keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Endgames

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928321/opening-gambit-strategic-options-to-initiate-the-tobacco-endgame
#1
Pranay Lal, Rana J Singh, Ashish Kumar Pandey
Endgame strategies to rapidly hasten the decline of tobacco are already well within reach; a few plausible policy options are outlined herein for policy practitioners, tobacco control advocates, and public health specialists. The implementation of these measures which already exist within the gamut of existing legislation requires the galvanization of political will. The options we essay include liquidating existing public investments in tobacco, holding tobacco companies accountable within the jurisdictions of their operations, fixing liability for injury and the imposition of realistic costs on insurance providers...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926080/polio-n%C3%A3-rmar-sig-utrotning
#2
Erling Norrby, Ingrid Uhnoo, Mia Brytting, Katherina Zakikhany, Tiia Lepp, Patrick Olin
Polio close to eradication The WHO Global Polio Eradication Initiative has been highly successful. With a dramatic decrease in polio since it started in 1988, the number of globally reported cases reached a record low of 37 in 2016. This article describes the WHO Endgame Strategic Plan including milestones that have been reached and challenges that have to be overcome in order to reach the goal of polio eradication by 2020. Efforts to strengthen immunizations systems and to detect and interrupt polio virus transmission focus on the three remaining endemic countries, namely Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria...
September 19, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878428/elimination-of-guinea-worm-disease-in-ethiopia-current-status-of-the-disease-s-eradication-strategies-and-challenges-to-the-end-game
#3
Habtamu Bedimo Beyene, Abyot Bekele, Amanu Shifara, Yehenew A Ebstie, Zelalem Desalegn, Zeyede Kebede, Abate Mulugeta, Kebede Deribe, Zerihun Tadesse, Tamrat Abebe, Biruck Kebede, Getaneh Abrha, Daddi Jima
Dracunculiasis, also named Guinea Worm Disease (GWD), is one of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) caused by a parasitic nematode known as Dracunculus medinensis and has been known since antiquity as 'fiery serpent' from Israelites. It is transmitted to humans via drinking contaminated water containing infective copepods. Given, its feasibility for eradication, the Guinea Worm Eradication Program (GWEP) was launched in 1980 with the aim of eradicating the disease. Since its inception, GWEP has made an extraordinary progress in interrupting transmission...
2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838203/lessons-learned-from-managing-the-planning-and-implementation-of-inactivated-polio-vaccine-introduction-in-support-of-the-polio-endgame
#4
Simona Zipursky, Manish Patel, Margaret Farrell, Alejandro Ramirez Gonzalez, Tasleem Kachra, Yann Folly, Feyrouz Kurji, Chantal Laroche Veira, Emily Wootton, Lee M Hampton
The Immunization Systems Management Group (IMG) was established as a time-limited entity, responsible for the management and coordination of Objective 2 of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan. This objective called for the introduction of at least 1 dose of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into the routine immunization programs of all countries using oral polio vaccine (OPV) only. Despite global vaccine shortages, which limited countries' abilities to access IPV in a timely manner, 105 of 126 countries using OPV only introduced IPV within a 2...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838199/introduction-of-inactivated-polio-vaccine-withdrawal-of-type-2-oral-polio-vaccine-and-routine-immunization-strengthening-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#5
Kamal Fahmy, Lee M Hampton, Houda Langar, Manish Patel, Tahir Mir, Chandrasegarar Soloman, Andreas Hasman, Nasir Yusuf, Nadia Teleb
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative has reduced the global incidence of polio by 99% and the number of countries with endemic polio from 125 to 3 countries. The Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 (Endgame Plan) was developed to end polio disease. Key elements of the endgame plan include strengthening immunization systems using polio assets, introducing inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), and replacing trivalent oral polio vaccine with bivalent oral polio vaccine ("the switch"). Although coverage in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) with the third dose of a vaccine containing diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis antigens (DTP3) was ≥90% in 14 countries in 2015, DTP3 coverage in EMR dropped from 86% in 2010 to 80% in 2015 due to civil disorder in multiple countries...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838198/lessons-from-globally-coordinated-cessation-of-serotype-2-oral-poliovirus-vaccine-for-the-remaining-serotypes
#6
Kimberly M Thompson, Radboud J Duintjer Tebbens
Background: Comparing model expectations with the experience of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) containing serotype 2 (OPV2) cessation can inform risk management for the expected cessation of OPV containing serotypes 1 and 3 (OPV13). Methods: We compare the expected post-OPV2-cessation OPV2-related viruses from models with the evidence available approximately 6 months after OPV2 cessation. We also model the trade-offs of use vs nonuse of monovalent OPV (mOPV) for outbreak response considering all 3 serotypes...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838196/addressing-the-challenges-and-opportunities-of-the-polio-endgame-lessons-for-the-future
#7
Manish Patel, Stephen Cochi
The Global Commission for the Certification of the Eradication of Poliomyelitis certified the eradication of type 2 poliovirus in September 2015, making type 2 poliovirus the first human pathogen to be eradicated since smallpox. The eradication of type 2 poliovirus, the absence of detection of type 3 poliovirus worldwide since November 2012, and cornering type 1 poliovirus to only a few geographic areas of 3 countries has enabled implementation of the endgame of polio eradication which calls for a phased withdrawal of oral polio vaccine beginning with the type 2 component, introduction of inactivated poliovirus vaccine, strengthening of routine immunization in countries with extensive polio resources, and initiating activities to transition polio resources, program experience, and lessons learned to other global health initiatives...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838194/lessons-from-the-polio-endgame-overcoming-the-failure-to-vaccinate-and-the-role-of-subpopulations-in-maintaining-transmission
#8
Kimberly M Thompson, Radboud J Duintjer Tebbens
Background: Recent detections of circulating serotype 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus in northern Nigeria (Borno and Sokoto states) and Pakistan (Balochistan Province) and serotype 1 wild poliovirus in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria (Borno) represent public health emergencies that require aggressive response. Methods: We demonstrate the importance of undervaccinated subpopulations, using an existing dynamic poliovirus transmission and oral poliovirus vaccine evolution model...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838189/communications-immunization-and-polio-vaccines-lessons-from-a-global-perspective-on-generating-political-will-informing-decision-making-and-planning-and-engaging-local-support
#9
Lisa Menning, Gaurav Garg, Deepa Pokharel, Elizabeth Thrush, Margaret Farrell, Frederic Kunjbe Kodio, Chantal Laroche Veira, Sarah Wanyoike, Suleman Malik, Manish Patel, Oliver Rosenbauer
The requirements under objective 2 of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018-to introduce at least 1 dose of inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV); withdraw oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV), starting with the type 2 component; and strengthen routine immunization programs-set an ambitious series of targets for countries. Effective implementation of IPV introduction and the switch from trivalent OPV (containing types 1, 2, and 3 poliovirus) to bivalent OPV (containing types 1 and 3 poliovirus) called for intense global communications and coordination on an unprecedented scale from 2014 to 2016, involving global public health technical agencies and donors, vaccine manufacturers, World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund regional offices, and national governments...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838187/experiences-and-lessons-from-polio-eradication-applied-to-immunization-in-10-focus-countries-of-the-polio-endgame-strategic-plan
#10
Maya M V X van den Ent, Apoorva Mallya, Hardeep Sandhu, Blanche-Philomene Anya, Nasir Yusuf, Marcelline Ntakibirora, Andreas Hasman, Kamal Fahmy, John Agbor, Melissa Corkum, Kyandindi Sumaili, Anisur Rahman Siddique, Jane Bammeke, Fiona Braka, Rija Andriamihantanirina, Antoine-Marie C Ziao, Clement Djumo, Moise Desire Yapi, Stephen Sosler, Rudolf Eggers
Nine polio areas of expertise were applied to broader immunization and mother, newborn and child health goals in ten focus countries of the Polio Eradication Endgame Strategic Plan: policy & strategy development, planning, management and oversight (accountability framework), implementation & service delivery, monitoring, communications & community engagement, disease surveillance & data analysis, technical quality & capacity building, and partnerships. Although coverage improvements depend on multiple factors and increased coverage cannot be attributed to the use of polio assets alone, 6 out of the 10 focus countries improved coverage in three doses of diphtheria tetanus pertussis containing vaccine between 2013 and 2015...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838180/monitoring-results-in-routine-immunization-development-of-routine-immunization-dashboard-in-selected-african-countries-in-the-context-of-the-polio-eradication-endgame-strategic-plan
#11
Alain Poy, Maya M V X van den Ent, Stephen Sosler, Alan R Hinman, Sidney Brown, Samir Sodha, Daniel C Ehlman, Aaron S Wallace, Richard Mihigo
Background: To monitor immunization-system strengthening in the Polio Eradication Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 (PEESP), the Global Polio Eradication Initiative identified 1 indicator: 10% annual improvement in third dose of diphtheria- tetanus-pertussis-containing vaccine (DTP3) coverage in polio high-risk districts of 10 polio focus countries. Methods: A multiagency team, including staff from the African Region, developed a comprehensive list of outcome and process indicators measuring various aspects of the performance of an immunization system...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838178/introduction-of-inactivated-poliovirus-vaccine-and-trivalent-oral-polio-vaccine-bivalent-oral-polio-vaccine-switch-in-the-african-region
#12
Carol Tevi-Benissan, Joseph Okeibunor, Gaël Maufras du Châtellier, Afework Assefa, Joseph Nsiari-Muzenyi Biey, Dah Cheikh, Messeret Eshetu, Blanche-Philomene Anya, Halima Dao, Yusuf Nasir, Bartholomew Dicky Akanmori, Richard Mihigo
The Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic plan outlines the phased removal of oral polio vaccines (OPVs), starting with type 2 poliovirus-containing vaccine and introduction of inactivated polio vaccine in routine immunization to mitigate against risk of vaccine-associated paralytic polio and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus. The objective includes strengthening routine immunization as the primary pillar to sustaining high population immunity. After 2 years without reporting any wild poliovirus (July 2014-2016), the region undertook the synchronized switch from trivalent OPV (tOPV) to bivalent OPV (bOPV) as recommended by the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838176/the-role-of-national-immunization-technical-advisory-groups-nitags-in-the-introduction-of-inactivated-polio-vaccine-experience-of-the-indonesia-and-uganda-nitags
#13
Antoinette Ba-Nguz, Alex Adjagba, Toto Wisnu Hendrarto, Nelson K Sewankambo, Celia Nalwadda, Annette Kisakye
Background: National Immunization Technical Advisory Groups (NITAGs) are established by national authorities to provide them with independent, bias-free, objective, and evidence-based advice on vaccines and immunization challenges. As of December 2015, 125 countries have reported having set up an NITAG. The Health Policy and Institutional Development Center at the Agence de Médecine Préventive, a World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborative Center for evidence-informed immunization, through its Supporting Independent Immunization and Vaccine Advisory Committees (SIVAC) Initiative project, provides assistance to low- and middle-income countries in the establishment and strengthening of their NITAGs...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838174/polio-endgame-lessons-learned-from-the-immunization-systems-management-group
#14
Simona Zipursky, Jos Vandelaer, Alan Brooks, Vance Dietz, Tasleem Kachra, Margaret Farrell, Ann Ottosen, John L Sever, Michel J Zaffran
The Immunization Systems Management Group (IMG) was established to coordinate and oversee objective 2 of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018, namely, (1) introduction of ≥1 dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine in all 126 countries using oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) only as of 2012, (2) full withdrawal of OPV, starting with the withdrawal of its type 2 component, and (3) using polio assets to strengthen immunization systems in 10 priority countries. The IMG's inclusive, transparent, and partnership-focused approach proved an effective means of leveraging the comparative and complementary strengths of each IMG member agency...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838169/exceptional-financial-support-for-introduction-of-inactivated-polio-vaccine-in-middle-income-countries
#15
Anne-Line Blankenhorn, Tania Cernuschi, Michel J Zaffran
In May 2012, the World Health Assembly declared the completion of poliovirus eradication a programmatic emergency for global public health and called for a comprehensive polio endgame strategy. The Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 was developed in response to this call and demands that all countries using Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) only introduce at least 1 dose of Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) into routine immunization schedules by the end of 2015. In November 2013, the Board of Gavi (the Vaccine Alliance) approved the provision of support for IPV introduction in the 72 Gavi-eligible countries...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838167/managing-the-planned-cessation-of-a-global-supply-market-lessons-learned-from-the-global-cessation-of-the-trivalent-oral-poliovirus-vaccine-market
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer Rubin, Ann Ottosen, Andisheh Ghazieh, Jacqueline Fournier-Caruana, Abraham Kofi Ntow, Alejandro Ramirez Gonzalez
The Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 calls for the phased withdrawal of OPV, beginning with the globally synchronized cessation of tOPV by mid 2016. From a global vaccine supply management perspective, the strategy provided two key challenges; (1) the planned cessation of a high volume vaccine market; and (2) the uncertainty of demand leading and timeline as total vaccine requirements were contingent on epidemiology. The withdrawal of trivalent OPV provided a number of useful lessons that could be applied for the final OPV cessation...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838165/contribution-of-global-polio-eradication-initiative-funded-personnel-to-the-strengthening-of-routine-immunization-programs-in-the-10-focus-countries-of-the-polio-eradication-and-endgame-strategic-plan
#17
Maya M V X van den Ent, Rachel D Swift, Sameer Anaokar, Lea Anne Hegg, Rudolf Eggers, Stephen L Cochi
Background: The Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan (PEESP) established a target that at least 50% of the time of personnel receiving funding from the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) for polio eradication activities (hereafter, "GPEI-funded personnel") should be dedicated to the strengthening of immunization systems. This article describes the self-reported profile of how GPEI-funded personnel allocate their time toward immunization goals and activities beyond those associated with polio, the training they have received to conduct tasks to strengthen routine immunization systems, and the type of tasks they have conducted...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838163/using-the-stop-transmission-of-polio-stop-program-to-develop-a-south-sudan-expanded-program-on-immunization-workforce
#18
Dieula D Tchoualeu, Margaret A Hercules, William B Mbabazi, Anthony L Kirbak, Abdulmumini Usman, Ketema Bizuneh, Hardeep S Sandhu
In 2009, the international Stop Transmission of Polio (STOP) program began supporting the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in the Republic of South Sudan to address shortages of human resources and strengthen acute flaccid paralysis surveillance. Workforce capacity support is provided to the South Sudan Expanded Program on Immunization by STOP volunteers, implementing partners, and non-governmental organizations. In 2013, the Polio Technical Advisory Group recommended that South Sudan transition key technical support from external partners to national staff as part of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan, 2013-2018...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838162/monitoring-and-validation-of-the-global-replacement-of-topv-with-bopv-april-may-2016
#19
Margaret Farrell, Lee M Hampton, Stephanie Shendale, Lisa Menning, Alejandro Ramirez Gonzalez, Julie Garon, Samantha B Dolan, Gaël Maufras du Châtellier, Sarah Wanyoike, Diana Chang Blanc, Manish M Patel
The phased withdrawal of oral polio vaccine (OPV) associated with the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 began with the synchronized global replacement of trivalent OPV (tOPV) with bivalent OPV (bOPV) during April - May 2016, a transition referred to as the "switch." The World Health Organization's (WHO) Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization recommended conducting this synchronized switch in all 155 OPV-using countries and territories (which collectively administered several hundred million doses of tOPV each year via several hundred thousand facilities) to reduce risks of re-emergence of vaccine-derived polioviruses...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838159/a-supply-and-demand-management-perspective-on-the-accelerated-global-introductions-of-inactivated-poliovirus-vaccine-in-a-constrained-supply-market
#20
Ian Lewis, Ann Ottosen, Jennifer Rubin, Diana Chang Blanc, Simona Zipursky, Emily Wootton
A total of 105 countries have introduced IPV as of September 2016 of which 85 have procured the vaccine through UNICEF. The Global Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 called for the rapid introduction of at least one dose of IPV into routine immunization schedules in 126 all OPV-using countries by the end of 2015. At the time of initiating the procurement process, demand was estimated based on global modeling rather than individual country indications. In its capacity as procurement agency for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, UNICEF set out to secure access to IPV supply for around 100 countries...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
65096
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"