Read by QxMD icon Read

Peritoneal fibrosis

Jing Xue, Qinglan Zhao, Vishal Sharma, Linh P Nguyen, Yvonne N Lee, Kim L Pham, Mouad Edderkaoui, Stephen J Pandol, Walter Park, Aida Habtezion
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cigarette smoke has been identified as an independent risk factor for chronic pancreatitis (CP). Little is known about the mechanisms by which smoking promotes development of CP. We assessed the effects of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligands found in cigarette smoke on immune cell activation in humans and pancreatic fibrosis in animal models of CP. METHODS: We obtained serum samples from patients with CP treated at Stanford University hospital and healthy individuals (controls) and isolated CD4+ T cells; levels of interleukin-22 (IL22) were measured by ELISA and smoking histories were collected...
October 18, 2016: Gastroenterology
Maurizio Koch
Microbes are mostly important for the digestion of food, the absorption of some micronutrients, and the production of vitamins. The microbiota stimulates lymphoid structures in the gastrointestinal mucosa and decrease pathogens by competing for nutrients and space. Bacterial translocation is defined as the escape of gut bacteria and their products through the intestinal mucosa to the outside of the intestine as portovenous or systemic circulation. This is induced by a leaky gut barrier. There is evidence for a role of intestinal permeability in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Jin Zhang, Linfeng Zheng, Xiangning Yuan, Chunyan Liu, Qiongjing Yuan, Feifei Xie, Sisi Qiu, Zhangzhe Peng, Yiting Tang, Jie Meng, Jiao Qin, Gaoyun Hu, Lijian Tao
Mefunidone is a new pyridone agent that attenuates renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis. However, the signaling pathways involved in the effect of mefunidone on renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis have not been well explained. Inflammatory response initiates and promotes renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and the inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase beta (IKKβ) is a master regulator of inflammation. This study is determined to clarify the influence of mefunidone on renal inflammation and the phosphorylation of IKKβ...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Soon-Youn Choi, Hye-Myung Ryu, Ji-Young Choi, Jang-Hee Cho, Chan-Duck Kim, Yong-Lim Kim, Sun-Hee Park
PURPOSE: High glucose stimulates peritoneal inflammation and extracellular matrix accumulation in human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs). However, the roles of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and TLR2 in high-glucose-induced inflammation and fibrosis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of high glucose on TLR2 and TLR4 expression in HPMCs and to assess their impact on peritoneal inflammatory and fibrosis markers. METHODS: Using cultured HPMCs, TLRs expression by high-glucose (50 mM) stimulation was assessed by quantitative real-time PCR...
October 8, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
F Kaya, K Kismet, H Ozer, V G Soylu, M E Duymus, Y A Akgun, A Demir, P Celepli, T Guclu, S Bolat, E Ertas
OBJECTIVES: In this study, it was aimed to investigate whether or not platelet‑rich plasma (PRP) causes intra-abdominal adhesions and therefore, whether or not PRP can be used safely in intra-abdominal operations. METHODS: Of the total of 35 animals, 5 were used as donors for the preparation of platelet‑rich plasma (PRP). The surgical procedures were performed on the remaining 30 animals. These rats were randomized and divided into 3 groups of 10. In Group 1, no adhesion induction was performed...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Guangbing Wei, Cancan Zhou, Guanghui Wang, Lin Fan, Kang Wang, Xuqi Li
Postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion is a very common complication after abdominal surgery. One clinical problem that remains to be solved is to identify an ideal strategy to prevent abdominal adhesions. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) has been proven to improve the proliferation of mesothelial cells, which may enhance fibrinolytic activity to suppress postoperative adhesions. This study investigated whether the combined administration of KGF and a sodium hyaluronate (HA) gel can prevent intra-abdominal adhesions by improving the orderly repair of the peritoneal mesothelial cells...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Manreet Padwal, Peter J Margetts
Peritoneal fibrosis is one of the major complications occurring in long-term peritoneal dialysis patients as a result of injury. Peritoneal fibrosis is characterized by submesothelial thickening and fibrosis which is associated with a decline in peritoneal membrane function. The myofibroblast has been identified as the key player involved in the development and progression of peritoneal fibrosis. Activation of the myofibroblast is correlated with expansion of the extracellular matrix and changes in peritoneal membrane integrity...
September 2016: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
William V Perks, Ravinder K Singh, Gareth W Jones, Jason P Twohig, Anwen S Williams, Ian R Humphreys, Philip R Taylor, Simon A Jones, Eddie C Yern Wang
Death receptor 3 (DR3; TNFRSF25) and its tumor necrosis factor-like ligand TL1A (TNFSF15) control several processes in inflammatory diseases through the expansion of effector T cells and the induction of proinflammatory cytokines from myeloid and innate lymphoid cells. Using wild-type (DR3(+/+)) and DR3-knockout (DR3(-/-)) mice, we show that the DR3/TL1A pathway triggers the release of multiple chemokines after acute peritoneal inflammation initiated by a single application of Staphylococcus epidermidis supernatant, correlating with the infiltration of multiple leukocyte subsets...
September 21, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Shuaishuai Shi, Yiqiang Zhang, Wenbin Wen, Yine Zhao, Lin Sun
Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritoneal fibrosis is a serious complication in patients with chronic renal failure on dialysis maintenance. Studies have shown that patients on long‑term PD have chronic inflammation. The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by inflammation is a major cause of peritoneal fibrosis and dysfunction. As a potent antioxidant property, melatonin has an antifibrotic effect. The present study investigated the effects of melatonin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced EMT and examined the molecular mechanisms in peritoneal mesothelial cells using western blotting, reverse transcription‑polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence staining...
September 16, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Sokho Kim, Ji-Young Na, Kibbeum Song, Jungkee Kwon
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) from egg yolk is a bioactive substance with various beneficial effects, including anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. Recently, this substance has been reported to prevent acute hepatotoxicity. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the putative protective effect of PC on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced nephrotoxicity in ICR mice. Many previous studies demonstrated that CCl4 induces nephrotoxicity resulting in renal oxidative damage. CCl4 in corn oil (0.1ml, 1.2g/kg) was intra-peritoneally injected into 7-week-old ICR mice twice a week...
August 26, 2016: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
Nobutoshi Horii, Daisuke Morioka, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Yoshiki Sato, Masaru Miura, Mikiko Tanabe
We describe a case of bowel strangulation caused by massive peritoneal adhesion as a result of effective chemotherapy. A 71-year-old man, who had obstructive descending colon cancer with massive peritoneal metastases and, therefore, received palliative surgery consisting of diverting colostomy and sampling of peritoneal nodules, developed bowel strangulation on day 4 of the 2nd course of chemotherapy, including irinotecan, l-leucovorin, and 5-fluorouracil. Emergent celiotomy showed a massive intraperitoneal adhesion formed around several intestinal loops, which were not observed at the prior surgery...
October 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Masaaki Nagata, Namiko Hoshi, Hayato Yoshinaka, Hideyuki Shiomi, Mamoru Takenaka, Atsuhiro Masuda, Yumi Maruyama, Ray Uchida, Takeshi Azuma, Hiromu Kutsumi
Postoperative abdominal adhesions are one of the most common post-laparotomy complications observed. Several types of adhesion preventative agents are available and their effectiveness and adverse impact have been clinically evaluated in previous studies. However, few basic studies have tested whether those agents do not trigger any unwanted xenobiotic reaction, which makes some surgeons hesitant to use them. To clarify this point, we investigated whether the adhesion preventative agent Seprafilm(®) (KAKEN PHARMACEUTICAL CO...
2016: Progress in biomaterials
Takuo Nagai, Shigehiro Doi, Ayumu Nakashima, Taisuke Irifuku, Kensuke Sasaki, Toshinori Ueno, Takao Masaki
Recent studies have reported increases of methylglyoxal (MGO) in peritoneal dialysis patients, and that MGO-mediated inflammation plays an important role in the development of peritoneal fibrosis through production of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). Linagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, exerts anti-inflammatory effects independent of blood glucose levels. In this study, we examined whether linagliptin suppresses MGO-induced peritoneal fibrosis in mice. Male C57/BL6 mice were divided into three groups: control, MGO injection plus saline, and MGO injection plus linagliptin (n = 6 per group)...
2016: PloS One
Shigehisa Aoki, Toshiaki Takezawa, Hajime Sugihara, Shuji Toda
Cell culture is a well-established standard technique and a fundamental tool in biology and medicine. Establishment of a novel culture method by meeting various challenges can sometimes open up new fields of cell biology and medicine. An artificial microenvironment for cultured cells is made up of complicated factors, including cytokines, scaffold material type, cell-cell interactions, and physical stress. To replicate the tissue architecture, cell-cell interactions, and specific physical microenvironment, we previously demonstrated the effectiveness of a three-dimensional culture system, and further established two simple culture systems: air-liquid interface (ALI) and fluid flow stress (FFS)...
October 2016: Pathology International
Vito Terlizzi, Andrea Sciarrone, Andrew C Cook, Gianni Botta, Enrico Chiappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Nazarii Kobyliak, Oleg Dynnyk, Ludovico Abenavoli
Liver biopsy due to the limitations is not recommended for all patients with suspected Alcoholic Liver Disease (ALD) but useful for establishing the stage and severity of ALD, in case of aggressive forms or severe steatohepatitis requiring specific therapies, for distinguishing comorbid liver pathology. Procedure is invasive and that's why associated with some potential adverse effects and complications which may be minor (pain or vagal reactions, transient hypotension) or major such as visceral perforation, bile peritonitis or significant bleeding...
2016: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Bo Gao, Kristina Lindemann, Lyndal Anderson, Sian Fereday, Jillian Hung, Kathryn Alsop, Richard W Tothill, Val Gebski, Catherine Kennedy, Rosemary L Balleine, Paul R Harnett, David D L Bowtell, Anna DeFazio
OBJECTIVE: Primary peritoneal cancer is rare and considered equivalent to stage III/IV ovarian cancer, but questions remain concerning its underlying biology, prognosis and optimal management. METHODS: Clinico-pathological and treatment details of primary peritoneal (n=120) and ovarian cancer (n=635) were obtained on women recruited to the Australian Ovarian Cancer Study. Log-rank test was used to compare survival and cox proportional hazards models were fitted to obtain hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals, both unadjusted and adjusted for age, grade, FIGO stage, residual disease and treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
September 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Sun Hwan Bae, Se Jin Park, Wan Seop Kim, Min Woo Lee, Ji Soo Kim
Pediatric mesenteric panniculitis is an extremely rare disease of unknown etiology characterized by chronic inflammation, fat necrosis, and fibrosis in the mesenteric adipose tissue. A previously healthy 13-year-old boy was admitted because of right upper abdominal pain. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed increased attenuation and enhancement in the left upper abdominal omental fat and anterior peritoneal wall thickening. A laparoscopic biopsy showed mesenteric panniculitis with chronic inflammation, adiponecrosis, and septal fibrosis...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Anne-Catherine Raby, Chantal S Colmont, Ann Kift-Morgan, Jörg Köhl, Matthias Eberl, Donald Fraser, Nicholas Topley, Mario O Labéta
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) remains limited by dialysis failure due to peritoneal membrane fibrosis driven by inflammation caused by infections or sterile cellular stress. Given the fundamental role of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and complement in inflammation, we assessed the potential of peritoneal TLR2, TLR4 and C5a receptors, C5aR and C5L2, as therapeutic targets in PD-associated fibrosis. We detected TLR2-, TLR4-, and C5aR-mediated proinflammatory and fibrotic responses to bacteria that were consistent with the expression of these receptors in peritoneal macrophages (TLR2/4, C5aR) and mesothelial cells (TLR2, C5aR)...
July 18, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Jin-mo Tang, Hui-qing Liang, Hong-guo Wang, Man-ting Lin, Li-min Zhang, Shao-dong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy of Zaozhu Yinchen Recipe (ZZYCR) on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients, and to explore its effect on serum free fatty acid (FFA) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). METHODS: Totally 120 patients with NASH were randomly assigned to the treatment group (60 cases, treated with ZZYCR, one dose per day) and the control group (60 cases, treated with Silibin Meglumine Tablets, 20 mg each time, thrice per day). The therapeutic course for all was 24 weeks...
May 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"