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Yaoyao Xu, Meng Shen, Yidan Chen, Yeqing Lou, Ruichao Luo, Jiajia Chen, Yongjun Zhang, Jia Li, Weimin Wang
An efficient acid-hydrolysis method was developed and optimized for the hydrolyses of polysaccharide from Auricularia auricula with the ABTS· scavenging ability as the detective marker. Based on the single factor experimental results, Box-Behnken design (BBD) were applied for the optimization of acid-hydrolysis conditions. The possible antioxidant mechanism of the hydrolyses (AAPs-F) in vivo was performed using the C. elegans model. The acid-hydrolysis conditions were found to be the optimal hydrolyzing time 2...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Kumju Youn, Ji-Hyun Park, Seonah Lee, Seungeun Lee, Jinhyuk Lee, Eun-Young Yun, Woo-Sik Jeong, Mira Jun
β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) plays a role in generating amyloid β (Aβ), thus playing a major part early in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). BACE1 has emerged as a crucial therapeutic target for decreasing the Aβ concentration in the AD brain. To explore natural BACE1 inhibitors, the present study concentrated on isoflavones, including genistein, formononetin, glycitein, daidzein, and puerarin. In this study, in vitro anti-AD activities were assessed using BACE1 inhibition assays, as well as enzyme kinetic predictions...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Ji-Min Lee, Masahiro Yoshida, Mi-So Kim, June-Hyuk Lee, Ae-Rin Baek, An Soo Jang, Do Jin Kim, Shunsuke Minagawa, Su Sie Chin, Choon-Sik Park, Jun Araya, Kazuyoshi Kuwano, Sung Woo Park
RATIONALE: Alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) injury leading to cell death is involved in the process of fibrosis development during idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Among regulated/programmed cell death, the excessive apoptosis of AECs has been widely implicated in IPF pathogenesis. Necroptosis is a type of regulated/programmed necrosis. A multiprotein complex composed of receptor-interacting protein kinase-1 and -3 (RIPK1/3) plays a key regulatory role in initiating necroptosis. Although necroptosis participates in disease pathogeneses through the release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), its association with IPF progression remains elusive...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
M Brus, L Gradišnik, M Trapecar, D Škorjanc, R Frangež
Feed and water supplementation with powdered hydrolyzable tannins from chestnut represents a valuable alternative strategy to antibiotics in animal nutrition. In this study, we evaluated the effects and safety of a water-soluble form of chestnut tannin (WST) in an in vitro model of chicken small intestinal epithelial cells (CSIEC). A chicken cell culture was established, and WST in concentrations of 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2% were tested for cytotoxicity, cell proliferation, metabolic activity, production of reactive oxygen species, intracellular antioxidative potential, genotoxicity, and influence on the epithelia cell cycle...
February 12, 2018: Poultry Science
Bei Shi, Yan Wang, Ranzhun Zhao, Xianping Long, Wenwen Deng, Zhenglong Wang
Stem cell (SC) therapy for ischemic cardiomyopathy is hampered by poor survival of the implanted cells. Recently, SC-derived exosomes have been shown to facilitate cell proliferation and survival by transporting various proteins and non-coding RNAs (such as microRNAs and lncRNAs). In this study, miR-21 was highly enriched in exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Interestingly, exosomes collected from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-treated MSCs (H-Exo) contained higher levels of miR-21 than exosomes released from MSCs under normal conditions (N-Exo)...
2018: PloS One
Robert M Gill, Marisa O'Brien, Adrian Young, Danielle Gardiner, Ryan J Mailloux
Protein S-glutathionylation is a reversible redox modification that regulates mitochondrial metabolism and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in liver and cardiac tissue. However, whether or not it controls ROS release from skeletal muscle mitochondria has not been explored. In the present study, we examined if chemically-induced protein S-glutathionylation could alter superoxide (O2●-)/hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) release from isolated muscle mitochondria. Disulfiram, a powerful chemical S-glutathionylation catalyst, was used to S-glutathionylate mitochondrial proteins and ascertain if it can alter ROS production...
2018: PloS One
Laura J Smith, S Maryamdokht Taimoory, Roger Y Tam, Alexander E G Baker, Niema Binth Mohammad, John F Trant, Molly S Shoichet
Engineered hydrogels have been extensively used to direct cell function in 3D cell culture models, which are more representative of the native cellular microenvironment than conventional 2D cell culture. Previously, hyaluronan-furan and bis-maleimide polyethylene glycol hydrogels were synthesized via Diels-Alder chemistry at acidic pH, which did not allow encapsulation of viable cells. In order to enable gelation at physiological pH, the reaction kinetics were accelerated by replacing the hyaluronan-furan with the more electron-rich hyaluronan-methylfuran...
February 14, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Qun Guo, Zheng Guo, Jianmin Shi, Wei Xiong, Haibao Zhang, Qiang Chen, Zhongwei Liu, Xinwei Wang
A new ALD process for depositing Ni3Cx thin films is reported, using bis(N,N'-di-tert-butylacetamidinato)nickel(II) and H2 plasma. The process shows a good layer-by-layer film growth behavior with a saturated film growth rate of 0.039 nm/cycle for a fairly wide process temperature window from 75 to 250 °C. Comprehensive material characterizations are performed on the Ni3Cx films deposited at 95 C with various H2 plasma pulse lengths from 5 to 12 s, and no appreciable difference is found with the change of the plasma pulse length...
February 14, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Elizabeth M Corteselli, James M Samet, Eugene A Gibbs-Flournoy
While oxidative stress is a commonly cited toxicological mechanism, conventional methods to study it suffer from a number of shortcomings, including destruction of the sample, introduction of potential artifacts, and a lack of specificity for the reactive species involved. Thus, there is a current need in the field of toxicology for non-destructive, sensitive, and specific methods that can be used to observe and quantify intracellular redox perturbations, more commonly referred to as oxidative stress. Here, we present a method for the use of two genetically-encoded fluorogenic sensors, roGFP2 and HyPer, to be used in live-cell imaging studies to observe xenobiotic-induced oxidative responses...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Chaoran Meng, Zhaoling Li, Chaoyun Wang, Chongwen Yu, Xuerong Bi, Siyi Wang
This protocol demonstrates a method for ramie fiber extraction by scouring raw ramie in an alkali hydrogen peroxide system supported by a controlled-release alkali source. The fiber extracted from ramie is a type of textile material of great importance. In previous studies, ramie fiber was extracted in an alkali hydrogen peroxide system supported only by sodium hydroxide.However, due to the strong alkalinity of sodium hydroxide, the oxidation reaction speed of hydrogen peroxide was difficult to control and thus resulted in great damage to the treated fiber...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
G P Szekeres, Z Nemeth, K Schrantz, K Hernadi, T Graule
An easy way of controlling pore sizes during the preparation of cellulose nanopapers using nanofibrillated cellulose and different solvents, such as water, ethanol and acetone, was applied in this study. A possible mathematical model is also presented, that describes the occuring processes, which model is based on simple probability theory computations taking the number of possible hydrogen bonds into consideration. This model allows the better understanding of the solvent dependence of pore formation on a molecular level...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Gopa Dutta Pal, Somnath Paul, Munmun Bardhan, Tapan Ganguly
UV-vis absorption, FT-IR, steady state fluorescence and fluorescence lifetime measurements were made on Fluorescein dye (Fl dye) molecules in presence of gold nanoparticles of different morphologies: spherical gold nanoparticles (GNP) and star shaped gold nanoparticles (GNS). The experimental observations demonstrate that Fl dye molecules form dimers when adsorbed on nanosurface of spherical gold particles. On the other hand possibly due to lack of adsorption on the surface of GNS the dye molecules were unable to form dimers...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Muthusamy Poomalai Pachamuthu, Pushparaju Subhapriya
Fe and Cu ions incorporated (Si/Cu = 50, Si/Fe = 50 and Si/Cu + Fe = 50) amorphous, wormhole structured mesoporous catalysts (CuTUD-1, FeTUD-1 and FeCuTUD-1) (TUD-1-Technische Universiteit Delft) have been synthesized hydrothermally using low cost, non-surfactant template triethanolamine (TEA). Physicochemical properties of the catalysts were made using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Nitrogen sorption, FT-IR, DRS UV Visible, FT Raman, SEM, TEM and TG-DTG techniques. The results showed that the materials possess mesoporous, foam type morphology, surface area 485-634 m2/g, pore size 4...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
S Thangarasu, S Athimoolam, S Asath Bahadur, A Manikandan
The proton transfer salts of 2-aminopyrimidine with nitric acid (2APNO) and oxalic acid (2APOX) were synthesized and crystallized successfully by solvent evaporation solution growth technique. The crystal packing is stabilized through intricate three dimensional hydrogen bonded network. Both, the molecular structures were optimized with Density Functional Theory (DFT) using B3LYP function and Hartree-Fock method with a 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. Optimized molecular parameters between the methods were compared for the cation showing appreciable agreement...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
A K M Kafi, C C L Yam, N S Azmi, Mashitah M Yusoff
In this work, the direct electrochemistry of hemoglobin (Hb), which was immobilized on carbonyl functionalized single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) and deposited onto a gold (Au) electrode has been described. The synthesis of the network of crosslinked SWCNT/Hb was done with the help of crosslinking agent EDC (1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide). The UV-Vis and FTIR spectroscopy of SWCNT/Hb networks showed that Hb maintained its natural structure and kept good stability. In addition with this, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) illustrated that SWCNT/Hb networks had a featured layered structure and Hb being strongly liked with SWCNT surface...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Pedro Faria Zeni, Disley Prates Dos Santos, Rafael Renatino Canevarolo, José Andrés Yunes, Francine Ferreira Padilha, Ricardo Luiz C de Albuquerque Júnior, Silvia Maria Egues, Maria Lucila Hernández-Macedo
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has attracted attention as a photosensitizer in the field of photodynamic therapy (PDT) due to its low toxicity and high photostability. In the present work, nitrogen-doped TiO2 (N-TiO2) nanoparticles had their photokilling efficiency evaluated on a murine melanoma cell line (B16-F10) and fibroblasts (NIH 3T3). The N-TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by a modified hydrogen peroxide sol-gel process using triethylamine as nitrogen precursor. XRD measurements showed that all TiO2 and N-TiO2 samples consisted of an anatase crystalline phase and no trace of rutile was detected...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Katarzyna Arkusz, Ewa Paradowska, Marta Nycz, Elżzbieta Krasicka-Cydzik
The morphology of self-assembled TiO2 nanotubes layer plays a key role in electrical conductivity and biocompatibility properties in terms of cell proliferation, adhesion and mineralization. Many research studies have been reported in using a TiO2 nanotubes for different medical applications, there is a lack of unified correlation between TNT morphology and its electrochemical properties. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of diameter and annealing conditions on TiO2 nanotubes with identical height and their behaviour as biosensor platform...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Pieter Samyn, Leo Vonck, Dirk Stanssens, Henk Van den Abbeele
The encapsulation of vegetable oils within an aqueous dispersion of polymer nanoparticles provides an alternative route to create functional paper coatings from renewable resources, by combining the presentation of hydrophobic moieties together with variations in roughness at the paper surface. The effects of two selected vegetable oil types, i.e., castor oil and hydrogenated castor oil (wax), are compared in terms of nanoparticle synthesis, coating hydrophobicity and surface gloss. The nanoparticles were synthesized by adding 50 wt...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Wenkun Zhu, Tao Duan, Zuowen Hu
We have demonstrated there is a significant intermolecular interaction between GO and KGM that results from hydrogen bonding and physical cross-linking by studying the rheological properties of a graphene oxide/konjac glucomannan (GO/KGM) solution. When the addition of GO was 5%, the storage modulus (G') and loss modulus (G″) were only improved by 0.25%. However, G' and G″ were improved by approximately 90% and 73.4%, respectively, when the GO content was increased to 7.5%. The moduli also displayed a relationship between the power function and concentration...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Nhat-Thien Nguyen, Dan-Dan Zheng, Shiao-Shing Chen, Chang-Tang Chang, Chih-Ming Ma, Nguyen-Cong Nguyen, Hau-Thi Nguyen, Shui-Shu Hsiao, Sy-Yuan Kang
The Pt and graphene (GN) were used to modify TiO2 nanoparticles. GN/TiO2, Pt-TiO2, Pt-GN/TiO2 were successfully synthesized by modified Hummers' method, alcohol thermal and photodeposition method, respectively. The characterizations of the synthesized catalysts by different characterization techniques, including N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), inductively coupled plasma (ICP) technique and element analyzer (EA), respectively. In addition, different sacrificial agents (methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, i-propanol, n-butanol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propanediol, 1,3-propanediol and glycerol) have been investigated...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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