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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447166/a-molecular-basis-behind-heterophylly-in-an-amphibious-plant-ranunculus-trichophyllus
#1
Juhyun Kim, Youngsung Joo, Jinseul Kyung, Myeongjune Jeon, Jong Yoon Park, Ho Gyun Lee, Doo Soo Chung, Eunju Lee, Ilha Lee
Ranunculus trichophyllus is an amphibious plant that produces thin and cylindrical leaves if grown under water but thick and broad leaves if grown on land. We found that such heterophylly is widely controlled by two plant hormones, abscisic acid (ABA) and ethylene, which control terrestrial and aquatic leaf development respectively. Aquatic leaves produced higher levels of ethylene but lower levels of ABA than terrestrial leaves. In aquatic leaves, its distinct traits with narrow shape, lack of stomata, and reduced vessel development were caused by EIN3-mediated overactivation of abaxial genes, RtKANADIs, and accompanying with reductions of STOMAGEN and VASCULAR-RELATED NAC-DOMAIN7 (VDN7)...
February 15, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399660/stress-induced-mutagenesis-implications-in-cancer-and-drug-resistance
#2
Devon M Fitzgerald, P J Hastings, Susan M Rosenberg
Genomic instability underlies many cancers and generates genetic variation that drives cancer initiation, progression, and therapy resistance. In contrast with classical assumptions that mutations occur purely stochastically at constant, gradual rates, microbes, plants, flies, and human cancer cells possess mechanisms of mutagenesis that are upregulated by stress responses. These generate transient, genetic-diversity bursts that can propel evolution, specifically when cells are poorly adapted to their environments-that is, when stressed...
March 2017: Annual Review of Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390151/high-co2-hypoxia-responsive-transcription-factor-network-involved-in-persimmon-fruit-deastringency
#3
Qing-Gang Zhu, Zi-Yuan Gong, Miao-Miao Wang, Xian Li, Donald Grierson, Xue-Ren Yin, Kun-Song Chen
Plant responses to anaerobic environments are regulated by ethylene response factors (ERFs) in both vegetative and productive organs, but the roles of other transcription factors (TFs) in hypoxia responses are poorly understood. Here, eight TFs (DkbHLH1, DkMYB9/10/11, DkRH2-1, DkGT3-1, DkAN1-1, DkHSF1) were shown to be strongly up-regulated by AHCA (artificial high CO2 atmosphere, 1 % O2 and 95 % CO2). Dual-luciferase assay indicated some TFs were activators of previously characterized DkERFs, including DkMYB10 for the DkERF9 promoter, DkERF18/19 and DkMYB6 for the DkERF19 promoter, DkERF21/22 for the DkERF10 promoter...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351575/waterlogging-tolerance-tissue-nitrogen-and-oxygen-transport-in-the-forage-legume-melilotus-siculus-a-comparison-of-nodulated-and-nitrate-fed-plants
#4
Dennis Konnerup, Guillermo Toro, Ole Pedersen, Timothy David Colmer
Background and Aims: Soil waterlogging adversely impacts most plants. Melilotus siculus is a waterlogging-tolerant annual forage legume, but data were lacking for the effects of root-zone hypoxia on nodulated plants reliant on N2 fixation. The aim was to compare the waterlogging tolerance and physiology of M. siculus reliant on N2 fixation or with access to NO3-. Methods: A factorial experiment imposed treatments of water level (drained or waterlogged), rhizobia (nil or inoculated) and mineral N supply (nil or 11 mm NO3-) for 21 d on plants in pots of vermiculite in a glasshouse...
January 17, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336716/reactive-oxygen-species-nitric-oxide-production-and-antioxidant-gene-expression-during-development-of-aerenchyma-formation-in-wheat
#5
Aakanksha Wany, Kapuganti Jagadis Gupta
In response to hypoxia, plant roots produce very high levels of nitric oxide. Recently, it was demonstrated that NO and ethylene both are essential for development of aerenchyma in wheat roots under hypoxia. Increased NO under hypoxia correlated with induction of NADPH oxidase gene expression, ROS production and lipid peroxidation in cortical cells. Tyrosine nitration was prominent in cells developing aerenchyma suggesting that NO and ROS play a key role in development of aerenchyma. However, the role of antioxidant genes during development of aerenchyma is not known, therefore, we checked gene expression of various antioxidants such as SOD1, AOX1A, APX and MnSOD at different time points after hypoxia treatment and found that expression of these genes elevated in 2 h but downregulated in 24 h where development of aerenchyma is prominent...
January 16, 2018: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336037/developmental-control-of-hypoxia-during-bud-burst-in-grapevine
#6
Karlia Meitha, Patricia Agudelo-Romero, Santiago Signorelli, Daniel J Gibbs, John A Considine, Christine H Foyer, Michael J Considine
Dormant or quiescent buds of woody perennials are often dense, and in the case of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) have a low tissue oxygen status. The precise timing of the decision to resume growth is difficult to predict, but once committed the increase in tissue oxygen status is rapid and developmentally regulated. Here we show that more than a third of the grapevine homologues of widely conserved hypoxia-responsive genes, and nearly a fifth of all grapevine genes possessing a plant hypoxia-responsive promoter element were differentially regulated during bud burst, in apparent harmony with resumption of meristem identity and cell-cycle gene regulation...
January 15, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329032/targeting-expression-of-adenosine-receptors-during-hypoxia-induced-angiogenesis-a-study-using-zebrafish-model
#7
Navina Panneerselvan, Malathi Ragunathan
Hypoxia is known to be a major player during pathological angiogenesis and adenosine as a negative feedback signaling to maintain oxygen delivery in pathological ischemic condition. We mimicked hypoxic condition and studied angiogenesis by inducing adenosine receptors using forskolin, a plant compound and NECA analogue of adenosine using zebrafish model. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to play a key role during pathological angiogenesis and regulated by the factors HIF1a under hypoxic condition and recently Notch is proposed to play a negative feedback loop mechanism along with VEGF signaling but the role of adenosine receptor during the process is not known...
January 9, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301054/the-ability-to-regulate-voltage-gated-k-permeable-channels-in-the-mature-root-epidermis-is-essential-for-waterlogging-tolerance-in-barley
#8
Muhammad Bilal Gill, Fanrong Zeng, Lana Shabala, Jennifer Böhm, Guoping Zhang, Meixue Zhou, Sergey Shabala
Oxygen depletion under waterlogged conditions results in a compromised operation of H+-ATPase, with strong implications for membrane potential maintenance, cytosolic pH homeostasis, and transport of all nutrients across membranes. The above effects, however, are highly tissue specific and time dependent, and the causal link between hypoxia-induced changes to the cell's ionome and plant adaptive responses to hypoxia is not well established. This work aimed to fill this gap and investigate the effects of oxygen deprivation on K+ signalling and homeostasis in plants, and potential roles of GORK (depolarization-activated outward-rectifying potassium) channels in adaptation to oxygen-deprived conditions in barley...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275195/nitric-oxide-mediated-integrative-alterations-in-plant-metabolism-to-confer-abiotic-stress-tolerance-no-crosstalk-with-phytohormones-and-no-mediated-post-translational-modifications-in-modulating-diverse-plant-stress
#9
REVIEW
Fareen Sami, Mohammad Faizan, Ahmad Faraz, Husna Siddiqui, Mohammad Yusuf, Shamsul Hayat
Nitric oxide (NO) is a major signaling biomolecule associated with signal transduction in plants. The beneficial role of NO in plants, exposed to several abiotic stresses shifted our understanding as it being not only free radical, released from the toxic byproducts of oxidative metabolism but also helps in plant sustenance. An explosion of research in plant NO biology during the last two decades has revealed that NO is a key signal associated with plant growth, germination, photosynthesis, leaf senescence, pollen growth and reorientation...
December 21, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223334/expression-of-phytoglobin-affects-nitric-oxide-metabolism-and-energy-state-of-barley-plants-exposed-to-anoxia
#10
Devin W Cochrane, Jay K Shah, Kim H Hebelstrup, Abir U Igamberdiev
Class 1 plant hemoglobins (phytoglobins) are upregulated during low-oxygen stress and participate in metabolism and cell signaling via modulation of the levels of nitric oxide (NO). We studied the effects of overexpression and knockdown of the class 1 phytoglobin gene in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) under low-oxygen stress. The overexpression of phytoglobin reduced the amount of NO released, while knockdown significantly stimulated NO emission. It has previously been shown that NO inhibits aconitase activity, so decreased aconitase activity in knockdown plants acts as a biomarker for high internal NO levels...
December 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218074/autophagy-in-endometriosis
#11
REVIEW
Hui-Li Yang, Jie Mei, Kai-Kai Chang, Wen-Jie Zhou, Li-Qing Huang, Ming-Qing Li
Endometriosis (EMS) is a common gynecologic disease that causes chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and infertility in women. The doctrine of menstruation back flow planting and defects in the immune system are well known and widely accepted. In recent years, increasing studies have been focused on the role of autophagy in EMS, and have shown that autophagy plays a vital role in EMS. Autophagy, which is known as the non-apoptotic form of programmed cell death induced by a large number of intracellular/extracellular stimuli, is the major cellular pathway for the degradation of long-lived proteins and cytoplasmic organelles in eukaryotic cells...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212172/safflor-yellow-b-reduces-hypoxia-mediated-vasoconstriction-by-regulating-endothelial-micro-ribonucleic-acid-nitric-oxide-synthase-signaling
#12
Chaoyun Wang, Ying Yang, Miao Li, Xin Liu, Qiaoyun Wang, Wenyu Xin, Hongliu Sun, Qingyin Zheng
Hypoxia-induced generation of vasoconstrictors reduces cerebral blood flow (CBF) while nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) and microRNAs (miRNA) in endothelial cells (ECs) suppress vasoconstriction. Safflor yellow B (SYB), a natural plant compound, previously attenuated angiotensin II-mediated injury of ECs and maintained endothelial function. This study investigated the putative involvement of NOS and miRNAs in SYB-mediated resistance to hypoxia-induced vasoconstriction. In vivo, chronic hypoxia was induced in rats, and SYB was administered intravenously...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208171/ecological-and-biological-studies-on-five-lined-skink-trachylepis-mabuya-quinquetaeniata-inhabiting-two-different-habitats-in-egypt
#13
Mohamed A M Kadry, Hanan R H Mohamed, Mohamed Hosney
This study was carried out to study the diet type, genetic, morphometric and histological variations between two natural populations of Trachylepis quinquetaeniata inhabiting Abu-Rawash, Embaba, North Giza and Garfas-Senoures, El-Faiyum habitats. In this study, morphometric examination showed that Trachylepis quinquetaeniata is a typically ground-dwelling Skink and seems to be frequently associated with grass and below shrubs. Geographic variation in sexual size dimorphism (SSD) and head size dimorphism (HSD) with greater dimensions in Garfas-Senoures, El-Faiyum compared with Abu-Rawash, Embaba, North Giza might be correlated with spatial food availability and abundance or micro-evolutionary change or phenotypic plasticity...
November 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201033/cell-based-phenotyping-reveals-qtl-for-membrane-potential-maintenance-associated-with-hypoxia-and-salinity-stress-tolerance-in-barley
#14
Muhammad B Gill, Fanrong Zeng, Lana Shabala, Guoping Zhang, Yun Fan, Sergey Shabala, Meixue Zhou
Waterlogging and salinity are two major abiotic stresses that hamper crop production world-wide resulting in multibillion losses. Plant abiotic stress tolerance is conferred by many interrelated mechanisms. Amongst these, the cell's ability to maintain membrane potential (MP) is considered to be amongst the most crucial traits, a positive relationship between the ability of plants to maintain highly negative MP and its tolerance to both salinity and waterlogging stress. However, no attempts have been made to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) conferring this trait...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145496/insights-into-soybean-transcriptome-reconfiguration-under-hypoxic-stress-functional-regulatory-structural-and-compositional-characterization
#15
Thiago J Nakayama, Fabiana A Rodrigues, Norman Neumaier, Juliana Marcolino-Gomes, Hugo B C Molinari, Thaís R Santiago, Eduardo F Formighieri, Marcos F Basso, José R B Farias, Beatriz M Emygdio, Ana C B de Oliveira, Ângela D Campos, Aluízio Borém, Frank G Harmon, Liliane M Mertz-Henning, Alexandre L Nepomuceno
Soybean (Glycine max) is one of the major crops worldwide and flooding stress affects the production and expansion of cultivated areas. Oxygen is essential for mitochondrial aerobic respiration to supply the energy demand of plant cells. Because oxygen diffusion in water is 10,000 times lower than in air, partial (hypoxic) or total (anoxic) oxygen deficiency is important component of flooding. Even when oxygen is externally available, oxygen deficiency frequently occurs in bulky, dense or metabolically active tissues such as phloem, meristems, seeds, and fruits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133150/structure-and-function-of-per-arnt-sim-domains-and-their-possible-role-in-the-life-cycle-biology-of-trypanosoma-cruzi
#16
REVIEW
Maura Rojas-Pirela, Daniel J Rigden, Paul A Michels, Ana J Cáceres, Juan Luis Concepción, Wilfredo Quiñones
Per-ARNT-Sim (PAS) domains of proteins play important roles as modules for signalling and cellular regulation processes in widely diverse organisms such as Archaea, Bacteria, protists, plants, yeasts, insects and vertebrates. These domains are present in many proteins where they are used as sensors of stimuli and modules for protein interactions. Characteristically, they can bind a broad spectrum of molecules. Such binding causes the domain to trigger a specific cellular response or to make the protein containing the domain susceptible to responding to additional physical or chemical signals...
November 10, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110726/coix-lacryma-jobi-var-ma-yuen-stapf-sprout-extract-has-anti-metastatic-activity-in-colon-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#17
Eun Suk Son, Young Ock Kim, Chun Geon Park, Kyung Hun Park, Sung Hwan Jeong, Jeong-Woong Park, Se-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Coix lacryma-jobi var. ma-yuen (Rom.Caill.) Stapf has been used in China as an herbal medicine. Many studies of this plant have reported anti-proliferative and apoptotic activities on human cancer cell lines. Therefore, this study of the anti-metastatic effect of Coix lacryma-jobi var. ma-yuen Stapf sprout extract (CLSE) in colorectal cancer cells may provide a scientific basis for exploring anti-cancer effects of edible crops. METHODS: To evaluate the effect of CLSE on cell proliferation and signaling, we performed a Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay in HCT116 cells and used western blot analysis...
November 6, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093768/draft-genome-sequence-of-marinobacterium-rhizophilum-cl-yj9-t-dsm-18822-t-isolated-from-the-rhizosphere-of-the-coastal-tidal-flat-plant-suaeda-japonica
#18
Dong Han Choi, Gwang Ii Jang, Alla Lapidus, Alex Copeland, T B K Reddy, Supratim Mukherjee, Marcel Huntemann, Neha Varghese, Natalia Ivanova, Manoj Pillay, Brian J Tindall, Markus Göker, Tanja Woyke, Hans-Peter Klenk, Nikos C Kyrpides, Byung Cheol Cho
The genus Marinobacterium belongs to the family Alteromonadaceae within the class Gammaproteobacteria and was reported in 1997. Currently the genus Marinobacterium contains 16 species. Marinobacterium rhizophilum CL-YJ9(T) was isolated from sediment associated with the roots of a plant growing in a tidal flat of Youngjong Island, Korea. The genome of the strain CL-YJ9(T) was sequenced through the Genomic Encyclopedia of Type Strains, Phase I: KMG project. Here we report the main features of the draft genome of the strain...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046352/the-lignan-manassantin-is-a-potent-and-specific-inhibitor-of-mitochondrial-complex-i-and-bioenergetic-activity-in-mammals
#19
Yibao Ma, Hae-Ki Min, Unsong Oh, Adam M Hawkridge, Wei Wang, Ahmed A Mohsin, Qun Chen, Arun Sanyal, Edward J Lesnefsky, Xianjun Fang
Dineolignans manassantin A and B from the plant Saururus cernuus are used in traditional medicine to manage a wide range of ailments such as edema, jaundice, and gonorrhea. Cell-based studies have identified several molecular target candidates of manassantin including NF-kappaB, MAPK, STAT3 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1alpha). It is unclear whether or how these structurally diverse proteins or pathways mediate any of the medical benefits of manassantin in vivo. Moreover, it has been recently reported that manassantin causes developmental arrest in zebrafish by inhibiting the mitochondrial complex I, but it is unknown whether manassantin inhibits mitochondrial respiration in intact mammalian cells and live animals...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033957/reacquisition-of-new-meristematic-sites-determines-the-development-of-a-new-organ-the-cecidomyiidae-gall-on-copaifera-langsdorffii-desf-fabaceae
#20
Renê G S Carneiro, Rosy M S Isaias, Ana S F P Moreira, Denis C Oliveira
The development of gall shapes has been attributed to the feeding behavior of the galling insects and how the host tissues react to galling stimuli, which ultimately culminate in a variable set of structural responses. A superhost of galling herbivores, Copaifera langsdorffii, hosts a bizarre "horn-shaped" leaflet gall morphotype induced by an unidentified species of Diptera: Cecidomyiidae. By studying the development of this gall morphotype under the anatomical and physiological perspectives, we demonstrate the symptoms of the Cecidomyiidae manipulation over plant tissues, toward the cell redifferentiation and tissue neoformation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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