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Peptic ji

Ling Hu, Wanqun Chen, Ming Cheng, Ting Zhang, Shaoyang Lan, Peiwu Li, Weijing Chen
To investigate the relationship of MUC1, MUC5AC, and the syndrome of spleen and stomach, 109 subjects (34 peptic ulcer (PU), 62 chronic gastritis (CG), and 13 healthy volunteers (CON)) were included. All the subjects included were surveyed with questionnaire to classify them into damp-heat syndrome of spleen and stomach (DHSS), spleen-qi deficiency syndrome (SQD), and CON, examined by gastric endoscope, and biopsied. Rapid urease and methylene blue staining (MBS) were performed on every subject to diagnose for Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection, and both were defined as Hp-positive...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Ki-Nam Shim, Jin Il Kim, Nayoung Kim, Sang Gyun Kim, Yun Ju Jo, Su Jin Hong, Jeong Eun Shin, Gwang Ha Kim, Kyung Sik Park, Suck Chei Choi, Joong Goo Kwon, Jie-Hyun Kim, Hyun Jin Kim, Ji Won Kim
Background/Aims: Irsogladine maleate, an enhancer of gastric mucosal protective factors, has demonstrated its efficacy for various gastric mucosal injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of irsogladine for prevention of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or aspirin-induced peptic ulcer and gastritis. Methods: In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, exploratory clinical trial, 100 patients over 50 years of age who needed continuous NSAIDs or aspirin for more than 8 weeks were randomly assigned to either test group (irsogladine maleate 2 mg, twice daily, 39 patients for full analysis) or placebo group (37 patients for full analysis)...
June 1, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Chung-Chi Lin, Yuan-Jen Wang, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Shih-Hao Young, Ping-Hsien Chen, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that uremia patients under hemodialysis (HD) have a significantly higher occurrence of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) than healthy controls and that elderly patients remain at high risk of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and PUB. Here we aimed to identify the risk factors for PUB in aging (≥65-years-old) uremic patients under regular HD. METHODS: Using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we compared 18,252 aging regular HD patients and 17,883 age-, gender-, and medication-matched patients without kidney disease (control group)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Tae-Han Kim, Ji-Ho Park, Sang-Ho Jeong, Jin-Kwon Lee, Seung-Jin Kwag, Ju-Yeon Kim, Woohyung Lee, Jung-Woo Woo, Jae Yool Jang, Eun-Jin Song, Taejin Park, Chi-Young Jeong, Young-Tae Ju, Eun-Jung Jung, Soon-Chan Hong, Sang-Kyung Choi, Woo-Song Ha, Young-Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic primary repair is one of the main procedures used for perforated gastric ulcers, and this technique requires reproducible and secure suturing. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of a novel continuous suture method with barbed sutures during laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data from 116 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcers were collected between November 2009 and October 2015...
February 22, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Xingshun Qi, Hongyu Li, Xiaodong Shao, Zhendong Liang, Xia Zhang, Ji Feng, Hao Lin, Xiaozhong Guo
Varices manifest as a major etiology of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with chronic liver diseases, such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. By contrast, non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding is rare. Pharmacological treatment differs between patients with variceal and non-variceal bleeding. Vasoconstrictors are recommended for the treatment of variceal bleeding, rather than non-variceal bleeding. In contrast, pump proton inhibitors are recommended for the treatment of non-variceal bleeding, rather than variceal bleeding...
December 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
Na-Kyung Han, Ye Ji Jeong, Bo-Jeong Pyun, Yoon-Jin Lee, Sung-Ho Kim, Hae-June Lee
Radiation-induced intestinal toxicity is common among cancer patients after radiotherapy. Endothelial cell dysfunction is believed to be a critical contributor to radiation tissue injury in the intestine. Geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) has been used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis. However, the protective capacity of GGA against radiation-induced intestinal injury has not been addressed. Therefore, we investigated whether GGA affects intestinal damage in mice and vascular endothelial cell damage in vitro...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Shih-Hao Young, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Yen-Ling Peng, Ping-Hsien Chen, Chung-Chi Lin, Wei-Ming Chen, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
Objective: Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (coxibs) are associated with less upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) than traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (tNSAIDs). However, they also increase the risk of UGIB in high-risk patients. We aimed to identify the risk factors of UGIB in coxibs users. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: 2000-2010 National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Subjects: Patients taking coxibs as the study group and patients not taking any coxibs as controls...
February 1, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Keda Shi, Zeren Shen, Guiqi Zhu, Fansheng Meng, Mengli Gu, Feng Ji
BACKGROUND: Adding a second endoscopic therapy to epinephrine injection might improve hemostatic efficacy in patients with high-risk bleeding ulcers but the optimum modality remains unknown. We aimed to estimate the comparative efficacy of different dual endoscopic therapies for the management of bleeding peptic ulcers through random-effects Bayesian network meta-analysis. METHODS: Different databases were searched for controlled trials comparing dual therapy versus epinephrine monotherapy or epinephrine combined with another second modality until September, 30 2016...
April 19, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
Jee Hyun Kim, Ji Hye Kim, Jaeyoung Chun, Changhyun Lee, Jong Pil Im, Joo Sung Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a life-threatening complication in critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of bedside endoscopy in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting, and to compare the outcomes of early endoscopy (within 24 hours of detecting GI bleeding) with late endoscopy (after 24 hours). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent bedside endoscopy for nonvariceal upper GI bleeding and lower GI bleeding that occurred after ICU admission at Seoul National University Hospital from January 2010 to May 2015...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Hae-Young Park, Ji-Won Park, Hong Ji Song, Hyun Soon Sohn, Jin-Won Kwon
Dementia is a major concern among growing chronic diseases in the aging society and its association with polypharmacy has not been adequately assessed. The objective of this study was to determine the association between polypharmacy and dementia through multiple statistical approaches. We conducted a nested case-control study for newly diagnosed dementia cases using the South Korean National Health Insurance Service sample cohort database (2002-2013, n = 1,025,340). Interactions between polypharmacy (an average use of ≥5 prescription drugs daily) and comorbidities or potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) were tested...
2017: PloS One
Ji-Hoon Song, Hae-Rim Lee, Soon-Mi Shim
The objectives of the current study were to determine S-methyl-L-methionine (SMM) from various Brassicaceae family vegetables by using validated analytical method and to characterize the intestinal transport mechanism of SMM by the Caco-2 cells. The SMM is well known to provide therapeutic activity in peptic ulcers. The amount of SMM from various Brassicaceae family vegetables ranged from 89.08 ± 1.68 μg/g to 535.98 ± 4.85 μg/g of dry weight by using validated ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry method...
January 2017: Journal of Food Science
Kuang-Wei Huang, Yi-Chun Kuan, Nai-Fang Chi, Yao-Hsien Huang, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Li-Nien Chien
BACKGROUND: The association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the risk of recurrent peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) remains unclear. In this study, we compared the risk of recurrent PUB between patients with and those without COPD. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we first selected patients newly diagnosed with PUB in 2002-2009. Two groups comprising 13,732 COPD cases and 13,732 non-COPD matched controls were created using propensity score matching, thereby making the differences in basic demographics, medication use, and disease conditions between the two groups negligible...
January 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Joo Hyun Lim, Sang Gyun Kim, Ji Hyun Song, Jae Jin Hwang, Dong Ho Lee, Jae Pil Han, Su Jin Hong, Ji Hyun Kim, Seong Woo Jeon, Gwang Ha Kim, Ki-Nam Shim, Woon Geon Shin, Tae Ho Kim, Sun Moon Kim, Il-Kwon Chung, Hyun-Soo Kim, Heung Up Kim, Joongyub Lee, Jae Gyu Kim
Background/Aims: The resistance rate of Helicobacter pylori is gradually increasing. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of levofloxacin-based third-line H. pylori eradication in peptic ulcer disease. Methods: Between 2002 and 2014, 110 patients in 14 medical centers received levofloxacin-based third-line H. pylori eradication therapy for peptic ulcer disease. Of these, 88 were included in the study; 21 were excluded because of lack of follow-up and one was excluded for poor compliance...
March 15, 2017: Gut and Liver
Zhuan Liao, Xi Hou, En-Qiang Lin-Hu, Jian-Qiu Sheng, Zhi-Zheng Ge, Bo Jiang, Xiao-Hua Hou, Ji-Yong Liu, Zhen Li, Qi-Yang Huang, Xiao-Jun Zhao, Na Li, Yun-Jie Gao, Yao Zhang, Jie-Qiong Zhou, Xin-Ying Wang, Jun Liu, Xiao-Ping Xie, Cong-Mei Yang, Hua-Lin Liu, Xiao-Tian Sun, Wen-Bin Zou, Zhao-Shen Li
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Diseases of the stomach, including gastric cancer and peptic ulcer, are the most common digestive diseases. It is impossible to visualize the entire stomach with the passive capsule currently used in practice because of the large size of the gastric cavity. A magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) system has been designed to explore the stomach. We performed a prospective study to compare the accuracy of detection of gastric focal lesions by MCE vs conventional gastroscopy (the standard method)...
September 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Zhi-Cheng Yang, Feng Yu, Yong-Qing Wang, Ji-Fu Wei
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are a group of gastric acid suppressing drugs, that are strong and long-lasting inhibitors of the proton pump (referred to as acid pump antagonists). They work by irreversibly blocking the H+/K+ ATPase. PPIs are used to treat peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced gastrointestinal lesions, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. The structure of PPIs are similar, they all have a similar core with a sulphur atom chiral center combined with different substituent groups...
March 22, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
Dongyang Liu, Hong Yang, Ji Jiang, Péter Nagy, Kai Shen, Jiaming Qian, Pei Hu
Esomeprazole is one of the most commonly used drugs to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcers, but the quantitative relationships among the pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and pharmacogenomics (PG) of the drug are not fully understood in special patient populations. A clinical PK/PD/PG study of intravenous (IV) esomeprazole in 5 dosing regimens was conducted in 20 healthy Chinese volunteers, who were categorized into Helicobacter pylori (HP)-negative and HP-positive subgroups...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Dae Bum Kim, Woo Chul Chung, Seok Jong Lee, Hea Jung Sung, Seokyung Woo, Hyo Suk Kim, Yeon Oh Jeong, Hyewon Lee, Yeon-Ji Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Angiodysplasia is important in the differential diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), but the clinical features and outcomes associated with UGIB from angiodysplasia have not been characterized. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of angiodysplasia presented as UGIB. METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2013, a consecutive series of patients admitted with UGIB were retrospectively analyzed. Thirty-five patients with bleeding from angiodysplasia were enrolled...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Yan-Rong Zhao, Yan Zhou, Gang Lin, Wei-Jian Hu, Ji-Mei Du
BACKGROUND: Persistent Helicobacter pylori infection confers an increased risk for serious illnesses such as peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. Various cytokines are involved in the regulation of inflammatory immune response in H. pylori-infected gastric mucosa. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to obtain evidence regarding the association between IL-17, IL-8 and IL-18 expression in peripheral blood and H. pylori infection in Mongolian gerbils. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mongolian gerbils were inoculated with H...
August 2015: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Yen-Ling Peng, Tseng-Shing Chen, Teh-Ia Huo, Ming-Chih Hou, Hui-Chun Huang, Han-Chieh Lin, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Although clopidogrel does not cause gastric mucosal injury, it does not prevent peptic ulcer recurrence in high-risk patients. We explored whether clopidogrel delays gastric ulcer healing via inhibiting angiogenesis and to elucidate the possible mechanisms. METHODS: Gastric ulcers were induced in Sprague Dawley rats, and ulcer healing and angiogenesis of ulcer margin were compared between clopidogrel-treated rats and controls. The expressions of the proangiogenic growth factors and their receptors including basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), bFGF receptor (FGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGFR1, VEGFR2, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)A, PDGFB, PDGFR A, PDGFR B, and phosphorylated form of mitogenic activated protein kinase pathways over the ulcer margin were compared via western blot and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...
September 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Woo Chul Chung, Eun Jung Jeon, Dae Bum Kim, Hea Jung Sung, Yeon-Ji Kim, Eun Sun Lim, Min-Ah Kim, Jung Hwan Oh
AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of idiopathic Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-negative and drug-negative] peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). METHODS: A consecutive series of patients who experienced PUB between 2006 and 2012 was retrospectively analyzed. A total of 232 patients were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into four groups according to the etiologies of PUB: idiopathic, H. pylori-associated, drug-induced and combined (H...
July 28, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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