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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920484/psychological-effects-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-participants-vs-individuals-not-invited
#1
Benedicte Kirkøen, Paula Berstad, Edoardo Botteri, Linn Bernklev, Badboni El-Safadi, Geir Hoff, Thomas de Lange, Tomm Bernklev
AIM: To investigate the possible long-term psychological harm of participating in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in Norway. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized trial, 14294 participants (aged 50-74 years) were invited to either flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) screening, or a faecal immunochemical test (FIT) (1:1). In total, 4422 screening participants (32%) completed the questionnaire, which consisted of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the SF-12, a generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measurement, when invited to screening and one year after the invitation...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919514/the-psychological-impact-of-symptoms-related-to-esophagogastric-cancer-resection-presenting-in-primary-care-a-national-linked-database-study
#2
G Bouras, S R Markar, E M Burns, J R Huddy, A Bottle, T Athanasiou, A Darzi, G B Hanna
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate incidence, risk factors and impact of postoperative symptoms following esophagogastric cancer resection in primary care. METHODS: Patients undergoing esophagogastrectomy for cancer from 1998 to 2010 with linked records in Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Hospital Episodes Statistics and Office of National Statistics databases were studied. The recording of codes for reflux, dysphagia, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, dumping, diarrhea, steatorrhea, appetite loss, weight loss, pain and fatigue were identified up to 12 months postoperatively...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918712/cost-utility-of-stepped-care-targeting-psychological-distress-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-or-lung-cancer
#3
Femke Jansen, Anna M H Krebber, Veerle M H Coupé, Pim Cuijpers, Remco de Bree, Annemarie Becker-Commissaris, Egbert F Smit, Annemieke van Straten, Guus M Eeckhout, Aartjan T F Beekman, C René Leemans, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
Purpose A stepped care (SC) program in which an effective yet least resource-intensive treatment is delivered to patients first and followed, when necessary, by more resource-intensive treatments was found to be effective in improving distress levels of patients with head and neck cancer or lung cancer. Information on the value of this program for its cost is now called for. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the cost-utility of the SC program compared with care-as-usual (CAU) in patients with head and neck cancer or lung cancer who have psychological distress...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916515/oestrogen-and-anti-androgen-therapy-for-transgender-women
#4
REVIEW
Vin Tangpricha, Martin den Heijer
Transgender women experience lifelong gender dysphoria due to a gender assignment at birth that is incongruent with their gender identity. They often seek hormone therapy, with or without surgery, to improve their gender dysphoria and to better align their physical and psychological features with a more feminine gender role. Some of the desired physical changes from oestrogen and anti-androgen therapy include decreased body and facial hair, decreased muscle mass, breast growth, and redistribution of fat. Overall the risks of treatment are low, but include thromboembolism, the risk of which depends on the dose and route of oestrogen administration...
December 1, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916220/preventive-and-primary-care-for-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-patients
#5
REVIEW
Sarah R Floyd, Deidre M Pierce, Stephen A Geraci
Among the minorities underserved by today׳s healthcare system, the lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) population may be the least studied, and the least understood by healthcare providers. High-quality evidence is often lacking regarding optimal preventive care measures, both in medical areas that (to date) fail to identify differences in need between LGB and heterosexual patients, and in those more prevalent in or more specific (or both) to sexual minorities. Issues of substance abuse, sexual health and sexually transmitted diseases, obesity and other eating disorders, cardiovascular prevention, cancer prevention and screening, depression and other psychological disorders, social isolation and personal and intimate partner violence are all as or more important to address in LGB patients as they are in the general American population...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914568/motivations-of-patients-seeking-supportive-care-for-cancer-from-physicians%C3%A2-prescribing-homeopathic-or-conventional-medicines-results-of-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#6
Karine Danno, Aurélie Colas, Gilles Freyer, Jean-Paul Guastalla, Gérard Duru, Eric Musial, Vincent Libourel, Jean-Philippe Fendler, Jean-Louis Masson, Marie-France Bordet
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The motivations of patients who consult a homeopathic (GP-Ho) or conventional (GP-CM) general practitioner for supportive care during cancer treatment have not been widely studied. We investigated the reasons why cancer patients consult a GP-Ho versus a GP-CM for supportive care and the GPs' motivations for their prescriptions. METHODS: This observational survey was carried out in France between October 2008 and October 2011. GPs across France were randomly selected and asked to recruit four cancer patients each...
November 2016: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914469/predicting-general-and-cancer-related-distress-in-women-with-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer
#7
Andrea Gibbons, AnnMarie Groarke, Karl Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress can impact medical outcomes such as recovery from surgery and experience of side effects during treatment. Identifying the factors that explain variability in distress would guide future interventions aimed at decreasing distress. Two factors that have been implicated in distress are illness perceptions and coping, and are part of the Self-Regulatory Model of Illness Behaviour (SRM). The model suggests that coping mediates the relationship between illness perceptions and distress...
December 3, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913000/surgical-prehabilitation-in-patients-with-cancer-state-of-the-science-and-recommendations-for-future-research-from-a-panel-of-subject-matter-experts
#8
REVIEW
Francesco Carli, Julie K Silver, Liane S Feldman, Andrea McKee, Sean Gilman, Chelsia Gillis, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Ann Gamsa, Nicole Stout, Bradford Hirsch
This review by a 10-member panel of experts in surgical prehabilitation addresses processes that may improve oncologic care. Surgical prehabilitation is the process on the continuum of care that occurs between the time of cancer diagnosis and the beginning of surgical treatment. The panel focused on the current state-of-the-science and recommended future research that would help to identify the elements that enhance preoperative physical, nutritional, and psychological health in anticipation of surgery, mitigate the burden of disease, facilitate the return of patient health status to baseline values, decrease postoperative morbidity, and reduce health care costs...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912889/hormone-replacement-therapy-in-young-women-with-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-and-early-menopause
#9
REVIEW
Shannon D Sullivan, Philip M Sarrel, Lawrence M Nelson
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a rare but important cause of ovarian hormone deficiency and infertility in women. In addition to causing infertility, POI is associated with multiple health risks, including bothersome menopausal symptoms, decreased bone density and increased risk of fractures, early progression of cardiovascular disease, psychologic impact that may include depression, anxiety, and decreased perceived psychosocial support, potential early decline in cognition, and dry eye syndrome. Appropriate hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to replace premenopausal levels of ovarian sex steroids is paramount to increasing quality of life for women with POI and ameliorating associated health risks...
December 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910798/a-qualitative-study-of-women-who-experience-side-effects-from-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#10
Tina Sørensen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen
INTRODUCTION: In Denmark, vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is offered to girls and women to prevent cervical cancer. Unfortunately, reporting of possible side effects from vaccination has increased in recent years. Therefore, the present study examine women's experiences of side effects from the HPV vaccine. METHODS: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with eight HPV-vaccinated Danish women, aged 25-44 years, who experienced side effects from the vaccine...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909164/rapid-and-sustained-symptom-reduction-following-psilocybin-treatment-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Stephen Ross, Anthony Bossis, Jeffrey Guss, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Tara Malone, Barry Cohen, Sarah E Mennenga, Alexander Belser, Krystallia Kalliontzi, James Babb, Zhe Su, Patricia Corby, Brian L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant anxiety and depression are common in patients with cancer, and are associated with poor psychiatric and medical outcomes. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin to treat cancer-related anxiety and depression. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned and received treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906588/fertility-preservation-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-oncology-patients-the-decision-making-process-of-parents
#12
Nancy Li, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Matthew A Kemertzis, Paddy Moore, Michelle Peate
PURPOSE: Decisions surrounding fertility preservation (FP) in children, adolescents, and adults can be difficult due to the distress of a cancer diagnosis, time constraints for decision-making, and lack of efficacy data. This review examines the decision-making process of oncology patients and their parents (if patients are in the pediatric or adolescent population) to better understand experiences of decisional conflict and regret. METHODS: Two electronic databases, Embase and Pubmed, were searched using the terms (Decision-making OR Conflict (Psychology) OR Decision regret) AND (Freezing OR Oocyte OR Ovarian tissue OR Semen preservation OR Fertility preservation OR Cryopreservation) AND (Neoplasms OR Cancer OR Chemotherapy OR Drug therapy OR Radiotherapy)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904610/effects-of-air-pollution-on-human-health-and-practical-measures-for-prevention-in-iran
#13
REVIEW
Adel Ghorani-Azam, Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani, Mahdi Balali-Mood
Air pollution is a major concern of new civilized world, which has a serious toxicological impact on human health and the environment. It has a number of different emission sources, but motor vehicles and industrial processes contribute the major part of air pollution. According to the World Health Organization, six major air pollutants include particle pollution, ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and lead. Long and short term exposure to air suspended toxicants has a different toxicological impact on human including respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, neuropsychiatric complications, the eyes irritation, skin diseases, and long-term chronic diseases such as cancer...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900549/understanding-factors-influencing-physical-activity-and-exercise-in-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Catherine L Granger, Bronwen Connolly, Linda Denehy, Nicholas Hart, Phillip Antippa, Kuan-Yin Lin, Selina M Parry
PURPOSE: Despite evidence and clinical practice guidelines supporting physical activity (PA) for people with lung cancer, this evidence has not translated into clinical practice. This review aims to identify, evaluate and synthesise studies examining the barriers and enablers for patients with lung cancer to participate in PA from the perspective of patients, carers and health care providers (HCPs). METHODS: Systematic review of articles using electronic databases: MEDLINE (1950-2016), CINAHL (1982-2016), EMBASE (1980-2016), Scopus (2004-2016) and Cochrane (2016)...
November 29, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898511/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-cancer-related-cognitive-dysfunction
#15
Shelly Kucherer, Robert J Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide the reader with an overview of the cognitive-behavioral conceptualization of cancer-related cognitive dysfunction (CRCD) and how cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can play an important role in treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings show that Memory and Attention Adaptation Training (MAAT), a CBT developed to help cancer survivors develop adaptive skills to improve daily cognitive performance and emotional coping, may be an efficacious treatment of CRCD and can be delivered through videoconference technology to improve survivor access to care...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894012/depression-in-cancer-the-many-biobehavioral-pathways-driving-tumor-progression
#16
REVIEW
Beatrice Bortolato, Thomas N Hyphantis, Sara Valpione, Giulia Perini, Michael Maes, Gerwyn Morris, Marta Kubera, Cristiano A Köhler, Brisa S Fernandes, Brendon Stubbs, Nicholas Pavlidis, André F Carvalho
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is common among cancer patients, with prevalence rates up to four-times higher than the general population. Depression confers worse outcomes, including non-adherence to treatment and increased mortality in the oncology setting. Advances in the understanding of neurobiological underpinnings of depression have revealed shared biobehavioral mechanisms may contribute to cancer progression. Moreover, psychosocial stressors in cancer promote: (1) inflammation and oxidative/nitrosative stress; (2) a decreased immunosurveillance; and (3) a dysfunctional activation of the autonomic nervous system and of the hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal axis...
November 16, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892824/experiences-of-korean-mothers-of-children-with-cancer-a-photovoice-study
#17
Min Ah Kim, Jaehee Yi, Jina Sang, Soo Hyun Kim, InYoung Heo
Using Photovoice, a participatory action research methodology, we investigated Korean mothers' lives postdiagnosis of their child with cancer. Photovoice was used to understand the mothers' perceptions of how they have adapted to their children's illnesses. Five mothers of children with cancer participated in five sessions of the Photovoice project, during which they took and shared photographs and narratives about their experiences and joined weekly group discussions on their selected themes. The following themes and subthemes emerged: "What I would like to do (taking a break, socializing with friends, spending time with other family members, developing my career)," "My child and food (whatever my child wants to eat, love of family)," "My days for my child (doing what my child wants to do, being a playmate, changing for my child)," and "Power sources for me (family, courage of children, mom is strong, hope)...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891702/-facing-spousal-cancer-during-child-rearing-years-the-short-term-effects-of-the-cancer-pepsone-programme-a-single-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mette Senneseth, Atle Dyregrov, Jon Laberg, Stig B Matthiesen, Mariana Pereira, May A Hauken
OBJECTIVE: To measure the short-term effects of the Cancer-PEPSONE programme (CPP) on the partners' received and perceived social support, psychological distress and quality of life (QOL), as well as explore the role of received social support as a mediator of the intervention effects. METHODS: Open single-center randomized controlled trial, trial number 15982171(ISRCTN). Eligible participants were partners of cancer patients who were concomitantly caring for minors (the well parents)...
November 27, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891463/psychological-analysis-of-oral-cancer-patients-during-pre-operative-period-in-south-indian-population-a-prospective-quantitative-multicentre-study
#19
Prabhusankar Kamatchinathan, Nisharudeen Kaja, Varun Muthuraman, Yuvaraj Antharaju, Mahendra Kumar, Usha Varadharajan
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is prevalent worldwide with high incidence of mortality and morbidity. It is associated with poor prognosis and low survival rate. Moreover, patients affected are more likely to develop psychological issues and thus, addressing psychological needs of such patients is crucial. AIM: The aim of our study was to assess the quality of life of oral cancer patients in the pre-operative period, thereby providing them with the necessary psychological support...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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