keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925723/regenerative-therapy-for-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#1
Naritaka Kimura
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect, affecting 1 in 100 babies. Among CHDs, single ventricle (SV) physiologies, such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome and tricuspid atresia, are particularly severe conditions that require multiple palliative surgeries, including the Fontan procedure. Although the management strategies for SV patients have markedly improved, the prevalence of ventricular dysfunction continues to increase over time, especially after the Fontan procedure. At present, the final treatment for SV patients who develop heart failure is heart transplantation; however, transplantation is difficult to achieve because of severe donor shortages...
June 19, 2018: Keio Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924955/sodium-thiosulfate-for-protection-from-cisplatin-induced-hearing-loss
#2
Penelope R Brock, Rudolf Maibach, Margaret Childs, Kaukab Rajput, Derek Roebuck, Michael J Sullivan, Véronique Laithier, Milind Ronghe, Patrizia Dall'Igna, Eiso Hiyama, Bénédicte Brichard, Jane Skeen, M Elena Mateos, Michael Capra, Arun A Rangaswami, Marc Ansari, Catherine Rechnitzer, Gareth J Veal, Anna Covezzoli, Laurence Brugières, Giorgio Perilongo, Piotr Czauderna, Bruce Morland, Edward A Neuwelt
Background Cisplatin chemotherapy and surgery are effective treatments for children with standard-risk hepatoblastoma but may cause considerable and irreversible hearing loss. This trial compared cisplatin with cisplatin plus delayed administration of sodium thiosulfate, aiming to reduce the incidence and severity of cisplatin-related ototoxic effects without jeopardizing overall and event-free survival. Methods We randomly assigned children older than 1 month and younger than 18 years of age who had standard-risk hepatoblastoma (≤3 involved liver sectors, no metastatic disease, and an alpha-fetoprotein level of >100 ng per milliliter) to receive cisplatin alone (at a dose of 80 mg per square meter of body-surface area, administered over a period of 6 hours) or cisplatin plus sodium thiosulfate (at a dose of 20 g per square meter, administered intravenously over a 15-minute period, 6 hours after the discontinuation of cisplatin) for four preoperative and two postoperative courses...
June 21, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923476/out-of-pocket-medical-expenses-in-severe-chd
#3
Justin J Elhoff, Kimberly E McHugh, Jason R Buckley, Shaine A Morris, Kit N Simpson, Mark A Scheurer
IntroductionFamilies of children born with CHD face added stress owing to uncertainty about the magnitude of the financial burden for medical costs they will face. This study seeks to assess the family responsibility for healthcare bills during the first 12 months of life for commercially insured children undergoing surgery for severe CHD. METHODS: The MarketScan ® database from Truven was used to identify commercially insured infants in 39 states from 2010 to 2012 with an ICD-9 diagnosis code for transposition of the great arteries, tetralogy of Fallot, or truncus arteriosus, as well as the corresponding procedure code for complete repair...
June 20, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922027/large-nonapical-right-ventricular-diverticulum-in-a-patient-with-atrioventricular-septal-defect
#4
Michael Weidenbach, Bardo Wannenmacher, Christian Paech, Robert Wagner
Congenital diveticula and aneurysm of the heart are rare and most often located at the apex of the left ventricle. They pose a significant risk for cardiac failure and arrhythmias. In contrast, nonapical diverticula of the right ventricle (RV) have a much more benign course. We present a child with Trisomy 21, atrioventricular septal defect, and large nonapical diverticulum of the RV that was neither addressed during surgery nor needed any medical treatment during 1-year follow-up.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913812/chronic-thoracic-pain-in-children-after-cardiac-surgery
#5
Anders Due Kristensen, Mette Høj Lauridsen, Vibeke E Hjortdal, Troels S Jensen, Lone Nikolajsen
Background Chronic pain after surgical procedures in children has gained limited attention. Chronic thoracic pain after cardiac surgery is common, and has a significant impact on daily life in adults. The study aim was to investigate the prevalence and etiology of chronic pain after cardiac surgery via sternotomy in children. Methods The study included a prospective clinical examination with quantitative sensory testing 3 months after surgery, and a retrospective survey of children, who underwent cardiac surgery 10-60 months earlier...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910584/veno-arterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-as-a-bridge-for-enabling-surgery-in-a-patient-under-cardiogenic-shock-due-to-acute-mitral-prosthesis-dysfunction
#6
María Elena Arnáiz-García, María José Dalmau-Sorlí, José María González-Santos, María Elena Pérez-Losada, José Alfonso Sastre-Rincón, Jesús Hernández-Hernández, Mª Carmen Vargas-Fajardo, Víctor Sagredo-Meneses, Javier López-Rodríguez, Ana María Arnáiz-García
A 52-year-old male patient, who underwent mitral replacement with a mechanical prosthesis as a child, sustained a cardiac arrest which was successfully resuscitated. Further investigation showed prosthesis malfunction with significant regurgitation in the context of multi-organ failure. In such a life-threatening condition, veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was considered as a rescue procedure to achieve optimisation of clinical status to allow definitive surgical treatment. An unusual complete fracture of the prosthesis was subsequently identified as the cause of acute dysfunction...
April 2018: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910502/anaesthetic-management-of-a-child-with-caroli-s-disease-presenting-for-incidental-surgery-a-case-report
#7
Murugesh Sukumar, Rajagopal R Nair, Nikhil Kumar Gosalia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909942/life-threatening-subglottic-hemangioma-in-an-infant-successfully-treated-with-propranolol
#8
H Ajmi, N Mama, S Hassayoun, W Karmani, N Zouari, M Abdelkefi, S Abroug
Subglottic hemangioma is a rare benign tumor in children. It causes an obstruction of the upper airway and can be life-threatening. Several therapeutic options have been used in the literature, including surgery. Currently, the treatment is essentially based on propranolol. We report the case of a 2-month-old female infant hospitalized for severe obstructive dyspnea secondary to a subglottic hemangioma. Diagnosis was confirmed by laryngoscopy and magnetic resonance imaging. The child underwent a tracheotomy and was treated with propranolol...
June 14, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909602/traumatic-stress-among-school-aged-pediatric-surgery-patients-and-their-parents
#9
Amichai Ben Ari, Daniella Margalit, Raphael Udassin, Fortu Benarroch
INTRODUCTION:  Since hospitalization can be a traumatic event for children, many of them may suffer from a cluster of chronic psychological and emotional difficulties called Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress (PMTS). Although PMTS causes considerable functional impairment and psychological distress and may decrease the children's compliance with post-surgical care, awareness of this condition is low and thus not enough effort is made to prevent it. The objective of this study is to assess prospectively the prevalence and characteristics of PMTS in school-age children following hospitalization in a general pediatric surgery ward and in their parents, which has not been documented before...
June 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909192/prepuce-sparing-use-of-z-plasty-for-treatment-of-phimosis-and-scarred-foreskin
#10
Michael Benson, Moneer K Hanna
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The desire to preserve the prepuce is often based on cultural norms. Recently, the concept of "genital autonomy" has been invoked to delay circumcision (or any genital altering procedure) until the individual reaches maturity and can make his or her own decision. However, some uncircumcised boys develop one or more episodes of balanitis resulting in scarring of the prepuce and pathologic phimosis which is difficult to treat. Herein we report on the management of severe phimosis and preputial scarring using preputial Z-plasties...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909138/narcolepsy-and-hypothalamic-region-tumors-presentation-and-evolution
#11
Alexander G Weil, Katherine Muir, Juliette Hukin, Alex Desautels, Véronique Martel, Sébastien Perreault
OBJECTIVE: Because most cases of brain tumor-associated narcolepsy have been published in the form of case reports or small series, the clinical presentation and evolution have not been well described. We sought to better define the epidemiology, etiology, and outcome of brain tumor-related narcolepsy. METHODS: We conducted an extensive review of the literature to identify cases of narcolepsy associated with brain tumors. Only cases of brain tumors involving the hypothalamic region including the suprasellar, sellar, and thalamus were included in this study...
February 14, 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906218/associations-between-parenting-stress-at-school-entry-and-later-psychosocial-adjustment-a-longitudinal-study-of-children-with-congenital-craniofacial-anomalies
#12
Emily D Wolodiger, Alice W Pope
OBJECTIVE: To examine the reciprocal relationships between parenting stress and psychosocial adjustment of children with congenital craniofacial anomalies (CFAs) at 2 time points: school entry and approximately 2.5 years later, after children had time to adjust to school. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical charts of children with CFAs. SETTING: Department of reconstructive plastic surgery at an urban medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of 42 children aged 3...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905880/-black-esophagus-and-gastric-volvulus-following-slipped-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-band
#13
REVIEW
Carolyn Moore, Leslie Ray Matthews, Omar Danner, Assad Taha, Aviva Bashan-Gilzenrat, Jonathan Nguyen, Ed Childs, Kahdi Udobi
To review the entity "black esophagus" and sequela of a slipped laparoscopic adjustable band. The patient's history, physical examination, imaging, and endoscopic findings were reviewed. Detailed review of pathophysiology, presentation, diagnosis, management, and natural history was conducted. "Black esophagus," also known as acute esophageal necrosis (AEN), is a rare condition resulting in black discoloration of the mid to distal esophagus with less than a hundred reported cases. It has not been previously documented in bariatric surgery or following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding...
June 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901299/-uretero-ureteral-anastomosis-ureteropyeloanasto-mosis-for-the-duplicated-upper-urinary-tract-in-children
#14
I M Kagantsov, V V Sizonov, V I Dubrov, S G Bondarenko, N R Akramov, O S Shmyrov, G I Kuzovleva, R V Surov, A A Logval
INTRODUCTION: The duplex kidney is one of the most common congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract, and various surgical procedures exist for the management of this condition. Depending on the surgeon preferences, patients with duplex kidney may undergo heminephrectomy with ureterectomy using open or laparoscopic approach, uretero-cysto-anastomosis of the ectopic ureter or two ureters in a single block. Recently, there have been reports of inter-ureter anastomoses. Here we report our multicenter experience in open and laparoscopic uretero-ureteral anastomosis (UUA)...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899653/bilateral-deep-sclerectomy-with-microperforations-as-a-successful-secondary-procedure-in-aniridia-associated-glaucoma
#15
Abdulrahman AlDarrab, Rizwan Malik
Aniridia-associated glaucoma is often refractory to medical treatment. Glaucoma drainage device surgery is often considered after failed angle surgery. However, the potential complications of tube surgery in young children are not negligible. The failure rate of conventional trabeculectomy may be high and can require close and multiple postoperative follow-up visits. Here, we describe a child with aniridia who achieved good short-term results with deep sclerectomy. A 14-month-old girl was referred to our unit following bilateral trabeculotomies for aniridia-associated glaucoma and persistent uncontrolled intraocular pressure (IOP) in both eyes...
January 2018: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898710/placebo-by-proxy-expectations-toward-acupuncture-change-over-time-a-survey-comparing-parental-expectations-to-acupuncture-pre-and-postoperatively
#16
Ingrid Liodden, Are Hugo Pripp, Arne Johan Norheim
BACKGROUND: Patients entering a treatment have expectancy to outcome based on their previous experience, the information received, and the credibility of the treatment. Once the treatment has started, patients may detect and interpret contextual cues and somatic state. Influenced and conditioned by positive or negative interpretations, their reappraisal may improve or worsen the treatment outcome. The aims were to investigate whether parental pre-treatment expectancies towards acupuncture differ compared to post-treatment expectancies, and assess predictors for possible change of parental expectancy...
June 14, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898664/an-unusual-diverticulum-adjacent-to-two-large-colonic-polyps-a-case-report
#17
John Schembri, Jonathan Bury, Lesley Hunt, Stuart Riley
BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinomas can arise in a variety of circumstances in which intestinal segments have been used for urinary diversions. Whereas ureterosigmoidostomy is the oldest and simplest form of continent urinary diversion it also seems to be the most dangerous in this regard. Herein we present a case of colonic neoplasia complicating a non-functioning ureterosigmoidostomy after 55 years; the longest latent period documented to date. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old lady born with congenital bladder exystrophy and who had a functional ileal conduit presented to us with a 6 month history of change in bowel habit and rectal bleeding...
June 14, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895848/vitamin-a-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-post-bariatric-surgery-aetiology-complications-and-management-in-a-complex-multiparous-pregnancy
#18
Fiona L Mackie, Nicola S Cooper, Louise J Whitticase, Amanda Smith, William L Martin, Sheldon C Cooper
Adequate vitamin A is essential for healthy pregnancy, but high levels may be teratogenic. We present a patient who underwent bariatric surgery, prior to child bearing, and suffered maternal and foetal complications during eleven pregnancies, possibly associated with vitamin A deficiency, amongst multiple micronutrient deficiencies and risk factors including smoking and obesity. Maternal complications included visual disturbance, night blindness and recurrent infections. Recurrent foetal pulmonary hypoplasia and microphthalmia led to foetal and neonatal loss, not previously described in the medical literature...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891750/ewing-sarcoma-peripheral-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-in-the-adrenal-gland-of-a-child
#19
Kourosh Goudarzipour, Farzaneh Farahmandi, Ahmad Mohammadi, Reza Taherian
Ewing sarcoma/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (ES/PNET) typically occurs in long or flat bones, soft tissues, or less often, solid organs. Ewing sarcoma/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor arising from the adrenal gland is extremely rare, especially in children, and only limited cases are reported previously. Herein, we review a case of a 22-month-old girl who presented to our department with abdominal pain, bulging of the left flank, and a nonfunctioning adrenal lesion which was found to be an adrenal ES/PNET...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886916/clinically-significant-psychological-and-emotional-distress-in-32-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#20
Austin E Sanders, Lindsay M Andras, Stephanie E Iantorno, Anita Hamilton, Paul D Choi, David L Skaggs
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of 92 patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the incidence of clinically significant psychological and emotional distress in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients is higher than the general population and if this correlates with deformity severity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Adolescents with scoliosis may exhibit a less positive outlook on life, suffer from lower self-esteem, and have more difficulty connecting with peers; however, there is conflicting evidence whether different stages of treatment prompt different psychological problems and the long-term psychological effect of scoliosis...
July 2018: Spine Deformity
keyword
keyword
6498
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"