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computerised dynamic posturography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452617/biobehavioural-analysis-of-the-vestibular-system-and-posture-control-in-patients-with-cervicogenic-dizziness-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
M Grande-Alonso, B Moral Saiz, A Mínguez Zuazo, S Lerma Lara, R La Touche
BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic dizziness is a musculoskeletal disorder mainly characterised by dizziness and disequilibrium associated with neck pain. The pathophysiology is unclear and the neurophysiological basis remains to be ascertained. The aim of this study is to compare the vestibulo-ocular reflex and postural control between patients with cervicogenic dizziness and asymptomatic subjects, and to assess the association between debilitating dizziness and other psychosocial variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients and 22 asymptomatic subjects were selected...
July 21, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249046/-influence-of-peridural-infiltration-therapy-on-postural-control-in-chronic-pain-of-the-lower-lumbar-spine-a-prospective-clinical-study
#2
H-G Palm, S Uhl, M Zollo, P Lang, B Friemert, H-J Riesner
Background: Postural control, balance stability, is reduced in patients with chronic low back pain, due to pain. Epidural injection therapy (EI) is an established treatment of low back pain. The objective of our study was to investigate whether EI-induced pain relief also leads to improvement in postural control, as detected by computerised dynamic posturography (CDP). Patients and Methods: In a prospective study, 32 patients underwent CDP during and after the EI series of three injections. The main objective was to measure changes in overall stability index (OSI) in a pre- and post-intervention comparison...
June 1, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26844852/-effects-of-surgically-treated-pelvic-ring-and-acetabular-fractures-on-postural-control
#3
P Lang, A Schnegelberger, H-J Riesner, F Stuby, B Friemert, H-G Palm
BACKGROUND: The aim of surgical treatment of pelvic ring and acetabular fractures is to allow rapid mobilisation of patients in order to restore stance and gait stability (postural control), as this significantly correlates with a positive outcome. The regulation of postural stability is mainly controlled by transmission of proprioceptive stimuli. In addition, the pelvis serves as a connection between the legs and the spine and thus is also of great importance for mechanical stabilisation...
April 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26187012/impact-of-obesity-in-elderly-patients-with-postural-instability
#4
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Sofía Santos-Pérez, Ana Faraldo-García, Isabel Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, Pilar Gayoso-Diz, María Del-Río-Valeiras, Antonio Lirola-Delgado, Andrés Soto-Varela
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess whether obesity affects balance in elderly patients with postural instability. STUDY DESIGN: It is a case-control study, with cases defined by BMI ≥30 kg/m(2), and developed in a third level university hospital. METHODS: We included 135 patients aged 65 years old or more who presented postural instability. Balance assessment was through the sensory organisation test (SOT), limits of stability (LOS) and rhythmic weight shift (RWS) of computerised dynamic posturography (CDP) and the modified timed up-and-go (TUG) test...
June 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25952976/the-human-balance-system-and-gender
#5
Grażyna Olchowik, Marek Tomaszewski, Piotr Olejarz, Jan Warchoł, Monika Różańska-Boczula, Ryszard Maciejewski
The human body balance system is a complex system of organs and mechanisms, which generate postural reactions to counter the displacement from the equilibrium position of the body centre of gravity, and which control eye movement in order to maintain a stable image of the environment. Computerised Dynamic Posturography (CDP) allows for a quantitative and objective assessment of the sen- sory and motor components of the body balance control system as well as of the integration and adaptive mechanisms in the central nervous system...
2015: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25598290/the-effect-of-height-and-bmi-on-computer-dynamic-posturography-parameters-in-women
#6
Grażyna Olchowik, Marek Tomaszewski, Piotr Olejarz, Jan Warchoł, Monika Różańska-Boczula
The human body's posture control is a complex system of organs and mechanisms which controls the body's centre of gravity (COG) over its base of support (BOS). Computerised Dynamic Posturography (CDP) allows for the quantitative and objective assessment of the sensory and motor components of the body's posture control system as well as of the integration and adaptation mechanisms in the central nervous system. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between the body's height and BMI on CDP results in a group of young healthy women without any clinical symptoms of balance disorders...
2014: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25194853/can-we-predict-the-risk-of-falls-in-elderly-patients-with-instability
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrés Soto-Varela, Ana Faraldo-García, Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Antonio Lirola-Delgado, Isabel Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, María del-Río-Valeiras, Pilar Gayoso-Diz, Sofía Santos-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine whether clinical and instrumental examination of balance can predict the risk of falls in elderly patients with instability. METHODS: HASH(0x485d9c0) STUDY DESIGN: It is a case control study, with cases defined by falls in the last year, developed in a third level university hospital. PATIENTS: Seventy patients aged 65 years or more who met at least one of the following inclusion criteria: (a) at least one fall in the last year; (b) spend more than 15s during the timed up and go test (TUG); (c) a score of less than 68% average balance in the sensory organisation test (SOT) of the computerised dynamic posturography (CDP); or (d) at least one fall in the CDP-SOT...
February 2015: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24916738/is-there-a-relationship-between-objective-and-subjective-assessment-of-balance-in-elderly-patients-with-instability
#8
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Sofía Santos-Pérez, María Del-Río-Valeiras, Antonio Lirola-Delgado, Ana Faraldo-García, Isabel Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, Pilar Gayoso-Diz, Andrés Soto-Varela
To assess whether a subjective questionnaire that measures the disability caused by balance disorders in daily life activities is correlated to objective assessment of balance in elderly patients with age-related instability. We included 37 subjects aged 65 years or more who presented balance disorders induced solely by age. Balance assessment was through the sensory organisation test and limits of stability of computerised dynamic posturography, the SwayStar system and the modified timed up and go test. The patients also completed the dizziness handicap inventory (DHI) questionnaire...
September 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24231039/electromyographic-latency-of-postural-evoked-responses-from-the-leg-muscles-during-equitest-computerised-dynamic-posturography-reference-data-on-healthy-subjects
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Laura Perucca, Antonio Caronni, Gaj Vidmar, Luigi Tesio
No normative data are available for the latencies of the EMG signals from the ankle muscles in response to sudden sagittal tilt (toes-UP or toes-DOWN) or shift (shift-FOR or shift-BACK) of the support surface during standing. In this study the postural evoked response (PER) paradigm on the EquiTest™ force platform was applied to 31 healthy adults (18 women and 13 men; mean age 29 years). The EMG latencies (PEREMG) were computed both through the standard manual procedure and through a specially designed automated algorithm...
February 2014: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24029009/a-telerehabilitation-program-by-virtual-reality-video-games-improves-balance-and-postural-control-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#10
Rosa Ortiz Gutiérrez, Fernando Galán Del Río, Roberto Cano de la Cuerda, Isabel M Alguacil Diego, Rafael Arroyo González, Juan Carlos Miangolarra Page
BACKGROUND: Balance and postural control (PC) disorders are frequent motor disorder symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the potential improvements in balance and PC among patients with MS who complete a virtual reality telerehabilitation program that represents a feasible alternative to physical therapy for situations in which conventional treatment is not available. METHODS: 50 patients was recruited...
2013: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23640322/static-and-dynamic-balance-performance-in-patients-with-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fracture
#11
Ling-Yi Wang, Mei-Yun Liaw, Yu-Chi Huang, Yiu-Chung Lau, Chau-Peng Leong, Ya-Ping Pong, Chia-Lin Chen
OBJECTIVE: Patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) have postural changes and increased risk of falling. The aim of this study is to compare balance characteristics between patients with OVCF and healthy control subjects. METHODS: Patients with severe OVCF and control subjects underwent computerised dynamic posturography (CDP) in this case-control study. RESULTS: Forty-seven OVCF patients and 45 controls were recruited...
2013: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23467836/what-is-the-optimal-number-of-treatment-sessions-of-vestibular-rehabilitation
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M Rossi-Izquierdo, S Santos-Pérez, J P Rubio-Rodríguez, A Lirola-Delgado, A Zubizarreta-Gutiérrez, E San Román-Rodríguez, P Juíz-López, A Soto-Varela
Vestibular rehabilitation is effective and safe in patients with instability. However, there is insufficient evidence for distinguishing between efficacies of different dosage of therapies. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to verify whether there were differences between two computerised dynamic posturography (CDP) therapies of different numbers of sessions, in order to establish the optimal strategy. We conducted a prospective, comparative study of two different dosage of CDP therapy (a 5-session group and another of 10-session group) in patients with instability due to chronic unilateral peripheral vestibular disorder...
February 2014: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23365028/long-term-follow-up-of-van-nes-rotationplasty-in-patients-with-congenital-proximal-focal-femoral-deficiency
#13
J Ackman, H Altiok, A Flanagan, M Peer, A Graf, J Krzak, S Hassani, D Eastwood, G F Harris
Van Nes rotationplasty may be used for patients with congenital proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD). The lower limb is rotated to use the ankle and foot as a functional knee joint within a prosthesis. A small series of cases was investigated to determine the long-term outcome. At a mean of 21.5 years (11 to 45) after their rotationplasty, a total of 12 prosthetic patients completed the Short-Form (SF)-36, Faces Pain Scale-Revised, Harris hip score, Oswestry back pain score and Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaires, as did 12 age- and gender-matched normal control participants...
February 2013: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22449224/effectiveness-of-conventional-versus-virtual-reality-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-the-treatment-of-dizziness-gait-and-balance-impairment-in-adults-with-unilateral-peripheral-vestibular-loss-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Dara Meldrum, Susan Herdman, Roisin Moloney, Deirdre Murray, Douglas Duffy, Kareena Malone, Helen French, Stephen Hone, Ronan Conroy, Rory McConn-Walsh
BACKGROUND: Unilateral peripheral vestibular loss results in gait and balance impairment, dizziness and oscillopsia. Vestibular rehabilitation benefits patients but optimal treatment remains unknown. Virtual reality is an emerging tool in rehabilitation and provides opportunities to improve both outcomes and patient satisfaction with treatment. The Nintendo Wii Fit Plus® (NWFP) is a low cost virtual reality system that challenges balance and provides visual and auditory feedback. It may augment the motor learning that is required to improve balance and gait, but no trials to date have investigated efficacy...
2012: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21340557/what-is-the-most-effective-vestibular-rehabilitation-technique-in-patients-with-unilateral-peripheral-vestibular-disorders
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Sofia Santos-Pérez, Andrés Soto-Varela
Vestibular rehabilitation has been found to be effective and safe in patients with instability. There is insufficient evidence, however, for distinguishing between the efficacies of different rehabilitation techniques. The objective of this study is to verify whether there are differences between two instrumental vestibular rehabilitation techniques, computerised dynamic posturography (CDP) and optokinetic stimulation (OKN), in order to establish the optimal strategy for each patient. We conducted a prospective, comparative study of the two techniques (CDP and OKN) in patients with instability due to chronic unilateral peripheral vestibular disorder...
November 2011: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19551316/quantitative-assessment-of-posture-stability-using-computerised-dynamic-posturography-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-neuropathy-and-its-relation-to-glycaemic-control
#16
A A Emam, A M Gad, M M Ahmed, H S Assal, S G Mousa
INTRODUCTION: Patients with diabetic neuropathy have an imbalance, which comes with a higher risk of falls. The aim of this study was to assess posture stability using computerised dynamic posturography in type 2 diabetics mellitus patients with neuropathy as well as its relation to glycaemic control. METHODS: 54 type 2 diabetics mellitus patients with peripheral neuropathy were recruited, together with 18 type 2 diabetics mellitus patients without peripheral neuropathy acting as the control group...
June 2009: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19479494/vestibular-rehabilitation-with-computerised-dynamic-posturography-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-improving-balance-impairment
#17
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Andrés Soto-Varela, Sofia Santos-Pérez, Angel Sesar-Ignacio, Torcuato Labella-Caballero, Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Andrés Soto-Varela, Sofia Santos-Pérez, Angel Sesar-Ignacio, Torcuato Labella-Caballero
PURPOSE: In patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), balance impairment involves considerable morbi-mortality from the numerous falls that may result. In an earlier postural study, we detected that a deteriorated processing of vestibular input is implicated. The aim of the present study is to assess the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation in improving overall stability in patients with PD. METHOD: Out of an initial group of 45 patients with PD, we chose those presenting a high risk of falls, based on their score on the timed up and go test (TUG)...
2009: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19175951/dynamic-posturography-for-staging-of-patients-with-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#18
A Daneshi, N Bozorgzadeh, Alimohamad Asghari, H E Jome, P Mirhaj, M Nojoumi
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, techniques such as computerised dynamic posturography have facilitated objective evaluation of patients with balance disorders. In this study, we used computerised dynamic posturography for clinical staging of Ménière's disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We applied a computerised dynamic posturography sensory organisation test to 53 patients with American Academy of Otolaryngology criteria of Ménière's disease. The following parameters were considered in data analysis: computerised dynamic posturography scores for testing the patient's centre of gravity with a mobile surface, immobile visual surroundings and eyes closed, scores for testing with a mobile surface, mobile visual surroundings and eyes open, and vestibular ratio...
August 2009: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17105679/the-maturation-of-balance-in-children
#19
V L Cumberworth, N N Patel, W Rogers, G S Kenyon
BACKGROUND: Balance function is known to change with age during infancy and childhood. However, the relative contributions of the three primary inputs to position sense are not fully understood. METHODS: In this paper we report the computerised dynamic posturography findings in a group of 60 healthy children from the age of five to 17. RESULTS: The results confirm that there is a progressive improvement in balance function with age. The EquiTest system that was used gave indications of the relative contributions of the three principal contributors to overall balance function and showed that somatosensory function was intact throughout the age range tested and that there are significant increases in vestibular function with age and visual contribution with height...
May 2007: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16876920/recovery-of-dynamic-balance-after-additional-small-divided-doses-of-midazolam-given-intravenously-for-sedation
#20
Toshiaki Fujisawa, Akira Iida, Shigeru Takuma, Hiroyo Koseki, Kunie Kimura, Kazuaki Fukushima
We have previously reported that a dynamic balance test with perturbation stimuli and computerised dynamic posturography sensitively reflected the inhibitory effect on balance of intravenous midazolam sedation given intravenously as a single dose, and recovery time was within 80 min. The purpose of this study was to investigate the recovery of dynamic balance after additional doses of midazolam. Eighteen young adult male volunteers were sedated with midazolam given intravenously. The initial dose was given until the Wilson sedation score reached 3, and an additional dose was given until the same score was obtained 40 min later...
April 2007: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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