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Pathological gambling

Rebecca Aster, Anke Quack, Martin Wejbera, Manfred E Beutel
OBJECTIVE: Despite extensive psychosocial consequences, just a small number of pathological gamblers participates in counseling or treatment. Telephone helplines should facilitate pathological gamblers' access to the health care system. There is a lack of research on the use and the effects of such facilities in Germany. The present research focuses on the question whether telephone helplines facilitate pathological gamblers' access to the health care system. METHOD: All first time calls due to a gambling problem received by the behavioral addiction helpline of the University Medical Center Mainz between 2013 and 2016 were analyzed by SPSS...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
Hyangjin Park, Suk Sun Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to develop and test a model for predicting problem gambling in speculative game users based on Blaszczynski and Nower's pathways model of problem and pathological gambling. METHODS: The participants were 262 speculative game users recruited from seven speculative gambling places located in Seoul, Gangwon, and Gyeonggi, Korea. They completed a structured self-report questionnaire comprising measures of problem gambling, negative emotions, attentional impulsivity, motor impulsivity, non-planning impulsivity, gambler's fallacy, and gambling self-efficacy...
April 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Roxana Kotter, Anja Kräplin, Andre Pittig, Gerhard Bühringer
Systematic and quantitative reviews on the effects of land-based self-exclusion are scarce. Therefore, the current review aimed to provide a comprehensive summary of (1) the demographic characteristics of land-based self-excluders and changes after exclusion, including (2) gambling behavior, (3) gambling problems, (4) mental symptoms, and (5) mental health. A systematic database and literature search was performed following PRISMA guidelines. Nineteen naturalistic studies met the eligibility criteria. The quality of all included records was rated via adaption of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Anna Pilszyk, Andrzej Silczuk, Bogusław Habrat, Janusz Heitzman
Contemporary literature does not take a clear position on the issue of determining civil and criminal liability of persons diagnosed with pathological gambling, and all the more so in case of possible comorbidity of or interference with other mental disorders. Diagnostic difficulties are demonstrated by a clinical picture of a patient with problem gambling who underwent forensic and psychiatric assessments to evaluate the process of making informed (and independent) decisions in view of numerous concluded civil law (mainly financial) agreements...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
Michael D Harries, Helen A Paglia, Sarah A Redden, Jon E-Mail Grant
BACKGROUND: Engagement in sexual activity is common among adolescents and can be considered part of adolescent development, but it carries potential life-changing consequences. METHODS: This study examined if clinical and cognitive differences existed between adolescents who engaged in voluntary sexual behavior before age 15, between ages 15 to 18, and after age 18. All participants were part of a larger study examining impulsive behavior in young adults. Participants were assessed on measures including demographics, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and clinical scales and cognitive tasks assessing impulsivity, obsessive-compulsive traits, emotion regulation, depression, anxiety, and quality of life...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
K Yu Zalmunin, V D Mendelevich
AIM: A clinical and phenomenological comparative evaluation of addictions (alcoholism, drug addiction, sexual and tobacco dependence, pathological gambling) to develop integrative methods for the assessment of comparative performance profiles of addictive disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-six patients were examined using clinical, psychometric and statistical methods. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Addiction profiles were described and addictive potentials were compared...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Raimondo Maria Pavarin, Angelo Fioritti, Silvia Marani, Daniele Gambini, Elsa Turino, Antonella Piazza
BACKGROUND: This study analyzes data related to Hospital (HOS), Public Treatment Service Dedicated to Drug Addicts (SERD), or Community Mental Health Center (CMHC) clients with a first diagnosis of Pathological Gambling (PG) in the period 2000/2016 in Northern Italy. The aims were to describe trends and characteristics of pathological gamblers (PGs) and to estimate the prevalence of other diagnoses before or after the diagnosis of PG. METHODS: Participants aged over 17 years with an ICD-9 or ICD-10 PG diagnosis were selected...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Núria Aragay, Maite Barrios, Isabel Ramirez-Gendrau, Anna Garcia-Caballero, Gemma Garrido, Irene Ramos-Grille, Yésika Galindo, Jonatan Martin-Dombrowski, Vicenç Vallès
INTRODUCTION: In gambling disorder (GD), impulsivity has been related with severity, treatment outcome and a greater dropout rate. The aim of the study is to obtain an empirical classification of GD patients based on their impulsivity and compare the resulting groups in terms of sociodemographic, clinical and gambling behavior variables. METHODS: 126 patients with slot machine GD attending the Pathological Gambling Unit between 2013 and 2016 were included. The UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale was used to assess impulsivity, and the severity of past-year gambling behavior was established with the Screen for Gambling problems questionnaire (NODS)...
March 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Anu Sirola, Markus Kaakinen, Atte Oksanen
The Internet provides an accessible context for online gambling and gambling-related online communities, such as discussion forums for gamblers. These communities may be particularly attractive to young gamblers who are active Internet users. The aim of this study was to examine the use of gambling-related online communities and their relevance to excessive gambling among 15-25-year-old Finnish Internet users (N = 1200). Excessive gambling was assessed by using the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Respondents were asked in a survey about their use of various kinds of gambling-related online communities, and sociodemographic and behavioral factors were adjusted...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Michela Balconi, Chiara Siri, Nicoletta Meucci, Gianni Pezzoli, Laura Angioletti
BACKGROUND: Pathological gambling (PG) in Parkinson's disease (PD) manifests as a persistent and uncontrollable gambling behavior, characterized by dysfunctional decision-making and emotional impairment related to high-risk decisions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between personality traits and prefrontal cortex activity in PD patients with or without PG. METHODS: Thus, hemodynamic cortical activity measured by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) and Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) performance were recorded in forty-six PD patients, divided into three groups according to their gambling status: PD patients with active gambling behavior (PDG); PD patients who remitted from PG (PDNG); and a control group (CG) composed by patients with PD only...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Michela Balconi, Laura Angioletti, Chiara Siri, Nicoletta Meucci, Gianni Pezzoli
Psychopathological components, such as reward sensitivity and impulsivity, and dopaminergic treatment are crucial characteristics related to the development of Pathological Gambling (PG) in Parkinson's Disease (PD). The aim of the present study is to investigate the differences in decision-making in PD patients with or without PG considering both neurophysiological and behavioral aspects. The IOWA Gambling Task (IGT) and electroencephalographic (EEG) activity were considered to elucidate the decision and post-feedback processes in PG...
March 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Giancarlo Cicolini, Carlo Della Pelle, Valentina Simonetti, Dania Comparcini, Gianna Sepede, Francesco Cipollone
PURPOSE: To investigate the role of psychiatric dimensions, behavioral or substance addictions and demographical variables as determinants of pathological gambling among nursing students. DESIGN: Multicenter cross-sectional study. METHODS: From June to October 2015 a survey was carried out among Italian Nursing students. Data were collected using a six-section tool. FINDINGS: Nursing students who completed the survey numbered 1083, 902 (83...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Claire L Dent, Trevor Humby, Katie Lewis, Andrew Ward, Reiner Fischer-Colbrie, Lawrence S Wilkinson, Jon F Wilkins, Anthony R Isles
Imprinted genes are expressed from one parental allele only as a consequence of epigenetic events that take place in the mammalian germ line and are thought to have evolved through intra-genomic conflict between parental alleles. We demonstrate, for the first time, oppositional effects of imprinted genes on brain and behavior. Specifically, here we show that mice lacking paternal Grb10 make fewer impulsive choices, with no dissociable effects on a separate measure of impulsive action. Taken together with previous work showing that mice lacking maternal Nesp55 make more impulsive choices this suggests that impulsive choice behavior is a substrate for the action of genomic imprinting...
March 21, 2018: Genetics
Manju George, Shreemit Maheshwari, Suhas Chandran, Suman S Rao, Manohar J Shivanand, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Addiction is the term employed not only for excess consumption of substances, but also for problem behaviours like eating disorders, pathological gambling, computer addiction and pathological preoccupation with video games and sexual acts. No clear diagnostic criterion has been established with validity for behavioral addictions. Sexual addiction, including addiction to pornography is not included as a separate entity because of a lack of strong empirical evidence in this area. Different scales can be used for assessment of sexual addiction...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Bei-Bei Wu, Ye Ma, Lei Xie, Jin-Zhuang Huang, Zong-Bo Sun, Zhi-Duo Hou, Rui-Wei Guo, Zhi-Rong Lin, Shou-Xing Duan, Shan-Shan Zhao, Yao-Xie, Dan-Miao Sun, Chun-Min Zhu, Shu-Hua Ma
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with cognitive deficit but the exact neural mechanisms remain unclear. PURPOSE: To explore sequential brain activities using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during the performance of a decision-making task, and to determine whether serum or clinical markers can reflect the involvement of the brain in SLE. SUBJECTS: Sixteen female SLE patients without overt clinical neuropsychiatric symptoms and 16 healthy controls were included...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Silvia Ronzitti, Shane W Kraus, Rani A Hoff, Massimo Clerici, Marc N Potenza
BACKGROUND: Despite the strong associations between personality disorders and problem/pathological gambling, few studies have investigated the relationships between personality disorders, problem-gambling severity and suicidal thoughts/behaviors. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationships between problem-gambling severity and personality disorders among individuals with differing levels of suicidality (none, thoughts alone, attempts). METHODS: We analyzed data from 13,543 participants of the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) study...
March 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Vittorio Lutri, Emiliano Soldini, Silvia Ronzitti, Neil Smith, Massimo Clerici, Alex Blaszczynski, Henrietta Bowden-Jones
Several studies have found that certain traits of impulsivity are associated with gambling disorder, and influence its severity. Furthermore, it has been suggested that some forms of gambling, particularly electronic gambling machines, are particularly widespread among pathological gamblers. In the present, exploratory study, we aim to clarify the role played by impulsivity in influencing the choice of specific gambling activities, by examining the relation between individual dimensions of impulsivity, and the choice of specific gambling activities in a clinical population...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Tanja Strohäker, Tilman Becker
An exclusion system for gambling arcades has been introduced recently in the state of Hesse. The aim of this paper is to identify significant predictors that are useful in explaining the variation of exclusions between different Hessian communities. Next to socio-demographic factors, we control for three different accessibility variables in two models: the number of electronic gambling machines (EGMs) in model I, and the number of locations and density of gambling machines at a location in model II. We disentangle the association between EGMs and exclusions of model I into a location and a clustering effect...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Anne Sauvaget, Samuel Bulteau, Alice Guilleux, Juliette Leboucher, Anne Pichot, Pierre Valrivière, Jean-Marie Vanelle, Véronique Sébille-Rivain, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Background Craving is a core symptom of addictive disorders, such as pathological gambling for example. Over the last decade, several studies have assessed the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the addiction field, which triggers the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) to decrease craving. The STIMJEU study investigated whether a single session of low-frequency (LF, i.e., 1 Hz) rTMS applied to the right DLPFC reduced cue-induced gambling craving in a sample of treatment-seeking pathological gamblers...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Guyonne Rogier, Patrizia Velotti
Gambling Disorder (GD) is a complex psychopathology involving a numbers of cognitive, behavioral, emotional and neurobiological determinants. Previous research suggests that GD may frequently co-occur with Narcissistic Personality Disorder. However, there is still a lack of study investigating Pathological Narcissism (PN) in both its vulnerable and grandiose facets among clinical population. Moreover, emotional dysregulation is commonly thought to underlie GD albeit research on this topic remains poor. The present study aims to investigate the role of both vulnerable and grandiose narcissism in relation to GD as well as the mediator role played by emotion dysregulation in such link...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
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