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"Clinical Pharmacy"

Erica Dimitropoulos, Stephanie Bertucci, Kara Wong
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that the combination of pharmacotherapy and psychological interventions in alcohol use disorder (AUD) treatment is superior to either alone. Despite this, medications remain highly underutilized in many outpatient treatment facilities. Pharmacists can serve as an excellent resource to aid in improving access to medications. METHODS: This study was a prospective, longitudinal evaluation of a pharmacist's role in a substance use disorder (SUD) clinic, specifically an intensive outpatient program (IOP)...
March 20, 2018: Substance Abuse
A Castronovo, F Gervais, C Mongaret, F Slimano
OBJECTIVES: While many international studies widely describe pharmacists' interventions (PIs) on drug-related problems (DRP) in community pharmacies, in France, these activities are underreported. The aim of this study is to describe the PI rate, given as the number of interventions in among all prescriptions reviewed during the study period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted in one French rural community pharmacy during a 7-month period. Age, sex, type of prescriber, type of problems, intervention and the outcome were prospectively recorded...
March 16, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Che-Wei Lin, Elizabeth H Chang, Daniel L Clinciu, Yun-Ting Peng, Wen-Chen Huang, Chien-Chih Wu, Jen-Chieh Wu, Yu-Chuan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) has been used in many areas of healthcare training over the years. However, it constantly needs to be upgraded and enhanced due to technological and teaching changes. We aim at implementing an integrative OSCE method which employs informatics via the virtual patient within the pharmacy education curriculum at Taipei Medical University to enhance the pharmacy students' competence for using and disseminating information and to also improve critical thinking and clinical reasoning...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Ali Ahmed, Maria Tanveer, Adeel Siddiqui, Gul Majid Khan
Clinical pharmacists should be increasingly important members of the healthcare team in developing countries such as Pakistan. Survey of literature was conducted to identify the determinants of clinical pharmacy in Pakistan. Lack of trained human capital, shortage of resources, patient overburden, inefficient pharmacy education curriculum, and limited job opportunities are some of the determinants of clinical pharmacy profession in developing countries. The underutilization of clinical pharmacists paves the way for an increased incidence of medication errors, adverse drug events, irrational prescribing, and suboptimal therapeutic outcomes...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Anan Jarab, Eman Alefishat, Tareq Mukattash, Karem Alzoubi, Sharrel Pinto
Background The quality of life has been shown to be poor in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Furthermore, patients' perspective and attitudes toward COPD and its impact on their quality of life have been remarkably ignored. Objective To explore patients' views and perceptions regarding COPD and its impact on their quality of life. Setting COPD clinic at the Royal Medical Services Hospital, Amman, Jordan. Method Focus groups discussions to explore patients' views and perceptions about COPD were conducted using purposive sampling technique till data saturation achieved...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Lelwala Guruge Thushani Shanika, Shaluka Jayamanne, Chandrani Nirmala Wijekoon, Judith Coombes, Dhineli Perera, Fahim Mohamed, Ian Coombes, Hithanadura Asita De Silva, Andrew Hamilton Dawson
Objective: To assess if a ward-based clinical pharmacy service resolving drug-related problems improved medication appropriateness at discharge and prevented drug-related hospital readmissions. Method: Between March and September 2013, we recruited patients with noncommunicable diseases in a Sri Lankan tertiary-care hospital, for a non-randomized controlled clinical trial. The intervention group received usual care and clinical pharmacy service. The intervention pharmacist made prospective medication reviews, identified drug-related problems and discussed recommendations with the health-care team and patients...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
(no author information available yet)
'Influence of genetic variants of IDH1, IDH2, TET2 and DNMT3A on cytarabine cytotoxicity in different populations' by Y. Wang & J. K. Lamba1 The above article from the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, published online on 21 November 2017 in Wiley Online Library (, has been retracted following discussions with the authors, the Journal Editors and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Retraction has been agreed as this paper was submitted under the joint names of Yan Wang, Jatinder K...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Stacie J Lampkin, Brooke Gildon, Sandra Benavides, Kelly Walls, Leslie Briars
Pediatric clinical pharmacists are an integral part of the health care team. By practicing in an ambulatory care clinic, they can reduce the risk of medication errors, improve health outcomes, and enhance patient care. Unfortunately, because of limited data, misconceptions surrounding the role of pharmacists, and reimbursement challenges, there may be difficulty in establishing or expanding pediatric clinical pharmacy services to an ambulatory care setting. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of considerations for establishing or expanding pharmacy services in a pediatric ambulatory care clinic...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Amanda J Hays, Jennifer R Smith, Rebecca M Guth, Susan E Samet
Drug formularies are a necessary part of medication management in hospitals and health systems. The system-level P&T committee at BJC HealthCare, a multihospital health system in St. Louis, Missouri, developed an approach to standardization of a system-wide formulary using available layered learners to complete the work in an expedited manner before implementation of a system-wide electronic medical record. The formulary standardization work was allocated to reviewers-including pharmacy students, residents, clinical pharmacy specialists, and pharmacy leadership-according to the complexity of the drug class under review, and a pharmacist was assigned to oversee and support the learner (student or resident) as class reviews were performed...
March 2018: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
Sofie Rahman Morgan, Nicole M Acquisto, Zlatan Coralic, Vicki Basalyga, Matthew Campbell, John J Kelly, Kevin Langkiet, Claire Pearson, Erick Sokn, Michael Phelan
The emergency department (ED) is a fast-paced, high-risk, and often overburdened work environment. Formal policy statements from several notable organizations, including the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), have recognized the importance of clinical pharmacists in the emergency medicine (EM) setting. EM clinical pharmacists work alongside emergency physicians and nurses at the bedside to optimize pharmacotherapy, improve patient safety, increase efficiency and cost-effectiveness of care, facilitate antibiotic stewardship, educate patients and clinicians, and contribute to scholarly efforts...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
T Bayoud, M Waheedi, J Lemay, A Awad
OBJECTIVES: To report the types and frequency of drug therapy problems (DTPs) identified and the physician acceptance of the clinical pharmacist interventions in a private hospital in Kuwait. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 3500 patients admitted to the hospital between December 2010 and April 2013. A structured approach was used to identify DTPs and recommend interventions. Data were analyzed using MAXQDA version 11. KEY FINDINGS: A total of 670 DTPs were identified and recommendations were proposed to treating physicians for each DTP...
February 20, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Katelyn Wassell, Josh Sullivan, Bryan Paul Jett, Jeffrey Zuber
PURPOSE: Results of a study to compare the impact of clinical pharmacy specialist (CPS) interventions with primary care physician (PCP) interventions in veterans with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in a rural setting are presented. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed examining veterans diagnosed with T2D with a glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c ) of ≥8% receiving treatment at a rural community-based outpatient clinic associated with the Memphis Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Grazielle Viana Ramos, André Miguel Japiassú, Fernando Augusto Bozza, Lusiele Guaraldo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a strategy to identify adverse drug events associated with drug-drug interactions by analyzing the prescriptions of critically ill patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included HIV/AIDS patients who were admitted to an intensive care unit between November 2006 and September 2008. Data were collected in two stages. In the first stage, three prescriptions administered throughout the entire duration of these patients' hospitalization were reviewed, with the Micromedex database used to search for potential drug-drug interactions...
February 19, 2018: Clinics
Dongning Yao, Liang Jiang, Yuankai Huang, Lei Chen, Yitao Wang, Xiaoyu Xi
This study aimed to identify and assess the factors that influence communication quality between clinical pharmacists and patients using a structural equation model based on the predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling constructs in educational/environmental diagnosis and evaluation-policy, regulatory, and organizational constructs in educational and ecological development model to identify the most effective path to increase their communication quality. A survey was conducted at 253 Class-A tertiary hospitals in China from March to December 2016...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Fatima Al Rasheed, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Objective: The objective was to report academic stress and prevalence of stress-related self-medication among undergraduate female students of health and nonhealth cluster colleges at a public sector university in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A 5-month cross-sectional survey was conducted in the university. The survey included the English version of 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) to report self-perceived stress. Student responses were analyzed by SPSS version 22 software...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Kimberly D Defoe, Jennifer Jupp, Tara Leslie
Objectives To describe key activities performed by a newly deployed clinical pharmacist in an outpatient pediatric hematology, oncology, transplant clinic. To demonstrate how utilization of the pharmacist evolved, as indicated by changes in frequency of key activities, during the first four months of integration. Design Clinical pharmacists were made consistently available in an outpatient clinic serving hematology, oncology, transplant patients and their families. A list of key activities, based on provincial clinical pharmacist standards, was created to provide a framework for the role...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Elise Phelps, Thomas Delate, Daniel M Witt, Paul B Shaw, Kathleen H McCool, Nathan P Clark
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy anticoagulation services have improved the quality of anticoagulant therapy and are associated with lower rates of bleeding and thromboembolism compared to usual care. Several studies have found that higher time-in-therapeutic range (TTR) during warfarin therapy is associated with better warfarin outcomes. However, whether increasing TTR over time within an established anticoagulation service is associated with further reduction in bleeding and thromboembolic outcomes is unknown...
January 21, 2018: Thrombosis Research
Minh-Nha Rhylie Nguyen, Cassandra Mosel, Luke E Grzeskowiak
Background: Medication errors represent a significant but often preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of interventions to reduce neonatal medication errors. Methods: A systematic review was undertaken of all comparative and noncomparative studies published in any language, identified from searches of PubMed and EMBASE and reference-list checking. Eligible studies were those investigating the impact of any medication safety interventions aimed at reducing medication errors in neonates in the hospital setting...
February 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
Melissa Johnson, Rebecca Jastrzab, Jared Tate, Kate Johnson, Elizabeth Hall-Lipsy, Rose Martin, Ann M Taylor, Terri Warholak
BACKGROUND: Although the current methods of medication therapy management (MTM) delivery have demonstrably improved therapeutic, safety, economic, and humanistic health outcomes, patient- and prescriber-level barriers persist, limiting its reach and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To assess telephonic- and community-based clinical pharmacy services in improving health indicators for rural, underserved patients. METHODS: In 2014, an established MTM provider created a novel, collaborative pilot program with independent retail and community health center pharmacies to provide comprehensive, telephonic MTM services to rural Arizonans...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Charlotta Vinterflod, Maria Gustafsson, Sofia Mattsson, Gisselle Gallego
BACKGROUND: In many countries, clinical pharmacists are part of health care teams that work to optimize drug therapy and ensure patient safety. However, in Sweden, clinical pharmacy services (CPSs) in hospital settings have not been widely implemented and regional differences exist in the uptake of these services. Physicians' attitudes toward CPSs and collaborating with clinical pharmacists may facilitate or hinder the implementation and expansion of the CPSs and the role of the clinical pharmacist in hospital wards...
January 24, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
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