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Pathological gambling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901518/life-events-substance-use-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-male-and-female-french-gamblers
#1
Ce Line Bonnaire, Vivianne Kovess, Romain Guignard, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Enguerrand Du-Roscoat, Franc Ois Beck
BACKGROUND: Most studies on substance use, psychological distress, quality of life (QoL), and life events among gamblers are carried out on pathological gamblers seeking treatment, and sex differences are rarely investigated. The aim of this study was to explore the potential male-female differences in the relationship between these variables in a nationally representative French sample. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-two problem gamblers (PGs) and 25,314 non-problem gamblers or non-gamblers (NPGs) were evaluated for sociodemographic variables, gambling behavior, substance use, QoL, and life events...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882998/dopamine-and-opioid-neurotransmission-in-behavioral-addictions-a-comparative-pet-study-in-pathological-gambling-and-binge-eating
#2
Joonas Majuri, Juho Joutsa, Jarkko Johansson, Valerie Voon, Kati Alakurtti, Riitta Parkkola, Tuuli Lahti, Hannu Alho, Jussi Hirvonen, Eveliina Arponen, Sarita Forsback, Valtteri Kaasinen
Although behavioral addictions share many clinical features with drug addictions, they show strikingly large variation in their behavioral phenotypes (such as in uncontrollable gambling or eating). Neurotransmitter function in behavioral addictions is poorly understood but has important implications in understanding its relationship with substance use disorders and underlying mechanisms of therapeutic efficacy. Here, we compare opioid and dopamine function between two behavioral addiction phenotypes: pathological gambling (PG) and binge eating disorder (BED)...
November 24, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857171/strong-interactions-between-learned-helplessness-and-risky-decision-making-in-a-rat-gambling-model
#3
José N Nobrega, Parisa S Hedayatmofidi, Daniela S Lobo
Risky decision-making is characteristic of depression and of addictive disorders, including pathological gambling. However it is not clear whether a propensity to risky choices predisposes to depressive symptoms or whether the converse is the case. Here we tested the hypothesis that rats showing risky decision-making in a rat gambling task (rGT) would be more prone to depressive-like behaviour in the learned helplessness (LH) model. Results showed that baseline rGT choice behaviour did not predict escape deficits in the LH protocol...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832520/barriers-in-access-to-the-treatment-for-people-with-gambling-disorders-are-they-different-from-those-experienced-by-people-with-alcohol-and-or-drug-dependence
#4
Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Jacek Moskalewicz, Łukasz Wieczorek
A prevalence of gambling disorders is diversified depending on the region of the world. Almost three quarters of pathological gamblers had never sought a professional treatment as well as an assistance in self-help groups. Reasons why they do not initiate a treatment are complex. The aim of the article is to compare barriers to the treatment for people with gambling disorders found in presented study and barriers to alcohol and drug treatment identified in the available literature. The semi structured interviews were applied and conducted with people with gambling disorders, social workers, therapists employed in the addiction treatment facilities, General Practitioners and psychiatrists...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831627/-pathological-gambling-and-epilepsy-in-patients-with-frontotemporal-dementia-two-case-reports
#5
Sheila Castro-Suarez, Peggy Martinez, María Meza
Frontotemporal dementia is a neurodegenerative disorder of which the behavioral variant is most common. This condition is currently considered the most common cause of dementia in people younger than 60 years. Here, we present two unrelated cases in which the typical symptoms were cognitive and behavioral progressive deterioration and psychiatric disorders such as disinhibition, impulsive acts, apathy, lack of empathy, stereotypies, and changes in eating habits. The first case exhibited pathological gambling as the initial symptom and resided in a psychiatric facility for a year...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828667/development-and-validation-of-the-gambling-follow-up-scale-self-report-version-an-outcome-measure-in-the-treatment-of-pathological-gambling
#6
Ana M Galetti, Hermano Tavares
Objective: To validate the Gambling Follow-up Scale, Self-Report version (GFS-SR), a 10-item scale designed to assess gambling frequency, time and money spent on gambling, gambling craving, debts, emotional distress, family relationships, autonomy, and frequency of and satisfaction with leisure activities in individuals diagnosed with gambling disorder according to the DSM-5 criteria. Methods: One hundred and twenty treatment-seeking gamblers were evaluated, 84 of whom proceeded to treatment...
November 7, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826730/sub-clinical-alcohol-consumption-and-gambling-disorder
#7
Michael D Harries, Sarah A Redden, Eric W Leppink, Samuel R Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
While it is well established that gambling disorder is associated with alcohol use disorder, less is known regarding whether sub-clinical alcohol consumption increases gambling behavior. This study examined the effects of varying levels of alcohol consumption on clinical and cognitive measures. The sample consisted of 572 non-treatment seeking gamblers age 18-29 who were divided into three groups: non-current drinkers, current drinkers who did not qualify for an alcohol use disorder, and those with an alcohol use disorder (AUD)...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803304/relationship-of-bone-erosion-with-the-urate-and-soft-tissue-components-of-the-tophus-in-gout-a-dual-energy-computed-tomography-study
#8
Mark Sapsford, Gregory D Gamble, Opetaia Aati, Julie Knight, Anne Horne, Anthony J Doyle, Nicola Dalbeth
OBJECTIVES: Imaging and pathology studies have established a close relationship between tophus and bone erosion in gout. The tophus is an organized structure consisting of urate crystals and chronic inflammatory tissue. The aim of this work was to examine the relationship between bone erosion and each component of the tophus. METHODS: Plain radiographs and dual energy CT scans of the feet were prospectively obtained from 92 people with tophaceous gout. The 10 MTP joints were scored for erosion score, tophus urate and soft tissue volume...
November 1, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798487/personality-disorders-and-pathological-gambling
#9
Krishna Vaddiparti, Linda B Cottler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To explore recent developments in the field of personality disorders and their association with pathological gambling or gambling disorder. The review covers literature published from 2015 to present time (August 2016) to understand the prevalence rates of common personality disorders among pathological gamblers. RECENT FINDINGS: Commonly seen personality disorders among pathological or problem gamblers represent Cluster B disorders. There are reports indicating prevalence of Clusters A and C personality disorders as well...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790159/neuronal-nicotinic-receptors-are-crucial-for-tuning-of-e-i-balance-in-prelimbic-cortex-and-for-decision-making-processes
#10
Elsa Cécile Pittaras, Alexis Faure, Xavier Leray, Elina Moraitopoulou, Arnaud Cressant, Arnaud Alexandre Rabat, Claire Meunier, Philippe Fossier, Sylvie Granon
RATIONALE: Decision-making is an essential component of our everyday life commonly disabled in a myriad of psychiatric conditions, such as bipolar and impulsive control disorders, addiction and pathological gambling, or schizophrenia. A large cerebral network encompassing the prefrontal cortex, the amygdala, and the nucleus accumbens is activated for efficient decision-making. METHODS: We developed a mouse gambling task well suited to investigate the influence of uncertainty and risk in decision-making and the role of neurobiological circuits and their monoaminergic inputs...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776420/using-two-web-based-addiction-stroops-to-measure-the-attentional-bias-in-adults-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#11
Franziska Jeromin, Winfrief Rief, Antonia Barke
Background and aims People with substance abuse and pathological gamblers show an attentional bias. In a laboratory setting, we found an attentional bias using an addiction Stroop in adults with Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). We aimed at investigating this effect using two web-based experiments. Methods Study 1: Gamers with IGD, casual gamers, and non-gamers (N = 81, 28.1 ± 7.8 years) completed a web-based addiction Stroop with a fully randomized word order. They saw computer-related and neutral words in four colors and indicated the word color via keypress...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774813/cognitive-distortions-and-adhd-in-pathological-gambling-a-national-longitudinal-case-control-cohort-study
#12
Lucia Romo, Cindy Legauffre, Alice Guilleux, Marc Valleur, David Magalon, Mélina Fatséas, Isabelle Chéreau-Boudet, Amandine Luquiens, Jean-Luc Vénisse, Marie Grall-Bronnec, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju
Introduction The primary outcome of our study was to assess the links between the level of cognitive distortions and the severity of gambling disorder. We also aimed at assessing the links between patient gambling trajectories and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Materials and methods The study population (n = 628) was comprised of problem and non-problem gamblers of both sexes between 18 and 65 years of age, who reported gambling on at least one occasion during the previous year. Data encompassed socio-demographic characteristics, gambling habits, the South Oaks Gambling Screen, the Gambling Attitudes and Beliefs Survey - 23, the Wender Utah Rating Scale - Child, and the Adult ADHD Self-report Scale...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766464/calorie-intake-and-gambling-is-fat-and-sugar-consumption-impulsive
#13
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Excessive calorie intake constitutes a global public health concern, due to its associated range of untoward outcomes. Gambling is commonplace and gambling disorder is now considered a behavioral addiction in DSM-5. The relationships between calorie intake, gambling, and other types of putatively addictive and impulsive behaviors have received virtually no research attention. Two-hundred twenty-five young adults who gamble were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714781/effect-of-topical-imiquimod-as-primary-treatment-for-lentigo-maligna-the-limit-1-study
#14
J R Marsden, R Fox, N M Boota, M Cook, K Wheatley, L Billingham, N Steven
BACKGROUND: Topical imiquimod is sometimes used for lentigo maligna (LM) in-situ melanoma instead of surgery, but frequency of cure is uncertain. Pathological complete regression (pCR) is a logical surrogate marker for cure after imiquimod, although residual LM and atypical melanocytic hyperplasia may not be reliably distinguished. A trial comparing imiquimod versus surgery might be justified by a high imiquimod pCR rate. OBJECTIVES: Primary: to estimate pCR rate for LM following imiquimod...
October 6, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704410/assessing-the-effects-of-cocaine-dependence-and-pathological-gambling-using-group-wise-sparse-representation-of-natural-stimulus-fmri-data
#15
Yudan Ren, Jun Fang, Jinglei Lv, Xintao Hu, Cong Christine Guo, Lei Guo, Jiansong Xu, Marc N Potenza, Tianming Liu
Assessing functional brain activation patterns in neuropsychiatric disorders such as cocaine dependence (CD) or pathological gambling (PG) under naturalistic stimuli has received rising interest in recent years. In this paper, we propose and apply a novel group-wise sparse representation framework to assess differences in neural responses to naturalistic stimuli across multiple groups of participants (healthy control, cocaine dependence, pathological gambling). Specifically, natural stimulus fMRI (N-fMRI) signals from all three groups of subjects are aggregated into a big data matrix, which is then decomposed into a common signal basis dictionary and associated weight coefficient matrices via an effective online dictionary learning and sparse coding method...
October 4, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703988/association-between-gambling-and-exposure-to-guns-among-cocaine-using-women
#16
Krishna Vaddiparti, Catherine W Striley, Linda B Cottler
The purpose of this study is to assess the association between gambling severity and exposure to guns among substance-using women recruited in the community. Data for these analyses come from the baseline phase of two community-based HIV prevention interventions conducted among alcohol and drug-using women in St. Louis, MO. Gun exposure was assessed using the Violence Exposure Questionnaire (VEQ), and DSM-IV pathological gambling (PG) symptoms and other psychiatric symptoms were assessed using the Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule; The Composite International Diagnostic Interview Substance Abuse Module assessed DSM-IV substance dependence, including cocaine dependence and alcohol dependence...
September 1, 2016: Violence and Gender
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703104/-ethical-legal-and-social-issues-elsi-in-gambling-disorder-and-its-treatment
#17
Nariakira Moriyama
Recently, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare estimated the prevalence rate of gambling disorder to be 4.8 percent of the population. This rate is outstandingly higher than other countries with prevalence rates between 0.25 and 2.0 percent. It is also estimated that no fewer than 5 million Japanese suffer from the disease. In the last two years, 100 new patients visited the author's clinic. On an average, they started gambling at the age of 19.7 years, and incurring debt at the age of 25.8 years. They first visited the clinic at an average age of 38...
October 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699525/psychological-distress-as-an-indicator-of-co-occurring-psychopathology-among-treatment-seeking-disordered-gamblers
#18
Rory A Pfund, James P Whelan, Jordan E Greenburg, Samuel C Peter, Katherine K Wilson, Andrew W Meyers
Disordered gamblers frequently present with concurrent anxiety, depressive, personality, and substance use disorders, which may complicate treatment. Although there is a need for a thorough assessment, some questionnaires may prove lengthy for clients and clinicians. Thus, there is a need for brief screens for identifying co-occurring psychopathology. The present study sought to examine whether a brief, self-report measure of psychological distress could indicate the presence of co-occurring psychopathology among an outpatient sample of disordered gamblers...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691958/retrospective-analysis-of-adult-onset-cardiac-disease-in-fran%C3%A3-ois-langurs-trachypithecus-francoisi-housed-in-u-s-zoos
#19
John A Flanders, Dana A Buoscio, Bonnie A Jacobs, Kathryn C Gamble
Cardiac disease is a common condition in captive primates, and multiple cases in François' langurs ( Trachypithecus francoisi ) were noted on review of the Species Survival Plan studbook. To determine the prevalence of cardiac disease in this species, surveys were distributed to current and previous holding institutions (n = 23) for the U.S. studbook population (n = 216). After exclusion of stillbirths (n = 48), animals less than 1 yr of age (n = 8), and animals housed internationally (n = 2), a study group (n = 158) was identified for this analysis...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658788/linking-cognitive-abilities-with-the-propensity-for-risk-taking-the-balloon-analogue-risk-task
#20
Fioravante Capone, Gianluca Capone, Giovanni Di Pino, Lucia Florio, Gianluca Oricchio, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro
There is great interest about the individual differences that influence the ability of dealing with risky decisions. In this light, an intriguing question is whether decision-making during risk is related to other cognitive abilities, especially executive functions. To investigate, in healthy subjects, the existence of a possible correlation between risk-taking and cognitive abilities, the balloon analogue risk task (BART) has been exploited to assess risk-taking propensity and the random number generation (RNG), to investigate cognitive functions...
December 2016: Neurological Sciences
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