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Pathological gambling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905166/efficacy-of-a-self-help-treatment-for-at-risk-and-pathological-gamblers
#1
Catherine Boudreault, Isabelle Giroux, Christian Jacques, Annie Goulet, Hélène Simoneau, Robert Ladouceur
Available evidence suggests that self-help treatments may reduce problem gambling severity but inconsistencies of results across clinical trials leave the extent of their benefits unclear. Moreover, no self-help treatment has yet been validated within a French Canadian setting. The current study therefore assesses the efficacy of a French language self-help treatment including three motivational telephone interviews spread over an 11-week period and a cognitive-behavioral self-help workbook. At-risk and pathological gamblers were randomly assigned to the treatment group (n = 31) or the waiting list (n = 31)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899443/geriatric-gambling-disorder-challenges-in-clinical-assessment
#2
Mara Smith, Ana Hategan, James A Bourgeois
To the Editor: The gaming industry is growing rapidly, as is the proportion of older adults aged 65 years or older who participate in gambling (Tse et al., 2012). With casinos tailoring their venues and providing incentives to attract older adults, and with the increasing popularity of "pleasure trips" to casinos organized by retirement homes, plus active promotion of government-operated lotteries in many countries, this trend is likely to continue. Gambling disorder (GD) or "pathological" or "problem" gambling presents a public health concern in the geriatric population...
September 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893336/problematic-internet-use-in-gamblers-impact-on-clinical-and-cognitive-measures
#3
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Eric Leppink, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVE: Gambling is a commonplace phenomenon, existing along a continuum from occasional gambling to functionally impairing gambling disorder. The internet may act as a conduit for some gambling behaviors. The impact of problematic internet use on clinical and cognitive features relevant to gambling has received little research attention. METHODS: A total of 206 adults aged 18-30 years who gamble at least five times per year were recruited from the general community and undertook detailed clinical and cognitive assessments...
September 12, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886591/predictors-of-early-dropout-in-treatment-for-gambling-disorder-the-role-of-personality-disorders-and-clinical-syndromes
#4
G Maniaci, C La Cascia, F Picone, A Lipari, C Cannizzaro, D La Barbera
Several treatment options for gambling disorder (GD) have been tested in recent years; however dropout levels still remain high. This study aims to evaluate whether the presence of psychiatric comorbidities predicts treatment outcome according to Millon's evolutionary theory, following a six-month therapy for GD. The role of severity, duration of the disorder, typology of gambling (mainly online or offline) and pharmacological treatment were also analysed. The recruitment included 194 pathological gamblers (PGs) to be compared with 78 healthy controls (HCs)...
August 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877518/naltrexone-in-the-treatment-of-broadly-defined-behavioral-addictions-a-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Fayçal Mouaffak, Claudio Leite, Sonia Hamzaoui, Amine Benyamina, Xavier Laqueille, Oussama Kebir
INTRODUCTION: Broadly defined behavioral addiction is a conceptual framework including behaviors characterized by loss of control and continuation despite significant negative consequences. Broadly defined behavioral addictions share many similarities with substance use disorders. As naltrexone is one of the most studied treatment for substance use disorders, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials (RCT) assessing the effectiveness of naltrexone in the treatment of broadly defined behavioral addictions...
September 7, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864873/health-outcomes-in-individuals-with-problem-and-pathological-gambling-an-analysis-of-the-2014-north-carolina-behavioral-risk-factor-survey-system-brfss
#6
Ryan Van Patten, Jeremiah Weinstock, Andrew B McGrath
Problem and pathological gambling refers to subclinical and clinical levels of maladaptive gambling, respectively, and is associated with specific sociodemographic characteristics as well as a number of poor health outcomes. We examined such demographic, physical health, mental health, and health-related behaviors in a sample of 7045 low-risk gamblers and 244 problem/pathological gamblers. Participants completed the 2014 North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System telephone survey. Using the National Opinion Research Center's Diagnostic Screen for Gambling Disorders-CLiP, participants were categorized as either "problem/pathological gamblers" or "low-risk gamblers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856904/comorbid-pathological-gambling-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders-health-care-services-provision-by-clinician-specialty
#7
Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Maria Errea, Rachel Volberg
Background and aims Pathological gambling (PG) is an impulse control disorder. This study assessed the burden of co-occurring behavioral addictions and mental health disorders in treatment-seeking patients and estimated the likelihood of receiving care for these disorders by clinician specialty. Methods Study data were derived from the Massachusetts All-Payer Claims Database, a representative database, for the period 2009-2013. The sample included commercially insured adult residents of Massachusetts. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to estimate the likelihood of provision of care by clinician specialty adjusting for patient's demographic characteristics and level of care...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838248/the-relevance-of-personality-traits-in-impulsivity-related-disorders-from-substance-use-disorders-and-gambling-disorder-to-bulimia-nervosa
#8
Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Zaida Agüera, Roser Granero, Anders Hakansson, Ana B Fagundo, Ferran Bolao, Ana Valdepérez, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Eva Penelo, Laura Moragas, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Assumpta Rigol-Cuadras, Virginia Martín-Romera, José M Menchón
Background and aims The main aim of this study was to analyze and describe the clinical characteristics and shared personality traits in different impulsivity-compulsivity spectrum disorders: substance use disorders (SUD), gambling disorder (GD), and bulimia nervosa (BN). The specific aims were to compare personality differences among individuals with pure SUD, BN with and without SUD, and GD with and without SUD. In addition, we assessed the differential predictive capacity of clinical and personality variables in relation to diagnostic subtype...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832319/uncertainty-exposure-causes-behavioural-sensitization-and-increases-risky-decision-making-in-male-rats-toward-modelling-gambling-disorder
#9
Fiona D Zeeb, Zhaoxia Li, Daniel C Fisher, Martin H Zack, Paul J Fletcher
BACKGROUND: An animal model of gambling disorder, previously known as pathological gambling, could advance our understanding of the disorder and help with treatment development. We hypothesized that repeated exposure to uncertainty during gambling induces behavioural and dopamine (DA) sensitization - similar to chronic exposure to drugs of abuse. Uncertainty exposure (UE) may also increase risky decision-making in an animal model of gambling disorder. METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley rats received 56 UE sessions, during which animals responded for saccharin according to an unpredictable, variable ratio schedule of reinforcement (VR group)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818561/the-rise-and-fall-of-impulse-control-behavior-disorders
#10
Giovanni Cossu, Roberta Rinaldi, Carlo Colosimo
INTRODUCTION: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) are psychiatric disorders characterized by the failure to resist an impulse or by the temptation to perform an act that is harmful to oneself or to others. METHODS: ICDs, including pathological gambling, hypersexuality, compulsive eating and shopping, can occur as a complication of Parkinson's disease (PD) together with other behavioral disorders, including dopamine dysregulation syndrome. This review is based on a literature search updated to May 2017, focusing on the epidemiology, clinical features, and therapeutic options of ICDs associated with PD...
August 1, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728675/increased-striatal-dopamine-synthesis-capacity-in-gambling-addiction
#11
Ruth J van Holst, Guillaume Sescousse, Lieneke K Janssen, Marcel Janssen, Anne S Berry, William J Jagust, Roshan Cools
BACKGROUND: The hypothesis that dopamine plays an important role in the pathophysiology of pathological gambling is pervasive. However, there is little to no direct evidence for a categorical difference between pathological gamblers and healthy control subjects in terms of dopamine transmission in a drug-free state. Here we provide evidence for this hypothesis by comparing dopamine synthesis capacity in the dorsal and ventral parts of the striatum in 13 pathological gamblers and 15 healthy control subjects...
June 16, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720904/interaction-between-trait-and-housing-condition-produces-differential-decision-making-toward-risk-choice-in-a-rat-gambling-task
#12
Wha Young Kim, Bo Ram Cho, Myung Ji Kwak, Jeong-Hoon Kim
Poor decision-making is a core problem in psychiatric disorders such as pathological gambling and substance abuse. Both trait and environmental factors are considerably important to affect decision-making. However, it has not yet been systematically shown how they interact to affect risk preference in animal models evaluating decision-making. Here, we trained rats, housed in pairs or in isolation, in a touch screen chamber to detect the association between four different light signals on the screen and accompanied reward and punishment outcomes arranged with different schedules...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715699/gambling-and-negative-life-events-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-uk-men
#13
Amanda Roberts, Stephen Sharman, Jeremy Coid, Raegan Murphy, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Sean Cowlishaw, Jason Landon
INTRODUCTION: The links between gambling problems, trauma and life stressors are known to exist but understanding the extent of these relationships will allow for greater efficacy in early intervention and treatment. We investigated these relationships among men and sought to determine whether links were attenuated by alcohol and drug use problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional UK representative general population survey was conducted in 2009 with 3025 men aged 18-64years...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696131/partial-dopamine-agonist-induced-pathological-gambling-and-impulse-control-deficit-on-low-dose-aripiprazole
#14
Evan Peterson, Rosaria Forlano
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of aripiprazole-induced problem gambling and impulse-control deficit in a gambling-naïve patient following commencement of low-dose aripiprazole. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: This case adds to the literature on the dopamine partial agonist aripiprazole causing or exacerbating problem gambling, and extends that literature to low-dose use of aripiprazole in the gambling naïve. CONCLUSIONS: When commencing a patient on aripiprazole the possibility of emergence of problem gambling and other impulse-control deficits should be monitored, even in those with no history of similar behaviours and even on a low dose...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686562/-impulsivity-as-an-immediate-factor-between-addictive-disorders-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
H Lazaratou, A Palaiologou, D Anagnostopoulos
Impulsivity is a behavior in everyday life of mentally healthy individuals. But in some cases the degree of impulsivity begins to create negative effects on one's life and acquires pathological connotation. Two clinical entities in which can be observed a high degree of impulsivity is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Addictive disorders. In these disorders, both impulsive act and impulsive choice are observed. According to some researchers, genetic factors are involved in the control of impulsivity...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685275/risk-factors-for-problem-gambling-in-california-demographics-comorbidities-and-gambling-participation
#16
Rachel A Volberg, Lauren M McNamara, Kari L Carris
While population surveys have been carried out in numerous jurisdictions internationally, little has been done to assess the relative strength of different risk factors that may contribute to the development of problem gambling. This is an important preparatory step for future research on the etiology of problem gambling. Using data from the 2006 California Problem Gambling Prevalence Survey, a telephone survey of adult California residents that used the NODS to assess respondents for gambling problems, binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify demographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and gambling participation variables that statistically predicted the odds of being a problem or pathological gambler...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678449/-is-video-game-addiction-a-reality
#17
Gabriel Thorens, Sophia Achab, Stephane Rothen, Yasser Khazaal, Daniele Zullino
Video games are widely practiced. Questions about their potential health risks arise, including the risk of addiction. If there is at present no official diagnosis of video games addiction, the DSM-5 proposes temporary criteria based on pathological gambling. Video game addiction affects a minority of at risk individuals. The proposed treatments are essentially psychotherapeutic. Video games practices can be non problematic and they may also have potential beneficial effects on individuals. It is therefore recommended, when assessing video games practices, to take into account the positive and negative impacts of their use...
September 21, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668980/one-year-prospective-study-on-passion-and-gambling-problems-in-poker-players
#18
Adèle Morvannou, Magali Dufour, Natacha Brunelle, Djamal Berbiche, Élise Roy
The concept of passion is relevant to understanding gambling behaviours and gambling problems. Longitudinal studies are useful to better understand the absence and development of gambling problems; however, only one study has specifically considered poker players. Using a longitudinal design, this study aims to determine the influence, 1 year later, of two forms of passion-harmonious and obsessive-on gambling problems in poker players. A total of 116 poker players was recruited from across Quebec, Canada. The outcome variable of interest was participants' category on the Canadian Pathological Gambling Index, and the predictive variable was the Gambling Passion Scale...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667828/the-relationship-between-gambling-expenditure-socio-demographics-health-related-correlates-and-gambling-behaviour-a-cross-sectional-population-based-survey-in-finland
#19
Sari Castrén, Jukka Kontto, Hannu Alho, Anne H Salonen
AIMS: To investigate gambling expenditure and its relationship with socio-demographics, health-related correlates and past-year gambling behaviour. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population survey. SETTING: Population-based survey in Finland. PARTICIPANTS: Finnish people aged 15-74 years randomly drawn from the Population Information System. The participants in this study were past-year gamblers (n = 3671; 1418 women and 1833 men)...
July 1, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655790/targeting-vascular-endothelial-cadherin-in-tumor-associated-blood-vessels-promotes-t-cell-mediated-immunotherapy
#20
Yang Zhao, Ka Ka Ting, Jia Li, Victoria C Cogger, Jinbiao Chen, Anna Johansson-Percival, Shin Foong Ngiow, Jeff Holst, Georges Grau, Shom Goel, Thorleif Muller, Elisabetta Dejana, Geoff McCaughan, Mark J Smyth, Ruth Ganss, Mathew A Vadas, Jennifer R Gamble
T-cell infiltration of solid tumors is associated with improved prognosis and favorable responses to immunotherapy. Mechanisms that enable tumor infiltration of CD8(+) T cells have not been defined, nor have drugs that assist this process been discovered. Here we address these issues with a focus on VE-cadherin, a major endothelial cell-specific junctional protein that controls vascular integrity. A decrease in VE-cadherin expression is associated with tumor pathology. We developed an oligonucleotide-based inhibitor (CD5-2), which disrupted the interaction of VE-cadherin with its regulator miR-27a, resulting in increased VE-cadherin expression...
August 15, 2017: Cancer Research
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