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Infralimbic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762664/behavioral-and-serotonergic-changes-in-the-frontal-cortex-following-methamphetamine-self-administration
#1
Lisa M McFadden, Rebecca Cordie, Tamee Livermont, Andrew Johansen
Background: Methamphetamine (METH) use is associated with a variety of negative health outcomes including psychosis. The frontal cortex serotonin (5-HT)-2 receptors are thought to contribute to psychosis-like behaviors. This study investigated changes in serotonergic markers in the frontal cortex following METH self-administration and hallucinogenic drug-induced behavior. Methods: Consistent with previously published studies, freely-cycling male and female rats were allowed to self-administer METH (Males: 0...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747244/nucleus-reuniens-of-the-thalamus-controls-fear-memory-intensity-specificity-and-long-term-maintenance-during-consolidation
#2
Fernanda Troyner, Maira A Bicca, Leandro J Bertoglio
The thalamic nucleus reuniens (NR) has been shown to support bidirectional medial prefrontal cortex-hippocampus communication and synchronization relevant for cognitive processing. Using non-selective or prolonged inactivation of the NR, previous studies reported its activity positively modulates aversive memory consolidation. Here we examined the NR's role in consolidating contextual fear memories with varied strength, at both recent and more remote time points, using muscimol-induced temporary inactivation in rats...
May 10, 2018: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743496/complex-housing-causes-a-robust-increase-in-dendritic-complexity-and-spine-density-of-medial-prefrontal-cortical-neurons
#3
Archana Ashokan, Jamien Wee Han Lim, Nicholas Hang, Rupshi Mitra
Prelimbic cortex and infralimbic cortex, parts of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, are critical brain regions for generating a flexible behavioral response to changing environmental contingencies. This includes the role of these brain structures in the extinction of learned fear, decision making and retrieval of remote memories. Dendritic structure of medial prefrontal cortex neurons retains significant structural plasticity in adulthood. This has been mainly demonstrated as dendritic atrophy and loss of dendritic spines due to chronic stress...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695413/altered-excitability-and-local-connectivity-of-mpfc-pag-neurons-in-a-mouse-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#4
John Cheriyan, Patrick L Sheets
The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) plays a major role in both sensory and affective aspects of pain. There is extensive evidence that chronic pain produces functional changes within the mPFC. However, our understanding of local circuit changes to defined subpopulations of mPFC neurons in chronic pain models remains unclear. A major subpopulation of mPFC neurons project to the periaqueductal gray (PAG) which is a key midbrain structure involved in endogenous pain suppression and facilitation. Here, we used laser scanning photostimulation of caged glutamate to map cortical circuits of retrogradely-labeled cortico-PAG (CP) neurons in layer 5 (L5) of mPFC in brain slices prepared from male mice having undergone chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686260/excitatory-connections-between-the-prelimbic-and-infralimbic-medial-prefrontal-cortex-show-a-role-for-the-prelimbic-cortex-in-fear-extinction
#5
Roger Marek, Li Xu, Robert K P Sullivan, Pankaj Sah
We elucidated the intrinsic circuitry of the medial prefrontal cortex and its role in regulating fear extinction, using neuronal tracing and optogenetic stimulation in vitro and in vivo. We show that pyramidal neurons in layer 5/6 of the prelimbic medial prefrontal cortex project to pyramidal cells in layer 5/6 of the infralimbic cortex. Activation of this connection enhances fear extinction, redefining the role of the prelimbic cortex in extinction learning.
May 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684448/absence-of-fear-renewal-and-functional-connections-between-prefrontal-cortex-and-hippocampus-in-infant-mice
#6
Liyu Li, Xiaoli Gao, Qiang Zhou
Impairment in fear extinction is widely viewed as a major contributor to, or even an underlying mechanism of, the pathogenesis of anxiety disorders and PTSD. Children with traumatic experience have a higher risk for developing anxiety disorders and PTSD in the adult. Little is known about the nature of fear memory extinction and its underlying mechanism during this period. Here we showed that while renewal of fear memory is context-specific in adult mice, it is absent in infant mice (P17). Using local injection of GABAa receptor antagonist picrotoxin, we found that there is no functional connectivity between infralimbic prefrontal cortex and hippocampus in P17 mice, while prefrontal cortex projection to amygdala is functioning...
April 20, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678443/high-frequency-stimulation-of-the-infralimbic-cortex-following-behavioral-suppression-of-ptsd-like-symptoms-prevents-symptom-relapse-in-mice
#7
Yassine Bentefour, Mohamed Bennis, René Garcia, Saadia Ba-M'hamed
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated, in mice, that antidepressant treatment can prevent relapse of PTSD-like behaviors (avoidance, hyperarousal, and anxiety) through increased activation in the infralimbic cortex (IL) of the medial prefrontal cortex. OBJECTIVE: Here, we examined whether direct high-frequency stimulation (HFS) of the IL, provoking its heightened activation (i.e., long-term potentiation, LTP), would also prevent the return of PTSD-like symptoms...
April 10, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580891/repeated-social-stress-leads-to-contrasting-patterns-of-structural-plasticity-in-the-amygdala-and-hippocampus
#8
D Patel, S Anilkumar, S Chattarji, B Buwalda
Previous studies have demonstrated that repeated immobilization and restraint stress cause contrasting patterns of dendritic reorganization as well as alterations in spine density in amygdalar and hippocampal neurons. Whether social and ethologically relevant stressors can induce similar patterns of morphological plasticity remains largely unexplored. Hence, we assessed the effects of repeated social defeat stress on neuronal morphology in basolateral amygdala (BLA), hippocampal CA1 and infralimbic medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC)...
March 23, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566220/neuregulin-1-deficiency-modulates-adolescent-stress-induced-dendritic-spine-loss-in-a-brain-region-specific-manner-and-increases-complement-4-expression-in-the-hippocampus
#9
David J Clarke, Tariq W Chohan, Mustafa S Kassem, Kristie L Smith, Rose Chesworth, Tim Karl, Michael P Kuligowski, Sandra Y Fok, Maxwell R Bennett, Jonathon C Arnold
One neuropathological feature of schizophrenia is a diminished number of dendritic spines in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. The neuregulin 1 (Nrg1) system is involved in the plasticity of dendritic spines, and chronic stress decreases dendritic spine densities in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. Here, we aimed to assess whether Nrg1 deficiency confers vulnerability to the effects of adolescent stress on dendritic spine plasticity. We also assessed other schizophrenia-relevant neurobiological changes such as microglial cell activation, loss of parvalbumin (PV) interneurons, and induction of complement factor 4 (C4)...
March 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526788/on-the-central-noradrenergic-mechanism-underlying-the-social-play-suppressant-effect-of-methylphenidate-in-rats
#10
E J Marijke Achterberg, Ruth Damsteegt, Louk J M J Vanderschuren
Social play behaviour is a vigorous, highly rewarding social activity abundant in the young of most mammalian species, including humans. Social play is thought to be important for social, emotional and cognitive development, yet its neural underpinnings are incompletely understood. We have previously shown that low doses of methylphenidate suppress social play behaviour through a noradrenergic mechanism of action, and that methylphenidate exerts its effect within the prefrontal cortex, amygdala and habenula...
March 8, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518495/the-infralimbic-cortex-encodes-inhibition-irrespective-of-motivational-significance
#11
Nura W Lingawi, Nathan M Holmes, R Fredrick Westbrook, Vincent Laurent
Evidence indicates that the infralimbic cortex (IL) encodes and retrieves the inhibitory memory produced by fear extinction. Recently, we have shown that the IL is also involved in the inhibitory memory generated by stimulus pre-exposure that causes latent inhibition. These results are surprising because a stimulus undergoing fear extinction carries aversive motivational value, whereas a pre-exposed stimulus is neutral. The present experiments tested the hypothesis that the IL encodes inhibition irrespective of the motivational information about the stimulus...
April 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507292/fear-extinction-requires-infralimbic-cortex-projections-to-the-basolateral-amygdala
#12
Daniel W Bloodgood, Jonathan A Sugam, Andrew Holmes, Thomas L Kash
Fear extinction involves the formation of a new memory trace that attenuates fear responses to a conditioned aversive memory, and extinction impairments are implicated in trauma- and stress-related disorders. Previous studies in rodents have found that the infralimbic prefrontal cortex (IL) and its glutamatergic projections to the basolateral amygdala (BLA) and basomedial amygdala (BMA) instruct the formation of fear extinction memories. However, it is unclear whether these pathways are exclusively involved in extinction, or whether other major targets of the IL, such as the nucleus accumbens (NAc) also play a role...
March 6, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485117/acute-pharmacogenetic-activation-of-medial-prefrontal-cortex-excitatory-neurons-regulates-anxiety-like-behaviour
#13
Sthitapranjya Pati, Ankit Sood, Sourish Mukhopadhyay, Vidita A Vaidya
The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is implicated in anxiety-like behaviour. In rodent models, perturbations of mPFC neuronal activity through pharmacological manipulations, optogenetic activation of mPFC neurons or cell-type specific pharmacogenetic inhibition of somatostatin interneurons indicate conflicting effects on anxiety-like behaviour. In the present study we examined the effects of pharmacogenetic activation of Ca 2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase alpha (CamKII alpha)-positive excitatory neurons on anxiety-like behaviour...
March 2018: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483279/choice-for-drug-or-natural-reward-engages-largely-overlapping-neuronal-ensembles-in-the-infralimbic-prefrontal-cortex
#14
Simone Pfarr, Laura Schaaf, Janine K Reinert, Elisabeth Paul, Frank Herrmannsdörfer, Martin Roßmanith, Thomas Kuner, Anita C Hansson, Rainer Spanagel, Christoph Körber, Wolfgang H Sommer
Cue-reward associations form distinct memories that can drive appetitive behaviors and are involved in craving for both drugs and natural rewards. Distinct sets of neurons, so-called neuronal ensembles, in the infralimbic area (IL) of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) play a key role in alcohol seeking. Whether this ensemble is specific for alcohol or controls reward seeking in general remains unclear. Here, we compared IL ensembles formed upon recall of drug (alcohol) or natural reward (saccharin) memories in male Wistar rats...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477695/prefrontal-limbic-functional-connectivity-during-acquisition-and-extinction-of-conditioned-fear
#15
Douglas W Barrett, F Gonzalez-Lima
This study is a new analysis to obtain novel metabolic data on the functional connectivity of prefrontal-limbic regions in Pavlovian fear acquisition and extinction of tone-footshock conditioning. Mice were analyzed with the fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) autoradiographic method to metabolically map regional brain activity. New FDG data were sampled from the nuclei of the habenula and other regions implicated in aversive conditioning, such as infralimbic cortex, amygdala and periaqueductal gray regions. The activity patterns among these regions were inter-correlated during acquisition, extinction or pseudorandom training to develop a functional connectivity model...
April 15, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473165/neural-oscillations-in-the-infralimbic-cortex-after-electrical-stimulation-of-the-amygdala-relevance-to-acute-stress-processing
#16
Aina Luque-García, Vicent Teruel-Martí, Sergio Martínez-Bellver, Albert Adell, Ana Cervera-Ferri, Joana Martínez-Ricós
The stress system coordinates the adaptive reactions of the organism to stressors. Therefore, dysfunctions in this circuit may correlate to anxiety-related disorders, including depression. Comprehending the dynamics of this network may lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms that underlie these diseases. The central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and brainstem nodes by triggering endocrine, autonomic and behavioral stress responses. The medial prefrontal cortex plays a significant role in regulating reactions to stressors, and is specifically important for limiting fear responses...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471053/morphological-and-functional-evidence-of-increased-excitatory-signaling-in-the-prelimbic-cortex-during-ethanol-withdrawal
#17
Florence P Varodayan, Harpreet Sidhu, Max Kreifeldt, Marisa Roberto, Candice Contet
Excessive alcohol consumption in humans induces deficits in decision making and emotional processing, which indicates a dysfunction of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). The present study aimed to determine the impact of chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) inhalation on mouse medial PFC pyramidal neurons. Data were collected 6-8 days into withdrawal from 7 weeks of CIE exposure, a time point when mice exhibit behavioral symptoms of withdrawal. We found that spine maturity in prelimbic (PL) layer 2/3 neurons was increased, while dendritic spines in PL layer 5 neurons or infralimbic (IL) neurons were not affected...
May 1, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450645/brain-c-fos-expression-patterns-induced-by-emotional-stressors-differing-in-nature-and-intensity
#18
Jesús Úbeda-Contreras, Ignacio Marín-Blasco, Roser Nadal, Antonio Armario
Regardless of its particular nature, emotional stressors appear to elicit a widespread and roughly similar brain activation pattern as evaluated by c-fos expression. However, their behavioral and physiological consequences may strongly differ. Here we addressed in adult male rats the contribution of the intensity and the particular nature of stressors by comparing, in a set of brain areas, the number of c-fos expressing neurons in response to open-field, cat odor or immobilization on boards (IMO). These are qualitatively different stressors that are known to differ in terms of intensity, as evaluated by biological markers...
February 15, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427306/impaired-fear-extinction-in-serotonin-transporter-knockout-rats-is-associated-with-increased-5-hydroxymethylcytosine-in-the-amygdala
#19
Ling Shan, Hang-Yuan Guo, Corina N A M van den Heuvel, Joop van Heerikhuize, Judith R Homberg
AIMS: One potential risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) involves the low activity (short; s) allelic variant of the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR), possibly due to reduced prefrontal control over the amygdala. Evidence shows that DNA methylation/demethylation is crucial for fear extinction in these brain areas and is associated with neuronal activation marker c-Fos expression. We hypothesized that impaired fear extinction in serotonin transporter knockout (5-HTT-/- ) rats is related to changes in DNA (de) methylation and c-Fos expression in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and/or amygdala...
February 9, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408273/impairment-in-extinction-of-cued-fear-memory-in-syntenin-1-knockout-mice
#20
Gourango Talukdar, Ran Inoue, Tomoyuki Yoshida, Hisashi Mori
Syntenin-1 is a PDZ domain-containing intracellular scaffold protein involved in exosome production, synapse formation, and synaptic plasticity. We tested whether syntenin-1 can regulate learning and memory through its effects on synaptic plasticity. Specifically, we investigated the role of syntenin-1 in contextual and cued fear conditioning and extinction of conditioned fear using syntenin-1 knockout (KO) mice. Genetic disruption of syntenin-1 had little effect on contextual and cued fear memory. However, syntenin-1 KO mice exhibited selective impairment in cued fear extinction retention...
March 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
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