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Deakin University

Brendan P Condon, Paul S Worley, John R Condon, David J Prideaux
OBJECTIVES: The Deakin University School of Medicine commenced in 2008 as a rurally focused medical school in south-eastern Australia. This research was designed to examine the effectiveness of the school's adoption of small regional clinical school settings. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of the first two cohorts of students was employed to assess academic performance at each of five geographically dispersed clinical training sites, with varying student cohort sizes...
December 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
Ashlee M Hendy, Alex Tillman, Timo Rantalainen, Makii Muthalib, Liam Johnson, Dawson J Kidgell, Daniel Wundersitz, Peter G Enticott, Wei-Peng Teo
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) results from a loss of dopamine in the brain, leading to movement dysfunctions such as bradykinesia, postural instability, resting tremor and muscle rigidity. Furthermore, dopamine deficiency in PD has been shown to result in maladaptive plasticity of the primary motor cortex (M1). Progressive resistance training (PRT) is a popular intervention in PD that improves muscular strength and results in clinically significant improvements on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS)...
2016: Trials
Adam D Walsh, Adrian J Cameron, David Crawford, Kylie D Hesketh, Karen J Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between dietary intakes of fathers and their children at child age 20 months, 3·5 years and 5 years, and to determine if fathers' intake predicts change in children's intake between 20 months and 3·5 and 5 years of age. DESIGN: The diets of fathers and their first-born children participating in the longitudinal Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program were assessed using FFQ and three 24 h recalls, respectively...
August 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Mandy Truong, Sharon A Bentley, Genevieve A Napper, Daryl J Guest, Mitchell D Anjou
BACKGROUND: This study is an investigation of how Australian and New Zealand schools of optometry prepare students for culturally competent practice. The aims are: (1) to review how optometric courses and educators teach and prepare their students to work with culturally diverse patients; and (2) to determine the demographic characteristics of current optometric students and obtain their views on cultural diversity. METHODS: All Australian and New Zealand schools of optometry were invited to participate in the study...
November 2014: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Nicolas Droste, Lorraine Tonner, Lucy Zinkiewicz, Amy Pennay, Dan I Lubman, Peter Miller
BACKGROUND: Coconsumption of alcohol with energy drinks (AED) is becoming increasingly popular among adolescents and young adults and has been associated with a range of harms. Motivations related to determined drunkenness and hedonistic drinking are potentially important in explaining both alcohol and AED consumption, given that a relationship has been identified between AED use and heavy alcohol consumption. This study aimed to explore motives for combined AED consumption, as well as their relationship with alcohol dependence and experiences of harm and aggression...
July 2014: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Mark G Brown, Ron S Gold
This study compared spontaneous cognitive responses to a positively vs. negatively framed health message. Deakin University students (n = 51) read one of two versions of a message concerning a type of heart disease. In the negative condition, the message focused on the prospect of experiencing heart disease; in the positive condition, it focused on the prospect of avoiding heart disease. Participants completed a thought-listing task, reporting any thought that occurred to them while they were reading the message...
2014: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Paul S Francis, Pavel N Nesterenko, Mirek Macka, R Andrew Shalliker, Ian D McKelvie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2013: Analytica Chimica Acta
Diane Phillips, Helen Forbes, Maxine Duke
This paper begins with a literature review of blended learning approaches, including the creation of learning spaces in the online environment and the model of community of inquiry and collaborative learning promoted by Garrison and others. This model, comprising of three elements including 'social presence', 'cognitive presence' and 'teaching presence', guides academics in the development and delivery of quality programs designed to enhance each student's experience of their course. The second part of this paper is the application of blended learning for the Deakin University Master of Nursing Practice (Nurse Practitioner), including a range of online independent learning activities, Elluminate Live use (a real time online program) and on-campus contact with students...
2013: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
Alexandra M Livernois, Shafagh A Waters, Janine E Deakin, Jennifer A Marshall Graves, Paul D Waters
X chromosome inactivation in eutherian mammals has been thought to be tightly controlled, as expected from a mechanism that compensates for the different dosage of X-borne genes in XX females and XY males. However, many X genes escape inactivation in humans, inactivation of the X in marsupials is partial, and the unrelated sex chromosomes of monotreme mammals have incomplete and gene-specific inactivation of X-linked genes. The bird ZW sex chromosome system represents a third independently evolved amniote sex chromosome system with dosage compensation, albeit partial and gene-specific, via an unknown mechanism (i...
2013: PLoS Genetics
Kylie Ball, Sarah A McNaughton, Ha Le, Nick Andrianopoulos, Victoria Inglis, Briohny McNeilly, Irene Lichomets, Alba Granados, David Crawford
BACKGROUND: There is a need for evidence on the most effective and cost-effective approaches for promoting healthy eating among groups that do not meet dietary recommendations for good health, such as those with low incomes or experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage. This paper describes the ShopSmart 4 Health study, a randomised controlled trial conducted by Deakin University, Coles Supermarkets and the Heart Foundation, to investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a skill-building intervention for promoting increased purchasing and consumption of fruits and vegetables amongst women of low socioeconomic position (SEP)...
2013: BMC Public Health
Eleanor S Freshwater, Phillip Dickinson, Robert Crouch, Charles D Deakin, C Andy Eynon
BACKGROUND: In November 2011, University Hospital Southampton (UHS), now a major trauma centre, opened its onsite helipad, allowing patients to be brought to the emergency department (ED) directly by air ambulance. Prior to this, helicopters were required to land at a local playing field and the patient had to be transferred by land ambulance. This study aims to investigate the impact this change in practice has had on the flow of patients to the ED. METHODS: The authors completed a retrospective case analysis of the first 100 patients brought directly to UHS by helicopter...
February 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Stephen P McKenzie, Craig S Hassed, Jacqui L Gear
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is a technique for training people to pay full attention and to fully accept the reality of what they are paying attention to. The clinical efficacy of mindfulness has been increasingly demonstrated during the last two decades. Very little research, however, has been undertaken on health professionals' and students of health professions' knowledge of and attitudes towards mindfulness. These may affect the current and future level of use of a technique that offers important clinical advantages...
November 2012: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Diane Phillips, Maxine Duke, Cate Nagle, Susie Macfarlane, Gery Karantzas, Denise Patterson
BACKGROUND: There are challenges for midwifery students in developing skill and competency due to limited placements in antenatal clinics. The Virtual Maternity Clinic, an online resource, was developed to support student learning in professional midwifery practice. OBJECTIVES: Identifying students' perceptions of the Virtual Maternity Clinic; learning about the impact of the Virtual Maternity Clinic on the students' experience of its use and access; and learning about the level of student satisfaction of the Virtual Maternity Clinic...
October 2013: Nurse Education Today
Adam J Rock, Fiona E Permezel, Lance Storm
CONTEXT: Previous research has demonstrated the effects of ostensible subtle energy on physical systems and subjective experience. However, one subtle energy technique that has been neglected, despite anecdotal support for its efficacy, is Quantum BioEnergetics (QBE). Furthermore, the influence of paranormal belief and experience (either real belief/experience or suggested belief/experience) on subtle energy effects remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate experimentally the effects of distant QBE healing, and paranormal belief/experience, on mood...
March 2012: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Peter Miller, Darren Palmer, Nicolas Droste, Jenny Tindall, Karen Gillham, Anders Sonderlund, Emma McFarlane, Florentine de Groot, Amy Sawyer, Daniel Groombridge, Christophe Lecathelinais, John Wiggers
BACKGROUND: This project will provide a comprehensive investigation into the prevalence of alcohol-related harms and community attitudes in the context of community-based interventions being implemented to reduce harm in two regional centres of Australia. While considerable experimentation and innovation to address these harms has occurred in both Geelong and Newcastle, only limited ad-hoc documentation and analysis has been conducted on changes in the prevalence of harm as a consequence, leaving a considerable gap in terms of a systematic, evidence-based analysis of changes in harm over time and the need for further intervention...
2011: BMC Research Notes
Louise B Mathews, Marj M Moodie, Annie M Simmons, Boyd A Swinburn
BACKGROUND: Evidence on interventions for preventing unhealthy weight gain in adolescents is urgently needed. The aim of this paper is to describe the process evaluation for a three-year (2005-2008) project conducted in five secondary schools in the East Geelong/Bellarine region of Victoria, Australia. The project, 'It's Your Move!' aimed to reduce unhealthy weight gain by promoting healthy eating patterns, regular physical activity, healthy body weight, and body size perception amongst youth; and improve the capacity of families, schools, and community organisations to sustain the promotion of healthy eating and physical activity in the region...
2010: BMC Public Health
A Colin Bell, Anne Simmons, Andrea M Sanigorski, Peter J Kremer, Boyd A Swinburn
In spite of greater awareness of the need for action to reduce obesity, the evidence on sustainable community approaches to prevent childhood and adolescent obesity is surprisingly sparse. This paper describes the design and methodological components of the Sentinel Site for Obesity Prevention, a demonstration site in the Barwon-South West region of Victoria, Australia, that aims to build the programs, skills and evidence necessary to attenuate and eventually reverse the obesity epidemic in children and adolescents...
December 2008: Health Promotion International
Jules M Ranz, Susan M Deakins, Stephanie M LeMelle, Stephen D Rosenheck, Sara L Kellermann
As the oldest, largest, and best known program for training psychiatrists to become public-sector leaders, the Columbia University Public Psychiatry Fellowship (PPF) at New York State Psychiatric Institute has frequently been consulted by other departments of psychiatry planning public and community fellowship programs. PPF's faculty has developed seven core elements for such training programs. The fellowship's longevity and the career paths of its graduates suggest that these core elements represent a best-practices model for fellowship training in public-community psychiatry...
July 2008: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Charles D Deakin, Vinu Paul, Emma Fall, Graham W Petley, Fizz Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Supplementary oxygen is used routinely during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). High ambient oxygen levels from ventilation circuits have caused fatal fires and explosions. The Lund University Cardiopulmonary Assist System (LUCAS) device is driven by > 70 l min(-1) oxygen which is also likely to increase ambient oxygen concentrations and cause similar risk of fire and explosion. This study used simulated CPR with a LUCAS device to measure resulting ambient oxygen concentrations and assess safety of the device...
August 2007: Resuscitation
W B Runciman, J A H Williamson, A Deakin, K A Benveniste, K Bannon, P D Hibbert
More needs to be done to improve safety and quality and to manage risks in health care. Existing processes are fragmented and there is no single comprehensive source of information about what goes wrong. An integrated framework for the management of safety, quality and risk is needed, with an information and incident management system based on a universal patient safety classification. The World Alliance for Patient Safety provides a platform for the development of a coherent approach; 43 desirable attributes for such an approach are discussed...
December 2006: Quality & Safety in Health Care
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