Read by QxMD icon Read

Malarial protein

Mathieu Gendrot, Francis Tsombeng Foguim, Marie Gladys Robert, Rémy Amalvict, Joel Mosnier, Nicolas Benoit, Marylin Madamet, Bruno Pradines
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium falciparum resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy has emerged and spread in Southeast Asia. In areas where artemisinin resistance is emerging, the efficacy of combination is now based on partner drugs. In this context, the identification of novel markers of resistance is essential to monitor the emergence and spread of resistance to these partner drugs. The ubiquitylation pathway could be a possible target for anti-malarial compounds and might be involved in resistance...
March 12, 2018: Malaria Journal
Carolina Agop-Nersesian, Livia Niklaus, Rahel Wacker, Volker Heussler
Recent years have witnessed a great gain in knowledge regarding parasite-host cell interactions during Plasmodium liver stage development. It is now an accepted fact that a large percentage of sporozoite invading a hepatocyte fail to form infectious merozoites. There appears to be a delicate balance between parasite survival and elimination and we now start to understand why this is so. Plasmodium liver stages replicate within the parasitophorous vacuole (PV), formed during invasion by invagination of the host cell plasma membrane...
February 26, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Marco J Haenssgen, Nutcha Charoenboon, Thomas Althaus, Rachel C Greer, Daranee Intralawan, Yoel Lubell
New and affordable point-of-care testing (POCT) solutions are hoped to guide antibiotic prescription and to help limit antimicrobial resistance (AMR)-especially in low- and middle-income countries where resource constraints often prevent extensive diagnostic testing. Anthropological and sociological research has illuminated the role and impact of rapid point-of-care malaria testing. This paper expands our knowledge about the social implications of non-malarial POCT, using the case study of a C-reactive-protein point-of-care testing (CRP POCT) clinical trial with febrile patients at primary-care-level health centres in Chiang Rai province, northern Thailand...
February 23, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Bo Huang, Fei Tuo, Yuan Liang, Wanting Wu, Guangchao Wu, Shiguang Huang, Qirun Zhong, Xin-Zhuan Su, Hongying Zhang, Mingqiang Li, Affane Bacar, Kamal Said Abdallah, Ahamada M S A Mliva, Qi Wang, Zhaoli Yang, Shaoqin Zheng, Qin Xu, Jianping Song, Changsheng Deng
BACKGROUND: Malaria is still one of the serious public health problems in Grande Comore Island, although the number of annual cases has been greatly reduced in recent years. A better understanding of malaria parasite population diversity and transmission dynamics is critical for assessing the effectiveness of malaria control measures. The objective of this study is to investigate temporal changes in genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum populations and multiplicity of infection (MOI) in Grande Comore 10 years after introduction of ACT...
February 20, 2018: Malaria Journal
Hoan Vu, Liliana Pedro, Tin Mak, Brendan McCormick, Jessica Rowley, Miaomiao Liu, Angela Di Capua, Billy Williams-Noonan, Ngoc B Pham, Rebecca H Pouwer, Bao Nguyen, Katherine T Andrews, Tina Skinner-Adams, Jessica Kim, Wim G J Hol, Raymond Hui, Gregory J Crowther, Wesley C Van Voorhis, Ronald J Quinn
Natural products are well known for their biological relevance, high degree of three-dimensionality and access to areas of largely unexplored chemical space. To shape our understanding on the interaction between natural products and protein targets in the post-genomic era, we have used native mass spectrometry to investigate 62 potential protein targets for malaria using a natural product-based fragment library. We reveal here 97 low molecular natural products identified as binding partners of 32 of the putative malarial targets...
February 13, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
Baozhen Zhang, Guogang Cheng, Mingbin Zheng, Jinyu Han, Baobei Wang, Mengxia Li, Jie Chen, Tianxia Xiao, Jian Zhang, Lintao Cai, Shoujun Li, Xiujun Fan
Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) can result from the over-proliferation of trophoblasts. Treatment of choriocarcinoma, the most aggressive GTN, currently requires high doses of systemic chemotherapeutic agents, which result in indiscriminate drug distribution and severe toxicity. To overcome these disadvantages and enhance the chemotherapeutic efficacy, chondroitin sulfate A (CSA)-binding nanoparticles were developed for the targeted delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) to choriocarcinoma cells using a synthetic CSA-binding peptide (CSA-BP), derived from malarial protein, which specifically binds to the CSA exclusively expressed in the placental trophoblast...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Priyanka Barua, Upeksha P Chandrasiri, James G Beeson, Kathryn G Dewey, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn, Stephen J Rogerson
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that suggests that undernutrition has a detrimental effect on malarial immunity in children. The aim of the study was to discover whether nutrient supplementation improved development of malarial antibody immunity in children up to 18 months of age. METHODS: The study was conducted with a subset of 432 Malawian children from a randomized controlled trial of nutritional supplements. The arms included pre- and postnatal small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements for both mother and child; prenatal supplementation with iron and folic acid; and pre- and postnatal supplementation with multiple micronutrients...
February 7, 2018: Malaria Journal
DeokBeom Jung, Ashwani Khurana, Debarshi Roy, Eleftheria Kalogera, Jamie Bakkum-Gamez, Jeremy Chien, Viji Shridhar
We have previously shown that the anti-malarial compound Quinacrine (QC) inhibits ovarian cancer (OC) growth by modulating autophagy. In the present study we extended these studies to identify the molecular pathways regulated by QC to promote apoptosis independent of p53 status in OC. QC exhibited strong anti-cancer properties in OC cell lines in contrast to other anti-malarial autophagy inhibiting drugs. QC treatment selectively upregulated cell cycle inhibitor p21, and downregulated F box protein Skp2 and p62/SQSTM1 expression independent of p53 status...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Manickam Yogavel, Rini Chaturvedi, Palak Babbar, Nipun Malhotra, Vitul Jain, Amit Sharma
Malaria remains a major infectious disease and, despite incidence reduction, it threatens resurgence in drug-resistant forms. Antimalarial drugs remain the mainstay of therapeutic options and hence there is a constant need to identify and validate new druggable targets. Plasmodium falciparum aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (Pf-aaRSs) drive protein translation and are potent targets for development of next-generation antimalarials. Here, we detail advances made in structural-biology-based investigations in Pf-aaRSs and discuss their distribution of druggable pockets...
February 2, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
Ousmane Sy, El Hadji Amadou Niang, Magatte Ndiaye, Lassana Konaté, Abdoulaye Diallo, Elhadji Conco Ciré Ba, Fassiath Tairou, Elhadji Diouf, Badara Cissé, Oumar Gaye, Ousmane Faye
BACKGROUND: Scaling-up of effective anti-malarial control strategies in Central-West region of Senegal has resulted in the sharp decline in malaria prevalence in this area. However, despite these strategies, residual malaria transmission has been observed in some villages (hot spots). The objective of this study was to assess the impact of indoor residual spraying (IRS) with pirimiphos-methyl on malaria transmission in hot spot areas. METHODS: The malaria vector population dynamics were monitored in each of the six selected villages (4 of which used IRS, 2 were unsprayed control areas) using overnight human landing catches (HLC) and pyrethrum spray catches (PSC)...
February 5, 2018: Malaria Journal
Lei Xue, Wei-Jie Zhang, Qing-Xia Fan, Liu-Xing Wang
Previous studies have demonstrated that Licochalcone A possesses anti-inflammatory, anticancer, anti-bacterial, anti-malarial and anti-parasitic activities. In the present study the potential anticancer effects of Licochalcone A on MCF-7 cells were investigated. Licochalcone A significantly decreased cell viability and promoted autophagy and apoptosis, as demonstrated by an MTT assay, acridine orange staining and Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate staining, respectively. Western blot analyses demonstrated that Licochalcone A treatment activated the LC3-II signaling pathway while suppressing the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/RAC-α serine-threonine-protein kinase (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Matt Ravenhall, Susana Campino, Nuno Sepúlveda, Alphaxard Manjurano, Behzad Nadjm, George Mtove, Hannah Wangai, Caroline Maxwell, Raimos Olomi, Hugh Reyburn, Christopher J Drakeley, Eleanor M Riley, Taane G Clark
Significant selection pressure has been exerted on the genomes of human populations exposed to Plasmodium falciparum infection, resulting in the acquisition of mechanisms of resistance against severe malarial disease. Many host genetic factors, including sickle cell trait, have been associated with reduced risk of developing severe malaria, but do not account for all of the observed phenotypic variation. Identification of novel inherited risk factors relies upon high-resolution genome-wide association studies (GWAS)...
January 2018: PLoS Genetics
K A Sala, F Angrisano, D F Da, I J Taylor, T S Churcher, A M Blagborough
An anti-malarial transmission blocking vaccine (TBV) would be an important tool for disease control or elimination, though current candidates have failed to induce high efficacy in clinical studies. The ookinete surface protein P25 is a primary target for TBV development, but heterologous expression of P25 with appropriate conformation is problematic and a pre-requisite for achieving functional titers. A potential alternative to recombinant/sub-unit vaccine is immunization with a non-pathogenic, whole-parasite vaccine...
January 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sittiporn Pattaradilokrat, Chawinya Trakoolsoontorn, Phumin Simpalipan, Natapot Warrit, Morakot Kaewthamasorn, Pongchai Harnyuttanakorn
BACKGROUND: The glutamate-rich protein (GLURP) of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum is a key surface antigen that serves as a component of a clinical vaccine. Moreover, the GLURP gene is also employed routinely as a genetic marker for malarial genotyping in epidemiological studies. While extensive size polymorphisms in GLURP are well recorded, the extent of the sequence diversity of this gene is rarely investigated. The present study aimed to explore the genetic diversity of GLURP in natural populations of P...
January 22, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Zuowang Cheng, Ruixia Qi, Liqun Li, Qiang Liu, Wenqian Zhang, Xia Zhou, Dongmei Xu, Thaddeus D Allen, Silin Pan, Ju Liu
Sepsis, the systemic inflammatory responses after infection, remains a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. The anti-malarial agent dihydroartemisinin (DHA) has been shown to be anti-inflammatory. In this study, we examined the effects of DHA on sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) and explored the mechanism underlying its mode of action in AKI. In a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse model, we observed that DHA treatment ameliorated glomerular injury, and relieved elevation of the urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) and serum creatinine...
January 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Aishwarya Venkatramani, Clarisse G Ricci, Eric Oldfield, J Andrew McCammon
Malaria, mainly caused by Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, has been a growing cause of morbidity and mortality. P. falciparum is more lethal than is P. vivax, but there is a vital need for effective drugs against both species. Geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGPPS) is an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of quinones and in protein prenylation, and has been proposed to be a malaria drug target. However, the structure of P. falciparum GGPPS (PfGGPPS) has not been determined, due to difficulties in crystallization...
January 18, 2018: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
Jinfeng Lin, Xiaoying Huang, Gang Qin, Suyan Zhang, Weiwei Sun, Yadong Wang, Ke Ren, Junxian Xu, Xudong Han
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of exchange transfusion in patients with severe imported falciparum malaria. Twelve patients who met the diagnostic criteria for severe malaria were treated with exchange transfusion 14 times according to a conventional anti-malarial treatment. This study evaluated the efficacy of exchange transfusion for severe imported falciparum malaria. METHODS: Clinical data of severe imported falciparum malaria patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Nantong Third People's Hospital from January 2007 to December 2016 were investigated in this retrospective study...
January 16, 2018: Malaria Journal
Fangyuan Zhang, Lien Xiang, Qin Yu, Haoxing Zhang, Taixin Zhang, Junlan Zeng, Chen Geng, Ling Li, Xueqing Fu, Qian Shen, Chunxian Yang, Xiaozhong Lan, Min Chen, Kexuan Tang, Zhihua Liao
The plant Artemisia annua produces the anti-malarial compound artemisinin. Although the transcriptional regulation of artemisinin biosynthesis has been extensively studied, its post-translational regulatory mechanisms, especially that of protein phosphorylation, remain unknown. Here, we report that an ABA-responsive kinase (AaAPK1), a member of the SnRK2 family, is involved in regulating artemisinin biosynthesis. The physical interaction of AaAPK1 with AabZIP1 was confirmed by multiple assays, including yeast two-hybrid, bimolecular fluorescence complementation, and pull-down...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Alisha Geldert, Kenry, Chwee Teck Lim
There has been growing interest in the development of paper-based biosensors because their simplicity and low cost are attractive for point-of-care diagnosis, especially in low-resource areas. However, only a limited range of paper materials - primarily chromatography papers - have been incorporated into diagnostics thus far. Here, we investigate the performance of different types of paper in order to develop an aptamer- and MoS2 nanosheet-based sensor relying on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) to signal the presence of a target protein...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Fiona Angrisano, Katarzyna A Sala, Dari F Da, Yanjie Liu, Jimin Pei, Nick V Grishin, William J Snell, Andrew M Blagborough
Inhibiting transmission of Plasmodium is a central strategy in malarial eradication, and the biological process of gamete fusion during fertilization is a proven target for this approach. The lack of a structure or known molecular function of current anti-malarial vaccine targets has previously been a hindrance in the development of transmission-blocking vaccines. Structure/function studies have indicated that the conserved gamete membrane fusion protein HAP2 is a class II viral fusion protein. Here, we demonstrate that targeting a function-critical site of the fusion/cd loop with species-specific antibodies reduces Plasmodium berghei transmission in vivo by 58...
December 5, 2017: Cell Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"