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Plasmacytoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528616/secondary-skin-plasmacytomas
#1
Pedro Mendes-Bastos, Susana Brás, Cristina Amaro, Jorge Cardoso
A 78-year old man was diagnosed in 2006 with IgAκ multiple myeloma (MM) (stage III-A). The patient was referred to our dermatology department in 2012 for evaluation of erythematous skin nodules on the anterior right aspect of the thorax; the skin lesions were noted during hospitalization for multiple bone fractures. He was on fourth-line chemotherapy (with vincristine/adriamycin/dexamethasone) because of constant disease progression. The patient was unaware of the skin lesions' evolution over time and did not recall when they had first appeared...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522882/monoclonal-suncus-antibodies-generation-of-fusion-partners-to-produce-suncus-suncus-hybridomas
#2
Yoshikazu Sado, Satoko Inoue, Yasuko Tomono, Makoto Matsuyama, Masaki Fukushima, Toshitaka Oohashi, Takamichi Jogahara, Sen-Ichi Oda
We used suncus (Suncus murinus; house musk shrew) to generate partner cells for cell fusion to produce suncus monoclonal antibodies. Suncus are insectivores that are genetically distant to rodents, and recognize antigens and epitopes that are not immunogenic in mice and rats, which are the animals most commonly used in basic life science research and from which monoclonal antibodies are usually produced. To date, monoclonal antibodies from suncus have not been generated due to the lack of a plasmacytoma fusion partner...
April 27, 2017: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522584/cooperative-targets-of-combined-mtor-hdac-inhibition-promote-myc-degradation
#3
John K Simmons, Aleksandra M Michalowski, Benjamin J Gamache, Wendy DuBois, Jyoti Patel, Ke Zhang, Joy Gary, Shuling Zhang, Snehal Gaikwad, Daniel Connors, Nicholas Watson, Elena Leon, Jin-Qiu Chen, W Michael Kuehl, Maxwell P Lee, Adriana Zingone, Ola Landgren, Peter Ordentlich, Jing Huang, Beverly A Mock
Cancer treatments often require combinations of molecularly targeted agents to be effective. mTORi (rapamycin) and HDACi (MS-275/entinostat) inhibitors have been shown to be effective in limiting tumor growth, and here we define part of the cooperative action of this drug combination. More than 60 human cancer cell lines responded synergistically (CI<1) when treated with this drug combination compared to single agents.  In addition, a breast cancer patient-derived xenograft, and a BCL-XL plasmacytoma mouse model both showed enhanced responses to the combination compared to single agents...
May 18, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520497/lncrna-pvt1-regulates-chondrocyte-apoptosis-in-osteoarthritis-by-acting-as-a-sponge-for-mir-488-3p
#4
Yufei Li, Shuhua Li, Yatong Luo, Yong Liu, Nanhui Yu
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been known to be involved in multiple diverse diseases, including osteoarthritis (OA). The present study aims at exploring the biological role of lncRNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) in OA and the underlying mechanism. Results showed that the expression of PVT1 was upregulated in OA chondrocytes compared with normal chondrocytes, silencing PVT1 inhibited the apoptosis of OA chondrocytes, and overexpression of PVT1 promoted the apoptosis of normal chondrocytes...
May 18, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507591/marginal-zone-b-cell-lymphoma-mimicking-extramedullary-plasmacytoma-and-the-clinical-outcome-after-treatment
#5
Man Fai Law, Hay Nun Chan, Charlotte Leung, Cheuk Kei Wong, Ho Kei Lai, Chung Yin Ha, Celia Ng, Yiu Ming Yeung, Sze Fai Yip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503336/plasmacytoma-as-a-mimicker-of-colonic-carcinoma-in-an-elderly-man
#6
Sara Mathew George, Eman Ali Aljufairi, Nisha Chandran, Sayed Ali Isa Almahari
Multiple myeloma is a neoplastic proliferation of monoclonal plasma cells. Although it is usually restricted to the bone marrow, extraskeletal spread in the form of localised extramedullary collections of malignant plasma cells (plasmacytomas) can occur. However, gastrointestinal tract involvement in multiple myeloma is rare and overt gastrointestinal bleeding from plasmacytoma is uncommon. We report a case of colonic plasmacytoma which presented with bleeding per rectum and was initially misdiagnosed as colonic neuroendocrine carcinoma...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491756/radiation-associated-plasmacytoma-following-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Justin Chow, Theresa Trotter, Peter Duggan, Stephen B Wilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468089/-clinical-characteristics-and-survival-analysis-of-eight-cases-hiv-negative-plasmablastic-lymphoma
#8
X Han, L X Hu, M Q Ouyang, M H Duan, D B Zhou
Objective: To deepen the knowledge of HIV-negative plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) . Methods: Medical records from 8 HIV-negative PBL patients diagnosed in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1997 to May 2015 were collected, and the clinical features and prognosis of these patients were analyzed. Results: All of these 8 patients were diagnosed as HIV-negative PBL, 3 of 8 patients were males, and others were female. The median age was 60 (43-80) year. Among these patients, 4 cases had underlying immunosuppressive state...
April 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465873/calvarial-plasmacytoma-mimicking-meningioma-as-the-initial-presentation-of-multiple-myeloma
#9
Peter Morgenstern, David Pisapia, Rohan Ramakrishna
Plasmacytoma of the calvarium is a well-described feature of multiple myeloma and in some cases has been reported as a solitary lesion. However, when associated with multiple myeloma these are typically identified after the initial diagnosis is made. This case is unusual in that the diagnosis of plasmacytoma was first suspected in a patient thought to have a meningioma on the day of surgery, when a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated spontaneous involution of the mass. Recognition of evolving changes in a calvarial or dural-based lesion should prompt the practitioner to consider alternative diagnoses other than meningioma prior to proceeding with surgical resection...
March 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458786/large-plasmacytoma-occupying-the-upper-limb-in-a-myeloma-patient
#10
Junichiro Takano, Kensuke Ohikata, Daisuke Nagase, Toru Igari, Kazuhiko Natori, Shotaro Hagiwara
Extramedullary disease (EMD) is an issue for patients with multiple myeloma (MM), since extramedullary spread of MM is associated with an aggressive course and a poor prognosis. Moreover, the mechanism of EMD development is uncertain. Here, we present extensive extramedullary plasmacytoma occupying the left upper limb of a 66-year-old female patient with MM with an extremely aggressive course and multiple visceral organ involvement without bone marrow infiltration or plasma cell leukemia. EMD of this large size is extremely rare and this case may provide a clue for better understanding of clinical features of EMD in MM...
March 24, 2017: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457927/metastatic-intracerebral-plasmacytoma-treated-with-radiation-and-thalidomide-dexamethasone-with-cyclophosphamide-chemotherapy-case-report
#11
Tae-Shin Kim, Seok-Jin Ko, Kyung-Jae Park, Shin-Hyuk Kang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454444/anterior-mediastinum-invasion-by-multiple-myeloma-a-case-report
#12
Ying-Hui Xu, Lu-Guo Sun, Chao Sun, Ou Bai, Ting-Ting Liang, Ke-Wei Ma
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow (BM) that secretes monoclonal paraproteins in the blood serum and urine. Bone marrow MM cells can invade and damage the functions of other tissues and organs, such as the lungs, spleen, liver, pancreas, kidneys and lymph nodes. However, the invasion of MM cells primarily located in the BM to the anterior mediastinum at the site of the thymus is an extremely rare event. The current study reports the case of a 53-year-old female who presented with MM with involvement of the anterior mediastinum...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431708/extramedullary-plasmacytoma-arising-from-the-anterior-mediastinum
#13
Kiyoshi Sato, Satoshi Fumimoto, Takehisa Fukada, Yoshio Ichihashi, Kaoru Ochi, Hidetoshi Satomi, Takuya Morita, Nobuharu Hanaoka, Yoshikatsu Okada, Takahiro Katsumata
Plasmacytomas are a localized proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow and soft tissue. Extramedullary plasmacytomas are rare and typically solitary plasma cell neoplasms originating from extraosseous organs and tissues. A 31-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a rapidly growing abnormal shadow on a chest roentgenogram. Chest computed tomography showed that the lesion was located in the anterior mediastinum. She underwent surgery, and the tumor was diagnosed as an extramedullary plasmacytoma...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424097/unusual-course-of-generalized-lymph-node-primary-plasmacytoma-in-a-patient-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Vadim R Gorodetskiy, Natalya A Probatova, Vladimir I Vasilyev
BACKGROUND: Primary lymph node plasmacytoma is a rare disease that typically involves lymph nodes of the neck. In only 15% of cases is the disease generalized. Here, we present a case of generalized lymph node plasmacytoma in a patient with Sjögren's syndrome with an unusual course. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48-year-old white woman presented to our hospital with enlargement of groups of lymph nodes, liver, and spleen. Her medical history was consistent with a 12-year course of Sjögren's syndrome...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420651/anorectal-involvement-in-a-patient-with-multiple-myeloma
#15
Pedro Russo, Ana Luisa Tomé, Tiago Capela, Maria João Bettencourt
Multiple myeloma is a neoplastic proliferation of monoclonal plasma cells. Symptomatic gastrointestinal involvement is uncommon. We report the case of a 45-year-old patient admitted with an anorectal polypoid lesion, which progressed to colonic obstruction. Investigation revealed a secondary plasmacytoma associated with multiple myeloma. We discuss the characteristics of this rare entity with poor prognosis, its clinical implications and treatment options.
April 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413546/solitary-plasmacytoma-of-temporal-bone-a-rare-case-report
#16
Ritesh Kumar, Narendra Kumar, Sandeep Mohindro, B D Radotra
Solitary plasmacytoma of base of skull is a rare disease. It presents with headache, swelling, and other vague symptoms. Systemic work-up to rule out multiple myeloma is necessary. Radiotherapy is the treatment of choice. We, here, present a case of solitary plasmacytoma of base of skull in right temporal bone in a 50-year-old female treated with surgery and radiotherapy.
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409043/rare-presentation-of-primary-extramedullary-plasmacytoma-as-lip-lesion
#17
Mali Him, Maggie Meier, Vikas Mehta
Malignant plasma cell proliferation can be presented as part of disseminated disease of multiple myeloma, as solitary plasmacytoma of bone, or in soft tissue as extramedullary plasmacytoma. Extramedullary plasmacytomas represented approximately 3% of all plasma cell proliferation. Approximately 80% of extramedullary plasmacytomas occur in the head and neck region while the other 4% occur in the skin and to a lesser extent in the lip. In this paper, we report a rare case of primary cutaneous plasmacytoma involving the lip in a 65-year-old male...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405083/plasmablastic-plasmacytoma-of-the-breast
#18
Don K Le, David Metter, John R Krause
Breast plasmacytomas are extremely rare entities that can be seen as primary malignant neoplasms in the absence of bone involvement or as secondary neoplasms from disseminated multiple myeloma. Clinicians should be aware of this entity, as it may mimic benign and malignant lesions in the breast. Microscopically, immature plasmacytomas may mimic other neoplasms, so caution should be made on histological examination to ensure the correct diagnosis and corresponding therapy. Here we present a case of a plasmablastic plasmacytoma of the breast in a 55-year-old woman that was originally thought to be an angiosarcoma...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402206/second-cancers-in-survivors-of-plasmacytoma-of-bone-in-the-u-s-a-a-seer-database-analysis
#19
Mohamed Abd El-Fattah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401875/-tumors-of-unknown-origin-case-report
#20
Arni Jon Geirsson, Sigridur Thordis Valtysdottir, Andres Sigvaldason, Margret Sigurdardottir
IgG4 related disease is a recently recognized chronic fibrotic, inflammatory condition, caused by infiltrating IgG4 positive plasma cells that can cause tumor like disease in almost any organ in the body. Typical histopathology is lymphoplasmocytic infiltration of IgG4 positive cells, storiform fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis. Glucocorticoids alone or in combination with B-cell depletion with rituximab causes often good, lasting response. We present here a lady with recurrent lung infiltration that simulated pneumonia and later tumor of the lung...
April 2017: Læknablađiđ
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