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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668146/-adolescents-suffering-from-anorexia-nervosa-an-evidence-based-approach-of-the-parent-s-role-in-2018
#1
Sophie Vust, Solange Cook-Darzens, Françoise Lier, Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin
A new paradigm in the management of adolescents with eating disorders promotes different treatment orientations aiming at increasing therapeutic effectiveness as well as offering a more integrated and coherent care for families. Particular attention is given to the process of refeeding to avoid the severe somatic sequelae of eating disorder and the risk of a chronic course for a disorder which is well known for its « addictive » power and influence. The parents and the need for a strong alliance with the healthcare team stand at the centre of this new paradigm...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595995/barriers-and-facilitators-of-breastfeeding-reported-by-postpartum-women-in-methadone-maintenance-therapy
#2
Jennifer Hicks, Elizabeth Morse, David K Wyant
INTRODUCTION: This study utilized a cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative interview-based survey to capture the infant feeding practices and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding for women in methadone maintenance therapy. Participants were recruited from an opioid dependence treatment center in an urban setting in the Southeastern United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of women in treatment (n = 30) were interviewed using an adapted instrument designed to capture decisions and intentions to formula feed or breastfeed; support from friends and family; hospital experience; support from healthcare personnel; and maternal knowledge of breastfeeding while taking methadone...
March 29, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560944/-an-essential-negative-effect-of-a-family-history-of-substance-use-on-readiness-for-drug-dependence-rehabilitation-treatment-in-inpatients-with-addictions
#3
A O Kibitov, L P Babicheva, N A Chuprova, A V Shchurina, R A Romashkin
AIM: To reveal objective factors predicting the readiness of inpatient drug treatment patients to undergo a rehabilitation program. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a retrospective comparative study, drug-dependent individuals (n=199, 16.6% females, 83.4% men, 91.5% opioid-dependent) were studied. After conducting motivational activities based on cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, the premorbid, anamnestic, clinical, socio-demographic characteristics of patients were studied as possible predictors of readiness for rehabilitation using binary logistic regression...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551767/the-multiple-paths-towards-met-receptor-addiction-in-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Leslie Duplaquet, Zoulika Kherrouche, Simon Baldacci, Philippe Jamme, Alexis B Cortot, Marie-Christine Copin, David Tulasne
Targeted therapies against receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are currently used with success on a small proportion of patients displaying clear oncogene activation. Lung cancers with a mutated EGFR provide a good illustration. The efficacy of targeted treatments relies on oncogene addiction, a situation in which the growth or survival of the cancer cells depends on a single deregulated oncogene. MET, a member of the RTK family, is a promising target because it displays many deregulations in a broad panel of cancers...
March 19, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540928/psychosocial-interventions-for-technological-addictions
#5
REVIEW
Manoj Kumar Sharma, Thamil Selvan Palanichamy
Increase in the use of technology has led to an increase in various kinds of technological addictions. A range of psychological and behavioural theories has been proposed to explain technology addictions. These include learning theories, reward-deficiency hypothesis, impulsivity, cognitive-behavioural models and social skills deficiency theories. While no particular form of psychological intervention has been suggested as being the golden standard for its treatment, the most frequently investigated approaches have been cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and motivational enhancement therapy...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540911/need-for-psychosocial-interventions-from-resistance-to-therapeutic-alliance
#6
REVIEW
Rakesh K Chadda, Biswadeep Chatterjee
Addictive disorders have a strong psychosocial component in their etiogenesis, and hence psychosocial approaches form a significant part of management planning with a role in prevention, treatment, relapse prevention and long term rehabilitation. Due to a number of myths and misconceptions associated with addictive disorders, there is often strong resistance from the patients as well as the families towards treatment. The disorder is often perceived as a bad habit and hence not requiring treatment. It is very important to break this barrier to bring the patient and the family in treatment engagement...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513136/training-in-office-based-opioid-treatment-with-buprenorphine-in-us-residency-programs-a-national-survey-of-residency-program-directors
#7
Lello Tesema, Jeffrey Marshall, Rachel Hathaway, Christina Pham, Camille Clarke, Genevieve Bergeron, James Yeh, Michael Soliman, Danny McCormick
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) has increased sharply. Office-based opioid treatment with buprenorphine (OBOT) is effective but often underutilized because of physicians' lack of experience prescribing this therapy. Little is known about US residency training programs provision of OBOT and addiction medicine training. METHODS: We conducted a survey of residency program directors (RPD) at all U.S. residency programs in internal medicine, family medicine and psychiatry to assess the frequency with which their residents provide care for OUD, presence and features of curricula in OBOT and addiction medicine, RPD's beliefs about OBOT and potential barriers to providing OBOT training...
March 7, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470468/an-audit-of-risk-assessments-for-suicide-and-attempted-suicide-in-ed-a-retrospective-review-of-quality
#8
Wayne de Beer, Bernard DeWitt, Jules Schofield, Helen Clark, Veronique Gibbons
AIM: The primary aim of this audit was to determine the quality of psychiatric risk assessments conducted by Mental Health & Addiction Services clinicians for patients presenting to the emergency department, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand following an attempted suicide. METHOD: A retrospective, randomised audit of 376 files of patients who had presented to the ED over a 12-month period from 1 July 2015 to 30 June 2016 was conducted, following the standards outlined in the present New Zealand Ministry of Health Clinical Practice Guideline for Deliberate Self Harm (DSH)...
February 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450252/alcohol-and-tobacco-use-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-vietnamese-rural-mountainside-areas
#9
Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le, Hue Thi Mai, Chau Ngo, Canh Dinh Hoang, Hai Hong Nguyen, Hai Quan Le, Hung Van Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Tho Dinh Tran, Nabil Zary, Carl A Latkin, Thuc Minh Thi Vu, Roger C M Ho, Melvyn W B Zhang
Introduction: The expansion of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program requires more data about the factors affecting the effectiveness of treatment, especially behavioral data such as smoking and alcohol use among patients. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol consumption and identify related factors among MMT patients in the Vietnamese rural mountainside. Methods: We interviewed 241 MMT patients in two clinics in Tuyen Quang, a mountainous province in Vietnam...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450231/free-will-in-addictive-behaviors-a-matter-of-definition
#10
REVIEW
W Miles Cox, Eric Klinger, Javad Salehi Fadardi
Certain people are at risk for using alcohol or other drugs excessively and for developing problems with their use. Their susceptibility might arise from a variety of factors, including their genetic make-up, brain chemistry, family background, personality and other psychological variables, and environmental and sociocultural variables. Moreover, after substance use has become established, there are additional cognitive-motivational variables (e.g., substance-related attentional bias) that contribute to enacting behaviors consistent with the person's motivation to acquire and use the substance...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429421/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-a-high-prevalence-population
#11
M A Fill, L A Sizemore, M Rickles, K C Cooper, C M Buecker, H L Mullins, M G Hofmeister, W E Abara, M A Foster, A K Asher, W Schaffner, J R Dunn, T F Jones, C Wester
To understand increasing rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Tennessee, we conducted testing, risk factor analysis and a nested case-control study among persons who use drugs. During June-October 2016, HCV testing with risk factor assessment was conducted in sexually transmitted disease clinics, family planning clinics and an addiction treatment facility in eastern Tennessee; data were analysed by using multivariable logistic regression. A nested case-control study was conducted to assess drug-using risks and behaviours among persons who reported intranasal or injection drug use (IDU)...
February 12, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396797/a-study-on-tobacco-use-among-school-children
#12
Arun Kurupath, Pankaj Sureka
Tobacco use among school children is becoming a serious problem. The early age of initiation underscores the urgent need to intervene and protect this vulnerable group from falling prey to this addiction. The present study was undertaken to assess (i) the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among school children in India (ii) relation of tobacco use prevalence and pattern with socio-economic status (SES) of student's family. This is a cross sectional 16 months study done in school going Indian students aged ≥ 6 years with sample size of 1460...
February 2, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382494/-clinical-epidemiological-study-in-children-with-cleft-lip-palate-in-a-secondary-level-hospital
#13
Alicia Pons-Bonals, Leticia Pons-Bonals, Sandra Margarita Hidalgo-Martínez, Carlos Francisco Sosa-Ferreyra
BACKGROUND: One of the most common congenital disorders that affects the facial structures is the cleft lip palate (CLP). The aim of this study was to generate the clinical-epidemiological profile of CLP patients from Hospital de Especialidades del Niño y la Mujer (HENM) Dr. Felipe Nuñez Lara, from the Ministry of Health, Queretaro, Mexico, from 2011 to 2014, who received treatment from the Cleft Lip Palate Clinic in order to provide interdisciplinary treatments for CLP patients based on the information from the pediatric records...
March 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356671/opioid-use-in-pregnancy-and-parenting-an-indigenous-based-collaborative-framework-for-northwestern-ontario
#14
Naana Afua Jumah, Lisa Bishop, Mike Franklyn, Janet Gordon, Len Kelly, Sol Mamakwa, Terry O'Driscoll, Brieanne Olibris, Cynthia Olsen, Natalie Paavola, Susan Pilatzke, Brenda Small, Meldon Kahan
Opioid use affects up to 30% of pregnancies in Northwestern Ontario. Health care providers in Northwestern Ontario have varying comfort levels providing care to substance-involved pregnant women. Furthermore, health care practitioners, social service agencies and community groups in Northwestern Ontario often work in isolation with little multidisciplinary communication and collaboration. This article describes two workshops that brought together health and social service providers, community organizations, as well as academic institutions and professional organizations involved in the care of substance-involved pregnant and parenting women...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343230/the-sybil-aa-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-study-protocol-of-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-in-alcohol-use-disorder
#15
Martin Fungisai Gerchen, Martina Kirsch, Nathalie Bahs, Patrick Halli, Sarah Gerhardt, Axel Schäfer, Wolfgang H Sommer, Falk Kiefer, Peter Kirsch
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Use Disorder is a highly prevalent mental disorder which puts a severe burden on individuals, families, and society. The treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder is challenging and novel and innovative treatment approaches are needed to expand treatment options. A promising neuroscience-based intervention method that allows targeting cortical as well as subcortical brain processes is real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback. However, the efficacy of this technique as an add-on treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder in a clinical setting is hitherto unclear and will be assessed in the Systems Biology of Alcohol Addiction (SyBil-AA) neurofeedback study...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338806/cancer-pain-management-needs-and-perspectives-of-patients-from-chinese-backgrounds-a-systematic-review-of-the-chinese-and-english-literature
#16
Xiangfeng Xu, Tim Luckett, Alex Yueping Wang, Melanie Lovell, Jane L Phillips
OBJECTIVE: More than half of all cancer patients experience unrelieved pain. Culture can significantly affect patients' cancer pain-related beliefs and behaviors. Little is known about cultural impact on Chinese cancer patients' pain management. The objective of this review was to describe pain management experiences of cancer patients from Chinese backgrounds and to identify barriers affecting their pain management. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
January 17, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333954/prevalence-diagnosis-and-treatment-rates-of-mood-disorders-among-opioid-users-under-criminal-justice-supervision
#17
Mary Mbaba, Shan-Estelle Brown, Alese Wooditch, Marissa Kiss, Amy Murphy, Suneeta Kumari, Faye Taxman, Frederick Altice, William B Lawson, Sandra A Springer
BACKGROUND: Individuals involved in the criminal justice system have disproportionately high rates of psychiatric disorders when compared to the general U.S. POPULATION: If left untreated, the likelihood of subsequent arrest increases and risk for adverse health consequences is great, particularly among opioid users. OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence, characteristics, and treatment of mood disorders among justice involved opioid-dependent populations...
January 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331973/family-focused-practices-in-addictions-a-scoping-review-protocol
#18
Toula Kourgiantakis, Rachelle Ashcroft
INTRODUCTION: Families are significantly impacted by addictions and family involvement in treatment can reduce the harms and can also improve treatment entry, treatment completion and treatment outcomes for the individual coping with an addiction. Although the benefits of family-focused practices in addictions have been documented, services continue to have an individual focus and research on this topic is also limited. The objective of this study is to map the extent, range and nature of evidence available examining family interventions in addictions and identify gaps to guide future research, policy and practice...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325708/promising-roles-for-pharmacists-in-addressing-the-u-s-opioid-crisis
#19
Wilson M Compton, Christopher M Jones, Jack B Stein, Eric M Wargo
Overdoses of prescription or illicit opioids claimed the lives of 116 Americans each day in 2016, and the crisis continues to escalate. As healthcare systems evolve to address the crisis, the potential of pharmacists to make a positive difference is significant. In addition to utilizing available prescription drug monitoring programs to help prevent diversion of opioids, practicing pharmacists can be alert for signs of opioid misuse by patients (e.g., multiple prescriptions from different physicians) as well as inappropriate prescribing or hazardous drug combinations that physicians may not be aware of (e...
December 31, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296175/organotypic-three-dimensional-cancer-cell-cultures-mirror-drug-responses-in-vivo-lessons-learned-from-the-inhibition-of-egfr-signaling
#20
Nico Jacobi, Rita Seeboeck, Elisabeth Hofmann, Helmut Schweiger, Veronika Smolinska, Thomas Mohr, Alexandra Boyer, Wolfgang Sommergruber, Peter Lechner, Corina Pichler-Huebschmann, Kamil Önder, Harald Hundsberger, Christoph Wiesner, Andreas Eger
Complex three-dimensional (3D) in vitro models that recapitulate human tumor biology are essential to understand the pathophysiology of the disease and to aid in the discovery of novel anti-cancer therapies. 3D organotypic cultures exhibit intercellular communication, nutrient and oxygen gradients, and cell polarity that is lacking in two-dimensional (2D) monolayer cultures. In the present study, we demonstrate that 2D and 3D cancer models exhibit different drug sensitivities towards both targeted inhibitors of EGFR signaling and broad acting cytotoxic agents...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
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