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Charcot osteo

Ashu Rastogi, Anish Bhattacharya, Mahesh Prakash, Sarika Sharma, Bhagwant R Mittal, Niranjan Khandelwal, Anil Bhansali
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) is difficult to diagnose in the presence of Charcot's neuroarthropathy (CN) and bone biopsy is not always possible. We aimed to assess the efficacy of PET/computed tomography using F-fluoride (F-fluoride PET/CT) and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-labeled autologous leukocytes (F-FDG-LL PET/CT) in comparison with contrast-enhanced MRI (CEMRI) for the detection of DFO. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with chronic CN and foot ulcer suspected of having DFO were prospectively evaluated...
October 4, 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Dane K Wukich, Kimberlee B Hobizal, Tresa L Sambenedetto, Kristin Kirby, Bedda L Rosario
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the outcomes of patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) compared to diabetic foot soft tissue infections (STIs). METHODS: 229 patients who were hospitalized with foot infections were retrospectively reviewed, identifying 155 patients with DFO and 74 patients with STI. Primary outcomes evaluated were the rates of amputations and length of hospital stay. DFO was confirmed by the presence of positive bone culture and/or histopathology...
August 22, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Luke N Ledbetter, Karen L Salzman, R Kent Sanders, Lubdha M Shah
Spinal neuroarthropathy (SNA), or Charcot spine, is a progressive destructive arthropathy occurring after loss of neuroprotective sensation and proprioceptive reflexes. Clinical diagnosis is difficult because of the variable length to presentation after initial neurologic damage and the limited symptoms given preexisting neurologic deficits. SNA is also a diagnostic challenge because its imaging features are similar to those of spinal conditions such as discitis-osteomyelitis, osseous tuberculosis, hemodialysis-related spondyloarthropathy, and pseudarthrosis...
May 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Luca Dalla Paola, Anna Carone, Marco Baglioni, Giulio Boscarino, Lucian Vasilache
AIMS: Charcot neuropathic osteoarthropathy (CN) represents a complication for diabetic patients which involves a progressive alteration of the osteoarticular apparatus with high risk of amputation. The aim of the study was to assess whether the localization of CN and the extent or grading of the osteomyelitis have an influence on the rate of limb salvage and the time to recovery. METHODS: We treated a diabetic population affected by CN complicated by ulceration and widespread osteomyelitic involvement...
May 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Jonathan M Labovitz, David W Shofler, Kevin K Ragothaman
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to portray the impact of comorbidities on inpatient cost and utilization in Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) patients. METHODS: Two cohorts, CN and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), were identified by ICD-9 codes in the California Office for Statewide Health Planning and Development 2009-2012 public patient discharge files. DPN and CN costs and length of stay (LOS) were compared adjusting for the number of chronic conditions...
May 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Javier La Fontaine, Lawrence Lavery, Edward Jude
The Charcot foot is an uncommon complication of neuropathy in diabetes. It is a disabling and devastating condition. The etiology of the Charcot foot is unknown, but it is characterized by acute inflammation with collapse of the foot and/or the ankle. Although the cause of this potentially debilitating condition is not known, it is generally accepted that the components of neuropathy that lead to foot complications must exist. When it is not detected early, a severe deformity will result in a secondary ulceration, infection, and amputation...
March 2016: Foot
Parinita A Dherange, Sarah Patel, Evbu Enakpene, Prakash Suryanarayana
We report a case of a 55-year-old woman with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, Charcot arthropathy and end-stage renal disease, who presented with a syncopal episode after undergoing haemodialysis. She had a history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia from an unknown source 3 months earlier, which was treated with an 8-week course of intravenous antibiotics. At the time of presentation to the emergency room, she was found to be in refractory shock. Bedside echocardiogram was performed, which showed moderate pericardial effusion...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
Martinus Richter, Thomas Mittlmeier, Stefan Rammelt, Per-Henrik Agren, Sarah Hahn, Anica Eschler
BACKGROUND: Charcot osteo-neuroarthropathy (CN) of the foot can induce severe instability and deformity. Results of a consecutive clinical multi-centre study with Midfoot Fusion Bolt (MFB, Synthes GmbH, Oberdorf, Switzerland) are reported. METHODS: All patients (aged 18 years and older) treated between 2009 and 2013 with surgical reconstruction of the midfoot with MFB for CN were included. Demographics, pre-surgical health status, details of foot pathology, details of surgery, postoperative treatment, treatment failure, and adverse events were registered...
December 2015: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Dane K Wukich, Katherine M Raspovic, Kimberlee B Hobizal, David Sadoskas
BACKGROUND: Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) of the ankle and hindfoot (Sanders/Frykberg Type IV) is challenging to treat surgically or nonsurgically. The deformities associated with ankle/hindfoot CN are often multiplanar, resulting in sagittal, frontal and rotational malalignment. In addition, shortening of the limb often occurs from collapse of the distal tibia, talus and calcaneus. These deformities also result in significant alterations in the biomechanics of the foot. For example, a varus ankle/hindfoot results in increased lateral column plantar pressure of the foot, predisposing the patient to lateral foot ulceration...
January 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
N L Petrova, M E Edmonds
Charcot neuro-osteoarthropathy (CN) is one of the most challenging foot complications in diabetes. Common predisposing and precipitating factors include neuropathy and increased mechanical forces, fracture and bone resorption, trauma and inflammation. In the last 15 years, considerable progress has been made in the early recognition of the acute Charcot foot when the X ray is still negative (stage 0 or incipient Charcot foot). Recent advances in imaging modalities have enabled the detection of initial signs of inflammation and underlying bone damage before overt bone and joint destruction has occurred...
January 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Crystal L Ramanujam, David Han, Thomas Zgonis
UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to determine the lower extremity amputation and mortality rates of a group of patients who underwent reconstructive surgery using circular external fixation for treatment of diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) of the foot and/or ankle. Existing studies regarding lower extremity amputation or mortality rates for diabetic CN of the foot and/or ankle have been performed on mostly conservatively treated patients. The objective of the statistical analysis in this studied population was to understand the difference in overall amputation and mortality rates between the 2 main groups: one with foot and/or ankle ulceration (group 1), and the other without ulceration or osteomyelitis (group 2, control group)...
April 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Tomáš Kučera, Jaromír Šrot, Josef Roubal, Pavel Šponer
The basic prerequisite for the successful treatment of the diabetic foot is a multidisciplinary approach. Ideally, the diagnosis and treatment is managed by a podiatrist, who is also responsible for a cost-effective and well-managed setting. General concern of diabetics is the fear of losing a limb. On the basis of multidisciplinary approach is pos-sible to prevent major amputations in many cases, or in case of them to ensure the prosthetic and rehabilitation care. New possibilities of revascularization and cooperation with antibiotic centers increase the success of surgical treatment of diabetic foot syndrome...
June 2015: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Elissa S Finkler, Christopher Kasia, Ellen Kroin, Victoria Davidson-Bell, Adam P Schiff, Michael S Pinzur
BACKGROUND: The traditional nonsurgical accommodative treatment for diabetes-associated Charcot foot arthropathy has been unsuccessful in improving the quality of life in affected individuals. This has led to the growing interest in surgical correction of the acquired deformity with either "super construct" internal fixation implants or fine-wire static circular external fixation. The use of static circular external fixation without implants has been demonstrated to achieve high rates of deformity correction with low complication rates...
November 2015: Foot & Ankle International
J von Recum
BACKGROUND: Involvement of the ankle joint in Charcot osteoarthropathy is most often associated with severe instability and fracture or collapse of the talus. Caused by malalignment, ulcerations over both malleoli are associated with increased risk of major amputation. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the operation is to realign the hind foot, gain a stable osteosynthesis, and prevent major amputation. INDICATIONS: Charcot osteoarthropathy of the ankle joint with instability, with or without soft tissue involvement, failure of the primary arthrodesis of the ankle or subtalar joint...
April 2015: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
G S Shagos, Palaniswamy Shanmugasundaram, Ajith Kumar Varma, Subramanyam Padma, Manjit Sarma
BACKGROUND: This paper is based on the initial findings from a prospective ongoing study to evaluate the efficacy of flourodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG-PET CT) in diabetic foot evaluation. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare the diagnostic accuracies of three phase bone scan (TPBS) and FDG PET-CT (FDG-PET) in diabetic foot evaluation. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients with complicated diabetic foot (osteomyelitis/cellulitis, Charcot's neuropathy) were prospectively investigated...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
W J Jeffcoate
Charcot foot syndrome is an uncommon complication of diabetes but is potentially devastating in its consequences. Outcome is made worse by widespread professional ignorance leading to delayed diagnosis, but it is also hampered by lack of understanding of its causes and lack of treatments with proven effectiveness, other than offloading. There remains a desperate need for studies into its causes as well as comparative audit and trials designed to determine the best treatment for this difficult condition. Such work can probably only be effectively carried out through the establishment of multicentre networks...
June 2015: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Farzaneh Yousefi, Iraj Nabipour, Mohammadreza Kalantarhormozi, Tahereh Assadi, Alireza Raeisi, Majid Assadi
The location of osteomyelitis is very important in Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN), especially when a physician is considering amputation of the affected extremity. In diabetic CN, the presence of osteomyelitis is likely. Thus, to identify the infected tissue that needs to be removed, the specific area of infection must be correctly identified. Both CN and osteomyelitis have high mortality rates, but osteomyelitis is more life threatening and needs aggressive treatment. We propose a QD-based method for distinguishing CN with sterile inflammation from osteomyelitis that does not require multiple and frequent imaging modalities...
July 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Christopher Hoban, Jitender Sareen, Christine A Henriksen, Lorraine Kuzyk, John M Embil, Elly Trepman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of foot problems on mental health in diabetic patients and their caregivers. METHODS: Diabetic patients (47 patients with and 49 patients without foot problems), and 21 caregivers of patients with foot problems, completed outcome surveys. Foot problems included ulcers (41 patients [87%]), osteomyelitis (9 patients [19%]), and Charcot foot (8 patients [17%]). RESULTS: In contrast with diabetic patients having no foot problems, diabetic patients with foot problems had, on average, significantly greater symptoms of diabetes (Diabetes Symptom Checklist-2 score), greater depression symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS]-Depression score), worse health-related quality of life (Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 [SF-36]: Physical Component Summary score and 6 of 8 subscales), greater pain (Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire), and greater suicidal behavior (Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised)...
March 2015: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Choon Chiet Hong, Ken Jin Tan, Amitabha Lahiri, Aziz Nather
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus has been increasing, and ≤25.8 million people, or 8.3% of the US population, have diabetes. Diabetic Charcot arthropathy and foot ulcers are serious complications of diabetes mellitus. They have been associated with greater risks of lower extremity amputation and mortality. Studies have shown that the amputation risk relative to patients with Charcot arthropathy alone is 7 times greater for patients with a foot ulcer, and 12 times greater for patients with Charcot arthropathy and a foot ulcer...
January 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Crystal L Ramanujam, John J Stapleton, Thomas Zgonis
One of the most devastating foot and/or ankle complications in the diabetic population with peripheral neuropathy is the presence of Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN). In recent years, diabetic limb salvage has been attempted more frequently as opposed to major lower extremity amputation for CN of the foot and ankle with ulceration and/or deep infection. Treatment strategies for osteomyelitis in the diabetic population have evolved. This article reviews some of the most common surgical strategies recommended for the diabetic patient with CN of the foot and/or ankle and concomitant osteomyelitis...
October 2014: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
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