keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

haz

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609921/first-report-of-the-genus-i-tettigonia-i-linnaeus-orthoptera-tettigoniidae-tettigoniinae-and-record-of-i-tettigonia-i-i-caudata-i-i-caudata-i-charpentier-1842-from-india
#1
Rajendra Nagar, R Swaminathan
The genus Tettigonia Linnaeus (Tettigoniidae; Tettigoniinae) with the type species, Gryllus (Tettigonia) viridissima Linnaeus, 1758 belongs to the tribe Tettigoniini, which is represented by 15 genera and 27 species worldwide (Cigliano et al., 2017). According to the annotated checklist, the subfamily Tettigoniinae includes the only tribe Platycleidini Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 with 2 genera and 3 species as reported from India by Shishodia et al. (2010). In a review of Orthoptera from the Eastern Palearctic region, the genus Tettigonia Linnaeus was reported by Storozhenko (1994); additionally, some new species of Tettigonia have been described by Ogawa (2003), Greenwalt and Rust (2014), Chobanov et al...
April 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598588/nutritional-outcomes-in-infants-with-food-allergy-after-cardiac-surgery
#2
Wen-Yi Luo, Zhuo-Ming Xu, Li Hong, Qian-Yue Wu, Yue-Yue Zhang
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is a rapidly growing public health concern because of its increasing prevalence, as well as life-threatening potential. There is limited knowledge on the nutritional status for the pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with food allergy. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated both clinical and nutritional outcomes according to the CHD infants with food allergy. METHODS: Forty CHD infants with food allergy and 39 controls were recruited in Shanghai, China...
June 9, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558957/maternal-nutrition-knowledge-and-child-nutritional-outcomes-in-urban-kenya
#3
Bethelhem Legesse Debela, Kathrin M Demmler, Ramona Rischke, Matin Qaim
We examine the link between maternal nutrition knowledge and nutritional outcomes of children and adolescents (5-18 years) measured in terms of height-for-age Z-scores (HAZ). One particular focus is on the role of different types of nutrition knowledge. The analysis builds on household-level and individual-level data collected in urban Kenya in 2012 and 2015. Various regression models are developed and estimated. Results show that maternal nutrition knowledge - measured through an aggregate knowledge score - is positively associated with child HAZ, even after controlling for other influencing factors such as household living standard and general maternal education...
May 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542506/impact-evaluation-of-different-cash-based-intervention-modalities-on-child-and-maternal-nutritional-status-in-sindh-province-pakistan-at-6-mo-and-at-1-y-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bridget Fenn, Tim Colbourn, Carmel Dolan, Silke Pietzsch, Murtaza Sangrasi, Jeremy Shoham
BACKGROUND: Cash-based interventions (CBIs), offer an interesting opportunity to prevent increases in wasting in humanitarian aid settings. However, questions remain as to the impact of CBIs on nutritional status and, therefore, how to incorporate them into emergency programmes to maximise their success in terms of improved nutritional outcomes. This study evaluated the effects of three different CBI modalities on nutritional outcomes in children under 5 y of age at 6 mo and at 1 y. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a four-arm parallel longitudinal cluster randomised controlled trial in 114 villages in Dadu District, Pakistan...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504464/skeletal-maturity-of-the-hand-in-an-east-african-group-from-sudan
#5
Fadil Elamin, Nihal Abdelazeem, Ahmed Elamin, Duaa Saif, Helen M Liversidge
OBJECTIVES: Studies of skeletal maturity from Africa indicate a delay, reflected in a negative relative skeletal age (RSA). This study aims to evaluate the influence of age, socioeconomic status (SES) and nutritional status on skeletal maturation in a large sample of children from North Sudan. MATERIALS: The sample consisted 665 males and 1018 females from 3-25 years from Khartoum. Height, weight, age of menarche and, SES were recorded of patients attending for dental treatment...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498315/factors-associated-with-stunting-among-children-aged-0-to-59-months-from-the-central-region-of-mozambique
#6
Loida M García Cruz, Gloria González Azpeitia, Desiderio Reyes Súarez, Alfredo Santana Rodríguez, Juan Francisco Loro Ferrer, Lluis Serra-Majem
The objective of this study was to identify the major socio-demographic, health, and environmental determinants of stunting among children aged 0-59 months from the Tete province (Mozambique) and offering useful information for future healthcare strategies and interventions. A case-control study was conducted among 282 (162 boys; 120 girls) children under five years of age from the central region of Mozambique between 1 May and 3 June 2014. Children with stunting (HAZ < -2 SD according to the WHO Child Growth Standards in 2006) were considered as cases and those who had a Z-score < -2 SD were considered as controls...
May 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494007/child-malnutrition-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-meta-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-surveys-2006-2016
#7
Blessing J Akombi, Kingsley E Agho, Dafna Merom, Andre M Renzaho, John J Hall
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest levels of child malnutrition globally. Therefore, a critical look at the distribution of malnutrition within its sub-regions is required to identify the worst affected areas. This study provides a meta-analysis of the prevalence of malnutrition indicators (stunting, wasting and underweight) within four sub-regions of sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (2006-2016) of 32 countries in sub-Saharan Africa were used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486441/bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-inherited-bone-marrow-failure-syndromes
#8
Roopa Kanakatti Shankar, Neelam Giri, Maya B Lodish, Ninet Sinaii, James C Reynolds, Sharon A Savage, Constantine A Stratakis, Blanche P Alter
BACKGROUNDPatients with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFS) may have several risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD). We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of low BMD in IBMFS and determine associated risk factors.METHODSPatients with IBMFS with at least one Dual Energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan were evaluated. Diagnosis of each IBMFS, Fanconi anemia (FA), dyskeratosis congenita, Diamond-Blackfan anemia, and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome, was confirmed by syndrome-specific tests. Data were gathered on age, height and clinical history...
May 9, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481997/patterns-of-growth-body-composition-and-lipid-profiles-in-a-south-african-cohort-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-and-uninfected-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Sarah M Ramteke, Stephanie Shiau, Marc Foca, Renate Strehlau, Francoise Pinillos, Faeezah Patel, Avy Violari, Afaaf Liberty, Ashraf Coovadia, Louise Kuhn, Stephen M Arpadi
Background.: Prior research in sub-Saharan Africa reports dyslipidemia in perinatally human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children receiving ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r) compared with efavirenz; however, interpretation of findings is limited by lack of comparison data from HIV-uninfected children. Methods.: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of lipid profiles and growth within a larger longitudinal cohort study of perinatally HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children aged 4-9 years in Johannesburg, South Africa...
May 6, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464868/nutritional-status-and-correlated-socio-economic-factors-among-preschool-and-school-children-in-plantation-communities-sri-lanka
#10
Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Devika Iddawela, Samath D Dharmaratne, G L S Galgamuwa
BACKGROUND: Child malnutrition is a major public health concern worldwide, leading to higher morbidity and mortality. It is mostly preventable through public health and economic development. The aim of the present study was to determine socio-economic factors associated with nutritional status among children in plantation communities, Sri Lanka. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among preschool and school going children in three rural communities of Sri Lanka from January to August 2014...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443373/association-between-women-s-empowerment-and-maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-kalal%C3%A3-district-of-northern-benin
#11
Halimatou Alaofè, Min Zhu, Jennifer Burney, Rosamond Naylor, Taren Douglas
BACKGROUND: Evidence on effectiveness of women's empowerment (WE) to reduce undernutrition is limited in sub-Sahara Africa, and few studies incorporate multidimensional measures of WE. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a WE status, in sum and across leadership, decision-making, mobility, economic security, male involvement in housework, and nonfamily group domains, is associated with women and their children nutritional status in Kalalé district of northern Benin. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2014 Solar Market Garden baseline study: 767 paired reproductive-age women aged 15 to 49 years and children 6 to 59 months old...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422940/body-composition-at-birth-and-height-at-2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study-among-children-in-jimma-ethiopia
#12
Bitiya Admassu, Jonathan C K Wells, Tsinuel Girma, Gregers S Andersen, Victor Owino, Tefera Belachew, Kim F Michaelsen, Mubarek Abera, Rasmus Wibaek, Henrik Friis, Pernille Kæstel
BACKGROUNDLow birth weight is associated with childhood stunting, but equivalent associations for birth body composition (BC) remain unknown. The aim of this study was to assess associations between birth BC and height-for-age z-score (HAZ) at 2 years of age.METHODSIn a prospective cohort study, fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were measured using air-displacement plethysmography within 48 h of birth. Linear regression models were applied to study the relationship between BC at birth and HAZ at 24 ±3 months...
June 7, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374648/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-ready-to-use-supplementary-foods-demonstrates-benefit-of-the-higher-dairy-supplement-for-reduced-wasting-in-mothers-and-differential-impact-in-infants-and-children-associated-with-maternal-supplement-response
#13
Nina Schlossman, Carrie Brown, Payal Batra, Augusto Braima de Sa, Ionela Balan, Adrian Balan, Madeleine G Gamache, Lauren Wood, William Pruzensky, Edward Saltzman, Susan B Roberts, Carlito Balé
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus over best approaches to reliably prevent malnutrition in rural communities in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effectiveness of 2 lipid-based ready-to-use supplementary foods (RUSFs) differing in dairy protein content to improve the nutritional status of mothers and at-risk infants and young children in rural Guinea-Bissau. METHODS: A 3-month cluster-randomized controlled pilot trial of 2 RUSFs was conducted with 692 mothers and 580 mildly or moderately malnourished infants (6-23 months) and children (24-59 months) from 13 villages...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327104/characterizing-early-child-growth-patterns-of-height-for-age-in-an-urban-slum-cohort-of-bangladesh-with-functional-principal-component-analysis
#14
Yin Zhang, Jianhui Zhou, Feiyang Niu, Jeffrey R Donowitz, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Jennie Z Ma
BACKGROUND: Early childhood is a critical stage of physical and cognitive growth that forms the foundation of future wellbeing. Stunted growth is presented in one of every 4 children worldwide and contributes to developmental impairment and under-five mortality. Better understanding of early growth patterns should allow for early detection and intervention in malnutrition. We aimed to characterize early child growth patterns and quantify the change of growth curves from the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298540/boys-are-more-stunted-than-girls-from-early-infancy-to-3-y-of-age-in-rural-senegal
#15
Kirsten A Bork, Aldiouma Diallo
Background: Girls tend to have a lower risk of stunting than boys do in low-income countries.Objective: We evaluated differences in height status and complementary food (CF) intake between sexes from ages 2 to 39 mo in Senegal.Methods: Length and weight measurements were taken at ages 2-3, 4-5, 6-8, and 9-10 mo (n = 7319). Qualitative 24-h and 7-d food recalls were conducted in a subgroup (n = 2512). A smaller subsample was followed up to age 39 mo (n = 512). Height was measured, and intake of CF was noted...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293424/application-of-penalized-linear-regression-methods-to-the-selection-of-environmental-enteropathy-biomarkers
#16
Miao Lu, Jianhui Zhou, Caitlin Naylor, Beth D Kirkpatrick, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Jennie Z Ma
BACKGROUND: Environmental Enteropathy (EE) is a subclinical condition caused by constant fecal-oral contamination and resulting in blunting of intestinal villi and intestinal inflammation. Of primary interest in the clinical research is to evaluate the association between non-invasive EE biomarkers and malnutrition in a cohort of Bangladeshi children. The challenges are that the number of biomarkers/covariates is relatively large, and some of them are highly correlated. METHODS: Many variable selection methods are available in the literature, but which are most appropriate for EE biomarker selection remains unclear...
2017: Biomarker Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265359/the-relationship-between-agricultural-biodiversity-dietary-diversity-household-food-security-and-stunting-of-children-in-rural-kenya
#17
Florence K M'Kaibi, Nelia P Steyn, Sophie A Ochola, Lissane Du Plessis
The study was to determine the role of Dietary diversity (DD), household food security (HFS), and agricultural biodiversity (AB) on stunted growth in children. Two cross-sectional studies were undertaken 6 months apart. Interviews were done with mothers/caregivers and anthropometric measurements of children 24-59 months old. HFS was assessed by household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS). A repeated 24-h recall was used to calculate a dietary diversity score (DDS). Agricultural biodiversity (AB) was calculated by counting the number of edible plants and animals...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264008/women-s-autonomy-and-men-s-involvement-in-child-care-and-feeding-as-predictors-of-infant-and-young-child-anthropometric-indices-in-coffee-farming-households-of-jimma-zone-south-west-of-ethiopia
#18
Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: Most of child mortality and under nutrition in developing world were attributed to suboptimal childcare and feeding, which needs detailed investigation beyond the proximal factors. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing associations of women's autonomy and men's involvement with child anthropometric indices in cash crop livelihood areas of South West Ethiopia. METHODS: Multi-stage stratified sampling was used to select 749 farming households living in three coffee producing sub-districts of Jimma zone, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238109/erythrocyte-fatty-acid-composition-of-nepal-breast-fed-infants
#19
Sigrun Henjum, Øyvind Lie, Manjeswori Ulak, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Ram K Chandyo, Prakash S Shrestha, Wafaie W Fawzi, Tor A Strand, Marian Kjellevold
PURPOSE: Essential fatty acids play a critical role in the growth and development of infants, but little is known about the fatty acid status of populations in low-income countries. The objective was to describe the fatty acid composition of red blood cells (RBC) in breastfeed Nepali infants and a subsample of their mothers and to identify the main sources of fatty acids in the mother's diet, as well as the fatty acid composition of breast milk. METHODS: RBC fatty acid composition was analyzed in a random sample of 303 infants and 72 mother, along with 68 breastmilk samples...
February 25, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222325/household-food-group-expenditure-patterns-are-associated-with-child-anthropometry-at-ages-5-8-and-12-years-in-ethiopia-india-peru-and-vietnam
#20
Debbie L Humphries, Kirk A Dearden, Benjamin T Crookston, Tassew Woldehanna, Mary E Penny, Jere R Behrman
Population-level analysis of dietary influences on nutritional status is challenging in part due to limitations in dietary intake data. Household expenditure surveys, covering recent household expenditures and including key food groups, are routinely conducted in low- and middle-income countries. These data may help identify patterns of food expenditure that relate to child growth. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationship between household food expenditures and child growth using factor analysis...
February 14, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
keyword
keyword
65011
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"