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Ruifu Yang, Mingwu Zhou, Chaofeng Xing, Shimin Li, Li Song, Jia Chen, Yingjie Xiong, Kai Zhang
Objective: To expound the clinical effect of a new operation by transplanting double segment triangular fibula flap with vascular pedicle to repair the forefoot with lateral bone defect, and to study how to improve the operation method in the following stage. Methods: The inclusion criteria: More than 2 phalangeal and metatarsal bones defects of the lateral forefoot, widespread skin and soft tissue defects on pelma and dorsal foot, and destruction of the anterior aspect of foot arch, which seriously affects the foot function...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Elizabeth Wilson, Peter Cox, Karen Greaves, Siba Prosad Paul
Children with acute onset non-traumatic limp often present to emergency departments (EDs). The limp can occasionally be associated with medical emergencies such as septic arthritis and slipped upper femoral epiphysis but is often due to less severe conditions. This article discusses the common and self-limiting causes of acute onset of non-traumatic limp in children, such as transient synovitis, reactive arthritis, and benign acute childhood myositis. It also discusses more severe conditions, including septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, slipped upper femoral epiphysis, Perthes disease, malignancies and non-accidental injury...
March 9, 2018: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Tobias Hesper, Sarah D Bixby, Daniel A Maranho, Patricia Miller, Young-Jo Kim, Eduardo N Novais
BACKGROUND: Hip osteoarthritis has been reported in the contralateral hip in patients who had been treated for unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) during adolescence. Although this might be related to the presence of a mild deformity, the morphologic features of the contralateral hip in unilateral SCFE remains poorly characterized. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Do measurements of (1) femoral head-neck concavity (α angle and femoral head-neck offset), (2) epiphyseal extension into the metaphysis (epiphyseal extension ratio and epiphyseal angle), and (3) posterior tilt of the epiphysis (epiphyseal tilt angle) differ between the contralateral asymptomatic hips of patients treated for unilateral SCFE and hips of an age- and sex-matched control population without a history of hip disease? METHODS: From January 2005 to May 2015, 442 patients underwent surgical treatment for SCFE at our institution...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Stacy Yeh, Joseph Vayalumkal, Dominique Eustace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Kyu-Jin Cho, Kyung-Soon Park, Taek-Rim Yoon
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of our technique on further collapse of the femoral head in Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) stage II, patient's functional improvements, and analyze the survival rate of the affected hip. METHODS: Between June 2007 and March 2015, 24 hips diagnosed with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) were treated with our muscle pedicle bone grafting (MPBG) technique using anterior one-third of gluteus medius attached to the greater trochanter...
February 24, 2018: International Orthopaedics
L E Deeming, N J Beausoleil, K J Stafford, J R Webster, G Zobel
Numerical rating scales are frequently used in gait scoring systems as indicators of lameness in dairy animals. The gait scoring systems commonly used in dairy goats are based on 4-point scales that focus on detecting and judging the severity of a definite limp. An uneven gait, such as a shortened stride or not "tracking up," is arguably the precursor to the development of a limp; thus, identifying such changes in gait could provide opportunity for early treatment. The objectives of this study were (1) to develop a 5-point gait scoring system that included an "uneven gait" category and compare the distribution of gait scores generated using this system to scores generated using a 4-point system, and (2) to determine whether this system could be reliably used...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Jendrik Hardes, Georg Gosheger, Timo Budny
Bone sarcomas are extremely rare representing approximately 0.2% among all cancer types. Due to the rarity of these tumors both the patients and the physicians can overlook or misinterpret the first often unspecific symptoms of these tumors (pain, limping and swelling). Therefore, radiographic examination (X-ray and/or MRI) of the involved region in case of inexplicable symptoms is strongly recommended. The most common primary malignant bone tumor entity is osteosarcoma, followed by chondrosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma...
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
D A Maranho, Y-J Kim, K A Williams, E N Novais
Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of an anteverting triple periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of hip instability in skeletally immature patients with Down syndrome. Methods: We evaluated 16 patients (21 hips) with Down syndrome and hip instability who underwent an anteverting triple periacetabular osteotomy between 2007 and 2016. There were nine females and seven males with an average age of 7.4 years SD 2.0. We assessed the level of hip pain, gait ability and clinical stability at a minimum of one year after surgery...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Apeksha Chaturvedi, Usa Cain, Andrey Rupasov
Acute limp in a child presents a diagnostic conundrum and can result from a variety of causes. The underlying etiology is often referable to the hip, but the spine, abdomen, pelvis, or knee can be alternatively implicated. An adequate clinical history and satisfactory physical examination are often difficult in younger children. Consequently, there is disproportionate reliance on imaging to arrive at the correct diagnosis. The potential for rapid clinical deterioration and long-term sequelae is a risk with some of the conditions presenting with acute hip (septic hip, osteomyelitis)...
February 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
Wendi Wu, Huaqing Wang, Keli Li, J Pekka Nuorti, Dawei Liu, Disha Xu, Jiakai Ye, Jingshan Zheng, Chunxiang Fan, Ning Wen, Zhijie An
INTRODUCTION: Vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) is one of the most important adverse effects of vaccines that are in current use globally. The Chinese national adverse event following immunization information system (CNAEFIS) is a passive surveillance system which collects data on VAPP. AIMS: To describe the epidemiological characteristics of VAPP and estimate the risk of recipient VAPP in China. METHODS: We retrieved information from reported cases of recipient VAPP from CNAEFIS from 2010 to 2015, examined the demographic characteristics of the cases, and used administrative data on vaccination doses and the estimated number of births as denominators to calculate VAPP incidence...
January 25, 2018: Vaccine
Tedra S Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Pediatric Nursing
Hyeok Dong Lee, Seung Hoon Han, Si-Bog Park, Yong Ko, Kyu Hoon Lee
RATIONALE: We report the symptoms beginning with weakness and the clinical courses of a patient who was diagnosed with an intradural extramedullary bronchogenic cyst. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 44-year-old man visited the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation for walking difficulties characterized by limping due to muscle weakness of left lower extremity for 5 months and atrophy in left calf muscle. DIAGNOSES: Lumbar spine MRI was repeated, since radiating pain in the left hip and posterior thigh with low back pain developed 16 months later...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Adam E Fleischer, Shenche Hshieh, Ryan T Crews, Brett J Waverly, Jacob M Jones, Erin E Klein, Lowell Weil, Lowell Scott Weil
BACKGROUND: Metatarsal length is believed to play a role in plantar plate dysfunction, although the mechanism through which progressive injury occurs is still uncertain. We aimed to clarify whether length of the second metatarsal was associated with increased plantar pressure measurements in the forefoot while walking. METHODS: Weightbearing radiographs and corresponding pedobarographic data from 100 patients in our practice walking without a limp were retrospectively reviewed...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Hisashi Ikutomo, Koutatsu Nagai, Keiichi Tagomori, Namika Miura, Norikazu Nakagawa, Kensaku Masuhara
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fall-induced injuries and resulting deaths are a serious health problem among older adults. The most common risk factors for falls in older adults are muscle weakness, gait deficiencies, and balance deficits. Patients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis (OA) also have many hip dysfunctions, and these all have the potential to increase the risk of falls. However, the incidence and risk factors for falls in patients with end-stage hip OA remain unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of falls in women with end-stage hip OA and to identify risk factors for falls in this patient population...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Nilgun Kurucu, Canan Akyuz, Fatma Bilge Ergen, Bilgehan Yalcin, Kemal Kosemehmetoglu, Mehmet Ayvaz, Ali Varan, Burca Aydin, Tezer Kutluk
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a benign bone tumor. Curettage and bone grafting is the common treatment. Here, we retrospectively evaluate nine patients treated with denosumab. PROCEDURE: Nine patients with ABC, mostly pelvic and vertebral, treated with denosumab were analyzed retrospectively. A 70 mg/m2 denosumab dose was used weekly in the first month, and then monthly. Clinical and radiological responses to treatment were evaluated. RESULTS: In all patients, clinical symptoms including pain and limping regressed completely within 3 months...
December 29, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Jae Sik Yoon, Joon Sun Kang, Kyoung Ho Moon
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the mid-term results of primary cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) using Summit® stems. Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty-eight arthroplasties in 121 patients who were performed THA from December 2004 to March 2013, were reviewed retrospectively a minimum of 4 years follow-up (mean age, 60.3 years; mean postoperative follow up period, 86.3 months). For a clinical evaluation, the Harris hip score (HHS) was used to assess outcome...
December 2017: Hip & Pelvis
Adam Yan, Melanie Conway, Carolyn E Beck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Nikolaos Kontopodis, Stella Lioudaki, Christos Chronis, Paris Kalogerakos, George Lazopoulos, Alexandra Papaioannou, Christos V Ioannou
BACKGROUND: Critical limb ischemia (CLI) often results from multilevel occlusive disease. There are occasions where a patent profunda femoral artery (PFA) is the only target artery that can be used as outflow during reconstruction to bypass aortoiliac disease (AOID), with no further option for infrainguinal revascularization. We aim to report results of the use of PFA as the sole target vessel for the treatment of these patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective, single-center study including CLI patients treated during 36 months...
April 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Brian F Moore, Paul F Lachiewicz
Modern unipolar hip hemiarthroplasty, commonly used for displaced femoral neck fracture, is now modular, with both a variable length cobalt-chromium adapter-sleeve and large femoral head. Patients with these modular components may develop symptomatic trunnion corrosion, with elevated serum metal levels. We report the case of an 82-year-old woman, 5.5 years after a modular unipolar hip hemiarthroplasty, who presented with a 4-month history of hip pain and limp. Evaluation showed elevated serum cobalt and chromium levels and an acetabular cyst...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
Mehrnoush Hassas Yeganeh, Khosro Rahmani, Shokuh Hashemi, Seyed Hassan Tonekaboni, Reza Sinae, Mohammad Reza Fathi, Reza Shiari
Limp is described as any deviation from a normal gait pattern for the child's age. Limping takes many forms and is one of the most enigmatic complaints in pediatric medicine. It is never normal, and both benign and life-threatening illnesses can present with limp. The provisional diagnosis can be a challenge to establish even after history, physical, and laboratory examinations.
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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