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"Clinical Pharmacy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639465/an-innovative-approach-to-addressing-the-hiv-care-continuum-implementation-of-a-clinical-pharmacy-resident-in-a-veterans-affairs-hiv-specialty-clinic
#1
Autumn Bagwell, M Shawn McFarland, Todd Hulgan
PURPOSE: Engagement of patients in the HIV care continuum and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) continue to limit successful viral suppression. Innovative practices to improve this continuum and ameliorate potential physician shortages are needed. The objective of this evaluation was to determine the clinical benefits of incorporating pharmacy resident involvement on a multidisciplinary team in caring for patients with HIV. METHODS: A single-center pre-post cohort pilot evaluation was conducted at the Tennessee Valley Healthcare Systems VA Medical Center...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638617/clinical-pharmacists-in-primary-care-provider-satisfaction-and-perceived-impact-on-quality-of-care-provided
#2
Havan Truong, Miranda E Kroehl, Carmen Lewis, Robin Pettigrew, Marialice Bennett, Joseph J Saseen, Katy E Trinkley
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate primary care provider satisfaction and perceived impact of clinical pharmacy services on the disease state management in primary care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey with 24 items and 4 domains was distributed anonymously to pharmacy residency program directors across the United States who were requested to forward the survey to their primary care provider colleagues. Primary care providers were asked to complete the survey...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636573/prescribing-patterns-for-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-slovenia-results-of-16-month-prospective-non-interventional-clinical-research
#3
Cvetka Bačar Bole, Mitja Pišlar, Aleš Mrhar, Rok Tavčar
BACKGROUND: In Slovenia, there has been no evidence about the prescribing patterns for inpatients with psychotic disorders. The research aims to analyze drug utilization patterns for inpatients with psychotic disorder that are coded as F20-F29 according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10(th) revision (schizophrenia spectrum disorders). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Prospective research was conducted at the Psychiatric Hospital Idrija. The medical records of the inpatients admitted over a 12-month period were collected from the beginning to the end of their hospitalization...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629300/dynamic-interplay-of-pharmacy-learners-during-a-solid-organ-transplantation-learning-experience
#4
Jonathan H Sin, Hanlin Li, Nicholas Jandovitz, Madeline King, Demetra S Tsapepas
Institutions with established clinical pharmacy services have the ability to offer focused patient care learning experiences, often led by a clinical specialist, for pharmacy residents and pharmacy students. Since all parties are continually involved in professional development and lifelong learning, the aforementioned groups can all be considered "pharmacy learners." By utilizing the dynamic interplay and collaboration between pharmacy learners through direct and nondirect patient care activities, experiential and educational opportunities may be improved and enhanced for each learner...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581206/upcoming-challenges-in-multidisciplinary-heart-failure-management-active-role-of-future-clinical-pharmacists
#5
J Motiejunaite, T Chouihed, A Mebazaa
In their article "Role and Value of Clinical Pharmacy in Heart Failure Management" Stough and Patterson discuss the potential benefits that clinical pharmacists could bring to heart failure management. They mostly focused on chronic stable heart failure. The objective of this commentary is to provide future perspectives for clinical pharmacist involvement in multidisciplinary heart failure team in the management of patients admitted in emergency for decompensation of their heart condition.
June 5, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577686/atrial-fibrillation-incrementally-increases-dementia-risk-across-all-chads2-and-cha2ds2vasc-strata-in-patients-receiving-long-term-warfarin
#6
Kevin G Graves, Heidi T May, Victoria Jacobs, Tami L Bair, Scott M Stevens, Scott C Woller, Brian G Crandall, Michael J Cutler, John D Day, Charles Mallender, Jeffrey S Osborn, J Peter Weiss, T Jared Bunch
BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are at higher risk for developing dementia. Warfarin is a common therapy for the prevention of thromboembolism in AF, valve replacement, and thrombosis patients. The extent to which AF itself increases dementia risk remains unknown. METHODS: A total 6030 patients with no history of dementia and chronically anticoagulated with warfarin were studied. Warfarin management was provided through a Clinical Pharmacy Anticoagulation Service...
June 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573438/the-incidence-and-severity-of-errors-in-pharmacist-written-discharge-medication-orders
#7
Raliat Onatade, Sara Sawieres, Alexandra Veck, Lindsay Smith, Shivani Gore, Sumiah Al-Azeib
Background Errors in discharge prescriptions are problematic. When hospital pharmacists write discharge prescriptions improvements are seen in the quality and efficiency of discharge. There is limited information on the incidence of errors in pharmacists' medication orders. Objective To investigate the extent and clinical significance of errors in pharmacist-written discharge medication orders. Setting 1000-bed teaching hospital in London, UK. Method Pharmacists in this London hospital routinely write discharge medication orders as part of the clinical pharmacy service...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557779/adventures-in-the-environmental-world-and-environmental-microbiology-sampling-of-air-for-pharmaceutical-sterile-compounding
#8
Roberto Ligugnana
Chapter <797> issued by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc. is the standard for sterile compounding. It is designed to reduce the number of patient infections due to contaminated pharmaceutical preparation. This regulation applies to all staff who prepare compounded sterile preparations and all places where they are produced, including hospitals, clinics, pharmacies, and physician's offices. This article provides the history of environmental microbiology and provides a discussion on environmental microbiology sampling of air for pharmaceutical sterile compounding...
May 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547729/doctors-and-nurses-perceptions-of-a-ward-based-pharmacist-in-rural-northern-sweden
#9
Maria Sjölander, Maria Gustafsson, Gisselle Gallego
Background This project is part of the prospective quasi experimental proof-of-concept investigation of clinical pharmacist intervention study to reduce drug-related problems among people admitted to a ward in a rural hospital in northern Sweden. Objective To explore doctors' and nurses' perceptions and expectations of having a ward-based pharmacist providing clinical pharmacy services. Setting Medical ward in a rural hospital in northern Sweden. Method Eighteen face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of doctors and nurses working on the ward where the clinical pharmacy service was due to be implemented...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545074/influence-of-distance-between-residence-and-health-facilities-on-non-communicable-diseases-an-assessment-over-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-bangladesh
#10
Raaj Kishore Biswas, Enamul Kabir
OBJECTIVE: This paper reflected on the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes in Bangladesh, which is spreading rapidly in low-income countries. The rationale of constructing more health centers for addressing NCDs was assessed in this paper by determining the relationship between prevalence of NCDs, particularly hypertension and diabetes, and distance to health facilities. METHODS: From BDHS (Bangladesh Health and Demographic Survey) 2011 data set, 7544 samples were analyzed to demonstrate association between Non-communicable diseases (NCD) and distance from respondents' home to health facilities like hospitals, community clinics, pharmacies or doctors' chambers, and community facilities like market, post office or cinema hall...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539104/development-of-collaborative-drug-therapy-management-and-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-outpatient-psychiatric-clinic
#11
Ashley Tewksbury, Kevin M Bozymski, Laura Ruekert, Cheen Lum, Elizabeth Cunningham, Frank Covington
Collaborative drug therapy management (CDTM) is a written agreement that allows a pharmacist to initiate, modify, or continue pharmacotherapies under a physician's scope of practice. While available literature pertaining to cardiometabolic and respiratory CDTM services is growing, publications are sparse in psychiatry, particularly outside Veterans Health Administration medical centers. A descriptive study was undertaken to demonstrate how a board-certified psychiatric pharmacist would begin organizing a protocol for clinical pharmacy services at an outpatient, community treatment center for mental health and substance abuse disorders...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526021/current-status-challenges-and-the-way-forward-for-clinical-pharmacy-service-in-ethiopian-public-hospitals
#12
Arebu Issa Bilal, Zelalem Tilahun, Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle, Belete Ayalneh, Bisrat Hailemeskel, Ephrem Engidawork
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy service has evolved steadily over the past few decades and is now contributing to the 'patient care journey' at all stages. It is improving the safety and effectiveness of medicines and has made a significant contribution to the avoidance of medication errors. In Ethiopia, clinical pharmacy service is in its initial phase, being started in July 2013. This study therefore aimed at assessing the status, challenges and way forward of clinical pharmacy service in the country...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506976/implementation-of-postdischarge-follow-up-telephone-calls-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#13
Shrina D Patel, Phuoc Anh Anne Nguyen, Melissa Bachler, Bradley Atkinson
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a pharmacy-driven, postdischarge follow-up telephone call program to assess medication adherence, provide education, and address medication-related concerns are discussed. SUMMARY: Many readmissions are avoidable through effective discharge planning and patient follow-up after hospitalization. However, there is limited information on how to effectuate this process. To address this barrier, a team consisting of a clinical pharmacy specialist, a clinical pharmacy manager, a postgraduate year 1 pharmacy resident, and an education specialist at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center collaborated to create a postdischarge telephone call program within a transitions-of-care (TOC) pilot program...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506574/the-degree-of-integration-of-non-dispensing-pharmacists-in-primary-care-practice-and-the-impact-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Ankie C M Hazen, Antoinette A de Bont, Lia Boelman, Dorien L M Zwart, Johan J de Gier, Niek J de Wit, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: A non-dispensing pharmacist conducts clinical pharmacy services aimed at optimizing patients individual pharmacotherapy. Embedding a non-dispensing pharmacist in primary care practice enables collaboration, probably enhancing patient care. The degree of integration of non-dispensing pharmacists into multidisciplinary health care teams varies strongly between settings. The degree of integration may be a determinant for its success. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates how the degree of integration of a non-dispensing pharmacist impacts medication related health outcomes in primary care...
April 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499280/help-and-care-seeking-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Anna Newton-Levinson, Jami S Leichliter, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: The ability to seek help or medical care for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is vital for sexually active youth; yet, their needs are often unmet. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative systematic review of studies to assess youth and provider views about the behaviors of young people in help seeking and care seeking for STI services in low- and middle-income countries. We searched peer-reviewed literature for studies published between 2001 and 2014 with a study population of youth (age, 10-24 years) and/or health service providers...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483010/pharmacist-managed-diabetes-center-interventions-ensure-quality-and-safety-in-elderly-patients
#16
Geoffrey Twigg, John Motsko, Jennifer Thomas, Tosin David
OBJECTIVES: This quality-improvement study aimed to replicate historical Patient Safety Clinical Pharmacy Services Collaborative results in high-risk Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes to achieve reductions in A1C, adverse drug events (ADEs), and potential ADEs (pADEs). DESIGN: The model included an interdisciplinary team led by a pharmacist located inside a community pharmacy to provide disease state management and medication therapy management (MTM) to the study population...
May 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464300/accp-clinical-pharmacist-competencies
#17
Joseph J Saseen, Toni L Ripley, Deborah Bondi, John M Burke, Lawrence J Cohen, Sarah McBane, Karen J McConnell, Bryan Sackey, Cynthia Sanoski, Anahit Simonyan, Jodi Taylor, Joseph P Vande Griend
The purpose of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) is to advance human health by extending the frontiers of clinical pharmacy. Consistent with this mission and its core values, ACCP is committed to ensuring that clinical pharmacists possess the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors necessary to deliver comprehensive medication management (CMM) in team-based, direct patient care environments. These components form the basis for the core competencies of a clinical pharmacist and reflect the competencies of other direct patient care providers...
May 2, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448781/assessment-of-clinical-pharmacy-interventions-to-reduce-outpatient-use-of-high-risk-medications-in-the-elderly
#18
Sarah C Weddle, A Shaun Rowe, Julie W Jeter, Rachel C Renwick, Shaunta' M Chamberlin, Andrea S Franks
BACKGROUND: Use of high-risk medications in the elderly (HRME) and drug-disease (Rx-DIS) interactions in the elderly, as defined by the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) Measures, are significantly associated with mortality, hospital admission, and need for emergency care. No published studies to date evaluate interventions to reduce the use of HEDIS-defined HRME, although many studies have postulated a beneficial effect of such interventions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pharmacist interventions on use of HRME and Rx-DIS interactions in the outpatient elderly population...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448779/effect-of-a-pharmacist-led-program-on-improving-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-from-northern-cyprus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Eylem Ilktac Korcegez, Mesut Sancar, Kutay Demirkan
BACKGROUND: The management of type 2 diabetes mellitus is complex, requiring continuous medical care by health care professionals and considerable self-care efforts by patients. Pharmacist-led care programs have been shown to help patients with diabetes succeed in achieving treatment goals and improving outcomes. Pharmacist-led care is a new health care concept in Northern Cyprus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a pharmacist-led care program on glycemic control, determined by hemoglobin A1c (A1c), and secondarily on blood pressure, lipid profile, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, medication adherence, and self-care activities, for patients with type 2 diabetes over a 12-month period...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448774/letter-the-authors-respond
#20
Kibum Kim, Robert J DiDomenico, Daniel R Touchette, Surrey M Walton
None of the authors of this study are involved in financial or personal relationships with agencies, institutions, or organizations that inappropriately influenced the statistical analysis plan or interpretation of the study results. DiDomenico received an honorarium from Amgen for the preparation of a heart failure drug monograph for Pharmacy Practice News and was a coinvestigator on funded research for the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. DiDomenico also serves as an advisory board member for a heart failure program at Otsuka America Pharmaceuticals and as an advisory board member at Novartis Pharmaceuticals...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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