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TAI CHI CHUAN

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984177/effect-of-tai-chi-chuan-on-degeneration-of-lumbar-vertebrae-and-lumbar-discs-in-middle-aged-and-aged-people-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-magnetic-resonance-images
#1
Chenghu Deng, Wei Xia
Objective Exercise has a positive effect on physical fitness. Tai Chi Chuan is a traditional Chinese aerobic exercise. We assessed the effect of Tai Chi on the degeneration of lumbar vertebrae and lumbar discs with magnetic resonance images. Methods This retrospective cohort study involved 2 groups of participants: 27 Tai Chi practitioners with more than 4 years of experience with regular Tai Chi exercise and 24 sex- and age-matched participants without Tai Chi experience. The lumbar magnetic resonance images of all participants were collected...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869478/tai-chi-chuan-and-baduanjin-increase-grey-matter-volume-in-older-adults-a-brain-imaging-study
#2
Jing Tao, Jiao Liu, Weilin Liu, Jia Huang, Xiehua Xue, Xiangli Chen, Jinsong Wu, Guohua Zheng, Bai Chen, Ming Li, Sharon Sun, Kristen Jorgenson, Courtney Lang, Kun Hu, Shanjia Chen, Lidian Chen, Jian Kong
The aim of this study is to investigate and compare how 12-weeks of Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin exercise can modulate brain structure and memory function in older adults. Magnetic resonance imaging and memory function measurements (Wechsler Memory Scale-Chinese revised, WMS-CR) were applied at both the beginning and end of the study. Results showed that both Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin could significantly increase grey matter volume (GMV) in the insula, medial temporal lobe, and putamen after 12-weeks of exercise...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831179/global-proteomics-based-identification-and-validation-of-thymosin-beta-4-x-linked-as-a-prognostic-marker-for-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Li-Hsing Chi, Wei-Min Chang, Yu-Chan Chang, Yung-Chieh Chan, Chia-Chen Tai, Kam-Wing Leung, Chi-Long Chen, Alexander Th Wu, Tsung-Ching Lai, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Michael Hsiao
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents a major health concern worldwide. We applied the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) to analyze paired normal (N) and tumor (T) samples from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma as well as liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis in HNSCC cell lines to identify tumor-associated biomarkers. Our results showed a number of proteins found to be over-expressed in HNSCC. We identified thymosin beta-4 X-linked (TMSB4X) is one of the most significant candidate biomarkers...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817703/quality-of-life-of-inguinal-hernia-patients-in-taiwan-the-application-of-the-hernia-specific-quality-of-life-assessment-instrument
#4
Chi-Cheng Huang, Feng-Chuan Tai, Tzung-Hsin Chou, Heng-Hui Lien, Jaan-Yeh Jeng, Thien-Fiew Ho, Ching-Shui Huang
BACKGROUND: With the development of prosthetic mesh and tension free techniques, the recurrence rate following inguinal hernia repair has been reduced, and hernia outcomes research should focus on post-operative quality of life and potential complications. STUDY DESIGN: A novel hernia quality of life assessment instrument, HERQL, was developed. The HERQL questionnaire comprises a 4-item summative pain score measuring pain and discomfort resulting from various strenuous activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736535/mind-body-practice-changes-fractional-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-in-intrinsic-control-networks
#5
Gao-Xia Wei, Zhu-Qing Gong, Zhi Yang, Xi-Nian Zuo
Cognitive control impairment is a typical symptom largely reported in populations with neurological disorders. Previous studies have provided evidence about the changes in cognitive control induced by mind-body training. However, the neural correlates underlying the effect of extensive mind-body practice on cognitive control remain largely unknown. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, we characterized dynamic fluctuations in large-scale intrinsic connectivity networks associated with mind-body practice, and examined their differences between healthy controls and Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practitioners...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491110/tai-chi-chuan-exercise-improves-pulmonary-function-and-decreases-exhaled-nitric-oxide-level-in-both-asthmatic-and-nonasthmatic-children-and-improves-quality-of-life-in-children-with-asthma
#6
Hsin-Chia Lin, Hao-Pai Lin, Hsin-Hui Yu, Li-Chieh Wang, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pei-Yi Li, Wei-Zen Sun, Bor-Luen Chiang
Tai-Chi-Chuan (TCC) is an exercise of low-to-moderate intensity which is suitable for asthmatic patients. The aim of our study is to investigate improvements of the lung function, airway inflammation, and quality of life of asthmatic children after TCC. Participants included sixty-one elementary school students and they were divided into asthmatic (n = 29) and nonasthmatic (n = 32) groups by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Among them, 20 asthmatic and 18 nonasthmatic children volunteered to participate in a 60-minute TCC exercise weekly for 12 weeks...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387117/performance-characterization-of-dye-sensitized-photovoltaics-under-indoor-lighting
#7
Chia-Yuan Chen, Zih-Hong Jian, Shih-Han Huang, Kun-Mu Lee, Ming-Hsuan Kao, Chang-Hong Shen, Jia-Min Shieh, Chin-Li Wang, Chiung-Wen Chang, Bo-Zhi Lin, Ching-Yao Lin, Ting-Kuang Chang, Yun Chi, Cheng-Yu Chi, Wei-Ting Wang, Yian Tai, Ming-De Lu, Yung-Liang Tung, Po-Ting Chou, Wen-Ti Wu, Tahsin J Chow, Peter Chen, Xiang-Hao Luo, Yuh-Lang Lee, Chih-Chung Wu, Chih-Ming Chen, Chen-Yu Yeh, Miao-Syuan Fan, Jia-De Peng, Kuo-Chuan Ho, Yu-Nan Liu, Hsiao-Yi Lee, Chien-Yu Chen, Hao-Wu Lin, Chia-Te Yen, Yu-Ching Huang, Cheng-Si Tsao, Yu-Chien Ting, Tzu-Chien Wei, Chun-Guey Wu
Indoor utilization of emerging photovoltaics is promising; however, efficiency characterization under room lighting is challenging. We report the first round-robin interlaboratory study of performance measurement for dye-sensitized photovoltaics (cells and mini-modules) and one silicon solar cell under a fluorescent dim light. Among 15 research groups, the relative deviation in power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the samples reaches an unprecedented 152%. On the basis of the comprehensive results, the gap between photometry and radiometry measurements and the response of devices to the dim illumination are identified as critical obstacles to the correct PCE...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276869/comorbidities-and-risk-of-mortality-in-patients-with-sleep-apnea
#8
Chi-Lu Chiang, Yung-Tai Chen, Kang-Ling Wang, Vincent Yi-Fong Su, Li-An Wu, Diahn-Warng Perng, Shi-Chuan Chang, Yuh-Min Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Kun-Ta Chou
BACKGROUND: A variety of disorders, most notably cardiovascular diseases, was linked to sleep apnea (SA), but their impact on mortality of SA patients had not been systematically investigated. We aimed to develop a composite index based on the comorbidity burden to predict mortality risk. METHODS: Using Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 9853 adult SA patients were enrolled and their comorbidity profile at baseline was recorded. The subjects were followed from 1995 till death or the end of 2011...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243308/application-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-in-treatment-of-atrial-fibrillation
#9
REVIEW
Yan Dong, Jiangquan Liao, Kuiwu Yao, Wenrui Jiang, Jie Wang
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, which is related to many cardiac and cerebral vascular diseases, especially stroke. It can therefore increase cardiovascular mortality and all-cause death. The current treatments of AF remain to be western drugs and radiofrequency ablation which are limited by the tolerance of patients, adverse side effects, and high recurrence rate, especially for the elderly. On the contrary, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with long history of use involves various treatment methods, including Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) or bioactive ingredients, Chinese patent medicines, acupuncture, Qigong, and Tai Chi Chuan...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169310/tai-chi-chuan-and-baduanjin-practice-modulates-functional-connectivity-of-the-cognitive-control-network-in-older-adults
#10
Jing Tao, Xiangli Chen, Natalia Egorova, Jiao Liu, Xiehua Xue, Qin Wang, Guohua Zheng, Moyi Li, Wenjun Hong, Sharon Sun, Lidian Chen, Jian Kong
Cognitive impairment is one of the most common problem saffecting older adults. In this study, we investigated whether Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin practice can modulate mental control functionand the resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the cognitive control network in older adults. Participants in the two exercise groups practiced either Tai Chi Chuan or Baduanjin for 12 weeks, and those in the control group received basic health education. Memory tests and fMRI scans were conducted at baseline and at the end of the study...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988242/home-based-tai-chi-chuan-may-reduce-fall-rate-compared-to-lower-extremity-exercise-training-in-older-adults-with-history-of-falls
#11
COMMENT
Richard Glickman-Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895522/effects-of-tai-chi-chuan-on-anxiety-and-sleep-quality-in-young-adults-lessons-from-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#13
Karen L Caldwell, Shawn M Bergman, Scott R Collier, N Travis Triplett, Rebecca Quin, John Bergquist, Carl F Pieper
OBJECTIVE: To determine feasibility and estimate the effect of a 10-week tai chi chuan (TCC) intervention on anxiety and sleep quality in young adults. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five adults (18-40 years) from a predominately undergraduate midsized university. METHODS: This was an assessor blinded, randomized feasibility trial, and participants were randomized into one of three groups: 10 weeks of TCC meeting 2 times per week, 10 weeks of TCC with a DVD of the curriculum, and control group receiving a handout on anxiety management...
2016: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676949/martials-arts-use-in-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-literature-review-and-perspectives
#14
Duong-Minh Nguyen, Isabelle Laffont, Arnaud Dupeyron
OBJECTIVE: Martial arts are physical and meditative discipline available as complementary strategies able to improve functional capacity, physical performances, postural control of patients suffering from chronical diseases. They can probably slow their clinical evolution. The objective of this communication is a review of the literature about the effects of martial arts training into a said chronical disease. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature research in PubMed and Pedro databases was performed with the following keywords: martial arts, rehabilitation, chronic disease, neurologic disorders, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, musculo-squelettal disorders, low back pain...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635148/the-effects-of-tai-chi-chuan-on-improving-mind-body-health-for-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Wen-Dien Chang, Shuya Chen, Chia-Lun Lee, Hung-Yu Lin, Ping-Tung Lai
Purpose. To conduct a meta-analysis and systematic review examining whether Tai Chi Chuan could have mental and physical benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods. MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant studies. Data of the studies were collected, and outcomes were classified using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health model. Effect sizes of the mental and physical components were determined, along with the recommendation grades of Philadelphia Panel Classification System for Tai Chi Chuan on knee osteoarthritis...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630430/correlation-between-center-of-pressure-and-functional-balance-in-non-faller-elderly-practitioners-of-tai-chi-chuan
#16
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Rodrigo Salgado-Méndez, Rodolfo Castro-Ramírez
[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the correlation between center of pressure and functional balance in non-faller elderly practitioners of Tai Chi. [Subjects and Methods] For the study, nine non-faller elderly practitioners of Tai Chi who were able to maintain a standing posture and walk independently were recruited. Timed one-leg standing and timed up-and-go tests were used as functional balance tests and force platform to measure the center of pressure. The Pearson correlation coefficient was calculated for the timed up-and-go/timed one-leg standing test scores and center of pressure parameter values...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546777/nationwide-epidemiology-and-prognosis-of-dialysis-requiring-acute-kidney-injury-nep-aki-d-study-design-and-methods
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Chih-Chung Shiao, Pei-Chen Wu, Vin-Cent Wu, Jui-Hsiang Lin, Heng-Chih Pan, Ya-Fei Yang, Tai-Shuan Lai, Tao-Min Huang, Che-Hsiung Wu, Wei-Shun Yang, Chih-Jen Wu, Chih-Chin Kao, Chiao-Yin Sun, Chun-Te Huang, Kuo-Hua Lee, Chan-Yu Lin, Te-Chuan Chen, Fu-Chang Hu, Hung-Hsiang Liou, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Kuo-Liong Chien, Jian-Jhong Wang, Wei-Chih Kan, Feng-Chi Kuo, Hugo You-Hsien Lin, Cheng-Min Chen, Zi-Hong You, Jen-Pi Tsai, Chih-Jen Weng, Hung-Yuan Chen, Chao-Fu Chang, Wen-Ding Hsu, Mai-Szu Wu, Chiu-Ching Huang, Kwan-Dun Wu
AIM: Acute kidney injury (AKI) carries an increasing incidence rate worldwide and increases the risk of developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD) as well as the medical expenses during the post-AKI course. The Taiwan Consortium for Acute Kidney Injury and Renal Diseases (CAKs) has thus launched a nationwide epidemiology and prognosis of dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (NEP-AKI-D) study, which prospectively enrols critically ill patients with AKI. Through thoroughly evaluating the risk and prognostic factors of AKI, we hope to lower the incidence of AKI and ESRD from the perspective of AKI-ESRD interaction...
September 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365263/a-case-series-on-the-use-of-circumferential-radiofrequency-ablation-for-early-esophageal-squamous-neoplasias-in-patients-with-esophageal-varices
#18
Wen-Lun Wang, I-Wei Chang, Chien-Chuan Chen, Chi-Yang Chang, Lein-Ray Mo, Jaw-Town Lin, Hsiu-Po Wang, Ching-Tai Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a rapidly evolving therapeutic modality for early esophageal squamous cell neoplasias (ESCNs). However, the feasibility of RFA for ESCNs in the setting of esophageal varices has not been reported. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 8 consecutive patients with cirrhosis (Child-Pugh score ≤6) with early flat-type ESCNs (high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia/intramucosal cancer, and Lugol unstained lesion [USL] length ≥3 cm extending ≥1/2 the circumference) on or adjacent to esophageal varices, for which circumferential RFA was applied as the initial treatment...
February 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134656/predictors-for-postoperative-esophageal-stricture-after-balloon-based-radiofrequency-ablation-for-early-esophageal-squamous-neoplasia-a-multicenter-validation-study
#19
Wen-Lun Wang, I-Wei Chang, Chien-Chuan Chen, Wei-Lun Chang, Yin-Yi Chu, Ping-Hsiu Wu, Wei-Chen Tai, Po-Yueh Chen, Ping-Hsin Hsieh, Chen-Shuan Chung, Chi-Yang Chang, Jaw-Town Lin, Hsiu-Po Wang, Ching-Tai Lee
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a rapidly evolving therapeutic modality for early flat esophageal squamous cell neoplasms (ESCNs), but the risk factors for postoperative stricture have not been elucidated. The objective of this study was to identify and validate a predictor for post-RFA stenosis. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled patients with flat-type 'large' (length no less than 3 cm extending no less than half the circumference of the esophagus), early ESCNs, treated with balloon-based RFA (12 J/cm(2)-clean-12 J/cm(2) regimen)...
May 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27082574/the-spatial-predilection-for-early-esophageal-squamous-cell-neoplasia-a-hot-zone-for-endoscopic-screening-and-surveillance
#20
Wen-Lun Wang, I-Wei Chang, Chien-Chuan Chen, Chi-Yang Chang, Jaw-Town Lin, Lein-Ray Mo, Hsiu-Po Wang, Ching-Tai Lee
Early esophageal squamous cell neoplasias (ESCNs) are easily missed with conventional white-light endoscopy. This study aimed to assess whether early ESCNs have a spatial predilection and the patterns of recurrence after endoscopic treatment. We analyzed the circumferential and longitudinal location of early ESCNs, as well as their correlations with exposure to carcinogens in a cohort of 162 subjects with 248 early ESCNs; 219 of which were identified by screening and 29 by surveillance endoscopy. The circumferential location was identified using a clock-face orientation, and the longitudinal location was identified according to the distance from the incisor...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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