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"Clinical Pharmacy"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161260/hiv-self-testing-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Andrew Fullem, Caitlin Dunn, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing (HIVST) may play a role in addressing gaps in HIV testing coverage and as an entry point for HIV prevention services. We conducted a cluster randomized trial of 2 HIVST distribution mechanisms compared to the standard of care among female sex workers (FSWs) in Zambia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Trained peer educators in Kapiri Mposhi, Chirundu, and Livingstone, Zambia, each recruited 6 FSW participants. Peer educator-FSW groups were randomized to 1 of 3 arms: (1) delivery (direct distribution of an oral HIVST from the peer educator), (2) coupon (a coupon for collection of an oral HIVST from a health clinic/pharmacy), or (3) standard-of-care HIV testing...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157148/implementation-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-academic-oncology-practice-in-india
#2
Himanshu Patel, Parthasarathi Gurumurthy
Objective This study was conducted to investigate medication-related problems after implementation of clinical pharmacy services at a speciality oncology care setting. Methods It was a prospective interventional study conducted for a period of three years at a private academic oncology care setting. Paper-based medical records and medication orders were reviewed and patients and care givers were interviewed to understand the treatment plan. All the medication-related problems were identified by clinical pharmacists by performing drug therapy review...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143347/validation-of-a-tool-for-reporting-pharmacists-interventions-in-everyday-community-pharmacy
#3
T H Vo, J-D Bardet, B Charpiat, C Leyrissoux, J Gravoulet, B Allenet, O Conort, P Bedouch
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The French Society of Clinical Pharmacy (SFPC) asked a group of experts to adapt the SFPC hospital pharmacists' interventions reporting tool for use in community pharmacy practice. This study aimed to develop and validate a tool for the routine reporting of pharmacists' interventions in French community settings. METHODS: Two groups of community pharmacists coded reports of 60 typical pharmacists' interventions. One group was "experts" (n = 4) who had participated in the development of the tool (internal validation) and the other were "external" community pharmacists (n = 6), naïve to the tool (external validation)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114694/the-impact-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-improving-jordanian-patients-health-outcomes
#4
Eman A Hammad, Rajaa A Qudah, Amal A Akour
To assess the impacts of clinical pharmacists on Jordanian patients' health outcomes. Methods: A systematic review was conducted until July 2016 within EBSCO, Pubmed, Cochrane database, and ISI Web of Knowledge. Published studies evaluating the benefit of clinical pharmacy services on therapeutic, safety, humanistic, and economic outcomes in hospital or community settings in Jordan were targeted. Two reviewers independently extracted and assessed risk of bias using a pre-published validated tool. The literature search identified 130 publications of which 21 full texts met predetermined inclusion criteria...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113636/evaluation-of-interventions-in-clinical-pharmacist-led-annual-medicare-wellness-visits-compared-with-usual-care
#5
Regine C Beliard, Jessica W Merrey
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate and compare the number and types of medication and non-medication-related interventions by clinical pharmacists and nonpharmacists conducting an Annual Medicare Wellness Visit (MWV). DESIGN: Multi-center, retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Two community primary care internal medicine clinics in urban Maryland. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who had a MWV performed January 2014 through October 2015...
November 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113634/pharmacy-diabetes-management-of-a-veteran-population-in-a-long-term-care-setting-a-program-evaluation
#6
Forest Hansen, Hilary Teeples, Jordan Csati, Suzanne M Gillespie
BACKGROUND: The benefits of an outpatient pharmacy diabetes clinic has been established, with improved patient outcomes and reduced total costs of care. We describe the benefits of an inpatient clinical pharmacy diabetes service within a Department of Veterans Affairs long-term care facility. METHODS: Patients were referred to the pharmacy diabetes monitoring program between February 2016 and August 2016. During this time, clinical pharmacy specialists managed all pharmacotherapy relating to diabetes care as well as all fingerstick monitoring frequencies and laboratory monitoring to achieve a prespecified, patient-specific A1C goal...
November 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106816/insulin-glargine-300-u-ml-is-associated-with-less-weight-gain-while-maintaining-glycemic-control-and-low-risk-of-hypoglycemia-compared-with-insulin-glargine-100-u-ml-in-an-aging-population-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Medha N Munshi, Jasvinder Gill, Jason Chao, Elena V Nikonova, Meenakshi Patel
OBJECTIVE: Assess efficacy, hypoglycemia and weight gain in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) treated with insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) or 100 U/mL (Gla-100) across different age groups. METHODS: Pooled data were generated for patients randomized to Gla-300 or Gla-100 in the EDITION 2 (NCT01499095) and 3 (NCT01676220) studies. In four age groups (<55, ≥55 to <60, ≥60 to <65, ≥65 years), glycated hemoglobin A1C (A1C), percentage of patients reaching A1C <7...
November 6, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102998/development-of-a-clinical-pharmacy-model-within-an-australian-home-nursing-service-using-co-creation-and-participatory-action-research-the-visiting-pharmacist-vip-study
#8
Rohan A Elliott, Cik Yin Lee, Christine Beanland, Dianne P Goeman, Neil Petrie, Barbara Petrie, Felicity Vise, June Gray
OBJECTIVE: To develop a collaborative, person-centred model of clinical pharmacy support for community nurses and their medication management clients. DESIGN: Co-creation and participatory action research, based on reflection, data collection, interaction and feedback from participants and other stakeholders. SETTING: A large, non-profit home nursing service in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Older people referred to the home nursing service for medication management, their carers, community nurses, general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists, a multidisciplinary stakeholder reference group (including consumer representation) and the project team...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100941/impact-of-clinical-pharmacist-services-delivered-via-telemedicine-in-the-outpatient-or-ambulatory-care-setting-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Joshua D Niznik, Harvey He, Sandra L Kane-Gill
BACKGROUND: Utilization of telemedicine allows pharmacists to extend the reach of clinical interventions, connecting them with patients and providers, but the overall impact of these services is under-studied. OBJECTIVE: Identify the impact of clinical pharmacist telemedicine interventions on clinical outcomes, subsequently defined as clinical disease management, patient self-management, and adherence, in outpatient or ambulatory settings. METHODS: A literature search was conducted from database inception through May 2016 in Medline, SCOPUS, and EMBASE...
October 28, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081271/telepharmacy-for-remote-hospital-inpatients-in-north-west-queensland
#10
Reanna McFarland
Clinical pharmacy service delivery is currently a significant challenge in remote areas. Mount Isa Base Hospital provides clinical pharmacy support to ten remote sites across an area of over 300,000 square kilometres. These sites do not have on-site pharmacists available and, due to the vast distances and unpredictable travel conditions, the outreach pharmacist from Mount Isa Base Hospital only visits sporadically. Provision of direct patient care and advice on medication safety with this model was restricted and insufficient...
December 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078708/a-clinical-pharmacy-pilot-within-a-precision-medicine-program-for-cancer-patients-and-review-of-related-pharmacist-clinical-practice
#11
Justin R Arnall, Robin Petro, Jai N Patel, LeAnne Kennedy
Purpose The implementation, benefits, and challenges of clinical pharmacist services within a Precision Medicine Program for cancer patients are described. By relating the practice model that was developed, this report may further encourage pharmacists at cancer centers nationally to be involved and lead precision-based care in the oncology setting. Summary A clinical pharmacist was integrated into a Precision Medicine Program for oncology patients using somatic testing to identify actionable mutations and apply targeted therapy to malignancies...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078707/continuous-care-provided-through-comprehensive-medication-management-in-an-acute-care-practice-model
#12
T David Marr, Nicole R Pinelli, Jamie A Jarmul, Kayla M Waldron, Stephen F Eckel, Jonathan D Cicci, Jill S Bates, Lindsey B Amerine
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy practice models that foster pharmacists' accountability for medication-related outcomes are imperative for the profession. Comprehensive medication management (CMM) is an opportunity to advance patient care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a CMM practice model in the acute care setting on organizational, patient, and financial outcomes. METHODS: Three adult service lines focused on at-risk patients identified using internal risk stratification methodology were implemented...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041950/convenience-without-disclosure-a-formative-research-study-of-a-proposed-integrated-methadone-and-antiretroviral-therapy-service-delivery-model-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#13
Alexis Cooke, Haneefa Saleem, Dorothy Mushi, Jessie Mbwambo, Saria Hassan, Barrot H Lambdin
BACKGROUND: Though timely initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a vital component of effective HIV prevention, care and treatment, people who inject drugs are less likely to receive ART than their non-drug using counterparts. In an effort to increase access to ART for people who inject drugs, we examined perceived benefits, challenges, and recommendations for implementing an integrated methadone and ART service delivery model at an opioid treatment program (OTP) clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
October 18, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024199/critical-care-pharmacy-workforce-uk-deployment-and-characteristics-in-2015
#14
Mark Borthwick, Greg Barton, Richard S Bourne, Catherine McKenzie
OBJECTIVE: Clinical pharmacists reduce medication errors and optimize the use of medication in critically ill patients, although actual staffing level and deployment of UK pharmacists is unknown. The primary aim was to investigate the UK deployment of the clinical pharmacy workforce in critical care and compare this with published standards. METHODS: An electronic data entry tool was created and distributed for UK critical care pharmacy services to record their critical care workforce deployment data...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977382/exploring-novel-diabetes-surveillance-methods-a-comparison-of-administrative-laboratory-and-pharmacy-data-case-definitions-using-thin
#15
Bushra Khokhar, Hude Quan, Gilaad G Kaplan, Sonia Butalia, Doreen Rabi
Background: The objective of this study was to identify patients with diabetes in a comprehensive primary care electronic medical records database using a number of different case definitions (clinical, pharmacy, laboratory definitions and a combination thereof) and understand the differences in patient populations being captured by each definition. Methods: Data for this population-based retrospective cohort study was obtained from The Health Information Network (THIN)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975485/introducing-clinical-pharmacy-services-to-cardiovascular-clinics-at-a-university-hospital-in-northern-cyprus
#16
Haider Al-Baghdadi, Çiğdem Koca Al-Baghdadi, Abdikarim Abdi, Onur Gültekin, Arijana Meštrović, Rumeysa Demirdamar, Barçın Özcem, Bilgen Başgut
Background Clinical pharmacists are the primary source of scientifically valid information and advice on the safe, rational, and cost-effective use of medications. However, ward-based clinical pharmacy services are not well optimized in Northern Cyprus. Objective Ward based clinical pharmacy services were introduced and evaluated in cardiovascular clinics. Setting Cardiology and cardiovascular surgery departments in a tertiary university hospital. Methods A prospective interventional study introduced and documented clinical pharmacy services for 120 days...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970610/experiences-and-perceptions-of-pharmacy-students-on-practical-skills-and-education-during-clinical-rotations-in-india
#17
Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Deepak Kumar Bandari, Sudhir Kumar Gogikar, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Abdulla Shehab
Objective. To investigate the overall experience of pharmacy students in India during their clinical rotations and their assessment of primary mentors in imparting the intended clinical skills. Methods. A prospective cross-sectional study using a self-administered survey instrument containing 34 items to obtain feedback from senior PharmD students in the latter three years of their six-year program from November 2014 to February 2015. Results. Of the 415 PharmD students invited for this survey, 261(63% response rate) completed the survey (54% males and 46% females)...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970463/prevalence-of-self-medication-among-students-of-pharmacy-and-medicine-colleges-of-a-public-sector-university-in-dammam-city-saudi-arabia
#18
Fatimah Ali Albusalih, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Pharmacy and medical students are expected to be more knowledgeable regarding rational use of medications as compared to the general public. A cross-sectional study was conducted among students of pharmacy and medicine colleges of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University in Dammam, Saudi Arabia using a survey questionnaire. The duration of the study was six months. The aim was to report self-medication prevalence of prescription and non-prescription drugs among pharmacy and medical students. The prevalence of self-medication in the pharmacy college was reported at 19...
September 4, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970458/current-status-and-future-suggestions-for-improving-the-pharm-d-curriculum-towards-clinical-pharmacy-practice-in-pakistan
#19
Saima Mahmood Malhi, Hassan Raza, Kiran Ajmal, Sumbul Shamim, Saniya Ata, Salman Farooq, Syed Muhammad Sharib, Sidrat-Ul Muntaha
Objectives & Background: Good curriculum is reflected as the backbone for standard universities to develop competitive professionals having great potential. Pharmacy education in Pakistan has gone through the same developmental stages as in other countries, but is still striving for improvement. In the present study, we want (i) to know the opinion on whether the current pharmacy curriculum requires any improvement in order to meet the training needs of pharmacy professionals regarding clinical knowledge and pharmacy practice; and (ii) to present some humble suggestions to decision-making authorities in order to improve it with respect to patient-focused programs (PFP)...
August 17, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970443/investigating-the-relative-significance-of-drug-related-problem-categories
#20
REVIEW
Lene Juel Kjeldsen, Trine Rune Høgh Nielsen, Charlotte Olesen
The aim of the review was to investigate whether an assessment of clinical significance can be related to specific drug-related problems (DRPs) and hence may assist in prioritizing individual categories of DRP categorization systems. The literature search using Google Scholar was performed for the period 1990 to 2013 and comprised primary research studies of clinical pharmacy interventions including DRP and clinical significance assessments. Two reviewers assessed the titles, abstracts, and full-text papers individually, and inclusion was determined by consensus...
June 9, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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