keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221617/minor-procedure-major-impact-patient-reported-outcomes-following-urethral-meatotomy
#1
Briony K Varda, Tanya Logvinenko, Stuart Bauer, Bartley Cilento, Richard N Yu, Caleb P Nelson
INTRODUCTION: Urethral meatotomy as treatment for meatal stenosis is a common pediatric urology procedure; however, little is known about the patient experience following this procedure. OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate clinical factors associated with patient-reported symptom improvement after urethral meatotomy. STUDY DESIGN: The families of boys undergoing urethral meatotomy between 2/2013 and 8/2016 received a survey by mail 6 weeks after surgery...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218302/canine-soft-tissue-sarcomas-can-being-a-dog-s-best-friend-help-a-child
#2
Bernard Séguin
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) remain a therapeutic challenge for pediatric and adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients. Still today, surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy remain the mainstay of treatment. Obstacles in developing new treatment approaches to improve the outcome are: few patients to enroll in clinical trials, and the diversity of tumor biology between histologic subtypes. Pet dogs may offer an additional strategy to discover and test new therapeutic avenues. The number of dogs diagnosed with a STS each year in the United States is estimated to be around 27,000 to 95,000...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217972/clinical-aspects-and-antenatal-diagnosis-of-invasive-placenta-a-review-of-ten-years-experience-of-a-multi-profile-hospital-in-lithuania
#3
Jelena Volochovič, Diana Ramašauskaitė, Ramunė Šimkevičiūtė
Background: Invasive placenta is a rare obstetrical pathology that is life-threatening to mother and child. It is important to diagnose this pathology as early as possible and to plan further optimal care of patients in order to minimize life-threatening complications. The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of cases of invasive placenta, the peculiarities of their clinical manifestation in women who gave birth from 2006 to 2015, to evaluate diagnostic and treatment options of this pathology, and to review their changes when the level of services provided by the institution changes...
2017: Acta Medica Lituanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216664/-acute-scrotal-pain-in-childhood-legal-pitfalls
#4
Pia Bader, Christoph Hugemann, Detlef Frohneberg
Acute scrotal pain in childhood is an emergency.Sudden scrotal pain may be caused by a variety of diseases. Therefore, it is important to carefully consider the specific medical history and possible differential diagnoses in each case for fast and decisive action (e. g. in case of testicular torsion). As minors lack the capacity for consent, it is absolutely necessary to obtain consent from their legal guardian. However, obtaining consent in the available time frame can cause organisational challenges in an acute emergency, which may lead to situations in the daily routine where a therapeutic decision needs to be taken (including surgery) without legal security based on consent by the guardian...
December 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210179/cross-sectional-follow-up-of-voice-outcomes-in-children-who-have-a-history-of-airway-reconstruction-surgery
#5
Wendy Cohen, David M Wynne, Susan Lloyd, Richard B Townsley
OBJECTIVES: This study reports vocal function in a cross-section of children with subglottic stenosis. Each child had a history of laryngotracheal reconstruction and/or cricotracheal resection surgery. Vocal function was measured using laryngoscopy, acoustic analysis, perceptual evaluation and impact of voice on quality of life. DESIGN: All patients aged >5 years with history of laryngotracheal reconstruction and/or cricotracheal resection surgery at the Scottish National Complex Airways service were invited to participate...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208814/pediatric-cataract
#6
REVIEW
Sudarshan Kumar Khokhar, Ganesh Pillay, Chirakshi Dhull, Esha Agarwal, Manish Mahabir, Pulak Aggarwal
Pediatric cataract is a leading cause of childhood blindness. Untreated cataracts in children lead to tremendous social, economical, and emotional burden to the child, family, and society. Blindness related to pediatric cataract can be treated with early identification and appropriate management. Most cases are diagnosed on routine screening whereas some may be diagnosed after the parents have noticed leukocoria or strabismus. Etiology of pediatric cataract is varied and diagnosis of specific etiology aids in prognostication and effective management...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207816/non-catheter-related-perioperative-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-following-surgical-vsd-closure-role-of-transesophageal-echocardiography
#7
Tanveer Singh Kundra, Divya Gopal, Manasa Dhananjaya
Unintentional iatrogenic surgical complications can complicate the operative and postoperative courses of paediatric cardiac surgery patients. Unless recognized and treated early, it's possible, these complications may lead to a prolonged hospital stay, increased treatment cost, morbidity, and even death. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is the most common congenital heart defect in children, occurring in 50% of all children with congenital heart disease and in 20% as an isolated lesion. Herein, we discuss the development of Superior Vena Cava (SVC) syndrome following surgical repair of VSD in a nine-month-old child...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204210/spontaneous-umbilical-csf-fistula-due-to-migration-of-the-peritoneal-end-of-vp-shunt-a-case-report-and-review-of-pathogenesis
#8
Siddharth Vankipuram, Somil Jaiswal, Manish Jaiswal, Ankur Bajaj, Anil Chandra, B K Ojha
Abdominal complications after ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt surgery for hydrocephalus have been known to occur. The more common complications include peritoneal pseudocyst, obstruction of the lower end, and shunt infection. Perforations of the intra-abdominal hollow viscera leading to spontaneous extrusions of the peritoneal catheter via the natural orifices have also been reported. A rarer phenomenon still is the migration of the lower end of the VP shunt through the anterior abdominal wall, leading to the formation of a spontaneous umbilical fistula at a site unrelated to the surgical site...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198261/inter-hospital-transport-of-the-child-with-critical-cardiac-disease
#9
Padmanabhan Ramnarayan, Zafurallah Intikhab, Neil Spenceley, Ilias Iliopoulos, Alana Duff, Johnny Millar
Centralisation of services such as cardiology, cardiac surgery, and intensive care in many parts of the world has resulted in the need to safely transport children with critical cardiac disease from local hospitals to specialist centres for diagnostic, surgical, and/or critical care intervention. The transport of this cohort of children, whether locally or internationally, can present specific clinical and logistical challenges. An international group of clinicians with expertise in cardiac care and critical care transport worked together to summarise current clinical practice relating to key areas of transport...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197999/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-upregulates-microrna-21-to-protect-the-kidney-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-undergoing-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#10
Zhijuan Kang, Zhihui Li, Peng Huang, Jinwen Luo, Pingbo Liu, Ying Wang, Tuanhong Xia, Yuhang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common emergencies and severe diseases in the clinic. We sought to verify whether remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has a protective effect on the kidney of child with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. We hypothesized it may be related to the up-regulation of microRNA-21 (miR-21). METHODS: We performed a prospective randomized clinical study among children with congenital heart disease undergoing CPB surgery between January and December 2016...
December 2, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197838/leg-length-discrepancy-the-importance-of-a-complete-history-and-examination
#11
Duncan Coffey, Sarah Patricia Hudson-Phillips, Sarkhell Saadi Radha, Simon Ball
A 26-year-old woman with a 1-year history of right knee pain had failed to respond to analgesia and activity modification in the community. Her general practitioner referred her to the orthopaedic department for specialist review. A thorough history revealed that she had multiple orthopaedic interventions as a child. The patient had significant postoperative infection of the left knee following knee surgery at 7 years of age. Examination demonstrated the presence of a limp, scoliosis and suspected leg length discrepancy...
December 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194263/the-value-of-a-photobook-in-informing-families-about-the-cosmetic-results-of-surgery-in-craniosynostosis
#12
Helen Care, Louise Dalton, David Johnson
This paper outlines the development and evaluation of a photobook resource to support parents' decision making regarding potential craniofacial surgery for their child. The photobook was developed at a UK Craniofacial Unit and consisted of preoperative and postoperative photographs of patients with craniosynostosis. It was intended to act as a visual adjunct to detailed verbal discussion of surgical treatment options. No changes in the uptake rate of surgery were detected following the introduction of the photobook...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191343/an-age-based-approach-to-dermatologic-surgery-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#13
Breton Yates, James Whalen, Hanspaul Makkar
Surgical dermatologic procedures in children pose unique challenges that differ from those in adults. Child and parental anxiety, along with procedural anxiety in adults, necessitate different approaches. Special considerations are reviewed in the application of topical anesthesia and administration of local anesthesia in children as opposed to adults, and the use and safety of general anesthesia in children is highlighted. In addition, management of postprocedural analgesia differs in children, largely due to concern for safety of opioids in children...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191062/recurrent-bell-s-palsy-following-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-an-unusual-case-to-face
#14
Ashwin Kumaria, Tim C Hammett, Murugan Sitaraman, Dan A D'Aquino, Donald C Macarthur
We present the case of a 15 year old boy who developed transient lower motor neuron facial weakness on two separate occasions shortly after ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion. Both episodes, each of which occurred on the ipsilateral side to shunt insertion, were transient, self-limiting and were managed medically with a course of oral steroids. We believe this is the first reported case of Bell's palsy after this type of surgery in a child. Potential pathophysiological mechanisms are discussed.
November 30, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185056/intramedullary-holocord-abscess-secondary-to-infected-dermoid-cyst
#15
Dorota Tassigny, Edward Fomekong, Guus Koerts, Christian Raftopoulos
In the literature, less than ten cases of holocord intramedullary abscess in children have been described. A 15-month-old girl presented with flaccid paraplegia and dermal sinus in the sacral region. MRI highlighted an infected lumbar dermoid cyst. The child underwent surgery to remove the cyst and purulent collection. Five days after surgery, she developed upper limbs paresis. An MRI showed a holocord abscess. A catheter was inserted through a cervical myelotomy into the abscess for drainage with a good postoperative recovery...
November 28, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182138/dealing-with-sub-trochanteric-fracture-in-a-child-with-osteopetrosis-a-case-report
#16
P Behera, A Khurana, B Saibaba, S Aggarwal
Osteopetrosis is a rare hereditary condition which may have autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant inheritance. Patients tend to present most commonly with fractures but involvement of cranial nerves and hematopoetic system is not uncommon. Patients with infantile and intermediate type tend to present more often with problems other than orthopaedic problems. While diagnosis can be made on the basis of radiographs, management needs to be customized for every patient. Non operative and operative management both have their advantages and disadvantages...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179954/universal-health-coverage-and-intersectoral-action-for-health-key-messages-from-disease-control-priorities-3rd-edition
#17
REVIEW
Dean T Jamison, Ala Alwan, Charles N Mock, Rachel Nugent, David Watkins, Olusoji Adeyi, Shuchi Anand, Rifat Atun, Stefano Bertozzi, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Agnes Binagwaho, Robert Black, Mark Blecher, Barry R Bloom, Elizabeth Brouwer, Donald A P Bundy, Dan Chisholm, Alarcos Cieza, Mark Cullen, Kristen Danforth, Nilanthi de Silva, Haile T Debas, Peter Donkor, Tarun Dua, Kenneth A Fleming, Mark Gallivan, Patricia J Garcia, Atul Gawande, Thomas Gaziano, Hellen Gelband, Roger Glass, Amanda Glassman, Glenda Gray, Demissie Habte, King K Holmes, Susan Horton, Guy Hutton, Prabhat Jha, Felicia M Knaul, Olive Kobusingye, Eric L Krakauer, Margaret E Kruk, Peter Lachmann, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Carol Levin, Lai Meng Looi, Nita Madhav, Adel Mahmoud, Jean Claude Mbanya, Anthony Measham, María Elena Medina-Mora, Carol Medlin, Anne Mills, Jody-Anne Mills, Jaime Montoya, Ole Norheim, Zachary Olson, Folashade Omokhodion, Ben Oppenheim, Toby Ord, Vikram Patel, George C Patton, John Peabody, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Jinyuan Qi, Teri Reynolds, Sevket Ruacan, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Jaime Sepúlveda, Richard Skolnik, Kirk R Smith, Marleen Temmerman, Stephen Tollman, Stéphane Verguet, Damian G Walker, Neff Walker, Yangfeng Wu, Kun Zhao
The World Bank is publishing nine volumes of Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition (DCP3) between 2015 and 2018. Volume 9, Improving Health and Reducing Poverty, summarises the main messages from all the volumes and contains cross-cutting analyses. This Review draws on all nine volumes to convey conclusions. The analysis in DCP3 is built around 21 essential packages that were developed in the nine volumes. Each essential package addresses the concerns of a major professional community (eg, child health or surgery) and contains a mix of intersectoral policies and health-sector interventions...
November 24, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179518/reassessment-of-different-criteria-for-diagnosing-post-hepatectomy-liver-failure-a-single-center-study-of-1683-hepatectomy
#18
Yongchang Zheng, Huayu Yang, Li He, Yilei Mao, Hanze Zhang, Haitao Zhao, Shunda Du, Yiyao Xu, Tianyi Chi, Haifeng Xu, Xin Lu, Xinting Sang, Shouxian Zhong
Assessing the incidence and severity of post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) can be based on different criteria, and we wished to compare the diagnostic efficiency and specificity of different PHLF criteria. Data from patients (n=1683) who received hepatectomies in the liver surgery department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from April 2008 to August 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Possible PHLF patients were screened according to the criteria of the International Study Group of Liver Surgery (ISGLS)...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169894/preparing-for-rotavirus-vaccine-introduction-a-retrospective-assessment-of-the-epidemiology-of-intussusception-in-children-below-2%C3%A2-years-of-age-in-nepal
#19
Ajit Rayamajhi, Anupama Thapa, Manoj Kumar, Catherine Yen, Jacqueline E Tate, Umesh D Parashar, Anjana Karki Rayamajhi
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea in Nepali children, accounting for 25-33% of childhood diarrhea hospitalizations. Two rotavirus vaccines recommended for inclusion in national immunization programs have been associated with a low risk of intussusception in post-marketing studies conducted in several countries. Data on the epidemiology of intussusception hospitalizations are lacking in Nepal. Thus, we aimed to describe the epidemiology of intussusception-associated hospitalizations among Nepali children in preparation for rotavirus vaccine introduction...
November 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168577/screening-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-a-rural-health-district-an-analysis-of-practice
#20
Suzanne Wright, Elizabeth Cotterell, David Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To describe hip dysplasia screening practices in a local rural health district. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of hospital birth records, local physiotherapy records, public community health electronic medical record (Community Health Information Management Enterprise database) and a survey of local clinicians who work with infants and children. SETTING: Three rural public hospitals and community health centres in a New South Wales health district...
November 23, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
keyword
keyword
6498
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"