Read by QxMD icon Read

Older person

Beth A Evans, Claudia J Beverly, Pao-Feng Tsai, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Leanne L Lefler, Rachida F Parks
Adoption of electronic personal health records by older adults offers multiple advantages to healthcare and is being encouraged by federal agencies and health associations. However, obstacles have limited older adults' rates of adoption to approximately 10%. This study examined the initial proficiency of older adults at entering 21 standard health elements into an electronic personal health record. Entry completeness, accuracy, elapsed time, and help requests were measured. A combination of standard technology adoption model and older adult characteristics accounted for 52% of variability in proficiency at entering electronic personal health record data...
June 21, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Igor Radun, Hanna Watling, Jenni Radun, Jyrki Kaistinen, Jake Olivier
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that young men are the riskiest group of all drivers, while men in general more often drive under the influence of alcohol. However, potentially oversimplified representations such as a "young male problem" and "drunk driving as a male problem" can influence action and reinforce existing attitudes by selectively directing attention to stereotypically consistent behavior. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis of possible bias towards young male drivers in the context of drunk driving...
June 21, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
A R Rasulov
AIM: To determine the factors that shape attitudes towards people with severe mental disorders as well as to establish correlations between these factors and socio-demographic variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted among 1000 respondents in five regions of the country. The questionnaire included different aspects concerning the relation of society towards people with mental disorders. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The study established three-factor structure of attitudes towards people with mental illness: social distance, perseption of social threat, tolerant attitude Older age and a personal acquaintance with the patient were associated with lower ratings of social distance, while female gender was associated with a greater level of perception of social threat...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Fiona Cowdell, Kathleen T Galvin
Understanding people's experience of skin ageing as it is lived can enable sensitive approaches to promoting healthy skin and to care in general. By understanding the insider perspective, what it is like for individuals, a way to sensitise practice for more humanly sensitive care is offered. Through interviews with seventeen community-dwelling older people, the essential meaning of living within ageing skin was illuminated as a state of managed inevitability. The skin is inevitably changing, and ageing skin is a marker of change over time but the person within remains...
June 21, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
Daniel Zimprich, Tabea Wolf
In many studies of autobiographical memory, participants are asked to generate more than one autobiographical memory. The resulting data then have a hierarchical or multilevel structure, in the sense that the autobiographical memories (Level 1) generated by the same person (Level 2) tend to be more similar. Transferred to an analysis of the reminiscence bump in autobiographical memory, at Level 1 the prediction of whether an autobiographical memory will fall within the reminiscence bump is based on the characteristics of that memory...
June 20, 2018: Memory & Cognition
Janneke C M Heijne, Ingrid V F van den Broek, Sylvia M Bruisten, Jan E A van Bergen, Hanneke de Graaf, Birgit H B van Benthem
OBJECTIVES: National prevalence estimates of Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhoea) are important for providing insights in the occurrence and control of these STIs. The aim was to obtain national prevalence estimates for chlamydia and gonorrhoea and to investigate risk factors associated with infection. METHODS: Between November 2016 and January 2017, we performed a national population-based cross-sectional probability sample survey among men and women aged 18-34 years in the Netherlands...
June 20, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Natalie J Collins, Christian J Barton, Marienke van Middelkoop, Michael J Callaghan, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Bill T Vicenzino, Irene S Davis, Christopher M Powers, Erin M Macri, Harvi F Hart, Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Kay M Crossley
Patellofemoral pain affects a large proportion of the population, from adolescents to older adults, and carries a substantial personal and societal burden. An international group of scientists and clinicians meets biennially at the International Patellofemoral Research Retreat to share research findings related to patellofemoral pain conditions and develop consensus statements using best practice methods. This consensus statement, from the 5th International Patellofemoral Research Retreat held in Australia in July 2017, focuses on exercise therapy and physical interventions (eg, orthoses, taping and manual therapy) for patellofemoral pain...
June 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Chantal Backman, Dawn Stacey, Michelle Crick, Danielle Cho-Young, Patricia B Marck
BACKGROUND: Older adults with multiple chronic conditions typically have more complex care needs that require multiple transitions between healthcare settings. Poor care transitions often lead to fragmentation in care, decreased quality of care, and increased adverse events. Emerging research recommends the strong need to engage patients and families to improve the quality of their care. However, there are gaps in evidence on the most effective approaches for fully engaging patients/clients and families in their transitional care...
June 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
A Balasubramanian, S W Wade, R A Adler, K Saag, N Pannacciulli, J R Curtis
PURPOSE: We evaluated systemic glucocorticoid exposure and fracture among patients with newly-diagnosed inflammatory and immune-modulated conditions. METHODS: Using administrative data, inception cohorts of RA, asthma/COPD, IBD, MS, lupus, and sarcoidosis patients age 18-64 years with benefits coverage ≥12 months before diagnosis (1/1/2005-12/31/2012) were followed to clinical fracture, cancer diagnosis, or 12/31/2012. Glucocorticoid users were new to therapy...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Hung Cao Dinh, Ivan Bautmans, Ingo Beyer, Tony Mets, Oscar Okwudiri Onyema, Louis Nuvagah Forti, Wim Renmans, Sam Vander Meeren, Kristin Jochmans, Sofie Vermeiren, Roberta Vella Azzopardi, Rose Njemini
Frailty is highly prevalent in old age and confers an important mortality risk. Although the causes of frailty are multiple, immuno-senescence (IS) - predominantly driven by cytomegalovirus (CMV) - has been implicated in its pathophysiology. Thus far, research examining the association between IS and frailty states is sparse and equivocal. On the other hand, evidence is mounting in support of the view that frailty can be reversed, especially for those in the pre-frail stage. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the impact of CMV on IS and its relevance to pre-frailty...
June 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Kira S Birditt, Jasmine A Manalel, Heidi Sommers, Gloria Luong, Karen L Fingerman
Background and Objectives: Older adults are often considered at risk for social isolation. Little is known, however, about how often older adults lack social contact (in person, phone, electronic) throughout the day, the implications of lacking contact (i.e., solitude), and whether the effects of solitude vary by the broader social context. Research Design and Methods: Participants were from the Daily Experiences and Well-being Study (DEWS) which included 313 older adults (aged 65+) who completed baseline interviews followed by 5-6 days of ecological momentary assessments approximately every 3 hr...
June 19, 2018: Gerontologist
X Mao, Z Wang, Q Hu, C Huang, H Yan, Z Wang, L Lu, M Zhuang, X Chen, J Fu, W Geng, Y Jiang, H Shang, J Xu
OBJECTIVES: The HIV epidemic is worsening among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, especially among those who are younger than 25 years old [younger MSM (YMSM)]. The aim of the study was to compare the prevalences of HIV incidence and recent HIV infection as well as factors associated with recent HIV infection in YMSM and older MSM (OMSM). METHODS: A multicentre cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4496 MSM recruited from seven Chinese cities. YMSM were defined as those aged < 25 years...
June 19, 2018: HIV Medicine
Rose M Collard, Sanne Wassink-Vossen, Aart H Schene, Paul Naarding, Peter Verhaak, Richard C Oude Voshaar, Hannie C Comijs
OBJECTIVES: Functional limitations give an indication of the total impact of diseases, such as depression, on individuals health and recovery. This study examines the change in several domains of functioning over 2 years in older persons depressed at baseline (non-remitted group and remitted group after 2 years) and in a non-depressed comparison group. METHODS: Data were used from a cohort study (Netherlands Study of Depression in Older persons [NESDO]) consisting of depressed older persons ≥ 60 years (N = 378) and a non-depressed comparison group (N = 132) with 2 years of follow-up (attrition rate 24%)...
June 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Louis J Gooren, Guy T'Sjoen
High quality empirical data assessing morbidity and mortality and cancer incidence among transgender people are almost non-existent. Sex hormone treatment of conditions in older non-transgender people might as yet be taken as the best available analogy to hormone administration to aging transgender persons. Testosterone administration to transgender men carries little risk with regard to cardiovascular disease and cancer. A dose adaptation may be needed in men with a high hematocrit or cardiac insufficiency...
June 19, 2018: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Mark Wilberforce, David Challis, Linda Davies, Michael P Kelly, Chris Roberts
PURPOSE: Researchers investigating person-centredness in older people's long-term community care are hindered by the lack of appropriate measures. Studies have tended to rely on proxy indicators or generic instruments, risking invalid results. This new research aimed to develop and psychometrically test a person-centredness scale for use in older people's community services. METHODS: Questionnaire items were sourced from groups of older people and mapped to a conceptual framework of person-centredness...
June 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Annabella M Gallagher, Kimberly A Updegraff, Jenny Padilla, Susan M McHale
Sibling relational aggression is an important but understudied dimension of sibling relationships that has potential implications for adolescents' adjustment. This study examined the longitudinal associations between being the target of sibling relational aggression and adolescent adjustment (i.e., depressive symptoms, risky behavior, self-worth, and romantic competence) among younger and older siblings over a three-year period in adolescence. The moderating roles of birth order, sibling gender, and sibling dyad gender constellation also were tested...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Asmat Abro, Lara-Anne Delicata, Surachet Vongsanim, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with sarcopenia have increased risk of mortality. There is consensus that sarcopenia should combine assessments of muscle function and mass. We wished to determine the effect of using different operational definitions in PD patients. METHODS: Hand grip strength (HGS) and segmental bioimpedance derived appendicular lean mass (ALM) were measured and the prevalence of sarcopenia determined using the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Sarcopenia Project (FNIH), European Working Group on Sarcopenia Older Persons (EWGSOP), and Asian Working Group on Sarcopenia (AWGS) definitions...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Papaarangi Reid, Sarah-Jane Paine, Braden Te Ao, Esther Willing, Emma Wyeth, Rhema Vaithianathan
INTRODUCTION: There is significant international interest in the economic impacts of persistent inequities in morbidity and mortality. However, very few studies have quantified the costs associated with unfair and preventable ethnic/racial inequities in health. The proposed study will investigate inequities in health between the indigenous Māori and non-Māori adult population in New Zealand (15 years and older) and estimate the economic costs associated with these differences. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study will use national collections data that is held by government agencies in New Zealand including hospitalisations, mortality, outpatient consultations, laboratory and pharmaceutical claims, and accident compensation claims...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
Lars Ursin, Maria Stuifbergen
Respecting people's consent choices for use of their material and data is a cornerstone of biobank ethics. Participation in biobanks is characteristically based on broad consent that presupposes an ongoing possibility of informing and interacting with participants over time. The death of a participant means the end of any interaction, but usually not the end of participation. Research on causes of death makes biobank material from deceased participants extremely valuable. But as new research questions and methods develop over time, the question arises whether stored biobank material from deceased persons still can be used on the basis of their broad consent...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
Susie Donnelly, Brenda Reginatto, Oisin Kearns, Marie Mc Carthy, Bill Byrom, Willie Muehlhausen, Brian Caulfield
BACKGROUND: Despite an aging population, older adults are typically underrecruited in clinical trials, often because of the perceived burden associated with participation, particularly travel associated with clinic visits. Conducting a clinical trial remotely presents an opportunity to leverage mobile and wearable technologies to bring the research to the patient. However, the burden associated with shifting clinical research to a remote site requires exploration. While a remote trial may reduce patient burden, the extent to which this shifts burden on the other stakeholders needs to be investigated...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"