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Alopecia temporal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560215/temporal-triangular-alopecia-in-children-the-same-clinical-feature-for-two-distinct-entities
#1
REVIEW
Awatef Kelati, Hannane Baybay, Fatima Zahra Mernissi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442883/a-comment-on-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-axel-munthe-s-syndrome
#2
Ralph M Trüeb
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) represents a peculiar condition with a quasi-symmetrical, marginal alopecia along the frontal and temporal hairline with scarring. Steven Kossard is credited with the original description of the condition in 1994. Since its first description, FFA has become increasingly common while its etiology has remained obscure. While FFA has been related to lichen planopilaris, in fact, the pattern of clinical disease presentation might be more specific for the condition than the underlying inflammatory autoimmune reaction...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405570/case-of-unilateral-temporal-triangular-alopecia
#3
Sujit J S Shanshanwal, Garima Adwani, Ameet L Dandale, Rachita S Dhurat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362669/retrospective-assessment-of-follicular-unit-density-in-asian-men-with-androgenetic-alopecia
#4
Dell Kristie A Ortega-Castillejos, Damkerng Pathomvanich
BACKGROUND: Hair density, together with hair diameter has a tremendous impact on the cosmetic outcome of hair transplantation surgery. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aims to assess the average number of follicular unit (FU) grafts in the donor area of Asian men with androgenetic alopecia. METHODS: Seventy patients (ages 24-65 years old) with virgin scalp who had their first hair transplantation were included. During the harvesting procedure, a 2- to 3-cm-wide area of the donor site was shaved from ear to ear with 5 specific areas assigned as reference points for the study namely the central occipital area, left and right parietal and temporal areas...
May 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280911/-physiology-of-the-scalp
#5
REVIEW
R Rukwied
BACKGROUND: Human scalp reveals a remarkable difference to hairy skin of other body regions. The structure of the scalp offers effective protection against water loss and contributes to thermoregulation due to significant vascularization. The scalp is innervated by the trigeminus nerve. OBJECTIVES: The majority of the population complain about "sensitive" scalp. However, sensory, regional, ethnic or pathologic parameters contributing to "sensitive" scalp are largely unknown...
March 9, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092258/-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-case-series-and-literature-review
#6
Fátima Tinoco-Fragoso, Judith Domínguez-Cherit, Silvia Méndez-Flores
Frontal fibrosing alopecia is a disease characterized by a symmetric and progressive loss of hair in the fronto-temporal and fronto-parietal lines that generally affects postmenopausal women. It is considered a variant of lichen planus pilaris for its clinical and histopathological features; although, its etiopathology is still unknown. In this report, we analyzed 4 cases of this disease and we discussed its clinical and histopathological characteristics, as well as their course after initiating treatment.
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990391/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-haberland-syndrome-a-rare-case-report
#7
Ashish Jagati, Bela J Shah, Rima Joshi, Trusha Gajjar
Haberland syndrome or Fishman syndrome also known as encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare, congenital neurocutaneous disorder. It is characterized by unilateral involvement of skin, eyes and central nervous system. We report the case of a 28-year-old woman who presented with soft lipomatous swelling over right temporal area with nonscarring alopecia of part of frontal and parietal region. The patient had a history of seizures and ipsilateral scleral dermoid. Computed tomography scan findings were suggestive of lipomas and calcification of falx...
November 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843914/trichoscopy-of-focal-alopecia-in-children-new-trichoscopic-findings-hair-bulbs-arranged-radially-along-hair-bearing-margins-in-aplasia-cutis-congenita
#8
Adriana Rakowska, Małgorzata Maj, Małgorzata Zadurska, Joanna Czuwara, Olga Warszawik-Henzel, Małgorzata Olszewska, Lidia Rudnicka
PURPOSE: To establish whether trichoscopy can be useful in the differential diagnosis of patchy alopecia in children. PROCEDURES: The study was a retrospective analysis (2012-2015) and included 68 patients under 6 years of age. The inclusion criteria were age and the presence of 1-3 alopecia patches. A total of 124 alopecia patches were examined with the use of a videodermoscope: 102 alopecia areata, 8 tinea capitis, 6 trichotillomania, 3 temporal triangular alopecia and 5 aplasia cutis congenita...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791703/reconstruction-of-a-large-calvarial-traumatic-defect-using-a-custom-made-porous-hydroxyapatite-implant-covered-by-a-free-latissimus-dorsi-muscle-flap-in-an-11-year-old-patient
#9
Anne Morice, Frédéric Kolb, Arnaud Picard, Natacha Kadlub, Stéphanie Puget
Reconstruction of complex skull defects requires collaboration between neurosurgeons and plastic surgeons to choose the most appropriate procedure, especially in growing children. The authors describe herein the reconstruction of an extensive traumatic bone and soft tissue defect of the cranial vault in an 11-year-old boy. The size of the defect, quality of the tissues, and patient's initial condition required a 2-stage approach. Ten months after an initial emergency procedure in which lacerated bone and soft tissue were excised, reconstruction was performed...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689316/results-of-scalp-cooling-during-anthracycline-containing-chemotherapy-depend-on-scalp-skin-temperature
#10
M M C Komen, C H Smorenburg, J W R Nortier, T van der Ploeg, C J G van den Hurk, J J M van der Hoeven
OBJECTIVES: The success of scalp cooling in preventing or reducing chemotherapy induced alopecia (CIA) is highly variable between patients undergoing similar chemotherapy regimens. A decrease of the scalp skin temperature seems to be an important factor, but data on the optimum temperature reached by scalp cooling to prevent CIA are lacking. This study investigated the relation between scalp skin temperature and its efficacy to prevent CIA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this explorative study, scalp skin temperature was measured during scalp cooling in 62 breast cancer patients undergoing up to six cycles of anthracycline containing chemotherapy...
December 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609453/scalp-tissue-expansion-above-a-custom-made-hydroxyapatite-cranial-implant-to-correct-sequelar-alopecia-on-a-transposition-flap
#11
Raphael Carloni, Christian Herlin, Benoit Chaput, Antoine De Runz, E Watier, Nicolas Bertheuil
BACKGROUND: Resection of cranial tumors involving both bone and scalp tissue may require the recruitment of soft tissue using a flap above the bone reconstruction. When a transposition flap has been chosen, the alopecia zone on the donor site may be difficult to treat afterward. Scalp expansion is the gold standard in these situations, but this has never been described above cranial implants. We report the first case of a patient who underwent a scalp tissue expansion above a custom-made hydroxyapatite cranial implant to correct sequelar alopecia...
November 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543220/clinical-and-trichoscopic-characteristics-of-temporal-triangular-alopecia-a-multicenter-study
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Pablo Fernández-Crehuet, Sergio Vaño-Galván, Antonio Martorell-Calatayud, Salvador Arias-Santiago, Ramón Grimalt, Francisco M Camacho-Martínez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504707/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hair-and-scalp-diseases
#13
Hans Wolff, Tobias W Fischer, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi
BACKGROUND: Hair loss is caused by a variety of hair growth disorders, each with its own pathogenetic mechanism. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective search in PubMed, on the current German and European guidelines, and on the authors' clinical and scientific experience. RESULTS: Excessive daily hair loss (effluvium) may be physiological, as in the postpartum state, or pathological, due for example to thyroid disturbances, drug effects, iron deficiency, or syphilis...
May 27, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443985/patient-level-adverse-event-patterns-in-a-single-institution-study-of-the-multi-kinase-inhibitor-sorafenib
#14
S Karovic, E F Shiuan, S Q Zhang, H Cao, M L Maitland
Novel characterization of patterns of adverse events (AEs) of kinase inhibitors (KIs) could reveal new insights on human molecular physiology and methods to improve the therapeutic index of KIs. Incidence and severity of AEs for each of 157 patients enrolled in sorafenib clinical trials were determined for three clinically relevant treatment intervals: weeks 0-3, weeks 3-7, and after 7 weeks. The most common within patient co-occurrences were mucositis with dermatologic events: hand-foot syndrome (HFS; odds ratio [OR] = 4...
July 21, 2016: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279298/metabolic-syndrome-in-androgenic-alopecia
#15
Hima Gopinath, Gatha M Upadya
BACKGROUND: Androgenic alopecia has been associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in various studies. The relationship between androgenic alopecia and metabolic syndrome, a known risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, is still poorly understood. AIM: To study the association between metabolic syndrome and early-onset androgenic alopecia. METHODS: A hospital-based analytical cross-sectional study was done on men in the age group of 18-55 years...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274124/direct-brow-lifting-specific-indications-for-a-simplified-approach-to-eyebrow-ptosis
#16
Michele Pascali, Ilaria Bocchini, Anna Avantaggiato, Francesco Carinci, Valerio Cervelli, Fabrizio Orlandi, Davide Quarato
CONTEXT: Brow lifting is an essential element in the rejuvenation of the ageing face. Various surgical techniques have been described. Among these, the direct brow lifting is an easy and effective technique that is often neglected because the scar can remain visible. Thus, this approach is usually reserved for elderly patients and males, with thick bushy brows. AIMS: The authors present their result from a series of fifty consecutive patients treated over 2 years with direct brow lift...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136639/triangular-temporal-alopecia-a-rare-case-in-adulthood
#17
LETTER
Simran Jutla, Vikas Patel, Anand Rajpara
Triangular temporal alopecia (TTA) is an asymptomatic, circumscribed, non-scarring form of alopecia that affects the temporal scalp. Although TTA is most often seen between ages two and nine, the condition has rarely been described in adults. If unrecognized, adulthood TTA can be misdiagnosed, leading to unnecessary steroid treatment. This case report describes TTA in an adult woman who had no prior history of alopecia. It also reviews the existing TTA literature, describing the diagnosis and management of this condition...
March 16, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121450/topical-application-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-activator-methyl-vanillate-increases-hair-count-and-hair-mass-index-in-women-with-androgenetic-alopecia
#18
Antonella Tosti, Martin N Zaiac, Agnese Canazza, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Helios Pareja-Galeano, Rafael Alis, Alejandro Lucia, Enzo Emanuele
BACKGROUND: Activation of the WNT/β-catenin pathway has emerged as a potential therapeutic target in androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Methyl vanillate (MV) - a safe plant-derived ingredient - has been recently shown to activate the WNT/β-catenin signaling. Objectives Two distinct substudies were conducted. First, we designed a 6-month, uncontrolled, open-label clinical study to investigate whether topically applied MV may increase hair count and hair mass index (HMI) in female AGA. Second, we conducted a molecular study on the effect of MV on WNT10B mRNA expression in scalp biopsies of women with AGA...
April 27, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26955153/triangular-temporal-alopecia-revisited
#19
Prashant Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927650/-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-ffa-report-on-four-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Miguel Ángel Cardona-Hernández, Fermín Jurado-Santa Cruz, Gisela Navarrete-Franco, Edna Azucena Gaxiola-Álvarez, Mónica Elizabeth de la Torre-García, Ana Luisa Cabrera-Pérez
Frontal fibrosing alopecia was recently described by Kossard, et al. as a progressive symmetrical recession of the frontal-temporal-parietal hairline affecting particularly postmenopausal women. Besides affecting the scalp, there are some cases in the literature with partial or total loss of the eyebrows, also involving the trunk, and superior extremities. Because the clinical, histological, and immunochemical findings are indistinguishable from those seen in lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia is now considered a localized variant of lichen planopilaris...
January 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
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