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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346579/web-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-chronic-pain-patients-with-aberrant-drug-related-behavior-outcomes-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Honoria Guarino, Chunki Fong, Lisa A Marsch, Michelle C Acosta, Cassandra Syckes, Sarah K Moore, Ricardo A Cruciani, Russell K Portenoy, Dennis C Turk, Andrew Rosenblum
Objective: There is high unmet need for effective behavioral treatments for chronic pain patients at risk for or with demonstrated histories of opioid misuse. Despite growing evidence supporting technology-based delivery of self-management interventions for chronic pain, very few such programs target co-occurring chronic pain and aberrant drug-related behavior. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of a novel, web-based self-management intervention, grounded in cognitive behavior therapy, for chronic pain patients with aberrant drug-related behavior...
January 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#2
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346314/sustainable-transportation-attitudes-and-health-behavior-change-evaluation-of-a-brief-stage-targeted-video-intervention
#3
Norbert Mundorf, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva
Promoting physical activity and sustainable transportation is essential in the face of rising health care costs, obesity rates, and other public health threats resulting from lack of physical activity. Targeted communications can encourage distinct population segments to adopt active and sustainable transportation modes. Our work is designed to promote the health, social, and environmental benefits of sustainable/active transportation (ST) using the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM), which has been successfully applied to a range of health, and more recently, sustainability behaviors...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345866/cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-depression-awareness-assessment-and-management
#4
REVIEW
Larry Culpepper, Raymond W Lam, Roger S McIntyre
​​ Cognitive impairment is a common, often persistent, symptom of major depressive disorder (MDD) that is disproportionately represented in patients who have not returned to full psychosocial functioning. The ultimate goal of treatment in depression is full functional recovery, and assessing patients for cognitive impairment and selecting treatments that address cognitive dysfunction should lead to improved functional outcomes. Unfortunately, many clinicians use screening and assessment tools that are not suited for measuring cognitive impairment in patients with depression...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345848/economic-evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-internet-based-guided-self-help-for-binge-eating-disorder
#5
Hans-Helmut König, Florian Bleibler, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Stephan Herpertz, Tony Lam, Andreas Mayr, Frauke Schmidt, Jennifer Svaldi, Stephan Zipfel, Christian Brettschneider, Anja Hilbert, Martina de Zwaan, Nina Egger
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of individual face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) compared to therapist guided Internet-based self-help (GSH-I) in overweight or obese adults with binge-eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Analysis was conducted alongside the multicenter randomized controlled INTERBED trial. CBT (n = 76) consisted of up to 20 individual therapy sessions over 4 months. GSH-I (n = 71) consisted of 11 modules combining behavioral interventions, exercises including a self-monitoring food diary, psychoeducation, and 2 face-to-face coaching sessions over 4 months...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345528/linguistic-analysis-of-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#6
Anke R Sonnenschein, Stefan G Hofmann, Tobias Ziegelmayer, Wolfgang Lutz
We analyzed the verbal behavior of patients with mood or/and anxiety disorders during psychotherapy. Investigating the words people used, we expected differences due to cognitive and emotional foci in patients with depression vs. anxiety. Transcripts of therapy sessions from 85 outpatients treated with cognitive behavioral therapy were analyzed using the software program Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count. Multivariate group comparisons were carried out investigating the LIWC-categories first-person-singular pronouns, sad, anxiety and fillers...
January 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345005/-there-s-no-acknowledgement-of-what-this-does-to-people-a-qualitative-exploration-of-mental-health-among-parents-of-children-with-critical-congenital-heart-defects
#7
Sarah Woolf-King, Emily Arnold, Sandra Weiss, David Teitel
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological impact of parenting a child with a critical congenital heart defect (CHD), and the feasibility and acceptability of integrating psychological services into pediatric cardiology care. BACKGROUND: Children with critical CHD are at an increased risk for long-term behavioral, social, and emotional difficulties. Data suggest that this risk is partially attributable to parental mental health, which is a stronger predictor of long-term behavioral problems in CHD children than disease-specific and surgical factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344974/utilizing-selected-social-determinants-and-behaviors-to-predict-obesity-in-military-personnel
#8
Gordon F West, Diana D Jeffery
OBJECTIVE: Like the general population, the military is experiencing an increase in the number of obese personnel. This study aimed to identify predictors of obesity by assessing social determinants of health and behaviors in relation to Body Mass Index (BMI), and to use these variables to build a model to predict obesity in Active Duty Military Personnel (ADMP). Predicting obesity would allow early intervention of at risk personnel, potentially reducing the number of ADMP who are separated from the service for failing to meet weight standards...
January 18, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344773/beyond-content-cultural-perspectives-on-using-the-internet-to-deliver-a-sexual-health-intervention-to-american-indian-youth
#9
Kirsten J Black, Bradley Morse, Nicole Tuitt, CeCe Big Crow, Carly Shangreau, Carol E Kaufman
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) youth are characterized by high rates of pregnancy and risky sexual behavior. Reaching these youth with culturally appropriate interventions is difficult due to geographic dispersion and cultural isolation. Online interventions can provide opportunities for reaching and engaging AIAN youth. However, electronic interventions are also impersonal and this can be culturally incongruous for AIANs and other populations for whom traditional ceremonies, practices and patterns of interpersonal communication are central...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344558/therapeutic-potential-of-bleomycin-plus-suicide-or-interferon-%C3%AE-gene-transfer-combination-for-spontaneous-feline-and-canine-melanoma
#10
Lucrecia Agnetti, Chiara Fondello, Marcela S Villaverde, Gerardo C Glikin, Liliana M E Finocchiaro
We originated and characterized melanoma cell lines derived from tumors of two feline and two canine veterinary patients. These lines reestablished the morphology, physiology and cell heterogeneity of their respective parental tumors. We evaluated the cytotoxicity of bleomycin (BLM) alone, or combined with interferon-β (IFN-β) or HSVtk/GCV suicide gene (SG) lipofection on these cells. Although the four animals presented stage III disease (WHO system), SG treated feline tumors displayed stable disease in vivo, while the canine ones exhibited partial response...
November 2017: Oncoscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344342/frontotemporal-dementia-latest-evidence-and-clinical-implications
#11
REVIEW
Juan Joseph Young, Mallika Lavakumar, Deena Tampi, Silpa Balachandran, Rajesh R Tampi
Background: Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) describes a cluster of neurocognitive syndromes that present with impairment of executive functioning, changes in behavior, and a decrease in language proficiency. FTD is the second most common form of dementia in those younger than 65 years and is expected to increase in prevalence as the population ages. This goal in our review is to describe advances in the understanding of neurobiological pathology, classification, assessment, and treatment of FTD syndromes...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343963/physical-factors-that-influence-patients-privacy-perception-toward-a-psychiatric-behavioral-monitoring-system-a-qualitative-study
#12
Nasriah Zakaria, Rusyaizila Ramli
Background: Psychiatric patients have privacy concerns when it comes to technology intervention in the hospital setting. In this paper, we present scenarios for psychiatric behavioral monitoring systems to be placed in psychiatric wards to understand patients' perception regarding privacy. Psychiatric behavioral monitoring refers to systems that are deemed useful in measuring clinical outcomes, but little research has been done on how these systems will impact patients' privacy. Methods: We conducted a case study in one teaching hospital in Malaysia...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343961/receiver-operating-characteristic-curve-analysis-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-and-teacher-s-report-form-for-assessing-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-preschool-aged-children
#13
Tiago S Bara, Antonio C Farias, Erico Pg Felden, Mara L Cordeiro
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social, behavioral, and communication impairments with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 68 school-aged children. There is a need for objective and easily applicable instruments for early identification of autistic children to enable initiation of early interventions during a very sensitive period of brain development and, consequently, optimize prognosis. Here, we tested the utility of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Caregiver-Teacher's Report Form (C-TRF) scales for assessing ASD in Brazil, where ASD screening research is emergent...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343842/leptin-resistance-was-involved-in-susceptibility-to-overweight-in-the-striped-hamster-re-fed-with-high-fat-diet
#14
Ying Zhao, Li-Bing Chen, Si-Si Mao, Hong-Xia Min, Jing Cao
Food restriction (FR) is the most commonly used intervention to prevent the overweight. However, the lost weight is usually followed by "compensatory growth" when FR ends, resulting in overweight. The present study was aimed to examining the behavior patterns and hormones mechanisms underpinning the over-weight. Energy budget and body fat content, and several endocrine markers related to leptin signals were examined in the striped hamsters under 20% FR refed by either low-fat diet (LF group) or high-fat diet (HF group)...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343813/the-drosophila-gr28bd-product-is-a-non-specific-cation-channel-that-can-be-used-as-a-novel-thermogenetic-tool
#15
Aditi Mishra, Autoosa Salari, Benton R Berigan, Kayla C Miguel, Marzie Amirshenava, Abbey Robinson, Benjamin C Zars, Jenna L Lin, Lorin S Milescu, Mirela Milescu, Troy Zars
Extrinsic control of single neurons and neuronal populations is a powerful approach for understanding how neural circuits function. Adding new thermogenetic tools to existing optogenetic and other forms of intervention will increase the complexity of questions that can be addressed. A good candidate for developing new thermogenetic tools is the Drosophila gustatory receptor family, which has been implicated in high-temperature avoidance behavior. We examined the five members of the Gr28b gene cluster for temperature-dependent properties via three approaches: biophysical characterization in Xenopus oocytes, functional calcium imaging in Drosophila motor neurons, and behavioral assays in adult Drosophila...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343462/a-tailored-web-based-advice-tool-for-skiers-and-snowboarders-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Ellen Kemler, Vincent Gouttebarge
BACKGROUND: Being active in sports has many positive health effects. The direct effects of engaging in regular physical activity are particularly apparent in the prevention of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, and osteoporosis. Besides the beneficial health effects of being active, sports participation is unfortunately also associated with a risk of injuries. In the case of many sports injuries (eg, winter sports) preventive measures are not compulsory, which means that a behavioral change in sports participants is necessary to increase the use of effective measures, and subsequently prevent or reduce injuries in sports...
January 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342310/temporal-trends-of-sources-of-cigarettes-among-u-s-high-school-students-2001-2015
#17
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
Introduction: Restricting the supply of cigarettes to youth plays an important role in reducing youth smoking. Methods: The study included data from 8 years of the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) from 2001 to 2015 with 99,572 high school students less than 18 years old. Data were weighted to provide national estimates of the temporal trends of cigarette sources. Each cigarette source was analyzed by a separate multivariable logistic regression model and the linear trend odds ratio (aOR) was adjusted by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and smoking frequency...
January 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342261/prevalence-of-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-associated-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northern-greece
#18
Ioannis Tsakiridis, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Georgios Papazisis, Stamatios Petousis, Athanasia Liozidou, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
Background: Many pregnant women smoke despite the extensive data available on the detrimental perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy and to identify the factors associated with smoking among pregnant women in Northern Greece. Methods: A sample of pregnant women (mean gestational age: 12.6 weeks) participated in a cross-sectional study assessing the prevalence of smoking. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the factors associated with their smoking behavior...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341974/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-continuing-methadone-maintenance-treatment-during-incarceration-compared-with-forced-withdrawal
#19
Kelly E Moore, Lindsay Oberleitner, Kathryn M Z Smith, Kathleen Maurer, Sherry A McKee
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is underutilized in correctional settings, and those receiving MMT in the community often undergo withdrawal upon incarceration. Federal and state regulations present barriers to providing methadone in correctional facilities. For this investigation, a community provider administered methadone to inmates who had been receiving methadone prior to incarceration. We hypothesized that inmates continued on MMT would have improved behavior during incarceration and post-release...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340913/a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-novel-behavioral-intervention-for-chronic-pain-tailored-to-individuals-with-hiv
#20
Jessica S Merlin, Andrew O Westfall, Dustin Long, Susan Davies, Michael Saag, William Demonte, Sarah Young, Robert D Kerns, Matthew J Bair, Stefan Kertesz, Janet M Turan, Meredith Kilgore, Olivio J Clay, Joanna Starrels, Dorothy Pekmezi, Mallory O Johnson
Chronic pain is an important and understudied comorbidity in people living with HIV (PLWH). We conducted a pilot trial of Skills TO Manage Pain (STOMP), an innovative social cognitive theory-based pain self-management intervention tailored to PLWH, to assess feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy. Eligibility criteria included being HIV+, ≥ moderate pain for ≥ 3 months and a score of ≥ 4 on the three-item PEG pain severity and interference scale. Participants were randomized in a 1:1 fashion to STOMP or a usual care comparison...
January 16, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
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