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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222570/communication-vulnerable-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#1
Lavoisier Leite Neto, Ana Carolina Constantini, Regina Yu Shon Chun
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) exhibits speech disorders since the early stages that decrease the communication rate and interfere in social participation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on communication vulnerable and Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. METHOD: Descriptors of the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) were used: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Health Vulnerability, Communication Barriers, Nonverbal Communication, and Communication Aids for Disabled...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222472/telemedizin-chancen-in-der-schmerztherapie
#2
Carla Nau
Pain is generally undertreated and there is a need to differentiate and improve access to appropriate pain care. The growing Field of telehealth offers a novel opportunity for pain care, exploiting mainly communicative and pharmacological therapeutic principles. Rationale for telemedicine for the management of chronic pain are the potential to overcome timely, economical, and structural barriers for the access to specialized pain care as well as the general open mindedness of physicians and patients towards this technology...
February 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220553/african-american-fathers-perspectives-on-facilitators-and-barriers-to-father-son-sexual-health-communication
#3
Schenita D Randolph, Tanya Coakley, Jeffrey Shears, Roland J Thorpe
African-American males ages 13 through 24 are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), accounting for over half of all HIV infections in this age group in the United States. Clear communication between African-American parents and their youth about sexual health is associated with higher rates of sexual abstinence, condom use, and intent to delay initiation of sexual intercourse. However, little is known about African-American fathers' perceptions of what facilitates and inhibits sexual health communication with their preadolescent and adolescent sons...
February 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220317/role-of-narrative-based-medicine-in-proper-patient-assessment
#4
Giovanni Rosti
Improving patient-physician communication is an area of medicine that deserves greater attention. Narrative medicine can be considered as one tool that can aid in fostering better communication. Current medical practice is dominated by evidence-based medicine, and dictates what therapies the clinician will offer in a given circumstance, ideally supported by (evidence-based) guidelines. However, when taken alone it tends to decentralize the patient. There are many different approaches that can be used to understand the patient and what he or she is experiencing as a result of their illness...
February 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220251/triple-aim-improvement-for-individuals-services-and-society-in-dementia-care-the-dementianet-collaborative-care-approach
#5
M S Nieuwboer, A Richters, M A van der Marck
BACKGROUND: A redesigning of primary care is required to meet dementia patients' needs. In the Netherlands, current dementia care still falls short in areas including ad hoc collaboration, lack of feedback on quality to professionals involved, and insufficient implementation of established multidisciplinary guidelines. OBJECTIVE: DementiaNet is a collaborative care approach, which aims to reduce the burden of the disease on individuals, healthcare services and society via network-based care that encourages collaboration, enhances knowledge and skills and stimulates quality improvement cycles...
February 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218584/occupational-engagement-in-low-income-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
Alix G Sleight
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study examined the experience of occupational engagement in low-income Latina breast cancer survivors and suggests the potential for occupational therapy practitioners to improve health outcomes in this vulnerable and underserved population. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 9 participants. Inductive analysis was used to code for themes and patterns related to occupational engagement and quality of life (QOL). RESULTS: Lack of occupational engagement negatively affected QOL, but participation in occupations such as religious activity and caregiving promoted well-being...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216464/exosomes-as-novel-bio-carriers-for-gene-and-drug-delivery
#7
REVIEW
Xin-Chi Jiang, Jian-Qing Gao
Clinical treatments have stalled in certain diseases due to a lack of proper therapeutic delivery systems. Recent studies have identified exosomes for their potential use as cell-free therapies, which may provide a novel mechanism for solving this problem. Exosomes are nanoscale extracellular vesicles that can transport rich cargos of proteins, lipids, DNA, and RNA. It is increasingly recognized that exosomes play a complex role in not only the physiological conditions but also pathological ones. Accumulating evidence suggests that exosomes are of paramount importance in distant cell-cell communication because they can enter the circulation when secreted and pass through additional biological barriers...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214468/difficulties-experienced-by-veterinarians-when-communicating-about-emerging-zoonotic-risks-with-animal-owners-the-case-of-hendra-virus
#8
Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak, Rick Speare Posthumously
BACKGROUND: Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also have a legal responsibility to inform their clients about the associated risks to human health. Here we report on part of a mixed methods study that examined the preparedness of, and difficulties experienced by, veterinarians communicating about HeV-related risks with their clients...
February 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212056/parenting-intentions-among-transgender-individuals
#9
Samantha L Tornello, Henny Bos
PURPOSE: We know very little about how transgender people create their families and the issues involved in these decisions. This qualitative study explored the parenting intentions and desires of 32 self-identified transgender individuals who want to become parents in the future. METHODS: Data were collected using an open-ended survey with 32 transgender men and transgender women regarding when and how they want to become parents in the future. RESULTS: We found that transgender individuals expressed specific desires for parenthood, such as biological relatedness and barriers to parenthood, such as physical limitations or lack of legal protections, which influence how transgender individuals choose to become parents in the future...
February 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210771/factors-influencing-physical-activity-and-rehabilitation-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#10
REVIEW
Selina M Parry, Laura D Knight, Bronwen Connolly, Claire Baldwin, Zudin Puthucheary, Peter Morris, Jessica Mortimore, Nicholas Hart, Linda Denehy, Catherine L Granger
PURPOSE: To identify, evaluate and synthesise studies examining the barriers and enablers for survivors of critical illness to participate in physical activity in the ICU and post-ICU settings from the perspective of patients, caregivers and healthcare providers. METHODS: Systematic review of articles using five electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus. Quantitative and qualitative studies that were published in English in a peer-reviewed journal and assessed barriers or enablers for survivors of critical illness to perform physical activity were included...
February 16, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207962/validating-an-electronic-health-literacy-scale-in-an-older-hispanic-population
#11
Judith Aponte, Kathleen M Nokes
AIM: Examine the validity of the Spanish version of an instrument used to measure electronic health literacy (eHEALS) with an older Hispanic population from a number of Spanish-language countries living in New York City in the United States (US). BACKGROUND: Although the internet is available globally, complex skills are needed in order to use this source of valuable health-related information effectively. Electronic health literacy is a multifactorial concept that includes health literacy but also requires technology skills...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207823/self-rated-health-and-reasons-for-non-vaccination-against-seasonal-influenza-in-canadian-adults-with-asthma
#12
Jennifer L Guthrie, David Fisman, Jennifer L Gardy
INTRODUCTION: While seasonal influenza vaccination is recommended for individuals with asthma, uptake in this population is low. We examined how self-rated health impacts reasons for not being immunized against influenza in Canadian adults with asthma, focusing on those who have never been immunized. METHODS: We pooled four cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey (cycles 3.1(2005), 2007/08, 2009/10 and 2011/12), grouping individuals by whether their reasons for not having been vaccinated were perceptual or technical...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203085/the-effect-of-psychometric-variables-in-predicting-physical-activity-behavior-among-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients
#13
Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Fira Abamecha Ababulgu, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Getachew Kiros Abraha
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus type-2 (DMT-2), the most common endocrine disease in the world, is a major global public health-related issue. Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common non-communicable diseases globally, and there is substantial evidence that it is epidemic in many low- and middle-income countries. It is widely recognized that physical activity is important in preventing and treating DMT-2. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of physical activity among DMT-2 patients attending Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH), Southwest Ethiopia...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202001/factors-affecting-the-implementation-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#14
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination coverage. In Nigeria, numerous communication approaches have been deployed but these interventions are not without challenges. We therefore aimed to explore factors affecting the delivery of vaccination communication in Nigeria. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach and conducted the study in two states: Bauchi and Cross River States in northern and southern Nigeria respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197620/measuring-practicing-clinicians-information-literacy-an-exploratory-analysis-in-the-context-of-panel-management
#15
Brian E Dixon, Katherine Barboza, Ashley E Jensen, Katelyn J Bennett, Scott E Sherman, Mark D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: As healthcare moves towards technology-driven population health management, clinicians must adopt complex digital platforms to access health information and document care. OBJECTIVES: This study explored information literacy, a set of skills required to effectively navigate population health information systems, among primary care providers in one Veterans' Affairs (VA) medical center. METHODS: Information literacy was assessed during an 8-month randomized trial that tested a population health (panel) management intervention...
February 15, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193265/in-the-interest-of-food-safety-a-qualitative-study-investigating-communication-and-trust-between-food-regulators-and-food-industry-in-the-uk-australia-and-new-zealand
#16
Samantha B Meyer, Annabelle M Wilson, Michael Calnan, Julie Henderson, John Coveney, Dean McCullum, Alex R Pearce, Paul Ward, Trevor Webb
BACKGROUND: Food regulatory bodies play an important role in public health, and in reducing the costs of food borne illness that are absorbed by both industry and government. Regulation in the food industry involves a relationship between regulators and members of the industry, and it is imperative that these relationships are built on trust. Research has shown in a variety of contexts that businesses find the most success when there are high levels of trust between them and their key stakeholders...
February 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191546/customized-care-an-intervention-to-improve-communication-and-health-outcomes-in-multimorbidity
#17
Marsha N Wittink, Sule Yilmaz, Patrick Walsh, Ben Chapman, Paul Duberstein
INTRODUCTION: Many primary care patients with multimorbidity (two or more chronic conditions) and depression or anxiety have day-to-day challenges that affect health outcomes, such as having financial or housing concerns, or dealing with social or emotional stressors. Yet, primary care providers (PCPs) are often unaware of patients' daily challenges coping with chronic disease. We developed Customized Care, an intervention, to address the barriers to effective communication about patient's day-to-day challenges...
December 15, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187759/supporting-adherence-to-oral-anticancer-agents-clinical-practice-and-clues-to-improve-care-provided-by-physicians-nurse-practitioners-nurses-and-pharmacists
#18
Lonneke Timmers, Christel C L M Boons, Mathieu Verbrugghe, Bart J F van den Bemt, Ann Van Hecke, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg
BACKGROUND: Healthcare provider (HCP) activities and attitudes towards patients strongly influence medication adherence. The aim of this study was to assess current clinical practices to support patients in adhering to treatment with oral anticancer agents (OACA) and to explore clues to improve the management of medication adherence. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study among HCPs in (haemato-)oncology settings in Belgium and the Netherlands was conducted in 2014 using a composite questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187693/parents-experiences-of-participation-in-physical-activities-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protecting-and-pushing-towards-independence
#19
Katarina Lauruschkus, Eva Nordmark, Inger Hallström
PURPOSE: To explore how parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience their child's participation in physical activities and to identify facilitators and barriers for being physically active and reducing sedentary behaviour. METHODS: Twenty-five parents of sixteen children, aged 8-11 years old with CP, with varying gross motor, cognitive and communicative functions and with different cultural backgrounds, participated in focus group or individual interviews...
April 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186940/missed-opportunities-for-earlier-diagnosis-of-hiv-in-patients-who-presented-with-advanced-hiv-disease-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Itzchak Levy, Yasmin Maor, Naim Mahroum, Liraz Olmer, Anat Wieder, Vladislav Litchevski, Orna Mor, Galia Rahav
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and characterise missed opportunities for earlier HIV diagnosis in patients diagnosed with advanced HIV. DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: A central tertiary medical centre in Israel. MEASURES: The proportion of patients with advanced HIV, the proportion of missed opportunities to diagnose them earlier, and the rate of clinical indicator diseases (CIDs) in those patients...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
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