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Blood biomarker proteomic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323866/elevated-fecal-peptidase-d-at-onset-of-colitis-in-galphai2-mice-a-mouse-model-of-ibd
#1
Daniel Bergemalm, Robert Kruse, Maria Sapnara, Jonas Halfvarson, Elisabeth Hultgren Hörnquist
BACKGROUND: The identification of novel fecal biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is hampered by the complexity of the human fecal proteome. On the other hand, in experimental mouse models there is probably less variation. We investigated the fecal protein content in mice to identify possible biomarkers and pathogenic mechanisms. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected at onset of inflammation in Galphai2-/- mice, a well-described spontaneous model of chronic colitis, and from healthy littermates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319051/tissue-specific-exosome-biomarkers-for-noninvasively-monitoring-immunologic-rejection-of-transplanted-tissue
#2
Prashanth Vallabhajosyula, Laxminarayana Korutla, Andreas Habertheuer, Ming Yu, Susan Rostami, Chao-Xing Yuan, Sanjana Reddy, Chengyang Liu, Varun Korutla, Brigitte Koeberlein, Jennifer Trofe-Clark, Michael R Rickels, Ali Naji
In transplantation, there is a critical need for noninvasive biomarker platforms for monitoring immunologic rejection. We hypothesized that transplanted tissues release donor-specific exosomes into recipient circulation and that the quantitation and profiling of donor intra-exosomal cargoes may constitute a biomarker platform for monitoring rejection. Here, we have tested this hypothesis in a human-into-mouse xenogeneic islet transplant model and validated the concept in clinical settings of islet and renal transplantation...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317069/deciphering-the-role-of-ectosomes-in-cancer-development-and-progression-focus-on-the-proteome
#3
REVIEW
Magdalena Surman, Ewa Stępień, Dorota Hoja-Łukowicz, Małgorzata Przybyło
Ectosomes are small heterogeneous membrane vesicles generated by budding from the plasma membrane in a variety of cell types and, more frequently, in tumor cells. They are shed into the extracellular space and are proposed as a novel form of intracellular communication in which information is transmitted from the originating cell to recipient cells without direct cell-to-cell contact. This review focuses on a single population of extracellular vesicles-ectosomes. We summarize recent studies of tumor-derived ectosomes which examine their biogenesis and protein cargo, and their influence on different aspects of cancer progression...
March 19, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284830/technological-advances-and-proteomic-applications-in-drug-discovery-and-target-deconvolution-identification-of-the-pleiotropic-effects-of-statins
#4
REVIEW
Cristina Banfi, Roberta Baetta, Erica Gianazza, Elena Tremoli
Proteomic-based techniques provide a powerful tool for identifying the full spectrum of protein targets of a drug, elucidating its mechanism(s) of action, and identifying biomarkers of its efficacy and safety. Herein, we outline the technological advancements in the field, and illustrate the contribution of proteomics to the definition of the pharmacological profile of statins, which represent the cornerstone of the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Statins act by inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, thus reducing cholesterol biosynthesis and consequently enhancing the clearance of low-density lipoproteins from the blood; however, HMG-CoA reductase inhibition can result in a multitude of additional effects beyond lipid lowering, known as 'pleiotropic effects'...
March 8, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281355/systemic-effects-of-ionizing-radiation-at-the-proteome-and-metabolome-levels-in-the-blood-of-cancer-patients-treated-with-radiotherapy-the-influence-of-inflammation-and-radiation-toxicity
#5
Karol Jelonek, Monika Pietrowska, Piotr Widlak
Purpose Blood is the most common replacement tissue used to study systemic responses of organisms to different types of pathological conditions and environmental insults. Local irradiation during cancer radiotherapy induces whole body responses that can be observed at the blood proteome and metabolome levels. Hence, comparative blood proteomics and metabolomics are emerging approaches used in the discovery of radiation biomarkers. These techniques enable the simultaneous measurement of hundreds of molecules and the identification of sets of components that can discriminate different physiological states of the human body...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279065/proteomic-biomarkers-for-bisphenol-a-early-exposure-and-women-s-thyroid-cancer
#6
Ho-Sun Lee, Yunkyeong Kang, Kyung Tae, Gyu-Un Bae, Jong Y Park, Yoon Hee Cho, Mihi Yang
Purpose: For the target treatment and prevention of women's increased thyroid cancer, we focused on risks of environmental exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals, particularly bisphenol A (BPA), and its high susceptible exposure- timing, particularly early exposure in lives. Materials and Methods: Female ICR mice were exposed to BPA in utero and in early life (15, 75 and 300 mg/L of drinking water via pregnant mice and lactation). We identified BPA-responsive proteins in mice thyroid by 2D-PAGE, image analyses, and ESI-Q-TOF MS...
March 8, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250912/identification-and-preliminary-validation-of-radiation-response-protein-s-in-human-blood-for-a-high-throughput-molecular-biodosimetry-technology-for-the-future
#7
Saibadaiahun Nongrum, S Thangminlal Vaiphei, Joshua Keppen, Mandahakani Ksoo, Ettrika Kashyap, Rajesh N Sharan
The absence of a rapid and high-throughput technology for radiation biodosimetry has been a great obstacle in our full preparedness to cope with large-scale radiological incidents. The existing cytogenetic technologies have limitations, primarily due to their time-consuming methodologies, which include a tissue culture step, and the time required for scoring. This has seriously undermined its application in a mass casualty scenario under radiological emergencies for timely triage and medical interventions. Recent advances in genomics and proteomics in the postgenomic era have opened up new platforms and avenues to discover molecular biomarkers for biodosimetry in the future...
2017: Genome Integrity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248250/advances-of-salivary-proteomics-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-oscc-detection-an-update
#8
REVIEW
Rabia Sannam Khan, Zohaib Khurshid, Shazia Akhbar, Syed Faraz Moin
Oral cancer refers to malignancies that have higher morbidity and mortality rates due to the late stage diagnosis and no early detection of a reliable diagnostic marker, while oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is amongst the world's top ten most common cancers. Diagnosis of cancer requires highly sensitive and specific diagnostic tools which can support untraceable hidden sites of OSCC, yet to be unleashed, for which plenty of biomarkers are identified; the most recommended biomarker detection medium for OSCC includes biological fluids, such as blood and saliva...
December 15, 2016: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248245/the-proteome-of-the-red-blood-cell-an-auspicious-source-of-new-insights-into-membrane-centered-regulation-of-homeostasis
#9
REVIEW
Giel J C G M Bosman
During the past decade, the hand-in-hand development of biotechnology and bioinformatics has enabled a view of the function of the red blood cell that surpasses the supply of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide. Comparative proteomic inventories have yielded new clues to the processes that regulate membrane-cytoskeleton interactions in health and disease, and to the ways by which red blood cells communicate with their environment. In addition, proteomic data have revealed the possibility that many, hitherto unsuspected, metabolic processes are active in the red blood cell cytoplasm...
November 25, 2016: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222503/selenium-levels-in-serum-red-blood-cells-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-a-report-from-the-australian-imaging-biomarker-lifestyle-flagship-study-of-ageing-aibl
#10
Bárbara R Cardoso, Dominic J Hare, Ashley I Bush, Qiao-Xin Li, Christopher J Fowler, Colin L Masters, Ralph N Martins, Katherine Ganio, Amber Lothian, Soumya Mukherjee, Eugene A Kapp, Blaine R Roberts
Selenium (Se) protects cells against oxidative stress damage through a range of bioactive selenoproteins. Increased oxidative stress is a prominent feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and previous studies have shown that Se deficiency is associated with age-related cognitive decline. In this study, we assessed Se status in different biofluids from a subgroup of participants in the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Flagship Study of Ageing. As Se in humans can either be an active component of selenoproteins or inactive via non-specific incorporation into other proteins, we used both size exclusion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (SEC-ICP-MS) and tandem mass spectrometry to characterize selenoproteins in serum...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221766/proteoform-profile-mapping-of-the-human-serum-complement-component-c9-revealing-unexpected-new-features-of-n-o-and-c-glycosylation
#11
Vojtech Franc, Yang Yang, Albert J R Heck
The human complement C9 protein (∼65 kDa) is a member of the complement pathway. It plays an essential role in the membrane attack complex (MAC), which forms a lethal pore on the cellular surface of pathogenic bacteria. Here, we charted in detail the structural microheterogeneity of C9 purified from human blood serum, using an integrative workflow combining high-resolution native mass spectrometry and (glyco)peptide-centric proteomics. The proteoform profile of C9 was acquired by high-resolution native mass spectrometry, which revealed the co-occurrence of ∼50 distinct mass spectrometry (MS) signals...
March 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221173/new-developments-in-transplant-proteomics
#12
Julie Ho, Patricia Hirt-Minkowski, John A Wilkins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite modern immunosuppression, renal allograft rejection remains a major contributor to graft loss. Novel biomarkers may help improve posttransplant outcomes through the early detection and treatment of rejection. Our objective is to provide an overview of proteomics, review recent discovery-based rejection studies, and explore innovative approaches in biomarker development. RECENT FINDINGS: Urine MMP7 was identified as a biomarker of subclinical and clinical rejection using two-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and improved the overall diagnostic discrimination of urine CXCL10 : Cr alone for renal allograft inflammation...
February 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220636/identification-of-candidate-biomarkers-for-the-prediction-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-early-stages-of-pregnancy-using-itraq-quantitative-proteomics
#13
Danqing Zhao, Liming Shen, Yan Wei, Jiaming Xie, Shuqiang Chen, Yi Liang, Youjiao Chen, Haorong Wu
PURPOSE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical problems of pregnancy. This study is designed to identify serum biomarkers which can predict the subsequent development of GDM at early stages. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Maternal blood was obtained prospectively from pregnant women at 12-16 weeks of pregnancy. Among these, 30 women were subsequently diagnosed with GDM at 24 to 28 weeks and were selected as case studies along with 30 normoglycemic women as controls...
February 21, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219319/biomarkers-in-alzheimer-s-disease-recent-update
#14
Sushil Sharma, Walter Lipincott
Alzheimer disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by loss of memory and cognitive function. It is the common cause of dementia in elderly and is a global health concern as the population of people aged 85 and older, is growing alarmingly. Although pharmacotherapy for the treatment of AD has improved, lot of work remains to treat this devastating disease. AD pathology begins even before the onset of clinical symptoms. Because therapies could be more effective if implemented early in the disease progression, it is highly prudent to discover reliable biomarkers, to detect its exact pathophysiology during pre-symptomatic stage...
February 20, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196416/blood-proteomic-profiling-in-inherited-attrm-and-acquired-attrwt-forms-of-transthyretin-associated-cardiac-amyloidosis
#15
Gloria G Chan, Clarissa M Koch, Lawreen H Connors
Transthyretin-associated forms of cardiac amyloidosis are fatal protein misfolding diseases that can be inherited (ATTRm) or acquired (ATTRwt). An accurate diagnosis of ATTR amyloidosis can be challenging as biopsy evidence, usually from the affected organ, is required. Precise biomarkers for ATTR disease identification and monitoring are undiscovered, disease-specific therapeutic options are needed, and the current understanding of ATTR molecular pathogenesis is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the serum proteomes in ATTRm and ATTRwt cardiac amyloidosis to identify differentially expressed blood proteins that were disease-specific...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186866/toward-postgenomics-ophthalmology-a-proteomic-map-of-the-human-choroid-retinal-pigment-epithelium-tissue
#16
Manjunath Dammalli, Krishna R Murthy, Sneha M Pinto, Kalpana Babu Murthy, Raja Sekhar Nirujogi, Anil K Madugundu, Gourav Dey, Bipin Nair, Harsha Gowda, Thottethodi Subrahmanya Keshava Prasad
Ophthalmology and visual health research have received relatively limited attention from the personalized medicine community, but this trend is rapidly changing. Postgenomics technologies such as proteomics are being utilized to establish a baseline biological variation map of the human eye and related tissues. In this context, the choroid is the vascular layer situated between the outer sclera and the inner retina. The choroidal circulation serves the photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The RPE is a layer of cuboidal epithelial cells adjacent to the neurosensory retina and maintains the outer limit of the blood-retina barrier...
February 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176468/correlation-of-pre-operative-plasma-protein-concentrations-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-with-bleeding-outcomes-using-a-targeted-quantitative-proteomics-approach
#17
Nathan Clendenen, Ashley Tollefson, Monika Dzieciatkowska, Alice Cambiaghi, Manuela Ferrario, Miranda Kroehl, Anirban Banerjee, Angelo D'Alessandro, Kirk C Hansen, Nathaen Weitzel
PURPOSE: Despite recent advancements in the use of thrombelastography (TEG) in the surgical setting, adequate technology to accurately predict bleeding phenotypes for patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass on the basis of non-mechanical parameters is lacking. While basic science and translational studies have provided key mechanistic insights about the protein components of coagulation cascades and regulatory mediators of hemostasis and fibrinolysis, targeted protein assays are still missing and the association of protein profiles to bleeding phenotypes and TEG readouts have yet to be discovered...
February 8, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161100/the-future-of-omics-in-hypertension
#18
REVIEW
Gemma Currie, Christian Delles
Despite decades of research and clinical practice, the pathogenesis of hypertension remains incompletely understood, and blood pressure is often suboptimally controlled. "Omics" technologies allow the description of a large number of molecular features and have the potential to identify new factors that contribute to blood pressure regulation and how they interact. In this review, we focus on the potential of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics and explore their roles in unraveling the pathophysiology and diagnosis of hypertension, the prediction of organ damage and treatment response, and monitoring treatment effect...
December 7, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154374/precision-diagnostics-moving-towards-protein-biomarker-signatures-of-clinical-utility-in-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Carl A K Borrebaeck
Interest in precision diagnostics has been fuelled by the concept that early detection of cancer would benefit patients; that is, if detected early, more tumours should be resectable and treatment more efficacious. Serum contains massive amounts of potentially diagnostic information, and affinity proteomics has risen as an accurate approach to decipher this, to generate actionable information that should result in more precise and evidence-based options to manage cancer. To achieve this, we need to move from single to multiplex biomarkers, a so-called signature, that can provide significantly increased diagnostic accuracy...
March 2017: Nature Reviews. Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149930/ten-years-of-proteomics-in-bladder-cancer-progress-and-future-directions
#20
REVIEW
Maria Frantzi, Antonia Vlahou
Research efforts targeting the identification of bladder cancer biomarkers have been extensive during the past decade. Investigations have been performed at the genome, transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome levels and outputs have started appearing including the sketching of disease molecular subtypes. Proteins are directly linked to cell phenotype hence they accumulate special interest as both biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Multiple technical challenges exist, of the main, being the protein concentration vast dynamic range and presence of proteins in modified forms...
January 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
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