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Ocular rosacea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183148/ten-year-incidence-and-prevalence-of-clinically-diagnosed-blepharitis-in-south-korea-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Min Jae Kang, Moonjung Choi, Kyoung Yul Seo, Sung Soo Kim
IMPORTANCE: Blepharitis is one of the most common conditions. However, no study has yet evaluated the epidemiology by evaluating a large population-based sample. BACKGROUND: To evaluate the incidence and prevalence of clinically diagnosed blepharitis in South Korea. DESIGN: Nationwide population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: We investigated the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort, a representative 1 million-sample of the Korean population, for patients diagnosed with blepharitis according to the Korean Classification of Diseases...
February 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170535/activation-of-p38-and-erk-mitogen-activated-protein-kinases-signaling-in-ocular-rosacea
#2
Edward J Wladis, Supraja Swamy, Alyssa Herrmann, Jinhong Yang, J Andrew Carlson, Alejandro P Adam
Purpose: Rosacea-related cutaneous inflammation is a common cause of ocular surface disease. Currently, there are no specific pharmacologic therapies to treat ocular rosacea. Here, we aimed at determining the differences in intracellular signaling activity in eyelid skin from patients with and without ocular rosacea. Methods: This was an observational, comparative case series including 21 patients undergoing lower lid ectropion surgery at one practice during 2013 and 2014 (18 patients with rosacea, 13 control patients), and 24 paraffin-embedded archival samples from Albany Medical Center, selected randomly (12 patients with rosacea, 12 control patients)...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132878/emerging-strategies-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-proceedings-of-the-ocean-group-meeting
#3
Gerd Geerling, Christophe Baudouin, Pasquale Aragona, Maurizio Rolando, Kostas G Boboridis, José M Benítez-Del-Castillo, Yonca A Akova, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Marc Labetoulle, Martin Steinhoff, Elisabeth M Messmer
Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is a common and chronic disorder that has a significant adverse impact on patients' quality of life. It is a leading cause of evaporative dry eye disease (DED), as meibomian glands play an important role in providing lipids to the tear film, which helps to retard the evaporation of tears from the ocular surface. MGD is also often present in conjunction with primary aqueous-deficient DED. Obstructive MGD, the most commonly observed type of MGD, is the main ocus of this article...
January 26, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091390/demodex-spp-infestation-associated-with-treatment-resistant-chalazia-and-folliculitis
#4
Ulviye Güvendi Akçınar, Emine Ünal, Metin Akpınar
Demodecidosis is an ectoparasitosis of pilosebaceous unit caused by demodex mites. The disease may be a primary skin disease or a secondary disease to inflammatory dermatoses such as folliculitis and rosacea. Demodex spp. blepharitis is an infectious ocular disease that is common but always neglected. These mites contain lipase enzymes that help carry bacteria on the surface. The infestation of Demodex spp. has increasingly become a public health concern. A 29-year-old male patient was admitted to our dermatology clinic with a complaint of papules and pustules on his face, which started 4 years ago...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039671/ocular-acne-rosacea-in-tertiary-eye-center-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Mohammad A Al-Amry, Huda A Al-Ghadeer
PURPOSE: To report the most common presenting signs and symptoms of ocular rosacea for timely diagnosis and management. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 23 patients with a diagnosis of acne rosacea or a non-specific diagnosis was performed at a tertiary eye hospital. Patients with lid changes such as recurrent blepharitis; meibomianitis; recurrent chalazia; facial skin change such as papules, telangiectatic blood vessels, and/or rhinophyma were included...
December 30, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997728/azathioprine-induced-rosacea
#6
M Richard, J Seneschal, A Taïeb
In a recent study from our department 7/54 adult atopic dermatitis patients treated with systemic immunosuppressants were referred by ophthalmologists because of severe ocular involvement keratoconjunctivitis with or without keratoconus associated with milder skin symptoms (2). We report the case of a woman affected by atopic dermatitis and asthma in childhood who developed at 63 years of age conjunctivitis associated with blepharitis without causative contact allergen identification at skin testing. She received multiple topical and systemic treatments including cyclosporine 2mg/kg/day stopped after 4 days because of digestive adverse effects...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861741/rosacea-treatment-update-recommendations-from-the-global-rosacea-consensus-rosco-panel
#7
M Schaller, L Almeida, A Bewley, B Cribier, N Dlova, G Kautz, M Mannis, H Oon, M Rajagopalan, M Steinhoff, D Thiboutot, P Troielli, G Webster, Y Wu, E van Zuuren, J Tan
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is currently treated according to subtypes. As this does not adequately address the patient spectrum of clinical presentation (phenotypes), it has implications for patient management. The ROSacea COnsensus (ROSCO) panel was established to address this issue. OBJECTIVES: To incorporate current best treatment evidence with clinical experience from an international expert panel and establish consensus to improve outcomes for patients with rosacea...
November 12, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843919/rosacea-management
#8
REVIEW
Manal Abokwidir, Steven R Feldman
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition associated with four distinct subtypes: erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular. PURPOSE: To review the different kinds of management for all subtypes. METHODS: We divided rosacea management into three main categories: patient education, skin care, and pharmacological/procedural interventions. RESULTS: Flushing is better prevented rather than treated, by avoiding specific triggers, decreasing transepidermal water loss by moisturizers, and blocking ultraviolet light...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817869/prevalence-and-risk-of-migraine-in-patients-with-rosacea-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Alexander Egeberg, Messoud Ashina, David Gaist, Gunnar H Gislason, Jacob P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: Rosacea features increased neurovascular reactivity; migraine is a complex neurologic disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of headache associated with nausea and increased sensitivity to light and sound. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the prevalence and risk of new-onset migraine in patients with rosacea. METHODS: All Danish individuals 18 years of age or older were linked in nationwide registers. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated by Cox regression...
November 3, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800249/clinical-findings-follow-up-and-treatment-results-in-patients-with-ocular-rosacea
#10
İlkay Kılıç Müftüoğlu, Yonca Aydın Akova
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical features, treatment options and complications in patients with ocular rosacea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 48 eyes of 24 patients with ocular rosacea were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' ocular signs and symptoms were scored between 1 and 4 points according to disease severity; tear film break-up time (BUT) and Schirmer's test results were recorded before and after the treatment. Preservative-free artificial tears, topical antibiotic eye drops/ointments, short-term topical corticosteroids, topical 0...
January 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798494/in-response-tear-osmolarity-and-tear-film-parameters-in-patients-with-ocular-rosacea
#11
Sevil Karaman Erdur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798493/tear-osmolarity-and-tear-film-parameters-in-patients-with-ocular-rosacea
#12
Melis Palamar, Cumali Degirmenci, Ilgen Ertam, Ayse Yagci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718519/updating-the-diagnosis-classification-and-assessment-of-rosacea-recommendations-from-the-global-rosacea-consensus-rosco-panel
#13
J Tan, L M C Almeida, A Bewley, B Cribier, N C Dlova, R Gallo, G Kautz, M Mannis, H H Oon, M Rajagopalan, M Steinhoff, D Thiboutot, P Troielli, G Webster, Y Wu, E J van Zuuren, M Schaller
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is currently diagnosed by consensus-defined primary and secondary features and managed by subtype. However, individual features (phenotypes) can span multiple subtypes, which has implications for clinical practice and research. Adopting a phenotype-led approach may facilitate patient-centred management. OBJECTIVES: To advance clinical practice by obtaining international consensus to establish a phenotype-led rosacea diagnosis and classification scheme with global representation...
October 8, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649161/rosacea-molecular-mechanisms-and-management-of-a-chronic-cutaneous-inflammatory-condition
#14
REVIEW
Yu Ri Woo, Ji Hong Lim, Dae Ho Cho, Hyun Jeong Park
Rosacea is a chronic cutaneous inflammatory disease that affects the facial skin. Clinically, rosacea can be categorized into papulopustular, erythematotelangiectatic, ocular, and phymatous rosacea. However, the phenotypic presentations of rosacea are more heterogeneous. Although the pathophysiology of rosacea remains to be elucidated, immunologic alterations and neurovascular dysregulation are thought to have important roles in initiating and strengthening the clinical manifestations of rosacea. In this article, we present the possible molecular mechanisms of rosacea based on recent laboratory and clinical studies...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529708/pediatric-rosacea
#15
Roselyn Kellen, Nanette B Silverberg
Because rosacea is uncommon in the pediatric population, care must be taken to exclude other papulopustular disorders. Children can present with vascular, papulopustular, and/or ocular findings. Importantly, ocular symptoms can appear before the cutaneous symptoms of rosacea, leading to misdiagnosis. Rosacea is a clinical diagnosis, but histopathologic examination typically reveals dilated vessels, perivascular lymphohistiocytic infiltrates in the upper dermis, elastosis, and disorganization of the upper dermal connective tissue...
July 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462249/therapeutical-management-for-ocular-rosacea
#16
Gloria López-Valverde, Elena Garcia-Martin, José Manuel Larrosa-Povés, Vicente Polo-Llorens, Luis E Pablo-Júlvez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe a case of ocular rosacea with a very complex evolution. Rosacea is a chronic dermatological disease that may affect the ocular structures up to 6-72% of all cases. This form is often misdiagnosed, which may lead to long inflammatory processes with important visual consequences for affected patients. Therefore, an early diagnosis and an adequate treatment are important. METHODS: We report the case of a 43-year-old patient who had several relapses of what seemed an episode of acute bacterial conjunctivitis...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416312/topical-and-oral-therapeutic-approach-to-rosacea
#17
REVIEW
Yolanda R Helfrich, Lisa M Maier
Rosacea is an inflammatory condition of the skin, primarily affecting the central convexities of the face. Various topical and oral therapeutic approaches exist. Most have been developed to treat the papulopustular subtype of rosacea; however, other approaches can be used to treat the erythematotelangiectatic, ocular, and phymatous subtypes. This review provides a summary of available topical and oral approaches for the treatment of rosacea.
June 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222243/in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-evaluation-of-ocular-and-cutaneous-alterations-in-patients-with-rosacea
#18
Hong Liang, Matthieu Randon, Sylvain Michee, Rachid Tahiri, Antoine Labbe, Christophe Baudouin
AIMS: The physiopathology of rosacea and the correlation between ocular and cutaneous rosacea remains unclear. This study analysed ocular and cutaneous rosacea with in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). METHODS: Thirty-four eyes of 34 patients with confirmed rosacea-associated meibomian gland dysfunction-related evaporative dry eye were enrolled in the study. The ophthalmological investigations included dry eye ocular surface disease index (OSDI), the Schirmer test, tear osmolarity, tear break up time, the Oxford score, infrared meibography for meibomian gland (MG) analysis and IVCM investigation for cornea, MG and skin analysis (cheek, hand)...
May 24, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207355/canadian-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-rosacea
#19
REVIEW
Yuka Asai, Jerry Tan, Akerke Baibergenova, Benjamin Barankin, Chris L Cochrane, Shannon Humphrey, Charles W Lynde, Danielle Marcoux, Yves Poulin, Jason K Rivers, Mariusz Sapijaszko, R Gary Sibbald, John Toole, Marcie Ulmer, Catherine Zip
Rosacea is a chronic facial inflammatory dermatosis characterized by background facial erythema and flushing and may be accompanied by inflammatory papules and pustules, cutaneous fibrosis and hyperplasia known as phyma, and ocular involvement. These features can have adverse impact on quality of life, and ocular involvement can lead to visual dysfunction. The past decade has witnessed increased research into pathogenic pathways involved in rosacea and the introduction of novel treatment innovations. The objective of these guidelines is to offer evidence-based recommendations to assist Canadian health care providers in the diagnosis and management of rosacea...
September 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27172695/-rosacea-what-s-new
#20
REVIEW
Justine Czernielewski, Curdin Conrad
Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease with a variety of clinical manifestations such as centro-facial erythema, papules and pustules, as well as ocular involvement. Based on these manifestations, rosacea is clinically divided into four subtypes necessitating distinct therapies. Despite recent scientific advances, the pathomechanisms underlying rosacea in general and the different subtypes in particular are still elusive. Accordingly, current treatment options remain mostly broad and symptomatic...
March 30, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
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