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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691948/lifestyle-factors-and-the-course-of-depression-in-older-adults-a-nesdo-study
#1
REVIEW
Myrthe C Bruin, Hannie C Comijs, Rob M Kok, Roos C Van der Mast, Julia F Van den Berg
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether lifestyle indicators including physical exercise, sleep duration, alcohol use, body mass index, smoking status, and a composite lifestyle index are associated with the depression course in older adults. METHODS: Data of 283 older adults were used from the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older Persons. Depressive disorders at baseline were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The depression course at 2-year follow-up was assessed with the Inventory of Depressive Symptoms (IDS, score 0-84) every 6 months; physical exercise with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; alcohol use with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; body mass index by anthropometry; and sleep duration and smoking status by interview questions...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691128/ice-parties-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-pleasures-secrecy-and-risks
#2
Thomas E Guadamuz, Pimpawun Boonmongkon
BACKGROUND: Crystal methamphetamine (ice) has become the substance of choice among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in urban Thailand. Yet, there is scarce data on this phenomenon, partly due to the difficulty in accessing men who will disclose and openly discuss the social contexts, meanings and risks surrounding ice practice. We present an ethnography of ice parties, critically discussing the in-depth social meanings of ice; the sexual socialities and the secrecy surrounding its use; the transactions between older and younger men; and the role of the Internet and mobile technology...
April 21, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691069/a-multidisciplinary-bootcamp-as-an-educational-launch-to-a-geriatric-emergency-department
#3
Allyson A Kreshak, Sean X Neath, Vaishal M Tolia, Edward M Castillo, Thoedore C Chan
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) visits are increasing among patients ≥65 years of age. Geriatric EDs (GED) provide specialized emergency care for this older population. Interdisciplinary education of GED staff and providers is needed as part of the development of a GED. OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the effective use of a GED bootcamp as an educational mechanism for the introduction of a GED to a health system. METHODS: An all-day, in-person GED bootcamp was held on the campus of our health system's medical school campus and was led by experts in geriatric emergency care...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689345/visually-fixating-or-tracking-another-person-decreases-balance-control-in-young-and-older-females-walking-in-a-real-world-scenario
#4
Neil M Thomas, Tim Donovan, Susan Dewhurst, Theodoros M Bampouras
Balance control during overground walking was assessed in 10 young (23.6 ± 3.4) and 10 older (71.0 ± 5.5 years) healthy females during free gaze, and when fixating or tracking another person in an everyday use waiting room. Balance control was characterised by medial/lateral sacrum acceleration dispersion, and gaze fixations were simultaneously assessed with eye tracking equipment. The results showed decreased balance control when fixating a stationary (p = 0.003, gav  = 0.19) and tracking a walking (p = 0...
April 21, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689175/older-manufacturing-workers-and-adaptation-to-age-related-changes
#5
Martha J Sanders
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the age-related changes, adaptations, and contexts that support older workers in the manufacturing sector. METHOD: In a multiple-case study, 10 older workers from two manufacturing companies completed the Job Content Questionnaire, Health and Productivity Questionnaire, and semistructured interviews and underwent task observations for 8 hr over 4 mo. RESULTS: Age-related changes affecting job tasks included near vision, upper extremity strength, grip strength, joint stiffness, and endurance...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688852/assessing-air-quality-index-awareness-and-use-in-mexico-city
#6
Timothy C Borbet, Laura A Gladson, Kevin R Cromar
BACKGROUND: The Mexico City Metropolitan Area has an expansive urban population and a long history of air quality management challenges. Poor air quality has been associated with adverse pulmonary and cardiac health effects, particularly among susceptible populations with underlying disease. In addition to reducing pollution concentrations, risk communication efforts that inform behavior modification have the potential to reduce public health burdens associated with air pollution. METHODS: This study investigates the utilization of Mexico's IMECA risk communication index to inform air pollution avoidance behavior among the general population living in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area...
April 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688243/patterns-of-emergency-ambulance-use-2009-13-a-comparison-of-older-people-living-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-and-the-community
#7
R Dwyer, B Gabbe, T D Tran, K Smith, J A Lowthian
Objective: to examine demand for emergency ambulances by older people. Design: retrospective cohort study using secondary analysis of routinely collected clinical and administrative data from Ambulance Victoria, and population data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Setting: Victoria, Australia. Participants: people aged 65 years and over, living in Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACF) and the community, attended by emergency ambulance paramedics, 2009-13...
April 24, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686898/a-psychometric-properties-evaluation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-geriatric-depression-scale
#8
Giovanni Galeoto, Julita Sansoni, Michela Scuccimarri, Valentina Bruni, Rita De Santis, Mariele Colucci, Donatella Valente, Marco Tofani
Objective: The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is an evaluation tool to diagnose older adult's depression. This questionnaire was defined by Yesavage and Brink in 1982; it was designed expressly for the older person and defines his/her degree of satisfaction, quality of life, and feelings. The objective of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-IT). Methods: The Italian version of the Geriatric Depression Scale was administered to 119 people (79 people with a depression diagnosis and 40 healthy ones)...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685863/a-mobile-gaming-intervention-to-increase-adherence-to-antiretroviral-treatment-for-youth-living-with-hiv-development-guided-by-the-information-motivation-and-behavioral-skills-model
#9
Laura Whiteley, Larry Brown, Michelle Lally, Nicholas Heck, Jacob J van den Berg
BACKGROUND: Highly active combination antiretroviral treatment has been shown to markedly improve the health of HIV-infected adolescents and young adults. Adherence to antiretroviral treatment leads to decreased morbidity and mortality and decreases the number of hospitalizations. However, these clinical achievements can only occur when young persons with HIV are adherent to care. Unfortunately, adolescents and young adults have poorer rates of adherence to antiretroviral medications and poorer rates of retention in care than older adults...
April 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685480/mortality-in-youth-onset-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-the-search-for-diabetes-in-youth-study
#10
Kristi Reynolds, Sharon H Saydah, Scott Isom, Jasmin Divers, Jean M Lawrence, Dana Dabelea, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Giuseppina Imperatore, Ronny A Bell, Richard F Hamman
AIMS: To estimate short-term mortality rates for individuals with type 1 or type 2 diabetes diagnosed before age 20 years from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. METHODS: We included 8358 individuals newly-diagnosed with type 1 (n = 6840) or type 2 (n = 1518) diabetes from 1/1/2002-12/31/2008. We searched the National Death Index through 12/31/2010. We calculated standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) based on age, sex, and race for the comparable US population in the geographic areas of the SEARCH study...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684918/correction-examining-the-construct-and-known-group-validity-of-a-composite-endpoint-for-the-older-persons-and-informal-caregivers-survey-minimum-data-set-topics-mds-a-large-scale-data-sharing-initiative
#11
Cynthia S Hofman, Jennifer E Lutomski, Han Boter, Bianca M Buurman, Anton J M de Craen, Rogier Donders, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Peter Makai, René J F Melis
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173081.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684742/predictors-of-basic-self-care-and-intermediate-self-care-functional-disabilities-among-older-adults-in-ghana
#12
Prince M Amegbor, Vincent Z Kuuire, Hamish Robertson, Oscar A Kuffuor
The number of older adults in Ghana is growing rapidly. Associated with this growth, is the rise in age-related chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and musculoskeletal conditions. However, there is limited knowledge in the Ghanaian context on the effect of chronic diseases on functional disabilities among older adults. In this study, we examine the association between chronic diseases, socioeconomic status, and functional disabilities. Data from 4107 Ghanaian older adults (persons aged 50 years and above) who participated in the World Health Organization's Global Ageing and Adult Health survey (SAGE-Wave 1) were used to fit random effect multivariate logistic and complementary log-log regression...
April 12, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684740/continuously-declining-incidence-of-hip-fracture-in-finland-analysis-of-nationwide-database-in-1970-2016
#13
Pekka Kannus, Seppo Niemi, Jari Parkkari, Harri Sievänen
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures of older adults are a major public health issue. METHODS: We determined the current trend in the number and incidence (per 100,000 persons) of hip fracture among older adults in Finland by taking into account all persons 50 years of age or older who were admitted to hospitals for primary treatment of such fracture between 1970 and 2016. RESULTS: The number of hip fractures rose sharply till the end of 1990s (from 1857 in 1970 to 7122 in 1997), but since then, the rise has slowed down (7716 fractures in 2016)...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684648/social-participation-and-health-over-the-adult-life-course-does-the-association-strengthen-with-age
#14
Shannon Ang
RATIONALE: Studies have consistently found positive associations between social participation and health, but it is unclear if they vary across the life course. Younger individuals are likely to initiate and benefit from social participation in different ways from older individuals, which may in turn alter its overall influence on health outcomes. Age-varying associations, if present, may then attenuate or amplify the health consequences stemming from changes in social participation over the adult life course...
April 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684252/index-of-healthy-aging-in-chinese-older-adults-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#15
Chenkai Wu, Anne B Newman, Bi-Rong Dong, Michelle C Odden
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the distribution of an index of healthy aging-the Chinese Healthy Aging Index (CHAI)-in Chinese adults aged 60 and older according to sociodemographic characteristics and geographic region and to examine the association between the CHAI and mortality, disability, and functional limitation over 4 years. DESIGN: Nationally representative cohort study. SETTING: China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. PARTICIPANTS: Chinese adults aged 60 and older (N=3,740)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684054/-i-was-referred-from-the-other-side-gender-and-hiv-testing-among-older-south-africans-living-with-hiv
#16
Enid Schatz, Lucia Knight
South Africa has a Universal Test and Treat (UTT) policy in place to ensure that everyone tests for HIV and can access treatment if they test positive. The aim of this study is to document the pathways that older South Africans who are living with HIV take to access testing and treatment in this context. Despite the aging of the HIV epidemic in South Africa and clear evidence that testing older persons (over age 50) is necessary, very little is known about the circumstances under which older persons test for HIV or their motivations for doing so...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683382/public-health-system-delivered-mental-health-preventive-care-links-to-significant-reduction-of-health-care-costs
#17
Jie Chen, Priscilla Novak, Howard Goldman
The objective was to estimate the association between health care expenditures and implementation of preventive mental health programs by local health departments (LHDs). Multilevel nationally representative data sets were linked to test the hypothesis that LHDs' provision of preventive mental health programs was associated with cost savings. A generalized linear model with log link and gamma distribution and state-fixed effects was used to estimate the association between LHDs' mental illness prevention services and total health care expenditures per person per year for adults aged 18 years and older...
April 23, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683252/decreasing-rates-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-spain-2004-2015
#18
M Masiá, S Padilla, J A García, J I Bernardino, A A Campins, V Asensi, F Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVES: Contemporary data from country-wide cohorts are needed to reveal trends in the occurrence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in people living with HIV (PLWH). We analysed time trends in the standardized incidence rate (sIR) of AMI in PLWH in Spain from 2004 to 2015, and compared them with trends in the general population. METHODS: A longitudinal study in a nationwide contemporary multicentre HIV-infected cohort was carried out. Data on all incident AMI events were collected, and age- and sex-standardized IRs calculated...
April 23, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683204/oral-status-cognitive-function-and-dependency-among-new-zealand-nursing-home-residents
#19
William M Thomson, Moira B Smith, Catherine Anna Ferguson, Ngaire M Kerse, Kathryn Peri, Barry Gribben
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical oral disease and its association with cognitive function and dependency among older New Zealanders in residential aged care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National survey of oral health in aged residential care throughout New Zealand. We classified residents into 1 of 3 levels of care: "low dependency care (or assisted living)"; "high dependency care"; or "specialist dementia care/psychogeriatric care." The Abbreviated Mental Test characterised cognitive function as "unimpaired" (scores of 7-10), "moderately impaired" (4-6) or "severely impaired" (0-3)...
April 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681256/carer-and-clinician-perceptions-of-the-use-of-emergency-medical-services-by-people-with-dementia-a-qualitative-study
#20
Sarah Voss, Janet Brandling, Sarah Black, Rik Cheston, Sarah Cullum, Steve Iliffe, Sarah Purdy, Jonathan Benger
A growing number of older people are accessing emergency medical services (EMS), and many calls to EMS are made by, or on behalf of, people with dementia. Their needs are frequently complex; however, EMS staff are often given minimal guidance on ensuring patient safety, accurate diagnosis, and timely transfer to the most appropriate care. This study aimed to qualitatively explore the EMS experiences of carers for people with dementia and assess the views of EMS staff on the management of dementia, using focus groups and interviews...
April 23, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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