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Liver transplantation in rat

Serge Erlinger
Wilson disease is characterized by massive copper overload caused by a mutation of the liver-specific copper-transporting ATPase, ATP7B. Presently, liver transplantation is the only treatment available to patients with advanced or acute liver disease. In this paper, the authors describe the therapeutic effect of methanobactin, a potent bacterial copper-binding protein, in a rat model of Wilson disease, the Atp7b(-/-) rat. Their results show a marked improvement of clinical, biochemical and ultrastructural abnormalities...
October 12, 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
S H Lauz Medeiros, A de Oliveira Menezes, L Zogbi, E Frasson de Souza Montero
BACKGROUND: The ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) phenomenon can cause the dysfunction of some transplanted organs and other distant organs. Liver surgery success, including transplantations, may depend on the adverse effects of intestinal mucosa injury arising from temporary porta triad occlusion. The study objective was to examine I/R liver effects on the small intestine in rats after N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment. METHODS: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
E Yu, H Ueta, H Kimura, Y Kitazawa, Y Sawanobori, K Matsuno
Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) following liver transplantation (LT) is a rare but serious complication, with no presently available animal model and no preventive measure. To develop a rat LT-GvHD model, we preconditioned hosts with sublethal irradiation plus reduction of NK cells with anti-CD8α mAb treatment, which invariably resulted in acute LT-GvHD. Compared to those in the peripheral counterpart, graft CD4(+) CD25(-) passenger T cells showed lower alloreactivities in mixed leukocyte culture. Immunohistology revealed that donor CD4(+) T cells migrated and formed clusters with host dendritic cells in secondary lymphoid organs, with early expansion and subsequent accumulation in target organs...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Congwen Bian, Yiqi Du, Rui Ding, Jun Huang, Yan Dai, Sujin Bao, Lijuan Zhao, Hefang Shen, Jing Dong, Jianjian Xu, Qiru Xiong, Lili Xu
Biliary complications remain a major source of morbidity in liver transplant patients. Among these complications, nonanastomotic biliary strictures (NAS) are especially common and they are frequently therapy resistant in part because biliary epithelial cells are more sensitive to warm ischemic injury than hepatocytes. It has been a challenge to maintain the physiological function of biliary epithelial cells during liver transplantation. In this work, we have examined the effect of oxygen on proliferation of biliary epithelial cells in the rat livers obtained from donation after circulatory death (DCD)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Henda Ferchichi, Sarra Bacha, Nadia Kourda, Salma Melaouhia, Emna Gaies, Mohamed Lakhal, Anis Klouz, S Trabelsi, Issam Salouage
Introduction In recent years, many marine resources have drew attention in the research for bio-active compounds to develop new drugs and health foods. (1) Marine algae are now considered as a rich source of antioxidants (2). It is known that seaweeds contain numerous bioactive substances that have the ability to lower cholesterol, reduce blood pressure, promote healthy digestion; and antioxidant activity (3). Natural antioxidants are interesting compounds due to their properties which help prevent oxidative stress (4), among other potentially beneficial actions...
April 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Ester García-Casarrubios, Carlos de Moura, Ana I Arroba, Nuria Pescador, María Calderon-Dominguez, Laura Garcia, Laura Herrero, Dolors Serra, Susana Cadenas, Flavio Reis, Eugenia Carvalho, Maria Jesus Obregon, Ángela M Valverde
New onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) is a metabolic disorder that affects 40% of patients on immunosuppressive agent (IA) treatment, such as rapamycin (also known as sirolimus). IAs negatively modulate insulin action in peripheral tissues including skeletal muscle, liver and white fat. However, the effects of IAs on insulin sensitivity and thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT) have not been investigated. We have analyzed the impact of rapamycin on insulin signaling, thermogenic gene-expression and mitochondrial respiration in BAT...
September 26, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Silvia Ribback, Verena Sailer, Enrico Böhning, Julia Günther, Jaqueline Merz, Frauke Steinmüller, Kirsten Utpatel, Antonio Cigliano, Kristin Peters, Maria G Pilo, Matthias Evert, Diego F Calvisi, Frank Dombrowski
Activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway promotes the development of hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) and carcinoma (HCC). The selective EGFR inhibitor Gefitinib was found to prevent hepatocarcinogenesis in rat cirrhotic livers. Thus, Gefitinib might reduce progression of pre-neoplastic liver lesions to HCC. In short- and long-term experiments, administration of N-Nitrosomorpholine (NNM) or intrahepatic transplantation of pancreatic islets in diabetic (PTx), thyroid follicles in thyroidectomized (TTx) and ovarian fragments in ovariectomized (OTx) rats was conducted for the induction of foci of altered hepatocytes (FAH)...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Petros Ypsilantis, Constantinos Simopoulos
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic partial hepatectomy is an increasingly applied technique in the treatment of liver tumors and in living donor transplantation. There is a need for establishing an animal model that would facilitate experimental research on the technique. The aim of the present study was to describe a safe and efficient laparoscopic technique of 70% partial hepatectomy in the rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four male Wistar rats underwent either laparoscopic (group LAP-HEP) or open resection of the median and left lateral hepatic lobes (group HEP)...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Ben Ma, Jing-Yue Yang, Wen-Jie Song, Rui Ding, Zhuo-Chao Zhang, Hong-Chen Ji, Xuan Zhang, Jian-Lin Wang, Xi-Sheng Yang, Kai-Shan Tao, Ke-Feng Dou, Xiao Li
Allograft tolerance is the ultimate goal in the field of transplantation immunology. Immature dendritic cells (imDCs) play an important role in establishing tolerance but have limitations, including potential for maturation, short lifespan in vivo and short storage times in vitro. However, exosomes (generally 30-100 nm) from imDCs (imDex) retain many source cell properties and may overcome these limitations. In previous reports, imDex prolonged the survival time of heart or intestine allografts. However, tolerance or long-term survival was not achieved unless immune suppressants were used...
2016: Scientific Reports
Xin Zhao, Xiaolei Shi, Zhiheng Zhang, Hucheng Ma, Xianwen Yuan, Yitao Ding
BACKGROUND: The imbalance of immunity is an important pathogenesis of acute liver failure (ALF). Neutrophils are the hallmark of acute inflammation, which have an essential role in immune regulation. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation is a promising therapy in ALF treatment. Recent studies indicated a considerable connection between MSCs and neutrophils in immune regulation. AIM: To investigate changes in neutrophils in ALF rats after MSC transplantation, and to explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of the combined treatment with MSC transplantation and neutrophil depletion in ALF...
September 13, 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Anna C Croce, Andrea Ferrigno, Laura G Di Pasqua, Clarissa Berardo, Valeria Maria Piccolini, Vittorio Bertone, Giovanni Bottiroli, Mariapia Vairetti
Liver tissue autofluorescence (AF) has been characterized in two models with a different potential to undergo disease progression to steatohepatitis: Wistar rats, administered with a methionine, choline deficient diet (MCD), and Zucker (fa/fa) rats, homozygous for a spontaneous mutation of leptin receptor. AF spectra were recorded from liver tissue cryostatic sections by microspectrofluorometry, under 366nm excitation. Curve fitting analysis was used to estimate the contribution of different endogenous fluorophores (EFs) to the overall AF emission: i) fluorescing fatty acids, a fraction of liver lipids up to now poorly considered and complicated to detect by conventional procedures; ii) lipofuscin-like lipopigments, biomarkers of oxidizing events; iii) NAD(P)H and flavins, biomarkers of energy metabolism and tissue redox state...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Graziano Oldani, Stéphanie Lacotte, Lorenzo A Orci, Vaihere Delaune, Florence Slits, Quentin Gex, Philippe Morel, Laura Rubbia-Brandt, Christian Toso
BACKGROUND: Due to the wide availability of genetically modified animals, mouse orthotopic liver transplantation is often preferred over rat liver transplantation. We present a simplified mouse liver transplantation technique, and compare transplantation outcomes with versus without hepatic artery anastomosis. METHODS: Instruments for liver implantation were designed and 3D-printed. The suprahepatic vena cava anastomosis was performed with 10-0 running suture. The vena porta and infrahepatic vena cava were joined on extraluminal cuffs, using the 3D-printed device for spatial alignment and stabilisation...
September 12, 2016: Liver Transplantation
Giuseppe Pettinato, Rajesh Ramanathan, Robert A Fisher, Martin J Mangino, Ning Zhang, Xuejun Wen
Treatment of acute liver failure by cell transplantation is hindered by a shortage of human hepatocytes. Current protocols for hepatic differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) result in low yields, cellular heterogeneity, and limited scalability. In the present study, we have developed a novel multicellular spheroid-based hepatic differentiation protocol starting from embryoid bodies of hiPSCs (hiPSC-EBs) for robust mass production of human hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) using two novel inhibitors of the Wnt pathway...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mohammad S Khuroo, Mehnaaz S Khuroo, Naira S Khuroo
Hepatitis E was identified as an epidemic of non-A, non-B hepatitis from Kashmir, India in 1978. Hepatitis E virus (HEV), the etiological agent is the sole member of family Hepeviridae. The virus has marked heterogeneity and infects many animals like bats, camel, chicken, deer, boar, mongoose, pigs, rats, rabbit and cutthroat trout. Hepatitis E is a disease with a major global impact and has two distinct epidemiological patterns. Hepatitis E is an imperative health issue in developing nations, transmitted through sullied water and happens most every now in young adults...
August 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Zheng Chen, Qiaoting Kuang, Xue-Jun Lao, Jie Yang, Weidong Huang, Dong Zhou
The aim of the study was to investigate the possibility of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) surviving and differentiating into hepatocyte-like cells in partially hepatectomized model rats. MSCs were isolated from human umbilical cord and cultured with collagenase digestion. Cell surface markers were detected and fifth generation UC-MSCs were labeled with PKH26. The partially hepatectomized model rats were injected with the labeled human umbilical cord MSCs and transplanted through the portal vein...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Rui Wei, Jin Yang, Meijuan Gao, Haining Wang, Wenfang Hou, Yiming Mu, Guian Chen, Tianpei Hong
Microenvironment regulates cell fate and function. In this study, we investigated the effects of the infarcted cardiac microenvironment on cardiac differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). hESCs were intramyocardially transplanted into infarcted or uninjured rat hearts. After 4 weeks, mesodermal and cardiac lineage markers were detected by immunofluorescence. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography. hESCs were differentiated in vitro under hypoxic (5% O2 ), low-nutrient (5% FBS), or control condition...
November 2016: Cell Biology International
Philipp Kron, Andrea Schlegel, Olivier de Rougemont, Christian Eugen Oberkofler, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Philipp Dutkowski
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate novel and easily applicable preservation perfusion techniques in kidney grafts obtained from donors after circulatory death (DCD). BACKGROUND: A novel perfusion approach, hypothermic oxygenated perfusion (HOPE), used for DCD liver grafts, is based on cold perfusion for 1 hour by an oxygenated solution before implantation. Here, we aimed to test HOPE in a rodent model of kidney grafts associated with substantial warm ischemia...
November 2016: Annals of Surgery
Gonzalo Torres-Villalobos, Nashla Hamdan-Pérez, Andrea Díaz-Villaseñor, Armando R Tovar, Ivan Torre-Villalvazo, Guillermo Ordaz-Nava, Sofía Morán-Ramos, Lilia G Noriega, Braulio Martínez-Benítez, Alejandro López-Garibay, Samuel Torres-Landa, Juan C Ceballos-Cantú, Claudia Tovar-Palacio, Elizabeth Figueroa-Juárez, Marcia Hiriart, Roberto Medina-Santillán, Carmen Castillo-Hernández, Nimbe Torres
Long-term dietary and pharmacological treatments for obesity have been questioned, particularly in individuals with severe obesity, so a new approach may involve adipose tissue transplants, particularly autologous transplants. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the metabolic effects of autologous subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) transplants into two specific intraabdominal cavity sites (omental and retroperitoneal) after 90 days. The study was performed using two different diet-induced obesity (DIO) rat models: one using a high-fat diet (HFD) and the other using a high-carbohydrate diet (HCHD)...
September 2016: Physiological Reports
Xiang Qi, Kevin Tak-Pan Ng, Yan Shao, Chang Xian Li, Wei Geng, Chang Chun Ling, Yuen Yuen Ma, Xiao Bing Liu, Hui Liu, Jiang Liu, Wai Ho Yeung, Chung Mau Lo, Kwan Man
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Our previous study showed that small-for-size liver graft may provide favorable micro-environment for tumor growth. GPx3, an anti-oxidant, not only attenuates oxidative stress, but also suppresses liver tumor growth in our recent study. Here, we aimed to characterize the clinical significance and explore the functional role of GPx3 in HCC recurrence after liver transplantation. METHODS: To explore the association between GPx3 expression and HCC invasiveness, a rat orthotopic liver transplantation model with tumor development was established...
2016: Theranostics
M Karakose, F A Pinarli, M S Arslan, G Boyuk, B Boztok, A Albayrak, A T Ulus, E Cakal, T Delibasi
BACKGROUND: Currently, the most commonly used site for clinical islet transplantation is the liver although it is far from being an ideal site. Low oxygen tension and the induction of an inflammatory response impair islet implantation and lead to significant early loss of islet. The present study aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy of islet transplantation to the ovary and kidney subcapsule in diabetic rats. METHODS: The study was performed with 3 groups of rats (control, ovary, and kidney subcapsule) including 6 Sprague female rats each...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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