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Pda treatment and preterm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046188/comparative-effectiveness-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-treatment-vs-no-treatment-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants
#1
Jonathan L Slaughter, Patricia B Reagan, Thomas B Newman, Mark A Klebanoff
Importance: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is associated with increased mortality and worsened respiratory outcomes, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), in preterm infants. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are efficacious in closing PDA, but the effectiveness of NSAID-mediated PDA closure in improving mortality and preventing BPD is unclear. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of NSAID treatment for PDA in reducing mortality and moderate/severe BPD at 36 weeks postmenstrual age...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042972/a-conservative-treatment-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#2
J B Letshwiti, J Semberova, K Pichova, E M Dempsey, O M Franklin, J Miletin
BACKGROUND: Treatment of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the preterm infant remains contentious. There are numerous options of the PDA management from early targeted treatment, late (symptomatic) treatment to no treatment at all. AIMS: To evaluate a three different PDA management approaches in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational time series study of three cohorts of VLBW infants born between 2004 and 2011...
December 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004188/comparative-study-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-paracetamol-ibuprofen-and-indomethacin-in-closure-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-neonates
#3
Abd El-Rahman El-Mashad, Heba El-Mahdy, Doaa El Amrousy, Marwa Elgendy
: In this prospective study, we compared the efficacy and side effects of indomethacin, ibuprofen, and paracetamol in patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure in preterm neonates. Three hundred preterm neonates with hemodynamically significant PDA (hs-PDA) admitted at our neonatal intensive care unit were enrolled in the study. They were randomized into three groups. Group I (paracetamol group) received 15 mg/kg/6 h IV paracetamol infusion for 3 days. Group II (ibuprofen group) received 10 mg/kg IV ibuprofen infusion followed by 5 mg/kg/day for 2 days...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998626/cardiac-biomarkers-and-haemodynamically-significant-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants
#4
Dany E Weisz, Patrick J McNamara, Afif El-Khuffash
Accurately defining haemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants who are at risk of PDA related morbidities are active areas of neonatal research. Natriuretic peptides are cardiac hormones that respond to volume and pressure loading, with elevated plasma levels found in infants with PDA. In the preterm neonatal setting, studies to date have predominantly investigated the ability of these biomarkers to discriminate between infants with and without a PDA at various postnatal ages...
December 17, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960245/bronchodilators-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-lung-disease-in-preterm-infants
#5
REVIEW
Geraldine Ng, Orlando da Silva, Arne Ohlsson
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung disease (CLD) occurs frequently in preterm infants. Bronchodilators have the potential effect of dilating small airways with muscle hypertrophy. Increased compliance and tidal volume and decreased pulmonary resistance have been documented with the use of bronchodilators in infants with CLD. Therefore, bronchodilators might have a role in the prevention and treatment of CLD. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of bronchodilators given as prophylaxis or as treatment for CLD on mortality and other complications of preterm birth in infants at risk for or identified as having CLD...
14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914140/comparison-of-the-mortality-and-in-hospital-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-treated-with-ibuprofen-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-with-or-without-clinical-symptoms-attributable-to-the-patent-ductus-arteriosus-at-the-time-of-ibuprofen-treatment
#6
Hani Yoo, Jin A Lee, Sohee Oh, Young Hwa Jung, Jin A Sohn, Seung Han Shin, Chang Won Choi, Ee Kyung Kim, Han Suk Kim, Beyong Il Kim
The aim of this study was to assess the differences in the mortality and in-hospital outcomes of preterm infants with < 28 weeks of gestation who received ibuprofen treatment according to the presence of clinical symptoms (any of oliguria, hypotension, or moderate to severe respiratory difficulty) attributable to hemodynamically-significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) at the time of first ibuprofen treatment. In total, 91 infants born from April 2010 to March 2015 were included. Fourteen infants (15...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740976/patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-the-preterm-infant-diagnostic-and-treatment-options
#7
Stephanie Prescott, Jessica Keim-Malpass
BACKGROUND: The incidence of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) increases with decreasing gestational age and is associated with many common morbidities of extreme prematurity. Controversies remain surrounding the definition of hsPDA, the population of infants requiring treatment, the appropriate timing and method of treatment, and the outcomes associated with PDA and its therapies. PURPOSE: This integrative literature review focuses on diagnostic and treatment recommendations derived from the highest levels of evidence...
October 8, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723073/obstetric-results-of-the-multicenter-nationwide-scientific-educational-program-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm
#8
Monika Żurawska-Kliś, Marcin Kosiński, Ewa Wender-Ożegowska, Łukasz Bartyzel, Elżbieta Matysiak, Bogusława Olak-Białoń, Beata Królikowska-Kobierska, Iwona Towpik, Katarzyna Cypryk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the obstetric results in women with GDM in a Polish population based on the criterion for the diagnosis of GDM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a questionnaire study covering the data of 2853 patients with GDM treated in centers nationwide in the years 2011-2013. The principles of self-control, glycemic targets and treatment were based on the then-current PDA guidelines. Analysis of the collected data included an assessment of obstetric results based on the diagnostic criteria for GDM...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713809/comparison-of-oral-acetaminophen-versus-ibuprofen-in-premature-infants-with-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#9
Mohammad Mehdi Bagheri, Pedram Niknafs, Fatemeh Sabsevari, Mohammad Hosein Torabi, Bahareh Bahman Bijari, Elahe Noroozi, Hamid Mossavi
BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common cause of morbidity. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of oral Acetaminophen and oral Ibuprofen for the closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: This study demonstrated that, there was no significant difference between treatment of PDA with either oral Acetaminophen or oral Ibuprofen in preterm neonates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This clinical trial, randomized study, enrolled 120 infants, with a gestational age of < 37 weeks, who were admitted in neonatal intensive care unit of Afzalipour hospital, Kerman, Iran, in 2014...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681010/preterm-thrombocytopenia-and-delay-of-ductus-arteriosus-closure
#10
Vinay Vamadev Kulkarni, Sourabh Dutta, Venkataseshan Sundaram, Shiv Sajan Saini
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether preterm thrombocytopenia within 24 hours of birth is associated with delayed closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and higher proportion of hemodynamically significant PDA (Hs-PDA). METHODS: Neonates (gestation 26(0/7)-33(6/7) weeks, age <24 hours) with known platelet count and PDA on echocardiogram were prospectively enrolled. Asphyxia, congenital infections, structural heart disease, major malformations and clinical sepsis were exclusions...
October 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649293/trends-and-outcomes-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-treatment-in-very-preterm-infants-in-canada
#11
Armend Lokku, Lucia Mirea, Shoo K Lee, Prakeshkumar S Shah
Objective To assess trends in patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) management and examine concurrent changes in neonatal mortality and morbidities. Methods This retrospective observational study examined infants born at 23 to 32 weeks' gestational age with PDA and admitted to a neonatal unit during 2006 to 2012. Multivariable logistic regression assessed trends in yearly PDA treatment rates and compared a composite outcome of mortality or any severe morbidity (bronchopulmonary dysplasia, intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, retinopathy of prematurity, or necrotizing enterocolitis) between and within time periods and PDA treatments...
September 20, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509008/trends-and-variation-in-management-and-outcomes-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-with-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#12
James I Hagadorn, Elizabeth A Brownell, Jennifer M Trzaski, Kendall R Johnson, Shabnam Lainwala, Brendan T Campbell, Katherine W Herbst
BACKGROUND: We examined recent trends and interhospital variation in use of indomethacin, ibuprofen, and surgical ligation for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: Included in this retrospective study of the Pediatric Hospital Information System database were 13,853 VLBW infants from 19 US children's hospitals, admitted at age < 3 d between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2014. PDA management and in-hospital outcomes were examined for trends and variation...
December 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456327/effectiveness-and-safety-of-treatments-used-for-the-management-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-pda-in-preterm-infants-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#13
Souvik Mitra, Ivan D Florez, Maria E Tamayo, Dagfinn Aune, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Areti-Angeliki Veroniki, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Management of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants is one of the most controversial topics in neonatal medicine. The availability of different pharmacotherapeutic options often poses a practical challenge to the practising neonatologist as to which one to choose as a therapeutic option. Our objectives are to determine the relative merits of the available pharmacotherapeutic options for the management of PDA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review of all randomised controlled trials evaluating the use of intravenous or oral: indomethacin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen for the treatment of PDA in preterm infants...
July 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453374/mandatory-closure-versus-nonintervention-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-very-preterm-infants
#14
Se In Sung, Yun Sil Chang, Ji Young Chun, Shin Ae Yoon, Hye Soo Yoo, So Yoon Ahn, Won Soon Park
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a nonintervention approach for treating hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is associated with decreased mortality and/or morbidity compared with a mandatory closure approach in extremely low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the medical records of 178 infants of 23-26 weeks' gestational age with PDA, requiring ventilator treatment, and with hemodynamically significant PDA ≥2 mm in size. Mandatory closure was used during period I (July 2009 to December 2011, n = 81), and nonintervention was used during period II (January 2012 to June 2014, n = 97)...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356085/microarray-gene-expression-analysis-in-ovine-ductus-arteriosus-during-fetal-development-and-birth-transition
#15
Ravi Goyal, Dipali Goyal, Lawrence D Longo, Ronald I Clyman
BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the newborn is the most common congenital heart anomaly and is significantly more common in preterm infants. Contemporary pharmacological treatment is effective in only 70-80% of the cases. Moreover, indomethacin or ibuprofen, which are used to close a PDA may be accompanied by serious side effects in premature infants. To explore the novel molecular pathways, which may be involved in the maturation and closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA), we used fetal and neonatal sheep to test the hypothesis that maturational development of DA is associated with significant alterations in specific mRNA expression...
October 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330386/incidence-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-at-two-tertiary-centers-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#16
Saad Waheeb, Khalid Alshehri
PURPOSE: To review the incidence and risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) King Faisal Specialist Hospital and King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, preterm infants who were admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit from 2012 to 2013 were evaluated for ROP. Inclusion criteria were, preterm infants with gestational age <32 weeks and/or birth weight <1500 g. The risk factors that were assessed were intraventricular hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), sepsis and hydrocephalus...
April 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277201/the-serial-changes-of-perfusion-index-in-preterm-infants-with-patent-ductus-arteriosus-is-perfusion-index-clinically-significant
#17
Demet Terek, Ozge Altun Koroglu, Zulal Ulger, Mehmet Yalaz, Nilgun Kultursay
BACKGROUND: Perfusion Index (PI) which reflects the peripheral blood flow may help early detection and treatment decision of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) in preterm infants. The present study is designed to analyze the usefulness of PI level in early detection of hsPDA in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants born before 36 gestational weeks were assessed for PI and simultaneous echocardiography. Based on echocardiography, each infant is categorized into no-PDA (group 1), non-hsPDA (group 2) and hsPDA (group 3)...
August 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238078/repeated-courses-of-oral-ibuprofen-in-premature-infants-with-patent-ductus-arteriosus-efficacy-and-safety
#18
Haşim Olgun, Naci Ceviz, İbrahim Kartal, İbrahim Caner, Mehmet Karacan, Ayhan Taştekin, Necip Becit
BACKGROUND: There are limited data about the results of repeated oral ibuprofen (OIBU) treatment. This study aimed to describe patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure rates and adverse events after repeated courses of OIBU in premature infants with PDA. METHODS: Preterm infants with hemodynamically significant (hs)PDA were enrolled in the study. If the first course of OIBU treatment failed, a second and, if required, third course was administered. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients received OIBU...
April 29, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197949/principles-of-clinical-management-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-extremely-preterm-neonates
#19
Zhen Han Tan, Vijay R Baral
The clinical management of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm newborns is a controversial topic, and despite nearly three decades of research, varying opinions remain. This dilemma stems from uncertain causal linkage between PDA and neonatal comorbidities, as well as the lack of clear evidence showing that benefits of treatment outweigh risks. There has been a general shift in the management of PDA in preterm newborns from early and aggressive closure to a more conservative approach of watchful waiting and spontaneous closure...
2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174516/predictors-of-respiratory-instability-in-neonates-undergoing-patient-ductus-arteriosus-ligation-after-the-introduction-of-targeted-milrinone-treatment
#20
Joseph Y Ting, Maura Resende, Kiran More, Donna Nicholls, Dany E Weisz, Afif El-Khuffash, Amish Jain, Patrick J McNamara
INTRODUCTION: The postoperative course of preterm babies undergoing surgical closure of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is often complicated by postligation cardiac syndrome (PLCS). Despite targeted milrinone prophylaxis, some infants continue to experience postoperative respiratory deterioration. Our objective is to describe the immediate postoperative course and identify risk factors for respiratory instability when preterm infants undergoing PDA ligation are managed with targeted milrinone treatment...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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