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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793213/end-stage-renal-disease-models-in-the-americas-optimizing-resources-to-achieve-better-health-outcomes
#1
Ramiro E Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia Brabata
End-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region's health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educational forum debated on value-based decision making in the treatment of end-stage renal disease in Latin America...
May 21, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792494/fostering-youth-self-efficacy-to-address-transgender-and-racial-diversity-issues-the-role-of-gay-straight-alliances
#2
Eddie S K Chong, V Paul Poteat, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Jerel P Calzo
Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) aspire to empower youth to address multiple systems of oppression, including those affecting transgender and racial/ethnic minority youth, yet there is little indication of factors contributing to youths' self-efficacy to do so. We examined individual and group factors predicting self-efficacy to address transgender and racial issues among 295 youth in 33 high school GSAs. Multilevel results indicated that level of GSA engagement, individual and collective involvement in transgender- and race-specific discussions, and in some cases intergroup friendships were associated with each form of self-efficacy...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791643/conversation-map-an-educational-strategy-in-the-care-of-elderly-people-with-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Silvana Linhares de Carvalho, Marília Araripe Ferreira, Juliana Mineu Pereira Medeiros, Anne Caroline Ferreira Queiroga, Tatiana Rebouças Moreira, Francisca Diana da Silva Negreiros
OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of using diabetes conversation maps as an educational strategy for diabetic elderly people. METHOD: Experience report, conducted from July to December 2016 in a specialized outpatient clinic for diabetics, in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. A total of 72 users participated, between diabetics and those accompanying them. RESULTS: The participants talked about issues that were not addressed in personal consultations, and could see themselves through the stories of others, thus realizing they were not alone and that others also experienced the same difficulties as them...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791211/-knowing-where-i-am-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-in-diabetes
#4
Danny Meetoo, Louise Wong, Tughreed Fatani
Although the prevalence of all types of chronic conditions is increasing, diabetes is one of the few long-term metabolic disorders that individuals can successfully manage, monitor and control on a day-to-day basis. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is considered an essential component of diabetes self-care management. When used appropriately, SMBG can help to identify factors associated with hyper- and hypoglycaemia, facilitate learning, and empower people with diabetes to make changes to improve their glycaemic control...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790739/universal-coatings-based-on-zwitterionic-dopamine-copolymer-microgels
#5
Mohammad Vatankhah-Varnoosfaderani, Xiaobo Hu, Qiaoxi Li, Hossein Adelnia, Maria Ina, Sergei S Sheiko
Multifunctional coatings that adhere to chemically-distinct substrates are vital in many industries, including automotive, aerospace, shipbuilding, construction, petrochemical, biomedical and pharmaceutical. We design well-defined, nearly monodisperse microgels that integrate hydrophobic dopamine methacrylamide (Dopamine-MA) monomers and hydrophilic zwitterionic monomers. The dopamine functionalities operate as both intra-particle crosslinkers and interfacial binders, respectively providing mechanical strength of the coatings and their strong adhesion to different substrates...
May 23, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789547/empowering-peer-reviewers-with-a-checklist-to-improve-transparency
#6
REVIEW
Timothy H Parker, Simon C Griffith, Judith L Bronstein, Fiona Fidler, Susan Foster, Hannah Fraser, Wolfgang Forstmeier, Jessica Gurevitch, Julia Koricheva, Ralf Seppelt, Morgan W Tingley, Shinichi Nakagawa
Peer review is widely considered fundamental to maintaining the rigour of science, but it often fails to ensure transparency and reduce bias in published papers, and this systematically weakens the quality of published inferences. In part, this is because many reviewers are unaware of important questions to ask with respect to the soundness of the design and analyses, and the presentation of the methods and results; also some reviewers may expect others to be responsible for these tasks. We therefore present a reviewers' checklist of ten questions that address these critical components...
June 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789501/differentiation-between-organic-and-non-organic-apples-using-diffraction-grating-and-image-processing-a-cost-effective-approach
#7
Nanfeng Jiang, Weiran Song, Hui Wang, Gongde Guo, Yuanyuan Liu
As the expectation for higher quality of life increases, consumers have higher demands for quality food. Food authentication is the technical means of ensuring food is what it says it is. A popular approach to food authentication is based on spectroscopy, which has been widely used for identifying and quantifying the chemical components of an object. This approach is non-destructive and effective but expensive. This paper presents a computer vision-based sensor system for food authentication, i.e., differentiating organic from non-organic apples...
May 23, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789300/teamwork-on-rounds-on-an-inpatient-ward-team-an-ethnographic-study
#8
Carla Falco, Dorene Balmer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pediatric hospitalists are expected to be adept at effective teamwork; yet, studies in which researchers describe teamwork practices in general pediatric inpatient settings are lacking. Our aim in this study was to examine the roles that general pediatric team members assume in real-life settings and how team members conduct teamwork practices on family-centered rounds. METHODS: In the ethnographic tradition, we observed a general pediatric team on a hospitalist service, focusing on family-centered rounds, and conducted in-depth interviews with interns, senior residents, and faculty...
May 22, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787398/slips-trips-and-falls-among-home-care-aides-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Naoko Muramatsu, Rosemary Sokas, Apurba Chakraborty, Joseph P Zanoni, Jane Lipscomb
OBJECTIVE: To address the gap of knowledge about slips, trips, and falls (STFs) among home care aides (HCAs) who work in clients' homes. METHODS: This mixed method study used survey and focus group data of HCAs in a Medicaid-funded homecare program. RESULTS: STFs were common with over 12% of HCAs reporting occurrence in the previous 12 months. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated higher STF risks among African Americans than non-African Americans, and among those with higher workload or higher education...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785096/smartphone-apps-for-improving-medication-adherence-in-hypertension-patients-perspectives
#10
Eimear C Morrissey, Monica Casey, Liam G Glynn, Jane C Walsh, Gerard J Molloy
Purpose: Digital interventions, such as smartphone applications (apps), are becoming an increasingly common way to support medication adherence and self-management in chronic conditions. It is important to investigate how patients feel about and engage with these technologies. The aim of this study was to explore patients' perspectives on smartphone apps to improve medication adherence in hypertension. Methods: This was a qualitative study based in the West of Ireland...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784136/a-nursing-intervention-aimed-at-reducing-symptom-burden-during-chemotherapy-chemo-support-a-mixed-methods-study-of-the-patient-experience
#11
Annemarie Coolbrandt, Koen Milisen, Hans Wildiers, Bert Aertgeerts, Theo van Achterberg, Elisa Van der Elst, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé
PURPOSE: CHEMO-SUPPORT is a nursing intervention that supports cancer patients in dealing with chemotherapy-related symptoms at home. The aims of the current study were (1) to determine how patients had experienced the intervention, and (2) to identify and better understand the mechanisms underlying CHEMO-SUPPORT's effects, its essential elements and possible pitfalls. METHODS: All 71 patients who had received the CHEMO-SUPPORT intervention completed a questionnaire, asking their opinion on the helpfulness, strengths, and weaknesses of the individual components of the intervention...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782073/a-focus-group-study-exploring-student-nurse-s-experiences-of-an-educational-intervention-focuse-don-working-with-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-personality-disorder
#12
G Stacey, V Baldwin, B Thompson, A Aubeeluck
INTRODUCTION: Negative attitudes exist in practice towards those with a diagnosis of personality disorder. Preregistration training offers the opportunity to address this by developing understanding of the diagnosis, confidence in working with people with the diagnosis and empowering new nurses to challenge prevailing attitudes. Attempts to integrate and evaluate specific educational interventions of this nature into pre-registration nurse education have not been explored elsewhere. AIM: To explore preregistration nurses' experience of a programme of training focused on personality disorder and their perception of its influence on attitudes, understanding of clients and their experience of practice...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781731/neuropsychologists-as-primary-care-providers-of-cognitive-health-a-novel-comprehensive-cognitive-wellness-service-delivery-model
#13
Patricia A Pimental, John B O'Hara, Jessica L Jandak
By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781384/how-to-uncover-sources-of-unwarranted-practice-variation-a-case-study-in-emergency-medicine
#14
Markus A Feufel
Forty years of statistical database analyses have demonstrated the existence of unwarranted practice variation in care delivery, that is, variations independent of medical need, evidence, or patient preference. Alas, little is known about the underlying mechanisms and thus finding interventions to reduce unwarranted variations remains difficult, hampering quality, equity, and efficiency of care. Whereas statistical analyses describe deviations from ideal patterns, ethnographically inspired analyses aim at understanding when, how, and why variations occur in practice...
May 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779292/paediatric-constipation-an-approach-and-evidence-based-treatment-regimen
#15
Harveen Singh, Frances Connor
BACKGROUND: Constipation affects 5-30% of children and is responsible for 3% of primary care visits. General practitioners (GPs) are frequently the first medical encounter for concerned parents regarding their child's bowel habit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the assessment and management of children with constipation to empower GPs to initiate treatment and know when to refer to a paediatrician. DISCUSSION: In the absence of organic aetiology, childhood constipation is almost always functional and often due to painful bowel movements that prompt the child to withhold stool...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779161/empowering-lay-counsellors-with-technology-masivukeni-a-standardized-multimedia-counselling-support-tool-to-deliver-art-counselling
#16
H Gouse, R N Robbins, C A Mellins, A Kingon, J Rowe, M Henry, R H Remien, A Pearson, F Victor, J A Joska
Lay-counsellors in resource-limited settings convey critical HIV- and ART-information, and face challenges including limited training and variable application of counselling. This study explored lay-counsellors and Department of Health (DoH) perspectives on the utility of a multimedia adherence counselling program. Masivukeni, an mHealth application that provides scaffolding for delivering standardized ART counselling was used in a 3-year randomized control trail at two primary health care clinics in Cape Town, South Africa...
May 19, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777979/a-qualitative-study-of-disengagement-in-disadvantaged-areas-of-the-uk-you-come-through-your-door-and-you-lock-that-door
#17
M Romeo-Velilla, N Ellis, G Hurst, S Grogan, C Gidlow
Health inequalities are a major concern in the UK. Power imbalances are associated with health inequalities and should be challenged through health promotion and empowering strategies, enabling individuals who feel powerless to take control over their own life and act on the determinants of health (Green and Tones, 2010). This study aimed to explore resident expectations of a community engagement programme that intended to empower communities to take action on pre-identified priorities. The programme targeted communities in deprived areas of a mid-sized city in the UK...
May 16, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777956/how-do-gender-relations-affect-the-working-lives-of-close-to-community-health-service-providers-empirical-research-a-review-and-conceptual-framework
#18
Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Rosalind McCollum, Kate Hawkins, Hermen Ormel, Maryse Kok, Sabina Rashid, Lilian Otiso, Mohsin Sidat, Kingsley Chikaphupha, Daniel Gemechu Datiko, Rukhsana Ahmed, Rachel Tolhurst, Woedem Gomez, Sally Theobald
Close-to-community (CTC) providers have been identified as a key cadre to progress universal health coverage and address inequities in health service provision due to their embedded position within communities. CTC providers both work within, and are subject to, the gender norms at community level but may also have the potential to alter them. This paper synthesises current evidence on gender and CTC providers and the services they deliver. This study uses a two-stage exploratory approach drawing upon qualitative research from the six countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique) that were part of the REACHOUT consortium...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777648/reasons-for-discontinuation-of-implanon-among-users-in-buffalo-city-metropolitan-municipality-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Khungelwa Patricia Mrwebi, Daniel Ter Goon, Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Eunice Seekoe, Anthony Idowu Ajayi
Early discontinuation of implanon, a long-acting, reversible contraceptive among reproductive age women in South Africa is a serious public health concern. The aim of this study was to examine the reasons for discontinuation of implanon among its previous users. This descriptive cross-sectional study involved 188 consecutively selected participants in two large family planning clinics in Buffalo Metropolitan Municipality, East London, South Africa. Descriptive statistics was conducted using SPSS version 22...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777379/the-effects-of-a-video-based-education-in-women-with-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer-in-singapore
#20
May Leng Tan, Kim Hua Lee, Wei Sean Yong, Cheryl Rodgers
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational video among women who were newly diagnosed with breast cancer on knowledge, anxiety, and satisfaction with their surgical decision. METHODS: A pre-post-test design was used to evaluate knowledge, anxiety, and satisfaction levels with decision-making regarding surgery among women with breast cancer. A purposive sampling strategy was implemented to compare outcomes of newly diagnosed breast cancer women who received standard of care that included breast care nurse counseling sessions and written materials to women who received standard of care plus a supplement educational video...
May 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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