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Alopecia temporal

Fátima Tinoco-Fragoso, Judith Domínguez-Cherit, Silvia Méndez-Flores
Frontal fibrosing alopecia is a disease characterized by a symmetric and progressive loss of hair in the fronto-temporal and fronto-parietal lines that generally affects postmenopausal women. It is considered a variant of lichen planus pilaris for its clinical and histopathological features; although, its etiopathology is still unknown. In this report, we analyzed 4 cases of this disease and we discussed its clinical and histopathological characteristics, as well as their course after initiating treatment.
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Ashish Jagati, Bela J Shah, Rima Joshi, Trusha Gajjar
Haberland syndrome or Fishman syndrome also known as encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare, congenital neurocutaneous disorder. It is characterized by unilateral involvement of skin, eyes and central nervous system. We report the case of a 28-year-old woman who presented with soft lipomatous swelling over right temporal area with nonscarring alopecia of part of frontal and parietal region. The patient had a history of seizures and ipsilateral scleral dermoid. Computed tomography scan findings were suggestive of lipomas and calcification of falx...
November 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Adriana Rakowska, Małgorzata Maj, Małgorzata Zadurska, Joanna Czuwara, Olga Warszawik-Henzel, Małgorzata Olszewska, Lidia Rudnicka
PURPOSE: To establish whether trichoscopy can be useful in the differential diagnosis of patchy alopecia in children. PROCEDURES: The study was a retrospective analysis (2012-2015) and included 68 patients under 6 years of age. The inclusion criteria were age and the presence of 1-3 alopecia patches. A total of 124 alopecia patches were examined with the use of a videodermoscope: 102 alopecia areata, 8 tinea capitis, 6 trichotillomania, 3 temporal triangular alopecia and 5 aplasia cutis congenita...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
Anne Morice, Frédéric Kolb, Arnaud Picard, Natacha Kadlub, Stéphanie Puget
Reconstruction of complex skull defects requires collaboration between neurosurgeons and plastic surgeons to choose the most appropriate procedure, especially in growing children. The authors describe herein the reconstruction of an extensive traumatic bone and soft tissue defect of the cranial vault in an 11-year-old boy. The size of the defect, quality of the tissues, and patient's initial condition required a 2-stage approach. Ten months after an initial emergency procedure in which lacerated bone and soft tissue were excised, reconstruction was performed...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
M M C Komen, C H Smorenburg, J W R Nortier, T van der Ploeg, C J G van den Hurk, J J M van der Hoeven
OBJECTIVES: The success of scalp cooling in preventing or reducing chemotherapy induced alopecia (CIA) is highly variable between patients undergoing similar chemotherapy regimens. A decrease of the scalp skin temperature seems to be an important factor, but data on the optimum temperature reached by scalp cooling to prevent CIA are lacking. This study investigated the relation between scalp skin temperature and its efficacy to prevent CIA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this explorative study, scalp skin temperature was measured during scalp cooling in 62 breast cancer patients undergoing up to six cycles of anthracycline containing chemotherapy...
December 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Raphael Carloni, Christian Herlin, Benoit Chaput, Antoine De Runz, E Watier, Nicolas Bertheuil
BACKGROUND: Resection of cranial tumors involving both bone and scalp tissue may require the recruitment of soft tissue using a flap above the bone reconstruction. When a transposition flap has been chosen, the alopecia zone on the donor site may be difficult to treat afterward. Scalp expansion is the gold standard in these situations, but this has never been described above cranial implants. We report the first case of a patient who underwent a scalp tissue expansion above a custom-made hydroxyapatite cranial implant to correct sequelar alopecia...
November 2016: World Neurosurgery
Pablo Fernández-Crehuet, Sergio Vaño-Galván, Antonio Martorell-Calatayud, Salvador Arias-Santiago, Ramón Grimalt, Francisco M Camacho-Martínez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Hans Wolff, Tobias W Fischer, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi
BACKGROUND: Hair loss is caused by a variety of hair growth disorders, each with its own pathogenetic mechanism. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective search in PubMed, on the current German and European guidelines, and on the authors' clinical and scientific experience. RESULTS: Excessive daily hair loss (effluvium) may be physiological, as in the postpartum state, or pathological, due for example to thyroid disturbances, drug effects, iron deficiency, or syphilis...
May 27, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
S Karovic, E F Shiuan, S Q Zhang, H Cao, M L Maitland
Novel characterization of patterns of adverse events (AEs) of kinase inhibitors (KIs) could reveal new insights on human molecular physiology and methods to improve the therapeutic index of KIs. Incidence and severity of AEs for each of 157 patients enrolled in sorafenib clinical trials were determined for three clinically relevant treatment intervals: weeks 0-3, weeks 3-7, and after 7 weeks. The most common within patient co-occurrences were mucositis with dermatologic events: hand-foot syndrome (HFS; odds ratio [OR] = 4...
July 21, 2016: Clinical and Translational Science
Hima Gopinath, Gatha M Upadya
BACKGROUND: Androgenic alopecia has been associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in various studies. The relationship between androgenic alopecia and metabolic syndrome, a known risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, is still poorly understood. AIM: To study the association between metabolic syndrome and early-onset androgenic alopecia. METHODS: A hospital-based analytical cross-sectional study was done on men in the age group of 18-55 years...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Michele Pascali, Ilaria Bocchini, Anna Avantaggiato, Francesco Carinci, Valerio Cervelli, Fabrizio Orlandi, Davide Quarato
CONTEXT: Brow lifting is an essential element in the rejuvenation of the ageing face. Various surgical techniques have been described. Among these, the direct brow lifting is an easy and effective technique that is often neglected because the scar can remain visible. Thus, this approach is usually reserved for elderly patients and males, with thick bushy brows. AIMS: The authors present their result from a series of fifty consecutive patients treated over 2 years with direct brow lift...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Simran Jutla, Vikas Patel, Anand Rajpara
Triangular temporal alopecia (TTA) is an asymptomatic, circumscribed, non-scarring form of alopecia that affects the temporal scalp. Although TTA is most often seen between ages two and nine, the condition has rarely been described in adults. If unrecognized, adulthood TTA can be misdiagnosed, leading to unnecessary steroid treatment. This case report describes TTA in an adult woman who had no prior history of alopecia. It also reviews the existing TTA literature, describing the diagnosis and management of this condition...
March 16, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Antonella Tosti, Martin N Zaiac, Agnese Canazza, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Helios Pareja-Galeano, Rafael Alis, Alejandro Lucia, Enzo Emanuele
BACKGROUND: Activation of the WNT/β-catenin pathway has emerged as a potential therapeutic target in androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Methyl vanillate (MV) - a safe plant-derived ingredient - has been recently shown to activate the WNT/β-catenin signaling. Objectives Two distinct substudies were conducted. First, we designed a 6-month, uncontrolled, open-label clinical study to investigate whether topically applied MV may increase hair count and hair mass index (HMI) in female AGA. Second, we conducted a molecular study on the effect of MV on WNT10B mRNA expression in scalp biopsies of women with AGA...
April 27, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Prashant Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Miguel Ángel Cardona-Hernández, Fermín Jurado-Santa Cruz, Gisela Navarrete-Franco, Edna Azucena Gaxiola-Álvarez, Mónica Elizabeth de la Torre-García, Ana Luisa Cabrera-Pérez
Frontal fibrosing alopecia was recently described by Kossard, et al. as a progressive symmetrical recession of the frontal-temporal-parietal hairline affecting particularly postmenopausal women. Besides affecting the scalp, there are some cases in the literature with partial or total loss of the eyebrows, also involving the trunk, and superior extremities. Because the clinical, histological, and immunochemical findings are indistinguishable from those seen in lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia is now considered a localized variant of lichen planopilaris...
January 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Y Si, Y Liu, Q H Huang, M J Liang, H L Jiang, G Xu, Z G Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical application of scalp skin grafts in reconstruction of external auditory meatus in congenital aural atresia. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 85 patients of congenital aural atresia, all of whom were unilateral, operated from March of 2008 to December of 2010 in ENT department of the Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital. The patients enrolled in the study were between 6 to 37 years old (median age 12 years), 55 male and 30 female...
February 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Farhat Ul Ann Tayyaba, Mohammad Mughees Amin, Sohail Attaur-Rasool, Uzma Naseer, Akashah Ambar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tissue expansion is a time-tested and frequently used procedure for utilizing local tissue to replace large defects. We aimed to assess the success & complications of tissue expansion in correction of post burn scalp alopecia. METHODS: In this study, 30 patients of scalp burn alopecia of 5 to 35 years age group were treated with tissue expansion of the scalp at Bahawal-Victoria Hospital from January 2013 to December 2014. The area of the scalp loss was within 1/5 to 2/5...
November 2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Michele Compagno, Birgitta Gullstrand, Søren Jacobsen, Gro Ø Eilertsen, Jan Åke Nilsson, Christian Lood, Andreas Jönsen, Lennart Truedsson, Gunnar Sturfelt, Anders A Bengtsson
BACKGROUND: Serum-mediated phagocytosis of antibody- and complement-opsonized necrotic cell material (NCM) by polymorphonuclear leukocytes can be quantified by using a flow cytometry-based assay. The phagocytosis of necrotic cell material (PNC) assay parallels the well-known lupus erythematosus cell test. In this study, we aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the assay and the relationship with clinical manifestations and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
February 10, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Hima Gopinath, Gatha M Upadya
BACKGROUND: Androgenic alopecia has been associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in various studies. The relationship between androgenic alopecia and metabolic syndrome, a known risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, is still poorly understood. AIM: To study the association between metabolic syndrome and early-onset androgenic alopecia. METHODS: A hospital-based analytical cross-sectional study was done on men in the age group of 18-55 years...
February 9, 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Andreas Foustanos, Georgios Drimouras, Konstantinos Panagiotopoulos
BACKGROUND: Descent of the lateral aspect of the brow is one of the earliest signs of aging. The purpose of this study was to describe an open surgical technique for lateral brow lifts, with the goal of achieving reliable, predictable, and long-lasting results. METHODS: An incision was made behind and parallel to the temporal hairline, and then extended deeper through the temporoparietal fascia to the level of the deep temporal fascia. Dissection was continued anteriorly on the surface of the deep temporal fascia and subperiosteally beyond the temporal crest, to the level of the superolateral orbital rim...
September 2015: Archives of Plastic Surgery
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