keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Satiety

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326005/bioactivity-of-food-peptides-biological-response-of-rats-to-bovine-milk-whey-peptides-following-acute-exercise
#1
Carolina Soares Moura, Pablo Christiano Barboza Lollo, Priscila Neder Morato, Eder Muller Risso, Jaime Amaya-Farfan
Background: Several physiologically beneficial effects of consuming a whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) have been attributed to the greater availability of bioactive peptides. Aims: The aim was to investigate the effect of four branched-chain amino acid- (BCAA-)containing dipeptides, present in WPH, on immune modulation, stimulation of HSP expression, muscle protein synthesis, glycogen content, satiety signals and the impact of these peptides on the plasma free amino acid profiles. Methods: The animals were divided in groups: control (rest, without gavage), vehicle (water), L-isoleucyl-L-leucine (lle-Leu), L-leucyl-L-isoleucine (Leu-lle), L-valyl-Lleucine (Val-Leu), L-leucyl-L-valine (Leu-Val) and WPH...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325542/the-influence-of-ethnicity-and-glucose-tolerance-status-on-subjective-hunger-sensations-and-prospective-food-intake-in-overweight-and-obese-asian-and-european-australians
#2
Leilani Muhardi, Yun Zhao, Vicky Solah, Susan Fyfe, Mario J Soares
AIMS: To examine the influence of ethnicity and glucose tolerance status on subjective sensations and food intake in overweight/obese Asian and European Australians. METHODS: 18 Asians and 26 Europids were classified as normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) based on serial measures of finger-prick glucose following an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Subjective sensations of hunger and satiety were measured before and every 15min after the OGTT using a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
March 6, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317734/aroma-compound-diacetyl-suppresses-glucagon-like-peptide-1-production-and-secretion-in-stc-1-cells
#3
Triona McCarthy, Christine Bruen, Fiona O'Halloran, Harriet Schellekens, Kieran Kilcawley, John F Cryan, Linda Giblin
Diacetyl is a volatile flavour compound that has a characteristic buttery aroma and is widely used in the flavour industry. The aroma of a food plays an important role in food palatability and thus intake. This study investigates the effect of diacetyl on the satiety hormone, glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1), using the enteroendocrine cell line, STC-1. Diacetyl decreased proglucagon mRNA and total GLP-1 from glucose stimulated STC-1 cells. This dampening effect on GLP-1 appears to be mediated by increasing intracellular cAMP levels, increasing synthesis of the G protein coupled receptor, GPR120, and its recruitment to the cell surface...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315895/healthy-growth-and-development
#4
Ken K Ong
Observational and experimental studies indicate a remarkably consistent association between rapid growth and weight gain during infancy and higher risks for obesity in later childhood and adult life. This association appears to be equally relevant to breastfed and formula milk-fed infants, and infants small for gestational age and with normal birth weight. The type of infant milk feeding, energy intake, and milk nutrient composition are important determinants of infant growth and weight gain. There is also accumulating evidence that genetic factors related to adult obesity susceptibility act in the central nervous system to regulate intrinsic levels of infant appetite and satiety, and they impact on infant dietary behaviors to influence growth and weight gain...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315777/appetite-disorders-in-cancer-patients-impact-on-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life
#5
David E Barajas Galindo, Alfonso Vidal-Casariego, Alicia Calleja-Fernández, Ana Hernández-Moreno, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Manuela Pedraza-Lorenzo, María Asunción Rodríguez-García, Dalia María Ávila-Turcios, Miran Alejo-Ramos, Rocío Villar-Taibo, Ana Urioste-Fondo, Isidoro Cano-Rodríguez, María D Ballesteros-Pomar
Cancer patients are at high risk of malnutrition due to several symptoms such as lack of appetite. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of different appetite disorders in cancer patients and their influence on dietary intake, nutritional status, and quality of life. We conducted a cross-sectional study of cancer patients at risk of malnutrition. Nutritional status was studied using Subjective Global Assessment, anthropometry, and grip strength. Dietary intake was evaluated with a 24-h recall, and patients were questioned about the presence of changes in appetite (none, anorexia, early satiety, or both)...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315693/central-glp-1-receptor-activation-modulates-cocaine-evoked-phasic-dopamine-signaling-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-core
#6
Samantha M Fortin, Mitchell F Roitman
Drugs of abuse increase the frequency and magnitude of brief (1-3s), high concentration (phasic) dopamine release events in terminal regions. These are thought to be a critical part of drug reinforcement and ultimately the development of addiction. Recently, metabolic regulatory peptides, including the satiety signal glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), have been shown to modulate cocaine reward-driven behavior and sustained dopamine levels after cocaine administration. Here, we use fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) to explore GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) modulation of dynamic dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) during cocaine administration...
March 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315420/eating-behaviour-is-associated-with-eating-frequency-and-food-consumption-in-6-8-year-old-children-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-children-panic-study
#7
H Jalkanen, V Lindi, U Schwab, S Kiiskinen, T Venäläinen, L Karhunen, T A Lakka, A M Eloranta
The association between eating behaviour and dietary factors has been studied narrowly in children. Therefore, we investigated whether eating frequency and food consumption are influenced by eating behaviour in a population sample of 406 children aged 6-8 years. We assessed features of eating behaviour by the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and dietary factors by a 4-day food record. The results showed that enjoyment of food was directly associated with a number of main meals (p = 0.041) and consumption of vegetables (p = 0...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314563/a-biomechanical-approach-to-the-analysis-of-methods-and-procedures-of-bariatric-surgery
#8
Emanuele Luigi Carniel, Alessandro Frigo, Chiara Giulia Fontanella, Giulia Maria De Benedictis, Alessandro Rubini, Luca Barp, Gioela Pluchino, Beatrice Sabbadini, Lino Polese
Bariatric surgery includes a variety of procedures that are performed on obese people and aim at decreasing the intake of food and calories. This goal is usually pursued by reducing stomach capacity and/or absorbing capability. Adjustable gastric banding is the most common and successful operation. In general, bariatric surgical procedures are effective, but are often associated with major complications. Surgical procedure and post-surgical conformation of the stomach are usually defined on clinical and surgical basis only...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303049/chickpeas-suppress-postprandial-blood-glucose-concentration-and-appetite-and-reduce-energy-intake-at-the-next-meal
#9
Tasleem A Zafar, Yearul Kabir
The current study was designed to explore the beneficial properties of chickpeas consumption on suppressing appetite, excessive blood glucose excursions, and energy intake (EI) from a subsequent meal. Two caloric preloaded foods, chickpeas, and white bread were compared to water control, fed to healthy female subjects at equal energy density, volume, and available carbohydrate content in two experiments spanning over 60 and 120 min. Blood glucose was measured by a portable glucometer and satiety by using a visual analogue scale questionnaire at baseline and every 15 up to 60 min in both experiments and then every 30 until 120 min in Experiment 2 after the preloads ingestion...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294985/effects-of-a-diet-based-weight-reducing-program-with-probiotic-supplementation-on-satiety-efficiency-eating-behaviour-traits-and-psychosocial-behaviours-in-obese-individuals
#10
Marina Sanchez, Christian Darimont, Shirin Panahi, Vicky Drapeau, André Marette, Valerie H Taylor, Jean Doré, Angelo Tremblay
This study evaluated the impact of probiotic supplementation (Lactobacillus rhamnosus CGMCC1.3724 (LPR)) on appetite sensations and eating behaviors in the context of a weight-reducing program. Obese men (n = 45) and women (n = 60) participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial that included a 12-week weight loss period (Phase 1) based on moderate energy restriction, followed by 12 weeks of weight maintenance (Phase 2). During the two phases of the program, each subject consumed two capsules per day of either a placebo or a LPR formulation (10 mg of LPR equivalent to 1...
March 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292405/selected-endoscopic-gastric-devices-for-obesity
#11
REVIEW
Kartik Sampath, Richard I Rothstein
This article focuses on the stomach target devices that are currently in various stages of development. Approved intragastric balloons, devices targeting small bowel and aspiration techniques, are described in other contributions to this issue. Bariatric endoscopic devices targeting the stomach directly alter gastric physiology and promote weight loss by potentially changing functional gastric volume, gastric emptying, gastric wall compliance, neurohormonal signaling, and, thereby, satiety. Many stomach-targeting devices are on the horizon for clinical use, and further study will determine the safety and efficacy for clinical use...
April 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290296/the-acute-impact-of-the-intake-of-four-types-of-bread-on-satiety-and-blood-concentrations-of-glucose-insulin-free-fatty-acids-triglyceride-and-acylated-ghrelin-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#12
S Bo, M Seletto, A Choc, V Ponzo, A Lezo, A Demagistris, A Evangelista, G Ciccone, M Bertolino, M Cassader, R Gambino
The purpose of the present study is to compare the effects of four different breads (one commercial par-baked wheat bread, three sourdough breads prepared with commercial wheat flour, organic wheat flour, organic einkorn flour) in 16 healthy subjects. The primary outcome of this randomized cross-over trial was evaluating intra-individual changes in glycemic areas-under-the-curve (AUCs) after 50g carbohydrate portions of each bread; secondary outcomes were changes in insulin, fatty free acids (FFA), triglyceride, acylated ghrelin and satiety AUCs...
February 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290257/an-analysis-of-partial-efficiencies-of-energy-utilisation-of-different-macronutrients-by-barramundi-lates-calcarifer-shows-that-starch-restricts-protein-utilisation-in-carnivorous-fish
#13
Brett D Glencross, David Blyth, Nicholas Bourne, Susan Cheers, Simon Irvin, Nicholas M Wade
This study examined the effect of including different dietary proportions of starch, protein and lipid, in diets balanced for digestible energy, on the utilisation efficiencies of dietary energy by barramundi (Lates calcarifer). Each diet was fed at one of three ration levels (satiety, 80 % of initial satiety and 60 % of initial satiety) for a 42-d period. Fish performance measures (weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio) were all affected by dietary energy source. The efficiency of energy utilisation was significantly reduced in fish fed the starch diet relative to the other diets, but there were no significant effects between the other macronutrients...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287580/measuring-and-altering-mating-drive-in-male-drosophila-melanogaster
#14
Christine L Boutros, Lauren E Miner, Ofer Mazor, Stephen X Zhang
Despite decades of investigation, the neuronal and molecular bases of motivational states remain mysterious. We have recently developed a novel, reductionist, and scalable system for in-depth investigation of motivation using the mating drive of male Drosophila melanogaster (Drosophila), the methods for which we detail here. The behavioral paradigm centers on the finding that male mating drive decreases alongside fertility over the course of repeated copulations and recovers over ~3 d. In this system, the powerful neurogenetic tools available in the fly converge with the genetic accessibility and putative wiring diagram available for sexual behavior...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287459/prevalence-and-correlates-of-preschool-overweight-and-obesity-amidst-the-nutrition-transition-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-study-in-lebanon
#15
Lara Nasreddine, Nahla Hwalla, Angie Saliba, Christelle Akl, Farah Naja
There is increasing evidence linking early life adiposity to disease risk later in life. This study aims at determining the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among preschoolers in Lebanon. A national cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst 2-5 years old children (n = 525). Socio-demographic, lifestyle, dietary, and anthropometric data were obtained. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was estimated at 6.5% and 2.7%, respectively. Based on stepwise logistic regression for the prediction of overweight and obesity (combined), the variance accounted for by the first block (socioeconomic, parental characteristics) was 11...
March 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283573/genetically-encoded-photocrosslinkers-determine-the-biological-binding-site-of-exendin-4-in-the-n-terminal-domain-of-the-intact-human-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-glp-1r
#16
Cassandra Koole, Christopher A Reynolds, Juan C Mobarec, Caroline Hick, Patrick M Sexton, Thomas P Sakmar
The glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is a key therapeutic target in the management of type II diabetes mellitus, with actions including regulation of insulin biosynthesis and secretion, promotion of satiety and preservation of β-cell mass. Like most class B G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), there is limited knowledge linking biological activity of the GLP-1R with the molecular structure of an intact, full-length, functional receptor-ligand complex. In this study, we have utilized genetic code expansion to site-specifically incorporate the photoactive amino acid p-azido-L-phenylalanine (azF) into N-terminal residues of a full-length, functional human GLP-1R in mammalian cells...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283319/oxytocin-the-sweet-hormone
#17
REVIEW
Gareth Leng, Nancy Sabatier
Mammalian neurons that produce oxytocin and vasopressin apparently evolved from an ancient cell type with both sensory and neurosecretory properties that probably linked reproductive functions to energy status and feeding behavior. Oxytocin in modern mammals is an autocrine/paracrine regulator of cell function, a systemic hormone, a neuromodulator released from axon terminals within the brain, and a 'neurohormone' that acts at receptors distant from its site of release. In the periphery oxytocin is involved in electrolyte homeostasis, gastric motility, glucose homeostasis, adipogenesis, and osteogenesis, and within the brain it is involved in food reward, food choice, and satiety...
March 7, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282925/associations-between-maternal-body-composition-and-appetite-hormones-and-macronutrients-in-human-milk
#18
Sambavi Kugananthan, Zoya Gridneva, Ching T Lai, Anna R Hepworth, Peter J Mark, Foteini Kakulas, Donna T Geddes
Human milk (HM) appetite hormones and macronutrients may mediate satiety in breastfed infants. This study investigated associations between maternal adiposity and concentrations of HM leptin, adiponectin, protein and lactose, and whether these concentrations and the relationship between body mass index and percentage fat mass (%FM) in a breastfeeding population change over the first year of lactation. Lactating women (n = 59) provided milk samples (n = 283) at the 2nd, 5th, 9th and/or 12th month of lactation...
March 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281170/factors-related-to-upper-gastrointestinal-symptom-generation-in-2275-helicobacter-pylori-seroprevalent-adults
#19
Sang Pyo Lee, Sun-Young Lee, Jeong Hwan Kim, In-Kyung Sung, Hyung Seok Park, Chan Sup Shim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) symptoms are common; however, the role of Helicobacter pylori and gastric corpus atrophy in the generation of these symptoms is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for UGI symptoms in adults in an endemic area of H. pylori infection. METHODS: Korean adults who completed questionnaires on the day of serum anti-H. pylori IgG and pepsinogen (PG) assays before UGI endoscopy were included...
March 9, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275776/oil-in-water-emulsions-stabilised-by-cellulose-ethers-stability-structure-and-in-vitro-digestion
#20
Jennifer Borreani, María Espert, Ana Salvador, Teresa Sanz, Amparo Quiles, Isabel Hernando
The effect of cellulose ethers in oil-in-water emulsions on stability during storage and on texture, microstructure and lipid digestibility during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion was investigated. All the cellulose ether emulsions showed good physical and oxidative stability during storage. In particular, the methylcellulose with high methoxyl substituents (HMC) made it possible to obtain emulsions with high consistency which remained almost unchanged during gastric digestion, and thus could enhance fullness and satiety perceptions at gastric level...
March 9, 2017: Food & Function
keyword
keyword
65122
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"