keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Outcomes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692001/all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-population-based-study
#1
Ju Ann Tan, Hyon K Choi, Hui Xie, Eric C Sayre, John M Esdaile, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta
OBJECTIVE: To investigate all-cause and cause-specific mortality in patients with newly diagnosed granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) between two calendar time periods, 1997-2004 and 2005-2012. METHODS: Using an administrative health database, we compared all incident cases of GPA to non-GPA controls matched based on sex, age and entry time. Study cohorts were divided into two sub-groups based on the year of diagnosis (i.e., early cohort 1997-2004 and late cohort 2005-2012)...
April 25, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691998/a-novel-method-to-combine-assessment-of-benefit-and-harm-omeract-3x3-methodology-applied-to-two-active-comparator-trials
#2
Maarten Boers, Jasvinder A Singh, Stacey S Cofield, S Louis Bridges, Larry W Moreland, James R O'Dell, Hongsheng Wu, Sarah Leatherman, Jeffrey R Curtis
INTRODUCTION: The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) '3x3' method analyzes the occurrence of benefit and harm simultaneously at the individual patient level. We applied this method to two recent rheumatoid arthritis (RA) trial datasets. METHODS: Treatment of Early Aggressive RA (TEAR) and the RA Comparison of Active Therapies (RACAT) randomized trial outcomes for safety were defined according to OMERACT as no events, non-serious events, and serious events...
April 25, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691983/worddriver-1-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-an-app-supported-decoding-intervention-for-children-with-reading-impairment
#3
Antonette Seiler, Suze Leitão, Mara Blosfelds
BACKGROUND: Fluent word reading is a key characteristic of skilled reading, yet most children with reading disorders have impaired word-reading skills. Previous research has demonstrated that multi-component interventions targeting phonemic awareness and the alphabetic principle are effective for children with reading disorders. However, about 25% of children fail to respond to these interventions. While it has been difficult to isolate the active ingredient, the findings of some studies suggest that tasks targeting phonological recoding and orthographic processing are essential elements in improving decoding...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691976/time-together-a-nursing-intervention-in-psychiatric-inpatient-care-feasibility-and-effects
#4
Jenny Molin, Britt-Marie Lindgren, Ulla Hällgren Graneheim, Anders Ringnér
The facilitation of quality time between patients and staff in psychiatric inpatient care is useful to promote recovery and reduce stress experienced by staff. However, interventions are reported to be complex to implement and are poorly described in the literature. This multisite study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effects of the nursing intervention Time Together, using mixed methods. Data consisted of notes from participant observations and logs to evaluate feasibility, and questionnaires to evaluate effects...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691974/aboriginal-experiences-of-cancer-and-care-coordination-lessons-from-the-cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-narratives
#5
Rachel Reilly, Jasmine Micklem, Paul Yerrell, David Banham, Kim Morey, Janet Stajic, Marion Eckert, Monica Lawrence, Harold B Stewart, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people with cancer experience worse outcomes than other Australians for a range of complex and interrelated reasons. A younger age at diagnosis, higher likelihood of more advanced cancer or cancer type with poorer prognosis, geographic isolation and cultural and language diversity mean that patient pathways are potentially more complex for Aboriginal people with cancer. In addition, variation in the quality and acceptability of care may influence cancer outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691971/hydroxychloroquine-may-be-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-coronary-artery-diseases-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Yao-Min Hung, Yu-Hsun Wang, Lichi Lin, Paul Yung Pou Wang, Jeng-Yuan Chiou, James Cheng-Chung Wei
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) usage is associated with incidental risk of coronary artery diseases (CAD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The Longitudinal Health Insurance Database in Taiwan was used. The study cohort comprised of 1104 newly diagnosed RA patients between 2001-2010, and patients were followed until 31 December 2011. Patients with history of CAD before RA diagnosis were excluded...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691964/transition-to-adult-diabetes-care-in-germany-high-risk-for-acute-complications-and-declining-metabolic-control-during-the-transition-phase
#7
T M Kapellen, S Müther, A Schwandt, J Grulich-Henn, B Schenk, K O Schwab, W Marg, R W Holl
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that transition from pediatric to adult health care is frequently associated with deterioration of health in youths with type 1 diabetes (T1D). The aim of this study was to compare metabolic control, acute complications and microvascular complications in adolescents and young adults before and after transfer to an adult treatment center with respect to the time between first visit in the adult center and last visit in pediatric treatment. METHODS: All data were collected during routine care and retrieved from the German/Austrian DPV database...
April 25, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691960/genexpert-mtb-rif-for-rapid-diagnosis-and-rifampin-resistance-detection-of-endobronchial-tuberculosis
#8
Qin Zhang, Qing Zhang, Bing-Qi Sun, Chang Liu, An-Na Su, Xiao-Han Wang, Na Liu, Juan Zhang, Jian Kang, Gang Hou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Delayed diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) contribute to poor outcomes, especially for endobronchial TB (EBTB), which typically leads to tracheobronchial stenosis. Finding rapid and accurate diagnostic tools for EBTB is crucial. GeneXpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)/rifampin (RIF) was recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a standard molecular biological diagnostic technique for MTB. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of GeneXpert MTB/RIF for diagnosing EBTB and for evaluating RIF resistance...
April 24, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691959/the-relationship-between-social-support-treatment-interruption-and-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-china-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Jia Yin, Xiaomeng Wang, Lin Zhou, Xiaolin Wei
OBJECTIVE: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has been a major threat for successful TB control. We examined the relationship between social support and treatment outcomes in MDR-TB patients and evaluated barriers to social support. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study with MDR-TB patients enrolled in the Global Fund program between 1 January 2009 and 30 June 2014 in Zhejiang, China. We reviewed all MDR-TB patients' diagnoses and treatment outcomes. In-depth interviews were conducted with 10 community health workers and 10 patients...
April 24, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691957/very-long-term-outcome-of-schizophrenia
#10
REVIEW
Jan Volavka, Jan Vevera
PURPOSE: The principal aim is to review recent data concerning the very long-term outcome of schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. We examine factors that influence outcome, including therapeutic interventions. METHOD: PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for papers published between 2008 and 2017 reporting on prospective studies of schizophrenia or schizophrenia spectrum with a follow-up period ≥5 years with adequate outcome information. Additional publications were found in reference lists and authors' reference libraries...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691955/pharmacist-led-discharge-medication-counselling-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Aline F Bonetti, Wálleri C Reis, Natália Fracaro Lombardi, Antonio M Mendes, Harli Pasquini Netto, Inajara Rotta, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Roberto Pontarolo
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Discharge medication counselling has produced improved quality of care and health outcomes, especially by reducing medication errors and readmission rates, and improving medication adherence. However, no studies have assembled an evidence-based discharge counselling process for clinical pharmacists. Thus, the present study aims to map the components of the pharmacist-led discharge medication counselling process. METHODS: We performed a scoping review by searching electronic databases (Pubmed, Scopus, and DOAJ) and conducting a manual search to identify studies published up to July 2017...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691950/adapting-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-at-university-teaching-hospitals-a-model-for-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#12
Yasser S Amer, Hayfaa A Wahabi, Manal M Abou Elkheir, Ghada A Bawazeer, Shaikh M Iqbal, Maher A Titi, Aishah Ekhzaimy, Khalid A Alswat, Rasmieh A Alzeidan, Lubna A Al-Ansary
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are significant tools for evidence-based health care quality improvement. The CPG program at King Saud University was launched as a quality improvement program to fulfil the international accreditation standards. This program was a collaboration between the Research Chair for Evidence-Based Healthcare and Knowledge Translation and the Quality Management Department. This study aims to develop a fast-track method for adaptation of evidence-based CPGs and describe results of the program...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691947/using-bivariate-latent-basis-growth-curve-analysis-to-better-understand-treatment-outcome-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Catherine E Byrne, Joseph A Wonderlich, Timothy Curby, Sarah Fischer, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relation between eating-related obsessionality and weight restoration utilizing bivariate latent basis growth curve modelling. Eating-related obsessionality is a moderator of treatment outcome for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). This study examined the degree to which the rate of change in eating-related obsessionality was associated with the rate of change in weight over time in family-based treatment (FBT) and individual therapy for AN. METHOD: Data were drawn from a 2-site randomized controlled trial that compared FBT and adolescent focused therapy for AN...
April 25, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691946/the-goal-priority-network-as-a-neural-substrate-of-conscientiousness
#14
Amanda R Rueter, Samantha V Abram, Angus W MacDonald, Aldo Rustichini, Colin G DeYoung
Conscientiousness is a personality trait associated with many important life outcomes, but little is known about the mechanisms that underlie it. We investigated its neural correlates using functional connectivity analysis in fMRI, which identifies brain regions that act in synchrony. We tested the hypothesis that a broad network resembling a combination of the salience and ventral attention networks, which we provisionally label the goal priority network (GPN), is a neural correlate of Conscientiousness. Self- and peer-ratings of Conscientiousness were collected in a community sample of adults who underwent a resting-state fMRI scan (N = 218)...
April 24, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691937/testing-associations-between-cannabis-use-and-subcortical-volumes-in-two-large-population-based-samples
#15
Nathan A Gillespie, Michael C Neale, Timothy C Bates, Lisa T Eyler, Christine Fennema-Notestine, Jasmin Vassileva, Michael J Lyons, Elizabeth C Prom-Wormley, Katie L McMahon, Paul M Thompson, Greig de Zubicaray, Ian B Hickie, John J McGrath, Lachlan T Strike, Miguel E Rentería, Matthew S Panizzon, Nicholas G Martin, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Margaret J Wright
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Disentangling the putative impact of cannabis on brain morphology from other comorbid substance use is critical. After controlling for the effects of nicotine, alcohol and multi-substance use, this study aimed to determine whether frequent cannabis use is associated with significantly smaller subcortical grey matter volumes. DESIGN: Exploratory analyses using mixed linear models, one per region of interest (ROI), were performed whereby individual differences in volume (outcome) at seven subcortical ROIs were regressed onto cannabis and comorbid substance use (predictors)...
April 24, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691929/optical-dampening-of-the-refractive-error-to-axial-length-ratio-implications-for-outcome-measures-in-myopia-control-studies
#16
Fiona E Cruickshank, Nicola S Logan
PURPOSE: To gauge the extent to which differences in the refractive error axial length relationship predicted by geometrical optics are observed in actual refractive/biometric data. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of existing data. Right eye refractive error [RX] and axial length [AXL] data were collected on 343 6-to-7-year-old children [mean 7.18 years (S.D. 0.35)], 294 12-to-13-year-old children [mean 13.12 years (S.D. 0.32)] and 123 young adults aged 18-to-25-years [mean 20...
May 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691885/competence-and-frequency-of-provision-of-spiritual-care-by-nurses-in-the-netherlands
#17
Annemieke Vogel, Annemiek E Schep-Akkerman
BACKGROUND: Spiritual care to patients is important for their well-being, and nurses do have a crucial role in it. Previous research focused on self-assessed competence in providing spiritual care, but little is known about the actual provision. The aims of this study were as follows: (i) to evaluate how often nurses provide spiritual care, (ii) if or which association there is between self-assessed competency and provision of spiritual care, and (iii) to study which factors do have influence on delivering spiritual care...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691880/early-postnatal-growth-and-neurodevelopment-in-children-born-moderately-preterm-or-small-for-gestational-age-at-term-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Marion Taine, Marie-Aline Charles, Jacques Beltrand, Jean Christophe Rozé, Juliane Léger, Jérémie Botton, Barbara Heude
BACKGROUND: Clinicians' interest in the long-term effects of early postnatal growth (EPG) is growing. There is compelling evidence linking rapid EPG with later cardiovascular risk, but its neurodevelopmental benefits still remain hypothetical in individuals born moderately preterm (MP) or small for gestational at term (SGAT). METHODS: The objective was to perform a systematic review of the relationship between EPG before age 3 years and neurodevelopmental outcome for individuals born MP (32-36 weeks' gestational age) or SGAT...
April 25, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691871/a-theoretical-model-of-resilience-capacity-drawn-from-the-words-of-adult-children-of-alcoholics
#19
Sihyun Park, Karen G Schepp
BACKGROUND: Resilience can be defined as exhibiting positive outcomes after serious threats to one's adaptation or development. AIMS: This study aimed to suggest a theoretical model of resilience capacity by validating and extending one of the existing nursing theories of resilience-the society-to-cell model developed by Szanton and Gill. To do so, we conducted a qualitative study exploring the factors and conditions influencing adaptation in children of alcoholics (i...
April 25, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691870/conceptualizing-the-mentoring-relationship-an-appraisal-of-evidence
#20
Regina Hale
This paper appraises the conceptual development of mentoring in nursing and highlights the need for further research on mentoring that focuses on conceptual clarification and theoretical discovery. Despite an abundance of published articles on mentoring, a paucity of research studies on nurse-to-nurse mentoring exists. Nursing literature abounds with descriptive terminology about mentoring rather than explanatory research. Descriptive terminology does little to develop the concept of mentoring, leaving one to ponder how to implement mentoring relationships in nursing...
April 25, 2018: Nursing Forum
keyword
keyword
6495
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"