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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031102/identifying-the-loss-of-functional-independence-of-older-people-residing-in-the-community-validation-of-the-prisma-7-instrument-in-brazil
#1
Ana Luiza Flores Saenger, Célia Pereira Caldas, Michel Raîche, Luciana Branco da Motta
The identification of the older people who are functionally dependant is essential for planning interventions with emphasis on secondary and tertiary prevention. Therefore, a simplified tool, able to identify these individuals for a more comprehensive evaluation, is required. However, the use of a measuring tool in a different socio-cultural context requires prior adaptation. This article aims to verify the psychometric properties of the PRISMA-7 in Brazilian context. This instrument was previously shown as able to identify older persons living in the community who have risk of functional loss in a Canadian study...
October 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029370/elder-neglect-oral-diseases-and-injuries
#2
Stefano Petti
Elder Neglect (EN) is the failure of a designated caregiver to meet the needs of a dependent older person. World EN prevalence, meta-analyzed in this study, is 1.0% or 1.8% according to different statistical methods. Referring alleged EN cases to Adult Protective Services (APSs) by healthcare workers (HCWs) is mandatory in many countries. However, only few claims are substantiated, as EN could be confused with Self-Neglect, neglect could be unintentional or due to caregiver unawareness. Screening tools are inaccurate and their use is discouraged by public health organizations, because they lead to too many false positives, which engulf the already overwhelmed APSs...
October 13, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029223/age-and-the-factor-structure-of-emotional-experience-in-adulthood
#3
Susan T Charles, Jacqueline Mogle, Kate A Leger, David M Almeida
Objectives: The current study examined the factor structure of emotional experience across adults 34-50, 51-65, and 66-84 year olds. Method: Participants (N = 2,022) were asked about 14 negative and 13 positive emotions across 8 days in the National Study of Daily Experiences II study. Factor analysis computed both inter-individual factors (between-person structure of emotional experience) and intra-individual factors (factors describing emotions in daily life) for each age group...
September 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028935/latent-profile-analysis-reveals-behavioral-and-brain-correlates-of-dopamine-cognition-associations
#4
Martin Lövdén, Nina Karalija, Micael Andersson, Anders Wåhlin, Jan Axelsson, Ylva Köhncke, Lars S Jonasson, Anna Rieckman, Goran Papenberg, Douglas D Garrett, Marc Guitart-Masip, Alireza Salami, Katrine Riklund, Lars Bäckman, Lars Nyberg, Ulman Lindenberger
Evidence suggests that associations between the neurotransmitter dopamine and cognition are nonmonotonic and open to modulation by various other factors. The functional implications of a given level of dopamine may therefore differ from person to person. By applying latent-profile analysis to a large (n = 181) sample of adults aged 64-68 years, we probabilistically identified 3 subgroups that explain the multivariate associations between dopamine D2/3R availability (probed with 11C-raclopride-PET, in cortical, striatal, and hippocampal regions) and cognitive performance (episodic memory, working memory, and perceptual speed)...
September 25, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027387/safety-and-efficacy-of-ziagen-abacavir-sulfate-in-hiv-infected-korean-patients
#5
Heawon Ann, Ki Hyon Kim, Hyun Young Choi, Hyun Ha Chang, Sang Hoon Han, Kye Hyung Kim, Jin Soo Lee, Yeon Sook Kim, Kyung Hwa Park, Young Keun Kim, Jang Wook Sohn, Na Ra Yun, Chang Seop Lee, Young Wha Choi, Yil Seob Lee, Shin Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Abacavir is a widely-used nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Mandatory postmarketing surveillance was conducted in Korea to monitor the safety and evaluate the effectiveness of Ziagen® (abacavir sulfate 300 mg; ViiV Healthcare, Middlesex, UK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An open-label, multi-center, non-interventional postmarketing surveillance study was conducted from June 2010 to June 2016 to monitor the safety and effectiveness of Ziagen across 12 hospitals in Korea...
September 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027386/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-renal-insufficiency-among-korean-hiv-infected-patients-the-korea-hiv-aids-cohort-study
#6
Eun Jin Kim, Jin Young Ahn, Youn Jeong Kim, Seong Heon Wie, Dae Won Park, Joon Young Song, Hee Jung Choi, Hyun Ha Chang, Bo Youl Choi, Yunsu Choi, Ju Yeon Choi, Myung Guk Han, Chun Kang, June Myung Kim, Jun Yong Choi
BACKGROUND: Renal disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, there are very few published studies about renal insufficiency in HIV-infected persons in Asia, especially in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of renal insufficiency, defined as <60 mL/min/1.73 m², in subjects in the Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study enrolled from 19 institutions between December 2006 and July 2013...
September 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027208/occurrence-of-acute-renal-failure-on-the-same-day-as-immune-globulin-product-administrations-during-2008-to-2014
#7
Bola F Ekezue, Gayathri Sridhar, Richard A Forshee, Hector S Izurieta, Nandini Selvam, Paul D Mintz, Steven A Anderson, Mikhail D Menis
BACKGROUND: Acute renal failure (ARF) is a rare serious adverse event after immune globulin (IG) use. Our large claims-based study evaluated occurrence of same-day ARF after administration of different IGs and ascertained potential risk factors, during the 2008 to 2014 study period. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a large commercial administrative database. The cohort included individuals exposed to IG products as identified by procedure codes...
October 12, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026754/medication-discrepancies-and-potentially-inadequate-prescriptions-in-elderly-adults-with-polypharmacy-in-ambulatory-care
#8
Juan Víctor Ariel Franco, Sergio Adrián Terrasa, Karin Silvana Kopitowski
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe the frequency and type of medication discrepancies (MD) through medication reconciliation and to describe the frequency of potentially inadequate prescription (PIP) medications using screening tool of older persons' prescriptions criteria. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison of electronic medical record (EMR) medication lists and patient's self-report of their comprehensive medication histories obtained through telephone interviews...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025059/mindfulness-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-analysis
#9
José G Luiggi-Hernandez, Jean Woo, Megan Hamm, Carol M Greco, Debra K Weiner, Natalia E Morone
Objective: Mindfulness is a nonpharmacologic mind-body therapy that has been shown to be effective in older adults with chronic low back pain (cLBP). There are few first-person accounts in the literature that describe the older adult experience and perspective while learning mindfulness and meditation to treat pain. The objective of this study was to investigate dominant themes present in the experiences of older adults applying mindfulness and meditation to cope with cLBP. Design: Qualitative analysis of four focus groups...
August 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024346/dementia-assessment-services-what-are-the-perceptions-of-older-people
#10
Ruth Walker, Julie Ratcliffe, Amy White, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine how older people with dementia and their family caregivers experience dementia assessment services and preferences for future configuration of diagnostic services. METHODS: Qualitative, semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with nine individuals with dementia. In seven instances, the caregiver also took part in the interview, and on two occasions, the interview was with the person with dementia only. RESULTS: An important contact during assessment of dementia was the general practitioner, in particular working in a way or timeframe which provides clarity and comfort to the person with dementia and their family members...
October 10, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023938/a-pharmacist-led-program-to-evaluate-and-reduce-polypharmacy-and-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-in-older-hiv-positive-patients
#11
I R McNicholl, M Gandhi, C Bradley Hare, M Greene, E Pierluissi
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this pharmacist-led study was to utilize 2 validated instruments, Beers and Screening Tool of Older Persons' Potentially inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP), to assess potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in older patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and evaluate pharmacist interventions. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, interventional trial. SETTING: Large urban clinic providing interdisciplinary primary and HIV care for approximately 2700 HIV-positive, publically insured patients...
October 10, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023536/change-in-inflammatory-parameters-in-prefrail-and-frail-persons-obtaining-physical-training-and-nutritional-support-provided-by-lay-volunteers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sandra Haider, Igor Grabovac, Eva Winzer, Ali Kapan, Karin Emmi Schindler, Christian Lackinger, Sylvia Titze, Thomas Ernst Dorner
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of home visits with physical training and nutritional support on inflammatory parameters to home visits with social support alone within a randomized controlled trial. Prefrail and frail persons received home visits from lay volunteers twice a week for 12 weeks. Participants in the physical training and nutritional intervention group (PTN, n = 35) conducted two sets of six strength exercises and received nutritional support. The social support group (SoSu, n = 23) received visits only...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023514/prostate-cancer-screening-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-in-a-sample-of-men-in-italy-a-survey
#13
Marianna Morlando, Concetta Paola Pelullo, Gabriella Di Giuseppe
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards prostate cancer and its prevention. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a random sample of 625 fathers of students attending eight public schools. The self-administered questionnaire included questions on: socio-demographic characteristics, personal and familiar medical history of prostate cancer, knowledge about prostate cancer and the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, perception of risk towards prostate cancer, perception of the benefits of having a PSA-test, willingness to receive the PSA-test and sources of and needs of information regarding prostate cancer and the PSA-test...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023452/functional-imaging-of-cognition-in-an-old-old-population-a-case-for-portable-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#14
Theodore J Huppert, Helmet Karim, Chia-Cheng Lin, Bader A Alqahtani, Susan L Greenspan, Patrick J Sparto
In this study, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was used to record brain activation during cognitive testing in older individuals (88±6yo; N = 19) living in residential care communities. This population, which is often associated with loss of personal independence due to physical or cognitive decline associated with aging, is also often under-represented in neuroscience research because of a limited means to participate in studies which often take place in large urban or university centers. In this study, we demonstrate the feasibility and initial results using a portable 8-source by 4-detector fNIRS system to measure brain activity from participants within residential care community centers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023223/point-prevalence-and-patterns-of-mental-health-co-morbidity-among-people-accessing-australia-s-first-older-adult-specific-alcohol-and-other-drug-treatment-service
#15
Stephen Bright, Katherine Walsh, Cylie Williams
OBJECTIVE: There is good data regarding the prevalence and patterns of dual diagnosis among the general population; however, data regarding the older adult cohort is limited. We aimed to extend the knowledge of the point prevalence and patterns of dual diagnosis among older adults, and the impact of dual diagnosis on the utilization of Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) treatment services. METHOD: A 12 month medical chart audit of clients discharged from an Australian older adult-specific AOD treatment service...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023081/frailty-predicts-adverse-outcomes-in-older-people-with-diabetes
#16
Joanna Ulley, Ahmed H Abdelhafiz
The greatest proportional increase in the number of people with diabetes by age group is predicted to occur in those aged 60 to 79. In older people living with diabetes, geriatric syndromes, which indicate frailty, are emerging as a third category of complications in addition to the traditional microvascular and macrovascular sequelae. Frailty is defined by the presence of three or more phenotypes (weight loss, weakness, decreased physical activity, exhaustion and slow gait speed). The presence of one or two phenotypes describes a pre-frail state, and the absence of phenotypes describes a non-frail person...
January 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022726/common-marmoset-callithrix-jacchus-personality
#17
Sonja E Koski, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Hayley Ash, Judith M Burkart, Thomas Bugnyar, Alexander Weiss
Increasing evidence suggests that personality structure differs between species, but the evolutionary reasons for this variation are not fully understood. We built on earlier research on New World monkeys to further elucidate the evolution of personality structure in primates. We therefore examined personality in 100 family-reared adult common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) from 3 colonies on a 60-item questionnaire. Principal components analyses revealed 5 domains that were largely similar to those found in a previous study on captive, ex-pet, or formerly laboratory-housed marmosets that were housed in a sanctuary...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022724/age-differences-in-positive-feelings-and-their-expression
#18
Margund K Rohr, Cornelia Wieck, Ute Kunzmann
Although various studies point to the importance of positive emotions for health and well-being across the entire life span, current research on age differences in emotional reactivity mainly focuses on negative emotions. Empirical evidence on positive emotions is scarce and mixed. Part of the inconsistencies may be related to study differences in the stimuli used and the emotional response systems considered. Thus, the present study examined different response systems (i.e., subjective feelings, facial and verbal expressions) and used internal stimuli of high personal relevance to all participants...
October 12, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022177/association-between-dietary-zinc-intake-and-mortality-among-chinese-adults-findings-from-10-year-follow-up-in-the-jiangsu-nutrition-study
#19
Zumin Shi, Anna Chu, Shiqi Zhen, Anne W Taylor, Yue Dai, Malcolm Riley, Samir Samman
PURPOSE: Population studies of the association between zinc intake and mortality yield inconsistent findings. Using data from Jiangsu Nutrition Study, we aimed to assess the association between zinc intake and mortality among Chinese adults. METHODS: We prospectively studied 2832 adults aged 20 years and older with a mean follow-up of 9.8 years. At baseline, food intake was measured by 3-day weighed food record (WFR) between September and December in 2002. Death occurrence was assessed in 2012 during a household visit as well as by data linkage with the regional death registry...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021771/age-based-positivity-effects-in-imagining-and-recalling-future-positive-and-negative-autobiographical-events
#20
Elvira García-Bajos, Malen Migueles, Alaitz Aizpurua
Thoughts about the future reflect personal goals, and projections into the future enrich our emotional life. Researchers have taken an interest in determining whether the tendency to remember more positive than negative emotional events observed when recalling past events also appears when remembering imagined future events. The objective of this study was to examine the age-based positivity effect of recall for future positive and negative autobiographical events in young and older adults. Representative future events were first established to develop the cues used to prompt personal future events...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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