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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551939/-is-there-a-way-to-reduce-iron-deficiency-anemia-rates-in-the-second-year-of-life-of-bedouin-children-in-the-negev
#1
Orly Kerub, Hillel Vardi, Boris Knyazer, Natalya Bilenko
INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common worldwide nutritional deficiency contributing to childhood morbidity and mortality. According to the official health policy in Israel, providing iron for all babies from the age of 4 months to the age of one year old is recommended. This policy also recommends providing iron supplementation for an additional 6 months for toddlers (who are one year old) with anemia (hemoglobin<11mg/dl). Despite this policy, there is still a high rate of anemia in the Negev's two year old children, especially in the Bedouin population...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551933/-recommendations-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-acute-gastroenteritis-in-israel-update-2017
#2
Firas Rinawi, Shai Ashkenazi, Michael Wilschanski, Eli Somekh, Raanan Shamir
AIMS: The aim of these guidelines is to update and extend evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in Israel, based on new data and the recently published European update. METHODS: The recommendations, which are based on a systematic review of the literature, were graded by the level of evidence. The guidelines were endorsed by the Israeli societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Pediatric Infectious Diseases and the Israeli Association of Pediatrics...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551925/-clinical-characteristics-of-male-patients-with-osteoporosis-referred-to-the-endocrine-clinic-of-a-tertiary-hospital
#3
Gloria Tsvetov, Ilana Shraga-Slutzky, Dania Hirsch, Hiba Masri, Tzippy Shohat, Alexander Gorshtein, Ilan Shimon
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis in men is underdiagnosed and undertreated. The prevalence of male osteoporosis increases with age and it becomes a significant public health burden. Currently, there are a few clinical studies on male osteoporosis with limited knowledge of effective therapeutic options. AIMS: Our study aimed to characterize men with osteoporosis in a referral metabolic clinic in Rabin Medical Center at the Beilinson Campus. METHODS: In this study we retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 270 consecutive male patients with osteoporosis diagnosed and treated in our clinic during 2013...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551922/-the-treatment-of-hypertension-by-fixed-drug-combinations-in-patients-hospitalized-at-the-department-of-medicine
#4
Avishay Elis, Amit Akirov
AIMS: To determine the rate of hypertensive patients hospitalized at the department of medicine who are treated or are candidates for fixed dose drug combinations. BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of hypertension and rates of awareness, The number of patients treated and well controlled are low. The main reasons for not achieving blood pressure target levels are compliance and persistence with drug therapy. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective records review was conducted of hypertensive patients hospitalized at departments of medicine during 2014...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551920/-women-s-cardiac-health-from-theory-to-activism
#5
REVIEW
Avital Porter
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the western world, in both genders. Although awareness of the importance of prevention, diagnosis and optimal treatment of CVD has risen in general, most women are not fully aware of their CVD risk. Moreover, women are not alert to the burden of risk in their reproductive years (e.g. complicated pregnancy and/or peri-menopausal period) and their impact on future CVD. Unique Female issues such as: fertile age, menopause, oral contraceptives, hormonal and metabolic disorders during pregnancy, labor, as well as psychological matters, and healthy life-style are major contributors to primary and secondary prevention of CVD...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551916/-high-velocity-penetrating-head-and-neck-injuries-of-syrian-civil-war-casualties-treated-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#6
Ohad Ronen, Nidal Assadi, Eyal Sela
INTRODUCTION: For two years the State of Israel has been treating casualties from the Syrian civil war. The Galilee Medical Center in Nahariya is the main hospital for this humanitarian mission. Objectives: To evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of the casualties that were treated in our department. METHODS: Information from medical records of all Syrian casualties evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center were evaluated. RESULTS: Between March 2013 and December 2014, 450 casualties were evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551915/-characteristics-of-large-pericardial-effusion-in-a-well-defined-geographical-region
#7
Moanis Serhan, Ruhi Abdallah, Shaul Atar
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion can occur as a result of primary pericardial disease or secondary to systemic disease. Analysis of the features of pericardial effusion in correlation with clinical and demographic findings can help clinicians to determine the correct diagnosis and to choose the appropriate treatment and reduce patient mortality and morbidity. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the characteristics of pericardial effusion and the prevalence of the different etiologies and their correlation with demographics, clinical characteristics and medical history in 86 patients admitted to Galilee Medical Center from 2001 to 2010 who underwent pericardiocentesis or pericardial window...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551909/-dermatological-diseases-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients-in-the-galilee-medical-center-comparison-between-two-age-groups
#8
Maayan Lahav Sher, Orly Yakir, Ora Bitterman-Deutsch
INTRODUCTION: Although dermatologic conditions bring relatively few people to the Emergency Department, hospitalized patients, especially older people, often suffer from skin problems that contribute to their morbidity. AIMS: We wanted to identify the frequency, clinical course, treatment and influence on hospitalization of dermatologic conditions in patients hospitalized in internal and geriatric departments in Galilee Medical Center. We concentrated on two groups of adults, aged 40-65 years (adult group) and above 65 years (elderly group), in order to understand differences in the cause of referral, type of diagnosis and mode of treatment...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551902/-treatment-options-for-diabetic-macular-edema
#9
REVIEW
Efraim Berco, Daniel Rappoport, Ayala Pollack
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of vision loss in people under 65 years of age. Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the most common cause of moderate visual impairment in individuals with DR. Until recently, focal or grid laser photocoagulation has been the standard of care for DME. Laser photocoagulation has been shown to stabilize vision and prevent moderate vision loss. Recent studies on the effect of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) substances in DME, showed resolution of the edema and visual acuity gain...
February 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551897/-phacoemulsification-in-eyes-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-amd
#10
Daniel Rappoport, Mordechai Goldberg, Amir Bukelman, Haya Katz, Lital Goldberg, Ayala Pollack
INTRODUCTION: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the western world. The debate continues over the safety of cataract surgery in the setting of neovascular (wet) AMD. This retrospective review aims to describe our experience in treating patients with wet AMD, who underwent cataract surgery by phacoemulsification. METHODS: We prepared a retrospective chart review of patients treated in our clinic between the years 2006 - 2013...
February 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551888/effects-of-long-term-exposure-to-traffic-related-air-pollution-on-lung-function-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Erica S Schultz, Augusto A Litonjua, Erik Melén
Lung function in early life has been shown to be an important predictor for peak lung function in adults and later decline. Reduced lung function per se is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. With this review, we aim to summarize the current epidemiological evidence on the effect of traffic-related air pollution on lung function in children and adolescents. We focus in particular on time windows of exposure, small airway involvement, and vulnerable sub-groups in the population. Findings from studies published to date support the notion that exposure over the entire childhood age range seems to be of importance for lung function development...
June 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551880/the-role-of-mkp-1-in-insulin-induced-cardioprotection
#12
Ingrid Webster, Angelique Smith, Amanda Lochner, Barbara Huisamen
PURPOSE: The mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatases (MKPs) are a family of dual-specificity phosphatases that inactivate MAPKs by dephosphorylation. Impairment of MKP-1 expression in insulin resistance has been suggested to affect the cardioprotective properties of insulin. We hypothesized that manipulation of its activity during myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion of control as well as insulin-resistant rats may affect the outcome. METHODS: Hearts from 16 week dietary induced obese Wistar rats and their age matched controls were isolated, perfused in the working mode and subjected to 15 min global ischaemia / 30 min reperfusion or 35 min coronary artery ligation/ 60 min reperfusion...
May 27, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551879/risk-of-progression-in-macula-on-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment
#13
Josep Callizo, Sebastian Pfeiffer, Eva Lahme, Christian van Oterendorp, Mohammed Khattab, Sebastian Bemme, Miroslav Kulanga, Hans Hoerauf, Nicolas Feltgen
PURPOSE: To identify factors that may lead to a rapid progression in macula-on rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), in particular, those that may lead to macular involvement. METHODS: Observational, prospective, single-center study. Patients referred for surgery due to primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with the macula on between 2009 and 2013 were included. Relevant factors analyzed included age, time delay until surgery, lens status, myopia, the detachment's location and configuration as well as number, size and type of retinal breaks...
May 27, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551877/loss-of-gait-control-assessed-by-cognitive-motor-dual-tasks-pros-and-cons-in-detecting-people-at-risk-of-developing-alzheimer-s-and-parkinson-s-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Maroua Belghali, Nathalie Chastan, Fabien Cignetti, Damien Davenne, Leslie M Decker
Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases are age-related progressive neurodegenerative diseases of increasing prevalence worldwide. In the absence of curative therapy, current research is interested in prevention, by identifying subtle signs of early-stage neurodegeneration. Today, the field of behavioral neuroscience has emerged as one of the most promising areas of research on this topic. Recently, it has been shown that the exacerbation of gait disorders under dual-task conditions (i.e., simultaneous performance of cognitive and motor tasks) could be a characteristic feature of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases...
May 27, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551847/prior-malignancies-in-patients-harboring-glioblastoma-an-institutional-case-study-of-2164-patients
#15
REVIEW
Brad E Zacharia, Natalie DiStefano, Marius M Mader, Muhammad O Chohan, Shahiba Ogilvie, Cameron Brennan, Philip Gutin, Viviane Tabar
More patients are surviving long-term following a cancer diagnosis and as such are at risk for second malignancies. As the most common primary brain tumor, glioblastoma (GBM) will not infrequently occur in this population. No study has examined the incidence of prior cancer (PC) in patients harboring GBM. Here we evaluate the epidemiological features, as well as the molecular and clinical characteristics of GBM as a second cancer. Utilizing a web-based cancer data management system at our institution, we identified 2164 patients harboring GBM from 2007 to 2014...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551842/psychometric-testing-of-the-mandarin-version-of-the-34-item-short-form-supportive-care-needs-survey-in-patients-with-cancer-in-mainland-china
#16
Yuan Han, Ying Zhou, Jing Wang, Qian Zhao, Huiying Qin, Yuying Fan, Yalan Song, Allison Boyes, Shuzhong Cui
PURPOSE: Although the Supportive Care Needs Survey is one of the most comprehensive and robust cancer-specific needs assessment instruments, no version exists specifically for cancer patients in mainland China. This study tested the psychometric properties of the Mandarin version of the 34-item Short-Form Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS-SF34-C (Mandarin)) in mainland Chinese cancer patients. METHODS: From December 2015 to May 2016, patients were recruited from two cancer centers in Guangzhou, China, to complete the SCNS-SF34-C (Mandarin)...
May 27, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551835/measurement-of-quality-of-life-and-attitudes-towards-illness-in-children-and-young-people-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Jennifer Heath, Paul Norman, Martin Christian, Alan Watson
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can place restrictions upon biopsychosocial development in children; consequently, assessment of self-reported quality of life (QoL) is important in patient evaluations. This research aimed to evaluate a generic and renal-specific self-report QoL scale, assess children's attitudes towards living with CKD and propose an appropriate tool for future individual clinical use or departmental audit. METHODS: Seventy-one children (41 male, 30 female; mean age = 13...
May 27, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551834/increased-bone-tracer-uptake-in-symptomatic-patients-with-acl-graft-insufficiency-a-correlation-of-mri-and-spect-ct-findings
#18
Dominic T Mathis, Anna Hirschmann, Anna L Falkowski, Tommi Kiekara, Felix Amsler, Helmut Rasch, Michael T Hirschmann
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and single-photon emission computerised tomography/computerised tomography (SPECT/CT) are used as diagnostic tools in symptomatic patients after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The benefit of SPECT/CT in comparison with MRI is under debate. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether and how bone tracer uptake (BTU) intensity and distribution in SPECT/CT correlate with MRI findings in symptomatic patients after ACL reconstruction...
May 27, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551821/short-and-long-term-outcomes-after-non-severe-acute-kidney-injury
#19
Carlos Arias-Cabrales, Eva Rodríguez, Sheila Bermejo, Adriana Sierra, Carla Burballa, Clara Barrios, María José Soler, Julio Pascual
BACKGROUND: Severe acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD), cardiovascular events and increased mortality. However, little is known about the prognosis in hospitalized population suffering from non-severe AKI episodes. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of non-severe AKI episodes in cardiovascular events, mortality and CKD, on short and long term. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study to 360 patients who met the criteria for diagnosis of AKI according ADQI guidelines with full recovery of renal function after the AKI episode, admitted between January 2000 and December 2010 in our hospital...
May 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551813/cd45ra-foxp3-high-regulatory-t-cells-have-a-negative-impact-on-the-clinical-outcome-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Fumie Ihara, Daiju Sakurai, Atsushi Horinaka, Yuji Makita, Akira Fujikawa, Toshioki Sakurai, Kazuki Yamasaki, Naoki Kunii, Shinichiro Motohashi, Toshinori Nakayama, Yoshitaka Okamoto
BACKGROUND: Although regulatory T cells (Tregs) are thought to play an important role in immune suppression, their clinical significance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is unclear. A recent study reported Tregs could be divided into functional subsets based on the expression of CD45RA and Foxp3. METHOD: The frequency of circulating Treg subsets was analyzed in patients with HNSCC and compared with the frequency in patients with benign tumors. The association of Treg subsets with the frequency of lymphocyte subsets, status of progression, clinical course, and prognosis were also examined...
May 27, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
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