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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107352/coping-well-with-advanced-cancer-a-serial-qualitative-interview-study-with-patients-and-family-carers
#1
Catherine Walshe, Diane Roberts, Lynda Appleton, Lynn Calman, Paul Large, Mari Lloyd-Williams, Gunn Grande
OBJECTIVES: To understand successful strategies used by people to cope well when living with advanced cancer; to explore how professionals can support effective coping strategies; to understand how to support development of effective coping strategies for patients and family carers. DESIGN: Qualitative serial (4-12 week intervals) interview study with people with advanced cancer and their informal carers followed by focus groups. The iterative design had a novel focus on positive coping strategies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105740/psychosocial-distress-in-haematological-cancer-survivors-an-integrative-review
#2
REVIEW
D Raphael, R Frey, M Gott
Haematological cancers are becoming more prevalent, however, survival is also increasing. Many survivors are faced with psychosocial issues after treatment ends, and they may not receive the support they need. This review aims to examine peer reviewed literature reporting psychosocial distress faced by haematological cancer survivors in the early post-treatment period. Database and hand searches were conducted between August and September 2015, with no year restriction. Eligible studies were those reporting on psychosocial sequelae in haematological cancer survivors up to 5 years post-treatment...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103181/positive-schemas-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-pediatric-cancer-a-pilot-study
#3
Brae Anne McArthur, Douglas Strother, Fiona Schulte
PURPOSE: Research in the area of pediatric oncology has shown that although some children and youth diagnosed with this disease cope adaptively after their diagnosis, others continue to have long-term psychosocial difficulties. The potential mechanisms that may protect against the experience of psychopathology and poor quality of life within this population are not well known. The purpose of this pilot study was to utilize a new comprehensive measure of positive schemas to better understand the relationship between positive schemas, quality of life, and psychopathology, for children on active treatment for cancer...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102909/the-effects-of-hospital-characteristics-on-delays-in-breast-cancer-diagnosis-in-appalachian-communities-a-population-based-study
#4
Christopher J Louis, Jonathan R Clark, Marianne M Hillemeier, Fabian Camacho, Nengliang Yao, Roger T Anderson
PURPOSE: Despite being generally accepted that delays in diagnosing breast cancer are of prognostic and psychological concern, the influence of hospital characteristics on such delays remains poorly understood, especially in rural and underserved areas. However, hospital characteristics have been tied to greater efficiency and warrant further investigation as they may have implications for breast cancer care in these areas. METHODS: Study data were derived from the Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, and Pennsylvania state central cancer registries (2006-2008)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102437/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-medical-qigong-and-standard-exercise-therapy-on-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#5
B L Vanderbyl, M J Mayer, C Nash, A T Tran, T Windholz, T Swanson, G Kasymjanova, R T Jagoe
PURPOSE: Patients with advanced cancer frequently experience anxiety, depression and poor quality of life (QOL), as well as physical symptoms such as fatigue and weakness. Physical exercise has potential to help control these symptoms but the optimal training prescription is still not clear. We performed a study comparing medical Qigong (QG) and standard endurance and strength training (SET) in patients with advanced stage non-small cell lung (NSCLC) and gastrointestinal (GI) cancers...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101728/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-biobehavioral-treatment-for-cancer-patients
#6
Marlena M Ryba, Brittany M Brothers, Barbara L Andersen
One aim of dissemination and implementation (DI) research is to study the translation of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) from the research environments of their development and testing to broader communities where they are needed. There are few behavioral medicine DI studies and none in cancer survivorship. A determinant model (Setting, Therapist, Education, imPlementation, and Sustainability (STEPS)) was used to conceptualize DI of mental health treatment and frame a longitudinal study of implementation of a behavioral medicine EBT-a biobehavioral intervention (BBI) for cancer patients...
January 18, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098955/the-impact-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-adult-survivors
#7
Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M Brinkman, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe perceptions and associated risk factors of the impact of cancer on functional outcomes, including social relationships, exercise, finances, and religion, among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Evaluable participants included 3001 adult survivors (mean age, 32.5 years; range, 18.3-63.8 years; 24.1 years from diagnosis; 50.8% male; 84.9% Caucasian) who were enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098043/-the-effects-of-smoking-on-health-growth-of-knowledge-reveals-even-grimmer-picture
#8
J P Mackenbach, R A M Damhuis, J V Been
- In this article we give a short overview of new insights into the effects of smoking on health, both on smokers themselves and on those who are exposed to other people's tobacco smoke.- The number of diseases and conditions that are known to be caused by active smoking has now risen to over thirty.- The risk of premature death is not, as previously thought, twice as high in smokers as in non-smokers, but actually three times as high.- Passive smoking too has been shown to have a whole range of negative effects on health...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097876/the-relationship-of-perfectionism-with-psychological-symptoms-in-cancer-patients-and-the-contributing-role-of-hyperarousability-and-coping
#9
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Josée Savard, Lisa-Maria Slim, Renée-Claude Roy, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt, Hans Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Significant levels of anxiety, depression and insomnia symptoms are found in cancer patients. Perfectionism, arousability and coping have been associated with these psychological symptoms in the general population but their role among cancer patients remains to be assessed. This study examined the longitudinal relationships between perfectionism and psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression, insomnia), and the intermediate role of the arousability trait and coping strategies...
January 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097515/distress-is-interdependent-in-patients-and-caregivers-with-newly-diagnosed-incurable-cancers
#10
Jamie M Jacobs, Kelly M Shaffer, Ryan D Nipp, Joel N Fishbein, James MacDonald, Areej El-Jawahri, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Elyse R Park, Jennifer S Temel, Joseph A Greer
BACKGROUND: Individuals with advanced, incurable cancer often experience high physical and psychological symptom burden. Family and friend caregivers are at risk for emotional distress. PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to investigate the interrelationship of distress in patient-caregiver dyads at the time of newly diagnosed incurable cancer. METHODS: From May 2011 to July 2015, within 8 weeks of diagnosis of advanced lung or noncolorectal gastrointestinal cancer, 350 patients and 275 family caregivers were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of early palliative care...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096574/awareness-during-general-anesthesia-an-indian-viewpoint
#11
Reshma P Ambulkar, Vandana Agarwal, Priya Ranganathan, Jigeeshu V Divatia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The incidence of intra-operative awareness with explicit recall in the Western world has been reported to be between 0.1% and 0.2% in the general surgical population and up to 1-2% of patients at high risk for this complication. Awareness in the Indian population has never been studied; we therefore wanted to detect the incidence of awareness in patients who were at high risk of experiencing awareness during surgery in our population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective single-center observational study at a 600-bedded tertiary cancer care referral hospital...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096023/communications-with-health-professionals-and-psychological-distress-in-family-caregivers-to-cancer-patients-a-model-based-on-stress-coping-theory
#12
Young Sam Oh
BACKGROUND: In cancer care settings, family caregivers often experience negative or little communication with the health professionals, and this negative communication and limited health-related information causes psychological distress in family caregivers to cancer patients. AIM: The first aim of this research is to investigate the relationship between communication with health professionals and psychological distress in family caregivers. The second aim is to investigate the mediating effects of self-efficacy in this hypothetical model...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096002/factors-influencing-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#13
Sun-A Park, Seung Hyun Chung, Youngjin Lee
The present study aimed to determine the predictors of quality of life (QOL) of patients with advanced cancer. A cross-sectional study involving 494 patients with advanced cancer was conducted using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form, the Karnofsky Performance Status Scale, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (Korean version), and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core 30. Regression analyses showed that physical and psychological symptoms significantly predicted the patients' QOL and explained 28...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095938/effect-of-the-patient-to-patient-communication-model-on-dysphagia-caused-by-total-laryngectomy
#14
L Tian, R An, J Zhang, Y Sun, R Zhao, M Liu
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of a patient-to-patient communication model on dysphagia in laryngeal cancer patients after total laryngectomy. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who had undergone total laryngectomy were randomly divided into three groups: a routine communication group, a patient communication group (that received the patient-to-patient communication model) and a physician communication group. Questionnaires were used to compare quality of life and swallowing problems among all patient groups...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094662/clinical-and-psychological-moderators-of-the-effect-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-explorative-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
M Johannsen, M S O'Toole, M O'Connor, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based intervention has been found efficacious in reducing persistent pain in women treated for breast cancer. Little, however, is known about possible moderators of the effect. We explored clinical and psychological moderators of the effect on pain intensity previously found in a randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with women treated for breast cancer with persistent pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 129 women treated for breast cancer reporting persistent pain were randomized to MBCT or a wait-list control...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093051/prolonged-job-strain-and-subsequent-risk-of-cancer-in-women-a-longitudinal-study-based-on-the-danish-nurse-cohort
#16
Gitte K Vesterlund, Beverley L Høeg, Christoffer Johansen, Berit L Heitmann, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: The role of psychological stress in cancer risk is continuously debated. Stress at work is the most common form of stress and previous studies have shown inconsistent results regarding cancer risk. In this longitudinal study, we examined the association between prolonged job strain across six years and subsequent cancer risk. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We used data from 6571 cancer-free women from the Danish Nurse Cohort aged 45-70 years at inclusion, and self-reported questionnaires on job strain at baseline in 1993 and again in 1999...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091607/perceived-stress-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#17
Norimasa Kikuchi, Takeshi Nishiyama, Takayuki Sawada, Chaochen Wang, Yingsong Lin, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Akiko Tamakoshi, Shogo Kikuchi
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, and many risk factors for colorectal cancer have been established. However, it remains uncertain whether psychological stress contributes to the onset of colorectal cancer. Therefore, we conducted a large-scale prospective cohort study to confirm the association between perceived stress and colorectal cancer incidence. We identified 680 cases of colon cancer and 330 cases of rectal cancer during a maximum of 21-year follow-up of 61,563 Japanese men and women...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081302/education-and-support-needs-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-multi-institutional-survey
#18
Joe Jabbour, Chris Milross, Puma Sundaresan, Ardalan Ebrahimi, Heather L Shepherd, Haryana M Dhillon, Gary Morgan, Bruce Ashford, Muzib Abdul-Razak, Eva Wong, Michael Veness, Carsten E Palme, Cate Froggatt, Ruben Cohen, Rafael Ekmejian, Jessica Tay, David Roshan, Jonathan R Clark
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) encompasses a diverse group of tumors, and thus providing appropriate and tailored information to patients before, during, and after treatment is a challenge. The objective of the current study was to characterize the experience and unmet needs of patients with HNC with regard to information and support provision. METHODS: A 28-question, cross-sectional survey was completed by patients treated for HNC at 1 of 4 institutions in New South Wales, Australia (Chris O'Brien Lifehouse and Liverpool, Westmead, and Wollongong hospitals)...
January 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080181/conceptualizing-patient-empowerment-in-cancer-follow-up-by-combining-theory-and-qualitative-data
#19
Anna Thit Johnsen, Nanna Bjerg Eskildsen, Thora Grothe Thomsen, Mogens Grønvold, Lone Ross, Clara R Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Patient empowerment (PE) may be defined as the opportunity for patients to master issues important to their own health. The aim of this study was to conceptualize PE and how the concept manifests itself for cancer patients attending follow-up, in order to develop a relevant and sensitive questionnaire for this population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A theoretical model of PE was made, based on Zimmerman's theory of psychological empowerment. Patients who were in follow-up after first line treatment for their cancer (n = 16) were interviewed about their experiences with follow-up...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080169/family-oriented-support-famos-development-and-feasibility-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-families-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#20
Hanin Salem, Christoffer Johansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Jeanette Falck Winther, Peder Skov Wehner, Henrik Hasle, Steen Rosthøj, Anne E Kazak, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the feasibility of a manualized psychosocial intervention, FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS), a home-based psychosocial intervention for families of childhood cancer survivors. The aim of the intervention is to support families in adopting healthy strategies to cope with the psychological consequences of childhood cancer. The intervention is now being evaluated in a nationwide randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND DESIGN: FAMOS is based on principles of family systems therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, and is delivered in six sessions at home...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
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