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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087657/european-consensus-conference-on-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-clinical-practice
#1
Giovanni Cammarota, Gianluca Ianiro, Herbert Tilg, Mirjana Rajilić-Stojanović, Patrizia Kump, Reetta Satokari, Harry Sokol, Perttu Arkkila, Cristina Pintus, Ailsa Hart, Jonathan Segal, Marina Aloi, Luca Masucci, Antonio Molinaro, Franco Scaldaferri, Giovanni Gasbarrini, Antonio Lopez-Sanroman, Alexander Link, Pieter de Groot, Willem M de Vos, Christoph Högenauer, Peter Malfertheiner, Eero Mattila, Tomica Milosavljević, Max Nieuwdorp, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Magnus Simren, Antonio Gasbarrini
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an important therapeutic option for Clostridium difficile infection. Promising findings suggest that FMT may play a role also in the management of other disorders associated with the alteration of gut microbiota. Although the health community is assessing FMT with renewed interest and patients are becoming more aware, there are technical and logistical issues in establishing such a non-standardised treatment into the clinical practice with safety and proper governance...
January 13, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086877/treating-the-invisible-gaps-and-opportunities-for-enhanced-tb-control-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#2
Naomi Tschirhart, Sein Sein Thi, Lei Lei Swe, Francois Nosten, Angel M Foster
BACKGROUND: In Thailand's northwestern Tak province, contextual conditions along the border with Myanmar pose difficulties for TB control among migrant populations. Incomplete surveillance data, migrant patient mobility, and loss to follow-up make it difficult to estimate the TB burden and implement effective TB control measures. This multi-methods study examined tuberculosis, tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment accessibility for migrants and refugees in Tak province, health system response, and public health surveillance...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086871/the-integrated-care-pathway-for-post-stroke-patients-icapps-a-shared-care-approach-between-stakeholders-in-areas-with-limited-access-to-specialist-stroke-care-services
#3
Aznida Firzah Abdul Aziz, Nor Azlin Mohd Nordin, Mohd Fairuz Ali, Noor Azah Abd Aziz, Saperi Sulong, Syed Mohamed Aljunid
BACKGROUND: Lack of intersectoral collaboration within public health sectors compound efforts to promote effective multidisciplinary post stroke care after discharge following acute phase. A coordinated, primary care-led care pathway to manage post stroke patients residing at home in the community was designed by an expert panel of specialist stroke care providers to help overcome fragmented post stroke care in areas where access is limited or lacking. METHODS: Expert panel discussions comprising Family Medicine Specialists, Neurologists, Rehabilitation Physicians and Therapists, and Nurse Managers from Ministry of Health and acadaemia were conducted...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086862/management-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-by-national-dental-practice-based-research-network-practitioners-results-from-a-questionnaire-administered-prior-to-initiation-of-a-clinical-study-on-this-topic
#4
Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski, Cyril Meyerowitz, Mark S Litaker, Sidney Chonowski, Marc W Heft, Valeria V Gordan, Robin L Yardic, Theresa E Madden, Stephanie C Reyes, Gregg H Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is a common problem encountered in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to identify the management approaches for DH among United States dentists. METHODS: One hundred eighty five National Dental Practice-Based Research Network clinicians completed a questionnaire regarding their preferred methods to diagnose and manage DH in the practice setting, and their beliefs about DH predisposing factors. RESULTS: Almost all dentists (99%) reported using more than one method to diagnose DH...
January 13, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079974/findings-from-a-pilot-study-bringing-evidence-based-practice-to-the-bedside
#5
Mary Ann Friesen, Joni M Brady, Renee Milligan, Patricia Christensen
BACKGROUND: To translate research supporting inpatient care outcomes and provide evidence-based care, registered nurses (RNs) need continuing education and mentoring support to adopt evidence-based practice (EBP). AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess a demonstration project intended to pilot and evaluate a structured EBP education with mentoring innovation for nurses in a multihospital system. METHODS: Nurses from five units in five hospitals were included in an education with mentoring innovation to implement the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Model and the Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration (ARCC) Model...
January 12, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079726/the-charter-on-professionalism-for-health-care-organizations
#6
Barry E Egener, Diana J Mason, Walter J McDonald, Sally Okun, Meg E Gaines, David A Fleming, Bernie M Rosof, David Gullen, May-Lynn Andresen
In 2002, the Physician Charter on Medical Professionalism was published to provide physicians with guidance for decision making in a rapidly changing environment. Feedback from physicians indicated that they were unable to fully live up to the principles in the 2002 charter partly because of their employing or affiliated health care organizations. A multistakeholder group has developed a Charter on Professionalism for Health Care Organizations, which may provide more guidance than charters for individual disciplines, given the current structure of health care delivery systems...
January 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079642/an-evaluation-of-a-competency-based-public-health-training-program-for-public-health-professionals-in-kansas
#7
Kyrah K Brown, JʼVonnah Maryman, Tracie Collins
CONTEXT: Less than one-third of the US public health workforce has formal training in public health. Academic-public health agency partnerships aimed at addressing the nation's workforce challenges have shown great promise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a piloted competency-based public health training program formed out of an academic-public health agency partnership. DESIGN: Mixed-methods design using pre- and postworkshop surveys and quizzes, open-ended questions, and document review...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077566/duplicates-redundancies-and-inconsistencies-in-the-primary-nucleotide-databases-a-descriptive-study
#8
Qingyu Chen, Justin Zobel, Karin Verspoor
GenBank, the EMBL European Nucleotide Archive and the DNA DataBank of Japan, known collectively as the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration or INSDC, are the three most significant nucleotide sequence databases. Their records are derived from laboratory work undertaken by different individuals, by different teams, with a range of technologies and assumptions and over a period of decades. As a consequence, they contain a great many duplicates, redundancies and inconsistencies, but neither the prevalence nor the characteristics of various types of duplicates have been rigorously assessed...
2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077563/the-bioc-biogrid-corpus-full-text-articles-annotated-for-curation-of-protein-protein-and-genetic-interactions
#9
Rezarta Islamaj Doğan, Sun Kim, Andrew Chatr-Aryamontri, Christie S Chang, Rose Oughtred, Jennifer Rust, W John Wilbur, Donald C Comeau, Kara Dolinski, Mike Tyers
A great deal of information on the molecular genetics and biochemistry of model organisms has been reported in the scientific literature. However, this data is typically described in free text form and is not readily amenable to computational analyses. To this end, the BioGRID database systematically curates the biomedical literature for genetic and protein interaction data. This data is provided in a standardized computationally tractable format and includes structured annotation of experimental evidence. BioGRID curation necessarily involves substantial human effort by expert curators who must read each publication to extract the relevant information...
2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077130/the-case-of-value-based-healthcare-for-people-living-with-complex-long-term-conditions
#10
Marie Elf, Maria Flink, Marie Nilsson, Malin Tistad, Lena von Koch, Charlotte Ytterberg
BACKGROUND: There is a trend towards value-based health service, striving to cut costs while generating value for the patient. The overall objective comprises higher-quality health services and improved patient safety and cost efficiency. The approach could align with patient-centred care, as it entails a focus on the patient's experience of her or his entire cycle of care, including the use of well-defined outcome measurements. Challenges arise when the approach is applied to health services for people living with long-term complex conditions that require support from various healthcare services...
January 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076918/disparities-in-supports-for-student-wellness-promotion-efforts-among-secondary-schools-in-minnesota
#11
Nicole Larson, Michael O'Connell, Cynthia S Davey, Caitlin Caspi, Martha Y Kubik, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: We examined whether there are differences in the presence of supports for student wellness promotion (1) between schools in city, suburban and rural locations and, (2) among rural schools, according to distance from a metropolitan center. METHODS: The analysis was conducted in a sample of 309 secondary schools using 2012 Minnesota School Health Profiles surveys and National Center for Educational Statistics Common Core Data. Scores for overall support addressed school health improvement coordination (range: 0-29), collaboration on health education activities (range: 0-5), and teachers' professional preparation (range: 0-7)...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076661/impression-techniques-used-for-single-unit-crowns-findings-from-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#12
Michael S McCracken, David R Louis, Mark S Litaker, Helena M Minyé, Thomas Oates, Valeria V Gordan, Don G Marshall, Cyril Meyerowitz, Gregg H Gilbert
PURPOSE: To: (1) determine which impression and gingival displacement techniques practitioners use for single-unit crowns on natural teeth; and (2) test whether certain dentist and practice characteristics are significantly associated with the use of these techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dentists participating in the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network were eligible for this survey study. The study used a questionnaire developed by clinicians, statisticians, laboratory technicians, and survey experts...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074757/advanced-practice-nurse-transitional-care-model-promotes-healing-in-wound-care
#13
Carole Mackavey
: Optimally, transition in health care should be seamless and incorporate a well-thought-out patient-centered discharge plan; yet, many hospitalized patients are unprepared for discharge, thereby compromising patient safety and quality of care. Transition of care should include a broad range of time-limited services designed to ensure health care continuity to avoid poor outcomes among at-risk populations. This case study demonstrates that advanced practice nurses (APNs) are in the perfect position to bridge the existing gap, reduce readmissions, and improve patient health...
September 1, 2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074211/safe-practices-for-copy-and-paste-in-the-ehr-systematic-review-recommendations-and-novel-model-for-health%C3%A2-it-collaboration
#14
Amy Y Tsou, Christoph U Lehmann, Jeremy Michel, Ronni Solomon, Lorraine Possanza, Tejal Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Copy and paste functionality can support efficiency during clinical documentation, but may promote inaccurate documentation with risks for patient safety. The Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety was formed to gather data, conduct analysis, educate, and disseminate safe practices for safer care using health information technology (IT). OBJECTIVE: To characterize copy and paste events in clinical care, identify safety risks, describe existing evidence, and develop implementable practice recommendations for safe reuse of information via copy and paste...
January 11, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073736/development-of-an-educational-game-to-set-up-surgical-instruments-on-the-mayo-stand-or-back-table-applied-research-in-production-technology
#15
Crislaine Pires Padilha Paim, Silvia Goldmeier
BACKGROUND: Existing research suggests that digital games can be used effectively for educational purposes at any level of training. Perioperative nursing educators can use games to complement curricula, in guidance and staff development programs, to foster team collaboration, and to give support to critical thinking in nursing practice because it is a complex environment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of developing an educational game to set up surgical instruments on the Mayo stand or back table as a resource to assist the instructor in surgical instrumentation training for students and nursing health professionals in continued education...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073600/e-cigarettes-and-urologic-health-a-collaborative-review-of-toxicology-epidemiology-and-potential-risks
#16
REVIEW
Liam Bourke, Linda Bauld, Christopher Bullen, Marcus Cumberbatch, Edward Giovannucci, Farhad Islami, Hayden McRobbie, Debra T Silverman, James W F Catto
CONTEXT: Use of electronic cigarettes (ECs) is on the rise in most high-income countries. Smoking conventional cigarettes is a known risk factor for urologic malignancy incidence, progression, and mortality, as well as for other urologic health indicators. The potential impact of EC use on urologic health is therefore of clinical interest to the urology community. OBJECTIVE: To review the available data on current EC use, including potential benefits in urologic patients, potential issues linked to toxicology of EC constituents, and how this might translate into urologic health risks...
January 7, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072647/tools-for-practical-psychotherapy-a-transtheoretical-collection-or-interventions-which-have-at-least-worked-for-us
#17
Joel Yager, Robert E Feinstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Regardless of their historical and theoretical roots, strategies, tactics, and techniques used in everyday psychotherapy across diverse theoretical schools contain common factors and methods from other specific psychotherapeutic modalities that contribute substantially to psychotherapy outcomes. Common factors include alliance, empathy, goal consensus/collaboration, positive regard/affirmation, and congruence/genuineness, among others. All therapies also recognize that factors specific to therapists impact treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071948/current-practice-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-during-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#18
Caw Macano, E A Griffiths, R S Vohra
INTRODUCTION Current guidelines do not recommend antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Despite this, there is wide variation in antibiotic prophylaxis during cholecystectomy in population-based studies. The aim of this survey was to establish the current rationale for antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS A short questionnaire was designed and disseminated across collaborators for a population-based study investigating outcomes following cholecystectomy and via the Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons, Researchgate and Surginet membership...
January 10, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071806/gps-perspectives-on-prescribing-for-older-people-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#19
David O Riordan, Stephen Byrne, Aoife Fleming, Patricia M Kearney, Rose Galvin, Carol Sinnott
AIMS: The aim of this study was firstly to reveal the determinants of GP prescribing behaviour for older adults in primary care and secondly to elicit GPs' views on the potential role for broad intervention strategies involving pharmacists and/or information technology systems in general practice. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were carried out with a purposive sample of GPs. Three multidisciplinary researchers independently coded the interview data using a framework approach...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069732/weight-management-practices-associated-with-pcos-and-their-relationships-with-diet-and-physical-activity
#20
L J Moran, W J Brown, S A McNaughton, A E Joham, H J Teede
STUDY QUESTION: Do weight management practices differ in women with and without PCOS? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women in the general population with self-reported PCOS are more likely to be using healthy weight management practices and alternative non-lifestyle measures for weight management than women without PCOS. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Lifestyle management is the first-line treatment in PCOS. However, the specific weight management practices used by women with PCOS and their effect on diet and physical activity are unclear...
January 8, 2017: Human Reproduction
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