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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342272/daily-decision-making-about-food-during-pregnancy-a-new-zealand-study
#1
Susan Pullon, Angela Ballantyne, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow, Kristin Wickens, Julian Crane
Pregnancy has always been a life-changing event for women and their families, but societal concern about pregnancy and motherhood has become intense in the digital age. The role of health promotion agencies and others supplying health-related resources about lifestyle behaviours is both important and in need of scrutiny. Ever increasing advice for pregnant women, their families and health professionals, abounds. This study of decision making during pregnancy investigated how women made everyday decisions during pregnancy about food and drink, as well as dietary supplements and medications, alcohol and recreational drugs...
January 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341550/health-stewardship-a-concept-for-best-health-outcomes
#2
Maria Donnelley
The concept of health stewardship and responsibility for self, marks a shift from adopting a paternalistic approach to care, with decision-making the main remit of healthcare practitioners, towards encouraging and empowering individuals to take increasing responsibility for their healthcare and outcomes. The main aim of nursing is to achieve optimal health outcomes for every patient. Exploring health stewardship as a path to wellness will assist healthcare practitioners to guide patients living with a chronic disease to be as healthy as possible...
January 17, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340775/global-versus-local-mechanisms-of-temperature-sensing-in-ion-channels
#3
REVIEW
Cristina Arrigoni, Daniel L Minor
Ion channels turn diverse types of inputs, ranging from neurotransmitters to physical forces, into electrical signals. Channel responses to ligands generally rely on binding to discrete sensor domains that are coupled to the portion of the channel responsible for ion permeation. By contrast, sensing physical cues such as voltage, pressure, and temperature arises from more varied mechanisms. Voltage is commonly sensed by a local, domain-based strategy, whereas the predominant paradigm for pressure sensing employs a global response in channel structure to membrane tension changes...
January 17, 2018: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340625/seen-through-the-patients-eyes-surgical-safety-and-checklists
#4
Jochen Bergs, Frank Lambrechts, Melissa Desmedt, Johan Hellings, Ward Schrooten, Annemie Vlayen, Dominique Vandijck
Objective: We sought to explore the views patients have towards surgical safety and checklists. As a secondary aim, we explored if previous experience of error or other patient characteristics influence these views. Design: A cross-sectional survey study design was applied. Participants: The Flemish Patients' Platform network and social media were used to recruit participants. Main outcome measure(s): An 11-item questionnaire was designed to assess the following constructs: perception of surgical safety, attitudes towards the WHO surgical safety checklist and attitudes regarding checklist usage...
January 11, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340442/-psychological-violence-against-women-what-factors-increase-the-risk-of-this-kind-of-intimate-partner-abuse
#5
Ana Safranoff
Using data from Argentina's National Study on Violence Against Women [Estudio nacional sobre violencias contra las mujeres] carried out in 2015, the article identifies the risk factors that increase women's vulnerability to psychological abuse. Findings show that women who are more prone to be victims of this kind of partner violence are those who are less educated, older, do not earn a wage for their work, live with children at home, are involved in less "formal" long-term relationships, as well as those whose male partners have a lower educational level than their own and/or have alcohol problems and/or were victims or witnesses of violence during their childhood...
October 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338585/the-effects-of-a-nutrition-media-literacy-intervention-on-parents-and-youths-communication-about-food
#6
Erica Weintraub Austin, Bruce W Austin, Brian F French, Marilyn A Cohen
Interventions addressing links between media exposure and obesity risk for school-age youth have not explicitly addressed the role of family communication about media. Youths' influence attempts on parents to purchase advertised foods can create conflict and negatively affect parental food choices. This study tested whether a family-based media literacy curriculum improves parents' media management skills and decreases youths' susceptibility to appealing but unrealistic food marketing. A matched-group pretest/posttest field experiment of parent-youth dyads with control group (N = 100 dyads, youth M = 11 years of age) tested the six-session curriculum...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338095/patient-controlled-tissue-collection-for-genetic-testing-after-early-pregnancy-loss-a-pilot-study
#7
Alexander Kucherov, Jessica Atrio, Zev Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine how frequently and effectively products of conception can be obtained among women pursuing medical management of early pregnancy loss. METHODS: This pilot study was conducted to assess products of conception recovery outcomes for participants opting for medical management compared to women opting for surgical aspiration A tissue-collection kit was provided to women opting for medical management. Outcomes measures included successful collection of products of conception, quantity and integrity of DNA, and participant satisfaction with the process...
January 16, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336701/coming-out-of-the-shadows-and-the-closet-visibility-schemas-among-undocuqueer-immigrants
#8
Jesus Cisneros, Christian Bracho
Centering the experiences of 31 undocuqueer immigrants, this study seeks to understand the ways that undocuqueer immigrants negotiate the boundaries of social performance by revealing or concealing their gender, sexuality, and immigration status. Findings of this study reveal how, in order to avoid the constant threat of rejection (both legal and social), undocuqueer immigrants engage visibility schemas and make strategic decisions about coming out of the shadows and the closet across different contexts. Undocuqueer immigrants' narratives reveal the ways the closet resembles the shadows in that both provide protection from the outside world, yet neither are considered suitable places for sustaining life...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335563/visualization-and-analysis-of-non-covalent-contacts-using-the-protein-contacts-atlas
#9
Melis Kayikci, A J Venkatakrishnan, James Scott-Brown, Charles N J Ravarani, Tilman Flock, M Madan Babu
Visualizations of biomolecular structures empower us to gain insights into biological functions, generate testable hypotheses, and communicate biological concepts. Typical visualizations (such as ball and stick) primarily depict covalent bonds. In contrast, non-covalent contacts between atoms, which govern normal physiology, pathogenesis, and drug action, are seldom visualized. We present the Protein Contacts Atlas, an interactive resource of non-covalent contacts from over 100,000 PDB crystal structures. We developed multiple representations for visualization and analysis of non-covalent contacts at different scales of organization: atoms, residues, secondary structure, subunits, and entire complexes...
January 15, 2018: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334953/care-relationships-at-stake-home-healthcare-professionals-experiences-with-digital-medicine-dispensers-a-qualitative-study
#10
Sigrid Nakrem, Marit Solbjør, Ida Nilstad Pettersen, Hanne Hestvik Kleiven
BACKGROUND: Although digital technologies can mitigate the burdens of home healthcare services caused by an ageing population that lives at home longer with complex health problems, research on the impacts and consequences of digitalised remote communication between patients and caregivers is lacking. The present study explores how home healthcare professionals had experienced the introduction of digital medicine dispensers and their influence on patient-caregiver relationships. METHODS: The multi-case study comprised semi-structured interviews with 21 healthcare professionals whose home healthcare service involved using the digital medicine dispensers...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332556/-back-off-buddy-this-is-my-body-not-yours-empowering-girls-through-self-defense
#11
Jan Jordan, Elaine Mossman
Although growing recognition is being given to the benefits of teaching self-defense skills to college women, very little research attention has considered the impacts of providing such courses to school-aged girls. This article presents the findings from a large-scale evaluation of self-defense programs provided to three different age groups of schoolgirls from diverse backgrounds in New Zealand, drawing on survey responses from the girls themselves, supplemented by qualitative data provided by key informant interviews with their school and self-defense teachers...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332422/unexpected-management-behaviors-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-using-sensor-augmented-pump-therapy
#12
Mary Binsu Abraham, Kristine Heels, Jennifer A Nicholas, Carol Cole, Rebecca Gebert, Julie Klimek, Tracey Jopling, Geoffrey Ambler, Fergus Cameron, Elizabeth Davis, Timothy W Jones
BACKGROUND: Continuous glucose monitoring can improve glycemic outcomes in individuals with type 1 diabetes. However, the constant exposure to real-time glucose levels can sometimes lead the individual to make some risky choices to address the glycemic excursions. Hence, the purpose of this study was to explore the aberrant management behaviors of youth with type 1 diabetes on sensor-augmented pump therapy (SAPT). METHODS: Participants in a clinical trial using SAPT on Medtronic MiniMed™ 640G pump who experienced deteriorating glycemic control or unexplained hypoglycemia were identified by the health care professional...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331967/understanding-frailty-a-qualitative-study-of-european-healthcare-policy-makers-approaches-to-frailty-screening-and-management
#13
Holly Gwyther, Rachel Shaw, Eva-Amparo Jaime Dauden, Barbara D'Avanzo, Donata Kurpas, Maria Bujnowska-Fedak, Tomasz Kujawa, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To elicit European healthcare policy-makers' views, understanding and attitudes about the implementation of frailty screening and management strategies and responses to stakeholders' views. DESIGN: Thematic analysis of semistructured qualitative interviews. SETTING: European healthcare policy departments. PARTICIPANTS: Seven European healthcare policy-makers representing the European Union (n=2), UK (n=2), Italy (n=1), Spain (n=1) and Poland (n=1)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331642/protein-adaptations-in-extremophiles-an-insight-into-extremophilic-connection-of-mycobacterial-proteome
#14
REVIEW
Ashutosh Kumar, Anwar Alam, Deeksha Tripathi, Mamta Rani, Hafeeza Khatoon, Saurabh Pandey, Nasreen Z Ehtesham, Seyed E Hasnain
The biological paradox about how extremophiles persist at extreme ecological conditions throws a fascinating picture of the enormous potential of a single cell to adapt to homeostatic conditions in order to propagate. Unicellular organisms face challenges from both environmental factors and the ecological niche provided by the host tissue. Although the existence of extremophiles and their physiological properties were known for a long time, availability of whole genome sequence has catapulted the study on mechanisms of adaptation and the underlying principles that have enabled these unique organisms to withstand evolutionary and environmental pressures...
January 10, 2018: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331347/empowering-post-surgical-patients-to-improve-opioid-disposal-a-before-and-after-quality-improvement-study
#15
Jessica M Hasak, Carrie L Roth Bettlach, Katherine B Santosa, Ellen L Larson, Jean Stroud, Susan E Mackinnon
BACKGROUND: Our country is in the midst of an opioid epidemic. Although the problem is multifactorial, one issue is the presence of excess prescription opioid medications circulating in our communities. Our objective was to determine whether dissemination of an educational brochure would improve the disposal of unused opioids after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Eligible surgery patients from an upper extremity/peripheral nerve clinic were enrolled into this prospective before and after study between February 2017 and September 2017...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328752/literature-review-awareness-of-anaesthesia
#16
Adam Smith
A review of qualitative literature regarding awareness under general anaesthesia was undertaken, this term being defined as full consciousness during surgery with explicit recall of events. This study was designed to explore perioperative practitioner knowledge, skill base and education on the subject of awareness. It also explores the practitioner role in, looking out for and rectification, their obligations to the patient and their statutory bodies, as well as adherence to standards of conduct, performance and ethics...
September 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327405/from-non-encounters-to-autonomic-agency-conceptions-of-patients-with-low-back-pain-about-their-encounters-in-the-health-care-system
#17
Riikka Holopainen, Arja Piirainen, Ari Heinonen, Jaro Karppinen, Peter O'Sullivan
Low back pain is a considerable health problem which affects people around the world, causing major healthcare costs. The use of qualitative research methods enables us to describe and understand patients' experience of, and attitudes to, healthcare. The aim of the present phenomenographic study was to identify and describe the contextual nature of the conceptions of patients with low back pain of their encounters in the HCS. Seventeen patients with chronic or episodic low back pain classified as "high risk" were interviewed in open recall interviews, using videos of patients' initial physiotherapy sessions that had been recorded previously...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324960/impact-of-critical-illness-news-on-the-family-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#18
Anabela Pereira Mendes
OBJECTIVE: Understand the impact of critical-illness news on the experience of family members at an Intensive Care Unit. METHOD: Phenomenological approach according to Van Manen's method. Open interviews were held with 21 family members. From analysis and interpretation of the data, three essential themes were identified: the unexpected; the pronouncement of death; and the impact on self-caring within the family. The study complied with the ethical principles inherent to research involving humans...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324945/health-advocacy-by-nurses-in-the-family-health-strategy-barriers-and-facilitators
#19
Aline Belletti Figueira, Edison Luiz Devos Barlem, Simone Coelho Amestoy, Rosemary Silva da Silveira, Jamila Geri Tomaschewski-Barlem, Aline Marcelino Ramos
OBJECTIVE: Identify the barriers and facilitators of health advocacy to users delivered by nurses from the Family Health Strategy. METHOD: Qualitative study carried out with nurses from the Family Health Strategy of a city in the south of Brazil. Study participants were 15 nurses, who were interviewed. The content of the interviews was recorded, transcribed and analyzed in the light of the discursive text analysis. RESULTS: Two categories emerged, one about the lack of organization at the workplace, bureaucracy and limitations to professional work in health environments, and another about the facilitating aspects to exercise advocacy both individually and collectively...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323978/nurse-led-epistaxis-management-within-the-emergency-department
#20
Navid Hakim, Sangha Mitra Mummadi, Karan Jolly, Julian Dawson, Adnan Darr
BACKGROUND: the incidence of epistaxis has increased secondary to increased life expectancy and morbidities. This study sought to assess the knowledge, practice and opinion relating to adequacy of training of advanced nurse practitioners (ANPs) and staff nurses (SNs) in the emergency department. METHODS: a national survey was distributed over an 8-week period; this included a 3-point scoring system based on the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Clinical Knowledge Summaries guidance on epistaxis management to assess overall performance...
January 11, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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