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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907893/factors-impacting-complication-rates-for-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-from-2003-to-2015
#1
Eunice Yang, Esra Gucuk Ipek, Muhammad Balouch, Yuliya Mints, Jonathan Chrispin, Joseph E Marine, Ronald D Berger, Hiroshi Ashikaga, Jack Rickard, Hugh Calkins, Saman Nazarian, David D Spragg
AIMS: Complications from catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) are well described. Changing aspects of AF ablation including patient populations referred, institutional experience, and emerging catheter and pharmacological options may impact complication rates. We assessed procedural complication trends in AF ablation patients from 2003-2015 to identify what factors affect adverse event rates. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated consecutively enrolled patients undergoing initial AF ablation from 2003 through 2015...
October 6, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899945/transradial-approach-for-coronary-procedures-in-the-elderly-population
#2
REVIEW
Shamsi Aamir, Shah Mohammed, Rathore Sudhir
Transradial cardiac catheterisation has been reported to be more beneficial compared to other approaches with easier and safer post-procedural haemostasis, better patient comfort, earlier ambulation and possibility of performing procedure and discharge on the same day. There is only limited data examining transradial access in the elderly population. In this review we looked at the available literature to give an insight into how the transradial approach compared to the transfemoral and other approaches in the elderly population...
September 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895066/protocol-of-the-swiss-longitudinal-cohort-study-swicos-in-rural-switzerland
#3
Andreas W Schoenenberger, Franco Muggli, Gianfranco Parati, Augusto Gallino, Georg Ehret, Paolo M Suter, Renate Schoenenberger-Berzins, Therese J Resink, Paul Erne
INTRODUCTION: Increased longevity and consequent major changes in demographics and population lifestyles necessitate new approaches to reduce the burden of ageing-related diseases (including cardiovascular disease) and maintain an optimal quality of life. This study aims to examine and longitudinally follow health status and disease risk factors in a Swiss rural cohort, evaluating all health-related research and practice disciplines to assure development of new implementable and successful preventive strategies for healthy ageing...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888602/a-glycovariant-of-human-cd44-is-characteristically-expressed-on-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#4
Gisela Pachón-Peña, Conor Donnelly, Catalina Ruiz-Cañada, Adam Katz, Sonia Fernández-Veledo, Joan Vendrell, Robert Sackstein
The clinical effectiveness of systemically-administered human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) depends on their capacity to engage vascular endothelium. hMSCs derived from bone marrow (BM-hMSCs) natively lack endothelial binding capacity but express a CD44 glycovariant containing N-linked sialyllactosamines that can be α(1,3)-fucosylated using fucosyltransferase- VI (FTVI) to enforce sLe(X) decorations, thereby creating hematopoietic cell E-/L-selectin ligand (HCELL). HCELL expression programs potent shear-resistant adhesion of circulating cells to endothelial beds expressing E-selectin...
November 26, 2016: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886954/venous-access-site-closures-using-the-vascade-vascular-closure-system
#5
Eda Dou, Ronald Scott Winokur, Akhilesh Keshav Sista
This single-center, retrospective study describes using the VASCADE Vascular Closure System (Cardiva Medical, Inc, Santa Clara, California) to close 32 venous access sites in 21 consecutive patients (11 females; 10 males; age 45 y ± 19) after catheter-directed interventions. Sheath sizes were 5-10 F (8.7 F ± 1.7). Hemostasis was achieved in 30 of 32 deployments (93.8%). Complications were observed after 6 of 32 procedures, including 5 minor events in 4 patients and 1 major event in 1 patient which was likely unrelated to device deployment...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886362/balloon-assisted-venous-access-salvage-through-a-thrombosed-arteriovenous-graft
#6
Chen Pong Wong, Karthikeyan Damodharan, Thijs A J Urlings, Sivanathan Chandramohan
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining vascular access by means of radiological intervention has become the mainstay of management of patients with central venous stenoses and occlusions (CVO), which can be challenging. We present a case of balloon-assisted percutaneous puncture of an occluded left subclavian vein, through a thrombosed arteriovenous graft, for a tunneled dialysis catheter insertion. METHODS: A thrombosed left arm arteriovenous graft was accessed, and the occluded left subclavian vein was traversed with 0...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885351/coronary-angiography-safety-between-transradial-and-transfemoral-access
#7
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Vikas Mishra, Nasar Afdaali, Mukesh Jitendra Jha, Ashutosh Kumar, Mohammad Asif, Ramesh Thakur, Chandra Mohan Varma
Background and Aim. The aim of study was to evaluate safety, feasibility, and procedural variables of transradial approach compared with transfemoral approach in a standard population of patients undergoing coronary catheterization as one of the major criticisms of the transradial approach is that it takes longer overall procedure and fluoroscopy time, thereby causing more radiation exposure. Method. Between January 2015 and December 2015, a total of 1,997 patients in LPS Institute of Cardiology, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UP, India, undergoing coronary catheterization were randomly assigned to the transradial or transfemoral approach...
2016: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884849/access-hd-pilot-a-randomised-feasibility-trial-comparing-catheters-with-fistulas-in-elderly-patients-starting-haemodialysis
#8
Robert Quinn, Pietro Ravani
INTRODUCTION: The selection of the type of vascular access for haemodialysis is an important intervention question. However, only observational studies are available to inform decision-making in this area, and they are at high risk of selection bias. While a clinical trial comparing the effects of the 2 most frequently chosen strategies for haemodialysis access (fistulas and catheters) on patient important and 'hard' clinical end points is needed, the feasibility of such a trial is uncertain...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881526/towards-the-genetic-basis-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-the-beast-consortium-a-study-protocol
#9
Ioana Cotlarciuc, Thomas Marjot, Muhammad S Khan, Sini Hiltunen, Elena Haapaniemi, Tiina M Metso, Jukka Putaala, Susanna M Zuurbier, Matthijs C Brouwer, Serena M Passamonti, Paolo Bucciarelli, Emanuela Pappalardo, Tasmin Patel, Paolo Costa, Marina Colombi, Patrícia Canhão, Aleksander Tkach, Rosa Santacroce, Maurizio Margaglione, Giovanni Favuzzi, Elvira Grandone, Donatella Colaizzo, Kostas Spengos, Antonio Arauz, Amanda Hodge, Reina Ditta, Stephanie Debette, Marialuisa Zedde, Guillaume Pare, José M Ferro, Vincent Thijs, Alessandro Pezzini, Jennifer J Majersik, Ida Martinelli, Jonathan M Coutinho, Turgut Tatlisumak, Pankaj Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare cerebrovascular condition accounting for <1% of all stroke cases and mainly affects young adults. Its genetic aetiology is not clearly elucidated. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: To better understand the genetic basis of CVT, we have established an international biobank of CVT cases, Biorepository to Establish the Aetiology of Sinovenous Thrombosis (BEAST) which aims to recruit highly phenotyped cases initially of European descent and later from other populations...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866140/one-year-outcomes-with-two-suture-mediated-closure-devices-to-achieve-access-site-haemostasis-following-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#10
Julinda Mehilli, David Jochheim, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Konstantinos D Rizas, Hans Theiss, Nina Spenkuch, Magda Zadrozny, Moritz Baquet, Mohamed El-Mawardy, Takao Sato, Philipp Lange, Christian Kuppatt, Martin Greif, Jörg Hausleiter, Axel Bauer, Florian Schwarz, Maximilian Pichlmaier, Christian Hagl, Gert Richardt, Steffen Massberg
AIMS: In the current study we assess the impact of two different access-site suture-mediated closure devices (SMCD), ProGlide and Prostar, on vascular and bleeding complications after transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), as well as on long-term mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2008 to 2013, 1,022 patients underwent transfemoral TAVI in two German centres using ProGlide (n=506) and Prostar (n=516) SMCD to close the access site. The primary outcome was the incidence of peri-TAVI major vascular complications according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 (VARC-2) definitions...
November 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865711/use-of-an-eptfe-covered-nitinol-self-expanding-stent-graft-for-the-treatment-off-pre-closure-device-failure-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#11
Arie Steinvil, Nelson Bernardo, Toby Rogers, Edward Koifman, Kyle Buchanan, M Chadi Alraies, Christian Shults, Rebecca Torguson, Petros G Okubagzi, Augusto D Pichard, Lowell F Satler, Itsik Ben-Dor, Ron Waksman
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to describe our experience with the use of an ePTFE-covered nitinol self-expanding stent graft (GORE® VIABAHN® Endoprosthesis, Gore Medical, USA) placed in the common femoral artery for the treatment of suture-mediated pre-closure device failure following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Access site-related vascular complications (VC) following sheath removal related to pre-closure device failure during TAVR are common and treatment options may vary...
October 21, 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863361/transradial-approach-for-coronary-angiography-and-intervention-in-the-elderly-a-meta-analysis-of-777-841-patients
#12
Sami M Alnasser, Akshay Bagai, Sanjit S Jolly, Warren J Cantor, Payam Dehghani, Sunil V Rao, Asim N Cheema
BACKGROUND: Studies showing an advantage of transradial approach (TR) for coronary angiography and intervention (PCI) compared to the transfemoral approach (TF) predominantly included a younger population. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of published studies to determine the efficacy of TR in the elderly population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A comprehensive search identified 16 studies [3 randomized controlled studies, 13 observational] comprising 777,841 elderly patients undergoing PCI...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852478/transcatheter-mitral-valve-in-valve-therapy
#13
REVIEW
Jose F Condado, Brian Kaebnick, Vasilis Babaliaros
Valve-in-valve and valve-in-ring transcatheter mitral valve replacement can be used in for the treatment of inoperable patients with failing mitral surgical bioprosthesis or valve repairs. Preprocedural multi-image evaluation by a heart team must include transthoracic echocardiogram, transesophageal echocardiogram, and cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA). CTA is used to determine access site (transapical, transseptal, or transatrial), transcatheter valve size, and landing zone. Though complications can occur (ie, valve embolization, bleeding, or vascular complications), this less invasive procedure has a reported success rate of 70% to 100% and is now increasingly used...
January 2016: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849905/263-adequacy-of-intraosseous-vascular-access-insertion-sites-for-high-volume-fluid-infusion
#14
Tatiana Puga, Diana Montez, Thomas Philbeck, Chris Davlantes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816175/-transfemoral-tavi-procedure-in-women-minimally-invasive-technique
#15
H Benamer, B Chevalier, A Roy, M A Bouzid, C Perdrix, P Garot, T Hovasse, T Unterseeh, S Champagne, T Lefèvre
Demographic data point to a substantial proportion of women in the population of elderly patients with an increasing prevalence of aortic stenosis. Implantation of an aortic bioprosthesis via an endovascular approach known as Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients presenting with a symptomatic tight aortic stenosis (severe aortic stenosis) (AS) is an alternative therapeutic option to surgical aortic valve replacement in patients at high surgical risk or ineligible for surgery. The literature has shown that this technique seems to be particularly beneficial in female patients...
November 2, 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803954/clinical-outcomes-of-femoral-closure-compared-to-radial-compression-devices-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-the-ferari-study
#16
Christian Fastner, Michael Behnes, Melike Ünsal, Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Uzair Ansari, Kambis Mashayekhi, Ursula Hoffmann, Siegfried Lang, Jürgen Kuschyk, Martin Borggrefe, Ibrahim Akin
: This study aims to compare prospectively the differences of clinical outcomes being associated with a specific femoral closure (FC) compared to a radial compression (RC) device following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). This single-center, prospective observational study included consecutively 400 patients either treated by a specific FC (Angio-Seal™, St. Jude Medical, Inc., St. Paul, MN) or RC (TR Band(®), Terumo Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) device following PCI. The primary outcome was to evaluate overall, access site and non-access site bleedings, the secondary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurring within 30 days of follow-up...
November 1, 2016: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792437/preventing-intraluminal-occlusion-in-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters
#17
Jan Hitchcock
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are used in a variety of specialties. Infective and thrombotic complications are widely reported but little has been written about the complications of persistent withdrawal occlusion (PWO) or complete luminal occlusion in PICCs. An audit was conducted of all patients who had a PICC in situ for a 6-week period, using a combination of reviewing clinical documentation and local departmental databases, physical review of inpatients and discussion with the relevant clinical nurse specialists in haematology, oncology, outpatient antibiotic therapy and the vascular access team, to determine the degree of PWO or occlusion but also to review possible financial implications in the introduction of a more expensive product...
October 27, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791257/assessing-radiocephalic-wrist-arteriovenous-fistulas-of-obtuse-anastomosis-using-computational-fluid-dynamics-and-clinical-application
#18
Jinkee Lee, Sunho Kim, Sung-Min Kim, Ryungeun Song, Hyun Kyu Kim, Jang Sang Park, Sun Cheol Park
INTRODUCTION: A radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the best choice for achieving vascular access (VA) for hemodialysis, but this AVF has high rates of early failure due to juxta-anastomotic stenosis, making it impossible to use for dialysis. Low hemodynamic shear stress contributes to the pathophysiology of VA failure due to secondary thrombosis, stenosis, and re-occlusion after percutaneous intervention. METHODS: We used a computational fluid dynamics (CFDs) approach to evaluate the shear stress distribution and minimize its effects under various conditions including changes in the anastomosis angle...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791256/a-systematic-review-of-management-of-inadvertent-arterial-injury-during-central-venous-catheterisation
#19
Oliver G B Dixon, George E Smith, Daniel Carradice, Ian C Chetter
INTRODUCTION: Central venous catheterisation (CVC) is a technique commonly used to obtain vascular access and over five million CVCs are inserted annually. This systematic review of CVC-related arterial injury aims to compare outcomes reported with different management strategies. METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were followed. A search of Medline, Embase, Central and CINAHL was performed. Results were limited to papers in humans and in English with duplicates removed...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785881/comparative-data-of-single-versus-double-proglide-vascular-preclose-technique-after-percutaneous-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-from-the-optimized-catheter-valvular-intervention-ocean-tavi-japanese-multicenter-registry
#20
Atsuko Kodama, Masanori Yamamoto, Tetsuro Shimura, Ai Kagase, Yutaka Koyama, Norio Tada, Kensuke Takagi, Motoharu Araki, Futoshi Yamanaka, Shinichi Shirai, Yusuke Watanabe, Kentaro Hayashida
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of percutaneous arterial access site closure after percutaneous transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TF-TAVI) using single versus double Perclose ProGlide devices. BACKGROUNDS: Although suturing with the preclose technique has been widely adopted during TF-TAVI, the optimal vascular closure strategy is still under debate. METHODS: Data from 279 patients who underwent TF-TAVI, obtained from the Optimized CathEter vAlvular iNtervention (OCEAN-TAVI) Japanese multicenter registry...
October 27, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
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