Read by QxMD icon Read


Behjat Seifi, Abdollah Sajedizadeh, Mehri Kadkhodaee, Mina Ranjbaran
Physical exercise is shown to have protective effects on chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD itself is associated with a reduction in renal hydrogen sulfide (H2S) concentration. This study was designed to investigate whether protective effects of exercise in 5/6 nephrectomized (5/6 NX) rats is associated with H2S levels in the kidney? Twenty four male Wistar rats weighing 250-300 g were assigned into 4 groups: 1- Sham 2- Sham exercise 3-5/6 NX 4-5/6 NX+exercise. To induce CKD, 4 days after removing upper and lower one-third parts of the left kidney, total right nephrectomy was performed...
March 9, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Sau Ha Cheung, James Yun Wong Lau
S-sulfhydration is a signalling pathway of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), which is suggested as an anti-atherogenic molecule that may protect against atherosclerosis. The identification of S-sulfhydrated proteins by proteomic approach could be a major step towards understanding the mechanisms of H2S in response to atherosclerosis. The present study studied targeted S-sulfhydrated proteins using the modified biotin switch method followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time of flight tandem mass spectrometry identification...
2018: PloS One
Syed Fayaz Hashmp, Munavvar Z A Sattar, Hassaan A Rathore, Ashfaq Ahmadi, Edward J Johns
Until recently hydrogen sulfide (H2S) was the least appreciated of the three gasotransmitters but now recognized as 3Y gaseous mediator after nitric oxide(NO) and carbon monoxide (CO). H2S regulates a number of physiological processes like vasorelaxation, prevention of inflammation, leukocyte adhesion, anti-prolifera- tive effects, anti-thrombotic effects, resistance to oxidative stress and protection against ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). However, considerable amount of research is still needed to evaluate the mechanisms involved in the therapeutic effects of H2S in IRI such as its effects on nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-KB) concentration and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression in renal IRI and ARF (acute renal failure)...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Hyeongsu Choi, Jeongsu Lee, Seokyoon Shin, Juhyun Lee, Seungjin Lee, Hyunwoo Park, Sejin Kwon, Namgue Lee, Minwook Bang, Seung-Beck Lee, Hyeongtag Jeon
Representative tin sulfide compounds, tin monosulfide (SnS) and tin disulfide (SnS2) are strong candidates for future nanoelectronic devices, based on non-toxicity, low cost, unique structures and optoelectronic properties. However, it is insufficient for synthesizing of tin sulfide thin films using vapor phase deposition method which is capable of fabricating reproducible device and securing high quality films, and their device characteristics. In this study, we obtained highly crystalline SnS thin films by atomic layer deposition (ALD) and obtained highly crystalline SnS2 thin films by phase transition of the SnS thin films...
March 2, 2018: Nanotechnology
Suguru Nakamura, Koki Shioya, B Yukihiro Hiraoka, Nao Suzuki, Tomonori Hoshino, Taku Fujiwara, Nobuo Yoshinari, Toshihiro Ansai, Akihiro Yoshida
Porphyromonas gingivalis produces hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from l-cysteine. However, the role of H2S produced by P. gingivalis in periodontal inflammation is unclear. In this study, we identified the enzyme that catalyses H2S production from l-cysteine and analysed the role of H2S using a mouse abscess model. The enzyme identified was identical to methionine γ-lyase (PG0343), which produces methyl mercaptan (CH3SH) from l-methionine. Therefore, we analysed H2S and CH3SH production by P. gingivalis W83 and a PG0343-deletion mutant (ΔPG0343) with/without l-cysteine and/or l-methionine...
February 28, 2018: Microbiology
Mohamed Cheraki, Muneerah Mogren Al-Mogren, Gilberte Chambaud, Joseph S Francisco, Majdi Hochlaf
The stable isomers and electronic states of [S,S,N,O]- species are investigated with a special focus on the most relevant isomers that could be involved in the NO/H2S cross-talk pathways in biological media. This work identifies eight stable anions, among which are the already known cis-SSNO- and trans-SSNO- molecules and a new NO3--like anionic species, NS2O-. Our computations show that the previously determined structure in lab experiment is trans-SSNO-, which is not relevant for biological activity in vivo...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Xin Ni, Liang Zhang, Min Peng, Tu-Wang Shen, Xiu-Shi Yu, Li-Ya Shan, Li Li, Jun-Qiang Si, Xin-Zhi Li, Ke-Tao Ma
BACKGROUND Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive effects, and connexins (Cxs) are involved in regulation of immune homeostasis. In this study, we explored whether exogenous H2S prevents hypertensive inflammation by regulating Cxs expression of T lymphocytes in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). MATERIAL AND METHODS We treated SHR with sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) for 9 weeks. Vehicle-treated Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs) were used as a control. The arterial pressure was monitored by the tail-cuff method, and vascular function in basilar arteries was examined by pressure myography...
February 27, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Miao-Chun Fan, Yan-Qing Guo, Li-Ping Zhang, Ya-Min Zhu, Wei-Min Chen, Yan-Bing Lin, Ge-Hong Wei
A novel endophytic bacterium, designated strain HZ10T , was isolated from root nodules of Robinia pseudoacacia growing in a lead-zinc mine in Mianxian County, Shaanxi Province, China. The bacterium was Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile, slightly curved- and rod-shaped, methyl red-negative, catalase-positive, and did not produce H2S. Strain HZ10T grew at 4-45 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum, pH 7-8) and 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl. The major fatty acids were identified as C16 : 0, summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), and the quinone type was Q-8...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
L Xin, W Junhua, L Long, Y Jun, Y Xiaosu
The protective mechanism of exogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) at physiological doses in SH-SY5Y cells were investigated in this study. Comparing with the normal control group, the expressions of ERK3, p38MAPK and Nrf2 mRNA in other three groups were downregulated at the beginning of 24h. After 24h, the expressions of ERK3, p38MAPK and Nrf2 were upregulated significantly compared with the normal control group. When the cells were pretreated with 200μM NaHS at the beginning of 24h, the expressions of ERK3, p38MAPK and Nrf2 were decreased much more significantly than OGD/R and NaHS groups...
February 22, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
Haolin Sun, Longtao Qi, Shijun Wang, Xuwen Li, Chunde Li
Apoptosis plays pivotal role in the pathogenesis of degenerative disc diseases, which is the primary contributor to low back pain. Although the role of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in cell apoptosis is well appreciated, the effects and mechanism that H2S regulates the program death of intervertebral disc cell are not yet elucidated. In this study, we utilized the nucleus pulposus (NP) from patients with lumbar disc herniation to investigate the relationship between endogenous H2S and NP cells apoptosis in human. Furthermore, we analyzed primary rat NP cells to study the effects of exogenous H2S on hypoxia induced cell apoptosis...
2018: PloS One
Zhiyong Wang, Mignxing Fang, Jianying Guo, Yong Yang, Fengjun Tian
OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) were endogenously-generated molecules gas. They owned important biological activity and participated in many pathophysiological processes. This study aimed to examine the levels of three gasotransmitters in the early phase of trauma patients. METHOD: Blood samples were collected from 60 trauma patients and ten healthy volunteers. Concentration of serum iNOS and HO-1 were analyzed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and plasma H2S was determined by colorimetric method...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Ashfaq Ahmad, Munavvar A Sattar, Maleeha Azam, Safia A Khan, Owais Bhatt, Edward J Johns
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with decreased responsiveness of renal α1-adrenoreceptors subtypes to adrenergic agonists. Nitric oxide donors are known to have antihypertrophic effects however their impact on responsiveness of renal α1-adrenoreceptors subtypes is unknown. This study investigated the impact of nitric oxide (NO) and its potential interaction with the responsiveness of renal α1-adrenoreceptors subtypes to adrenergic stimulation in rats with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH)...
2018: PloS One
Denise Scuffi, Thomas Nietzel, Luciano Di Fino, Andreas J Meyer, Lorenzo Lamattina, Markus Schwarzländer, Ana M Laxalt, Carlos Garcia-Mata
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has emerged as an important gaseous signaling molecule in plants participating in several stresses and developmental processes. L-cysteine desulfhydrase 1 (DES1), one of the enzymatic sources of H2S in plants, was shown to participate in ABA-induced stomatal closure. In this work we combined pharmacological and genetic approaches to elucidate the involvement of H2S in stomatal closure and the interplay between H2S and other second messengers of the guard cell signaling network, such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and phospholipase D (PLD)-derived phosphatidic acid (PA) in Arabidopsis...
February 2, 2018: Plant Physiology
Valentina Citi, Eugenia Piragine, Lara Tastai, Maria Cristina Breschi, Vincenzo Calderone, Alma Martelli
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), previously known only as a toxic agent, in the last decades has been recognized as an important endogenous gasotransmitter, playing a key role in the homeostasis of the cardiovascular system. In the last years, the growing evidence about a protective role exhibited by H2S against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), led to an increasing interest for the possible mechanism of action accounting for the H2S cardioprotective effect, and to the discovery of the involvement of several targets...
February 12, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Shuxu Du, Yaqian Huang, Hongfang Jin, Tianyou Wang
Over the past few decades, the number of long term survivors of childhood cancers has been increased exponentially. However, among these survivors, treatment-related toxicity, especially cardiotoxicity, is becoming the essential cause of morbidity and mortality. Thus, preventing the treatment-related adverse effects is important to increase the event free survival during the treatment of cancer in children and adolescents. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) exerts a protective role on cardiomyocytes through a variety of mechanisms...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Gongping Liu, Valeriya Chernikova, Yang Liu, Kuang Zhang, Youssef Belmabkhout, Osama Shekhah, Chen Zhang, Shouliang Yi, Mohamed Eddaoudi, William J Koros
Membrane-based separations can improve energy efficiency and reduce the environmental impacts associated with traditional approaches. Nevertheless, many challenges must be overcome to design membranes that can replace conventional gas separation processes. Here, we report on the incorporation of engineered submicrometre-sized metal-organic framework (MOF) crystals into polymers to form hybrid materials that successfully translate the excellent molecular sieving properties of face-centred cubic (fcu)-MOFs into the resultant membranes...
February 12, 2018: Nature Materials
Daria Ezeriņa, Yoko Takano, Kenjiro Hanaoka, Yasuteru Urano, Tobias P Dick
The cysteine prodrug N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is widely used as a pharmacological antioxidant and cytoprotectant. It has been reported to lower endogenous oxidant levels and to protect cells against a wide range of pro-oxidative insults. As NAC itself is a poor scavenger of oxidants, the molecular mechanisms behind the antioxidative effects of NAC have remained uncertain. Here we show that NAC-derived cysteine is desulfurated to generate hydrogen sulfide, which in turn is oxidized to sulfane sulfur species, predominantly within mitochondria...
January 29, 2018: Cell Chemical Biology
David Marín, Esther Posadas, Patricia Cano, Víctor Pérez, Raquel Lebrero, Raúl Muñoz
The influence of the daily and seasonal variations of environmental conditions on the quality of the upgraded biogas was evaluated in an outdoors pilot scale high rate algal pond (HRAP) interconnected to an external absorption column (AC) via a conical settler. The high alkalinity in the cultivation broth resulted in a constant biomethane composition during the day regardless of the monitored month, while the high algal-bacterial activity during spring and summer boosted a superior biomethane quality. CO2 concentrations in the upgraded biogas ranged from 0...
February 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Yan Ji, Li-Jun Xia, Liu Chen, Xiao-Feng Guo, Hong Wang, Hui-Juan Zhang
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a critical biological messenger in numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes. Small-molecule fluorescent probes combined with fluorescent microscopy have been developed for the sensitive detection of H2S. Here, we designed and synthesized a long-wavelength BODIPY-based probe (TMSDNPOB) based on the thiolysis of dinitrophenyl ether according to photo-induced electron transfer theory and the results of computational calculation. 4,4-Difluoro-8-phenyl-1,5,7-trimethyl-3-(4-(2,4-dinitrophenoxy)styryl- 4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (TMSDNPOB) is nearly non-fluorescent, but the reaction product (TMSHOB) emits strong red fluorescence at 592nm when excited at 574nm...
May 1, 2018: Talanta
Bruna M Santos, Emanuela G Garattini, Luiz G S Branco, Christie R A Leite-Panissi, Glauce C Nascimento
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenous neuromodulator produced mainly by the enzyme cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) in peripheral tissues. A pronociceptive role of endogenously produced H2S has been previously reported by our group in a model of orofacial inflammatory pain. Using the established persistent orofacial pain rat model induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) injection into temporomandibular joint (TMJ), we have now investigated the putative role of endogenous H2S modulating hypernociceptive responses...
February 6, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"