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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352470/a-laser-optical-method-for-predicting-adulteration-of-clover-honey-bee
#1
A E El-Raie, H E Hassan, A A Abd El-Rahman, R A Shaimaa
The authenticity of honey is great importance for commercial and health reasons. Adulteration of honey bee with cheaper sweetening materials has been used. The objectives of this study were: 1) To evaluate the quality of honey bee according to physicochemical characteristics, 2) To estimate the transmission property of prediction of honey using visible laser technique, and 3) Possibility of adulteration of honey bee according to high transmission intensity of laser beam through Clover honey bee. Helium-neon (He-Ne) laser in the visible light with wavelengths 632...
January 20, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345608/food-choices-to-meet-nutrient-recommendations-for-the-adult-brazilian-population-based-on-the-linear-programming-approach
#2
Quenia Dos Santos, Rosely Sichieri, Nicole Darmon, Matthieu Maillot, Eliseu Verly-Junior
OBJECTIVE: To identify optimal food choices that meet nutritional recommendations to reduce prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to obtain an optimized diet with sixty-eight foods with the least difference from the observed population mean dietary intake while meeting a set of nutritional goals that included reduction in the prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes to ≤20 %. SETTING: Brazil. SUBJECTS: Participants (men and women, n 25 324) aged 20 years or more from the first National Dietary Survey (NDS) 2008-2009...
January 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344750/physical-activity-and-consumption-patterns-of-reproductive-aged-women-by-bmi-category
#3
Jennifer K Bello, Debra B Stulberg, Ying Zhou, Chi Wang
Objectives Obesity before and during pregnancy is associated with adverse effects for mother and child, but little is known about physical activity and consumption patterns among reproductive-aged women. The goal of this study is to identify behaviors of nonpregnant reproductive-aged women associated with normal weight, overweight, and obesity. Methods Data from the nationally representative National Eating Trends survey (2003-2011) were analyzed, comparing number of days of exercise in a 1-week period and consumption of fruits/vegetables, sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), and concentrated sweets by BMI...
January 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343247/consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-from-childhood-to-adulthood-in-relation-to-socioeconomic-status-15%C3%A2-years-follow-up-in-norway
#4
Kathrine Bolt-Evensen, Frøydis N Vik, Tonje Holte Stea, Knut-Inge Klepp, Elling Bere
BACKGROUND: In Norway, social inequalities in health and health-related behaviors have been reported despite the well-developed welfare state. The objective of the present study was to analyze; (i) the development in frequency of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) from childhood to adulthood; (ii) socioeconomic inequalities in the consumption of SSB and ASB using different indicators of socioeconomic status (SES); (iii) time trends in potential disparities in SSB and ASB consumption among different socioeconomic groups to assess the development in socioeconomic inequality from childhood to adulthood...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342171/health-behavior-associated-with-liver-enzymes-among-obese-korean-adolescents-2009-2014
#5
Eun-Young Lee, Hwa Young Choi, Hyunsoon Cho, Bo Hyun Kim, Moran Ki
AIMS: Obesity is major risk factor for liver health. This study aimed to clarify whether specific health behaviors were associated with liver function in obese adolescents in Korea. METHODS: Based on national school health examination data from 2009 to 2014, 25,142 obese or overweight students were examined for aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels, and health behaviors. Multiple logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio for liver enzyme elevation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342109/sources-of-added-sugars-in-young-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-low-and-high-intakes-of-added-sugars
#6
Regan L Bailey, Victor L Fulgoni, Alexandra E Cowan, P Courtney Gaine
High intake of added sugars is associated with excess energy intake and poorer diet quality. The objective of this cross-sectional study (n = 16,806) was to estimate usual intakes and the primary food sources of added sugars across the range of intakes (i.e., deciles) among U.S. children (2-8 years), adolescents and teens (9-18 years), and adults (≥19 years) using the National Health and Nutrition Examination (NHANES) data from 2009-2012. The percent energy contributed by added sugars was 14.3 ± 0.2% (2-8 years), 16...
January 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340686/taxes-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#7
Lisa M Powell, Matthew L Maciejewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340685/can-the-government-require-health-warnings-on-sugar-sweetened-beverage-advertisements
#8
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Dariush Mozaffarian, Renata Micha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338950/sugar-sweetened-beverage-and-water-intake-in-relation-to-diet-quality-in-u-s-children
#9
Cindy W Leung, S Gemma DiMatteo, Wendi A Gosliner, Lorrene D Ritchie
INTRODUCTION: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major contributor to children's added sugar consumption. This study examines whether children's SSB and water intakes are associated with diet quality and total energy intake. METHODS: Using data on children aged 2-18 years from the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, linear regression models were used to analyze SSB and water intake in relation to Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) scores and total energy intake...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334928/consumption-of-sweetened-beverages-and-poverty-in-colombia-when-access-is-not-an-advantage
#10
Oscar F Herran, Gonzalo A Patiño, Edna M Gamboa
BACKGROUND: This study characterizes the intake of sweetened beverages and establishes whether economic inequalities in their consumption exists. METHODS: Ecological study. Mixed methods using food frequency questionnaire and inequality indices. Based on the National Nutrition Survey, Colombia, 2010. The sweetened beverage intake of 17,514 subjects in 33 geodemographic units was estimated with a food frequency questionnaire and summarized. The calculation of inequality was based on the monetary poverty...
January 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333647/effect-of-sleep-duration-diet-and-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-overweight-elementary-school-students-in-shanghai
#11
Jing Zhang, YunTing Zhang, YanRui Jiang, WanQi Sun, Qi Zhu, Patrick Ip, DongLan Zhang, ShiJian Liu, Chang Chen, Jie Chen, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, MingYu Tang, WenFang Dong, YuFeng Wu, Yong Yin, Fan Jiang
BACKGROUND: This was a cross-sectional survey to investigate the relationship of age, parent education, sleep duration, physical activity, and dietary habits with overweight or obesity in school-age children in Shanghai. METHODS: The survey gathered information from 13,001 children in grades 1 through 5 (age 6 to 10 years) among 26 elementary schools in 7 districts. Activity level was evaluated using the International Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire (CLASS-C)...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331158/dietary-sources-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-the-contemporary-diet-of-inuit-adults-results-from-the-2007-08-inuit-health-survey
#12
Tiff-Annie Kenny, Xue Feng Hu, Harriet V Kuhnlein, Sonia D Wesche, Hing Man Chan
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the major components of the contemporary Inuit diet and identify the primary sources of energy and essential nutrients. DESIGN: Dietary data were derived from the 24 h recall collected by the Inuit Health Survey (IHS) from 2007 to 2008. The population proportion method was used to determine the percentage contribution of each group. Unique food items/preparations (ninety-three country foods and 1591 market foods) were classified into eight country food groups and forty-one market food groups...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330029/association-of-100-fruit-juice-consumption-and-3-year-weight-change-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#13
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, James Krieger, Bessie A Young, Joseph Larson, Lesley Tinker, Marian L Neuhouser
The association between drinking 100% fruit juice and long-term weight gain is controversial and has been investigated in few studies. We examined whether 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with weight change in a large prospective cohort of postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from 49,106 postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Food frequency questionnaires at baseline and year 3 assessed food and beverage intake. Body weight was measured at in-person clinic visits...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329835/in-depth-chemical-investigation-of-glycyrrhiza-triphylla-fisch-roots-guided-by-a-preliminary-hplc-esimsn-profiling
#14
Abolfazl Shakeri, Milena Masullo, Gilda D'Urso, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Paola Montoro, Cosimo Pizza, Sonia Piacente
Chemical investigations on Glycyrrhiza spp. have mostly been focused on G. glabra (typically cultivated in Europe, henceforth called European licorice), G. uralensis and G. inflata (known as Chinese licorice) with little information on the constituents of other Glycyrrhiza species. According to the growing interest in further Glycyrrhiza spp. to be used as sweeteners, the roots of G. triphylla have been investigated. The LC-ESI/LTQOrbitrap/MS profile of the methanolic extract of G. triphylla roots guided the isolation of 21 compounds, of which the structures were elucidated by 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328659/syntheses-of-tripterifordin-and-neotripterifordin-from-stevioside
#15
Shoji Kobayashi, Keisuke Shibukawa, Yoshiki Hamada, Takuma Kuruma, Asako Kawabata, Araki Masuyama
We report short syntheses of (-)-tripterifordin and (-)-neotripterifordin, potent inhibitors of HIV replication, from stevioside, a natural sweetener used worldwide. The key transformations are reduction at C13 through the formation of a tertiary chloride and subsequent three-step lactonization including a selective iodination at C20 by the photoreaction of the C19-alcohol. The title compounds were reliably obtained from stevioside in 9 and 11 steps (with 5-7 isolation steps), respectively. Additionally, the related lactone-containing ent-kaurenes, doianoterpenes A and B, and two more natural products were synthesized...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325892/added-sugar-intake-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2012
#16
Catherine E Cioffi, Janet Figueroa, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: Despite associations of dietary added sugar with excess weight gain and chronic disease risk, intake among most Americans exceeds the recommended limits (<10% total energy). Maternal diet plays an important role in pregnancy-related outcomes, but little is known about the extent of added sugar intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess intake and identify the top sources of added sugars in the diets of pregnant vs nonpregnant women in the United States...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325802/utilization-of-large-volume-zwitterionic-hydrophilic-interaction-liquid-chromatography-for-the-analysis-of-polar-pharmaceuticals-in-aqueous-environmental-samples-benefits-and-limitations
#17
Lise Boulard, Georg Dierkes, Thomas Ternes
Benefits and limitations of HILIC were studied for the analysis of extreme polar organic contaminants in aqueous environmental matrices. A sensitive analytical method was developed and validated for the detection of 11 pharmaceuticals, 15 pharmaceutical metabolites and transformation products and the artificial sweetener acesulfame in aqueous environmental samples. The analytical method consisted of a simple and non-specific sample preparation based on freeze-drying followed by detection with large injection volume (70 μL) zwitterionic HILIC-ESI-MS/MS...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324885/correction-expected-population-weight-and-diabetes-impact-of-the-1-peso-per-litre-tax-to-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-mexico
#18
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Rodrigo Zepeda-Tello, Eliane R Rodrigues, M Arantxa Colchero, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Rafael Meza
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176336.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322598/erythritol-production-by-yeasts-a-snapshot-of-current-knowledge
#19
REVIEW
Frédéric Carly, Patrick Fickers
Erythritol is a four-carbon sugar alcohol produced by microorganisms as an osmoprotectant. It could be used as a natural sweetener in the pharmaceutical and food industries. Here, a snapshot on current knowledge on erythritol metabolism and synthesis, optimization of its production, more precisely process and producer strain improvement is presented.
January 11, 2018: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322347/all-aspect-of-toxic-effect-of-brilliant-blue-and-sunset-yellow-in-allium-cepa-roots
#20
Kemal Koç, Dilek Pandir
Substances added to food are considerable for survival and are the oldest technologies used in preservation, sweetening and coloring. This work was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of the food additives sunset yellow (SY) and brilliant blue (BB) on Allium cepa root meristematic cells. Control and treatment groups were created from germinated roots. Group 1 (control group) did not receive chemicals. Group 2 (SY or BB-treatment group), received increasing doses of SY (25, 50, 100 and 500 ppm) and BB (100, 200, 400 and 500 ppm) with time periods of 24, 48 and 72 h...
January 10, 2018: Cytotechnology
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