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psychology cancer

M Renovanz, A-K Hickmann, J Coburger, K Kohlmann, M Janko, A-K Reuter, N Keric, M Nadji-Ohl, J König, S Singer, A Giese, M Hechtner
Neuro-oncological patients experience high symptom and psychosocial burden. The aim was to test feasibility and practicability of the Supportive Care Needs Survey Short Form (SCNS-SF34-G) and the SCNS-Screening Tool (SCNS-ST9) to assess supportive care needs of neuro-oncological patients in clinical routine. A total of 173 patients, most with a primary diagnosis of high-grade glioma (81%), were assessed first using SCNS-SF34-G in comparison to two well-established patient-reported outcome measures, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQC30 + QLQ-BN20) and Distress Thermometer (DT)...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
S C Agasi-Idenburg, M S Y Thong, C J A Punt, M M Stuiver, N K Aaronson
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most frequently reported symptoms in cancer survivors. To be able to optimally treat CRF, knowledge of symptoms that interact with CRF is helpful. During aging, changes occur in body composition with progressive deterioration in physiological functions and metabolic processes causing a decline of adaptive capacity. Therefore, symptoms caused by cancer and its treatment might coexist in different symptom clusters in older cancer survivors, compared to younger survivors...
October 21, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Ping Wang, Tao Yu, Lin Yang
Web-based-remote (WBR) intervention is a new approach that incorporates smart control technology and modern medicine to monitor patient compliance. It is based on computer control and communication technology. This study is to explore the benefits of WBR psychological intervention for cancer treatment. 128 patients diagnosed with cancer by Pathology Department of our hospital between 1 February 2013 and 1 August 2013 were included. Patients were randomly assigned to intervention and control group (n = 64)...
October 21, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Anna Lloyd, Marilyn Kendall, John M Starr, Scott A Murray
BACKGROUND: The experiences of people with cancer and organ disease have been described across different dimensions of need as they approach death. Such information is lacking for frail older people approaching death, but could highlight how a palliative approach might be relevant for this population. METHODS: Cognitively intact, community dwelling adults considered to be moderately or severely frail were recruited from a medical day hospital. Those recruited nominated an informal carer and case-linked professional...
October 20, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
Jung-Won Lim
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to (1) identify the occurrence of comorbidities among Chinese- and Korean-American breast cancer survivors (BCS), (2) examine whether health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores varied with the occurrence of specific comorbidities, and (3) investigate the mediating effect of comorbidities on the relationship between life stress and HRQOL. DESIGN: Data were drawn from the parent study, a cross-sectional study investigating HRQOL in 86 Chinese- and 71 Korean-American BCS in Southern California...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Nora K Horick, Adoma Manful, Jan Lowery, Susan Domchek, Patricia Moorman, Constance Griffin, Kala Visvanathan, Claudine Isaacs, Anita Y Kinney, Dianne M Finkelstein
PURPOSE: Registries provide a unique tool for tracking quality of life in rare cancer survivors, whose survivorship experience is less known than for common cancers. This paper reports on these outcomes in 321 patients enrolled in the Rare Cancer Genetics Registry diagnosed with rare gastrointestinal, genitourinary, gynecologic, sarcoma, head/neck, or hematologic cancers. METHODS: Four outcomes were assessed, reflecting registrants' self-reported physical and mental health, psychological distress, and loneliness...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
David Graham, Gideon Lipman, Vinay Sehgal, Laurence B Lovat
The landscape for patients with Barrett's oesophagus (BE) has changed significantly in the last decade. Research and new guidelines have helped gastroenterologists to better identify those patients with BE who are particularly at risk of developing oesophageal adenocarcinoma. In parallel, developments in endoscopic image enhancement technology and optical biopsy techniques have improved our ability to detect high-risk lesions. Once these lesions have been identified, the improvements in minimally invasive endoscopic therapies has meant that these patients can potentially be cured of early cancer and high-risk dysplastic lesions without the need for surgery, which still has a significant morbidity and mortality...
October 2016: Frontline Gastroenterology
Majid Barati, Mohammad Ali Amirzargar, Saeed Bashirian, Vahid Kafami, Amir Abbas Mousali, Babak Moeini
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide and is the second most lethal cancer. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate psychological predictors of prostate cancer screening behaviors among men over 50 years of age in Hamadan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 200 men over 50 years of age in Hamadan, west of Iran. Participants were recruited with a cluster sampling method...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Abdulaziz Aflakseir, Safoora Nowroozi, Javad Mollazadeh, Mohammad Ali Goodarzi
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to positive psychological change experienced as a result of the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances. PTG in cancer survivors is related to several psychosocial factors such as psychological hardiness and marital satisfaction. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the prediction of posttraumatic growth based on psychological hardiness and marital satisfaction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 women with breast cancer were recruited from several hospitals in Isfahan using convenience sampling...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Motohiro Matoba
The newly revised 2014 Set of Standards for"Designated Cancer Care Hospitals"mandated the screening of all cancer patients6 for their physical and psychological suffering systematically in both outpatient and inpatient settings as well as rapid response to the suffering detected. It is a step forward as a cancer control policy, but because the pain associated with cancer changes by time depending on factors such as disease progression and treatment, it must be evaluated repeatedly. Simply complying with the standard by measuring once, say on admission or at the initial visit, will not help patients...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Sarah M Belcher, Emilie A Hausmann, Susan M Cohen, Heidi S Donovan, Elizabeth A Schlenk
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of multiple primary cancers (MPC) is increasing, but little is known about psychological distress in this population. The purpose of this study is to review and synthesize the literature regarding what is known about psychological distress in adults who have experienced MPC diagnoses. METHODS: All potentially eligible studies identified in PubMed and CINAHL were reviewed by two independent evaluators, and each relevant article was assessed for methodological quality...
October 18, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Brian D Gonzalez, Sharon L Manne, Jerod Stapleton, Shannon Myers-Virtue, Melissa Ozga, David Kissane, Carolyn Heckman, Mark Morgan
PURPOSE: The course of quality of life after diagnosis of gynecologic cancer is not well understood. We aimed to identify subgroups of gynecologic cancer patients with distinct trajectories of quality of life outcomes in the 18-month period after diagnosis. We also aimed to determine whether these subgroups could be distinguished by predictors derived from Social-Cognitive Processing Theory. METHODS: Gynecologic cancer patients randomized to usual care as part of a psychological intervention trial (NCT01951807) reported on depressed mood, quality of life, and physical impairment soon after diagnosis and at five additional assessments ending 18 months after baseline...
October 19, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Anshu K Jain, Mary L Fennell, Anees B Chagpar, Hannah K Connolly, Ingrid M Nembhard
Effective communication is a requirement in the teamwork necessary for improved coordination to deliver patient-centered, value-based cancer care. Communication is particularly important when care providers are geographically distributed or work across organizations. We review organizational and teams research on communication to highlight psychological safety as a key determinant of high-quality communication within teams. We first present the concept of psychological safety, findings about its communication effects for teamwork, and factors that affect it...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
Eun-Jung Shim, Jee Eun Park, Myungsun Yi, Dooyoung Jung, Kwang-Min Lee, Bong-Jin Hahm
BACKGROUND: Doctor-patient communication is a crucial aspect of patient care. This study explored the communication experience of patients in a cancer consultation over the course of the cancer continuum. METHODS: In-depth interviews with seven breast cancer patients were carried out. RESULTS: Themes related to communication experiences across the five phases of cancer consultation, from diagnosis to recurrence, were identified. The most salient issue is that patients also perceived cancer as 'a disease of the mind', which is not adequately cared for in consultation...
October 18, 2016: BMC Women's Health
Cheryl K Altice, Matthew P Banegas, Reginald D Tucker-Seeley, K Robin Yabroff
BACKGROUND: With rising cancer care costs, including high-priced cancer drugs, financial hardship is increasingly documented among cancer survivors in the United States; research findings have not been synthesized. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published between 1990 and 2015 describing the financial hardship experienced by cancer survivors using PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and CINAHL databases. We categorized measures of financial hardship into: material conditions (eg, out-of-pocket costs, productivity loss, medical debt, or bankruptcy), psychological responses (eg, distress or worry), and coping behaviors (eg, skipped medications)...
February 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Jennifer Muir, Melyssa Aronson, Mary-Jane Esplen, Aaron Pollett, Carol J Swallow
BACKGROUND: Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) syndrome is caused by germline mutations in the CDH1 gene and carries a lifetime gastric cancer risk of approximately 70 % in men and 56 % in women. Current consensus guidelines recommend that people of age ≥20 who harbor a CDH1 mutation undergo prophylactic total gastrectomy (PTG). However, the decision to proceed with a major visceral resection for prophylactic reasons may be difficult, especially since long-term outcomes are not well defined...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Lorna Awo Renner, Deborah McGill
BACKGROUND: Developing countries such as Ghana have very poor childhood cancer survival rates. There is a need to determine reasons for late presentation and treatment abandonment which are major causes of poor survival. Understanding these issues could inform effective strategies for childhood cancer control in resource-constrained settings. AIM: To explore factors influencing parental decision-making for children with cancer in Ghana with regard to health seeking and retention in treatment, in order to provide information that will guide Public Health interventions for childhood cancer control...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Joan Nee Wey Khng, Ivan Mun Hong Woo, Gilbert Fan
Cancer tends to have an impact on a person's psychological and social well-being. Group work is one approach that can help manage the psychosocial impact of cancer. Group interventions for people living with cancer have existed for a number of decades with a majority of them adopting the cognitive-behavioral approach. While this approach has been found to be efficacious, it may be limited for people who prefer acts of service and metaphors. This article describes an experiential approach to group intervention, an alternative to cognitive-behavioral groups...
October 18, 2016: Future Oncology
Alex King
The acceptance and provision of psychosocial cancer care in the UK is moving forward positively, aided by patient advocacy and psychologically minded healthcare policies. The unfolding challenge now is of targeting the quality and outcomes of clinical psycho-oncology services. This report outlines the clinically led development of UK-focused guidance to challenge psycho-oncology services to achieve and demonstrate their potential. It discusses how the guidance was particularly framed to encourage small, low-resource services, and outlines the potential benefits for patients...
October 18, 2016: Future Oncology
Colter D Ray, Alaina M Veluscek
Social support studies often focus on psychological outcomes for the support recipient and also presume potential support providers who will attempt to provide support in the first place. Therefore, the negative relational outcomes associated with not receiving emotional support when support is expected (nonsupport) are an understudied topic. Instances of nonsupport were compared to various emotional support messages on relational and psychological outcomes to understand how nonsupport compares against support messages of varying quality...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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