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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#1
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633696/cross-border-collaboration-for-improved-tuberculosis-prevention-and-care-policies-tools-and-experiences
#2
M Dara, G Sulis, R Centis, L D'Ambrosio, G de Vries, P Douglas, D Garcia, N Jansen, E Zuroweste, G B Migliori
As tuberculosis (TB) spreads beyond borders with people movements, several interventions ensuring the continuity of care are essential, although difficult to put in place in the absence of well-defined agreements allowing data sharing and easy referral of patients to appropriate health facilities. This article first sets out general principles for cross-border collaboration and continuity of care. It then presents a series of case studies. Policies and practices on cross-border collaboration in selected low-incidence countries (Australia, Italy, Norway, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States) are described and critically appraised...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633659/computing-patient-data-in-the-cloud-practical-and-legal-considerations-for-genetics-and-genomics-research-in-europe-and-internationally
#3
Fruzsina Molnár-Gábor, Rupert Lueck, Sergei Yakneen, Jan O Korbel
Biomedical research is becoming increasingly large-scale and international. Cloud computing enables the comprehensive integration of genomic and clinical data, and the global sharing and collaborative processing of these data within a flexibly scalable infrastructure. Clouds offer novel research opportunities in genomics, as they facilitate cohort studies to be carried out at unprecedented scale, and they enable computer processing with superior pace and throughput, allowing researchers to address questions that could not be addressed by studies using limited cohorts...
June 20, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633168/integration-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-family-medicine-residency-programs
#4
Jody L Lounsbery, Jennie B Jarrett, Lori M Dickerson, Stephen A Wilson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical pharmacists are valued educators and practitioners within family medicine residency programs (FMRPs). Since the last survey of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs, there have been significant advancements to pharmacy education and training as well as growth of interprofessional education and collaborative practice within family medicine. The objective of this study is to describe the integration of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs. METHODS: All 480 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-approved FMRPs were contacted to identify clinical pharmacists involved with their programs...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633144/standardized-renal-endpoints-for-perioperative-clinical-trials-the-standardized-endpoints-in-perioperative-medicine-initiative
#5
David R McIlroy, Andrew D Shaw, Paul S Myles
Perioperative acute kidney injury is a common problem. While clinical trials seek to evaluate the impact of interventions on a variety of primary and secondary endpoints with the aim of implementing this knowledge to improve perioperative outcomes, the use of valid and relevant endpoints within clinical trials is of critical importance to achieving this goal. Suitable endpoints must be validated for the study population and in light of the clinical context under investigation while also considering regulatory requirements that govern the licensing of new therapeutic agents as well as the values of patients whose outcomes we seek to improve...
June 21, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632931/iowa-model-of-evidence-based-practice-revisions-and-validation
#6
Kathleen C Buckwalter, Laura Cullen, Kirsten Hanrahan, Charmaine Kleiber, Ann Marie McCarthy, Barbara Rakel, Victoria Steelman, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Sharon Tucker
BACKGROUND: The Iowa Model is a widely used framework for the implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP). Changes in health care (e.g., emergence of implementation science, emphasis on patient engagement) prompted the re-evaluation, revision, and validation of the model. METHODS: A systematic multi-step process was used capturing information from the literature and user feedback via an electronic survey and live work groups. The Iowa Model Collaborative critically assessed and synthesized information and recommendations before revising the model...
June 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632491/lessons-learned-on-health-adaptation-to-climate-variability-and-change-experiences-across-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Kristie L Ebi, Mariam Otmani Del Barrio
BACKGROUND: There is limited published evidence of the effectiveness of adaptation in managing the health risks of climate variability and change in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To document lessons learned and good practice examples from health adaptation pilot projects in low- and middle-income countries to facilitate assessing and overcoming barriers to implementation and to scaling up. METHODS: We evaluated project reports and related materials from the first five years of implementation (2008-2013) of multinational health adaptation projects in Albania, Barbados, Bhutan, China, Fiji, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632445/critique-and-contribute-a-practice-based-framework-for-improving-critical-data-studies-and-data-science
#8
Gina Neff, Anissa Tanweer, Brittany Fiore-Gartland, Laura Osburn
What would data science look like if its key critics were engaged to help improve it, and how might critiques of data science improve with an approach that considers the day-to-day practices of data science? This article argues for scholars to bridge the conversations that seek to critique data science and those that seek to advance data science practice to identify and create the social and organizational arrangements necessary for a more ethical data science. We summarize four critiques that are commonly made in critical data studies: data are inherently interpretive, data are inextricable from context, data are mediated through the sociomaterial arrangements that produce them, and data serve as a medium for the negotiation and communication of values...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631765/-noninvasive-ventilation-and-sedation-evidence-and-practical-tools-for-its-utilization
#9
Ilaria Battistoni, Marco Marini, Giorgio Caretta, Fabio Vagnarelli, Fabiana Lucà, Emilia Biscottini, Alberto Lavorgna, Vincenza Procaccini, Letizia Riva, Gabriele Vianello, Nadia Aspromonte, Massimo Iacoviello, Renata De Maria, Serafina Valente, Michele Massimo Gulizia
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has gained increased acceptance inside the critical area, since it has been shown to be effective in reducing or avoiding the need for oro-tracheal intubation. NIV efficacy is dependent on the selection of the appropriate patients and on their compliance to therapy. Actually, full collaboration is not easily reached especially in agitated patients.Sedation during NIV is useful to reduce the rate of treatment failure, but robust data to guide the development of best practice are limited and sometimes local customs appear to exert a strong influence on patterns of care...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631275/a-typology-of-interprofessional-teamwork-in-acute-geriatric-care-a-study-in-55-units-in-belgium
#10
Ruth D Piers, Karen J J Versluys, Johan Devoghel, Sophie Lambrecht, André Vyt, Nele J Van Den Noortgate
OBJECTIVES: To explore the quality of interprofessional teamwork in acute geriatric care and to build a model of team types. DESIGN: Cross-sectional multicenter study. SETTING: Acute geriatric units in Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Team members of different professional backgrounds. MEASUREMENTS: Perceptions of interprofessional teamwork among team members of 55 acute geriatric units in Belgium were measured using a survey covering collaborative practice and experience, managerial coaching and open team culture, shared reflection and decision-making, patient files facilitating teamwork, members' belief in the power of teamwork, and members' comfort in reporting incidents...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630904/participatory-adaptive-management-leads-to-environmental-learning-outcomes-extending-beyond-the-sphere-of-science
#11
Marie Fujitani, Andrew McFall, Christoph Randler, Robert Arlinghaus
Resolving uncertainties in managed social-ecological systems requires adaptive experimentation at whole-ecosystem levels. However, whether participatory adaptive management fosters ecological understanding among stakeholders beyond the sphere of science is unknown. We experimentally involved members of German angling clubs (n = 181 in workshops, n = 2483 in total) engaged in self-governance of freshwater fisheries resources in a large-scale ecological experiment of active adaptive management of fish stocking, which constitutes a controversial management practice for biodiversity and ecosystem functioning when conducted inappropriately...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630513/career-progression-of-the-pharmacy-mba-professional-characterization-and-perceptions-of-the-combined-degree
#12
Christopher J Daly, Sarah-Elizabeth L Tierney, Erin O'Brien, Karl D Fiebelkorn, David M Jacobs
Objectives. To characterize pharmacy/MBA professionals during their entry-level and current positions and to describe their attitudes and perceptions toward their combined degree. Methods. A cross-sectional survey of University at Buffalo (UB) alumni who obtained both pharmacy and MBA degrees was used. An electronic survey was developed through collaboration with the UB School of Management and administered in winter 2015. Results. A total of 68/115 (59% response rate) pharmacy/MBA professionals responded to the survey...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629668/underestimating-the-size-of-the-problem-uk-anaesthesia-for-patients-with-obesity
#13
James Palmer, Mike Sury, Claire Nightingale, Jaideep Pandit, Tim Cook
We analysed data from 14,000 patients in the 2013 United Kingdom Anaesthesia Activity Survey of the Fifth National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists and Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland to examine anaesthetic, organisational and clinical practice for patients with obesity. We compared practice then with current guidance on management of this patient group. Obesity was reported in 22%, mainly Black, Afro-Caribbean and White Caucasian patients. There was minimal variation in surgical timing, anaesthetic seniority, induction location or day-case procedure rates...
June 16, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629602/management-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-by-practitioners-in-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#14
Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski, Cyril Meyerowitz, Mark S Litaker, Marc W Heft, Nirmala Tasgaonkar, Marianne R Day, Andretta Porter-Williams, Valeria V Gordan, Robin L Yardic, Timothy M Lawhorn, Gregg H Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is a condition commonly encountered in clinical dental practice. The authors conduct a study to identify the treatments recommended to manage DH among dentists in the United States. METHODS: The authors conducted a multicenter study of 1,862 patients with DH who received a diagnosis and were treated by 171 dentists with the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. RESULTS: The most common treatment recommended was desensitizing over-the-counter (OTC) potassium nitrate toothpaste (alone or in combination with other treatments) for 924 of 1,862 patients (50%)...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629486/the-collaboration-of-general-practitioners-and-nurses-in-primary-care-a-comparative-analysis-of-concepts-and-practices-in-slovenia-and-spain
#15
Kerstin Hämel, Carina Vössing
Aim A comparative analysis of concepts and practices of GP-nurse collaborations in primary health centres in Slovenia and Spain. BACKGROUND: Cross-professional collaboration is considered a key element for providing high-quality comprehensive care by combining the expertise of various professions. In many countries, nurses are also being given new and more extensive responsibilities. Implemented concepts of collaborative care need to be analysed within the context of care concepts, organisational structures, and effective collaboration...
June 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629403/factors-influencing-professional-life-satisfaction-among-neurologists
#16
Stephanie M Teixeira-Poit, Michael T Halpern, Heather L Kane, Michael Keating, Murrey Olmsted
BACKGROUND: Predicted shortages in the supply of neurologists may limit patients' access to and quality of care for neurological disorders. Retaining neurologists already in practice provides one opportunity to support the overall supply of practicing neurologists. Understanding factors associated with professional life satisfaction (and dissatisfaction) and implementing policies to enhance satisfaction may encourage neurologists to remain in clinical practice. In this paper, we present results from the first study examining factors associated with professional life satisfaction among a large sample of U...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629300/dynamic-interplay-of-pharmacy-learners-during-a-solid-organ-transplantation-learning-experience
#17
Jonathan H Sin, Hanlin Li, Nicholas Jandovitz, Madeline King, Demetra S Tsapepas
Institutions with established clinical pharmacy services have the ability to offer focused patient care learning experiences, often led by a clinical specialist, for pharmacy residents and pharmacy students. Since all parties are continually involved in professional development and lifelong learning, the aforementioned groups can all be considered "pharmacy learners." By utilizing the dynamic interplay and collaboration between pharmacy learners through direct and nondirect patient care activities, experiential and educational opportunities may be improved and enhanced for each learner...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628601/the-damage-control-surgery-in-austere-environments-research-group-dcsaerg-a-dynamic-program-to-facilitate-real-time-telementoring-telediagnosis-to-address-exsanguination-in-extreme-and-austere-environments
#18
Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Jessica L McKee, Paul B McBeth, Chad G Ball, Anthony LaPorta, Timothy Broderick, Tim Leslie, David King, Heather E Wright Beatty, Jocelyn Keillor, Homer Tien
Hemorrhage is the most preventable cause of posttraumatic death. Many cases are potentially anatomically salvageable, yet remain lethal without logistics or trained personnel to deliver diagnosis or resuscitative surgery in austere environments. Revolutions in technology for remote mentoring of ultrasound and surgery may enhance capabilities to utilize the skill sets of non-physicians. Thus, our research collaborative explored remote mentoring to empower non-physicians to address junctional and torso hemorrhage control in austere environments...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628548/clinical-outcome-measures-for-lateropulsion-poststroke-an-updated-systematic-review
#19
Ryan Koter, Sara Regan, Caitlin Clark, Vicki Huang, Melissa Mosley, Erin Wyant, Chad Cook, Jeffrey Hoder
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contraversive Lateropulsion, also referred to as contraversive pushing, pusher behavior, and pusher syndrome, can be associated with increased hospital length of stay, increased health care costs, and delayed outcomes in persons with stroke. The purpose of this updated systematic review was to identify scales used to classify contraversive lateropulsion, investigate literature that addresses their clinimetric properties, and create a resource for clinicians recommending use in clinical practice...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628076/promoting-simulation-globally-networking-with-nursing-colleagues-across-five-continents
#20
Celeste M Alfes, Elizabeth A Madigan
Simulation education is gaining momentum internationally and may provide the opportunity to enhance clinical education while disseminating evidence-based practice standards for clinical simulation and learning. There is a need to develop a cohesive leadership group that fosters support, networking, and sharing of simulation resources globally. The Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve University has had the unique opportunity to establish academic exchange programs with schools of nursing across five continents...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
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