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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748909/von-hippel-lindau-disease-when-neurosurgery-meets-nephrology-ophthalmology-and-genetics
#1
Francesco Signorelli, Giovanni Piscopo, Sophie Giraud, Silvana Guerriero, Antonio Laborante, Maria E Latronico, Gennaro Chimenti, Rodolfo Maduri, Domenico Chirchiglia, Angelo Lavano, Jacques Guyotat, Giovanni Alessio, Loreto Gesualdo
INTRODUCTION: Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a dominantly inherited condition associated with tumors in multiple organs, whose treatment requires heightened multidisciplinary teamwork. Therefore, a document summarizing all the pertinent knowledge is needed to enhance coordination of care. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of the literature from the Medline, Embase and Cochrane Central databases was performed. From 1970 to 2017, all articles meeting specific inclusion criteria were included by at least one specialist physician for each field...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748770/management-of-diabetic-surgical-patients-in-a-deployed-field-hospital-a-model-for-acute-non-communicable-disease-care-in-disaster
#2
Kathleen M McDermott, Ruth M Hardstaff, Sophie Alpen, David J Read, Nicholas R Coatsworth
Sudden onset disasters (SODs) have affected over 1.5 billion of the world's population in the past decade. During the same time, developing nations have faced a sustained increase in the burden of non-communicable disease (NCD) with extra pressure placed on health systems. The combined increase in SODs and the NCD epidemic facing the world's most disaster-prone nations will present new challenges to emergency medical teams (EMTs) during disaster response. This report details the experience as an EMT during the Typhoon Haiyan disaster of 2013, with particular reference to the challenges of diabetic management in a surgical field hospital...
July 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748327/determination-of-hopelessness-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-heart-disease-an-example-from-eastern-turkey
#3
Papatya Karakurt, Rabia Hacıhasanoğlu Aşılar, Arzu Yildirim, Şeyda Memiş
This descriptive study was undertaken in order to determine hopelessness and quality of life among the patients with heart disease. No sampling was made, and 200 patients who were voluntary and were able to communicate were included in the study. The data of the study were collected using a personal information form that involved questions about patients' descriptive information and their diseases, Beck Hopelessness Scale and SF-36 Quality of Life Scale with a face-to-face interview technique. For the analyses of the data, percentages, means, t test, Kruskal-Wallis and Pearson's correlation analyses were used...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747207/lessons-learnt-from-the-magnet-malawian-german-hospital-partnership-the-german-perspective-on-contributions-to-patient-care-and-capacity-development
#4
Florian Neuhann, Sandra Barteit
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates worldwide (Kendig et al., Trop Med Health 41:163-170, 2013). The health system depends largely on external funding. Official German development aid has supported health care in Malawi for many years (German Embassy Lilongwe, The German Development Cooperation in Malawi), including placing medical doctors in various departments of the Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe. In 2008, a hospital partnership called MAGNET (Malawi German Networking for Capacity Building in Treatment, Training and Research at KCH) evolved as part of the German ESTHER network...
July 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747202/knowledge-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-practices-related-to-healthy-lifestyles-among-adolescents-in-state-schools-of-a-selected-educational-division-in-sri-lanka
#5
A U Gamage, P L Jayawardana
BACKGROUND: Behaviors established during the adolescence have life-long consequences to the onset of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in later life. Therefore, it is essential to understand adolescents' knowledge and practices with the intention of developing preventive programs focusing on this age group. The objective of the study was to assess knowledge about selected NCDs, and lifestyle choices among school students aged 17-19 years in state schools of the Maharagama Educational Division, Sri Lanka...
July 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747157/oral-health-literacy-and-oral-health-outcomes-in-an-adult-population-in-brazil
#6
Marília Jesus Batista, Herenia Procopio Lawrence, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between critical and communicative oral health literacy (OHL) and oral health outcomes (status, oral health-related quality of life and practices) in adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined a household probability sample of 248 adults, representing 149,635 residents (20-64 years old) in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil. Clinical oral health and socioeconomic and demographic data, as well as data on oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-14) and health practices were collected...
July 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746656/mortality-due-to-noncommunicable-diseases-in-brazil-1990-to-2015-according-to-estimates-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#7
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Elisabeth França, Daisy Maria Xavier Abreu, Rosângela Durso Perillo, Maíra Coube Salmen, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Valeria Passos, Maria de Fátima Marinho Souza, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading health problem globally and generate high numbers of premature deaths and loss of quality of life. The aim here was to describe the major groups of causes of death due to NCDs and the ranking of the leading causes of premature death between 1990 and 2015, according to the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study estimates for Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study covering Brazil and its 27 federal states...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746501/social-ruptures-and-the-everyday-life-of-homeless-people-an-ethnographic-study
#8
Regina Célia Fiorati, Regina Yoneko Dakuzaku Carretta, Leonardo Martins Kebbe, Beatriz Lobato Cardoso, Joab Jefferson da Silva Xavier
Objective: To discover the generators of disruptions in social support networks and identify the everyday life and projects of life of homeless people. Method: Ethnographic study conducted between 2012 and 2013 in Ribeirão Preto -SP, Brazil. The participants were fifteen homeless people. Data were collected through video-recorded interviews addressing histories of life and a field diary. Data analysis was based on Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action. Results: Results revealed that the participants' families have faced inequalities for many generations and that everyday life is marked by violence and death, poverty and exclusion, disrupted social networks, loneliness, alcohol and drug consumption, and other socially determined diseases...
July 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746463/speech-fluency-profile-on-different-tasks-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Fabiola Staróbole Juste, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
Purpose: To characterize the speech fluency profile of patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods: Study participants were 40 individuals of both genders aged 40 to 80 years divided into 2 groups: Research Group - RG (20 individuals with diagnosis of Parkinson's disease) and Control Group - CG (20 individuals with no communication or neurological disorders). For all of the participants, three speech samples involving different tasks were collected: monologue, individual reading, and automatic speech...
July 20, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745941/veterans-preferences-for-remote-management-of-chronic-conditions
#10
Erica Sedlander, Katherine C Barboza, Ashley Jensen, Nicole Skursky, Katelyn Bennett, Scott Sherman, Mark Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration (VA) is investing considerable resources into providing remote management care to patients for disease prevention and management. Remote management includes online patient portals, e-mails between patients and providers, follow-up phone calls, and home health devices to monitor health status. However, little is known about patients' attitudes and preferences for this type of care. This qualitative study was conducted to better understand patient preferences for receiving remote care...
July 26, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745902/disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-315-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-in-iran-and-its-neighboring-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
Sadaf G Sepanlou, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Kristopher J Krohn, Ashkan Afshin, Farshad Farzadfar, Gholamreza Roshandel, Chante Karimkhani, Sharzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Hamid Ahmadieh, Shirin Djalalinia, Hedyeh Ebrahimi, Babak Eshrati, Ali Reza Esteghamati, Maryam S Farvid, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Pouria Heydarpour, Farhad Islami, Seyed M Karimi, Marzieh Katibeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Jagdish Khubchandani, Mahdi Mahdavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mostafa Qorbani, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sare Safi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Saeid Shahraz, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Alireza Mohammadi, Ali H Mokdad, Theo Vos, Christopher J L Murray, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohsen Naghavi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Summary measures of health are essential in making estimates of health status that are comparable across time and place. They can be used for assessing the performance of health systems, informing effective policy making, and monitoring the progress of nations toward achievement of sustainable development goals. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) provides disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) as main summary measures of health...
July 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745729/highlights-of-skin-disease-education-foundation-s-41st-annual-hawaii-dermatology-seminar%C3%A2
#12
Kenneth B Gordon, Craig L Leonardi, Daniel E Furst, Neal Bhatia, Lawrence F Eichenfield, Katie Beleznay
New therapies, recent pathophysiological findings, and updated guidelines combined to create compelling presentations at the Skin Disease Education Foundation's 41st Annual Hawaii Dermatology Seminar™. This educational supplement summarizes the highlights of clinical sessions presented during this CME/CE conference. A growing understanding of the biology of psoriasis has facilitated the development of increasingly efficacious medications. Skin clearance used to be regarded as an impractical goal for psoriasis therapy...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745696/-obesity-related-glomerulopathy-mechanisms-of-development-clinical-course
#13
REVIEW
I M Kutyrina
Obesity and overweight are recognized as epidemics of non-communicable diseases in the 21st century. The kidneys are a target organ for obesity, damage to which is considered to be an independent risk factor for the development of renal failure. Obesity-related glomerulopathy (OGP) is one of the types of renal injury in obesity, which is characterized by the development of proteinuria in patients with a body mass index (BMI) of >30 kg/m2 in the absence of other causes of kidney damage. The pathogenesis of OGP is multifactorial...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743872/social-jetlag-and-metabolic-control-in-non-communicable-chronic-diseases-a-study-addressing-different-obesity-statuses
#14
Maria Carliana Mota, Catarina Mendes Silva, Laura Cristina Tibiletti Balieiro, Walid Makin Fahmy, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Social jetlag - a measure of disruption of the circadian system - has been linked to obesity, but its association with metabolic complications in non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCDs) is unknown in the literature. We examined the associations between social jetlag and obesity status and metabolic parameters among individuals with NCCDs. Patients (n = 792) with NCCDs (obesity, systemic arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus or dyslipidaemia) attended clinics of the public health service of the city of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais State, Brazil...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741906/a-research-agenda-to-guide-progress-on-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-latin-america
#15
L Kline, J Jones-Smith, J Jaime Miranda, M Pratt, R S Reis, J A Rivera, J F Sallis, B M Popkin
Childhood obesity rates in Latin America are among the highest in the world. This paper examines and evaluates the many efforts underway in the region to reduce and prevent further increases in obesity, identifies and discusses unique research challenges and opportunities in Latin America, and proposes a research agenda in Latin America for the prevention of childhood obesity and concomitant non-communicable diseases. Identified research gaps include biological challenges to healthy growth across the life cycle, diet and physical activity dynamics, community interventions promoting healthy child growth, and rigorous evaluation of national food and activity programs and regulatory actions...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741021/world-congress-on-osteoporosis-osteoarthritis-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-wco-iof-esceo-2017-oral-communication-abstracts
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740510/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-bioethical-lens
#17
REVIEW
Arcangelo Liso, Margherita Neri, Francesca Maglietta, Raffaele La Russa, Emanuela Turillazzi
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is one of a range of therapeutic options available to patients suffering from various diseases. HSCT procedure involves important ethical and legal aspects that can occur at every phase of the procedure: the clinical choice of whether to perform the procedure, pretransplantation preparation regimens, donor selection, stem cell harvest procedure, transplantation phase, and short-term and long-term follow-up care. In this discussion paper, we outline the ethical issue-facing physicians involved in HSCT...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740469/neuroligins-nlg2-and-nlg4-affect-social-behavior-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#18
Kristina Corthals, Alina Sophia Heukamp, Robert Kossen, Isabel Großhennig, Nina Hahn, Heribert Gras, Martin C Göpfert, Ralf Heinrich, Bart R H Geurten
The genome of Drosophila melanogaster includes homologs to approximately one-third of the currently known human disease genes. Flies and humans share many biological processes, including the principles of information processing by excitable neurons, synaptic transmission, and the chemical signals involved in intercellular communication. Studies on the molecular and behavioral impact of genetic risk factors of human neuro-developmental disorders [autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, and Tourette syndrome] increasingly use the well-studied social behavior of D...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740444/effective-deployment-of-technology-supported-management-of-chronic-respiratory-conditions-a-call-for-stakeholder-engagement
#19
Richard W Costello, Alexandra L Dima, Dermot Ryan, R Andrew McIvor, Kay Boycott, Alison Chisholm, David Price, John D Blakey
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems are under increasing strain, predominantly due to chronic non-communicable diseases. Connected healthcare technologies are becoming ever more capable and their components cheaper. These innovations could facilitate both self-management and more efficient use of healthcare resources for common respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, newer technologies can only facilitate major changes in practice, and cannot accomplish them in isolation...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740435/barriers-and-facilitators-to-cervical-cancer-screening-among-pakistani-and-somali-immigrant-women-in-oslo-a-qualitative-study
#20
Abdi A Gele, Samera A Qureshi, Prabhjot Kour, Bernadette Kumar, Esperanza Diaz
Norway has a low incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer, which is mainly due to the high participation rate of women in cervical cancer screening. However, the attendance of cervical cancer screening was reported to be low among immigrant women. For this reason, we conducted a qualitative study to obtain better insight into perceived barriers and challenges to cervical cancer screening among Somali and Pakistani women in the Oslo region. A convenient sample of 35 (18 Pakistani, 17 Somali) women were recruited for the study in collaboration with Somali and Pakistani community partners...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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