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Sports related concussion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329116/concussion-symptom-underreporting-among-incoming-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-i-college-athletes
#1
Fiona N Conway, Marianne Domingues, Robert Monaco, Laura M Lesnewich, Anne E Ray, Brandon L Alderman, Sabrina M Todaro, Jennifer F Buckman
OBJECTIVE: Accurate diagnosis of sport-related concussions relies heavily on truthful self-reporting of symptom severity. Previous studies have emphasized lack of knowledge as a factor in symptom nondisclosure. This study sought to examine concussion knowledge and the relationship of knowledge to reasons for symptom nondisclosure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected during preparticipation athletic evaluations via electronic survey...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318177/injury-recurrence-among-high-school-athletes-in-the-united-states-a-decade-of-patterns-and-trends-2005-2006-through-2015-2016
#2
K Linnea Welton, Matthew J Kraeutler, Lauren A Pierpoint, Justin H Bartley, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
Background: As participation in high school athletics increases, so does the number of adolescents experiencing sports-related injury. Understanding injury patterns is an important component to developing and evaluating prevention and rehabilitation programs. Purpose: To analyze recurrent injury rates and patterns among high school athletes, to compare recurrent injuries with new injuries, and to evaluate injury trends over time. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315106/zurich-to-berlin-where-are-we-now-with-the-concussion-in-sport-group
#3
Margaret E Pusateri, Brandon J Hockenberry, Christopher A McGrew
The Concussion in Sport Group recently published its highly anticipated fifth consensus statement on sports-related concussion. The latest iteration features a new organizational format-the "11 Rs" and has input from a wider range of health care professionals, organizations, and experts in the field from both the sport concussion area and from related areas outside of sport. The stated objective of this current document is to "build on the principles outlined in previous statements and develop further conceptual understanding of sports-related concussion...
January 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315100/management-of-an-adolescent-athlete-with-sports-related-concussion-and-intraparenchymal-hemorrhage
#4
Michael J Ellis, Jeffrey Barnes, Dean M Cordingley, Martin Bunge, Patrick J McDonald, Lesley Ritchie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300847/an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-sports-concussion-evaluation-and-management-the-role-of-a-neuropsychologist
#5
Summer D Ott, Christopher M Bailey, Donna K Broshek
Sports neuropsychology is a rapidly emerging field that affords neuropsychologists, the opportunity to work with a diverse group of individuals in terms of age, gender, sports, ethnicity, and language and sports has a way of bringing diverse communities together. Although working with athletes can be associated with unique challenges, neuropsychological assessment with this population and being part of an interdisciplinary sports medicine team is both exciting and rewarding and can merge a passion for sports with professional interests...
December 29, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299391/the-auditory-comprehension-changes-over-time-after-sport-related-concussion-can-indicate-multisensory-processing-dysfunctions
#6
Anita Białuńska, Anthony P Salvatore
Background: Although science findings and treatment approaches of a concussion have changed in recent years, there continue to be challenges in understanding the nature of the post-concussion behavior. There is growing a body of evidence that some deficits can be related to an impaired auditory processing. Purpose: To assess auditory comprehension changes over time following sport-related concussion (SRC) in young athletes. Methods: A prospective, repeated measures mixed-design was used...
December 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282262/brain-health-and-healthy-ageing-in-retired-rugby-union-players-the-brain-study-study-protocol-for-an-observational-study-in-the-uk
#7
Valentina Gallo, Damien McElvenny, Catherine Hobbs, Donna Davoren, Huw Morris, Sebastian Crutch, Henrik Zetterberg, Nick C Fox, Simon Kemp, Matthew Cross, Nigel K Arden, Madeleine A M Davies, Andrea Malaspina, Neil Pearce
INTRODUCTION: Relatively little is known about the long-term health of former elite rugby players, or former sportspeople more generally. As well as the potential benefits of being former elite sportspersons, there may be potential health risks from exposures occurring during an individual's playing career, as well as following retirement. Each contact sport has vastly different playing dynamics, therefore exposing its players to different types of potential traumas. Current evidence suggests that these are not necessarily comparable in terms of pathophysiology, and their potential long-term adverse effects might also differ...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280684/sport-related-concussive-convulsions-a-systematic-review
#8
Nicholas O Kuhl, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Hannah Burnette, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of sport-related concussion (SRC) continues to rise. Presentations of concussed athletes vary from subtle symptoms to notable signs. Between the 4th and 5th iterations of the Concussion in Sport Group (CISG) guidelines, concussive convulsions were removed as a modifying factor, but little evidence or discussion supported this change. While considerable research exists regarding post-traumatic epilepsy in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury, convulsions following SRC are relatively understudied...
December 27, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276716/lived-experiences-of-adolescent-athletes-following-sport-related-concussion
#9
Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Alyssa J Wagner, Cailee E Welch Bacon
Background: Previous studies have identified the effect of sport-related concussion on health-related quality of life through the use of patient-reported outcome measures. However, there has been little research exploring the underlying mechanisms that influence these perceptions of health-related quality of life among adolescent athletes who have sustained a sport-related concussion. Purpose: To explore the psychosocial aspects of concussion among adolescent athletes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259806/concussion-knowledge-and-experience-among-welsh-amateur-rugby-union-coaches-and-referees
#10
Steffan Arthur Griffin, Craig Ranson, Isabel Moore, Prabhat Mathema
Background: Rugby union is a collision sport where participants are at high risk of sustaining a concussion. In settings where there is little qualified medical supervision, certain stakeholders (eg, coaches and officials) should possess sufficient knowledge in regard to the recognition and management of concussion. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and experience of various aspects of concussion among coaches and referees involved in Welsh amateur rugby union...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250458/comparison-of-psychological-response-between-concussion-and-musculoskeletal-injury-in-collegiate-athletes
#11
Samantha Turner, Jody Langdon, George Shaver, Victoria Graham, Kelly Naugle, Thomas Buckley
The psychological response to musculoskeletal injuries has been well documented, however, research on the psychological response to concussion is limited. The Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) have recently been used to assess the psychological recovery of concussions. Although some studies indicate that psychological response is different for musculoskeletal injuries and concussion, there is currently not enough information to indicate this difference occurs at specific clinical milestones...
2017: Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246592/risk-factors-associated-with-baseline-king-devick-performance
#12
R Moran, T Covassin
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of baseline risk factors on the King-Devick (K-D) test in youth athletes, including of age, sex, and history of concussion. METHODS: A total of 422 youth football and soccer athletes between the ages of 8 and 14 completed a baseline K-D test prior to the start of their respective seasons. Participant age, sex, and history of concussion were analyzed for K-D performance (i.e., errors and baseline time). A series of Mann-Whitney U tests were conducted to determine the effects of risk factors on performance...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242807/parents-and-child-s-concussion-history-as-predictors-of-parental-attitudes-and-knowledge-of-concussion-recognition-and-response
#13
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Cassie B Ford, Richelle M Williams, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
Background: Parents' knowledge of and attitudes toward concussions are often vital factors that affect care for injured adolescent athletes. It is important to understand the role that parents' personal experiences with concussions play with regard to current concussion knowledge and attitudes so that clinicians may tailor their educational approaches. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine an association between parents' personal experiences and their child's experiences with concussions as well as parental concussion knowledge and attitudes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239998/seasonal-changes-in-functional-fitness-and-neurocognitive-assessments-in-youth-ice-hockey-players
#14
Michelle Avery, Nick Wattie, Michael Holmes, Shilpa Dogra
Deficits in balance and strength combined with differing rates of sensory and motor neural development may increase risk of sports related injury in youth. This study evaluated changes in functional fitness and concussion status over the course of a competitive season in youth ice-hockey players, and examined the relationship between these variables and injury occurrence. Thirty-six participants (8.9 ± 1.1 years) completed pre and post-season assessments including anthropometric measurements, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ), and a computerized neurocognitive assessment (ImPACT)...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234553/gait-deficits-under-dual-task-conditions-in-the-concussed-adolescent-and-young-athlete-population-a-systematic-review
#15
Larisa Grants, Bailey Powell, Cody Gessel, Faith Hiser, Amy Hassen
Background: There are no current sport concussion assessments that capture the effects of dual-task conditions on gait. Multiple studies have evaluated changes, but none have comprehensively examined literature related to the adolescent and young adult population.Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize documented changes in gait under dual-task conditions in adolescents and young adults after sustaining a concussion.Study Design: Systematic Review. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was consulted to guide this systematic review...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228862/oculomotor-cognitive-control-abnormalities-in-australian-rules-football-players-with-a-history-of-concussion
#16
Meaghan Clough, Steven Mutimer, David K Wright, Adrian Tsang, Daniel Costello, Andrew Gardner, Peter Stanwell, Richelle Mychasiuk, Mujun Sun, Rhys D Brady, Stuart John McDonald, Kyria Maree Webster, Maddison Johnstone, Joanne Fielding, Bridgette Semple, Denes V Agoston, Owen B White, Richard Frayne, Terence John O'Brien, Sandy Richard Shultz
This study used oculomotor, cognitive, and multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures to assess for neurological abnormalities in current asymptomatic amateur Australian rules footballers (i.e., Australia's most participated collision sport) with a history of sports-related concussion (SRC). Participants were 15 male amateur Australian rules football players with a history of SRC greater than 6 months previously, and 15 sex-, age- and education-matched athlete control subjects that had no history of neurotrauma or participation in collision sports...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222477/a-novel-eeg-based-spectral-analysis-of-persistent-brain-function-alteration-in-athletes-with-concussion-history
#17
Tamanna T K Munia, Ali Haider, Charles Schneider, Mark Romanick, Reza Fazel-Rezai
The neurocognitive sequelae of a sport-related concussion and its management are poorly defined. Detecting deficits are vital in making a decision about the treatment plan as it can persist one year or more following a brain injury. The reliability of traditional cognitive assessment tools is debatable, and thus attention has turned to assessments based on electroencephalogram (EEG) to evaluate subtle post-concussive alterations. In this study, we calculated neurocognitive deficits combining EEG analysis with three standard post-concussive assessment tools...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219635/hashtag-tbi-a-content-and-network-data-analysis-of-tweets-about-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Melissa Brunner, Bronwyn Hemsley, Stephen Dann, Leanne Togher, Stuart Palmer
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to: (a) determine how Twitter is used by people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and TBI organisations, (b) analyse the Twitter networks and content of tweets tagged with TBI-related hashtags, and (c) identify any challenges people with TBI encounter in using Twitter. RESEARCH DESIGN: Mixed methods in a Twitter hashtag study. METHODS: Mixed methods in a Twitter hashtag study. Tweets tagged with TBI-related hashtags were harvested from the Twitter website over a one-month period in 2016 and analysed qualitatively and quantitatively...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211506/validity-of-low-resolution-eye-tracking-to-assess-eye-movements-during-a-rapid-number-naming-task-performance-of-the-eyetribe-eye-tracker
#19
Jenelle Raynowska, John-Ross Rizzo, Janet C Rucker, Weiwei Dai, Joel Birkemeier, Julian Hershowitz, Ivan Selesnick, Laura J Balcer, Steven L Galetta, Todd Hudson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the EyeTribe compared to the EyeLink for eye movement recordings during a rapid number naming test in healthy control participants. BACKGROUND: With the increasing accessibility of portable, economical, video-based eye trackers such as the EyeTribe, there is growing interest in these devices for eye movement recordings, particularly in the domain of sports-related concussion. However, prior to implementation there is a primary need to establish the validity of these devices...
December 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202937/youth-sport-related-concussions-perceived-and-measured-baseline-knowledge-of-concussions-among-community-coaches-athletes-and-parents
#20
Katherine N Nanos, John M Franco, Dirk Larson, Kristin Mara, Edward R Laskowski
OBJECTIVE: To assess concussion knowledge of athletes, coaches, and parents/guardians in a community setting and to understand trends/gaps in knowledge among subgroups to tailor efforts toward creating educational interventions. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study involved 262 individuals (142 [55%] female): 115 athletes participating in noncontact and contact sports (ages 13-19 years), 15 coaches, and 132 parents. Recruitment occurred from August 30, 2015, through August 30, 2016, at 3 local high schools...
December 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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