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Qinglian Liu, Elizabeth A Craig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2016: Nature
Wafa Skalli, Claudio Vergari, Eric Ebermeyer, Isabelle Courtois, Xavier Drevelle, Remi Kohler, Kariman Abelin-Genevois, Jean Dubousset
STUDY DESIGN: Early detection of progressive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) was assessed based on 3D quantification of the deformity. OBJECTIVE: Based on 3D quantitative description of scoliosis curves, the aim is to assess a specific phenotype that could be an early detectable severity index for progressive AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Early detection of progressive scoliosis is important for adapted treatment to limit progression...
October 24, 2016: Spine
Declan T Millett, Anne-Marie Glenny, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Nicky A Mandall
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. It has been shown that the quality of treatment result obtained with fixed appliances is much better than with removable appliances. Fixed appliances are, therefore, favoured by most orthodontists for treatment. The success of a fixed orthodontic appliance depends on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being attached securely to the teeth so that they do not become loose during treatment...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A Achtnich, S Rosslenbroich, K Beitzel, A B Imhoff, W Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Arthroscopic assisted suture anchor refixation combined with microfracturing of the femoral ACL insertion zone in cases of acute proximal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture to restore anatomical and biomechanical properties of the native ACL. INDICATIONS: Acute proximal ACL rupture/avulsion, multiligament injury of the knee CONTRAINDICATIONS: Chronic (>6 weeks) proximal ACL rupture, intraligamentary rupture, as well as previous ACL surgery. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Arthroscopic examination of the knee joint, debridement of the femoral insertion zone, examination of the ligament quality by a probe, insertion of a curved lasso through the ACL to place the sutures and use of a drill guide to place the anchor in the middle of the femoral ACL insertion...
October 21, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Emily Meike, S M Howell, M L Hull
PURPOSE: After reconstructing a torn ACL with a soft tissue allograft, the long-term healing process of graft maturation following the short-term healing process of graft incorporation into the bone tunnels might lead to recurring instability and concomitant decreases in the activity level, function, and patient satisfaction. Relying on roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA), the primary purpose was to determine whether anterior laxity increased and whether patient-reported outcomes declined between 1 and 7 years for a particular graft construct, surgical technique, and rehabilitation programme...
October 20, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Monika Machoy, Julia Seeliger, Mariusz Lipski, Anna Wójcicka, Tomasz Gedrange, Krzysztof Woźniak
Braces as foreign bodies in the mouth carry a risk of side effects and toxicity to the human body. This article presents the results indicating the possible toxic effects of tools used for cleaning the enamel after the completion of orthodontic treatment. The studies were carried out in vitro. The procedure of enamel etching, bonding orthodontic metal brackets, and enamel cleaning after their removal was performed under laboratory conditions. The enamel microstructure and elements present on its surface were evaluated using the scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
2016: BioMed Research International
Wataru Miyamoto, Shinji Imade, Ken Innami, Hirotaka Kawano, Masato Takao
BACKGROUND: Although early accelerated rehabilitation is recommended for the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture, most traditional rehabilitation techniques require some type of brace. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 44 feet of 44 patients (25 male and 19 female) with a mean age of 31.8 years who had an acute Achilles tendon rupture related to athletic activity. Patients had been treated by a double side-locking loop suture (SLLS) technique using double antislip knots between stumps and had undergone early accelerated rehabilitation, including active and passive range of motion exercises on the day following the operation and full weight-bearing at 4 weeks...
October 10, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Toshinori Sakai, Fumitake Tezuka, Kazuta Yamashita, Yoichiro Takata, Kosaku Higashino, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To investigate recent outcomes of conservative treatment for bony healing in pediatric patients with lumbar spondylolysis (LS) and to identify the problems that need to be resolved. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several diagnostic and therapeutic techniques for LS have been developed recently, leading to better outcomes for bony healing. METHODS: Overall, 63 consecutive pediatric patients (53 boys and 10 girls) with LS (average age: 13...
October 17, 2016: Spine
Morad Chughtai, Anil Bhave, Sabahat Z Khan, Anton Khlopas, Osman Ali, Steven F Harwin, Michael A Mont
The use of a pneumatic unloader brace has been shown in pilot studies to decrease pain and increase muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Therefore, we analyzed patients who had knee OA, and either received a pneumatic unloader brace and conventional treatment or conventional treatment alone. Specifically, we assessed: (1) use of pain relieving injections; (2) opioid consumption; and (3) the eventual need for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the above-mentioned cohort. We performed an analysis of a longitudinally maintained database of patients from a prospective, randomized, single center study...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Nienke W Willigenburg, Michael P McNally, Timothy E Hewett, Stephen J Page
The authors examined the efficacy of an 8-week regimen combining repetitive task-specific practice (RTP) with a myoelectric brace (RTP+Myomo) on paretic upper extremity (UE; use in valued activities, perceived recovery, and reaching kinematics) in 12 subjects (4 men; M age = 53.5 years; mean time poststroke = 61.7 months). Seven subjects were administered RTP+Myomo therapy, and 5 were administered RTP only. Both groups participated in individualized, 45-min therapy sessions occurring 3 days/week over an 8-week period...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Terry K Morgan, Emilie Jensen, Jeong Lim, Russell Riggs
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular hyaluronic acid (HA) injection is an intermediate option between analgesics and knee joint replacement in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Our objective was to test whether image-guided HA injections may improve knee OA outcomes after 6 months of treatment independent of potential covariates. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series with multivariate outcome-based analysis of 207 consecutive adult patients with mild to severe knee OA treated at a single out-patient clinic employing fluoroscopy-guided HA injections...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Donald Nuss, Robert J Obermeyer, Robert E Kelly
Repair of pectus excavatum began at the beginning of the 20(th) century before endotracheal intubation was standard practice. Surgeons therefore developed techniques that corrected the deformity using an open procedure via the anterior chest wall. Initial techniques were unsatisfactory, but by the 1930s the partial rib resection and sternal osteotomy technique had been developed and was used in combination with external traction post-operatively to prevent the sternum from sinking back into the chest. In 1949, Ravitch recommended complete resection of the costal cartilages and complete mobilization of the sternum without external traction, and in 1961 Adkins and Blades introduced the concept of a substernal strut for sternal support...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
John A Heflin, Scott Ford, Peter Stevens
Blount's disease is commonly attributed to an intrinsic, idiopathic defect in the posteromedial proximal tibial physis resulting in progressive bowing of the leg, intoeing, and lateral knee thrust. Treatment has historically included bracing, physeal stapling, or corrective osteotomy, and was determined primarily by age at presentation. As we feel the pathology is not necessarily age dependent, we have elected to use the technique of guided growth using a lateral tension band plate to correct limb alignment as a first-line treatment in all patients presenting to our clinic as long as they had growth remaining and no evidence of a physeal bar...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eric C McCarty, Matthew J Kraeutler, Paula Langner, Shane Cook, Byron Ellis, Jenna M Godfrey
We conducted a study to identify and contrast patterns in the treatment of common injuries that occur in National Football League (NFL) players and National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football players. Orthopedic team physicians for all 32 NFL and 119 NCAA Division I football teams were asked to complete a survey regarding demographics and preferred treatment of a variety of injuries encountered in football players. Responses were received from 31 (97%) of the 32 NFL and 111 (93%) of the 119 NCAA team physicians...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
George A Carberry, Elisabetta Nocerino, Peter J Mason, Denise J Schwahn, Scott Hetzel, Alyssa M Turnquist, Fred T Lee, Christopher L Brace
Purpose To determine how close to the heart pulmonary microwave ablation can be performed without causing cardiac tissue injury or significant arrhythmia. Materials and Methods The study was performed with approval from the institutional animal care and use committee. Computed tomographic fluoroscopically guided microwave ablation of the lung was performed in 12 swine. Antennas were randomized to either parallel (180° ± 20°) or perpendicular (90° ± 20°) orientation relative to the heart surface and to distances of 0-10 mm from the heart...
October 12, 2016: Radiology
William T Wilson, Graeme P Hopper, Paul A Byrne, Gordon M MacKay
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using tendon or ligament autograft is the gold standard surgical treatment for acute ruptures; however, this is still associated with subsequent problems and variable outcomes. Renewed interest in healing of injured ACL tissue has led to new surgical repair techniques. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of one of the first patients to undergo this novel procedure of ACL repair with internal bracing. An internal brace is a bridging concept using braided suture tape and knotless bone anchors to reinforce ligament strength...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Sameer Agnihotri, Shahrzad Jalali, Mark R Wilson, Arnavaz Danesh, Mira Li, George Klironomos, Jonathan R Krieger, Alireza Mansouri, Osaama Khan, Yasin Mamatjan, Natalie Landon-Brace, Takyee Tung, Mark Dowar, Tiantian Li, Jeffrey P Bruce, Kelly E Burrell, Peter D Tonge, Amir Alamsahebpour, Boris Krischek, Pankaj Kumar Agarwalla, Wenya Linda Bi, Ian F Dunn, Rameen Beroukhim, Michael G Fehlings, Vera Bril, Stefano M Pagnotta, Antonio Iavarone, Trevor J Pugh, Kenneth D Aldape, Gelareh Zadeh
Schwannomas are common peripheral nerve sheath tumors that can cause debilitating morbidities. We performed an integrative analysis to determine genomic aberrations common to sporadic schwannomas. Exome sequence analysis with validation by targeted DNA sequencing of 125 samples uncovered, in addition to expected NF2 disruption, recurrent mutations in ARID1A, ARID1B and DDR1. RNA sequencing identified a recurrent in-frame SH3PXD2A-HTRA1 fusion in 12/125 (10%) cases, and genomic analysis demonstrated the mechanism as resulting from a balanced 19-Mb chromosomal inversion on chromosome 10q...
October 10, 2016: Nature Genetics
Rafael Ekmejian, Pooria Sarrami, Justine M Naylor, Ian A Harris
BACKGROUND: Motorcyclists are a vulnerable road-user population who are overrepresented in traffic injuries. Utilisation of back protectors may be an effective preventive measure for spine injuries in motorcyclists. Since use of back protectors is increasing it is important that clinical evidence supports their use. The study aimed to investigate the current evidence on the ability of back protectors to reduce the rate of back injuries and patient mortality in motorcycle crashes. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using various electronic databases...
October 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Sophia N Sangiorgio, Nathan C Ho, Rebecca D Morgan, Edward Ebramzadeh, Lewis E Zionts
BACKGROUND: A successful outcome for the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot is believed to require adequate adherence to brace use. Previous studies have relied on parental reporting of brace application. We used temperature sensors to determine the adherence to the bracing protocol, the accuracy of parent-reported use, and differences in adherence between patients who experienced relapse of deformity and those who did not. METHODS: Using wireless sensors attached to brace sandals, we monitored brace wear over a 3-month period in this cross-sectional study involving 48 patients in 4 age-based groups: 6 to 12 months (Group 1), >1 to 2 years (Group 2), >2 to 3 years (Group 3), and >3 to 4 years (Group 4)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Jonathan K Sinclair, Hayley Vincent, Jim D Richards
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a prophylactic knee brace on knee joint kinetics and kinematics during netball specific movements. DESIGN: Repeated measures. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty university first team level female netball players. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Participants performed three movements, run, cut and vertical jump under two conditions (brace and no-brace). 3-D knee joint kinetics and kinematics were measured using an eight-camera motion analysis system...
August 11, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
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