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Pathological gambling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134496/an-analysis-of-treatment-seeking-behavior-in-individuals-with-gambling-disorder
#1
Michael D Harries, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Gambling disorder affects approximately 1.1-3.5% of the population, with the rates being higher in young adults. Despite this high prevalence, little is known regarding which pathological gamblers decide to seek treatment. This study sought to examine the differences in three groups of pathological gamblers: those who did not seek treatment (n = 94), those who sought therapy (n = 106) and those who sought medication therapy (n = 680). All subjects were assessed on a variety of measures including demographics, family history, gambling history, comorbid psychiatric disorders and an assortment of clinical variables such as the Quality of Life Inventory, Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Rating Scales, Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for Pathologic Gambling (PG-YBOCS), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Eysenck Impulsiveness Questionnaire and select cognitive tasks...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110644/the-protective-role-of-religiosity-against-problem-gambling-findings-from-a-five-year-prospective-study
#2
Seema Mutti-Packer, David C Hodgins, Robert J Williams, Barna Konkolÿ Thege
BACKGROUND: Little research has examined the potential protective influence of religiosity against problem gambling; a common addictive behavior, and one with a host of associated negative health and social outcomes. The aims of this study were to examine (1) the potential longitudinal association between religiosity and problem gambling among adults and (2) the potential moderating role of gender on this association. METHODS: Data were from five waves of the Quinte Longitudinal Study (QLS), between 2006 and 2010...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105942/the-prevalence-incidence-and-gender-and-age-specific-incidence-of-problem-gambling-results-of-the-swedish-longitudinal-gambling-study-swelogs
#3
Max Abbott, Ulla Romild, Rachel Volberg
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence, incidence, and gender and age-specific incidence of problem gambling in the Swedish adult population. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study with linkage to register data. SETTING: Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Stratified random sample aged 16-84 at baseline (n = 8,165) re-assessed a year later (n = 6,021). MEASUREMENTS: Problem gambling (lifetime and past 12 months) was measured by the South Oaks Gambling Screen-Revised (SOGS-R)...
November 4, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098673/biochemical-diagnosis-in-substance-and-non-substance-addiction
#4
Wenwen Shen, Huifeng Liu, Xiaohu Xie, Haixiong Liu, Wenhua Zhou
An optimal biochemical marker for addiction would be some easily traced molecules in body specimens, which indicates indulgent addictive behaviors, or susceptibility to certain addictive stimuli. In this chapter, we discussed existing literature about possible biomarkers, and classified them into three categories: origin forms and metabolites of substances, markers from biochemical responses to certain addiction, and genetic and epigenetic biomarkers suggesting susceptibility to addiction. In every category, we examined studies concerning certain type of addiction one by one, with focuses mainly on opiates, psychostimulants, and pathological gambling...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098672/similarities-and-differences-in-diagnostic-scales
#5
Bin Xuan, Peng Li, Liping Yang, Mingzhu Li, Jing Zhou
A scale plays an important role as a diagnostic tool in discriminating between addicts and non-addicts. At the beginning of this chapter, we have briefly introduced the development of substance and non-substance addiction scales, which not only include alcohol addiction, nicotine addiction and pathological gambling, but also the disputed exercise and sex addiction. While it was found that almost all addiction scales contain items relating to social impairment, preoccupation, withdrawal, and tolerance, the variability is more pronounced with non-substance addiction scales...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098669/similarities-and-differences-in-neuroimaging
#6
Yan-Kun Sun, Yan Sun, Xiao Lin, Lin Lu, Jie Shi
Addiction is a chronically relapsing disease characterized by drug intoxication, craving, bingeing, and withdrawal with loss of control. An increasing number of studies have indicated that non-substance addiction, like internet addiction and pathological gambling, share clinical, phenomenological, and biological features with substance addiction. With the development of imaging technology in the past three decades, neuroimaging studies have provided information on the neurobiological effects, and revealed neurochemical and functional changes in the brains of both drug-addicted and non-substance addicted subjects...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098668/similarities-and-differences-in-genetics
#7
Yang Zhang, Yan Sun, Jie Liang, Lin Lu, Jie Shi
Similar symptomatology manifestations and high co-morbidity in substance and non-substance addictions suggest that there may be a common pathogenesis between them. Associated with impulse control and emotional processing, the monoamine neurotransmitter system genes are suggested to be related to both substance and non-substance addictions, such as dopamine (DA) system, 5-hydroxytryptamine/serotonin (5-HT) system, the endogenous opioid system and so on. Here we reviewed the similarities and differences in genetics between classic substance addiction and common types of non-substance addiction, e...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098666/definition-of-substance-and-non-substance-addiction
#8
Zhiling Zou, Huijun Wang, Federico d'Oleire Uquillas, Xiaomei Wang, Jianrui Ding, Hong Chen
Substance addiction (or drug addiction) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by a recurring desire to continue taking the drug despite harmful consequences. Non-substance addiction (or behavioral addiction) covers pathological gambling, food addiction, internet addiction, and mobile phone addiction. Their definition is similar to drug addiction but they differ from each other in specific domains. This review aims to provide a brief overview of past and current definitions of substance and non-substance addiction, and also touches on the topic of diagnosing drug addiction and non-drug addiction, ultimately aiming to further the understanding of the key concepts needed for a foundation to study the biological and psychological underpinnings of addiction disorders...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094622/long-term-effects-of-internet-supported-cognitive-behaviour-therapy
#9
Gerhard Andersson, Alexander Rozental, Roz Shafran, Per Carlbring
Internet-supported and therapist-guided cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) is effective for a range of problems in the short run, but less is known about the long-term effects with follow-ups of two years or longer. Areas covered: This paper reviews studies in which the long-term effects of guided ICBT were investigated. Following literature searches in PubMed and other sources meta-analytic statistics were calculated for 14 studies involving a total of 902 participants, and an average follow-up period of three years...
November 2, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091825/stress-moderates-the-relationships-between-problem-gambling-severity-and-specific-psychopathologies
#10
Silvia Ronzitti, Shane W Kraus, Rani A Hoff, Marc N Potenza
The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which stress moderated the relationships between problem-gambling severity and psychopathologies. We analyzed Wave-1 data from 41,869 participants of the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Logistic regression showed that as compared to a non-gambling (NG) group, individuals at-risk gambling (ARG) and problem gambling (PPG) demonstrated higher odds of multiple Axis-I and Axis-II disorders in both high- and low-stress groups...
October 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080669/personality-biomarkers-of-pathological-gambling-a-machine-learning-study
#11
Antonio Cerasa, Danilo Lofaro, Paolo Cavedini, Iolanda Martino, Antonella Bruni, Alessia Sarica, Domenico Mauro, Giuseppe Merante, Ilaria Rossomanno, Maria Rizzuto, Antonio Palmacci, Benedetta Aquino, Pasquale De Fazio, Giampaolo R Perna, Elena Vanni, Giuseppe Olivadese, Domenico Conforti, Gennarina Arabia, Aldo Quattrone
BACKGROUND: The application of artificial intelligence to extract predictors of Gambling disorder (GD) is a new field of study. A plethora of studies have suggested that maladaptive personality dispositions may serve as risk factors for GD. NEW METHOD: Here, we used Classification and Regression Trees algorithm to identify multivariate predictive patterns of personality profiles that could identify GD patients from healthy controls at an individual level. Forty psychiatric patients, recruited from specialized gambling clinics, without any additional comorbidity and 160 matched healthy controls completed the Five-Factor model of personality as measured by the NEO-PI-R, which were used to build the classification model...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077650/safety-and-efficacy-of-theta-burst-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Fady Rachid
Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) is a form of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and is thought to induce more rapid and longer-lasting effects on synaptic plasticity than conventional repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation protocols. TBS is being used as an investigational and more recently as a therapeutic tool. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss the studies that have evaluated the safety and efficacy of this technique in the treatment of various psychiatric disorders such as depression, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Tourette's disorder, nicotine and cocaine addiction, and pathological gambling...
November 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076354/how-do-online-sports-gambling-disorder-patients-compare-with-land-based-patients
#13
Ana Estévez, Raquel Rodríguez, Noelia Díaz, Roser Granero, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Marta Baño, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Hibai López-González, Paula Jauregui, Jaione Onaindia, Virginia Martín-Romera, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Background and aims Recent technological developments have brought about notable changes in the way people gamble. The widespread use of mobile Internet devices and gambling websites has led to a significant leap in the number of people who recreationally gamble. However, for some, gambling can turn into a psychiatric disorder resembling substance addiction. At present, there is a shortage of studies examining differences between adults with gambling disorder (GD) who exclusively make sports bets online, GD patients that are non-sports Internet gamblers, and offline gamblers...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068825/the-economic-burden-of-pathological-gambling-and-co-occurring-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#14
Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Evelyn Brand, Rachel Volberg
OBJECTIVES: Disordered gambling often co-occurs with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The study aim was to assess the healthcare costs of pathological gambling (PG) and co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders by payer. This is the first-of-its-kind economic analysis of addictive behaviors and mental health disorders. METHODS: Study data were derived from the Massachusetts All-Payer Claims Data-a representative health claims database-for the period 2009 to 2013...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058167/a-meta-analytical-synthesis-and-examination-of-pathological-and-problem-gambling-rates-and-associated-moderators-among-college-students-1987-2016
#15
Donald E Nowak
The problem of gambling addiction is especially noteworthy among college students, many of whom have the resources, proximity, free time, and desire to become involved in the myriad options of gambling now available. Although limited attention has been paid specifically to college student gambling in the body of literature, there have been three published meta-analyses estimating the prevalence of probable pathological gambling among college students. The research presented is the largest and most comprehensive, presenting an up-to-date proportion of those students worldwide exhibiting gambling pathology as assessed by the South Oaks Gambling Screen, and is the first to include estimates of sub-clinical problem gambling...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048318/psychometric-properties-of-a-brief-on-line-screening-instrument-to-detect-at-risk-gamblers
#16
Mónica Bernaldo-de-Quirós, Francisco J Labrador, Francisco Estupiñá, Ignacio Fernández-Arias, Gloria García-Fernández, Marta Labrador-Méndez
BACKGROUND: Gambling facilitates the development of psychopathological problems in some gamblers. Rapid and easy detection of the presence of these problems, or the risk of their development, will allow early action at the beginning of the problem, including preventive action. For this purpose, we developed the “Sistema de Cribado de Riesgo de Problemas de Juegos” (SCRI-PJ [Risk of Gambling Problems Screening System]), an on-line instrument for the detection of people who have, or may develop, gambling problems...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038946/cognitive-and-behavioral-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-update-ii-behavioral-disorders
#17
Luigi Trojano, Costanza Papagno
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) can experience several behavioral symptoms, such as apathy, agitation, hypersexuality, stereotypic movements, pathological gambling, abuse of antiparkinsonian drugs, and REM sleep behavioral disorders. Psychoses and hallucinations, depression and anxiety disorders, and difficulties in recognizing and experiencing emotions also impair behavior and can cause severe psychosocial problems in patients with PD. Symptoms can be present since early stages of the disease, sometimes even before the appearance of classical motor symptoms, likely in relation to dopamine depletion in basal ganglia and/or to dysfunctions of other neurotrasmitter systems, and others can develop later, in some cases in relation to dopaminergic treatment...
October 16, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032922/serotonin-transporter-density-in-binge-eating-disorder-and-pathological-gambling-a-pet-study-with-11-c-madam
#18
Joonas Majuri, Juho Joutsa, Jarkko Johansson, Valerie Voon, Riitta Parkkola, Hannu Alho, Eveliina Arponen, Valtteri Kaasinen
Behavioral addictions, such as pathological gambling (PG) and binge eating disorder (BED), appear to be associated with specific changes in brain dopamine and opioid function, but the role of other neurotransmitter systems is less clear. Given the crucial role of serotonin in a number of psychiatric disorders, we aimed to compare brain serotonergic function among individuals with BED, PG and healthy controls. Seven BED patients, 13 PG patients and 16 healthy controls were scanned with high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET) using the serotonin transporter (SERT) tracer [(11)C]MADAM...
October 9, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983886/opioid-receptor-antagonists-in-the-treatment-of-pathological-gambling
#19
Maurizio Coppola, Raffaella Mondola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981514/a-unifying-bayesian-account-of-contextual-effects-in-value-based-choice
#20
Francesco Rigoli, Christoph Mathys, Karl J Friston, Raymond J Dolan
Empirical evidence suggests the incentive value of an option is affected by other options available during choice and by options presented in the past. These contextual effects are hard to reconcile with classical theories and have inspired accounts where contextual influences play a crucial role. However, each account only addresses one or the other of the empirical findings and a unifying perspective has been elusive. Here, we offer a unifying theory of context effects on incentive value attribution and choice based on normative Bayesian principles...
October 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
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