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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#1
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143540/association-between-nutrition-resource-stress-and-dietary-consumption-results-from-a-u-s-nationally-representative-survey
#2
Emily Grenen, Erin E Kent, Erin Hennessy, Jada G Hamilton, Rebecca A Ferrer
BACKGROUND: There is little research on how affective reactions (e.g., stress) to perceptions of nutritious food accessibility contribute to dietary behaviors. AIMS: This study explores whether stress associated with limited access to nutritious foods-termed nutrition resource stress (NRS)-contributes to diet outcomes, and whether these associations are mediated by health-related self-efficacy. METHOD: Using data from the cross-sectional National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey, analyses were conducted to examine whether reported NRS was associated with specific dietary behaviors (i...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141965/food-groups-and-risk-of-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#3
REVIEW
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Violetta Andriolo, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence on the relation of the intakes of 12 major food groups, including whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with the risk of hypertension. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched systematically until June 2017 for prospective studies having quantitatively investigated the above-mentioned foods. We conducted meta-analysis on the highest compared with the lowest intake categories and linear and nonlinear dose-response meta-analyses to analyze the association...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140136/salt-glycerol-induced-hyperhydration-enhances-fluid-retention-more-than-salt-or-glycerol-induced-hyperhydration
#4
Eric D B Goulet, Adrien De La Flore, Félix A Savoie, Jonathan Gosselin
Hyperhydration has been demonstrated to improve work capacity and cardiovascular and thermoregulatory functions, enhance orthostatic tolerance, slow or neutralize bone demineralization and decrease post-dive bubble formation. Adding sodium or glycerol to a hyperhydration solution optimizes fluid retention. Sodium and glycerol produce their effect through different physiological mechanisms. If combined into a hyperhydration solution their impact on fluid retention could potentially be greater than their singular effect...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138943/contaminants-of-emerging-concern-in-surface-waters-in-barbados-west-indies
#5
Quincy A Edwards, Sergei M Kulikov, Leah D Garner-O'Neale, Chris D Metcalfe, Tamanna Sultana
Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs), including pharmaceuticals, artificial sweeteners, steroid hormones, and current-use pesticides have been detected in surface waters around the world, but to date, there have been no reports in the peer-reviewed literature on the levels of these classes of contaminants in freshwater resources in the Caribbean region. In the present study, multi-residue solid phase extraction (SPE) and liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) were used to analyze grab samples of surface waters collected from five different watersheds in Barbados, West Indies...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134763/trends-in-beverage-consumption-among-children-and-adults-2003-2014
#6
Sara N Bleich, Kelsey A Vercammen, Jonathan Wyatt Koma, Zhonghe Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide the most recent national estimates for beverage consumption among children and adults in the United States. METHODS: Dietary data were collected from 18,600 children aged 2 to 19 years and from 27,652 adults aged ≥ 20 years in the 2003 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Total beverage and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption was measured by 24-hour dietary recall. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2014, per capita consumption of all beverages declined significantly among children (473...
November 14, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132732/the-role-of-artificial-and-natural-sweeteners-in-reducing-the-consumption-of-table-sugar-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Arshag D Mooradian, Meridith Smith, Masaaki Tokuda
The rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity worldwide has been partially attributed to the overconsumption of added sugars. Recent guidelines call for limiting the consumption of simple sugars to less than 10% of daily caloric consumption. High intensity sweeteners are regulated as food additives and include aspartame, acesulfame-k, neotame, saccharin, sucralose, cyclamate and alitame. Steviol glycosides and Luo Han Guo fruit extracts are high intensity sweeteners that are designated as generally recognized as safe (GRAS)...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131973/investigation-of-the-photocatalytic-transformation-of-acesulfame-k-in-the-presence-of-different-tio2-based-materials
#8
M J López-Muňoz, A Daniele, M Zorzi, C Medana, P Calza
The photocatalytic transformation of acesulfame K - an artificial sweetener that has gained popularity over the last decades for being a calorie-free additive in food, beverages and several pharmaceutical products - was studied using three different photocatalysts, the benchmark TiO2-P25 and two other forms of synthetized titanium oxides named TiO2-SG1 and TiO2-SG2. The two latter materials were synthesized by a sol gel process in which the hydrolysis rate of titanium n-butoxide was controlled by the water formed in situ through an esterification reaction between ethanol and acetic acid...
November 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131629/enzymatic-synthesis-and-structural-characterization-of-theanderose-through-transfructosylation-reaction-catalyzed-by-levansucrase-from-bacillus-subtilis-cect-39
#9
Laura Ruiz-Aceituno, Maria Luz Sanz, Blanca de Las Rivas, Rosario Muñoz, Sofia Kolida, Maria Luisa Jimeno, F Javier Moreno
This work addresses the high-yield and fast enzymatic production of theanderose, a naturally-occurring carbohydrate, also known as isomaltosucrose, whose chemical structure determined by NMR is α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranose. The ability of isomaltose to act as an acceptor in the Bacillus subtilis CECT 39 levansucrase-catalyzed transfructosylation reaction to efficiently produce theanderose in the presence of sucrose as a donor is described by using four different sucrose:isomaltose concentration ratios...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131083/the-effect-of-nutritive-and-non-nutritive-sweeteners-on-the-growth-adhesion-and-biofilm-formation-of-candida-albicans-and-candida-tropicalis
#10
Manjula M Weerasekera, Thilini A Jayarathna, Gayan K Wijesinghe, Chinthika P Gunasekara, Neluka Fernando, Nilwala Kottegoda, Lakshman P Samaranayake
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of glucose, sucrose, and saccharin on growth, adhesion and biofilm formation of Candida albicans and C.tropicalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The growth rates of mono-cultures of planktonic C. albicans and C. tropicalis and co-cultures (1:1), were determined in yeast nitrogen broth supplemented with 5% (30 mM) and 10% (60 mM) of glucose, sucrose, and saccharin, using optical density measurements at 2h intervals over a 14h period. Adhesion and biofilm growth were performed and the growth quantified using standard 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) (MTT) assay...
November 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130726/-importance-of-selection-criteria-for-the-determination-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Alessandra Sachun, Guillermo Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130723/-telomeres-and-diet-quality
#12
Amelia Marti, Raquel Echeverría, Lydia Morell-Azanza, Ana Ojeda-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the relationship between diet quality and telomere integrity in humans. Telomeres are regions of non-coding DNA localized at the end of each chromosome whose length, in addition to indicating life expectancy, indicates an overall health status. The objective of this systematic review is to compile the existing evidence on the relationship between telomere length and diet quality to further explore the impact that some nutrients, foods and dietary patterns may have on telomere homeostasis and therefore, in precision nutrition strategies...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130464/boronic-acid-recognition-of-non-interacting-carbohydrates-for-biomedical-applications-increasing-fluorescence-signals-of-minimally-interacting-aldoses-and-sucralose
#13
Angel Resendez, Md Abdul Halim, Jasmeet Singh, Dominic-Luc Webb, Bakthan Singaram
To address carbohydrates that are commonly used in biomedical applications with low binding affinities for boronic acid based detection systems, two chemical modification methods were utilized to increase sensitivity. Modified carbohydrates were analyzed using a two component fluorescent probe based on boronic acid-appended viologen-HPTS (4,4'-o-BBV). Carbohydrates normally giving poor signals (fucose, l-rhamnose, xylose) were subjected to sodium borohydride (NaBH4) reduction in ambient conditions for 1 h yielding the corresponding sugar alcohols from fucose, l-rhamnose and xylose in essentially quantitative yields...
November 13, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130068/diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-in-primary-care-patients-with-recent-intentional-weight-loss
#14
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Dana Tudorascu, Cindy L Bryce, Diane Comer, Gary S Fischer, Rachel Hess, Kimberly A Huber, Kathleen M McTigue, Laurey R Simkin-Silverman, Molly B Conroy
Purpose: Lifestyle habits of primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss are unclear and need to be better understood to aid in translational health promotion efforts. We aimed to characterize diet and exercise habits in primary care patients with recent, intentional weight loss, comparing those with greater (≥10%) vs. lesser (5 to <10%) weight loss. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized trial comparing weight loss maintenance interventions...
2017: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127847/effect-of-sucralose-on-the-enzyme-kinetics-of-invertase-using-real-time-nmr-spectroscopy-and-progress-curve-analysis
#15
Cheenou Her, Jaideep Singh, V V Krishnan
Sucralose, a derivative of sucrose, is widely used in noncaloric artificial sweeteners (NAS). Contrary to the belief that sucralose is physiologically inert and a healthy alternative sweetener to natural sugar, emerging studies indicate that sucralose alters the host metabolism as well as the composition of the microbiome. In this manuscript, we use real-time nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to demonstrate that sucralose alters the enzymatic conversion of sucrose to glucose and fructose. The real-time NMR progress curve analysis suggests that sucralose has the characteristic of a competitive inhibitor on the kinetics of the enzymatic process...
October 31, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127476/co-supplementation-of-isomalto-oligosaccharides-potentiates-metabolic-health-benefits-of-polyphenol-rich-cranberry-extract-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice-via-enhanced-gut-butyrate-production
#16
Dhirendra Pratap Singh, Shashank Singh, Vandana Bijalwan, Vijay Kumar, Pragyanshu Khare, Ritesh Kumar Baboota, Paramdeep Singh, Ravneet Kaur Boparai, Jagdeep Singh, Kanthi Kiran Kondepudi, Kanwaljit Chopra, Mahendra Bishnoi
PURPOSE: Cranberries are a rich source of polyphenolic antioxidants. Purified sugars or artificial sweeteners are being added to cranberry-based food products to mask tartness. Refined sugar and artificial sweeteners intake modulate gut microbiota and result in metabolic complications. We evaluated effects of isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMOs; sweet tasting non-digestible oligosaccharides) with cranberry extract (CRX) on high fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic alterations in mice. METHODS: Male Swiss albino mice were fed normal chow or HFD (58% fat kcal), and were administered either CRX (200 mg/kg) alone or in combination with IMOs (1 g/kg)...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127474/a-traditional-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-preschool-children-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Lara Nasreddine, Hiba Shatila, Leila Itani, Nahla Hwalla, Lamis Jomaa, Farah Naja
PURPOSE: The high burden of preschool overweight in the Middle East and North Africa highlights the need for rigorous investigations of its determinants. This study aims at identifying dietary patterns amongst preschoolers in Lebanon and assessing their association with overweight and obesity. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 2-5-year-old children (n = 525). Socio-demographic, dietary, lifestyle and anthropometric variables were collected...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126998/high-runner-mice-have-reduced-incentive-salience-for-a-sweet-taste-reward-when-housed-with-wheel-access
#18
Zoe Thompson, Erik M Kolb, Theodore Garland
To explore reward substitution in the context of voluntary exercise, female mice from four replicate high-runner (HR) lines (bred for wheel running) and four non-selected control (C) lines were given simultaneous access to wheels and palatable solutions as competing rewards (two doses of saccharin [0.1, 0.2% w/v]; two doses of common artificial sweetener blends containing saccharin [Sweet 'N Low(®): 0.1, 0.2% w/v], aspartame [Equal(®): 0.04, 0.08% w/v], or sucralose [Splenda(®): 0.08, 0.16% w/v]; or two doses of sucrose [3...
November 7, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124015/the-influence-of-parental-food-preference-and-neophobia-on-children-with-phenylketonuria-pku
#19
Sharon Evans, Anne Daly, Satnam Chahal, Catherine Ashmore, John MacDonald, Anita MacDonald
Background: In a previous case-control study, we demonstrated that children with PKU and non-PKU controls preferred sweet foods. Additionally, children with PKU exhibited food neophobia, with no preference for bitter tasting foods associated with the taste of phenylalanine (Phe)-free L-amino acid supplements. Objective: In an observational extension study, we evaluated the influence of parental food choice and neophobia on their children's taste preferences and food neophobia...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121793/total-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-among-us-adults-was-lower-when-measured-using-a-1-question-versus-4-question-screener
#20
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Carrie Dooyema, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To compare the performance of a 1-question survey screener measuring total sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake to a screener measuring SSB types separately using 4 questions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Web-based 2014 SummerStyles survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4167 US adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: Frequency of SSB intake measured using a 1-question screener was compared to frequency using a 4-question screener (regular soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, sweetened coffee/tea)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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