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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686751/leadership-training-in-graduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Brett Sadowski, Sarah Cantrell, Adam Barelski, Patrick G O'Malley, Joshua D Hartzell
Background : Leadership is a critical component of physician competence, yet the best approaches for developing leadership skills for physicians in training remain undefined. Objective : We systematically reviewed the literature on existing leadership curricula in graduate medical education (GME) to inform leadership program development. Methods : Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, we searched MEDLINE, ERIC, EMBASE, and MedEdPORTAL through October 2015 using search terms to capture GME leadership curricula...
April 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607333/the-educational-effects-of-mobile-learning-on-students-of-medical-sciences-a-systematic-review-in-experimental-studies
#2
Hamid Reza Koohestani, Seyed Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Ladan Fata, Fazlollah Ahmadi
Introduction: The demand for mobile learning in the medical science educational program is increasing. The present review study gathers evidence highlighted by the experimental studies on the educational effects of mobile learning for medical science students. Methods: The study was carried out as a systematic literature search published from 2007 to July 2017 in the databases PubMed/Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Knowledge (Thomson Reuters) , Educational Resources and Information Center (ERIC), EMBASE (Elsevier), Cochrane library, PsycINFO and Google Scholar...
April 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583061/correction-to-green-et-al-test-enhanced-learning-in-health-professions-education-a-systematic-review-beme-guide-no-48
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457926/the-contribution-of-theory-to-the-design-delivery-and-evaluation-of-interprofessional-curricula-beme-guide-no-49
#4
Sarah Hean, Christopher Green, Elizabeth Anderson, Debra Morris, Carol John, Richard Pitt, Cath O'Halloran
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional curricula have often lacked explicit reference to theory despite calls for a more theoretically informed field that illuminates curricular assumptions and justifies curricular practices. AIM: To review the contributions of theory to the design, delivery, and evaluation of interprofessional curricula. METHODS: Four databases were searched (1988-2015). Studies demonstrating explicit and a high-quality contribution of theory to the design, delivery or evaluation of interprofessional curricula were included...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390949/test-enhanced-learning-in-health-professions-education-a-systematic-review-beme-guide-no-48
#5
Michael L Green, Jeremy J Moeller, Judy M Spak
BACKGROUND: Cognitive psychology studies demonstrate that subjects who attempt to recall information show better learning, retention, and transfer than subjects who spend the same time studying the same material (test-enhanced learning, TEL). We systematically reviewed TEL interventions in health professions education. METHODS: We searched 13 databases, 14 medical education journals, and reference lists. Inclusion criteria included controlled studies of TEL that compared TEL to studying the same material or to a different TEL strategy...
April 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172813/a-critical-scoping-review-of-the-connections-between-social-mission-and-medical-school-admissions-beme-guide-no-47
#6
Rachel H Ellaway, Rebecca Malhi, Sameer Bajaj, Ian Walker, Douglas Myhre
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing focus on the social accountability of medical schools, there has been no substantive review of admissions related to the social mission of medical schools. This paper reports on a critical scoping review of the connections between social mission and medical school admissions. METHODS: Searches of seven bibliographic databases identified 1258 unique articles. After filtering for relevance, 71 articles were considered for final review...
March 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094626/workplace-learning-through-collaboration-in-primary-healthcare-a-beme-realist-review-of-what-works-for-whom-and-in-what-circumstances-beme-guide-no-46
#7
Fien Mertens, Esther de Groot, Loes Meijer, Johan Wens, Mary Gemma Cherry, Myriam Deveugele, Roger Damoiseaux, Ann Stes, Peter Pype
BACKGROUND: Changes in healthcare practice toward more proactive clinical, organizational and interprofessional working require primary healthcare professionals to learn continuously from each other through collaboration. This systematic review uses realist methodology to consolidate knowledge on the characteristics of workplace learning (WPL) through collaboration by primary healthcare professionals. METHODS: Following several scoping searches, five electronic bibliographic databases were searched from January 1990 to December 2015 for relevant gray and published literature written in English, French, German and Dutch...
February 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023534/bewith-a-between-within-method-to-discover-relationships-between-cancer-modules-via-integrated-analysis-of-mutual-exclusivity-co-occurrence-and-functional-interactions
#8
Phuong Dao, Yoo-Ah Kim, Damian Wojtowicz, Sanna Madan, Roded Sharan, Teresa M Przytycka
The analysis of the mutational landscape of cancer, including mutual exclusivity and co-occurrence of mutations, has been instrumental in studying the disease. We hypothesized that exploring the interplay between co-occurrence, mutual exclusivity, and functional interactions between genes will further improve our understanding of the disease and help to uncover new relations between cancer driving genes and pathways. To this end, we designed a general framework, BeWith, for identifying modules with different combinations of mutation and interaction patterns...
October 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720128/the-utility-of-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-mini-cex-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#9
Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad Jalili, Mandana Shirazi, Rasoul Masoomi, Saharnaz Nedjat, John Norcini
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequently used assessment tools that measure the trainees' performance in workplace is the mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX), in which an expert observes and rates the actual performance of trainees. Several primary studies have evaluated the effectiveness of mini-CEX by assessing its educational and psychometric properties. The objective of this BEME review is to explore, analyze, and synthesize the evidence considering the utility of the mini-CEX for assessing undergraduate and postgraduate medical trainees...
July 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562193/mentoring-relationships-between-senior-physicians-and-junior-doctors-and-or-medical-students-a-thematic-review
#10
Julia Huina Sng, Yiying Pei, Ying Pin Toh, Tan Ying Peh, Shirlyn Huishan Neo, Lalit Kumar Radha Krishna
INTRODUCTION: Mentoring relationships are pivotal to the outcome of the mentoring process. This thematic review seeks to study the key aspects of mentoring relationships between senior physicians and junior doctors and/or medical students to inform efforts to improve mentoring programs. METHODS: Literature search was performed on publications across PubMed, ERIC, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, OVID and ScienceDirect databases between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2015 by three independent reviewers...
May 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485686/best-evidence-medical-education-beme-review-process-redesigned-for-methodological-rigor-shorter-timeline-and-author-support
#11
LETTER
Janet Corral, Sara Mortaz Hejri, Susan van Schalkwyk, Morris Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261392/geriatrics-curricula-for-internal-and-family-medicine-residents-assessing-study-quality-and-learning-outcomes
#12
REVIEW
Huai Yong Cheng, Molly Davis
BACKGROUND : Prior reviews of geriatrics curricula for internal medicine (IM) and family medicine (FM) residents have not evaluated study quality or assessed learning objectives or specific IM or FM competencies. OBJECTIVE : This review of geriatrics curricula for IM and FM residents seeks to answer 3 questions: (1) What types of learning outcomes were measured? (2) How were learning outcomes measured? and (3) What was the quality of the studies? METHODS : We evaluated geriatrics curricula that reported learning objectives or competencies, teaching methods, and learning outcomes, and those that used a comparative design...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129720/effective-methods-of-teaching-and-learning-in-anatomy-as-a-basic-science-a-beme-systematic-review-beme-guide-no-44
#13
REVIEW
C Dominique Losco, William D Grant, Anthony Armson, Amanda J Meyer, Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: Anatomy is a subject essential to medical practice, yet time committed to teaching is on the decline, and resources required to teach anatomy is costly, particularly dissection. Advances in technology are a potential solution to the problem, while maintaining the quality of teaching required for eventual clinical application. AIM: To identify methods used to teach anatomy, including those demonstrated to enhance knowledge acquisition and retention. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, Academic OneFile, ProQuest, SAGE journals and Scopus were search from the earliest entry of each database to 31 August 2015...
March 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626840/tools-for-structured-team-communication-in-pre-registration-health-professions-education-a-best-evidence-medical-education-beme-review-beme-guide-no-41
#14
REVIEW
Sharon Buckley, Lucy Ambrose, Elizabeth Anderson, Jamie J Coleman, Marianne Hensman, Christine Hirsch, James Hodson, David Morley, Sarah Pittaway, Jonathan Stewart
INTRODUCTION: Calls for the inclusion of standardized protocols for information exchange into pre-registration health professions curricula have accompanied their introduction into clinical practice. In order to help clinical educators respond to these calls, we have reviewed educational interventions for pre-registration students that incorporate one or more of these ?tools for structured communication?. METHODS: Searches of 10 databases (1990?2014) were supplemented by hand searches and by citation searches (to January 2015)...
October 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626710/a-beme-best-evidence-in-medical-education-review-of-the-use-of-workplace-based-assessment-in-identifying-and-remediating-underperformance-among-postgraduate-medical-trainees-beme-guide-no-43
#15
REVIEW
Aileen Barrett, Rose Galvin, Yvonne Steinert, Albert Scherpbier, Ann O'Shaughnessy, Mary Horgan, Tanya Horsley
INTRODUCTION: The extent to which workplace-based assessment (WBA) can be used as a facilitator of change among trainee doctors has not been established; this is particularly important in the case of underperforming trainees. The aim of this review is to examine the use of WBA in identifying and remediating performance among this cohort. METHODS: Following publication of a review protocol a comprehensive search of eight databases took place to identify relevant articles published prior to November 2015...
December 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602533/the-failure-to-fail-underperforming-trainees-in-health-professions-education-a-beme-systematic-review-beme-guide-no-42
#16
REVIEW
Monica Yepes-Rios, Nancy Dudek, Rita Duboyce, Jerri Curtis, Rhonda J Allard, Lara Varpio
BACKGROUND: Many clinical educators feel unprepared and/or unwilling to report unsatisfactory trainee performance. This systematic review consolidates knowledge from medical, nursing, and dental literature on the experiences and perceptions of evaluators or assessors with this failure to fail phenomenon. METHODS: We searched the English language literature in CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE from January 2005 to January 2015. Qualitative and quantitative studies were included...
November 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27420193/a-systematic-review-of-faculty-development-initiatives-designed-to-enhance-teaching-effectiveness-a-10-year-update-beme-guide-no-40
#17
REVIEW
Yvonne Steinert, Karen Mann, Brownell Anderson, Bonnie Maureen Barnett, Angel Centeno, Laura Naismith, David Prideaux, John Spencer, Ellen Tullo, Thomas Viggiano, Helena Ward, Diana Dolmans
BACKGROUND: This review, which focused on faculty development initiatives designed to improve teaching effectiveness, synthesized findings related to intervention types, study characteristics, individual and organizational outcomes, key features, and community building. METHODS: This review included 111 studies (between 2002 and 2012) that met the review criteria. FINDINGS: Overall satisfaction with faculty development programs was high. Participants reported increased confidence, enthusiasm, and awareness of effective educational practices...
August 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146438/a-beme-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-interprofessional-education-beme-guide-no-39
#18
REVIEW
Scott Reeves, Simon Fletcher, Hugh Barr, Ivan Birch, Sylvain Boet, Nigel Davies, Angus McFadyen, Josette Rivera, Simon Kitto
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) aims to bring together different professionals to learn with, from, and about one another in order to collaborate more effectively in the delivery of safe, high-quality care for patients/clients. Given its potential for improving collaboration and care delivery, there have been repeated calls for the wider-scale implementation of IPE across education and clinical settings. Increasingly, a range of IPE initiatives are being implemented and evaluated which are adding to the growth of evidence for this form of education...
July 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145182/which-professional-non-technical-competencies-are-most-important-to-the-success-of-graduate-veterinarians-a-best-evidence-medical-education-beme-systematic-review-beme-guide-no-38
#19
REVIEW
Martin A Cake, Melinda A Bell, Julie C Williams, Fiona J L Brown, Marshall Dozier, Susan M Rhind, Sarah Baillie
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing prominence of professional (non-technical) competencies in veterinary education, the evidence to support their importance to veterinary graduates is unclear. AIM: To summarize current evidence within the veterinary literature for the importance of professional competencies to graduate success. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted (CAB Abstracts, Web of Science, PubMed, PsycINFO, ERIC, Australian and British Education Index, Dissertations & Theses) from 1988 to 2015 and limited to the veterinary discipline (veterinar* term required)...
June 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050026/evidence-regarding-the-utility-of-multiple-mini-interview-mmi-for-selection-to-undergraduate-health-programs-a-beme-systematic-review-beme-guide-no-37
#20
Eliot L Rees, Ashley W Hawarden, Gordon Dent, Richard Hays, Joanna Bates, Andrew B Hassell
BACKGROUND: In the 11 years since its development at McMaster University Medical School, the multiple mini-interview (MMI) has become a popular selection tool. We aimed to systematically explore, analyze and synthesize the evidence regarding MMIs for selection to undergraduate health programs. METHODS: The review protocol was peer-reviewed and prospectively registered with the Best Evidence Medical Education (BEME) collaboration. Thirteen databases were searched through 34 terms and their Boolean combinations...
May 2016: Medical Teacher
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