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General surgery residents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098712/business-education-for-plastic-surgeons-a-systematic-review-development-and-implementation-of-a-business-principles-curriculum-in-a-residency-program
#1
Bahar Zarrabi, Karen K Burce, Stella M Seal, Scott D Lifchez, Richard J Redett, Kevin Frick, Amir H Dorafshar, Carisa M Cooney
BACKGROUND: Rising healthcare costs, decreasing reimbursement rates, and changes in American healthcare are forcing physicians to become increasingly business-minded. Both academic and private plastic surgeons can benefit from being educated in business principles. We conducted a systematic review to identify existing business curricula and integrated a business principles curriculum into residency training. METHODS: We anonymously surveyed our department regarding perceived importance of business principles and performed a systematic literature review from 1993-2013 using PubMed and Embase to identify residency training programs that had designed/implemented business curricula...
January 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089342/a-simulation-based-cognitive-assessment-of-resident-decision-making-during-complex-urinary-catheterization-scenarios
#2
Jay N Nathwani, Katherine E Law, Anna K Witt, R D Ray, S M DiMarco, C M Pugh
BACKGROUND: This study explores general surgery residents' decision making skills in uncommon, complex urinary catheter scenarios. METHODS: 40 residents were presented with two scenarios. Scenario A was a male with traumatic urethral injury and scenario B was a male with complete urinary blockage. Residents verbalized whether they would catheterize the patient and described the workup and management of suspected pathologies. Residents' decision paths were documented and analyzed...
January 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069528/personal-and-professional-well-being-of-surgical-residents-in-new-england
#3
Peter S Yoo, John J Tackett, Mark W Maxfield, Rosemarie Fisher, Stephen J Huot, Walter E Longo
BACKGROUND: Although there is increasing literature about burnout and attrition among surgeons, little is known about personal and professional well-being of surgical trainees. STUDY DESIGN: General surgery residents from the six New England states participated in a cross-sectional, qualitative, self-reported survey to assess the domains of personal health maintenance, personal finance, work environment, and fatigue management as they relate to surgical training...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063606/-assessment-of-antibiotic-use-and-impact-of-an-intervention-intended-to-modify-the-prescribing-behavior-in-surgical-prophylaxis-in-6hospitals-in-the-metropolitan-area-of-monterrey-mexico
#4
Gerardo Del Carmen Palacios-Saucedo, Mauricio de la Garza-Camargo, Evangelina Briones-Lara, Sandra Carmona-González, Ricardo García-Cabello, Luis Arturo Islas-Esparza, Gustavo Saldaña-Flores, Juan Roberto González-Cano, Román González-Ruvalcaba, Francisco Javier Valadez-Botello, Gerardo Enrique Muñoz-Maldonado, Carlos Alberto Montero-Cantú, Rita Delia Díaz-Ramos, Fortino Solórzano-Santos
BACKGROUND: Improper use of antibiotics increases antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the use of antibiotics and the impact of an intervention designed to improve antibiotic prescription for surgical prophylaxis in 6 hospitals of Monterrey, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Design: A prospective multicenter survey and a pretest-postest experimental study. Phase 1: Survey to evaluate the use of antibiotics through an especially designed guide...
January 4, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057292/impact-of-integrated-programs-on-general-surgery-operative-volume
#5
Amanda R Jensen, Brianne L Nickel, Scott C Dolejs, David F Canal, Laura Torbeck, Jennifer N Choi
BACKGROUND: Integrated residencies are now commonplace, co-existing with categorical general surgery residencies. The purpose of this study was to define the impact of integrated programs on categorical general surgery operative volume. METHODS: Case logs from categorical general, integrated plastics, vascular, and thoracic surgery residents from a single institution from 2008 to 2016 were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Integrated residents have increased the number of cases they perform that would have previously been general surgery resident cases from 11 in 2009-2010 to 1392 in 2015-2016...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049680/career-and-professional-satisfaction-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residents-academic-surgeons-and-private-practitioners-does-gender-matter
#6
Kyriaki C Marti, Jesse Lanzon, Sean P Edwards, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to determine whether male vs. female oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents, academic surgeons (i.e., faculty members), and private practitioners in the U.S. differed in their general career satisfaction and job/professional satisfaction. Survey data were collected in 2011-12 from 267 OMS residents (response rate 55%), 271 OMS academic surgeons (response rate 31%), and 417 OMS private practitioners (response rates 13% web-based survey and 29% postal mail survey). The results showed that while the male vs...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045741/is-your-graduating-general-surgery-resident-qualified-to-take-trauma-call-a-15-year-appraisal-of-the-changes-in-general-surgery-education-for-trauma
#7
Aaron Strumwasser, Daniel Grabo, Kenji Inaba, Kazuhide Matsushima, Damon Clark, Elizabeth Benjamin, Lydia Lam, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Trauma training in general surgery residency is undergoing an evolution. Hour restrictions, the growth of subspecialty care and the trend towards non-operative management have altered resident exposure to operative trauma. We sought to identify trends in resident trauma training since the inception of the 80-hour workweek. METHODS: The Accreditation Council for General Medical Education (ACGME) Case Log Statistical Reports for Surgery was abstracted for general surgery resident trauma operative volume for the years 1999-2014...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045718/william-francis-rienhoff-jr-md-halsted-s-last-resident
#8
Richard F Heitmiller
William Francis Rienhoff Jr. was a skilled and innovative surgeon whose career spanned over 4 decades of patient care, clinical investigative research, and surgical education. He was an unforgettable character for those who knew him. Colleagues, coworkers, and friends developed strong and divergent opinions of him. His professional life coincided with the early development of general and thoracic surgery to which he contributed.
December 30, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041605/racial-and-ethnic-diversity-of-u-s-plastic-surgery-trainees
#9
Jason Silvestre, Joseph M Serletti, Benjamin Chang
BACKGROUND: Increased diversity of U.S. physicians can improve patient communication and mitigate health disparities for racial minorities. This study analyzes trends in racial and ethnic diversity of plastic surgery residents. METHODS: Demographic data of surgical residents, medical students, and integrated plastic surgery residency applicants were obtained from the Association of American Medical Colleges. Data for college students and the general population were obtained from the U...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034439/you-can-t-blame-the-wreck-on-the-train
#10
John R Potts
General surgical residency education is faced with a number of challenges today. Among those are resident duty hour limitations, the fact that residency is hospital-based despite the practice of general surgery being largely outpatient, changing diseases and conditions treated by the general surgeon and changing methods of treatment, development and maintenance of a user friendly curriculum and the support and provision for faculty development. The greatest single barrier, though, to education of the surgical resident is the lack of appropriate supervision...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032557/emotional-intelligence-in-surgery-is-associated-with-resident-job-satisfaction
#11
Robert H Hollis, Lauren M Theiss, Allison A Gullick, Joshua S Richman, Melanie S Morris, Jayleen M Grams, John R Porterfield, Daniel I Chu
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with improved work performance and job satisfaction in several industries. We evaluated whether EI was associated with higher measures of work performance and job satisfaction in surgical residents. METHODS: We distributed the validated Trait EI Questionnaire and job satisfaction survey to all general surgery residents at a single institution in 2015. EI and job satisfaction scores were compared with resident performance using faculty evaluations of clinical competency-based surgical milestones and standardized test scores including the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029374/selection-bias-examining-the-feasibility-utility-and-participant-receptivity-to-incorporating-simulation-into-the-general-surgery-residency-selection-process
#12
Aimee K Gardner, Christopher P Steffes, Dmitry Nepomnayshy, Cate Nicholas, Warren D Widmann, Shimae C Fitzgibbons, Brian J Dunkin, Daniel B Jones, John T Paige
BACKGROUND: Opportunities exist to revise the current residency selection process to capture desirable candidate competencies. We examined the extent to which components of the American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education simulation-based medical student curriculum combined with a teamwork activity could be used as potential screening method. METHODS: Students participated in a workshop consisting of training/evaluation of knot tying, suturing, airway management, gowning/gloving, and teamwork...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017297/prevalence-and-predictors-of-depression-among-general-surgery-residents
#13
Dana T Lin, Cara A Liebert, Micaela M Esquivel, Jennifer Tran, James N Lau, Ralph S Greco, Claudia M Mueller, Arghavan Salles
BACKGROUND: Recent resident suicides have highlighted the need to address depression among medical trainees. This study sought to identify the prevalence and predictors of depression among surgical residents. METHODS: Surgical residents at a single institution were surveyed. Depression and personal traits were assessed using validated measures; participant demographics were also obtained. RESULTS: 73 residents completed the survey (response rate 63%)...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000224/fabrication-and-validation-of-a-low-cost-medium-fidelity-silicone-injection-molded-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-simulation-model
#14
Daniel R Chang, Ryan P Lin, Sarah Bowe, Leon Bunegin, Erik K Weitzel, Kevin C McMains, Thomas Willson, Philip G Chen
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Develop a low-cost, medium-fidelity model for education in endoscopic sinus surgery techniques. Establish face and content validity of the model based on the feedback of otolaryngology faculty including fellowship-trained rhinologists. STUDY DESIGN: Survey. METHODS: A novel silicone injection molded sinus model was constructed. Three fellowship-trained rhinologists and four general otolaryngologists were recruited to perform seven tasks and provide feedback of the model's performance via a 22-question Likert survey...
December 21, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998859/-effect-of-magnesium-sulphate-infusion-on-emergence-agitation-in-patients-undergoing-esophageal-carcinoma-with-general-anesthesia-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#15
Min Xie, Xiang-Kui Li, Jie Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of magnesium sulphate for reducing the incidence of the emergence agitation in patients undergoing surgery for esophageal carcinoma with general anesthesia. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial was conducted in patients undergoing elective radical resection of esophageal carcinoma in Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital between October, 2015 and March, 2016. The patients underwent surgeries under general intravenous anesthesia, and after anesthesia induction, the patients were infused with magnesium sulphate at the rate of 0...
December 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996342/sick-leave-in-sweden-before-and-after-total-joint-replacement-in-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-patients
#16
Kjerstin Stigmar, Leif E Dahlberg, Caddie Zhou, Helena Jacobson Lidgren, Ingemar F Petersson, Martin Englund
Background and purpose - Little is know about patterns of sick leave in connection with total hip and knee joint replacement (THR and TKR) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Patients and methods - Using registers from southern Sweden, we identified hip and knee OA patients aged 40-59 years who had a THR or TKR in the period 2004-2012. Patients who died or started on disability pension were excluded. We included 1,307 patients with THR (46% women) and 996 patients with TKR (56% women). For the period 1 year before until 2 years after the surgery, we linked individual-level data on sick leave from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency...
December 20, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986235/building-a-sustainable-global-surgery-nonprofit-organization-at-an-academic-institution
#17
Margaret M Frisella
BACKGROUND: Surgical Outreach for the Americas is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization providing surgical care to those in need in developing countries of the Western Hemisphere. Every year since its inception in 2008, teams of surgeons, nurses, and allied health professionals have traveled to areas of need and performed primarily hernia repair surgeries for those without access to affordable health care. METHODS: Surgical Outreach for the Americas (SOfA) began as a general concept based on World Health Organization statistics claiming that 11% of the global burden of disease can be resolved via surgery...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986231/building-a-sustainable-global-surgical-program-in-an-academic-department-of-surgery
#18
Linda P Zhang, Daniel Silverberg, Celia M Divino, Michael Marin
BACKGROUND: Global surgery and volunteerism in surgery has gained significant interest in recent years for general surgery residents across the country. However, there are few well-established long-term surgical programs affiliated with academic institutions. The present report discusses the implementation process and challenges facing an academic institution in building a long-term sustainable global surgery program. METHODS: As one of the pioneer programs in global surgery for residents, the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai global surgery rotation has been successfully running for the last 10 years in a small public hospital in the Dominican Republic...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981879/inter-observer-agreement-of-paranasal-sinus-computed-tomography-scans
#19
Anna Julkunen, Emma Terna, Jura Numminen, Antti Markkola, Prasun Dastidar, Matti Karjalainen, Heini Huhtala, Markus Rautiainen, Jukka Meurman, Sanna Toppila-Salmi
CONCLUSION: The study demonstrated considerable inter-observer variation in certain surgically important structures. This would indicate the significance for consultation when evaluating sinus CT scans of CRS patients for planned advanced sinus surgery. OBJECTIVES: After the failure of medical treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), the need for surgery and the pre-operative planning of safe surgery is based on computed tomography (CT) findings. The aim of this prospective study was to compare inter-observer agreement of anatomical and surgical structures of sinus CT scans...
December 16, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973673/prevalence-and-causes-of-attrition-among-surgical-residents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zeyad Khoushhal, Mohamad A Hussain, Elisa Greco, Muhammad Mamdani, Subodh Verma, Ori Rotstein, Andrea C Tricco, Mohammed Al-Omran
Importance: Attrition of residents from general surgery training programs is relatively high; however, there are wide discrepancies in the prevalence and causes of attrition reported among surgical residents in previous studies. Objective: To summarize the estimate of attrition prevalence among general surgery residents. Data Sources: We searched the Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases (January 1, 1946, to October 22, 2015) for studies reporting on the prevalence and causes of attrition in surgical residents, as well as the characteristics and destinations of residents who left general surgery training programs...
December 14, 2016: JAMA Surgery
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