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Antimicrobial peptide tobacco

Fan Yang, Yang Wang, Niranji Sumathipala, Xiaolong Cao, Michael R Kanost, Haobo Jiang
Insect prophenoloxidase activation is coordinated by a serine protease network, which is regulated by serine protease inhibitors of the serpin superfamily. The enzyme system also leads to proteolytic processing of a Spätzle precursor. Binding of Spätzle to a Toll receptor turns on a signaling pathway to induce the synthesis of defense proteins. Previous studies of the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta have revealed key members of the protease cascade, which generates phenoloxidase for melanogenesis and Spätzle to induce immunity-related genes...
August 2018: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Arne Weinhold, Elham Karimi Dorcheh, Ran Li, Natarajan Rameshkumar, Ian T Baldwin
Plant-microbe associations are thought to be beneficial for plant growth and resistance against biotic or abiotic stresses, but for natural ecosystems, the ecological analysis of microbiome function remains in its infancy. We used transformed wild tobacco plants ( Nicotiana attenuata ) which constitutively express an antimicrobial peptide (Mc-AMP1) of the common ice plant, to establish an ecological tool for plant-microbe studies in the field. Transgenic plants showed in planta activity against plant-beneficial bacteria and were phenotyped within the plants´ natural habitat regarding growth, fitness and the resistance against herbivores...
April 17, 2018: ELife
Kamonwan Weerawanich, Gina Webster, Julian K-C Ma, Waranyoo Phoolcharoen, Supaart Sirikantaramas
Defensins are a group of plant antimicrobial peptides. In a previous study, it was reported that two recombinant rice (Oryza sativa L.) defensin (OsDEF) genes (OsDEF7 and OsDEF8) produced heterologously by bacteria inhibited the growth of several phytopathogen. Here, we analyzed gene expression patterns in Thai jasmine rice (O. sativa L. ssp. indica 'KDML 105') using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and compared them with those in Japanese rice (O. sativa L. ssp. japonica 'Nipponbare')...
March 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Edita Holásková, Petr Galuszka, Alžbeta Mičúchová, Marek Šebela, M Tufan Öz, Ivo Frébort
The peptide LL-37, a component of the human innate immune system, represents a promising drug candidate. In particular, the development of low-cost production platform technology is a critical bottleneck in its use in medicine. In the present study, a viable approach for the LL-37 production in transgenic barley was developed. First, comparative analyses of the effects of different fused peptide epitope tags applicable for accumulation and purification on LL-37 production yield were performed using transient expression in tobacco leaves...
January 25, 2018: Biotechnology Journal
Guixia Hao, Shujian Zhang, Ed Stover
Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) associated with 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (Las) and citrus canker disease incited by Xanthomonas citri are the most devastating citrus diseases worldwide. To control citrus HLB and canker disease, we previously screened over forty antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in vitro for their potential application in genetic engineering. D2A21 was one of the most active AMPs against X. citri, Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Sinorhizobium meliloti with low hemolysis activity. Therefore, we conducted this work to assess transgenic expression of D2A21 peptide to achieve citrus resistant to canker and HLB...
2017: PloS One
S Li, G Schmalz, J Schmidt, F Krause, R Haak, D Ziebolz
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) play a critical role in controlling innate and acquired immune responses. Local dysregulation of AMP is implicated in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases as a response to periodontal pathogen challenge. Changes in AMP expression also characterize tobacco smoking, diabetes mellitus, obesity and rheumatoid arthritis, which are established risk factors of periodontal diseases, suggesting AMP may act as putative mechanistic links between these. The aim was to evaluate and summarize critically the current evidence pertaining to interrelationships between AMPs, periodontal diseases and selected periodontal disease risk factors...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
Li Li, Lan Mu, Xiaojuan Wang, Jingfeng Yu, Ruiping Hu, Zhen Li
This study aimed to describe a Bacillus subtilis expression system based on genetically modified B. subtilis. Abaecin, an antimicrobial peptide obtained from Apis mellifera, can enhance the effect of pore-forming peptides from other species on the inhibition of bacterial growth. For the exogenous expression, the abaecin gene was fused with a tobacco etch virus protease cleavage site, a promoter Pglv, and a mature beta-glucanase signal peptide. Also, a B. subtilis expression system was constructed. The recombinant abaecin gene was expressed and purified as a recombinant protein in the culture supernatant...
October 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Xue Zhong, Munmun Chowdhury, Chun-Feng Li, Xiao-Qiang Yu
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) play an important role in defense against microbial infections in insects. Expression of AMPs is regulated mainly by NF-κB factors Dorsal, Dif and Relish. Our previous study showed that both NF-κB and GATA-1 factors are required for activation of moricin promoter in the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, and a 140-bp region in the moricin promoter contains binding sites for additional transcription factors. In this study, we identified three forkhead (Fkh)-binding sites in the 140-bp region of the moricin promoter and several Fkh-binding sites in the lysozyme promoter, and demonstrated that Fkh-binding sites are required for activation of both moricin and lysozyme promoters by Fkh factors...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xiaolin Zhang, Anmin Jiang, Guisheng Wang, Hao Yu, Banghua Qi, Youyi Xiong, Guoliang Zhou, Meisong Qin, Jinfeng Dou, Jianfei Wang
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) shows increasingly enhanced resistance to various antibiotics, and its eradication has become a major problem in medicine. The antimicrobial peptide PGLa-AM1 is a short peptide with 22 amino acids and exhibits strong antibacterial activity. In this study, we investigated whether it has anti-H. pylori activity for the further development of anti-H. pylori drugs to replace existing antibiotics. However, the natural antimicrobial peptide PGLa-AM1 shows a low yield and is difficult to separate, limiting its application...
July 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Lisa M Brummett, Michael R Kanost, Maureen J Gorman
Transferrins are secreted proteins that bind iron. The well-studied transferrins are mammalian serum transferrin, which is involved in iron transport, and mammalian lactoferrin, which functions as an immune protein. Lactoferrin and lactoferrin-derived peptides have bactericidal activity, and the iron-free form of lactoferrin has bacteriostatic activity due to its ability to sequester iron. Insect transferrin is similar in sequence to both serum transferrin and lactoferrin, and its functions are not well-characterized; however, many studies of insect transferrin indicate that it has some type of immune function...
February 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Chun Su, Zhaoju Xiang, Yibo Liu, Xinqing Zhao, Yan Sun, Zhi Li, Lijun Li, Fan Chang, Tianjun Chen, Xinrong Wen, Yidan Zhou, Furong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Serratia are potential producers of many useful secondary metabolites, such as prodigiosin and serrawettins, which have potential applications in environmental bioremediation or in the pharmaceutical industry. Several Serratia strains produce prodigiosin and serrawettin W1 as the main bioactive compounds, and the biosynthetic pathways are co-regulated by quorum sensing (QS). In contrast, the Serratia strain, which can simultaneously produce prodigiosin and serrawettin W2, has not been reported...
November 3, 2016: BMC Genomics
Xiu-Mei Luo, Cheng-Jian Xie, De Wang, Yun-Min Wei, Jie Cai, Shan-Shan Cheng, Xing -Yong Yang, An -Ping Sui
Psc-AFP, isolated from the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia L., is an antimicrobial protein with trypsin inhibitor activity. Its encoding gene was cloned by 3'- rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) combined with Y-shaped adaptor-dependent extension (YADE) method. The gene Psc-AFP encodes a protein of 203 amino acids with a deduced signal peptide of 24 residues. The growth inhibition effect exerted by the heterologously expressed Psc-AFP in Pichia pastoris revealed that the recombinant Psc-AFP inhibited mycelium growth of Aspergillus niger, Rhizoctonia solani, and Alternaria brassicae and conidial germination of Alternaria alternata...
February 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Roman A Komakhin, Denis A Vysotskii, Rahim R Shukurov, Vera D Voblikova, Vera V Komakhina, Svetlana R Strelnikova, Ekaterina M Vetchinkina, Alexey V Babakov
BACKGROUND: In a previous study we found that in chickweed the expression level of the pro-SmAMP2 gene was comparable or even higher to that of the β-actin gene. This high level of the gene expression has attracted our attention as an opportunity for the identification of novel strong promoters of plant origin, which could find its application in plant biotechnology. Therefore, in the present study we focused on the nucleotide sequence identification and the functional characteristics of the pro-SmAMP2 promoter in transgenic plants...
May 18, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
Sílvia Vilà, Esther Badosa, Emilio Montesinos, Marta Planas, Lidia Feliu
Cyclolipopeptides derived from the antimicrobial peptide c(Lys-Lys-Leu-Lys-Lys-Phe-Lys-Lys-Leu-Gln) (BPC194) were prepared on solid-phase and screened against four plant pathogens. The incorporation at Lys5 of fatty acids of 4 to 9 carbon atoms led to active cyclolipopeptides. The influence on the antimicrobial activity of the Lys residue that is derivatized was also evaluated. In general, acylation of Lys1, Lys2 or Lys5 rendered the sequences with the highest activity. Incorporation of a D-amino acid maintained the antimicrobial activity while significantly reduced the hemolysis...
2016: PloS One
Qasim Al Souhail, Yasuaki Hiromasa, Mohammad Rahnamaeian, Martha C Giraldo, Daisuke Takahashi, Barbara Valent, Andreas Vilcinskas, Michael R Kanost
Insects secrete antimicrobial peptides as part of the innate immune response. Most antimicrobial peptides from insects have antibacterial but not antifungal activity. We have characterized an antifungal peptide, diapausin-1 from hemolymph of a lepidopteran insect, Manduca sexta (tobacco hornworm). Diapausin-1 was isolated by size exclusion chromatography from hemolymph plasma of larvae that were previously injected with a yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Fractions containing activity against S. cerevisiae were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF MS/MS and found to contain a 45-residue peptide that was encoded by sequences identified in M...
August 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Xue Zhong, Xiang-Jun Rao, Hui-Yu Yi, Xin-Yu Lin, Xiao-Hong Huang, Xiao-Qiang Yu
Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) plays an essential role in regulation of innate immunity. In mammals, NF-κB factors can form homodimers and heterodimers to activate gene expression. In insects, three NF-κB factors, Dorsal, Dif and Relish, have been identified to activate antimicrobial peptide (AMP) gene expression. However, it is not clear whether Dorsal (or Dif) and Relish can form heterodimers. Here we report the identification and functional analysis of a Dorsal homologue (MsDorsal) and two Relish short isoforms (MsRel2A and MsRel2B) from the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yun-Peng Wang, Zheng-Yi Wei, Yu-Ying Zhang, Chun-Jing Lin, Xiao-Fang Zhong, Yue-Lin Wang, Jing-Yong Ma, Jian Ma, Shao-Chen Xing
Rice blast is a major destructive fungal disease that poses a serious threat to rice production and the improvement of blast resistance is critical to rice breeding. The antimicrobial peptide MSI-99 has been suggested as an antimicrobial peptide conferring resistance to bacterial and fungal diseases. Here, a vector harboring the MSI-99 gene was constructed and introduced into the tobacco chloroplast genome via particle bombardment. Transformed plants were obtained and verified to be homoplastomic by PCR and Southern hybridization...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Kimberly Booth, Lizzette Cambron, Nathan Fisher, Kendra J Greenlee
Research on how insect immunity changes with age as insects develop within an instar, or larval developmental stage, is limited and contradictory. Insects within an instar are preparing for the next developmental stage, which may involve changes in morphology or habitat. Immunity may also vary accordingly. To determine how immunity varies in the fifth instar, we tested humoral immune responses, antimicrobial peptide activity, and phenoloxidase activity using the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta. We determined that while M...
March 2015: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
Irshad Ahmad Rather, Praveen Awasthi, Vidushi Mahajan, Yashbir S Bedi, Ram A Vishwakarma, Sumit G Gandhi
Pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins are involved in biotic and abiotic stress responses of plants and are grouped into 17 families (PR-1 to PR-17). PR-5 family includes proteins related to thaumatin and osmotin, with several members possessing antimicrobial properties. In this study, a PR-5 gene showing a high degree of homology with osmotin-like protein was isolated from sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). A complete open reading frame consisting of 675 nucleotides, coding for a precursor protein, was obtained by PCR amplification...
March 1, 2015: Gene
Sunita Patro, Soumitra Maiti, Santosh Kumar Panda, Nrisingha Dey
We describe the use of plant-made β-defensins as effective antimicrobial substances for controlling salmonellosis, a deadly infection caused by Salmonella typhimurium (referred to further as S. typhi). Human β-defensin-1 (hBD-1) and -2 (hBD-2) were expressed under the control of strong constitutive promoters in tobacco plants, and bio-active β-defensins were successfully extracted. In the in vitro studies, enriched recombinant plant-derived human β-defensin-1 (phBD-1) and -2 (phBD-2) obtained from both T1 and T2 transgenic plants showed significant antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and S...
April 2015: Transgenic Research
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