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"Clinical Pharmacy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330033/service-quality-and-parents-willingness-to-get-adolescents-hpv-vaccine-from-pharmacists
#1
Parth D Shah, William A Calo, Macary W Marciniak, Carol E Golin, Betsy L Sleath, Noel T Brewer
We sought to examine whether pharmacy service quality was associated with parents' willingness to have immunizing pharmacists administer human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to their adolescent children. Participants were a national sample of 1504 US parents of adolescents ages 11 to 17 who completed an online survey in 2014. Analyses used structural equation modeling. Parents rated service quality and feelings of satisfaction with their pharmacies as moderate to high. Many (44%) were willing to get HPV vaccine from immunizing pharmacists for their adolescent children...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322872/a-collaborative-approach-to-improve-consistent-use-of-procalcitonin-in-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#2
Alexander R Levine, Robyn Riggott, Kristela Vulaj, Tera R Falcetti, Syed Ali, Gagandeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) is a biomarker that can help differentiate bacterial from viral infections and has been extensively studied in patients with sepsis and pneumonia to guide antibiotic therapy. However, there is poor adherence to prescribed algorithms when used to discontinue antibiotics in the real world. A quality improvement project was implemented to increase consistent use of PCT. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate use of PCT and impact on antibiotic length of therapy (LOT) preimplementation and postimplementation of a quality improvement initiative...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299003/impact-of-pharmacists-in-a-community-based-home-care-service-a-pilot-program
#3
Ashley N Walus, Donna M M Woloschuk
Background: Historically, pharmacists have not been included on home care teams, despite the fact that home care patients frequently experience medication errors. Literature describing Canadian models of pharmacy practice in home care settings is limited. The optimal service delivery model and distribution of clinical activities for home care pharmacists remain unclear. Objectives: The primary objective was to describe the impact of a pharmacist based at a community home care office and providing home visits, group education, and telephone consultations...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278980/clinic-level-population-health-intervention-by-pgy2-ambulatory-care-pharmacy-residents-to-optimize-medication-management-in-a-self-insured-employer-health-plan-population
#4
Joseph Vande Griend, Danielle R Fixen, Cy W Fixen, Jason Zupec, Joseph J Saseen
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate year 2 ambulatory care pharmacy residents (PGY2 residents) may be able to improve healthcare quality by providing clinical pharmacy services provided to self-insured employer health plan patients. The objectives of this study are to describe this care delivery in a family medicine clinic, and to identify patients most likely to benefit from the service. METHODS: From October 1, 2014 till June 30, 2015, comprehensive medication review was completed by PGY2 residents for patients insured by CU Anthem at the University of Colorado Westminster Family Medicine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276254/factors-associated-with-burnout-among-us-hospital-clinical-pharmacy-practitioners-results-of-a-nationwide-pilot-survey
#5
G Morgan Jones, Neil A Roe, Les Louden, Crystal R Tubbs
Background: In health care, burnout has been defined as a psychological process whereby human service professionals attempting to positively impact the lives of others become overwhelmed and frustrated by unforeseen job stressors. Burnout among various physician groups who primarily practice in the hospital setting has been extensively studied; however, no evidence exists regarding burnout among hospital clinical pharmacists. Objective: The aim of this study was to characterize the level of and identify factors independently associated with burnout among clinical pharmacists practicing in an inpatient hospital setting within the United States...
December 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239778/accuracy-of-medication-histories-collected-by-pharmacy-technicians-during-hospital-admission
#6
Jena Jobin, Adriane N Irwin, Jana Pimentel, Matthew C Tanner
BACKGROUND: Transitioning activities that do not require clinical judgment from pharmacists to pharmacy technicians has been endorsed as a strategy to increase patient access to clinical pharmacy services. One role becoming increasingly common is using pharmacy technicians to collect the medication history within medication reconciliation processes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of pharmacy technicians to gather a complete and accurate medication history during the inpatient admission process at a regional medical center...
August 19, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239004/providing-comprehensive-medication-management-in-telehealth
#7
Melissa E Badowski, Scot Walker, Shaffeeulah Bacchus, Sandy Bartlett, Juliana Chan, Kelly A Cochran, Scott Coon, Michelle Liedtke, Brad Phillips, Taylor White
The goal of this white paper is to provide direction for clinical pharmacists providing telehealth. Telehealth care is rapidly emerging to improve patient access to health care and optimize patient health outcomes. With the increasing ability to access electronic health record portals, as many as 75 million telehealth encounters are expected in North America annually. Although electronic "point of access" undoubtedly increases the use of medical and pharmacy services, the real value of telehealth lies in improved access to patients in remote areas lacking adequate medical and pharmacy services and to high-risk patients requiring frequent monitoring...
December 14, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233320/the-description-and-evaluation-of-virtual-worlds-in-clinical-pharmacy-education-in-northern-sweden
#8
Maria Gustafsson, Claire Englund, Gisselle Gallego
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe and evaluate the use of a three-dimensional virtual world (3DVW) in a clinical pharmacy course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students are provided with training opportunities in simulated ward rounds and patient meetings in a 3DVW. The 3DVW enables students to practice communication with patients and colleagues in a professional manner. To evaluate the course and use of the 3DVW, an online course evaluation was completed by students after they had finished the clinical pharmacy course...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233308/evaluation-of-students-perceptions-of-the-socrative-application-versus-a-traditional-student-response-system-and-its-impact-on-classroom-engagement
#9
Anthony J Guarascio, Branden D Nemecek, David E Zimmerman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Student response systems (SRSs) or "clickers" are common tools that lecturers can implement into didactic lectures. Socrative is a convenient and free SRS application that can be downloaded on personal handheld devices and used by faculty and students. It is unknown if students prefer using this application and what advantages or disadvantages can be seen with Socrative's use. PURPOSE: To measure student preference of standard SRS methods compared to Socrative as well as the impact of Socrative use on student engagement during delivery of clinical pharmacy instruction EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Standard SRS and Socrative incorporated lectures were presented to students during an infectious disease module...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233277/overview-of-a-co-curricular-professional-development-program-in-a-college-of-pharmacy
#10
Janice Hoffman, Eunice Chung, Karl Hess, Anandi V Law, Brandon Samson, James D Scott
The goal of a professional program at a school or college of pharmacy is to produce competent and professional pharmacy practitioners. In 2009, The American College of Clinical Pharmacy published a white paper to assist in the teaching of professionalism in schools/colleges of pharmacy to include traits such as responsibility, commitment to excellence, respect for others, honesty and integrity, and care with compassion. In February 2015, the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education released their updated accreditation standards (Standards 2016) which introduced the concept of co-curricular activities (Standard 12...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233149/advances-in-clinical-pharmacy-education-in-germany-a-quasi-experimental-single-blinded-study-to-evaluate-a-patient-centred-clinical-pharmacy-course-in-psychiatry
#11
Monika Dircks, Andreas Mayr, Annette Freidank, Johannes Kornhuber, Frank Dörje, Kristina Friedland
BACKGROUND: The pharmacy profession has shifted towards patient-centred care. To meet the new challenges it is necessary to provide students with clinical competencies. A quasi-experimental single-blinded teaching and learning study was carried out using a parallel-group design to evaluate systematically the benefits of clinical teaching in pharmacy education in Germany. METHODS: A clinical pharmacy course on a psychiatric ward was developed and implemented for small student groups...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222733/frail-older-people-with-multi-morbidities-in-primary-care-a-new-integrated-care-clinical-pharmacy-service
#12
Lelly Oboh, Catherine Leon, Sulman Qadir, Felicity Smith, Sally-Anne Francis
Background Older people confined to their own homes due to frailty, multiple longterm conditions and/or complex needs, are known to be at risk of medicines-related problems. Whilst a health and social care team approach to supporting these patients is advocated, there is limited evidence regarding how pharmacists can best contribute. Objective To describe a new specialist pharmacy service (called the integrated care clinical pharmacist) in terms of how it works, what it achieves and its policy implications...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222732/46th-escp-symposium-on-clinical-pharmacy-science-meets-practice-towards-evidence-based-clinical-pharmacy-services-heidelberg-germany-october-9th-11th-2017
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210472/hospital-pharmacists-and-patients-views-about-what-constitutes-effective-communication-between-pharmacists-and-patients
#14
Bernadette A M Chevalier, Bernadette M Watson, Michael A Barras, William N Cottrell
OBJECTIVES: The study's objective was to explore hospital pharmacists' and patients' views about what constitutes effective communication exchanges between pharmacists and patients. METHODS: This was a novel theory-based qualitative study using semi-structured interviews to elicit patients' and pharmacists' perspectives. Pharmacists providing clinical pharmacy services in either inpatient or outpatient settings were recruited first. Eligible patients had been admitted to a study pharmacist's practice area and were prescribed three or more medications to manage a chronic disease(s)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200081/pd-1-inhibitor-associated-myopathies-emerging-immune-mediated-myopathies
#15
Teerin Liewluck, Justin C Kao, Michelle L Mauermann
Programmed death-1 (PD-1) inhibitors are increasingly used in cancer immunotherapy. Various immune-related adverse events are reported, including infrequent individual case reports of myositis or rhabdomyolysis. The frequency and diagnostic spectrum of immune-related adverse events affecting skeletal muscle in PD-1 inhibitor-treated patients are unknown. We searched the Mayo Clinic Pharmacy database (2014-2016) to identify patients who developed myopathies during or after PD-1 inhibitor therapy. Among 654 cancer patients received PD-1 inhibitors (pembrolizumab=389; nivolumab=264; both=1), we identified 5 patients (pembrolizumab=5) with biopsy-proven myopathies (2 necrotizing myopathy, 1 early dermatomyositis, and 2 nonspecific myopathy)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190816/a-national-survey-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-county-hospitals-in-china
#16
Dongning Yao, Xiaoyu Xi, Yuankai Huang, Hao Hu, Yuanjia Hu, Yitao Wang, Wenbing Yao
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy is not only a medical science but also an elaborate public health care system firmly related to its subsystems of education, training, qualification authentication, scientific research, management, and human resources. China is a developing country with a tremendous need for improvements in the public health system, including the clinical pharmacy service system. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to evaluate the infrastructure and personnel qualities of clinical pharmacy services in China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183253/implementation-of-a-cardiac-transitions-of-care-pilot-program-a-prospective-study-of-inpatient-and-outpatient-clinical-pharmacy-services-for-patients-with-heart-failure-exacerbation-or-acute-myocardial-infarction
#17
Julie A Murphy, Michelle N Schroeder, Rachel E Rarus, Idris Yakubu, Sean O P McKee, Steven J Martin
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists may assist with reducing 30-day readmission rates for patients with heart failure (HF) exacerbation or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by promoting medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: To determine the change in 30-day readmission rates for patients with HF exacerbation or AMI after implementation of a "high-touch" standard of care. METHODS: Patients admitted with HF exacerbation, non-ST-segment elevation AMI, or ST-segment elevation AMI from August 1, 2013, to June 30, 2015, were included in this prospective study...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161260/hiv-self-testing-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Andrew Fullem, Caitlin Dunn, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing (HIVST) may play a role in addressing gaps in HIV testing coverage and as an entry point for HIV prevention services. We conducted a cluster randomized trial of 2 HIVST distribution mechanisms compared to the standard of care among female sex workers (FSWs) in Zambia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Trained peer educators in Kapiri Mposhi, Chirundu, and Livingstone, Zambia, each recruited 6 FSW participants. Peer educator-FSW groups were randomized to 1 of 3 arms: (1) delivery (direct distribution of an oral HIVST from the peer educator), (2) coupon (a coupon for collection of an oral HIVST from a health clinic/pharmacy), or (3) standard-of-care HIV testing...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157148/implementation-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-academic-oncology-practice-in-india
#19
Himanshu Patel, Parthasarathi Gurumurthy
Objective This study was conducted to investigate medication-related problems after implementation of clinical pharmacy services at a speciality oncology care setting. Methods It was a prospective interventional study conducted for a period of three years at a private academic oncology care setting. Paper-based medical records and medication orders were reviewed and patients and care givers were interviewed to understand the treatment plan. All the medication-related problems were identified by clinical pharmacists by performing drug therapy review...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143347/validation-of-a-tool-for-reporting-pharmacists-interventions-in-everyday-community-pharmacy
#20
T H Vo, J-D Bardet, B Charpiat, C Leyrissoux, J Gravoulet, B Allenet, O Conort, P Bedouch
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The French Society of Clinical Pharmacy (SFPC) asked a group of experts to adapt the SFPC hospital pharmacists' interventions reporting tool for use in community pharmacy practice. This study aimed to develop and validate a tool for the routine reporting of pharmacists' interventions in French community settings. METHODS: Two groups of community pharmacists coded reports of 60 typical pharmacists' interventions. One group was "experts" (n = 4) who had participated in the development of the tool (internal validation) and the other were "external" community pharmacists (n = 6), naïve to the tool (external validation)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
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