keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brace

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644038/calcific-tendonitis-of-the-quadriceps-tendon
#1
S A Webb, M A Hopper, J Chitnavis
A 61-year-old woman presented with chronic anterior pain and stiffness in the distal left thigh. Examination revealed swelling and tenderness immediately proximal to the patella. Radiographs showed opacities in the distal anterior thigh whilst MRI identified enlargement of the distal quadriceps tendon with splayed fibres separated by solid conglomerates. Dystrophic calcification of the quadriceps tendon was diagnosed. Blood tests revealed no systemic abnormalities in calcium handling. Arthroscopy of the left knee identified calcific deposits in the supra-patella pouch with surrounding synovitis...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629967/abdominal-bracing-for-minimizing-excessive-pelvic-motion-during-running
#2
Heather K Vincent, Kevin R Vincent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628695/medical-textiles-in-orthopedics-an-overview
#3
REVIEW
Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Manish Tiwari, Abhishek Vaish, Vipul Vijay, Yash Nigam
The use of textile in the medical field is not new; this has given rise to a new branch known as medical textiles. These are being used to repair or replace various other musculoskeletal tissues. The most common uses of biomaterials are to create aseptic conditions for protection, general health care, and hygiene including bedding and clothing, surgical gowns, face masks, head and shoe covers, sterilization wraps, suture anchors, fiber cast and braces/orthotics. These are also used as materials for preparation of wipes, swabs, wound dressings, bandages, gauzes, plasters, pressure garments, orthopedic belts and for new applications, such as heart valves, vascular grafts, artificial veins, artificial ligaments, artificial joints, artificial skin, and artificial cartilage...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628010/initial-electromyography-fails-to-predict-long-term-outcome-of-isolated-serratus-palsy
#4
M Vastamäki, H Vastamäki, V Pikkarainen, L Ristolainen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The course of isolated serratus palsy is difficult to predict, especially if, in initial electromyographic examination, long thoracic nerve function is totally absent. How initial electromyography correlates with long-term outcome of isolated serratus palsy is unknown. We evaluated initial electromyographic examinations of isolated serratus palsy patients and compared these to their long-term outcome. We hypothesized that long-term outcome after electromyographic examination-verified partial nerve injuries is better than that seen in cases of total nerve injuries...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622666/behavioral-and-physiological-adaptations-to-high-flow-velocities-in-southwestern-native-chubs-gila-spp
#5
Clinton J Moran, Shannon P Gerry, Matthew W O'Neill, Caroline L Rzucidlo, Alice C Gibb
Morphological streamlining is often associated with physiological advantages for steady swimming in fishes. Though most commonly studied in pelagic fishes streamlining also occurs in fishes that occupy high flow environments. Before the installation of dams and water diversions, bonytail (Cyprinidae, Gila elegans ), a fish endemic to the Colorado River (USA), regularly experienced massive, seasonal flooding events. Individuals of G. elegans display morphological characteristics that may facilitate swimming in high-flow conditions, including a narrow caudal peduncle and a high aspect-ratio caudal fin...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610465/a-general-strategy-for-synthesis-of-cyclophane-braced-peptide-macrocycles-via-palladium-catalysed-intramolecular-sp-3-c-h-arylation
#6
Xuekai Zhang, Gang Lu, Meng Sun, Madhu Mahankali, Yanfei Ma, Mingming Zhang, Wangde Hua, Yuting Hu, Qingbing Wang, Jinghuo Chen, Gang He, Xiangbing Qi, Weijun Shen, Peng Liu, Gong Chen
New methods capable of effecting cyclization, and forming novel three-dimensional structures while maintaining favourable physicochemical properties are needed to facilitate the development of cyclic peptide-based drugs that can engage challenging biological targets, such as protein-protein interactions. Here, we report a highly efficient and generally applicable strategy for constructing new types of peptide macrocycles using palladium-catalysed intramolecular C(sp3 )-H arylation reactions. Easily accessible linear peptide precursors of simple and versatile design can be selectively cyclized at the side chains of either aromatic or modified non-aromatic amino acid units to form various cyclophane-braced peptide cycles...
April 2, 2018: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608447/is-routine-bracing-of-benefit-following-posterior-instrumented-lumbar-fusion-for-degenerative-indications
#7
Michael J Elsenbeck, Scott C Wagner, Andrew H Milby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607736/muscle-activation-and-local-muscular-fatigue-during-a-12-minute-rotational-bridge
#8
Sally D Lark, James A Dickie, James A Faulkner, Matthew J Barnes
Due to anecdotal reports of back pain during a 12-minute rotational bridge test by uniformed services, the level of fatigue leading to possible back pain and or injury was investigated. We hypothesised a high level of fatigue due to diminishing core muscle activation. Nineteen highly trained uniformed service members were measured by surface electromyography of the rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, lumbar erector spinae, thoracic erector spinae and latissimus dorsi. Average rectified electromyography amplitude (AEMG) and median power frequency were analysed to determine activation and fatigue...
April 2, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604509/the-role-of-the-size-and-location-of-the-tumors-and-of-the-vertebral-anatomy-in-determining-the-structural-stability-of-the-metastatically-involved-spine-a-finite-element-study
#9
Fabio Galbusera, Zhihui Qian, Gloria Casaroli, Tito Bassani, Francesco Costa, Benedikt Schlager, Hans-Joachim Wilke
Vertebral fractures associated with the loss of structural integrity of neoplastic vertebrae are common, and determined to the deterioration of the bone quality in the lesion area. The prediction of the fracture risk in metastatically involved spines can guide in deciding if preventive solutions, such as medical prophylaxis, bracing, or surgery are indicated for the patient. In this study, finite element models of 22 thoracolumbar vertebrae were built based on CT scans of three spines, covering a wide spectrum of possible clinical scenarios in terms of age, bone quality and degenerative features, taking into account the local material properties of bone tissue...
March 28, 2018: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604261/afterload-promotes-maturation-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes-in-engineered-heart-tissues
#10
Andrea Leonard, Alessandro Bertero, Joseph D Powers, Kevin M Beussman, Shiv Bhandari, Michael Regnier, Charles E Murry, Nathan J Sniadecki
Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CM) grown in engineered heart tissue (EHT) can be used for drug screening, disease modeling, and heart repair. However, the immaturity of hiPSC-CMs currently limits their use. Because mechanical loading increases during development and facilitates cardiac maturation, we hypothesized that afterload would promote maturation of EHTs. To test this we developed a system in which EHTs are suspended between a rigid post and a flexible one, whose resistance to contraction can be modulated by applying braces of varying length...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603691/aligners-the-invisible-corrector-a-boon-or-bane
#11
Lodd Mahendra
The trend of clinical orthodontics has shown a palpable shift from conventional braces to innovative technologies like invisible aligners. Aligners are sequences of clear trays worn by patients to straighten their teeth. They were envisaged for the main purpose of esthetics, mainly directed toward self-conscious teenagers who otherwise would shy away from essential correction of malocclusion.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602918/the-evaluation-of-teeth-loosening-of-the-upper-jaw-in-adaptive-period-of-orthodontic-treatment-by-braces
#12
Andrey V Dovzhenko, Vera D Kuroedova, Lyudmila B Halych
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Tooth loosening is divided into physiological and pathological one, but there is tooth loosening that occurs during orthodontic treatment (OT) and depends on the tissues of parodontium and strength of orthodontic apparatus. The aim of the research is to evaluate teeth loosening of the upper jaw during adaptive period in patients with permanent bite who were treated by braces. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Periostometry (device «Periotest») of teeth to 30 patients who are from 14 to 27 years old with the pathology of the first type based Angle's classification...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593820/prophylaxis-of-medial-compartment-gonarthrosis-in-varus-knee-current-state-of-knowledge
#13
Anna Fryzowicz, Lechosław B Dworak, Paweł Koczewski
The progression of gonarthrosis results in reduction of physical activity. One of the factors that increase the risk of osteoarthrosis may be joint overload related to the malalignment of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity. The medial compartment (MC) of the knee is particularly susceptible to overload due to the external knee adduction moment (EKAM). Varus knee malalignment contributes to increased EKAM and thus results in increased MC loading. The purpose of this study is to present methods described in current literature aimed at reducing the disproportion in the distribution of loads on articular surfaces of medial and lateral knee compartments in people with varus knee malalignment...
March 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589494/intercalary-reconstruction-of-the-femur-after-tumour-resection
#14
D A Campanacci, F Totti, S Puccini, G Beltrami, G Scoccianti, L Delcroix, M Innocenti, R Capanna
Aims After intercalary resection of a bone tumour from the femur, reconstruction with a vascularized fibular graft (VFG) and massive allograft is considered a reliable method of treatment. However, little is known about the long-term outcome of this procedure. The aims of this study were to determine whether the morbidity of this procedure was comparable to that of other reconstructive techniques, if it was possible to achieve a satisfactory functional result, and whether biological reconstruction with a VFG and massive allograft could achieve a durable, long-lasting reconstruction...
March 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587785/trigger-wrist-caused-by-avascular-necrosis-of-the-capitate-a-case-report
#15
Yuichiro Matsui, Daisuke Kawamura, Hiroaki Kida, Kanako C Hatanaka, Norimasa Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: Trigger wrist is a rare condition first described by Marti in 1960, and various causes have been reported. The condition mostly occurs with finger flexion and extension, and rarely with flexion and extension of the wrist itself. Avascular necrosis of the capitate is also a rare condition, first described by Jönsson in 1942. While some reports of this condition have been published, little is known about its etiology. Therefore, no established treatment exists. We report a case of trigger wrist caused by avascular necrosis of the capitate...
March 27, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587617/retinoic-acid-pathway-regulation-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-ovine-amnion
#16
Cecilia Y Cheung, Debra F Anderson, Marion Rouzaire, Loïc Blanchon, Vincent Sapin, Robert A Brace
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been proposed as an important regulator of amniotic fluid absorption across the amnion into the fetal vasculature on the surface of the placenta. However, the activators of VEGF expression and action in the amnion have not been identified. Using the pregnant sheep model, we aimed to investigate the presence of the retinoic acid (RA) pathway in ovine amnion and to determine its effect on VEGF expression. Further, we explored relationships between RA receptors and VEGF and tested the hypothesis that RA modulates intramembranous absorption (IMA) through induction of amnion VEGF in sheep fetuses subjected to altered IMA rates...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584643/antibacterial-activity-of-orthodontic-cement-containing-quaternary-ammonium-polyethylenimine-nanoparticles-adjacent-to-orthodontic-brackets
#17
Eldad Sharon, Revital Sharabi, Adi Eden, Asher Zabrovsky, Gilad Ben-Gal, Esi Sharon, Yoav Pietrokovski, Yael Houri-Haddad, Nurit Beyth
Enamel demineralization is a common problem found in patients using orthodontic devices, such as orthodontic braces. It was found that Streptoccocus mutans growth increases adjacent to orthodontic devices, which may result in caries development. Incorporated antibacterial quaternary ammonium polyethylenimine (QPEI) nanoparticles were previously shown to be highly efficacious against various bacteria. Combining antibacterial materials in orthodontic cement may be advantageous to prevent bacterial outgrowth adjacent to orthodontic brackets...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584491/active-muscle-response-contributes-to-increased-injury-risk-of-lower-extremity-in-occupant-knee-airbag-interaction
#18
Bingbing Nie, Deepak Sathyanarayan, Xin Ye, Jeff R Crandall, Matthew B Panzer
OBJECTIVE: Recent field data analysis has demonstrated that knee airbags (KABs) can reduce occupant femur and pelvis injuries but may be insufficient to decrease leg injuries in motor vehicle crashes. An enhanced understanding of the associated injury mechanisms requires accurate assessment of physiological-based occupant parameters, some of which are difficult or impossible to obtain from experiments. This study sought to explore how active muscle response can influence the injury risk of lower extremities during KAB deployment using computational biomechanical analysis...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584447/inspiratory-muscle-rehabilitation-in-critically-ill-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Stefannie Vorona, Umberto Sabatini, Sulaiman Al-Maqbali, Michele Bertoni, Martin Dres, Bernie Bissett, Frank Van Haren, A Daniel Martin, Cristian Urrea, Debbie Brace, Matteo Parotto, Margaret S Herridge, Neill Kj Adhikari, Eddy Fan, Luana T Melo, W Darlene Reid, Laurent J Brochard, Niall D Ferguson, Ewan C Goligher
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle weakness is common in critically ill patients; the role of targeted inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in ICU rehabilitation strategies remains poorly defined. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to describe the range and tolerability of published methods for IMT. The secondary objectives were to determine whether IMT improves respiratory muscle strength and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a systematic review to identify randomized and non-randomized studies of physical rehabilitation interventions intended to strengthen the respiratory muscles in critically ill adults...
March 27, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582805/brace-up-or-burnout
#20
EDITORIAL
Santosh G Honavar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
65064
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"