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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731871/online-family-problem-solving-for-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-influences-of-parental-marital-status-and-participation-on-adolescent-outcomes
#1
Stacey P Raj, Nanhua Zhang, Michael W Kirkwood, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Tanya M Brown, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To examine the moderating effects of parent marital status and participation on efficacy of an online family problem-solving intervention for pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Participants were 132 adolescents (12-17 years) who had sustained a recent (<6 months) TBI and their parents. Participants were randomly assigned to the intervention (Counselor-Assisted Problem Solving, CAPS) or an Internet resource comparison (IRC) condition. CAPS was designed to support families in the initial phase following TBI, by teaching problem-solving skills and addressing common challenges...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731583/the-effectiveness-of-transcutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation-ttns-for-adults-with-overactive-bladder-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Joanne Booth, Lesley Connelly, Sylvia Dickson, Fiona Duncan, Maggie Lawrence
AIMS: To evaluate effectiveness of transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) for treating adults with overactive bladder (OAB) of idiopathic or neurogenic origin, using a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: Systematic searches of four databases were undertaken between 1980 and 2017. Included studies investigated effects of TTNS on OAB. Study selection, data extraction, quality appraisal was performed by two independent reviewers. Narrative analysis was undertaken where meta-analysis was not possible due to study heterogeneity...
July 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731385/kids-sip-smarter-a-feasibility-study-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-middle-school-youth-in-central-appalachia
#3
Hannah Lane, Kathleen J Porter, Erin Hecht, Priscilla Harris, Vivica Kraak, Jamie Zoellner
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility of Kids SIP smartER, a school-based intervention to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). DESIGN: Matched-contact randomized crossover study with mixed-methods analysis. SETTING: One middle school in rural, Appalachian Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-four sixth and seventh graders (5 classrooms) received Kids SIP smartER in random order over 2 intervention periods. Feasibility outcomes were assessed among 2 teachers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731383/training-employers-to-implement-health-promotion-programs-results-from-the-cdc-work-health%C3%A2-program
#4
Laurie A Cluff, Jason E Lang, Jennifer R Rineer, Nkenge H Jones-Jack, Karen M Strazza
PURPOSE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) initiated the Work@Health Program to teach employers how to improve worker health using evidence-based strategies. Program goals included (1) determining the best way(s) to deliver employer training, (2) increasing employers' knowledge of workplace health promotion (WHP), and (3) increasing the number of evidence-based WHP interventions at employers' worksites. This study is one of the few to examine the effectiveness of a program designed to train employers how to implement WHP programs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731374/trait-emotional-intelligence-related-to-bullying-in-elementary-school-children-and-to-victimization-in-boys
#5
Andrew A Peachey, Jeanne Wenos, Stephanie Baller
While Healthy People 2020 calls for a reduction of bullying among high school students as a public health priority, earlier intervention supported by Occupational Therapists may be warranted. The current study investigated the prevalence of bullying behaviors within an elementary school, compared the experiences of victims with those of perpetrators, and determined when and for whom Trait Emotional Intelligence is a predictor of bullying and victimization. Elementary school children ( n = 235) in Grades 3 to 5 completed the Forms of Bullying Scale-Victim, the Forms of Bullying Scale-Perpetrator, and the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Child Short Form...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730967/microglia-and-astrocytes-in-alzheimer-s-disease-implications-for-therapy
#6
Marc Fakhoury
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the progressive loss of neurons, which typically leads to severe impairments in cognitive functions including memory and learning. Key pathological features of this disease include the deposition of highly insoluble amyloid β peptide and the formation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in the brain. Over the past few years, mounting evidence has implicated sustained glial-mediated inflammation as a major contributor of the neurodegenerative processes and cognitive deficits observed in AD...
July 19, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730841/effectiveness-of-a-worksite-intervention-for-male-construction-workers-on-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-body-mass-index-and-health-outcomes-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Laura Viester, Evert A L M Verhagen, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored intervention for improvement in lifestyle behavior, health indicators, and prevention and reduction of overweight among construction workers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Various blue-collar departments of a large construction company in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Blue-collar workers randomized to an intervention (n = 162) or a control group (n = 152)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730160/epigenetic-interactions-between-alcohol-and-cannabinergic-effects-focus-on-histone-modification-and-dna-methylation
#8
Tiyash Parira, Alejandra Laverde, Marisela Agudelo
Epigenetic studies have led to a more profound understanding of the mechanisms involved in chronic conditions. In the case of alcohol addiction, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 16 million adults suffer from Alcohol Use Disorders (AUDs). Even though therapeutic interventions like behavioral therapy and medications to prevent relapse are currently available, no robust cure exists, which stems from the lack of understanding the mechanisms of action of alcohol and the lack of development of precision medicine approaches to treat AUDs...
April 2017: Journal of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729888/social-brain-circuitry-and-social-cognition-in-infants-born-preterm
#9
REVIEW
Angela Fenoglio, Michael K Georgieff, Jed T Elison
Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk of adverse neurologic, psychiatric, and cognitive outcomes. The brain circuits involved in processing social information are critical to all of these domains, but little work has been done to examine whether and how these circuits may be especially sensitive to prematurity. This paper contains a brief summary of some of the cognitive, psychiatric, and social outcomes associated with prematurity, followed by a description of findings from the modest body of research into social-cognitive development in infants and children born preterm...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729846/what-s-new-in-addiction-prevention-in-young-people-a-literature-review-of-the-last-years-of-research
#10
REVIEW
Cédric Kempf, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Frank Pizon, Georges Brousse, Valentin Flaudias
Rationale: Addiction prevention is a major public health problem, particularly concerning young people. Despite the consensus that primary prevention is essential, the evaluation of its impact is questioned. Objective: The objective of this paper is to assess the latest knowledge of addiction prevention programs for young people. Method: Review a collection of research articles using a keyword-based search on three databases: Pubmed, Eric, and PsycInfo. The research was carried out using three groups of keywords and the eligibility study was completed using two criteria: articles published between 2010 and 2017, and articles in refereed journals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729215/development-of-the-parent-responses-to-school-functioning-questionnaire
#11
Brittany N Barber Garcia, Laura S Gray, Laura E Simons, Deirdre E Logan
Parents play an important role in supporting school functioning in youth with chronic pain, but no validated tools exists to assess parental responses to child and adolescent pain behaviors in the school context. Such a tool would be useful in identifying targets of change to reduce pain-related school impairment. The goal of this study was to develop and preliminarily validate the Parent Responses to School Functioning (PRSF) Questionnaire, a parent self-report measure of this construct. After initial expert review and pilot testing, the measure was administered to 418 parents of children (ages 6-17) seen for initial multidisciplinary chronic pain clinic evaluation...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728775/mexican-adolescents-self-reports-of-parental-monitoring-and-sexual-communication-for-prevention-of-sexual-risk-behavior
#12
Sandra Paloma Esparza Dávila, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Maria Guadalupe Moreno Monsiváis, Marlene Tovar, Maria Luisa Flores Arias
PURPOSE: Assess perceptions of parental monitoring and sexual communication for sexual health promotion among adolescents who are Mexican. DESIGN AND METHODS: Adolescents (N=153, n=85 females, n=68 males) between 14years (n=80) and 15 years (n=73) were recruited at a public high school in Monterrey in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. All participants were living with a parent(s). Descriptive statistical analyses were conducted to assess sociodemographic characteristics of the group...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728766/assessment-of-safe-sleep-validation-of-the-parent-newborn-sleep-safety-survey
#13
Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Rosemary Nabaweesi, Alison Rose Caballero, Samantha Hope Mullins, Beverly Kaye Miller, Mary Elizabeth Aitken
PURPOSE: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and suffocation account for more than half of all Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID). The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations describe the safest environments to protect infants. This study compared parent responses on the Newborn Sleep Safety Survey and observational assessments (N=72) of infant sleep environments in families thought to be at high-risk for non-compliance with AAP recommendations. DESIGN AND METHODS: A naturalistic study of participants enrolled in two home visitation support programs was used...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728674/utilizing-trauma-admissions-as-an-opportunity-to-identify-developmental-and-behavioral-concerns
#14
Stephanie K Serres, Catherine Chen
BACKGROUND: Developmental and behavioral problems are often underdiagnosed in the pediatric population, and are risk factors for injury from trauma. Early intervention for these concerns yields improved outcomes. No prior research has screened for these difficulties during pediatric trauma admissions. METHODS: The current study utilized "The Survey of Wellbeing of Young Children" (SWYC) to assess for possible areas of concern by parent report. Concerns were compared to the presence of screening documented in their pediatrician's last well-child visit note...
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728646/efficacy-of-naltrexone-for-the-treatment-of-alcohol-dependence-in-latino-populations
#15
Cristina M López, Simone C Barr, Kathryn Reid-Quiñones, Michael A de Arellano
OBJECTIVE: Naltrexone has been identified as a promising psychopharmacological treatment for alcohol dependence. Previous studies have suggested that its efficacy may vary based on ethnic background. The current study examined the efficacy of naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence in Latino adults, a previously unexplored population. METHOD: This was a secondary analysis of the Combined Pharmacotherapies and Behavioral Interventions for Alcohol Dependence (COMBINE) Study...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728548/social-brain-circuitry-and-social-cognition-in-infants-born-preterm
#16
REVIEW
Angela Fenoglio, Michael K Georgieff, Jed T Elison
Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk of adverse neurologic, psychiatric, and cognitive outcomes. The brain circuits involved in processing social information are critical to all of these domains, but little work has been done to examine whether and how these circuits may be especially sensitive to prematurity. This paper contains a brief summary of some of the cognitive, psychiatric, and social outcomes associated with prematurity, followed by a description of findings from the modest body of research into social-cognitive development in infants and children born preterm...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728212/men-s-information-seeking-behaviour-regarding-cancer-risk-and-screening-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Preventive strategies are known to reduce cancer risk and incidence and improve prognosis. Men seldom seek medical information about cancer prevention and risk reduction. The aim of this meta-narrative systematic review was to critically appraise evidence from qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies that explored men's information-seeking behaviours in relation to cancer prevention and risk reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Education Full Text, and ERIC were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 1(st) 2006 and May 30(th) 2016...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727950/sociodemographic-characteristics-and-health-outcomes-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-u-s-adults-using-healthy-people-2020-leading-health-indicators
#18
Mitchell R Lunn, Wanjun Cui, Matthew M Zack, William W Thompson, Michael B Blank, Baligh R Yehia
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize the sociodemographic characteristics of sexual minority (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual) adults and compare sexual minority and heterosexual populations on nine Healthy People 2020 leading health indicators (LHIs). METHODS: Using a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey (National Health Interview Survey 2013-2015) of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population (228,893,944 adults), nine Healthy People 2020 LHIs addressing health behaviors and access to care, stratified using a composite variable of sex (female, male) and sexual orientation (gay or lesbian, bisexual, heterosexual), were analyzed individually and in aggregate...
July 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727935/food-addiction-a-barrier-for-effective-weight-management-for-obese-adolescents
#19
Connie L Tompkins, Jennifer Laurent, David W Brock
BACKGROUND: Findings from studies of food addiction in adults suggest those with food addiction are less successful in weight-loss interventions. Little is known about food addiction in obesity treatment-seeking adolescents; therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of food addiction and correlates of food addiction symptoms in obese adolescents entering an outpatient, weight management program. METHODS: Obese adolescents (n = 26) were administered the Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C), measures of appetitive responsiveness, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) before and following a 12-week, outpatient, behavioral weight management program...
July 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727712/intervertebral-foramen-injection-of-ozone-relieves-mechanical-allodynia-and-enhances-analgesic-effect-of-gabapentin-in-animal-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#20
Wen-Jun Luo, Fan Yang, Fei Yang, Wei Sun, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Liang Wang, Fang-Fang Wu, Jiang-Lin Wang, Jia-Shuang Wang, Su-Min Guan, Jun Chen
BACKGROUND: In a 5-year follow-up study in a hospital in southern China, it was shown that intervertebral foramen (IVF) injection of ozone at the involved segmental levels could significantly alleviate paroxysmal spontaneous pain and mechanical allodynia in patients with chronic, intractable postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) and improve the quality of life. However, so far no proof-of-concept studies in animals have been available. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate whether IVF ozone has an analgesic effect on animal models of neuropathic and inflammatory pain...
July 2017: Pain Physician
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