Read by QxMD icon Read

Peptic ji

Na-Kyung Han, Ye Ji Jeong, Bo-Jeong Pyun, Yoon-Jin Lee, Sung-Ho Kim, Hae-June Lee
Radiation-induced intestinal toxicity is common among cancer patients after radiotherapy. Endothelial cell dysfunction is believed to be a critical contributor to radiation tissue injury in the intestine. Geranylgeranylacetone (GGA) has been used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis. However, the protective capacity of GGA against radiation-induced intestinal injury has not been addressed. Therefore, we investigated whether GGA affects intestinal damage in mice and vascular endothelial cell damage in vitro...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Shih-Hao Young, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Yen-Ling Peng, Ping-Hsien Chen, Chung-Chi Lin, Wei-Ming Chen, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
Objective.:  Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors (coxibs) are associated with less upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) than traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (tNSAIDs). However, they also increase the risk of UGIB in high-risk patients. We aimed to identify the risk factors of UGIB in coxibs users. Design. : Retrospective cohort study. Setting. : 2000-2010 National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. Subjects...
April 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Keda Shi, Zeren Shen, Guiqi Zhu, Fansheng Meng, Mengli Gu, Feng Ji
BACKGROUND: Adding a second endoscopic therapy to epinephrine injection might improve hemostatic efficacy in patients with high-risk bleeding ulcers but the optimum modality remains unknown. We aimed to estimate the comparative efficacy of different dual endoscopic therapies for the management of bleeding peptic ulcers through random-effects Bayesian network meta-analysis. METHODS: Different databases were searched for controlled trials comparing dual therapy versus epinephrine monotherapy or epinephrine combined with another second modality until September, 30 2016...
April 19, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
Jee Hyun Kim, Ji Hye Kim, Jaeyoung Chun, Changhyun Lee, Jong Pil Im, Joo Sung Kim
Background/Aims: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a life-threatening complication in critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of bedside endoscopy in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting, and to compare the outcomes of early endoscopy (within 24 hours of detecting GI bleeding) with late endoscopy (after 24 hours). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent bedside endoscopy for nonvariceal upper GI bleeding and lower GI bleeding that occurred after ICU admission at Seoul National University Hospital from January 2010 to May 2015...
March 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Hae-Young Park, Ji-Won Park, Hong Ji Song, Hyun Soon Sohn, Jin-Won Kwon
Dementia is a major concern among growing chronic diseases in the aging society and its association with polypharmacy has not been adequately assessed. The objective of this study was to determine the association between polypharmacy and dementia through multiple statistical approaches. We conducted a nested case-control study for newly diagnosed dementia cases using the South Korean National Health Insurance Service sample cohort database (2002-2013, n = 1,025,340). Interactions between polypharmacy (an average use of ≥5 prescription drugs daily) and comorbidities or potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) were tested...
2017: PloS One
Ji-Hoon Song, Hae-Rim Lee, Soon-Mi Shim
The objectives of the current study were to determine S-methyl-L-methionine (SMM) from various Brassicaceae family vegetables by using validated analytical method and to characterize the intestinal transport mechanism of SMM by the Caco-2 cells. The SMM is well known to provide therapeutic activity in peptic ulcers. The amount of SMM from various Brassicaceae family vegetables ranged from 89.08 ± 1.68 μg/g to 535.98 ± 4.85 μg/g of dry weight by using validated ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry method...
January 2017: Journal of Food Science
Kuang-Wei Huang, Yi-Chun Kuan, Nai-Fang Chi, Yao-Hsien Huang, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Li-Nien Chien
BACKGROUND: The association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the risk of recurrent peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) remains unclear. In this study, we compared the risk of recurrent PUB between patients with and those without COPD. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we first selected patients newly diagnosed with PUB in 2002-2009. Two groups comprising 13,732 COPD cases and 13,732 non-COPD matched controls were created using propensity score matching, thereby making the differences in basic demographics, medication use, and disease conditions between the two groups negligible...
January 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Joo Hyun Lim, Sang Gyun Kim, Ji Hyun Song, Jae Jin Hwang, Dong Ho Lee, Jae Pil Han, Su Jin Hong, Ji Hyun Kim, Seong Woo Jeon, Gwang Ha Kim, Ki-Nam Shim, Woon Geon Shin, Tae Ho Kim, Sun Moon Kim, Il-Kwon Chung, Hyun-Soo Kim, Heung Up Kim, Joongyub Lee, Jae Gyu Kim
Background/Aims: The resistance rate of Helicobacter pylori is gradually increasing. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of levofloxacin-based third-line H. pylori eradication in peptic ulcer disease. Methods: Between 2002 and 2014, 110 patients in 14 medical centers received levofloxacin-based third-line H. pylori eradication therapy for peptic ulcer disease. Of these, 88 were included in the study; 21 were excluded because of lack of follow-up and one was excluded for poor compliance...
March 15, 2017: Gut and Liver
Zhuan Liao, Xi Hou, En-Qiang Lin-Hu, Jian-Qiu Sheng, Zhi-Zheng Ge, Bo Jiang, Xiao-Hua Hou, Ji-Yong Liu, Zhen Li, Qi-Yang Huang, Xiao-Jun Zhao, Na Li, Yun-Jie Gao, Yao Zhang, Jie-Qiong Zhou, Xin-Ying Wang, Jun Liu, Xiao-Ping Xie, Cong-Mei Yang, Hua-Lin Liu, Xiao-Tian Sun, Wen-Bin Zou, Zhao-Shen Li
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Diseases of the stomach, including gastric cancer and peptic ulcer, are the most common digestive diseases. It is impossible to visualize the entire stomach with the passive capsule currently used in practice because of the large size of the gastric cavity. A magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) system has been designed to explore the stomach. We performed a prospective study to compare the accuracy of detection of gastric focal lesions by MCE vs conventional gastroscopy (the standard method)...
September 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Zhi-Cheng Yang, Feng Yu, Yong-Qing Wang, Ji-Fu Wei
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are a group of gastric acid suppressing drugs, that are strong and long-lasting inhibitors of the proton pump (referred to as acid pump antagonists). They work by irreversibly blocking the H+/K+ ATPase. PPIs are used to treat peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced gastrointestinal lesions, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. The structure of PPIs are similar, they all have a similar core with a sulphur atom chiral center combined with different substituent groups...
March 22, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
Dongyang Liu, Hong Yang, Ji Jiang, Péter Nagy, Kai Shen, Jiaming Qian, Pei Hu
Esomeprazole is one of the most commonly used drugs to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcers, but the quantitative relationships among the pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and pharmacogenomics (PG) of the drug are not fully understood in special patient populations. A clinical PK/PD/PG study of intravenous (IV) esomeprazole in 5 dosing regimens was conducted in 20 healthy Chinese volunteers, who were categorized into Helicobacter pylori (HP)-negative and HP-positive subgroups...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Dae Bum Kim, Woo Chul Chung, Seok Jong Lee, Hea Jung Sung, Seokyung Woo, Hyo Suk Kim, Yeon Oh Jeong, Hyewon Lee, Yeon-Ji Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Angiodysplasia is important in the differential diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), but the clinical features and outcomes associated with UGIB from angiodysplasia have not been characterized. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of angiodysplasia presented as UGIB. METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2013, a consecutive series of patients admitted with UGIB were retrospectively analyzed. Thirty-five patients with bleeding from angiodysplasia were enrolled...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Yan-Rong Zhao, Yan Zhou, Gang Lin, Wei-Jian Hu, Ji-Mei Du
BACKGROUND: Persistent Helicobacter pylori infection confers an increased risk for serious illnesses such as peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. Various cytokines are involved in the regulation of inflammatory immune response in H. pylori-infected gastric mucosa. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to obtain evidence regarding the association between IL-17, IL-8 and IL-18 expression in peripheral blood and H. pylori infection in Mongolian gerbils. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mongolian gerbils were inoculated with H...
August 2015: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Yen-Ling Peng, Tseng-Shing Chen, Teh-Ia Huo, Ming-Chih Hou, Hui-Chun Huang, Han-Chieh Lin, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Although clopidogrel does not cause gastric mucosal injury, it does not prevent peptic ulcer recurrence in high-risk patients. We explored whether clopidogrel delays gastric ulcer healing via inhibiting angiogenesis and to elucidate the possible mechanisms. METHODS: Gastric ulcers were induced in Sprague Dawley rats, and ulcer healing and angiogenesis of ulcer margin were compared between clopidogrel-treated rats and controls. The expressions of the proangiogenic growth factors and their receptors including basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), bFGF receptor (FGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGFR1, VEGFR2, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)A, PDGFB, PDGFR A, PDGFR B, and phosphorylated form of mitogenic activated protein kinase pathways over the ulcer margin were compared via western blot and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...
September 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Woo Chul Chung, Eun Jung Jeon, Dae Bum Kim, Hea Jung Sung, Yeon-Ji Kim, Eun Sun Lim, Min-Ah Kim, Jung Hwan Oh
AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of idiopathic Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-negative and drug-negative] peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). METHODS: A consecutive series of patients who experienced PUB between 2006 and 2012 was retrospectively analyzed. A total of 232 patients were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into four groups according to the etiologies of PUB: idiopathic, H. pylori-associated, drug-induced and combined (H...
July 28, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Shin Na, Ji Yong Ahn, Kee Don Choi, Mi-Young Kim, Jeong Hoon Lee, Kwi-Sook Choi, Do Hoon Kim, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Hwoon-Yong Jung, Jin-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Forrest classification is a valid tool to predict rebleeding rate in peptic ulcer, not in post-endoscopic resection ulcer. We evaluated the delayed bleeding rate in Forrest classification II and III lesions when they were not treated in second-look endoscopy. METHODS: Between July 2011 and February 2012, 706 lesions in 656 consecutive patients who underwent second-look endoscopy performed on the second day after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) were prospectively investigated...
October 2015: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Ji-Myoung Lee, Seon-Young Park, Jung-Ho Choi, Uh-Jin Kim, Soo-Jung Rew, Jae Yeong Cho, Youngkeun Ahn, Sung-Wook Lim, Chung-Hwan Jun, Chang-Hwan Park, Hyun-Soo Kim, Sung-Kyu Choi, Jong-Sun Rew
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is often performed therapeutically, and antithrombotic treatment is required for at least 12 months after stent implantation. However, the development of post-PCI upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) increases morbidity and mortality. We investigated the incidence and risk factors for UGIB in Korean patients within 1 year after PCI. METHODS: The medical records of 3,541 patients who had undergone PCI between January 2006 and June 2012 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 2016: Gut and Liver
Ji-Hyun Kim, Hyung-Min Chin, You-Jin Bae, Kyong-Hwa Jun
BACKGROUND: Precise patient selection criteria are necessary to guide the surgeon in selecting laparoscopic repair for patients with perforated peptic ulcers. The aims of this study are to report surgical outcomes after surgery for perforated duodenal ulcers and identify risk factors for predicting failure of laparoscopic simple closure for perforated duodenal ulcer. METHODS: In total, 77 patients who underwent laparoscopic simple closure for perforated duodenal ulcers from January 2007 to September 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
March 2015: International Journal of Surgery
Ji Hyuk Kang, Yun Jeong Lim, Jung Hyun Kang, Jae Nam Yang, Seung Min Shin, Jae Hyeuk Choi, Jin Ho Lee
Aims. Gastric cancer is the second most prevalent cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Korea. The National Cancer Screening Program (NCSP) has implemented esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) biennially for all Koreans starting in their 40s. This study was conducted to estimate the clinical relevance of NCSP through identifying the prevalence of gastric disease, including cancer. Materials and Methods. Data from 40,821 subjects who received the screening EGD in the single center for 7 years were retrospectively investigated...
2015: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Lifang Zhou, Fuju Zhao, Binjie Hu, Yi Fang, Yingxin Miao, Yiqin Huang, Da'nian Ji, Jinghao Zhang, Lingli Xu, Yanmei Zhang, Zhijun Bao, Hu Zhao
BACKGROUND: Currently, several diagnostic assays for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are available, but each has some limitations. Further, a high-flux quantitative assay is required to assist clinical diagnosis and monitor the effectiveness of therapy and novel vaccine candidates. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-seven adult patients [nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD) 295, peptic ulcer disease (PUD) 77, gastric cancer (GC) 15] were enrolled for gastrointestinal endoscopies...
October 2015: Helicobacter
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"