keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

empowered

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817825/muscle-strength-and-muscle-mass-in-older-patients-during-hospitalization-the-empower-study
#1
Jeanine M Van Ancum, Kira Scheerman, Vincent D Pierik, Siger T Numans, Sjors Verlaan, Hanne E Smeenk, Monique Slee-Valentijn, Roeliene C Kruizinga, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Low muscle strength and muscle mass are associated with an increased length of hospital stay and higher mortality rate in inpatients. To what extent hospitalization affects muscle strength and muscle mass is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess muscle strength and muscle mass at admission and during hospitalization in older patients and its relation with being at risk of geriatric conditions. METHODS: The EMPOWER study included patients aged 70 years and older, admitted to 4 wards of the VU University Medical Center in the Netherlands between April and December 2015...
August 18, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817565/peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-associated-factors-and-pathways-among-1752-sixth-grade-boys-and-girls-in-schools-in-pakistan
#2
Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Rozina Somani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Saleema Gulzar, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts health and education. There are few research studies available in Pakistan, or South Asia. We describe the prevalence of peer violence, associations, and pathways between socio-economic status, school performance, gender attitudes and violence at home. METHODS: 1752 children were recruited into a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted on 40 fairly homogeneous public schools (20 for girls and 20 for boys), in Hyderabad, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817337/oral-health-integration-into-a-pediatric-practice-and-coordination-of-referrals-to-a-colocated-dental-home-at-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#3
Nandini Sengupta, Sonal Nanavati, Maria Cericola, Lisa Simon
We have integrated preventive oral health measures into preventive care visits for children at a federally qualified health center in Boston, Massachusetts. The program, started in 2015, covers 3400 children and has increased universal caries risk screening in primary care to 85%, fluoride varnish application rates to 80%, and referrals to a dental home to 35%. We accomplished this by minimizing pressures on providers' workflow, empowering medical assistants to lead the initiative, and utilizing data-driven improvement strategies, alongside colocated coordinated care...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816629/a-cascade-model-of-mentorship-for-frontline-health-workers-in-rural-health-facilities-in-eastern-uganda-processes-achievements-and-lessons
#4
Judith Ajeani, Richard Mangwi Ayiasi, Moses Tetui, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Gertrude Namazzi, Ronald Muhumuza Kananura, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for trainers to shift from traditional didactic training to innovative approaches that are more results-oriented. Mentorship is one such approach that could bridge the clinical knowledge gap among health workers. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the experiences of an attempt to improve health-worker performance in maternal and newborn health in three rural districts through a mentoring process using the cascade model. The paper further highlights achievements and lessons learnt during implementation of the cascade model...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815140/d2refine-a-platform-for-clinical-research-study-data-element-harmonization-and-standardization
#5
Deepak K Sharma, Harold R Solbrig, Eric Prud'hommeaux, Kate Lee, Jyotishman Pathak, Guoqian Jiang
In this paper, we present a platform known as D2Refine for facilitating clinical research study data element harmonization and standardization. D2Refine is developed on top of OpenRefine (formerly Google Refine) and leverages simple interface and extensible architecture of OpenRefine. D2Refine empowers the tabular representation of clinical research study data element definitions by allowing it to be easily organized and standardized using reconciliation services. D2Refine builds on valuable built-in data transformation features of OpenRefine to bring source data sets to a finer state quickly...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814061/modular-one-to-many-clutchable-actuator-for-a-soft-elbow-exosuit
#6
M Canesi, M Xiloyannis, A Ajoudani, A Biechi, L Masia
Exoskeletons have been developed for a wide range of applications, from the military to the medical field, with the aim of augmenting human performance or compensating for neuromuscular deficiencies. However, to empower the high number of degrees of freedom of the human body, they often employ a high number of motors, increasing the size, weight and power consumption of the system. We hereby present an actuation strategy to empower our elbow exosuit that adopts a single motor to drive multiple, independently actuated, degrees of freedom...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813279/protecting-relationships-from-stress
#7
REVIEW
Justin A Lavner, Thomas N Bradbury
Although partners in close social relationships often enable one another to manage stress, stress can also undermine the many benefits that these relationships provide. We review interventions designed to reduce the effects of stress on relationships, distinguishing (a) couple-targeted interventions that aim to build couples' skills in managing stress from (b) stress-targeted interventions intended to eliminate stress itself. Recent examples of these approaches are presented and evaluated. Couple-targeted and stress-targeted interventions both hold promise for empowering couples to sustain their relationship and the well-being of their children, and additional empirical work will help clarify the conditions under which different strategies prove most effective...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812965/meeting-the-communication-support-needs-of-children-and-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-the-bolivian-andes
#8
Susan Buell, Darren Chadwick
Services available for people with disabilities in Bolivia tend to be fragmented and costly. Children and adults with intellectual disabilities are more likely to have a related communication disability and are thus both literally and metaphorically excluded from having a voice. The following research aimed to explore the experiences of accessing services by people with communication disabilities in Bolivia through semi-structured interviews and one focus group carried out with family members, professionals, service providers, educators and policymakers...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812806/universal-health-coverage-and-primary-healthcare-lessons-from-japan-comment-on-achieving-universal-health-coverage-by-focusing-on-primary-care-in-japan-lessons-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
Gerald Bloom
A recent editorial by Naoki Ikegami has proposed three key lessons from Japan's experience of achieving virtually universal coverage with primary healthcare services: the need to integrate the existing providers of primary healthcare services into the organised health system; the need to limit government commitments to finance hospital services and the need to empower providers of primary healthcare to influence decisions that influence their livelihoods. Although the context of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) differs in many ways from Japan in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the lesson that short-term initiatives to achieve universal coverage need to be complemented by an understanding of the factors influencing long-term change management remains highly relevant...
August 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812552/competition-along-trajectories-governs-adaptation-rates-towards-antimicrobial-resistance
#10
C Brandon Ogbunugafor, Margaret J Eppstein
The increasing availability of genotype-phenotype maps for different combinations of mutations has empowered evolutionary biologists with the tools to interrogate the predictability of adaptive evolution, especially in the context of the evolution of antimicrobial resistance. Large microbial populations are known to generate competing beneficial mutations, but determining how these mutations contribute to the adaptive trajectories that are most likely to be followed remains a challenge. Despite a recognition that there may also be competition between successive alleles on the same trajectory, prior studies have not fully considered how this impacts adaptation rates along, or likelihood of following, individual trajectories...
November 21, 2016: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812521/nursing-now-campaign-to-support-and-empower-nurses
#11
Stephanie Jones-Berry
Nurses are too often 'invisible, taken for granted and prevented from being as effective as they could be', a former health minister and NHS leader spearheading a global campaign to boost the profile of nursing said.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811271/-am-i-normal-the-wishes-of-patients-with-lymphoma-to-compare-their-patient-reported-outcomes-with-those-of-their-peers
#12
Simone Oerlemans, Lindy P Arts, Nicole J Horevoorts, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
BACKGROUND: Providing feedback to patients on their patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can help patients in monitoring their functioning and symptoms and may help empower them. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether patients with lymphoma wished to receive PRO feedback, including the option to compare their scores with those of their peers, and how this feedback was evaluated. METHODS: We invited 64 patients participating in a lymphoma cohort who were eligible for a follow-up questionnaire and gave them the option to receive PRO feedback...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811182/implementing-sustainable-data-collection-for-a-cardiac-outcomes-registry-in-an-australian-public-hospital
#13
Nicholas Cox, Angela Brennan, Diem Dinh, Rita Brien, Kath Cowie, Dion Stub, Christopher M Reid, Jeffrey Lefkovits
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcome registries are an increasingly vital component of ensuring quality and safety of patient care. However, Australian hospitals rarely have additional resources or the capacity to fund the additional staff time to complete the task of data collection and entry. At the same time, registry funding models do not support staff for the collection of data at the site but are directed towards the central registry tasks of data reporting, managing and quality monitoring...
March 12, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#14
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810390/shared-decision-making-rhetoric-and-reality-women-s-experiences-and-perceptions-of-adjuvant-treatment-decision-making-for-breast-cancer
#15
Neda Mahmoodi, Sally Sargeant
This interview-based study uses phenomenology as a theoretical framework and thematic analysis to challenge existing explanatory frameworks of shared decision-making, in an exploration of women's experiences and perceptions of shared decision-making for adjuvant treatment in breast cancer. Three themes emerged are as follows: (1) women's desire to participate in shared decision-making, (2) the degree to which shared decision-making is perceived to be shared and (3) to what extent are women empowered within shared decision-making...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810277/-concepts-to-optimize-home-care-of-patients-with-mechanical-ventilation
#16
Miranda Nafe, Kristian Herberger, Barbara Wiesner, Christian Grohé
The care of patients with extraclinical mechanical ventilation has to be improved particularly with regard to their specialist care. One care option is the empowering of clinicians at the respiratory centers to enable ambulant care of patients and home visits. An intersectoral linkage in the form of transfer management is the basis for competent coordination. Aim is to ensure the necessary multidisciplinary collaboration in the outpatient care of multimorbid chronically ill patients. For the optimal care of chronically ill patients, sectoral limits should become more permeable...
August 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809592/survey-process-quality-a-question-of-healthcare-manager-approach
#17
Petra Nilsson, Kerstin Blomqvist
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how healthcare first-line managers think about and act regarding workplace survey processes. Design/methodology/approach This interview study was performed at a hospital in south Sweden. First-line healthcare managers ( n=24) volunteered. The analysis was inspired by phenomenography, which aims to describe the ways in which different people experience a phenomenon. The phenomenon was a workplace health promotion (WHP) survey processes. Findings Four main WHP survey process approaches were identified among the managers: as a possibility, as a competition, as a work task among others and as an imposition...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809059/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-healthcare-professionals-regarding-child-maltreatment-in-china
#18
X Li, Q Yue, S Wang, H Wang, J Jiang, L Gong, W Liu, X Huang, T Xu
BACKGROUND: A new, recently issued national law and regulation in China conferred the responsibility of healthcare professionals in child maltreatment intervention. However, few studies have reported on the recognition and reporting of child maltreatment by healthcare professionals in China. The aim of this study was to assess healthcare professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and self-perceived behaviour in terms of identifying, assessing, and reporting child maltreatment cases in China...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807466/midwives-being-with-woman-an-integrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Zoe Bradfield, Ravani Duggan, Yvonne Hauck, Michelle Kelly
BACKGROUND: Midwives being 'with woman' is embedded in professional philosophy, standards of practice and partnerships with women. In light of the centrality of being 'with woman' to the profession of midwifery, it is timely to review the literature to gain a contemporary understanding of this phenomenon. AIM: This review synthesises research and theoretical literature to report on what is known and published about being 'with woman'. METHODS: A five step framework for conducting an integrative literature reviews was employed...
August 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807433/influences-on-decision-making-regarding-antipsychotic-prescribing-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Kieran A Walsh, Rebecca Dennehy, Carol Sinnott, John Browne, Stephen Byrne, Jennifer McSharry, Eoin Coughlan, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic prescribing is prevalent in nursing homes for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), despite the known risks and limited effectiveness. Many studies have attempted to understand this continuing phenomenon, using qualitative research methods, and have generated varied and sometimes conflicting findings. To date, the totality of this qualitative evidence has not been systematically collated and synthesized. AIMS: To synthesize the findings from individual qualitative studies on decision-making and prescribing behaviors for antipsychotics in nursing home residents with dementia, with a view to informing intervention development and quality improvement in this field...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
keyword
keyword
65016
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"