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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914723/inducing-somatic-symptoms-in-functional-syndrome-patients-effects-of-manipulating-state-negative-affect
#1
Maaike Van Den Houte, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Philippe Persoons, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Induction of negative affective states can enhance bodily symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters among healthy persons, and in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The aim of this study was to replicate this effect in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome and to investigate the role of moderators, focusing on alexithymia, negative affectivity (NA) and absorption. METHODS: Patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (N=81) and healthy controls (HC, N=41) viewed series of neutral, positive and negative affective pictures...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913747/primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-extraglandular-manifestations-and-hydroxychloroquine-therapy
#2
J Demarchi, S Papasidero, M A Medina, D Klajn, R Chaparro Del Moral, O Rillo, V Martiré, G Crespo, A Secco, A Catalan Pellet, C Amitrano, C Crow, C Asnal, P Pucci, F Caeiro, N Benzanquen, J P Pirola, M Mayer, F Zazzetti, S Velez, J Barreira, N Tamborenea, L Santiago, L Raiti
The use of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in Primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS) has been assessed in different studies over the last years, with conflicting results regarding its efficacy in sicca syndrome and extraglandular manifestations (EGM). The goal of this study was to compare the incidence rate of EGM in pSS patients with and without HCQ therapy.We performed a multicenter retrospective study, including patients with pSS (European classification criteria) with at least 1 year of follow-up. Subjects with concomitant fibromyalgia, autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis were excluded...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913116/evaluation-of-sleep-disorder-and-its-effect-on-sexual-dysfunction-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#3
Tuba Tülay Koca, Günseli Karaca Acet, Emrullah Tanrıkut, Burcu Talu
OBJECTIVE: Sexual problems are commonly seen in women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The objective of this study was to reveal the relationship between the severity of symptoms, sleep disorder, and sexual dysfunction in women with FMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 sexually active women with FMS aged 17-67 years who presented to our physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic between January 2016 and June 2016 were enrolled in the study. The patients' age, height, body weight, body mass index (BMI), and general pain score [visual analogue scale, (VAS)] for the last 1 week were recorded...
December 2016: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903778/jtm-advances-in-uncharted-territories-diseases-and-disorders-of-unknown-etiology
#4
EDITORIAL
Monica C Panelli
We are delighted to announce a new section in the Journal of Translational Medicine, 'Illnesses of Unknown Etiology'. This section aims to provide a translational medicine forum for the publication of research on illnesses, multisystem diseases and syndromes of unknown etiology. Examples of these include Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Syndrome.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903671/humor-use-moderates-the-relation-of-stressful-life-events-with-psychological-distress
#5
Heidi L Fritz, Leslie N Russek, Melissa M Dillon
Three studies examined humor and adjustment to stressful events. In Study 1, patients with fibromyalgia syndrome ( N = 22) reported on mental and physical adjustment, social interaction, and reappraisal of their illness. Dispositional humor was associated with reduced distress and fewer physical symptoms. Study 2 ( N = 109) examined undergraduates' reports of stressful events. Dispositional, self-enhancing, affiliative, and self-defeating humor showed direct effects on distress, which were mediated by social interaction and reappraisal...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901422/association-between-endothelin%C3%A2-1-and-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#6
Seong-Su Nah, Hwayoung Lee, Yeongseon Hong, Jiyun Im, Hansol Won, Sung-Hae Chang, Hyung-Ki Kim, Jun-Tack Kwon, Hak-Jae Kim
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is characterized by widespread chronic musculoskeletal pain, stiffness and pressure hyperalgesia at soft tissue tender points. Patients with FMS may exhibit a tendency towards cold extremities and cold‑induced vasospasm. Endothelin‑1 (EDN1) is a potent vasoconstrictor that is mainly produced by endothelial cells. The present study aimed to determine whether plasma expression levels avvnd single‑nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; rs1800541) of the EDN1 gene were associated with FMS and/or any of its clinical variables...
August 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899390/-if-it-s-a-medical-issue-i-would-have-covered-it-by-now-learning-about-fibromyalgia-through-the-hidden-curriculum-a-qualitative-study
#7
V Silverwood, C A Chew-Graham, I Raybould, B Thomas, S Peters
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a long-term condition that affects between 1 and 5% of the general population and lies within the spectrum of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). FMS can be difficult to diagnose and is usually done so as a diagnosis of exclusion. There is continuing debate regarding its legitimacy excluding other causes of symptoms. It is known that the diagnosis and management of MUS, including FMS, receives little attention in medical curricula and attitudes towards patients with FMS amongst medical professionals and trainees can be negative...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894759/differential-efficiency-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-in-dominant-versus-nondominant-hands-in-fibromyalgia-placebo-controlled-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#8
Aykut Eken, Murat Kara, Bora Baskak, Ayşegül Baltacı, Didem Gökçay
Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), modulation of hemodynamic responses by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) during delivery of nociceptive stimulation was investigated in fibromyalgia (FM) patients and healthy controls for both hands. Two experiments were conducted: (1) median nerve stimulation with TENS and (2) painful stimulation using electronic von Frey filaments with TENS/placebo TENS. Mean [Formula: see text] brain activity was compared across groups and conditions using factorial ANOVA...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893471/illness-perceptions-and-negative-responses-from-medical-professionals-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-association-with-patient-satisfaction-and-number-of-hospital-visits
#9
Mieko Homma, Hirono Ishikawa, Takahiro Kiuchi
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether illness perceptions among patients with fibromyalgia and negative responses from medical professionals correlate with their satisfaction with their physicians or with their number of hospital visits. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent by post to members of the Japan Fibromyalgia Support Association. Measures collected included, as independent variables, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire and the Illness Invalidation Inventory; and as outcomes, the Patient Satisfaction Consultation Questionnaire and the number of hospital visits...
August 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892807/effectiveness-of-2-osteopathic-treatment-approaches-on-pain-pressure-pain-threshold-and-disease-severity-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jessica Albers, Anne Jäkel, Kai Wellmann, Ulrike von Hehn, Tobias Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885952/military-sexual-trauma-in-female-veterans-is-associated-with-chronic-pain-conditions
#11
Sara B Cichowski, Rebecca G Rogers, Elizabeth A Clark, Erin Murata, Allison Murata, Glen Murata
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of MST on chronic pain conditions among female Veterans. The primary objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of chronic pain conditions among U.S. female veterans with a history of military sexual trauma (MST) to those without a history of MST. We anticipated that female Veterans with a history of MST would have higher associations with chronic pain conditions than the female Veterans without a history of MST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a large-scale, retrospective study using the Veterans' Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse with institutional approval (15-H175)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885733/attachment-styles-pain-intensity-and-emotional-variables-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#12
Cecilia Peñacoba, Soledad Perez-Calvo, Sheila Blanco, Lucía Sanroman
This study aims to explore the relations between attachment styles and pain intensity and certain emotional variables (anxiety, depression and alexithymia) in a sample of fibromyalgia patients, in comparison with healthy women. Data were collected from 146 women with fibromyalgia and 122 healthy women. The variables studied were attachment style, pain intensity, anxiety, depression and alexithymia dimensions. Patients with fibromyalgia showed lower percentages of secure attachment style (69.9% vs. 86%) whilst showing higher avoidant attachment (19...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884194/-erratum-to-definition-classification-clinical-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-updated-guidelines-2017-and-overview-of-systematic-review-articles
#13
W Eich, K-J Bär, M Bernateck, M Burgmer, C Dexl, F Petzke, C Sommer, A Winkelmann, W Häuser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880727/prevalence-of-ankylosing-spondylitis-disease-activity-score-asdas-inactive-disease-in-a-cohort-of-patients-treated-with-tnf-alpha-inhibitors
#14
Sara Monti, Monica Todoerti, Veronica Codullo, Ennio Giulio Favalli, Martina Biggioggero, Andrea Becciolini, Carlomaurizio Montecucco, Roberto Caporali
BACKGROUND: Treat to target (T2T), aiming at inactive disease (ID), has become the recommended strategy for axial-SpA (ax-SpA). Using the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS), we assessed the prevalence of ID in ax-SpA patients treated with TNFα inhibitors (TNFi). METHODS: A multicentric, cross-sectional study was performed assessing disease activity status (BASDAI and ASDAS) of consecutive patients with ax-SpA on stable treatment with TNFi for at least six months...
September 7, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877142/adding-prefrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-before-occipital-nerve-stimulation-in-fibromyalgia
#15
Hye Bin Yoo, Jan Ost, Wim Joos, Tony Van Havenbergh, Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia is a type of chronic musculoskeletal pain without a clear peripheral origin of nociception, often associated with depression. The underlying pathophysiology involves changes in a functional network that is related to pain and emotional processing in the central nervous system. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) targeting the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex or the occipital nerve (ON) are non-invasive neuromodulation techniques capable of improving fibromyalgia symptoms...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875224/the-influence-of-fibromyalgia-on-achieving-remission-in-patients-with-long-standing-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Fausto Salaffi, Maria Chiara Gerardi, Fabiola Atzeni, Alberto Batticciotto, Rossella Talotta, Antonella Draghessi, Marco Di Carlo, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
To investigate the influence of fibromyalgia (FM) on achieving remission defined on the basis of the Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) remission criteria in patients with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This observational longitudinal cohort consisted of long-standing RA patients being treated with conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) or biological DMARDs (bDMARDs). After 6 months of follow-up, the patients fulfilling or not fulfilling the remission criteria were identified and compared with each other in terms of the presence of FM, neuropathic pain, and other comorbidities...
September 5, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860846/ambroxol-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-science-or-fiction
#17
Kai-Uwe Kern, Myriam Schwickert
Fibromyalgia appears to present in subgroups with regard to biological pain induction, with primarily inflammatory, neuropathic/neurodegenerative, sympathetic, oxidative, nitrosative, or muscular factors and/or central sensitization. Recent research has also discussed glial activation or interrupted dopaminergic neurotransmission, as well as increased skin mast cells and mitochondrial dysfunction. Therapy is difficult, and the treatment options used so far mostly just have the potential to address only one of these aspects...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860106/web-based-mindfulness-interventions-for-people-with-physical-health-conditions-systematic-review
#18
Kirsti I Toivonen, Kristin Zernicke, Linda E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are becoming increasingly popular for helping people with physical health conditions. Expanding from traditional face-to-face program delivery, there is growing interest in Web-based application of MBIs, though Web-based MBIs for people with physical health conditions specifically have not been thoroughly reviewed to date. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to review Web-based MBIs for people with physical health conditions and to examine all outcomes reported (eg, efficacy or effectiveness for physical changes or psychological changes; feasibility)...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859685/an-umbrella-review-of-the-literature-on-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-for-pain-reduction
#19
Georgios Markozannes, Eleni Aretouli, Evangelia Rintou, Elena Dragioti, Dimitrios Damigos, Evangelia Ntzani, Evangelos Evangelou, Konstantinos K Tsilidis
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions are widely implemented for pain management and treatment, but their reported effectiveness shows considerable variation and there is elevated likelihood for bias. METHODS: We summarized the strength of evidence and extent of potential biases in the published literature of psychological interventions for pain treatment using a range of criteria, including the statistical significance of the random effects summary estimate and of the largest study of each meta-analysis, number of participants, 95% prediction intervals, between-study heterogeneity, small-study effects and excess significance bias...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857069/the-endogenous-cannabinoid-system-a-budding-source-of-targets-for-treating-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain
#20
Giulia Donvito, Sara R Nass, Jenny L Wilkerson, Zachary A Curry, Lesley D Schurman, Steven G Kinsey, Aron H Lichtman
A great need exists for the development of new medications to treat pain resulting from various disease states and types of injury. Given that the endogenous cannabinoid (ie, endocannabinoid) system modulates neuronal and immune cell function, both of which play key roles in pain, therapeutics targeting this system hold promise as novel analgesics. Potential therapeutic targets include the cannabinoid receptors, type 1 and 2, as well as biosynthetic and catabolic enzymes of the endocannabinoids N-arachidonoylethanolamine and 2-arachidonoylglycerol...
August 31, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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