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exome hierarchical clustering

Jeong-Sun Seo, Ji Won Lee, Ahreum Kim, Jong-Yeon Shin, Yoo Jin Jung, Sae Bom Lee, Yoon Ho Kim, Samina Park, Hyun Joo Lee, In-Kyu Park, Chang Hyun Kang, Ji-Young Yun, Jihye Kim, Young T Kim
The immune microenvironment in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is not well understood, with interactions between the host immune system and the tumor, as well as the molecular pathogenesis of LUSC, awaiting better characterization. To date, no molecularly targeted agents have been developed for LUSC treatment. Identification of predictive and prognostic biomarkers for LUSC could help optimize therapy decisions. We sequenced whole exomes and RNA from 101 tumors and matched noncancer control Korean samples...
May 2, 2018: Cancer Immunology Research
Tyler J Moss, Yuan Qi, Liu Xi, Bo Peng, Tae-Beom Kim, Nader E Ezzedine, Maribel E Mosqueda, Charles C Guo, Bogdan A Czerniak, Michael Ittmann, David A Wheeler, Seth P Lerner, Surena F Matin
BACKGROUND: Upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) may have unique etiologic and genomic factors compared to bladder cancer. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the genomic landscape of UTUC and provide insights into its biology using comprehensive integrated genomic analyses. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We collected 31 untreated snap-frozen UTUC samples from two institutions and carried out whole-exome sequencing (WES) of DNA, RNA sequencing (RNAseq), and protein analysis...
June 7, 2017: European Urology
Neema Jamshidi, Daniel J Margolis, Steven Raman, Jiaoti Huang, Robert E Reiter, Michael D Kuo
Purpose To assess the underlying genomic variation of prostate gland microenvironments of patients with prostate adenocarcinoma in the context of colocalized multiparametric magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and histopathologic assessment of normal and abnormal regions by using whole-exome sequencing. Materials and Methods Six patients with prostate adenocarcinoma who underwent robotic prostatectomy with whole-mount preservation of the prostate were identified, which enabled spatial mapping between preoperative multiparametric MR imaging and the gland...
July 2017: Radiology
N Pécuchet, T Vieira, N Rabbe, M Antoine, H Blons, J Cadranel, P Laurent-Puig, M Wislez
Background: Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (SC) is a rare disease with poor prognosis and with strong inter- and intratumor heterogeneity. However, molecular classification is currently focused on activating MET mutations. We sought to better characterize the molecular diversity of SC using mutational signatures that reflect different mutational processes, such as tobacco-associated adducts (signature 4), BRCA1/BRCA2 deficiency (signature 3), or APOBEC enzyme deamination (signatures 2 and 13)...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Marketa Zaliova, Michaela Kotrova, Silvia Bresolin, Jan Stuchly, Jan Stary, Ondrej Hrusak, Geertruy Te Kronnie, Jan Trka, Jan Zuna, Martina Vaskova
We have shown previously that ETV6/RUNX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is distinguishable from other ALL subtypes by CD27(pos) /CD44(low-neg) immunophenotype. During diagnostic immunophenotyping of 573 childhood B-cell precursor ALL (BCP-ALL), we identified eight cases with this immunophenotype among "B-other ALL" (BCP-ALL cases negative for routinely tested chromosomal/genetic aberrations). We aimed to elucidate whether these cases belong to the recently described ETV6/RUNX1-like ALL defined by the ETV6/RUNX1-specific gene expression profile (GEP), harboring concurrent ETV6 and IKZF1 lesions...
August 2017: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
Daysha Ferrer-Torres, Derek J Nancarrow, Rork Kuick, Dafydd G Thomas, Ernest Nadal, Jules Lin, Andrew C Chang, Rishindra M Reddy, Mark B Orringer, Jeremy M G Taylor, Thomas D Wang, David G Beer
The current high mortality rate of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) reflects frequent presentation at an advanced stage. Recent efforts utilizing fluorescent peptides have identified overexpressed cell surface targets for endoscopic detection of early stage Barrett's-derived EAC. Unfortunately, 30% of EAC patients present with gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinomas (GEJAC) and lack premalignant Barrett's metaplasia, limiting this early detection strategy. We compared mRNA profiles from 52 EACs (tubular EAC; tEAC) collected above the gastroesophageal junction with 70 GEJACs, 8 normal esophageal and 5 normal gastric mucosa samples...
August 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Valentina Montagnani, Matteo Benelli, Alessandro Apollo, Chiara Pescucci, Danilo Licastro, Carmelo Urso, Gianni Gerlini, Lorenzo Borgognoni, Lucio Luzzatto, Barbara Stecca
Cutaneous melanoma is one of the most aggressive type of skin tumor. Early stage melanoma can be often cured by surgery; therefore current management guidelines dictate a different approach for thin (<1mm) versus thick (>4mm) melanomas. We have carried out whole-exome sequencing in 5 thin and 5 thick fresh-frozen primary cutaneous melanomas. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis of somatic copy number alterations (SCNAs) identified two groups corresponding to thin and thick melanomas. The most striking difference between them was the much greater abundance of SCNAs in thick melanomas, whereas mutation frequency did not significantly change between the two groups...
May 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Marcin M Gorski, Kevin Blighe, Luca A Lotta, Emanuela Pappalardo, Isabella Garagiola, Ilaria Mancini, Maria Elisa Mancuso, Maria Rosaria Fasulo, Elena Santagostino, Flora Peyvandi
The development of neutralizing antibodies (inhibitors) against coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) is the most problematic and costly complication of FVIII replacement therapy that affects up to 30% of previously untreated patients with severe hemophilia A. The development of inhibitors is a multifactorial complication involving environmental and genetic factors. Among the latter, F8 gene mutations, ethnicity, family history of inhibitors, and polymorphisms affecting genes involved in the immune response have been previously investigated...
June 9, 2016: Blood
Julien Calderaro, Julien Masliah-Planchon, Wilfrid Richer, Laetitia Maillot, Pascale Maille, Ludovic Mansuy, Claire Bastien, Alexandre de la Taille, Hélène Boussion, Cécile Charpy, Anne Jourdain, Claire Bléchet, Gaelle Pierron, David Gentien, Laurence Choudat, Christophe Tournigand, Olivier Delattre, Yves Allory, Franck Bourdeaut
BACKGROUND: Renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) is a rare and highly aggressive neoplasm that most often occurs in the setting of sickle cell trait or sickle cell disease (SCD). Most patients present with metastatic disease resistant to conventional chemotherapy, and therefore there is an urgent need for molecular insight to propose new therapies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the molecular alterations and oncogenic pathways that drive RMC development. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A series of five frozen samples of patients with RMC was investigated by means of gene expression profiling, array comparative genomic hybridization, and RNA and whole exome sequencing (WES)...
June 2016: European Urology
Yanfeng Zhang, Bingshan Li, Chun Li, Qiuyin Cai, Wei Zheng, Jirong Long
In large scale population-based whole-exome sequencing (WES) studies, there are some samples occasionally sequenced two or more times due to a variety of reasons. To investigate how to efficiently utilize these duplicated sequencing data, we conducted comprehensive evaluation of variant calling strategies. 92 samples subjected to WES twice were selected from a large population study. These 92 duplicated samples were divided into two groups: group H consisting of the higher sequencing depth for each subject and group L consisting of the lower depth for each subject...
2014: BioMed Research International
Sun Young Lee, Farhan Haq, Deokhoon Kim, Cui Jun, Hui-Jong Jo, Sung-Min Ahn, Won-Suk Lee
Approximately 50% of patients with primary colorectal carcinoma develop liver metastases. Understanding the genetic differences between primary colon cancer and their metastases to the liver is essential for devising a better therapeutic approach for this disease. We performed whole exome sequencing and copy number analysis for 15 triplets, each comprising normal colorectal tissue, primary colorectal carcinoma, and its synchronous matched liver metastasis. We analyzed the similarities and differences between primary colorectal carcinoma and matched liver metastases in regards to somatic mutations and somatic copy number alterationss...
2014: PloS One
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