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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917225/psychological-treatments-for-adults-and-children-with-epilepsy-evidence-based-recommendations-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-psychology-task-force
#1
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Laura H Goldstein, Markus Reuber, William Curt LaFrance, Tobias Lundgren, Avani C Modi, Janelle L Wagner
Given the significant impact that psychosocial factors and epilepsy treatments can have on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of individuals with epilepsy and their families, there is great clinical interest in the role of psychological evaluation and treatments to improve HRQOL and comorbidities. Therefore, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) charged the Psychology Task Force with the development of recommendations for clinical care based on evaluation of the evidence from their recent Cochrane review of psychological treatments in individuals with epilepsy...
June 19, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916949/central-line-in-long-term-parenteral-nutrition-in-children-a-european-survey
#2
Iva Hojsak, Florence Lacaille, Girish L Gupte, Jutta Köglmeier
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The guidelines for the insertion and maintenance of the central venous catheter (CVC) in children on long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) were published 12 years ago and studies evaluating the outcomes are limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a survey about criteria for CVC insertion and maintenance in intestinal failure/rehabilitation centres treating children on home PN. METHODS: An on-line cross-sectional survey based on previous European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) PN guidelines was distributed electronically to the members of the ESPGHAN networking group, Network for Intestinal Failure and Transplantation in Europe (NITE) and tertiary paediatric gastroenterology centres in Europe...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916827/ttapp-together-take-a-pause-and-ponder-a-critical-thinking-tool-for-exploring-the-public-private-lives-of-patients
#3
Leslie Kuhnel
The broad use of social networking and user-generated content has increased the online footprint of many individuals. A generation of healthcare professionals have grown up with online search activities as part of their everyday lives. Sites like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram have given the public new ways to share intimate details about their public and private lives and the lives of their friends and families. As a result, careproviders have the ability to find out more about their patients with just the tap of a key or the click of a mouse...
2018: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916261/pharma-collaboration-for-transparent-medical-information-phactmi-benchmark-study-trends-drivers-success-factors-and-value-of-globalization-in-medical-information
#4
Suzana A Giffin, Richa Shah, Allison Soloff, Anna Markel Vaysman, Jane Oreper, Andrew Gažo, Pooja Gandhi, Ina Shah, Thomas Malieckal, Daniel Boulos, Teresa Flowers, Carolle A Stevens, Michael S Rocco, Aarti S Patel, Dominick Albano
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, biopharmaceutical companies have been progressively establishing global frameworks across their capabilities. It is well recognized that the Medical Information (MI) department is a key externally facing function that needs to maintain a consistent focus on optimizing its capabilities of addressing product medical inquiries worldwide. METHODS: In the United States, a consortium named Pharma Collaboration for Transparent Medical Information, phactMI, a collaboration of pharmaceutical company MI departments dedicated to supporting health care professionals in their commitment to provide quality patient care, has provided a forum to benchmark and share best practices across the companies...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915876/assessing-actors-in-rural-markets-of-sheep-and-goats-in-the-nyando-basin-of-western-kenya-a-key-to-improving-productivity-from-smallholder-farms
#5
Julie M K Ojango, James Audho, Edwin Oyieng, Maren Radeny, Philip Kimeli, John Recha, Anne W T Muigai
Livestock traders are a key conduit for incentives in livestock production systems. Their actions affect producer prices, investment decisions, and their livelihoods. However, smallholder farmers in rural communities of eastern Africa often have limited understanding of the marketing process and the interactions among market actors. This study was undertaken following the introduction of improved indigenous goat and sheep breeds in Climate Smart Villages of Nyando in western Kenya. We sought to understand the marketing of sheep and goats in five key rural markets used by the smallholder farmers of Nyando, to generate information on key market actors, their functions in the value chain, and their preferences for attributes in sheep and goats...
June 18, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915640/standardized-review-and-approval-process-for-high-cost-medication-use-promotes-value-based-care-in-a-large-academic-medical-system
#6
REVIEW
Raghu Durvasula, Janet Kelly, Anneliese Schleyer, Bradley D Anawalt, Shabir Somani, Timothy H Dellit
Background: As healthcare costs rise and reimbursements decrease, healthcare organization leadership and clinical providers must collaborate to provide high-value healthcare. Medications are a key driver of the increasing cost of healthcare, largely as a result of the proliferation of expensive specialty drugs, including biologic agents. Such medications contribute significantly to the inpatient diagnosis-related group payment system, often with minimal or unproved benefit over less-expensive therapies...
April 2018: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915407/defining-outcomes-following-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-using-standardised-clinical-assessment-and-management-plan-scamp-methodology-within-the-cdh-euro-consortium
#7
REVIEW
Hanneke IJsselstijn, Cormac Breatnach, Aparna Hoskote, Anne Greenough, Neil Patel, Irma Capolupo, Francesco Morini, Horst Scharbatke, Florian Kipfmueller, Kjetil Ertresvag, Ulrike Kraemer, Annabella Braguglia, Lucas Wessel, Arno F J van Heijst, Inger Moinichen, Raghnild Emblem, Dick Tibboel
Treatment modalities for neonates born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have greatly improved in recent times with a concomitant increase in survival. In 2008, CDH EURO consortium, a collaboration of a large volume of CDH centers in Western Europe, was established with a goal to standardize management and facilitate multicenter research. However, limited knowledge on long-term outcomes restricts the identification of optimal care pathways for CDH survivors in adolescence and adulthood. This review aimed to evaluate the current practice of long-term follow-up within the CDH EURO consortium centers, and to review the literature on long-term outcomes published from 2000 onward...
May 29, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914611/patterns-of-point-of-care-test-use-among-obstetricians-and-gynaecologists-in-the-us
#8
Anne M Rompalo, Neko Castleberry, Lea Widdice, Jay Schulkin, Charlotte A Gaydos
Background: Point-of-care tests (POCTs) for reproductive health conditions have existed for decades. Newer POCTs for syphilis, HIV and trichomonas are currently available and easy to use. We surveyed practicing obstetricians and gynaecologists to determine current POCT use and perceived obstacles to use. Methods: Between June and August 2016, 1000 members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists were randomly selected and invited to complete a Qualtrics (222 West river Park Drive, Provo, Utah 84604, USA) survey; 600 of these were members of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network...
June 19, 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914583/-a-little-bit-offended-and-slightly-patronised-parents-experiences-of-national-child-measurement-programme-feedback
#9
Alexa Gainsbury, Sally Dowling
OBJECTIVE: To develop a descriptive account of parents' experiences of written feedback from the National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP), based on primary data collected from semi-structured focus groups. DESIGN: Four focus groups were held with a purposive sample of parents who had recently received written weight feedback from the NCMP in one local authority in England. Thematic data analysis was undertaken to develop a narrative of emergent themes regarding parents' experiences and the social influences shaping this...
June 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914466/supporting-the-implementation-of-stroke-quality-based-procedures-qbps-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-to-identify-knowledge-translation-activities-knowledge-translation-interventions-and-determinants-of-implementation-across-ontario
#10
Julia E Moore, Christine Marquez, Kristen Dufresne, Charmalee Harris, Jamie Park, Radha Sayal, Monika Kastner, Linda Kelloway, Sarah E P Munce, Mark Bayley, Matthew Meyer, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Health Quality Ontario introduced stroke quality-based procedures (QBPs) to promote use of evidence-based practices for patients with stroke in Ontario hospitals. The study purpose was to: (a) describe the knowledge translation (KT) interventions used to support stroke QBP implementation, (b) assess differences in the planned and reported KT interventions by region, and (c) explore determinants perceived to have affected outcomes. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used to evaluate: activities, KT interventions, and determinants of stroke QBP implementation...
June 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914463/motivational-interviewing-in-long-term-sickness-absence-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-followed-by-qualitative-and-economic-studies
#11
Lene Aasdahl, Vegard Stolsmo Foldal, Martin Inge Standal, Roger Hagen, Roar Johnsen, Marit Solbjør, Marius Steiro Fimland, Heidi Fossen, Chris Jensen, Gunnhild Bagøien, Vidar Halsteinli, Egil Andreas Fors
BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing (MI), mainly used and shown effective in health care (substance abuse, smoking cessation, increasing exercise and other life style changes), is a collaborative conversation (style) about change that could be useful for individuals having problems related to return to work (RTW). The aim of this paper is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of MI on RTW among sick listed persons compared to usual care, in a social security setting...
June 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914185/the-role-of-communities-in-mental-health-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-meta-review-of-components-and-competencies
#12
REVIEW
Brandon A Kohrt, Laura Asher, Anvita Bhardwaj, Mina Fazel, Mark J D Jordans, Byamah B Mutamba, Abhijit Nadkarni, Gloria A Pedersen, Daisy R Singla, Vikram Patel
Community-based mental health services are emphasized in the World Health Organization’s Mental Health Action Plan , the World Bank’s Disease Control Priorities , and the Action Plan of the World Psychiatric Association. There is increasing evidence for effectiveness of mental health interventions delivered by non-specialists in community platforms in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the role of community components has yet to be summarized. Our objective was to map community interventions in LMIC, identify competencies for community-based providers, and highlight research gaps...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913781/does-evidence-support-physiotherapy-management-of-adult-female-chronic-pelvic-pain-a-systematic-review
#13
S Loving, J Nordling, P Jaszczak, T Thomsen
Background and purpose Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a debilitating condition among women with a major impact on health-related quality of life, work productivity and health care utilisation. The exact prevalence of chronic pelvic pain is not known, but 3.8% is commonly suggested. Musculoskeletal dysfunction is frequently cited as a possible aetiology. Physiotherapy is therefore recommended as one treatment modality. The aim of this systematic review was to source and critically evaluate the evidence for an effect of physiotherapy on pain, physical activity and quality of life in the treatment of female CPP...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911967/from-principles-to-practice-real-world-patient-and-stakeholder-engagement-in-breast-cancer-research
#14
Sarah M Greene, Susan Brandzel, Karen J Wernli
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) in Washington, DC, has catalyzed a meaningful shift in the composition of research project teams since its initial research funding cycle in 2011. Despite the influx of funding in the research community for patient-centered research, research on how to effectively engage patients and stakeholders in the research process is still relatively nascent. Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute (KPWHRI) in Seattle, WA, was an early recipient of PCORI research funding and, as of December 2017, has received 8 PCORI research awards totaling nearly $15 million...
June 6, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910422/health-care-as-a-team-sport-studying-athletics-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration
#15
Anthony P Breitbach, Scott Reeves, Simon N Fletcher
Organizations value teamwork and collaboration as they strive to build culture and attain their goals and objectives. Sports provide a useful and easily accessible means to study teamwork. Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) has been identified as a means of improving patient and population health outcomes. Principles of teamwork in sports can inform health professionals and organizations regarding possible improvement strategies and barriers in the optimization of IPCP. Twenty-eight delegates from the 2017 All Together Better Health Conference in Oxford, UK participated in a World Café to discuss the how teamwork in sports can inform IPCP in healthcare and sports medicine...
August 18, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909797/a-review-of-integrated-heart-failure-care
#16
Julie MacInnes, Liz Williams
AimThe aim of this integrative review is to determine the effectiveness of integrated heart failure (HF) care in terms of patient-, service- and resource-related outcomes, and to determine what model or characteristics of integrated care work best, for whom and in what contexts. BACKGROUND: Integration of health and social care services is a significant driver in the development of better and more cost-effective health and social care systems in Europe and developed countries. As high users of health and social care services, considerable attention has been paid to the care of people with long-term conditions...
June 18, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908787/objective-evaluation-of-a-didactic-curriculum-for-the-radiation-oncology-medical-student-clerkship
#17
Daniel W Golden, Gregory E Kauffmann, Ryan P McKillip, Jeanne M Farnan, Yoon Soo Park, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: A structured didactic radiation oncology clerkship curriculum for medical students is in use at multiple academic medical centers. Objective evidence supporting this educational approach over the traditional clerkship model is lacking. This study evaluated the curriculum efficacy using an objective knowledge assessment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Medical students received the Radiation Oncology Education Collaborative Study Group (ROECSG) curriculum consisting of 3 lectures (Overview of Radiation Oncology, Radiation Biology/Physics, and Practical Aspects of Simulation/Radiation Emergencies) and a radiation oncology treatment-planning workshop...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908764/development-of-the-ripe-model-reflective-interprofessional-education-model-to-enhance-interprofessional-collaboration
#18
C Lucas, T Power, C Hayes, C Ferguson
This paper describes a novel model to providing interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional collaboration (IPC) within a simulated healthcare environment, in the higher education setting. The RIPE Model (Reflective Interprofessional Education Model) was developed for the purpose of enhancing IPE and IPC, clinical judgement, and decision-making between health professional students (pharmacy and nursing students) at the patient's simulated hospital bedside. A foundation 'unfolding' case utilizing the RIPE model was piloted with first year Master of pharmacy students and postgraduate nursing students at an Australian university and included a pharmacy practitioner acting as a resident medical officer (RMO) for the purpose of the teaching module...
June 2, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908616/primary-care-for-the-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-patient
#19
REVIEW
Frederic M Ettner
All physicians are likely to encounter gender diverse patients, and some of these patients require medically necessary surgical procedures. It is optimal for surgeons to collaborate with other providers who interact with this patient population. Primary care physicians initiate treatment with consultation from mental health professionals and refer to surgeons when necessary. Best practices consist of preventative care, hormone therapy induction when indicated, monitoring of all health parameters, and continuing care medically and postoperatively...
July 2018: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908050/australian-community-pharmacists-experience-of-implementing-a-chronic-kidney-disease-risk-assessment-service
#20
Pankti A Gheewala, Gregory M Peterson, Syed Tabish R Zaidi, Matthew D Jose, Ronald L Castelino
INTRODUCTION: Community pharmacists are well positioned to deliver chronic kidney disease (CKD) screening services. However, little is known about the challenges faced by pharmacists during service implementation. This study aimed to explore community pharmacists' experiences and perceived barriers of implementing a CKD risk assessment service. METHODS: Data collection was performed by using semistructured, open-ended interview questions. Pharmacists who had implemented a CKD screening service in Tasmania, Australia, were eligible to participate...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
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