öksüz
Objectives: To evaluate the knowledge of ophthalmologists regarding local anesthesia toxicity syndrome (LATS) and intravenous lipid emulsion used in treatment, and to raise awareness of this issue. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire comprising 14 questions about demographics, local anesthesia (LA) use, toxicity, and treatment methods was administered to ophthalmologists at different hospitals. Results: The study included 104 ophthalmologists (25% residents, 67...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325913/efficacy-of-a-web-based-oral-case-presentation-instruction-module-a-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Colin M Sox, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Linda O Lewin, Jeanine Ronan, Mary Brown, Marta King, Rachel Thompson, Michelle Noelck, Jamie S Sutherell, Michael Silverstein, Howard J Cabral, Michael Dell
OBJECTIVE: Effective self-directed educational tools are invaluable. Our objective was to determine whether a self-directed, web-based oral case presentation module would 1) improve medical students' oral case presentations compared to usual curriculum 2) with similar efficacy as structured oral presentation faculty feedback sessions. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic multi-center cluster randomized controlled trial among medical students rotating in pediatric clerkships at seven U...
January 8, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325750/double-balloon-enteroscopy-dbe-in-patients-presenting-with-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-ogib
#8
Esmat Sheba, Ali Farag, Wael Aref, Shaimaa Elkholy, Omar Ashoush
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) is defined as bleeding of unknown origin that persists or recurs after an initial negative investigation. Identifying the source of OGIB represents a diagnostic challenge that is frequently focused on visualizing the small intestine. Conventional diagnostic methods, such as push enteroscopy, small-bowel follow-through, radionuclide scanning, and angiography, each exhibit inherent limitations. Double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) was designed specifically to evaluate the entire small bowel...
January 8, 2018: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321706/validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-multiple-sclerosis-related-symptom-checklist
#9
Zeliha Tülek, Cansu Polat, Murat Kürtüncü, Mefkure Eraksoy
Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that causes different symptoms in each attack and has an individual-specific course. Detailed questioning and recording of MS symptoms is important for developing a management plan for individual-specific symptoms. The present study was planned to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of "Multiple Sclerosis-Related Symptom Checklist" (MS-RS), which has been developed for patients to personally follow-up the symptoms they experience...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320332/intraocular-medulloepithelioma-airp-best-cases-in-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#10
Omar Z Ashour, Melissa Stalling, Jonathan Ramsey, Daniel G Straka, Christopher R Pierson, Lisa C Martin
Editor's Note.-RadioGraphics continues to publish radiologic-pathologic case material selected from the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology (AIRP) "best case" presentations. The AIRP conducts a 4-week Radiologic Pathology Correlation Course, which is offered five times per year. On the penultimate day of the course, the best case presentation is held at the American Film Institute Silver Theater and Cultural Center in Silver Spring, Md. The AIRP faculty identifies the best cases, from each organ system, brought by the resident attendees...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306751/simulated-patient-training-using-inter-rater-reliability-to-evaluate-simulated-patient-consistency-in-nursing-education
#11
Sharon MacLean, Fiona Geddes, Michelle Kelly, Phillip Della
BACKGROUND: Simulated patients (SPs) are frequently used for training nursing students in communication skills. An acknowledged benefit of using SPs is the opportunity to provide a standardized approach by which participants can demonstrate and develop communication skills. However, relatively little evidence is available on how to best facilitate and evaluate the reliability and accuracy of SPs' performances. AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of an evidenced based SP training framework to ensure standardization of SPs...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306226/does-fibromyalgia-have-an-effect-on-hearing-loss-in-women
#12
Zeliha Kapusuz Gencer, Özlem Balbaloğlu, Mahmut Özkırış, Levent Saydam
Background/aim: Fibromyalgia (FM) patients may have several neuroendocrine dysfunctions, resulting in a hypervigilant sensory output that may be responsible for sensorineural complaints. In this study, we evaluated the audiological findings of a cohort of female fibromyalgia patients. Materials and methods: Between 1 September 2012 and 1 June 2013, 35 female FM patients, followed by the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Bozok University, were recruited for the study. The patients were referred to the Department of Otolaryngology for routine otolaryngological and audiological evaluations...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302189/the-effect-of-demographic-features-on-aortic-arch-anatomy-and-its-role-in-the-etiology-of-cerebrovascular-disease
#13
Yılmaz İnanç, Yusuf İnanç, Halil Ay
Purpose: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the distribution of aortic arches, the relationship with demographic characteristics, and the results of carotid and vertebral artery stenting procedures in patients diagnosed with cerebrovascular disease through the intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA) technique. Methods: A retrospective examination was performed on 288 patients diagnosed with cerebrovascular disease, who underwent DSA in the Department of Neurology of Gaziantep University Medical Faculty and Kahramanmaraş¸ Sütçü Imam University Medical Faculty...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301726/evaluation-of-the-relative-citation-ratio-a%C3%A2-new%C3%A2-national-institutes-of-health-supported-bibliometric-measure-of-research-productivity-among-academic-radiation-oncologists
#14
Calvin B Rock, Arpan V Prabhu, C David Fuller, Charles R Thomas, Emma B Holliday
PURPOSE: Publication metrics are useful in evaluating academic faculty for awarding grants, recruitment, and promotion. A new metric, the relative citation ratio (RCR), was recently released by the National Institutes of Health (NIH); however, no benchmark data yet exist. We sought to create benchmark data for physician faculty in academic radiation oncology (RO) and analyze correlations associated with increased academic productivity. METHODS: Citation database searches were performed for all US radiation oncologists affiliated with academic RO programs...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298183/an-integrated-career-coaching-and-time-banking-system-promoting-flexibility-wellness-and-success-a-pilot-program-at-stanford-university-school-of-medicine
#15
Magali Fassiotto, Caroline Simard, Christy Sandborg, Hannah Valantine, Jennifer Raymond
Faculty in academic medicine experience multiple demands on their time at work and at home, which can become a source of stress and dissatisfaction, compromising success. A taskforce convened to diagnose the state of work-life flexibility at Stanford University School of Medicine uncovered two major sources of conflict for faculty: work-life conflict, caused by juggling demands of career and home, and work-work conflict, caused by competing priorities of the tripartite research, teaching, and clinical mission of an academic medical center combined with service and administrative tasks...
January 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288116/a-study-on-outcome-of-binding-pancreaticogastrostomy-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-prospective-study
#16
Dronacharya Routh, Nishant Pathak, C S Naidu, A K Singh, P P Rao, Priya Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: The type of anastomosis of the pancreas following pancreaticoduodenectomy is often attributed to the reason for pancreatic leak. Results of various randomized trials comparing pancreaticojejunostomy and pancreaticogastrostomy are conflicting one suggesting advantage over the other and vice versa. In this study we intend to critically analyze a novel technique of binding pancreaticogastrostomy following pancreaticoduodenectomy. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to see the outcome of binding pancreaticogastrostomy by evaluating the technical aspects of binding PG and study the incidence of post-operative complications...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287852/low-set-ears-and-associated-anomalies-in-human-foetuses
#17
Alfredo Nuñez-Castruita, Norberto López-Serna
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of low-set ears (LSE) in a group of human foetuses, to analyse the associated anomalies, and to review the development mechanisms possibly involved. METHODS: A total of 1759 human foetuses from spontaneous abortion were evaluated. Foetuses were obtained from the Foetuses and Embryos Collection of the Embryology Department of the Faculty of Medicine of the Autonomous University of Nuevo León. The Ethics Committee gave its approval for this study (EH-230-16)...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283871/resources-for-educating-training-and-mentoring-all-physicians-providing-palliative-care
#18
James Downar
This article presents a rapid review of the published literature and available resources for educating Canadian physicians to provide palliative and end-of-life care. Several key messages emerge from the review. First, there are many palliative care educational resources already available for Canadian physicians. Second, the many palliative care education resources are often not used in physician training. Third, we know that some palliative care educational interventions are inexpensive and scalable, while others are costly and time-consuming; we know very little about which palliative care educational interventions impact physician behavior and patient care...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282163/development-and-evaluation-of-a-six-day-training-program-in-supportive-oncology-research
#19
William F Pirl, Joseph A Greer, Elyse Park, Steven A Safren, Lauren Fields, Lisa Wood, Lara Traeger, Areej El-Jawahri, Bradley Zebrack, Jennifer S Temel
OBJECTIVE: Early career investigators have few opportunities for targeted training in supportive oncology research. To address this need, we developed, implemented, and evaluated an intensive, six-day workshop on methods in supportive oncology research for trainees and junior faculty across multiple disciplines. METHOD: A multidisciplinary team of supportive oncology researchers developed a workshop patterned after the clinical trials workshop offered jointly by the American Society of Clinical Oncology and American Association of Cancer Research...
December 28, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282046/evaluation-of-pharmacodynamic-properties-and-safety-of-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-ceylon-cinnamon-in-healthy-adults-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#20
Priyanga Ranasinghe, Ranil Jayawardena, Shehani Pigera, Wasundara Sevwandi Wathurapatha, Hasitha Dhananjaya Weeratunga, G A Sirimal Premakumara, Prasad Katulanda, Godwin Roger Constantine, Priyadarshani Galappaththy
BACKGROUND: Cinnamon is considered as a treatment for many ailments in native medicine. Evidence suggests that Cinnamomum zeylanicum (CZ) has anti-microbial, anti-parasitic, anti-oxidant, blood glucose lowering properties and beneficial cardiovascular effects. The present study aims to evaluate Pharmacodynamic properties and safety of CZ in healthy adults using a Phase I Clinical Trial. METHODS: This phase I clinical trial was conducted at the Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka...
December 28, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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