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plant hypoxia

Chanyarat Paungfoo-Lonhienne, Thierry G A Lonhienne, Yun Kit Yeoh, Bogdan C Donose, Richard I Webb, Jeremy Parsons, Webber Liao, Evgeny Sagulenko, Prakash Lakshmanan, Philip Hugenholtz, Susanne Schmidt, Mark A Ragan
Bacterial species in the plant-beneficial-environmental clade of Burkholderia represent a substantial component of rhizosphere microbes in many plant species. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of the interaction, we combined functional studies with high-resolution dual transcriptome analysis of sugarcane and root-associated diazotrophic Burkholderia strain Q208. We show that Burkholderia Q208 forms a biofilm at the root surface and suppresses the virulence factors that typically trigger immune response in plants...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xinying Wu, Ye Gu, Lun Li
Qing Ye Dan (QYD) is the whole plant of Swertia mileensis and used in Chinese folk medicine for the treatment of prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and so on. This study was to investigate the effects of QYD and its main component swertiamarin on BPH induced by testosterone in rats. The prostatic expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (βFGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected by immunohistochemistry assay...
November 17, 2016: Toxicology Letters
Albrecht G von Arnim, Hanjo A Hellmann
This meeting report highlights key trends that emerged from a conference entitled Post-Transcriptional Gene Regulation in Plants, which was held 14-15 July 2016, as a satellite meeting of the annual meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists in Austin, Texas. The molecular biology of RNA is emerging as an integral part of the framework for plants' responses to environmental challenges such as drought and heat, hypoxia, nutrient deprivation, light and pathogens. Moreover, the conference illustrated how a multitude of customized and pioneering omics-related technologies are being applied, more and more often in combination, to describe and dissect the complexities of gene expression at the post-transcriptional level...
December 2016: Plant, Cell & Environment
Bingquan Chu, Chun Chen, Jiaojie Li, Xiaojian Chen, Yunhong Li, Weimin Tang, Lu Jin, Ying Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tibetan turnip (Brassica rapa L.), widely distributed in Tibet region, is an edible and medical plant with effects of "tonic and anti-hypoxia" "heat-clearing and detoxification" and "alleviating fatigue" according to traditional Tibetan medical books. AIM OF THE STUDY: This research systematically studied the effects of Tibetan turnip on promoting hypoxia-tolerance in humans and the mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 7-day, self-control and single-blind human feeding trial was conducted among 27 healthy subjects with 8 males and 10 females in feeding group fed with 7...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Margaret E Katz, Katharyn S Braunberger, Joan M Kelly
Apoptosis is a form of programmed cell death (PCD) that occurs during animal development and is also triggered by a variety of signals including nutrient or oxidative stress, hypoxia, DNA damage, viral infection and oncogenic transformation. Though apoptotic-like PCD also occurs in plants and fungi, genes encoding several of the key players in mammalian apoptosis (p53 and BH-domain proteins) have not been identified in these kingdoms. In this report we investigated whether HxkC, a mitochondrial hexokinase-like protein, and XprG, a putative p53-like transcription factor similar to Ndt80, play a role in programmed cell death in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans...
December 2016: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
Antoine Gravot, Gautier Richard, Tanguy Lime, Séverine Lemarié, Mélanie Jubault, Christine Lariagon, Jocelyne Lemoine, Jorge Vicente, Alexandre Robert-Seilaniantz, Michael J Holdsworth, Maria J Manzanares-Dauleux
BACKGROUND: The induction of alcohol fermentation in roots is a plant adaptive response to flooding stress and oxygen deprivation. Available transcriptomic data suggest that fermentation-related genes are also frequently induced in roots infected with gall forming pathogens, but the biological significance of this induction is unclear. In this study, we addressed the role of hypoxia responses in Arabidopsis roots during infection by the clubroot agent Plasmodiophora brassicae. RESULTS: The hypoxia-related gene markers PYRUVATE DECARBOXYLASE 1 (PDC1), PYRUVATE DECARBOXYLASE 2 (PDC2) and ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE 1 (ADH1) were induced during secondary infection by two isolates of P...
November 11, 2016: BMC Plant Biology
Jianfang Li, Yuchen Yang, Shuhuan Yang, Zhang Zhang, Sufang Chen, Cairong Zhong, Renchao Zhou, Suhua Shi
Mangroves are a group of unique plants anchoring in and well adapting to the extreme intertidal environment with high salinity, hypoxia and high temperature and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Sonneratia caseolaris is a major mangrove tree widely distributed across the West-Indo Pacific region, however the genetic mechanisms of its adaptive evolution are still unclear. In the present study, we performed comparative transcriptome analyses between S. caseolaris and its two non-mangrove relatives, Trapa bispinosa and Duabanga grandiflora, to better understand the evolutionary adaptation of S...
October 31, 2016: Marine Genomics
Supawadee Parhira, Guo-Yuan Zhu, Ming Chen, Li-Ping Bai, Zhi-Hong Jiang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand (Apocynaceae) is a medicinal plant native to southern China, India and Southeast Asia. It has been traditionally used for the treatment of several diseases including cancers in these countries. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to isolate bioactive cardenolides from C. gigantea, to screen their hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-) 1 inhibitory activity, and to analyze the structure-activity relationship (SAR)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Dimitrios Fanourakis, Dimitrios Bouranis, Habtamu Giday, Dália R A Carvalho, Abdolhossein Rezaei Nejad, Carl-Otto Ottosen
Plants grown at high relative air humidity (RH≥85%) are prone to lethal wilting upon transfer to conditions of high evaporative demand. The reduced survival of these plants is related to (i) increased cuticular permeability, (ii) changed anatomical features (i.e., longer pore length and higher stomatal density), (iii) reduced rehydration ability, (iv) impaired water potential sensitivity to leaf dehydration and, most importantly, (v) compromised stomatal closing ability. This review presents a critical analysis of the strategies which stimulate stomatal functioning during plant development at high RH...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
Jung Min Kim, In-Hu Hwang, Ik-Soon Jang, Min Kim, In Seok Bang, Soo Jung Park, Yun-Jo Chung, Jong-Cheon Joo, Min-Goo Lee
Houttuynia cordata Thunb (H cordata), a medicinal plant, has anticancer activity, as it inhibits cell growth and induces cell apoptosis in cancer. However, the potential anti-cancer activity and mechanism of H cordata for human liver cancer cells is not well understood. Recently, we identified hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1A, Forkhead box (FOX)O3, and MEF2A as proapoptotic factors induced by H cordata, suggesting that HIF-1A, FOXO3, and MEF2A contribute to the apoptosis of HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Hadi Ansarihadipour, Mohamadreza Bayatiani
BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic fields (EMF) are associated with oxidative stress, which is in turn associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS), anemia, and hypoxia. OBJECTIVES: This study focused on the synergistic effects of lead ions and EMF on oxidative modifications in hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma proteins. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, the blood samples were obtained from age- and sex-matched healthy subjects at Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Zaigham Shahzad, Matthieu Canut, Colette Tournaire-Roux, Alexandre Martinière, Yann Boursiac, Olivier Loudet, Christophe Maurel
Aerobic organisms survive low oxygen (O2) through activation of diverse molecular, metabolic, and physiological responses. In most plants, root water permeability (in other words, hydraulic conductivity, Lpr) is downregulated under O2 deficiency. Here, we used a quantitative genetics approach in Arabidopsis to clone Hydraulic Conductivity of Root 1 (HCR1), a Raf-like MAPKKK that negatively controls Lpr. HCR1 accumulates and is functional under combined O2 limitation and potassium (K(+)) sufficiency. HCR1 regulates Lpr and hypoxia responsive genes, through the control of RAP2...
September 22, 2016: Cell
Walailak Tatsanakanjanakorn, Surapol Suetrong
Introduction. Foreign body aspiration is an emergency condition and may be fatal. Delayed diagnosis and treatment may be associated with complications. This study evaluated the association between time until treatment and complications due to foreign body aspiration. Methods. This study was a retrospective study conducted at Khon Kaen University Hospital, Thailand. We enrolled patients diagnosed with foreign body aspiration with evidence of foreign body detected using direct laryngobronchoscopy at any area from the larynx to the bronchus...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Lixia Chen, Guiyang Xia, Feng Qiu, Chunli Wu, Andria P Denmon, Xiaolin Zi
We have purified physapubescin, a predominant steroidal lactone, from medicinal plant Physalis pubescens L., commonly named as "hairy groundcherry" in English and "Deng-Long-Cao" in Chinese. Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL)-null 786-O, RCC4 and A498 Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) cell lines expressing high levels of Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF)-2α are more sensitive to physapubescin-mediated apoptosis and growth inhibitory effect than VHL wild-type Caki-2 and ACHN RCC cell lines. Restoration of VHL in RCC4 cells attenuated the growth inhibitory effect of physapubescin...
2016: Scientific Reports
Cheng-Cheng Wang, Jia-Rui Yuan, Chun-Fei Wang, Nan Yang, Juan Chen, Dan Liu, Jie Song, Liang Feng, Xiao-Bin Tan, Xiao-Bin Jia
BACKGROUND: Phyllanthus emblica L (PEL), a well-known medical plant, has been used in Asian countries for a long time. Increasing evidence suggests that it can prevent the tumorigenesis of cancer associated with nonresolving inflammation. However, the possible anti-inflammatory mechanism responsible for preventing tumorigenesis of precancerous lung lesions is not well elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male A/J mice were randomly divided into 5 groups with 10 mice in each group: (1) blank group (saline), (2) benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] group, (3) and (4) B(a)P + PEL (5 g/kg/d, 10 g/kg/d, administered by gavage), (5) B(a)P + celecoxib (30 mg/kg/d, administered by gavage)...
August 24, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Yogeswaran Lokanathan, Norazzila Omar, Nur Nabilah Ahmad Puzi, Aminuddin Saim, Ruszymah Hj Idrus
Centella asiatica, locally well known in Malaysia as pegaga, is a traditional herb that has been used widely in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, and in the traditional medicine of other Southeast Asian countries including Malaysia. Although consumption of the plant is indicated for various illnesses, its potential neuroprotective properties have been well studied and documented. In addition to past studies, recent studies also discovered and/or reconfirmed that C. asiatica acts as an antioxidant, reducing the effect of oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo...
January 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Renyi Peng, Zhiyuan Bian, Lina Zhou, Wei Cheng, Na Hai, Changquan Yang, Tao Yang, Xinyu Wang, Chongying Wang
Our data present H 2 S in a new role, serving as a multi-faceted transducer to different response mechanisms during NO-induced acquisition of tolerance to flooding-induced hypoxia in maize seedling roots. Nitric oxide (NO), serving as a secondary messenger, modulates physiological processes in plants. Recently, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been demonstrated to have similar signaling functions. This study focused on the effects of treatment with H2S on NO-induced hypoxia tolerance in maize seedlings. The results showed that treatment with the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) enhanced survival rate of submerged maize roots through induced accumulation of endogenous H2S...
November 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Zengyong Qiao, Ya-Wei Xu, Jingyu Yang
Eupatilin, a pharmacologically active flavone derived from the Artemisia plant species, has been reported to have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and neuroprotective activities against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). However, the role of eupatilin in myocardial I/R injury remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the potential molecular mechanisms against hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) induced cardiomyocytes apoptosis in vitro. Our results showed that eupatilin markedly improved the cell viability and decreased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Juan Ma, Jing Li, Ke Si Wang, Chunliu Mi, Lian Xun Piao, Guang Hua Xu, Xuezheng Li, Jung Joon Lee, Xuejun Jin
Perillyl alcohol (POH) is a dietary monoterpene present in a variety of plants with a pure or mixed form, and it is one of the very few natural substances with anticancer activity. However, the mechanism by which POH unleashes its anticancer activity in tumor cells remains unclear. We here demonstrated the effect of POH on hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) activation. POH showed the potent inhibitory activity against HIF-1 activation induced by hypoxia in various human cancer cell lines and efficient scavenging activity of cellular Reactive oxygen species (ROS) by hypoxia in tumor cells...
October 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Takatoshi Nakamura, Motoka Nakamura
Oxygen use in roots is an important aspect of wetland plant ecophysiology, and it depends on the respiratory costs of three major processes: ion uptake, root growth, and root maintenance. However, O2 allocation in wetland plants has received little attention. This study aimed to determine the O2 allocation and specific respiratory cost of each process under hypoxic conditions, to better understand the strategy and efficiency of O2 use in wetland plants. The root respiration rate, nitrogen uptake, and root growth in three Carex species with different growth rates were examined under hypoxic conditions using different N sources, and the respiratory costs of ion uptake, root growth, and root maintenance were statistically estimated...
November 2016: Oecologia
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