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Appendectomy complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528712/timing-of-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-and-infectious-complications-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-appendectomy
#1
Cristen N Litz, Jessica B Asuncion, Paul D Danielson, Nicole M Chandler
PURPOSE: Antibiotic administration within one hour prior to incision is a common quality metric; however, antibiotics are typically started at the time of diagnosis in pediatric patients with acute appendicitis. The purpose was to determine if antibiotic administration within one hour prior to incision reduces the incidence of surgical site infections (SSI) in pediatric patients with acute appendicitis started on parenteral antibiotics upon diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 478 patients aged 0-18years who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis from 7/2013 to 4/2015...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523021/single-incision-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-acute-appendicitis-using-a-10-mm-laparoscope-and-the-glove-port-technique
#2
Takaaki Tsushimi, Hirohito Mori, Manabu Sudo, Yoshihide Minami, Koichi Ueki, Makoto Tamai
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the single incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA) using existing instruments, the 10-mm laparoscope, and glove port technique. METHODS: SILA was performed on 16 patients (8 male cases, 8 female cases) between June 2012 and September 2015. A 20-mm incision was made in the umbilicus and a wound retractor was placed. A 10-mm trocar for the laparoscope and two 5-mm trocars were fixed to the three fingers of the latex gloves and it was attached to the wound retractor...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487456/deriving-literature-based-benchmarks-for-surgical-complications-in-high-income-countries-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Mary E Brindle, Derek J Roberts, Oluwatomilayo Daodu, Alex Bernard Haynes, Christy Cauley, Elijah Dixon, Claude La Flamme, Paul Bain, William Berry
INTRODUCTION: To improve surgical safety, health systems must identify preventable adverse outcomes and measure changes in these outcomes in response to quality improvement initiatives. This requires understanding of the scope and limitations of available population-level data. To derive literature-based summary estimates of benchmarks of care, we will systematically review and meta-analyse rates of postoperative complications associated with several common and/or high-risk operations performed in five high-income countries (HICs)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486259/appendicitis-in-a-neutropenic-patient-a-multicentric-retrospective-study
#4
Alberto A Scarpa, Géraldine Hery, Arnaud Petit, Benoit Brethon, Irène Jimenez, Virginie Gandemer, Samuel Abbou, Stéphanie Haouy, Jean Breaud, Marilyne Poiree
To study the management of acute appendicitis in neutropenic patients, we retrospectively reviewed cases of acute appendicitis in neutropenic children treated for cancer. The patients' demographics, medical records, and outcomes were tracked. We compared nonoperative treatment versus emergency or delayed surgery. The cases of 30 patients with a mean age of 8.8 years in 12 French departments of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology between 1995 and 2013 were studied. Most patients (90%) were treated for hematological malignancies...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485994/copious-irrigation-versus-suction-alone-during-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-complicated-appendicitis-in-adults
#5
Fengbo Sun, He Wang, Fengjuan Zhang, Xinming Zhang, Zhiyuan Xing, Shenglin Zhang, Haifeng Zhang, Ye Wang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether copious irrigation of peritoneal cavity during laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated appendicitis effectively reduces the incidence of postoperative complications and improves the postoperative recovery in adults compared with suction alone. METHODS: In this prospective randomized trial, adult patients with complicated appendicitis were randomized to "irrigation and suction"(IS) group or "suction only"(SO) group...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484787/-minilaparoscopy-with-5%C3%A2-mm-optics-and-3%C3%A2-mm-trocars
#6
REVIEW
J Schmidt
Minilaparoscopy was introduced already 20 years ago. In spite of reduced diameter, technical performance of modern trocars and instruments has improved substantially. While carrying out a minilaparoscopic procedure, the required position of the trocars and the surgical strategy remain the same. The most important step towards minilaparoscopy is reduction of the diameter of the laparoscopes from 10 to 5 mm. The 5 mm laparoscopes show high resolution and transport enough energy to properly illuminate the surgical field...
May 8, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474273/outpatient-appendectomy-in-an-emergency-outpatient-surgery-unit-24%C3%A2-h-a-day-an-intention-to-treat-analysis-of-194-patients
#7
Adeline Aubry, Arnaud Saget, Gilles Manceau, Matthieu Faron, Mathilde Wagner, Christophe Tresallet, Bruno Riou, Olivier Lucidarme, Frédéric le Saché, Mehdi Karoui
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of patients operated on for uncomplicated acute appendicitis (UAA) in our 24-h emergency outpatient surgery unit. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study with intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis. From 12/2013 to 03/2015, all consecutive patients admitted for acute appendicitis (AA) were prospectively screened. A computed tomography or abdominal ultrasound confirmed the diagnosis of AA. Eligibility criteria for outpatient appendectomy were: UAA, no comorbidity, no physical or mental condition preventing participation in the study, absence of pregnancy, age older than 15 years, an accompanying adult person available for the hospital discharge and place of residence within 1 h of our hospital...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467580/how-to-avoid-negative-appendectomies-can-us-achieve-this
#8
Kinyas Kartal, Pınar Yazıcı, Taner Mehmet Ünlü, Mehmet Uludağ, Mehmet Mihmanlı
BACKGROUND: Clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis is based primarily on symptoms and physical findings. However, diagnosis of appendicitis is not always straightforward. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the diagnostic effectiveness of ultrasonography (US) in these cases in combination with white blood cell count (WBC) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data collected on 470 consecutive patients who underwent appendectomy at the same institution between January 2014 and January 2016 was conducted...
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449821/systematic-review-of-nonoperative-versus-operative-treatment-of-uncomplicated-appendicitis
#9
REVIEW
Ramon R Gorter, Sarah-May M L The, Marguerite A W Gorter-Stam, Hasan H Eker, Roel Bakx, Johanna H van der Lee, Hugo A Heij
BACKGROUND: To compare the risk of complications between initial nonoperative treatment and appendectomy of uncomplicated (simple) appendicitis in children. METHODS: Systematic literature search. Eligible for inclusion were both and randomized controlled trials and cohort studies including children in which the outcome of nonoperative treatment of uncomplicated appendicitis was reported with a minimum follow-up period of one year. Two authors extracted data independently and assessed quality...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443586/salmonella-enterica-serovar-enteritidis-liver-abscess-after-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#10
Agata Ladic, Igor Petrovic, Ante Gojevic, Emil Kinda, Ivo Coza
BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis is among the most reported serotypes of Salmonella species worldwide, but rarely reported as the causative agent of a liver abscess. CASE REPORT: We present a patient with an abdominal blunt trauma. An initial abdominal CT scan revealed rupture of the right kidney and of the liver. Two days later, his physical state deteriorated and a new CT scan was obtained. An eight-centimetre large liver abscess was verified...
April 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442835/how-much-reliable-is-alvarado-scoring-system-in-reducing-negative-appendectomy
#11
Mehmet Tahsin Tekeli, Enver Ilhan, Orhan Ureyen, Abdullah Senlikci, Eyup Yeldan, Mucteba Ozturk, Mehmet Akif Ustuner, Ugur Gokcelli, Emrah Dadali, Fevzi Cengiz, Savas Yakan
There is still an ongoing debate, especially regarding early diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Early surgery leads to inadequate evaluation of acute abdominal pain and negative appendectomy, whereas delayed surgery leads to appendicitis perforation complications. The diagnosis of this condition is considerably difficult, especially due to subtle early symptoms and clinical condition. The aim of the present study was to identify whether the Alvarado scoring system could reduce the incidence of negative appendectomy in patients who will undergo surgery for acute appendicitis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442133/hybrid-transgastric-appendectomy-is-feasible-but-does-not-offer-advantages-compared-with-laparoscopic-appendectomy-results-from-the-transgastric-appendectomy-study
#12
Markus B Schoenberg, Richard Magdeburg, Peter Kienle, Stefan Post, Paul P Eisser, Georg Kähler
BACKGROUND: Very few transgastric procedures, the original objective of natural orifice translumenal surgery, have been reported in the international Natural Orifice Translumenal Surgery registers. In addition, most cases were controlled mainly by laparoscopy. To show the feasibility of hybrid transgastric appendectomy and to compare results with laparoscopic a prospective, nonrandomized study was conducted. METHODS: From October 2010 to May 2013, patients with acute appendicitis were screened...
April 23, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433247/outpatient-laparoscopic-appendectomy-feasible-in-a-public-county-hospital
#13
David R Rosen, Kenji Inaba, Paul J Oh, Adam C Gutierrez, Aaron M Strumwasser, Subarna Biswas, Melody Cala, Glenn T Ault
BACKGROUND: Outpatient laparoscopic appendectomy is being used increasingly as a treatment option for acute, uncomplicated appendicitis. This was a prospective validation study in a large, urban, public safety-net hospital. STUDY DESIGN: From 2014 to 2016, all patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy for acute, uncomplicated appendicitis were enrolled in a prospective observational trial. Standard baseline perioperative practice (control group) was documented for 1 year...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424822/rapid-non-contrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-post-appendectomy-intra-abdominal-abscess-in-children
#14
Megan H Lee, Eric P Eutsler, Elizabeth F Sheybani, Geetika Khanna
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis, especially if perforated at presentation, is often complicated by postoperative abscess formation. The detection of a postoperative abscess relies primarily on imaging. This has traditionally been done with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to accurately detect intra-abdominal abscesses, especially with the use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our single-center experience with a rapid non-contrast MRI protocol evaluating post-appendectomy abscesses in children with persistent postsurgical symptoms...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423177/comparison-of-appendectomy-outcomes-between-senior-general-surgeons-and-general-surgery-residents
#15
Baha Siam, Abbas Al-Kurd, Natalia Simanovsky, Haitham Awesat, Yahav Cohn, Brigitte Helou, Ahmed Eid, Haggi Mazeh
Importance: In some centers, the presence of a senior general surgeon (SGS) is obligatory in every procedure, including appendectomy, while in others it is not. There is a relative paucity in the literature of reports comparing the outcomes of appendectomies performed by unsupervised general surgery residents (GSRs) with those performed in the presence of an SGS. Objective: To compare the outcomes of appendectomies performed by SGSs with those performed by GSRs...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421971/-posttraumatic-appendicitis
#16
S Klis, T L Trang, M F Lutke Holzik
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic appendicitis is an appendicitis that develops as a consequence of abdominal trauma. Trauma is a relatively rare cause of appendicitis which is nowadays rarely mentioned in surgical textbooks. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of a 12-year-old girl who presented to the emergency department six days after abdominal trauma caused by a fall from an electrical bicycle, complaining of fever and abdominal pain. Her symptoms were caused by a perforated appendicitis...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421569/two-step-procedure-for-complicated-appendicitis-with-perityphlitic-abscess-formation
#17
Almir Miftaroski, Ulf Kessler, Etienne Monnard, Bernhard Egger
PRINCIPLES: Optimal management of perforated appendicitis with perityphlitic phlegmon or abscess formation is controversial. The aim of the study was to assess the outcome after a two-step procedure to treat patients with perityphlitic abscess formation. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed prospectively collected data from a single-centre database that included adult patients who had appendicitis and perityphlitic abscess (>=3 cm) but no generalised peritonitis, and were treated in 2007-2015...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413377/mimicry-of-appendicitis-symptomatology-in-congenital-anomalies-and-diseases-of-the-genitourinary-system-and-pregnancy
#18
REVIEW
Amanda Dalpiaz, Jason Gandhi, Noel L Smith, Gautam Dagur, Richard Schwamb, Steven J Weissbart, Sardar Ali Khan
INTRODUCTION: Appendicitis is a prevailing cause of acute abdomen, but is often difficult to diagnose due to its wide range of symptoms, anatomical variations, and developmental abnormalities. Urological disorders of the genitourinary tract may be closely related to appendicitis due to the close proximity of the appendix to the genitourinary tract. This review provides a summary of the urological complications and simulations of appendicitis. Both typical and urological symptoms of appendicitis are discussed, as well as recommended diagnostic and treatment methods...
January 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409666/evaluating-the-feasibility-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-appendectomy-performed-by-a-resident-based-on-propensity-score-matching
#19
Sung Min Lee, Dong Jin Park, Jong Hee Yoon, Soon Young Tae, Song Soo Yang, Yeong Cheol Im
PURPOSE: Conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA) has been considered the standard for the treatment of acute appendicitis. Recently, single incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA) has become an alternative option. There are few reports on the results of SILA performed by residents during the training period. The present study, we report our residents' experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed clinical characteristics and outcomes of 1005 patients who underwent appendectomy between October 2013 and April 2016...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408075/effect-of-hospital-type-on-the-treatment-of-acute-appendicitis-in-teenagers
#20
Cristen N Litz, David J Ciesla, Paul D Danielson, Nicole M Chandler
BACKGROUND: Teenagers receive appendicitis care at both adult and pediatric facilities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes following treatment of acute appendicitis in teenagers based on the type of hospital facility. METHODS: Patients aged 13-17years with acute appendicitis who were discharged from acute care hospitals from 2009 to 2014 were identified using a statewide discharge dataset. Hospitals were classified as pediatric or adult and outcomes were compared...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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