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CORRECTIONAL HEALTH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334052/identifying-fallers-among-ophthalmic-patients-using-classification-tree-methodology
#1
Paolo Melillo, Ada Orrico, Franco Chirico, Leandro Pecchia, Settimio Rossi, Francesco Testa, Francesca Simonelli
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a tool aiming to support ophthalmologists in identifying, during routine ophthalmologic visits, patients at higher risk of falling in the following year. METHODS: A group of 141 subjects (age: 73.2 ± 11.4 years), recruited at our Eye Clinic, underwent a baseline ophthalmic examination and a standardized questionnaire, including lifestyles, general health, social engagement and eyesight problems. Moreover, visual disability was assessed by the Activity of Daily Vision Scale (ADVS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334030/measuring-mortality-due-to-hiv-associated-tuberculosis-among-adults-in-south-africa-comparing-verbal-autopsy-minimally-invasive-autopsy-and-research-data
#2
Aaron S Karat, Mpho Tlali, Katherine L Fielding, Salome Charalambous, Violet N Chihota, Gavin J Churchyard, Yasmeen Hanifa, Suzanne Johnson, Kerrigan McCarthy, Neil A Martinson, Tanvier Omar, Kathleen Kahn, Daniel Chandramohan, Alison D Grant
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to reduce tuberculosis (TB) deaths by 95% by 2035; tracking progress requires accurate measurement of TB mortality. International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes do not differentiate between HIV-associated TB and HIV more generally. Verbal autopsy (VA) is used to estimate cause of death (CoD) patterns but has mostly been validated against a suboptimal gold standard for HIV and TB. This study, conducted among HIV-positive adults, aimed to estimate the accuracy of VA in ascertaining TB and HIV CoD when compared to a reference standard derived from a variety of clinical sources including, in some, minimally-invasive autopsy (MIA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331762/the-determination-of-knowledge-applications-and-health-beliefs-of-third-and-fourth-grade-nursing-students-regarding-breast-self-exam
#3
Aygül Kıssal, Bahtışen Kartal, Öznur Çetin
OBJECTIVE: Breast Self-Exam (BSE) is a screening method for the early diagnosis of breast cancer in young women. However, the knowledge and applications of the students related to Breast Self-Exam (BSE) are insufficient. This study aims to investigate the knowledge, application and health beliefs of the students related to BSE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study's sample consisted of 127 third and fourth grade students in the Nursing Department. Socio-demographic Form, Breast Cancer Knowledge Form, Health Belief Model Scale and BSE Checklist were used in order to collect the data...
January 2017: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331607/-simplified-international-recommendations-for-the-implementation-of-patient-blood-management-sir4pbm
#4
Patrick Meybohm, Bernd Froessler, Lawrence T Goodnough, Andrew A Klein, Manuel Muñoz, Michael F Murphy, Toby Richards, Aryeh Shander, Donat R Spahn, Kai Zacharowski
BACKGROUND: More than 30% of the world's population are anemic with serious medical and economic consequences. Red blood cell transfusion is the mainstay to correct anemia, but it is also one of the top five overused procedures and carries its own risk and cost burden. Patient blood management (PBM) is a patient-centered and multidisciplinary approach to manage anemia, minimize iatrogenic blood loss, and harness tolerance to anemia in an effort to improve patient outcome. Despite resolution 63...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330608/correction-to-lancet-glob-health-2016-5-e392-93
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329829/-end-of-life-care-i-m-not-going-to-worry-about-that-yet-health-literacy-gaps-and-end-of-life-planning-among-elderly-dialysis-patients
#6
Keren Ladin, Katie Buttafarro, Emily Hahn, Susan Koch-Weser, Daniel E Weiner
Purpose: Between 2000 and 2012, the incident dialysis population in the United States increased by nearly 60%, most sharply among adults 75 years and older. End-of-life (EOL) conversations among dialysis patients are associated with better patient-centered outcomes and lower use of aggressive interventions in the last month of life. This study examined how health literacy may affect engagement, comprehension, and satisfaction with EOL conversations among elderly dialysis patients. Design and Methods: Qualitative/descriptive study with semi-structured interviews about health literacy, EOL conversations, and goals of care with 31 elderly dialysis patients at 2 centers in Boston...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329466/healthcare-reform-literacy-among-academic-dermatologists-what-we-know-and-don-t-know-about-the-affordable-care-act
#7
Brian A Raphael, Suephy Chen, Benjamin Stoff
IMPORTANCE: There have been no attempts to determinethe understanding of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)among dermatologists. OBJECTIVE: Assess knowledgeof the ACA among academic dermatologists. DESIGN: A 21-item survey was administered to membersof the Association of Professors of Dermatology(APD). The items assessed knowledge and opinionsof the ACA, and demographics of the participants.Multivariate regressions were conducted todetermine associations between variables...
January 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329397/resveratrol-improves-vascular-function-and-mitochondrial-number-but-not-glucose-metabolism-in-older-adults
#8
Rena M Pollack, Nir Barzilai, Valentin Anghel, Ameya S Kulkarni, Aaron Golden, Pilib O'Broin, David A Sinclair, Michael S Bonkowski, Alexander J Coleville, Danielle Powell, Sharon Kim, Ruin Moaddel, Daniel Stein, Kehao Zhang, Meredith Hawkins, Jill P Crandall
Background: Resveratrol, a plant-derived polyphenol, has been reported to improve glucose metabolism and vascular function and to extend life span in animal models, but studies in humans have been inconclusive. Methods: In a randomized, double-blind crossover study, we treated older glucose-intolerant adults (n = 30) with resveratrol (2-3 g/daily) or placebo, each for 6 weeks. A standard mixed-meal test was used to assess insulin sensitivity (Matsuda index) and secretion (C-peptide deconvolution) and vascular function by reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry...
March 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328389/tablet-based-hearing-screening-test
#9
Alessandra G Samelli, Camila M Rabelo, Seisse G G Sanches, Camila P Aquino, Denise Gonzaga
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss (HL) affects people worldwide, many of whom are children. Especially in developing countries, epidemiological data on the prevalence of HL are insufficient to implement effective health promotion programs. In this preliminary study with young adults, we describe and validate a tablet-based hearing screening test developed for interactive remote hearing screening and compare the performance of an audiometry screening tablet application with conventional audiometry...
February 22, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327593/characterisation-of-mental-health-conditions-in-social-media-using-informed-deep-learning
#10
George Gkotsis, Anika Oellrich, Sumithra Velupillai, Maria Liakata, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson, Rina Dutta
The number of people affected by mental illness is on the increase and with it the burden on health and social care use, as well as the loss of both productivity and quality-adjusted life-years. Natural language processing of electronic health records is increasingly used to study mental health conditions and risk behaviours on a large scale. However, narrative notes written by clinicians do not capture first-hand the patients' own experiences, and only record cross-sectional, professional impressions at the point of care...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326356/effect-of-four-monthly-doses-of-a-human-monoclonal-anti-fgf23-antibody-krn23-on-quality-of-life-in-x-linked-hypophosphatemia
#11
Mary D Ruppe, Xiaoping Zhang, Erik A Imel, Thomas J Weber, Mark A Klausner, Takahiro Ito, Maria Vergeire, Jeffrey S Humphrey, Francis H Glorieux, Anthony A Portale, Karl Insogna, Munro Peacock, Thomas O Carpenter
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is characterized by lower extremity deformities that lead to bone and/or joint pain that result from decreased renal tubular reabsorption leading to hypophosphatemia caused by elevated levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). OBJECTIVE: Validate the use of SF-36v2 Health Survey (SF-36v2) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) to measure previously unstudied health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in XLH patients and determine the change in HRQoL before and after treatment with KRN23, a human monoclonal anti-FGF23 antibody...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325300/one-step-biallelic-and-scarless-correction-of-a-%C3%AE-thalassemia-mutation-in-patient-specific-ipscs-without-drug-selection
#12
Yali Liu, Yi Yang, Xiangjin Kang, Bin Lin, Qian Yu, Bing Song, Ge Gao, Yaoyong Chen, Xiaofang Sun, Xiaoping Li, Lei Bu, Yong Fan
Monogenic disorders (MGDs), which are caused by single gene mutations, have a serious effect on human health. Among these, β-thalassemia (β-thal) represents one of the most common hereditary hematological diseases caused by mutations in the human hemoglobin β (HBB) gene. The technologies of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and genetic correction provide insights into the treatments for MGDs, including β-thal. However, traditional approaches for correcting mutations have a low efficiency and leave a residual footprint, which leads to some safety concerns in clinical applications...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325206/improving-glycemic-control-safely-in-non-critical-care-patients-a-collaborative-systems-approach-in-nine-hospitals
#13
Gregory A Maynard, Diana Childers, Janet Holdych, Heather Kendall, Tom Hoag, Karen Harrison
BACKGROUND: Practice variations in insulin management and glycemic adverse events led nine Dignity Health hospitals to initiate a collaborative effort to improve hypoglycemia, uncontrolled hyperglycemia, and glycemic control. METHODS: Non-critical care adult inpatients with ≥4 point-of-care blood glucose (BG) readings in a ≥2-day period were included. Balanced glucometric goals for each hospital were individualized to improve performance by 10%-20% from baseline or achieve top performance derived from Society of Hospital Medicine (SHM) benchmarking studies...
April 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325027/identifying-the-effects-of-visceral-interoception-on-human-brain-connectome-a-multivariate-analysis-of-covariance-of-fmri-data
#14
Behnaz Jarrahi, Dante Mantini
Sources of variations in the neural circuitry of the human brain and interrelationship between intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs) are still a matter of debate and ongoing research. Here, we applied a multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) based on high-dimensional independent component analysis (ICA) to identify the effects of interoception and related variables on human brain connectome. Fifteen healthy right-handed subjects (all females, age range 21 - 48 years; mean age = 30.3, SD = 8.7 years) underwent a blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) that included continuous intravesical saline infusion and drainage...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324985/a-novel-thermal-tactile-stimulator-device-for-quantitative-sensory-testing
#15
Umit Kursun, Olcay Kursun, Oleg V Favorov
This paper outlines the design and preliminary experimental results of a novel thermal stimulator device designed to measure, from some perspectives, brain health. The device delivers some thermal stimuli and asks the subject about his perception about them, thus checking the correctness of the perception and even the existence of certain perceptual illusions that would normally be present in healthy cortex and nervous system. This noninvasive sensory technology is cheap and easy to use, it has the potential to be used in telemonitoring systems and in empowering the individual to track his/her progression over time on the provided neuropathy tests...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324131/case-report-fast-reversal-of-severe-osteoporosis-after-correction-of-excessive-levothyroxine-treatment-and-long-term-follow-up
#16
C M Laine, K Landin-Wilhelmsen
This case report describes a 38-year-old woman, who presented with bilateral femoral stress fractures and osteoporosis after years of excessive levothyroxine treatment. Her bone health was restored rapidly and long-lasting with the reduction of levothyroxine dosage. No bone-active treatment was warranted. INTRODUCTION: Hyperthyroidism is a known risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures. Recent studies on patients with serum thyrotropin-suppressive therapy have not, however, indicated adverse effects on bone during long-term follow-up...
March 21, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323074/an-obesogenic-refined-low-fat-diet-disrupts-attentional-and-behavioral-control-processes-in-a-vigilance-task-in-rats
#17
Aaron P Blaisdell, Traci Biedermann, Eric Sosa, Ava Abuchaei, Neveen Youssef, Sylvie Bradesi
Diets consisting of refined foods (REF) are associated with poor physical (e.g., obesity and diabetes) and mental (e.g., depression) health and impaired cognition. Few animal studies have explored the causal links between diet processing and health. Instead, most studies focus on the role of macronutrients, especially carbohydrate and fat concurrently with how processed are the ingredients. We previously showed that a REF low fat diet (LFD) caused greater adiposity and impaired motivation compared to an unrefined control (CON) diet consisting of similar macronutrient ratios (Blaisdell et al...
March 16, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322769/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-contraceptive-knowledge-among-women-veterans-in-the-ecuun-study
#18
Elian Rosenfeld, Lisa S Callegari, Florentina E Sileanu, Xinhua Zhao, E Bimla Schwarz, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether racial/ethnic disparities in contraceptive knowledge observed in the general US population are also seen among women Veterans served by the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from a national telephone survey of 2302 women Veterans aged 18-44 who had received care within VA in the prior 12months. Twenty survey items assessed women's knowledge about various contraceptive methods. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine racial/ethnic variation in contraceptive knowledge items, adjusting for age, marital status, education, income, parity, and branch of military service...
March 17, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321861/applying-the-community-health-worker-model-in-dermatology-a-curriculum-for-skin-cancer-prevention-education-training
#19
Audrey A Jacobsen, Jezabel Maisonet, Robert S Kirsner, John Strasswimmer
BACKGROUND: Incidence of skin cancer is rising in Hispanic populations and minorities often have more advanced disease and experience higher mortality rates. Community health worker (CHW) programs to promote primary and secondary prevention show promise for many diseases, but an adequate training program in skin cancer prevention is not documented. We present a model for CHW specialty certification in skin cancer prevention for underserved, Hispanic communities. METHODS: We designed a culturally appropriate CHW training program according to an empowerment model of education for skin cancer prevention and detection in underserved Hispanic communities...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321701/burden-of-disease-attributed-to-ambient-pm2-5-and-pm10-exposure-in-190-cities-in-china
#20
Kamal Jyoti Maji, Mohit Arora, Anil Kumar Dikshit
Particulate air pollution is becoming a serious public health concern in urban cities of China. Association of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and economic loss with air pollution-related health effects demand quantitative analysis for correctional measures in air quality. This study applies an epidemiology-based exposure-response function to obtain the quantitative estimate of health impact of particulate matter PM2.5 and PM10 across 190 cities of China during years 2014-2015. The annual average concentration of PM2...
March 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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