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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207774/association-between-the-infant-and-child-feeding-index-icfi-and-nutritional-status-of-6-to-35-month-old-children-in-rural-western-china
#1
Pengfei Qu, Baibing Mi, Duolao Wang, Ruo Zhang, Jiaomei Yang, Danmeng Liu, Shaonong Dang, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the quality of feeding practices and children's nutritional status in rural western China. METHODS: A sample of 12,146 pairs of 6- to 35-month-old children and their mothers were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in rural western China. Quantile regression was used to analyze the relationship between the Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) and children's nutritional status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203458/weldability-machinability-and-surfacing-of-commercial-duplex-stainless-steel-aisi2205-for-marine-applications-a-recent-review
#2
REVIEW
A Vinoth Jebaraj, L Ajaykumar, C R Deepak, K V V Aditya
In the present review, attempts have been made to analyze the metallurgical, mechanical, and corrosion properties of commercial marine alloy duplex stainless steel AISI 2205 with special reference to its weldability, machinability, and surfacing. In the first part, effects of various fusion and solid-state welding processes on joining DSS 2205 with similar and dissimilar metals are addressed. Microstructural changes during the weld cooling cycle such as austenite reformation, partitioning of alloying elements, HAZ transformations, and the intermetallic precipitations are analyzed and compared with the different welding techniques...
May 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196362/practical-application-of-linear-growth-measurements-in-clinical-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries%C3%A2
#3
Jan M Wit, John H Himes, Stef van Buuren, Donna M Denno, Parminder S Suchdev
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Childhood stunting is a prevalent problem in low- and middle-income countries and is associated with long-term adverse neurodevelopment and health outcomes. In this review, we define indicators of growth, discuss key challenges in their analysis and application, and offer suggestions for indicator selection in clinical research contexts. METHODS: Critical review of the literature. RESULTS: Linear growth is commonly expressed as length-for-age or height-for-age z-score (HAZ) in comparison to normative growth standards...
February 14, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183755/complete-genome-sequence-of-mycoplasma-bovigenitalium-strain-haz-596-from-a-bovine-vagina-in-japan
#4
Eiji Hata, Kazuya Nagai, Kenji Murakami
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium, a mycoplasmal species involved in various bovine diseases, including genital disease and mastitis, is also a commensal microorganism that inhabits the bovine genital organs. We present here the complete 853,553-bp genome sequence of M. bovigenitalium strain HAZ 596, which was isolated from a bovine vagina in Japan.
February 9, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148680/the-plasma-proteome-is-associated-with-anthropometric-status-of-undernourished-nepalese-school-aged-children
#5
Sun Eun Lee, Christine P Stewart, Kerry J Schulze, Robert N Cole, Lee S-F Wu, James D Yager, John D Groopman, Subarna K Khatry, Ramesh Kant Adhikari, Parul Christian, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition affects body growth, size, and composition of children. Yet, few functional biomarkers are known to be associated with childhood morphology. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study examined associations of anthropometric indicators of height, musculature, and fat mass with plasma proteins by using proteomics in a population cohort of school-aged Nepalese children. METHODS: Height, weight, midupper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps and subscapular skinfolds, upper arm muscle area (AMA), and arm fat area (AFA) were assessed in 500 children 6-8 y of age...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127367/intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-delo-mena-district-south-eastern-ethiopia
#6
Begna Tulu, Solomon Taye, Yohannes Zenebe, Eden Amsalu
BACKGROUND: Although there are efforts being underway to control and prevent intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) in Ethiopia, they are still endemic and responsible for significant morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IPIs and their association with nutritional status among primary school children of Delo-Mena district, South Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2013. Demographic data was obtained, and IPIs was investigated in a single-stool sample by both direct stool examination and formol-ether concentration techniques...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122930/changes-in-underlying-determinants-explain-rapid-increases-in-child-linear-growth-in-alive-thrive-study-areas-between-2010-and-2014-in-bangladesh-and-vietnam
#7
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Derek Headey, Edward A Frongillo, Lan Mai Tran, Rahul Rawat, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
BACKGROUND: Child linear growth sometimes improves in both intervention and comparison groups in evaluations of nutrition interventions, possibly because of spillover intervention effects to nonintervention areas or improvements in underlying determinants of nutritional change in both areas. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to understand what changes in underlying socioeconomic characteristics and behavioral factors are important in explaining improvements in child linear growth...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100200/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-anaemia-among-children-aged-6-to-59%C3%A2-months-in-namutumba-district-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Fiona Kuziga, Yeka Adoke, Rhoda K Wanyenze
BACKGROUND: Anaemia is one of the major causes of death among children under five years in Africa, with a prevalence of 64.6% among pre-school children. In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional study in Namutumba district in East-central Uganda to determine the prevalence and factors associated with anaemia among children aged 6 to 59 months. METHODS: We conducted a household survey in 376 randomly selected households. One child aged 6 to 59 months was randomly sampled from each selected household...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098147/nanoparticle-induced-unusual-melting-and-solidification-behaviours-of-metals
#9
Chao Ma, Lianyi Chen, Chezheng Cao, Xiaochun Li
Effective control of melting and solidification behaviours of materials is significant for numerous applications. It has been a long-standing challenge to increase the melted zone (MZ) depth while shrinking the heat-affected zone (HAZ) size during local melting and solidification of materials. In this paper, nanoparticle-induced unusual melting and solidification behaviours of metals are reported that effectively solve this long-time dilemma. By introduction of Al2O3 nanoparticles, the MZ depth of Ni is increased by 68%, while the corresponding HAZ size is decreased by 67% in laser melting at a pulse energy of 0...
January 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096416/infrastructure-mitigates-the-sensitivity-of-child-growth-to-local-agriculture-and-rainfall-in-nepal-and-uganda
#10
Gerald E Shively
This paper investigates linear growth and weight gain among 11,946 children below the age of 5 y in Nepal and Uganda, testing the hypothesis that child growth is sensitive to precipitation during key periods in a child's early life. The paper also tests the importance of the economic and physical environments in which children reside. Outcomes are not completely explained by agricultural performance or the observed characteristics of children or their households. Associations between height-for-age z-score (HAZ) and weight-for-height z-score (WHZ) and rainfall are generally positive, but patterns are heterogeneous...
January 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065186/differential-effects-of-dietary-diversity-and-maternal-characteristics-on-linear-growth-of-children-aged-6-59-months-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-multi-country-analysis
#11
Dickson A Amugsi, Zacharie T Dimbuene, Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage, Blessing Mberu, Alex C Ezeh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differential effects of dietary diversity (DD) and maternal characteristics on child linear growth at different points of the conditional distribution of height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) in sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from nationally representative cross-sectional samples of singleton children aged 0-59 months, born to mothers aged 15-49 years. The outcome variable was child HAZ. Quantile regression was used to perform the multivariate analysis...
January 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049661/height-in-healthy-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-assessment
#12
Mahesh Karra, S V Subramanian, Günther Fink
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid economic development and reductions in child mortality worldwide, continued high rates of early childhood stunting have put the global applicability of international child-height standards into question. OBJECTIVES: We used population-based survey data to identify children growing up in healthy environments in low- and middle-income countries and compared the height distribution of these children to the height distribution of the reference sample established by the WHO...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044425/immediate-effects-of-diamond-burr-debridement-in-patients-with-spontaneous-chronic-corneal-epithelial-defects-light-and-electron-microscopic-evaluation
#13
Charlotte Dawson, Carolina Naranjo, Belen Sanchez-Maldonado, Georgina V Fricker, Rose N Linn-Pearl, Natalia Escanilla, Christiane Kafarnik, David J Gould, Rick F Sanchez, Marian Matas-Riera
PURPOSE: To evaluate immediate effects of diamond burr debridement (DBD) on the cornea of canine patients diagnosed with spontaneous chronic corneal epithelial defects (SCCEDs). ANIMALS STUDIED: Eight client owned dogs with SCCEDs. METHODS: Nine eyes from eight dogs with SCCEDs underwent superficial keratectomy (SK). The ulcerated area was divided into quadrants with a 300-micron restricted depth knife. Two of four quadrants underwent DBD for 40-60 s...
January 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030557/anthropometric-improvement-among-hiv-infected-pre-school-children-following-initiation-of-first-line-anti-retroviral-therapy-implications-for-follow-up
#14
Atnafu Mekonnen Tekleab, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Ababi Zergaw Giref, Damte Shimelis, Meseret Gebre
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a lifesaving intervention for HIV infected children. There is a scarcity of data on immunological recovery and its relation with growth indicators among HIV infected young children. The current study aims to assess the pattern of anthropometric Z-score improvement following initiation of first-line ART among under-five children and the relationship between anthropometric Z-score improvement and immunologic recovery. METHODS: We included under-five children who were on first-line ART at five major hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027671/nutrition-status-of-primary-school-students-in-two-rural-regions-of-guinea-bissau
#15
Edward Saltzman, Nina Schlossman, Carrie A Brown, Ionela Balan, Paul Fuss, Payal Batra, Augusto Braima de Sa, Mary Kyla Shea, William M Pruzensky, Carlito Bale, Susan B Roberts
BACKGROUND: The nutrition status of primary schoolchildren in Africa has received relatively little attention in comparison to that of younger children. We surveyed primary school students in Guinea-Bissau, a nation that is among the poorest in the world. OBJECTIVE: Anthropometry and prevalence of anemia and vitamin A deficiency were assessed in schoolchildren participating in International Partnership for Human Development's school feeding program in 2 regions of Guinea-Bissau...
January 1, 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003204/nonviolent-civil-insecurity-is-negatively-associated-with-subsequent-height-for-age-in-children-aged-5-y-born-between-1998-and-2014-in-rural-areas-of-africa
#16
Amelia F Darrouzet-Nardi
BACKGROUND: Civil wars and wars between states have occurred less frequently since the start of the 21st century, but civil insecurity outside the contexts of official wars continues to plague many parts of the world. The nutritional consequences of civil insecurity may disproportionately affect children, especially if experienced during sensitive developmental periods. OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the associations between localized nonviolent and violent civil insecurity during key child nutritional periods and subsequent height-for-age z scores (HAZs) in 145,948 children born between 1998 and 2014 in Africa and examined the type of place of residence as a mediating factor...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958249/physical-growth-and-nutritional-status-assessment-of-school-children-in-enugu-nigeria
#17
J N Eze, T Oguonu, N C Ojinnaka, B C Ibe
BACKGROUND: Physical growth of a child is a reflection of its state of nutrition. In some developing countries such as Nigeria with changing economy and rapidly growing population, the nutritional status of the children is a reflection of the general well-being of the society. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study in which participants were selected using a multistage sampling method. Heights and weights of randomly selected school children aged 6-12 years were measured using standard protocols...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916873/the-effect-of-low-dose-iron-and-zinc-intake-on-child-micronutrient-status-and-development-during-the-first-1000-days-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Erick Boy, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner
Adequate supply of micronutrients during the first 1000 days is essential for normal development and healthy life. We aimed to investigate if interventions administering dietary doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) of iron and zinc within the window from conception to age 2 years have the potential to influence nutritional status and development of children. To address this objective, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and quasi-randomized fortification, biofortification, and supplementation trials in women (pregnant and lactating) and children (6-23 months) delivering iron or zinc in doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) levels was conducted...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895519/portal-hypertension-an-uncommon-clinical-manifestation-of-takayasu-arteritis-in-a-9-year-old-child
#19
Cristina N Herrera, Javier E Tomala-Haz
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is the third most common childhood vasculitis and its clinical manifestations depend on the arteries involved. We report a case of a 9-year-old boy with multiple aneurysms in carotid and iliac arteries, subclavian and coronary arteries, and abdominal aorta. At the age of 7 years, he presented with recurrent fever and hepatosplenomegaly. An angio-computed tomography scan showed aneurysms in the left subclavian artery, abdominal aorta, and both proximal iliac arteries. He was diagnosed with TA and was treated with corticosteroids, aspirin, and enalapril...
2016: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853226/i-can-haz-more-science-emoji-host-of-nerd-icons-proposed
#20
Katherine Bourzac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
17, 2016: Nature
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