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Narrative competence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817479/comparison-of-instructional-methods-for-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-for-substance-use-in-nursing-education
#1
Sarah Knopf-Amelung, Heather Gotham, Araba Kuofie, Pamela Young, Ronalda Manney Stinson, Jolene Lynn, Kendra Barker, Jessica Hildreth
Most nursing programs lack curriculum on substance use. This project evaluated 3 didactic instructional methods for teaching baccalaureate nursing students about screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for substance use. In-person, asynchronous narrated slides and interactive online instructional methods were all effective in developing students' competency; however, active learning methods (in-person and interactive online course) were more effective in changing students' attitudes about their role in screening and intervening for drug use...
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795580/pilot-study-of-an-interprofessional-palliative-care-curriculum-course-content-and-participant-reported-learning-gains
#2
Helene Starks, Heather Coats, Tia Paganelli, Larry Mauksch, Eileen van Schaik, Taryn Lindhorst, Caroline Hurd, Ardith Doorenbos
CONTEXT: The National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care Clinical Practice Guidelines recommend that palliative care clinicians work together as interprofessional teams. We created and piloted a 9-month curriculum that focused on 3 related domains: (1) patient-centered, narrative communication skills; (2) interprofessional team practice; and (3) metrics and systems integration. The multifaceted curriculum was delivered through 16 webinars, 8 online modules, 4 in-person workshops, reflective skill practice, written reflections, and small group online discussions...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793801/return-to-work-in-the-context-of-everyday-life-7-11-years-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-follow-up-study
#3
Lisa Holmlund, Susanne Guidetti, Gunilla Eriksson, Eric Asaba
PURPOSE: The aim of this follow-up study was to explore experiences of return to work in the context of everyday life among adults 7-11 years after spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: This study used in-depth interviews and observations in a qualitative design with eight persons who had previously been interviewed in 2008. A narrative approach was used during data gathering and analysis. RESULTS: Return to work was experienced as something constantly needing to be negotiated in the context of everyday life...
August 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777998/is-faculty-practice-valuable-the-experience-of-western-australian-nursing-and-midwifery-academics-undertaking-faculty-clinical-practice-a-discussion-paper
#4
Amanda C Fowler, Melanie Baker, Sadie Geraghty
The faculty clinical practice model provides dedicated time for nursing lecturers and educators in a university school of nursing to work with supervision in the clinical environments for an agreed amount of time each year. Allowing academics to partake in faculty clinical practice this way has been shown to update skills and retain clinical competency. Some nursing and midwifery academics believe it is essential to remain clinically current and up-to-date with professional issues in the clinical environments, whereas other academics believe reading current research maintains clinical competency...
July 27, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776837/distinguishing-attachment-and-affiliation-in-early-adolescents-narrative-descriptions-of-their-best-friendship
#5
Meredith J Martin, Patrick T Davies, E Mark Cummings
This study was designed to test for specificity in the relationship between individual friendship provisions and adjustment across early adolescence. Using a narrative procedure, attachment (i.e., accessing care) and affiliation (i.e., forming cooperative partnerships) were found to be distinct functional themes organizing 293 adolescents' (Mage  = 13) internal representations of their best friendship across three annual measurement occasions. Longitudinal, cross-lag analyses revealed a unique transactional relationship between friendship affiliation and greater social competence over time, controlling for friendship stability, maternal relationship quality, socioeconomic status, and gender...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767498/the-road-to-rural-primary-care-a-narrative-review-of-factors-that-help-develop-recruit-and-retain-rural-primary-care-physicians
#6
Anna Beth Parlier, Shelley L Galvin, Sarah Thach, David Kruidenier, Ernest Blake Fagan
PURPOSE: To examine the literature documenting successes in recruiting and retaining rural primary care physicians. METHOD: The authors conducted a narrative review of literature on individual, educational, and professional characteristics and experiences that lead to recruitment and retention of rural primary care physicians. In May 2016, they searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, Web of Science, Google Scholar, the Grey Literature Report, and reference lists of included studies for literature published in or after 1990 in the United States, Canada, or Australia...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764206/analysis-of-survival-data-challenges-and-algorithm-based-model-selection
#7
REVIEW
Kaushik Sarkar, Ranadip Chowdhury, Aparajita Dasgupta
Survival data is a special form of time to event data that is often encountered while modelling risk. The classical Cox proportional hazard model, that is popularly used to analyse survival data, cannot be used for modelling risk when the proportional hazard assumption is violated or when there is recurrent time to event data. In this context we conducted this narrative review to develop an algorithm for selection of advanced methods of analysing survival data in the above-mentioned situations. Findings were synthesized from literature retrieved from searches of Pubmed, Embase, and Google Scholar...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759317/persuasive-effects-of-point-of-view-protagonist-competence-and-similarity-in-a-health-narrative-about-type-2-diabetes
#8
Meng Chen, Robert A Bell, Laramie D Taylor
We examined the persuasive effects of three narrative features in a message about type 2 diabetes: narrative point of view (first- vs. third-person perspective), protagonist competence (positive role model who prevents diabetes vs. negative role model who develops diabetes), and protagonist-reader similarity (demographically similar vs. dissimilar). We posited that a first-person point of view would elevate people's identification levels more than a third-person point of view, especially when the protagonist was depicted as a positive role model...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725092/special-interests-and-the-media-theory-and-an-application-to-climate-change
#9
Jesse M Shapiro
A journalist reports to a voter on an unknown, policy-relevant state. Competing special interests can make claims that contradict the facts but seem credible to the voter. A reputational incentive to avoid taking sides leads the journalist to report special interests' claims to the voter. In equilibrium, the voter can remain uninformed even when the journalist is perfectly informed. Communication is improved if the journalist discloses her partisan leanings. The model provides an account of persistent public ignorance on climate change that is consistent with narrative and quantitative evidence...
December 2016: Journal of Public Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721643/the-scientific-self-reclaiming-its-place-in-the-history-of-research-ethics
#10
Herman Paul
How can the history of research ethics be expanded beyond the standard narrative of codification-a story that does not reach back beyond World War II-without becoming so broad as to lose all distinctiveness? This article proposes a history of research ethics focused on the "scientific self," that is, the role-specific identity of scientists as typically described in terms of skills, competencies, qualities, or dispositions. Drawing on three agenda-setting texts from nineteenth-century history, biology, and sociology, the article argues that the "revolutions" these books sought to unleash were, among other things, revolts against inherited conceptions of scientific selfhood...
July 18, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699231/when-i-say-%C3%A2-narrative-competence
#11
Megan Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693527/social-workers-involvement-in-advance-care-planning-a-systematic-narrative-review
#12
Chong-Wen Wang, Cecilia L W Chan, Amy Y M Chow
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning is a process of discussion that enables competent adults to express their wishes about end-of-life care through periods of decisional incapacity. Although a number of studies have documented social workers' attitudes toward, knowledge about, and involvement in advance care planning, the information is fragmented. The purpose of this review was to provide a narrative synthesis of evidence on social workers' perspectives and experiences regarding implementation of advance care planning...
July 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666528/the-assessment-of-medical-competencies
#13
E Sureda-Demeulemeester, C Ramis-Palmer, A Sesé-Abad
OBJECTIVE: To describe the most widely used tools in the assessment of medical competencies, analyse their prevalence of use, their advantages and disadvantages and propose an appropriate model for our context. METHODS: We conducted a narrative review of articles from MEDLINE, following the PRISM protocol, and analysed a total of 62 articles. RESULTS: The assessment of competencies is heterogeneous, especially in the educational and professional settings...
June 27, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640027/exploring-integration-in-action-competencies-as-building-blocks-of-expertise
#14
Maria Mylopoulos, Debaroti Tina Borschel, Tara O'Brien, Sofia Martimianakis, Nicole N Woods
PURPOSE: Competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS roles and the ACGME core competencies may lead to the implicit assumption that physicians can learn and practice individual competencies in isolation. In contrast, models of adaptive expertise suggest that the integration of competencies reflects the capabilities of an expert physician. Thus, educational programming aimed at teaching discrete roles or competencies might overlook expert physician capabilities that are central to patient care...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637149/personal-meaning-in-relation-to-daily-functioning-of-a-patient-in-physical-therapy-practice-narratives-of-a-patient-a-family-member-and-physical-therapist
#15
Ellen Oosting, Jaap Dronkers, Thomas Hoogeboom, Nico van Meeteren, Willem Marie Speelman
PURPOSE: To get insight into personal meaning of a person involved in a physical therapy intervention. METHODS: Mrs. A, a 76-year-old woman is referred to a physical therapist (PT) for assessment of functioning and training before total hip arthroplasty (THA). The patient, her daughter, and PT were asked to write a story about their daily life. Stories were analyzed according to the narrative scheme based on a method to find meaning in daily life, which consists of four phases: 1...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630550/macro-and-micro-political-vernaculizations-of-rights-human-rights-and-abortion-discourses-in-northern-ireland
#16
Claire Pierson, Fiona Bloomer
How abortion is dealt with in law and policy is shaped through the multiple political and societal discourses on the issue within a particular society. Debate on abortion is constantly in flux, with progressive and regressive movements witnessed globally. This paper examines the translation of human rights norms into discourses on abortion in Northern Ireland, a region where abortion is highly restricted, with extensive contemporary public debate into potential liberalization of abortion law. This paper emanates from research examining political debates on abortion in Northern Ireland and contrasts findings with recent civil society developments, identifying competing narratives of human rights with regard to abortion at the macro- and micro-political level...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614075/the-role-of-relational-knowing-in-advance-care-planning
#17
Kate Robins-Browne, Kelsey Hegarty, Marilys Guillmen, Paul Komesaroff, Victoria Palmer
Medical decision making when a patient cannot participate is complicated by the question of whose voice should be heard. The most common answer to this question is that "autonomy" is paramount, and therefore it is the voice of the unwell person that should be given priority. Advance care planning processes and practices seek to capture this sentiment and to allow treatment preferences to be documented and decision makers to be nominated. Despite good intentions, advance care planning is often deficient because it is unable to facilitate a relational approach to decision making in cases when the patient's competence is reduced...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604245/state-of-the-art-or-the-art-of-medicine-transnational-mobility-and-perceptions-of-multiple-biomedicines-among-nigerian-physicians-in-the-u-s
#18
Judith Schühle
Over the last 40 years, several thousand Nigerian-trained doctors have migrated to the U.S. to practice in what they regard as the state-of-the-art of global biomedicine. Based on interviews with Nigerian physicians, this article shows how their professional mobility, and their transition to the new professional environment of U.S. biomedicine, makes them aware of local differences in practicing medicine. Adapting to local ways of practicing in the U.S. creates a new sense of belonging and professional identity...
June 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592353/role-of-information-and-communication-technology-in-promoting-oral-health-at-residential-aged-care-facilities
#19
Bola Adebayo, Angela Durey, Linda M Slack-Smith
Information and communication technology (ICT) can provide knowledge and clinical support to those working in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). This paper aims to: (1) review literature on ICT targeted at residents, staff and external providers in RACFs including general practitioners, dental and allied health professionals on improving residents' oral health; (2) identify barriers and enablers to using ICT in promoting oral health at RACFs; and (3) investigate evidence of effectiveness of these approaches in promoting oral health...
June 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589307/cultivating-community-responsive-future-healthcare-professionals-using-service-learning-in-pre-health-humanities-education
#20
Casey Kayser
This essay argues that service-learning pedagogy is an important tool in pre-health humanities education that provides benefits to the community and produces more compassionate, culturally competent, and community-responsive future healthcare professionals. Further, beginning this approach at the baccalaureate level instills democratic and collaborative values at an earlier, crucial time in the career socialization process. The discussion focuses on learning outcomes and reciprocity between the university and community in a Medical Humanities course for junior and senior premedical students, an elective in the premedical curriculum...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
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