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CORRECTIONAL HEALTH

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909639/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-alberta-canada-a-population-based-study
#1
Hong-Wei Liu, Marc Kerba, Gerald Lim, Zsolt Gabos, Ivo A Olivotto, Anil Abraham Joy, Wilson Roa, Zoann Nugent, Harold Lau
BACKGROUND: Cancer care in Alberta, Canada is publicly funded and provides patients with access to health care facilities and providers. The distribution of patients and health services across Alberta presents challenges to the delivery of cancer care, especially radiation therapy. In this study, we examined the association between patient and health system factors, the use of radiation therapy and survival outcomes in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The provincial cancer registry was used to identify all patients who presented with clinical stage III NSCLC, diagnosed from 2005 to 2007, in Alberta...
October 27, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906739/posterior-vertebral-column-resection-with-intraoperative-manual-retraction-for-the-treatment-of-posttubercular-kyphosis-in-upper-thoracic-spine-or-cervicothoracic-junction
#2
Yuqiao Chen, Guohua Lü, Bing Wang, Lei Li, Lei Kuang
STUDY DESIGN: This is a case-series. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) for treatment of posttubercular kyphosis in upper thoracic spine and cervicothoracic junction (CTJ). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical management of severe posttubercular kyphosis in upper thoracic spine or CTJ is challenging. A new technique that combines PVCR and intraoperative manual traction in a single procedure, was developed to maximize the correction rate and minimize the risk of dural buckling and spinal cord injury...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906067/aspartylglycosaminuria-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Maria Arvio, Ilkka Mononen
Aspartylglucosaminuria (AGU), a recessively inherited lysosomal storage disease, is the most common disorder of glycoprotein degradation with a high prevalence in the Finnish population. It is a lifelong condition affecting on the patient's appearance, cognition, adaptive skills, physical growth, personality, body structure, and health. An infantile growth spurt and development of macrocephalia associated to hernias and respiratory infections are the key signs to an early identification of AGU. Progressive intellectual and physical disability is the main symptom leading to death usually before the age of 50 years...
December 1, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905964/what-is-the-optimal-recall-period-for-verbal-autopsies-validation-study-based-on-repeat-interviews-in-three-populations
#4
Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D Mooney, Christopher J L Murray, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired dataset in which two VAs were administered for a single decedent. METHODS: This study used information from the Population Health Metrics Research Consortium (PHMRC) Study, which collected VAs for "gold standard" cases where cause of death (COD) was supported by clinical criteria...
October 18, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905961/estimating-average-alcohol-consumption-in-the-population-using-multiple-sources-the-case-of-spain
#5
Luis Sordo, Gregorio Barrio, María J Bravo, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Montserrat Neira, Enrique Regidor
BACKGROUND: National estimates on per capita alcohol consumption are provided regularly by various sources and may have validity problems, so corrections are needed for monitoring and assessment purposes. Our objectives were to compare different alcohol availability estimates for Spain, to build the best estimate (actual consumption), characterize its time trend during 2001-2011, and quantify the extent to which other estimates (coverage) approximated actual consumption. METHODS: Estimates were: alcohol availability from the Spanish Tax Agency (Tax Agency availability), World Health Organization (WHO availability) and other international agencies, self-reported purchases from the Spanish Food Consumption Panel, and self-reported consumption from population surveys...
June 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904513/relationship-between-visual-status-and-functional-status-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-women-the-rac-ost-pol-study
#6
Wojciech Rokicki, Bogna Drozdzowska, Aleksandra Czekajło, Władysław Grzeszczak, Katarzyna Wiktor, Wojciech Majewski, Wojciech Pluskiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Falls in elderly women producing fractures are a public health problem that could be largely preventable. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of visual impairment on functional status, falls and fractures in women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 623 women aged ≥ 55 years in order to assess the association between visual status and functional status and the risk of falls and fractures. Distance, near visual acuity, and depth perception were examined...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903521/a-prospective-study-of-water-intake-and-subsequent-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-in-a-national-cohort
#7
Ashima K Kant, Barry I Graubard
BACKGROUND: Water, an essential nutrient, is believed to be related to a variety of health outcomes. Published studies have examined the association of fluid or beverage intake with risk of mortality from coronary diseases, diabetes, or cancer, but few studies have examined the association of total water intake with all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVE: We examined prospective risk of mortality from all causes in relation to intakes of total water and each of the 3 water sources...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903353/-scientific-statement-on-the-correct-understanding-of-cholesterol
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903267/skeletal-muscle-quality-as-assessed-by-ct-derived-skeletal-muscle-density-is-associated-with-6-month-mortality-in-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-patients
#9
Wilhelmus G P M Looijaard, Ingeborg M Dekker, Sandra N Stapel, Armand R J Girbes, Jos W R Twisk, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND: Muscle quantity at intensive care unit (ICU) admission has been independently associated with mortality. In addition to quantity, muscle quality may be important for survival. Muscle quality is influenced by fatty infiltration or myosteatosis, which can be assessed on computed tomography (CT) scans by analysing skeletal muscle density (SMD) and the amount of intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT). We investigated whether CT-derived low skeletal muscle quality at ICU admission is independently associated with 6-month mortality and other clinical outcomes...
December 1, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903263/estimating-the-accuracy-of-muscle-response-testing-two-randomised-order-blinded-studies
#10
Anne M Jensen, Richard J Stevens, Amanda J Burls
BACKGROUND: Manual muscle testing (MMT) is a non-invasive assessment tool used by a variety of health care providers to evaluate neuromusculoskeletal integrity, and muscular strength in particular. In one form of MMT called muscle response testing (MRT), muscles are said to be tested, not to evaluate muscular strength, but neural control. One established, but insufficiently validated, application of MRT is to assess a patient's response to semantic stimuli (e.g. spoken lies) during a therapy session...
November 30, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902769/correction-correlates-of-perceived-access-and-implications-for-health-system-strengthening-lessons-from-hiv-aids-treatment-and-care-services-in-ethiopia
#11
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161553.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902751/exploration-of-a-polygenic-risk-score-for-alcohol-consumption-a-longitudinal-analysis-from-the-alspac-cohort
#12
Michelle Taylor, Andrew J Simpkin, Philip C Haycock, Frank Dudbridge, Luisa Zuccolo
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty remains about the true extent by which alcohol consumption causes a number of health outcomes. Genetic variants, or combinations of variants built into a polygenic risk score (PGRS), can be used in an instrumental variable framework to assess causality between a phenotype and disease outcome of interest, a method known as Mendelian randomisation (MR). We aimed to identify genetic variants involved in the aetiology of alcohol consumption, and develop a PGRS for alcohol...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902393/frequency-of-mycobacterium-chimaera-among-belgian-patients-2015
#13
Karine Soetaert, Christelle Vluggen, Emmanuel André, Raymond Vanhoof, Brigitte Vanfleteren, Vanessa Mathys
Mycobacterium chimaera arouses an increasing public health concern, as this non-tuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) has recently been associated with life-threatening cardiac infections. M. chimaera and Mycobacteriumintracellulare are genetically very close but recently appeared to present different epidemiological and clinical significance. Therefore, it has become important for laboratories to use adequate techniques allowing precise species identification. To date, most commercially available laboratory assays cannot distinguish them and erroneously identify M...
November 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901561/onc-health-it-certification-program-enhanced-oversight-and-accountability-final-rule
#14
(no author information available yet)
This final rule finalizes modifications and new requirements under the ONC Health IT Certification Program ("Program"), including provisions related to the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC)'s role in the Program. The final rule creates a regulatory framework for ONC's direct review of health information technology (health IT) certified under the Program, including, when necessary, requiring the correction of non-conformities found in health IT certified under the Program and suspending and terminating certifications issued to Complete EHRs and Health IT Modules...
October 19, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900926/-corneal-cross-linking-as-a-treatment-for-progressive-keratoconus
#15
R P L Wisse, N Soeters, D A Godefrooij, N G de Koning-Tahzib
Keratoconus is a corneal disease with onset typically occurring during puberty or early adulthood. The cornea progressively thins and acquires a cone-like shape which negatively affects visual acuity. In the early stages, visual acuity can be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. In more advanced cases, a corneal transplant is ultimately indicated to restore visual acuity. Corneal cross-linking (CXL) is a treatment given at a relatively early stage that protects patients against deterioration of visual acuity and further corneal deformation in progressive cases of keratoconus...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900872/clinical-value-of-nutritional-status-in-neurodegenerative-diseases-what-is-its-impact-and-how-it-affects-disease-progression-and-management
#16
Eftyhia Tsagalioti, Christina Trifonos, Aggeliki Morari, Konstantinos Vadikolias, Constantinos Giaginis
Neurodegenerative diseases constitute a major problem of public health that is associated with an increased risk of mortality and poor quality of life. Malnutrition is considered as a major problem that worsens the prognosis of patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases. In this aspect, the present review is aimed to critically collect and summarize all the available existing clinical data regarding the clinical impact of nutritional assessment in neurodegenerative diseases, highlighting on the crucial role of nutritional status in disease progression and management...
November 30, 2016: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900611/couples-discontinuation-of-fertility-treatments-a-longitudinal-study-on-demographic-biomedical-and-psychosocial-risk-factors
#17
Juliana Pedro, Maria Pedro Sobral, Joana Mesquita-Guimarães, Carla Leal, Maria E Costa, Mariana V Martins
PURPOSE: This study aims to explore the role of infertility-psychosocial variables on treatment discontinuation after controlling for demographic and biomedical variables in couples seeking reimbursed fertility treatment. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 139 couples seeking fertility treatment. Between February 2010 and March 2011, participants completed measures of anxiety (STAI-State), depression (BDI-II), infertility-stress (FPI), and infertility coping strategies (COMPI-CSS)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900593/factors-associated-with-hepatitis-b-knowledge-among-vietnamese-americans-a-population-based-survey
#18
Janet N Chu, Phuoc V Le, Chris J Kennedy, Stephen J McPhee, Ching Wong, Susan L Stewart, Tung T Nguyen
Vietnamese Americans have high rates of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection but low rates of knowledge and screening. A population-based survey conducted in 2011 of Vietnamese Americans in two geographic areas (n = 1666) was analyzed. The outcome variables were having heard of HBV and a score summarizing knowledge of HBV transmission. Most respondents (86.0%) had heard of HBV. Correct knowledge of transmission ranged from 59.5% for sex, 68.1% for sharing toothbrushes, 78.6% for during birth, and 85.0% for sharing needles...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899938/detailed-analysis-of-the-impact-of-age-on-the-qt-interval
#19
Simon W Rabkin, Xin-Bo Justin Cheng, Darby Js Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of age on the ECG QT interval, an important predictor of cardiovascular mortality and drug-induced cardiac arrhythmias, and determine whether QT-heart rate correction formulae (QTc) have differential relationships with age and sex. METHODS: Data were examined from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) II and III, civilian population aged 25 to 90 years. QT weighted means and standard deviations were calculated for all ages...
September 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899148/undereporting-of-acute-pesticide-poisoning-in-tanzania-modelling-results-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#20
Elikana E Lekei, Aiwerasia V Ngowi, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Acute pesticide poisoning (APP) is known to cause serious injuries to end users globally but the magnitude of this problem in Tanzania is not well known. This study aimed to determine the extent and pattern of underreporting of APP in Tanzania to inform the development of a surveillance system and appropriate interventions. METHODS: This study integrates findings from two recent Tanzanian studies. A household survey established the proportion of poisoned farmers in a typical rural area who reported to hospital for a pesticide poisoning...
November 29, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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