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Sports related concussion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937789/identifying-dyslexia-risk-in-student-athletes-a-preliminary-protocol-for-concussion-management
#1
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
Learning disability (LD) has been identified as a potential risk factor for protracted recovery from a sport-related concussion, yet students with LD are rarely included in concussion research. Here, we draw special attention to dyslexia, a common but often underdiagnosed LD. Reading and learning problems commonly associated with dyslexia are often masked by protective factors, such as high verbal ability or general intelligence. Hence, high-achieving individuals with dyslexia may not be identified as being in a high-risk category...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930492/time-trends-in-concussion-symptom-presentation-and-assessment-methods-in-high-school-athletes
#2
Dustin W Currie, Matthew J Kraeutler, John B Schrock, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Concussion rates have increased significantly over the past decade. This may reflect an increase in the knowledge and diagnosis of the symptoms of a concussion rather than a true increase in the incidence. Assessing trends in the way that concussions are presenting to and being identified by clinicians over the same period may provide additional insight into the apparent rise in concussions. PURPOSE: To evaluate patterns of change in concussion symptom presentation, diagnostic/evaluation methods, and symptom resolution time reported for United States high school athletes from the 2007-2008 through 2014-2015 academic years...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927725/sex-differences-in-sport-related-concussion-long-term-outcomes
#3
Tracey Covassin, Jennifer Savage, Abby Bretzin, Meghan Lafevor
Approximately 1.6 to 3.8 million recreational and sports-related concussions (SRC) occur each year in the Unites States. Research suggest that female athletes are at a greater risk for a SRC compared to male athletes competing in comparable sports (i.e., soccer, basketball). Moreover, female athletes have reported more total symptoms and greater neurocognitive impairments following a SRC. Female athletes have been found to report greater symptom provocation as measured by the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS), and increased brain activation compared to males...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919268/depression-and-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#4
Antoine Yrondi, David Brauge, Johanne LeMen, Christophe Arbus, Jérémie Pariente
CONTEXT: Head injuries are risk factors for chronic depressive disorders, but this association remains poorly explored with regards to concussion. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the incidence of depressive symptoms and depression after sports-related concussion. We also endeavored to identify the response elements regarding the pathophysiology of these symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed and Embase was conducted focusing on papers published until 1st December, 2016, according to PRISMA criteria The following MESH terms were used: (concussion or traumatic brain injury) and sport and (depression or depressive disorder)...
September 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916167/structural-neuroimaging-in-sport-related-concussion
#5
Erin D Bigler
Structural neuroimaging of athletes who have sustained a sports-related concussion (SRC) can be viewed as either standard clinical imaging or with advanced neuroimaging methods that quantitatively assess brain structure. Negative findings from conventional computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the norm in SRC. Nonetheless, these conventional measures remain the first line of neuroimaging of the athlete as they do detect clinically significant pathologies, when present, such as hemorrhagic abnormalities in the form of hematomas, contusions and mircobleeds along with regions of focal encephalomalacia or other signal abnormalities, with CT best capable of detecting skull fractures...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#6
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900565/comparison-of-a-head-mounted-impact-measurement-device-to-the-hybrid-iii-anthropomorphic-testing-device-in-a-controlled-laboratory-setting
#7
Eric Schussler, David Stark, John H Bolte, Yun Seok Kang, James A Onate
BACKGROUND: Reports estimate that 1.6 to 3.8 million cases of concussion occur in sports and recreation each year in the United States. Despite continued efforts to reduce the occurrence of concussion, the rate of diagnosis continues to increase. The mechanisms of concussion are thought to involve linear and rotational head accelerations and velocities. One method of quantifying the kinematics experienced during sport participation is to place measurement devices into the athlete's helmet or directly on the athlete's head...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899055/factors-associated-with-playing-through-a-sport-related-concussion
#8
Andrew W Kuhn, Scott L Zuckerman, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Zachary Y Kerr, Douglas J Totten, Kolin E Rubel, Allen K Sills, Gary S Solomon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895490/the-association-between-dual-task-gait-after-concussion-and-prolonged-symptom-duration
#9
David Robert Howell, Anna Brilliant, Brant Berkstresser, Francis Wang, Joana Fraser, William Meehan
Quantitative gait measurements can identify persistent post-concussion impairments. However, their prognostic utility after injury to identify the likelihood of prolonged concussion symptoms remains unknown. Our objective was to examine if dual-task gait performance measures are independently associated with persistent (> 28 days) concussion symptoms among a sample of athletes. Sixty individuals diagnosed with a sport-related concussion were assessed within 10 days of their injury. Each participant completed a post-concussion symptom scale, injury history questionnaire, and a single/dual-task gait examination...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890783/twitter-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-content-and-sentiment-analysis-of-tweets-pertaining-to-sport-related-brain-injury
#10
Adriana M Workewych, Madeline Ciuffetelli Muzzi, Rowan Jing, Stanley Zhang, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVES: Sport-related traumatic brain injuries are a significant public health burden, with hundreds of thousands sustained annually in North America. While sports offer numerous physical and social health benefits, traumatic brain injuries such as concussion can seriously impact a player's life, athletic career, and sport enjoyment. The culture in many sports encourages winning at all costs, placing athletes at risk for traumatic brain injuries. As social media has become a central part of everyday life, the content of users' messages often reflects the prevailing culture related to a particular event or health issue...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880237/analysis-of-baseline-computerized-neurocognitive-testing-results-among-5-11-year-old-male-and-female-children-playing-sports-in-recreational-leagues-in-florida
#11
Karen D Liller, Barbara Morris, Jessica Fillion, Yingwei Yang, Omonigho M Bubu
There is a paucity of data related to sports injuries, concussions, and computerized neurocognitive testing (CNT) among very young athletes playing sports in recreational settings. The purpose of this study was to report baseline CNT results among male and female children, ages 5-11, playing sports in Hillsborough County, Florida using ImPACT Pediatric, which is specifically designed for this population. Data were collected from 2016 to 2017. The results show that 657 baseline tests were conducted and t-tests and linear regression were used to assess mean significant differences in composite scores with sex and age...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878729/structural-functional-and-metabolic-brain-markers-differentiate-collision-versus-contact-and-non-contact-athletes
#12
Nathan W Churchill, Michael G Hutchison, Alex P Di Battista, Simon J Graham, Tom A Schweizer
There is growing concern about how participation in contact sports affects the brain. Retrospective evidence suggests that contact sports are associated with long-term negative health outcomes. However, much of the research to date has focused on former athletes with significant health problems. Less is known about the health of current athletes in contact and collision sports who have not reported significant medical issues. In this cross-sectional study, advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to evaluate multiple aspects of brain physiology in three groups of athletes participating in non-contact sports (N = 20), contact sports (N = 22), and collision sports (N = 23)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876477/a-scoping-review-to-address-the-culture-of-concussion-in-youth-and-high-school-sports
#13
Kelly Sarmiento, Zoe Donnell, Rosanne Hoffman
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the National Academy of Sciences emphasized the need to develop, implement, and evaluate effective large-scale educational strategies to improve the culture of concussion in youth and high school sports. In support of this recommendation, in this article we summarize research on factors that contribute to the culture of concussion. METHODS: We conducted the literature search using 7 electronic databases. We used a scoping review method to identify studies that addressed knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, use of educational resources, and interventions related to concussion among young athletes, coaches, and parents...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872365/recovery-progression-and-symptom-resolution-in-sport-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Ensie Abbassi, Bess Sirmon-Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the recovery progression of a group of athletes who participated in a concussion management program based on (1) group analysis and (2) individual analysis. SETTING: Concussion management clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty athletes (22 males, 8 females; baseline age = 16.23 ± 2.40 years) who had undergone four assessments: one baseline and three post-injury assessments at 3, 8, 15 days post-injury. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical...
September 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870119/a-history-of-concussions-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-former-male-professional-athletes-across-a-range-of-sports
#15
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Michael Lambert, William Stewart, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports suggest that exposure to repetitive concussions in sports is associated with an increased risk of symptoms of distress, anxiety and depression, sleep disturbance or substance abuse/dependence (typically referred as symptoms of common mental disorders[CMD]) and of later development of neurodegenerative disease, in particular chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between sports career-related concussions and the subsequent occurrence of symptoms of CMD among former male professional athletes retired from football (soccer), ice hockey and rugby (union)...
September 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859119/characteristics-of-the-king-devick-test-in-the-assessment-of-concussed-patients-in-the-subacute-and-later-stages-after-injury
#16
Arsenije Subotic, Windsor Kwan-Chun Ting, Michael D Cusimano
Although the King-Devick (K-D) test has been used frequently in assessing sports related concussion early after injury, its characteristics over time after injury and in patients with prolonged persistent symptoms are unknown. The purpose of this paper was to: evaluate the ability of the K-D Test to distinguish patients seen early after concussion from those with symptoms persisting more than 3 months compared to controls, assess changes in the K-D test times over time after concussion, and determine the relationship of K-D times to the Stroop Color and Word Test scores...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839132/neuroimaging-of-sport-concussion-persistent-alterations-in-brain-structure-and-function-at-medical-clearance
#17
Nathan W Churchill, Michael G Hutchison, Doug Richards, General Leung, Simon J Graham, Tom A Schweizer
The medical decision of return to play (RTP) after a sport concussion is largely based on symptom status following a graded exercise protocol. However, it is currently unknown how objective markers of brain structure and function relate to clinical recovery. The goal of this study was to determine whether differences in brain structure and function at acute injury remain present at RTP. In this longitudinal study, 54 active varsity athletes were scanned using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including 27 with recent concussion, imaged at both acute injury and medical clearance, along with 27 matched controls...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838286/self-reported-history-of-seizure-and-baseline-neurocognitive-test-performance-in-student-athletes-an-initial-investigation
#18
Brian H Zalneraitis, Alec J Pawlukiewicz, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary S Solomon
OBJECTIVES: Baseline neurocognitive assessment data can be critical in return to play (RTP) decision-making following a sport-related concussion (SRC). The literature indicates that many modifying factors of SRC have been studied empirically; however, there has been little investigation into the effect of a self-reported history of seizure(s) on baseline neurocognitive test data. The objective of this investigation was to determine whether a self-reported history of seizure(s) is associated with differences in baseline Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) performance...
August 25, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836810/a-review-of-the-literature-on-pediatric-concussions-and-return-to-learn-rtl-implications-for-rtl-policy-research-and-practice
#19
Jilian A O'Neill, Molly K Cox, Olivio J Clay, James M Johnston, Thomas A Novack, David C Schwebel, Laura E Dreer
OBJECTIVE: While reintegration of concussed youth back into sports has been increasingly studied over the past decade, a noticeably lacking yet growing body of research has begun to focus on issues surrounding return to academics or "return-to-learn" (RTL). The objective of this article was to conduct a comprehensive literature review to identify the full range of themes and gaps in the current body of RTL research. STUDY DESIGN: Researchers analyzed PubMed, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases to identify all recent (January 2000 through May 2016) empirical publications on the RTL process following youth concussions...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831759/evidence-of-concussion-signs-in-national-rugby-league-match-play-a-video-review-and-validation-study
#20
Andrew J Gardner, David R Howell, Christopher R Levi, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: Many professional sports have introduced sideline video review to help recognise concussions. The reliability and validity of identifying clinical and observable signs of concussion using video analysis has not been extensively explored. This study examined the reliability and validity of clinical signs of concussion using video analysis in the National Rugby League (NRL). METHODS: All 201 professional NRL matches from the 2014 season were reviewed to document six signs of possible concussion (unresponsiveness, slow to get up, clutching/shaking head, gait ataxia, vacant stare, and seizure)...
August 22, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
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