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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920613/core-and-complementary-chiropractic-lowering-barriers-to-patient-utilization-of-services
#1
John J Triano, Marion McGregor
OBJECTIVE: The use of chiropractic services has stalled while interest in accessing manipulation services is rising. The purpose of this paper is to consider this dilemma in the context of the dynamics of professional socialization, surveys of public attitudes, and a potential strategic action. DISCUSSION: This is a reflection work grounded in the literature on professional socialization and the attitudes held regarding chiropractic in modern society, to include its members, and in original data on training programs...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919153/-nudge-strategies-at-a-glance-an-overview-more-freedom-or-new-paternalism
#2
Luca Leone
Under the theoretical assumptions of individual bounded rationality and of behavioural psychology about human actions and agency, nudge has been promoted as an alternative to traditional regulatory tools, characterized by being inexpensive, choice-preserving, and bound to promote legitimate goals and citizens' welfare within through specific choice architectures. Applicable to several domains, health included, the nudging approach runs in connection with requests and needs arising from marketing strategies, with the aim of maximizing economic rationality and efficiency...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918430/androgen-receptor-a-complex-therapeutic-target-for-breast-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Ramesh Narayanan, James T Dalton
Molecular and histopathological profiling have classified breast cancer into multiple sub-types empowering precision treatment. Although estrogen receptor (ER) and human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) are the mainstay therapeutic targets in breast cancer, the androgen receptor (AR) is evolving as a molecular target for cancers that have developed resistance to conventional treatments. The high expression of AR in breast cancer and recent discovery and development of new nonsteroidal drugs targeting the AR provide a strong rationale for exploring it again as a therapeutic target in this disease...
December 2, 2016: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917970/enhancing-the-economic-viability-of-pastoralism-the-need-to-balance-interventions
#4
H Rueff, I Rahim
Extensive mobile pastoral systems do not follow conventional marketing optimisation models, since they must deal with the factors of mobility, erratic environments, dependency on natural resources, seasonality, and distance to markets. While pastoralist systems contribute substantially to national economies, government investment to support pastoralism remains limited or non-existent. Pastoralists are becoming increasingly integrated into larger market systems and therefore need investment and specially adapted policies to supply a growing demand for livestock products and to support their livelihoods...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917534/a-concept-analysis-of-compassionate-midwifery
#5
Diane Ménage, Elizabeth Bailey, Susan Lees, Jane Coad
AIM: To report a concept analysis of compassionate midwifery. BACKGROUND: Recently, compassion has been incorporated into United Kingdom nursing and midwifery language through strategy, policy, recruitment and education. Professional standards direct midwives to practise compassionately therefore the concept of compassionate midwifery exists, although this has yet to be explored as a concept in the UK or internationally. An understanding of what constitutes compassionate midwifery has the potential to increase midwifery knowledge and improve practice...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916109/diversity-matters-in-academic-radiology-acknowledging-and-addressing-unconscious-bias
#6
Brenda J Allen, Kavita Garg
To meet challenges related to changing demographics, and to optimize the promise of diversity, radiologists must bridge the gap between numbers of women and historically underrepresented minorities in radiology and radiation oncology as contrasted with other medical specialties. Research reveals multiple ways that women and underrepresented minorities can benefit radiology education, research, and practice. To achieve those benefits, promising practices promote developing and implementing strategies that support diversity as an institutional priority and cultivate shared responsibility among all members to create inclusive learning and workplace environments...
December 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916019/promoting-early-dementia-diagnosis-a-video-designed-by-patients-for-patients
#7
Nina Baruch, Charlotte L Allan, Maureen Cundell, Samuel Clark, Brian Murray
Early diagnosis of dementia allows people to access effective treatment and make advance decisions while they still have capacity. We aimed to encourage people to attend memory clinic, in order to boost rates of diagnosis. We created a patient information video about Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust Memory Clinics, to inform and empower those awaiting assessment and to promote early diagnosis. Fourteen people (patients, carers, and staff) were approached prior to developing the video to ascertain their views on the themes the video should cover...
December 5, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914861/rapid-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-and-risk-prevention-in-residents-of-battered-women-s-shelters
#8
Dawn M Johnson, Nicole L Johnson, Curt G Beckwith, Patrick A Palmieri, Caron Zlotnick
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and intimate partner violence (IPV) are interconnected public health problems. However, few HIV prevention interventions address the unique needs of IPV survivors in shelter and none of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's best-evidence risk reduction interventions adequately explore the complex relationship between IPV and HIV risk. Although battered women's shelters provide a safe and supportive environment for women in crisis, most do not offer HIV risk reduction services or sexual safety planning...
November 30, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914471/global-constitutionalism-applied-to-global-health-governance-uncovering-legitimacy-deficits-and-suggesting-remedies
#9
Gorik Ooms, Rachel Hammonds
BACKGROUND: Global constitutionalism is a way of looking at the world, at global rules and how they are made, as if there was a global constitution, empowering global institutions to act as a global government, setting rules which bind all states and people. ANALYSIS: This essay employs global constitutionalism to examine how and why global health governance, as currently structured, has struggled to advance the right to health, a fundamental human rights obligation enshrined in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912066/cell-type-specific-optical-recording-of-membrane-voltage-dynamics-in-freely-moving-mice
#10
Jesse D Marshall, Jin Zhong Li, Yanping Zhang, Yiyang Gong, François St-Pierre, Michael Z Lin, Mark J Schnitzer
Electrophysiological field potential dynamics are of fundamental interest in basic and clinical neuroscience, but how specific cell types shape these dynamics in the live brain is poorly understood. To empower mechanistic studies, we created an optical technique, TEMPO, that records the aggregate trans-membrane voltage dynamics of genetically specified neurons in freely behaving mice. TEMPO has >10-fold greater sensitivity than prior fiber-optic techniques and attains the noise minimum set by quantum mechanical photon shot noise...
December 1, 2016: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909178/no-differences-in-health-outcomes-after-routine-inquiry-about-violence-victimization-in-young-women-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-swedish-youth-health-centers
#11
Anna Palm, Ulf Högberg, Niclas Olofsson, Alkistis Skalkidou, Ingela Danielsson
Youth is a period in life when the risk of violence victimization is high and association between victimization and ill health is well established. Youth rarely reveal violence victimization to health professionals if not directly asked but favor health professionals asking about victimization. The study's primary aim was to examine health outcomes in young women being routinely asked about violence victimization and offered subsequent support, compared with controls, at 12-month follow-up. Secondary aims were to examine to what extent routine inquiry altered the consultation and re-victimization rates during the study period...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908943/planning-for-deactivation-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-at-the-end-of-life-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#12
Destiny R Brady
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) may be burdensome in end-stage heart failure. At the end of life, as many as one-fifth to one-third of patients experience an ICD shock. Critical care nurses should be aware of the potential burden of these shocks at the end of life as well as the ethics and organizational policies surrounding ICD deactivation. This literature review examines the issues surrounding ICD therapy at the end of life. Based on this author's findings, recommendations for discussing and implementing ICD deactivation are offered...
December 2016: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906198/population-screening-for-brca1-brca2-mutations-lessons-from-qualitative-analysis-of-the-screening-experience
#13
Sari Lieberman, Amnon Lahad, Ariela Tomer, Carmit Cohen, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Aviad Raz
PURPOSE: Population screening for BRCA1/BRCA2. mutations is being considered for Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) because 2.5% carry recurrent deleterious mutations and effective cancer prevention exists. This study aimed to provide a qualitative focus on perspectives of individuals, particularly carriers, who were tested through a screening trial. In this trial, the pretest process included only written information. METHODS: Interviews were performed with 26 carriers and 10 noncarriers who participated in a BRCA population screening trial for AJ...
December 1, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905228/nurses-the-world-over-can-work-together
#14
Susan Williams
Empowering nurses and other healthcare professionals to work to their full potential benefits the healthcare system of any country. However, there have long been barriers to such empowerment.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904634/an-attempt-for-empowering-education-a-qualitative-study-of-in-service-training-of-nursing-personnel
#15
Mahmood Chaghari, Abbas Ebadi, Ahmad Ameryoun, Mohsen Safari
BACKGROUND: In-service training of nursing personnel has a significant role in increasing the empowerment of nurses and promotion of the quality of health services. The objective of this study is to identify and explain the process of in-service training of nursing personnel in the hospitals affiliated with Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study employed a qualitative approach using Corbin and Strauss method (2008) in 2015, and examined the viewpoints and experiences of 35 nurses, nurse managers, and educational managers with the in-service education of nursing staffs...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902581/meeting-people-where-they-are-case-managers-empower-and-motivate-clients-to-pursue-their-health-goals
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902572/meeting-people-where-they-are-case-managers-empower-and-motivate-clients-to-pursue-their-health-goals
#17
Jane Harkey, Charlotte Sortedahl, Michelle M Crook, Patrice V Sminkey
PURPOSE: The propose of this discussion is to explore the role of the case manager to empower and motivate clients, especially those who appear "stuck" or resistant to change. Drawing upon the experiences of case managers across many different practice settings, the article addresses how case managers can tap into the individual's underlying and sometimes deep-seated desires in order to foster buy-in for making even small steps toward achieving their health goals. The article also addresses how motivational interviewing can be an effective tool used by case managers to uncover blocks and barriers that prevent clients from making changes in their health or lifestyle habits...
January 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900157/does-fair-play-reduce-concussions-a-prospective-comparative-analysis-of-competitive-youth-hockey-tournaments
#18
Aynsley M Smith, Daniel V Gaz, Dirk Larson, Janelle K Jorgensen, Chad Eickhoff, David A Krause, Brooke M Fenske, Katie Aney, Ashley A Hansen, Stephanie M Nanos, Michael J Stuart
BACKGROUND/AIM: To determine if Boys Bantam and Peewee and Girls U14 sustain fewer concussions, head hits, 'other injuries' and penalties in hockey tournaments governed by intensified fair play (IFP) than non-intensified fair play (NIFP). METHODS: A prospective comparison of IFP, a behaviour modification programme that promotes sportsmanship, versus control (non-intensified, NIFP) effects on numbers of diagnosed concussions, head hits without diagnosed concussion (HHWDC), 'other injuries', number of penalties and fair play points (FPPs)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899609/enabling-the-democratization-of-the-genomics-revolution-with-a-fully-integrated-web-based-bioinformatics-platform
#19
Po-E Li, Chien-Chi Lo, Joseph J Anderson, Karen W Davenport, Kimberly A Bishop-Lilly, Yan Xu, Sanaa Ahmed, Shihai Feng, Vishwesh P Mokashi, Patrick S G Chain
Continued advancements in sequencing technologies have fueled the development of new sequencing applications and promise to flood current databases with raw data. A number of factors prevent the seamless and easy use of these data, including the breadth of project goals, the wide array of tools that individually perform fractions of any given analysis, the large number of associated software/hardware dependencies, and the detailed expertise required to perform these analyses. To address these issues, we have developed an intuitive web-based environment with a wide assortment of integrated and cutting-edge bioinformatics tools in pre-configured workflows...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#20
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
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