keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CORRECTIONAL HEALTH

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331048/dog-bites-in-a-us-county-age-body-part-and-breed-in-pediatric-dog-bites
#1
Sriram Ramgopal, Lauren Bealafeld Brungo, Michael Bykowski, Raymond Pitetti, Robert Hickey
AIM: To compare characteristics of gender, age, body part, and breed in dog bites. METHODS: We reviewed 14,956 dog bites (4,195 pediatric) reported to the Allegehny County Health Department, USA, between 2007-2015. Using pre-defined age groups, we performed linear regression to assess for subject age and bite frequency and used binary logistic regression to evaluate for differences in gender and body part and chi-squared tests with Bonferroni correction to evaluate for differences in reported breeds with age...
January 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329301/estimated-mortality-on-hiv-treatment-among-active-patients-and-patients-lost-to-follow-up-in-4-provinces-of-zambia-findings-from-a-multistage-sampling-based-survey
#2
Charles B Holmes, Izukanji Sikazwe, Kombatende Sikombe, Ingrid Eshun-Wilson, Nancy Czaicki, Laura K Beres, Njekwa Mukamba, Sandra Simbeza, Carolyn Bolton Moore, Cardinal Hantuba, Peter Mwaba, Caroline Phiri, Nancy Padian, David V Glidden, Elvin Geng
BACKGROUND: Survival represents the single most important indicator of successful HIV treatment. Routine monitoring fails to capture most deaths. As a result, both regional assessments of the impact of HIV services and identification of hotspots for improvement efforts are limited. We sought to assess true mortality on treatment, characterize the extent under-reporting of mortality in routine health information systems in Zambia, and identify drivers of mortality across sites and over time using a multistage, regionally representative sampling approach...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328055/an-analysis-of-radon-levels-in-the-basements-of-uk-workplaces-and-review-of-when-employers-should-test
#3
Tracy Dawn Gooding
Radon is a recognised lung carcinogen. The main source of radon in UK buildings is the ground. As basements have more ground contact than other parts of a building, and often limited ventilation, there is an increased potential for high radon levels to occur. Regulations are in place in the UK to control radon exposures at work, which prompt employers to undertake risk assessments, test where necessary and take action if levels exceed certain thresholds. Both Public Health England (PHE) and the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) currently advise employers to test routinely occupied basements for radon, irrespective of geographical location; the minimum annual occupancy threshold has been established as one hour per week (approximately 50 hours per year)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328042/dynamics-of-changes-in-indices-of-endogenous-intoxication-in-patients-with-acute-small-intestinal-obstruction-in-case-of-reamberin-use-in-the-comprehensive-treatment
#4
V Skrypko, A Kovalenko, E Talikova
The objective of this research was to study changes in parameters, characterizing endogenous intoxication in patients with acute small bowel obstruction with Reamberin included into therapy scheme. Full physical examination and surgical treatment of 202 patients with acute small bowel obstruction were conducted. The control group included 30 healthy individuals. Dynamics of such clinical biochemical parameters as medium mass molecules (MMM), malondialdehyde (MDA), diene conjugates (DC) in blood serum were analyzed in preoperative period and on the 1st, 5th and 14th day of postoperative period...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325137/review-of-neurosurgery-medical-professional-liability-claims-in-the-united-states
#5
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda R Sergesketter, Michael D Frakes, Shivanand P Lad
BACKGROUND: Due to disparaging costs and rates of malpractice claims in neurosurgery, there has been significant interest in identifying high-risk specialties, types of malpractice claims, and characteristics of claim-prone physicians. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the malpractice claims against neurosurgeons. METHODS: This was a comprehensive analysis of all malpractice liability claims involving a neurosurgeon as the primary defendant, conducted using the Physician Insurers Association of America Data Sharing Project from January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2012...
January 8, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324525/pharmacy-students-preparedness-to-communicate-with-mental-health-disorders-patients
#6
Claudia Chow, Hana Morrissey, Patrick Ball
The aim of this project was to explore whether fourth-year pharmacy students in England are prepared to communicate with mental health patients. Mental health problems are rising in the United Kingdom, affecting around one in four people. A questionnaire-based study measured the knowledge about and attitude toward mental health problems. Participants were fourth-year pharmacy students from two west midlands universities. More males than females correctly answered the "attitude towards mental health" questions...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322500/seizure-onset-predicts-its-type
#7
Cristian Donos, Mihai Dragos Maliia, Matthias Dümpelmann, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is characterized by transient alterations in brain synchronization resulting in seizures with a wide spectrum of manifestations. Seizure severity and risks for patients depend on the evolution and spread of the hypersynchronous discharges. With standard visual inspection and pattern classification, this evolution could not be predicted early on. It is still unclear to what degree the seizure onset zone determines seizure severity. Such information would improve our understanding of ictal epileptic activity and the existing electroencephalogram (EEG)-based warning and intervention systems, providing specific reactions to upcoming seizure types...
January 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322299/serum-parathyroid-hormone-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-before-and-after-biliopancreatic-diversion
#8
Vanessa Tardio, Jean-Philippe Blais, Anne-Sophie Julien, Pierre Douville, Stefane Lebel, Laurent Biertho, Simon Marceau, Frédéric-Simon Hould, Claudia Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) decreases vitamin D and calcium absorption, which may result in secondary hyperparathyroidism. This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism before and after BPD-DS. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who had undergone BPD-DS at a tertiary bariatric center between 2003 and 2010 and for whom simultaneous measurements of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone were available within 5 years post-op was performed...
January 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322260/minimally-invasive-opening-wedge-tibia-outpatient-osteotomy-using-screw-to-plate-locking-technique-and-a-calcium-phosphate-cement
#9
Claude Schwartz
Medial knee osteoarthritis on angular varus deformity of a lower limb is very common. Open-wedge high tibial osteotomy is a treatment of choice if cartilage is not excessively worn (Allback 1 or 2). The technique based on a plate fixation and the bone defect filled with calcium phosphate cement is thoroughly described. Data at 1, 3, 6 months and 1 year of a 19 cases continuous and prospective series are collected and analysed. Mean age at the time of operation was 55 years. The average preoperative varus deformity was 5° and corrected to an average postoperative valgus of 4° (range 3°-6°)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320994/promoting-sustainability-in-quality-improvement-an-evaluation-of-a-web-based-continuing-education-program-in-blood-pressure-measurement
#10
Lauren Block, Sarah J Flynn, Lisa A Cooper, Caroline Lentz, Tammie Hull, Katherine B Dietz, Romsai T Boonyasai
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of blood pressure measurement is variable in office-based settings. Even when staff training programs are effective, knowledge and skills decay over time, supporting the need for ongoing staff training. We evaluated whether a web-based continuing education program in blood pressure measurement reinforced knowledge and skills among clinical staff and promoted sustainability of an existing quality improvement program. METHODS: Medical assistants and nurses at six primary care clinics within a health system enrolled in a 30-min online educational program designed to refresh their knowledge of blood pressure measurement...
January 10, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320504/evaluation-of-the-practicability-and-virological-performance-of-finger-stick-whole-blood-hiv-self-testing-in-french-speaking-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Serge Tonen-Wolyec, Salomon Batina-Agasa, Jérémie Muwonga, Franck Fwamba N'kulu, Ralph-Sydney Mboumba Bouassa, Laurent Bélec
BACKGROUND: Opportunities for HIV testing could be enhanced by offering HIV self-testing (HIVST) in populations that fear stigma and discrimination when accessing conventional HIV counselling and testing in health care facilities. Field experience with HIVST has not yet been reported in French-speaking African countries. METHODS: The practicability of HIVST was assessed using the prototype the Exacto® Test HIV (Biosynex, Strasbourg, France) self-test in 322 adults living in Kisangani and Bunia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, according to World Health Organization's recommendations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320375/psychological-flexibility-mediates-the-effect-of-an-online-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-chronic-pain-an-investigation-of-change-processes
#12
Jiaxi Lin, Laura-Isabelle Klatt, Lance M McCracken, Harald Baumeister
One way to improve treatment effects of chronic pain is to identify and improve control over mechanisms of therapeutic change. One treatment approach that includes a specific proposed mechanism is acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) with its focus on increasing psychological flexibility (PF). The aim of the present study was to examine the role of PF as a mechanism of change in ACT. This is based on mediation analyses of data from a previously reported randomized controlled trial, evaluating the effectiveness of an ACT-based online intervention for chronic pain (ACTonPain)...
December 15, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319875/association-between-sensory-impairment-and-dementia-in-older-adults-evidence-from-china
#13
Yanan Luo, Ping He, Chao Guo, Gong Chen, Ning Li, Xiaoying Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between sensory impairment and dementia in Chinese older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Older adults in 31 provinces of China. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older (N = 250,752). MEASUREMENTS: Psychiatrists ascertained dementia based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Sensory impairment was measured as only hearing impairment, only vision impairment, and combined sensory impairment (combined hearing and vision impairment)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319343/obesity-and-sudden-cardiac-death-in-the-young-clinical-and-pathological-insights-from-a-large-national-registry
#14
Gherardo Finocchiaro, Michael Papadakis, Harshil Dhutia, Della Cole, Elijah R Behr, Maite Tome, Sanjay Sharma, Mary N Sheppard
Aims Obesity is an increasing public health problem and a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study was to determine the main features and aetiologies in a large cohort of sudden cardiac deaths that occurred in obese subjects. Methods Between 1994 and 2014, 3684 consecutive cases of unexpected sudden cardiac death were referred to our cardiac pathology centre. This study was confined to young individuals (age ≤ 35 years) for whom information about body mass index was available and consisted of 1033 cases...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318741/the-role-of-ergonomic-saddle-seats-and-magnification-loupes-in-the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
A Plessas, M Bernardes Delgado
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal disorders affect a high percentage of dentists, dental hygienists and therapists. Static and awkward working postures are considered as major risk factors. Proper seat selection and use of magnification loupes are promoted for their ergonomic benefits. The aim of this review was to evaluate the existing empirical evidence on the effect of the above interventions on (i) correction of poor posture and (ii) reduction in musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318413/evaluation-of-postoperative-fever-after-surgical-correction-of-neuromuscular-scoliosis-implication-on-management
#16
Mohamed Abdelhamid Ali Yousef, Scott Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a common deformity in patients with neuromuscular disorders which usually necessitates surgical correction. Patients with neuromuscular scoliosis are characterized by increased incidence of associated medical co-morbidities and higher postoperative complication rate; therefore, these patients are often managed with a wide multidisciplinary care team. Postoperative fever is a frequent complication after surgery which is often routinely investigated using different workup tests to rule out infection...
January 9, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318334/physiotherapy-for-pelvic-pain-and-female-sexual-dysfunction-an-untapped-resource
#17
REVIEW
Bary Berghmans
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women is a complex syndrome. Pain sensation and intensity often do not correspond with the identified lesion location but are felt elsewhere, leading to muskuloskeletal and myofascial disorders and sexual dysfunction (SD). Although physical aspects are prevalent, they are often underdiagnosed and undertreated due to lack of understanding regarding its origin and distribution. Frequently, patients experience pelvic pain as psychological distress resulting in physical complaints, leading clinicians to prescribe medication or surgical intervention to correct or alleviate these symptoms, often with insufficient results...
January 9, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318003/incident-adverse-drug-reactions-in-geriatric-inpatients-a-multicentred-observational-study
#18
Amanda Lavan, Joseph Eustace, Darren Dahly, Evelyn Flanagan, Paul Gallagher, Shane Cullinane, Mirko Petrovic, Katrina Perehudoff, Adalsteinn Gudmondsson, Ólafur Samuelsson, Ástrós Sverrisdóttir, Antonio Cherubin, Frederica Dimitri, Joe Rimland, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Manuel Vélez-Díaz-Pallarés, Isabel Lozano Montoya, Roy L Soiza, Selvarani Subbarayan, Denis O'Mahony
Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are common in older adults and frequently have serious clinical and economic consequences. This study was conducted as a feasibility study for a randomized control trial (RCT) that will investigate the efficacy of a software engine to optimize medications and reduce incident (in-hospital) ADRs. This study's objectives were to (i) establish current incident ADR rates across the six sites participating in the forthcoming RCT and (ii) assess whether incident ADRs are predictable...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317593/loneliness-5-years-ante-mortem-is-associated-with-disease-related-differential-gene-expression-in-postmortem-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex
#19
Turhan Canli, Lei Yu, Xiaoqing Yu, Hongyu Zhao, Debra Fleischman, Robert S Wilson, Philip L De Jager, David A Bennett
Subjective social isolation, loneliness, is associated with poor mental and physical health, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we analyzed loneliness data collected on average 5 years ante-mortem and RNA gene expression at death in postmortem dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) from 181 participants in the Rush Memory and Aging Project (MAP), a longitudinal, prospective cohort study of common chronic conditions of aging. Our analytic protocol controlled for biographical variables (age, sex, education), psychological and health variables (depressive symptoms, interval between assessment and autopsy, slope of cognitive decline, AD pathology, presence of infarcts) and RNA integrity...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317368/interdisciplinary-care-model-independently-decreases-use-of-critical-care-services-after-corrective-surgery-for-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#20
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda R Sergesketter, Michael Ongele, Victoria Vuong, Syed Khalid, Jessica Moreno, Joseph Cheng, Isaac O Karikari, Carlos A Bagley
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary management of elderly patients requiring spine surgery has been shown to improve short and long-term outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine whether an interdisciplinary team approach mitigates use of intensive care unit (ICU) resources. METHODS: A unique co-management model for elderly patients undergoing lumbar fusion surgery was implemented at a major academic medical center. The Peri-operative Optimization of Senior Health Program(POSH) was launched with the aim of improving outcomes in elderly patients(>65-years-old) undergoing complex lumbar spine surgery...
January 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
65094
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"