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Narrative competence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169576/applying-the-integrated-behavior-change-model-to-understanding-physical-activity-among-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#1
Urska Arnautovska, Frances O'Callaghan, Kyra Hamilton
We explored older adults' experiences of physical activity (PA) and related decision-making processes underlying PA. Twenty Australians (Mage= 73.8 years) participated in semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis and identified themes were matched deductively within motivational, volitional, and implicit processes of the integrated behavior change model for PA. Motivational influences such as participants' time orientation towards health and perceptions of what PA should be like were frequently featured in participants' narratives...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157420/taking-care-bringing-life-a-post-structuralist-feminist-analysis-of-maternal-discourses-of-mothers-and-dais-in-india
#2
Vinita Agarwal
My post-structuralist feminist reading of the antenatal and birthing practices of women (N = 25) living in a basti in India makes visible how the meanings of maternal experiences constituted as our ways open discursive spaces for the mothers and dais as procreators to: challenge (i.e., question the authority of), co-opt (i.e., conditionally adopt), and judge (i.e., employ sanctioned criteria to regulate) competing knowledge production forms. In critiquing maternal knowledge as feminist discourse, the women's strategies contribute theoretically to an integrative construction of care by reclaiming displaced knowledge discourses and diversity in meaning production...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140707/preparing-for-practice-nursing-intern-and-faculty-perceptions-on-clinical-experiences
#3
Hanan AlThiga, Sharifah Mohidin, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
PURPOSE: Clinical experience and exposure to real patients are required elements of nursing education. Trainees in nursing are expected to be prepared adequately for the hard-working environment, increasing patient complexity, and higher-level competencies. This study investigates differences between nursing interns and clinical faculty on actual and perceived importance of educational preparation and development of clinical competencies, focusing on the nursing curriculum and transition to practice...
January 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116565/pulling-together-and-pulling-apart-influences-of-convergence-and-divergence-on-distributed-healthcare-teams
#4
L Lingard, C Sue-Chue-Lam, G R Tait, J Bates, J Shadd, V Schulz
Effective healthcare requires both competent individuals and competent teams. With this recognition, health professions education is grappling with how to factor team competence into training and assessment strategies. These efforts are impeded, however, by the absence of a sophisticated understanding of the the relationship between competent individuals and competent teams . Using data from a constructivist grounded theory study of team-based healthcare for patients with advanced heart failure, this paper explores the relationship between individual team members' perceived goals, understandings, values and routines and the collective competence of the team...
January 23, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110113/a-photo-voice-perspective-on-factors-contributing-to-the-resilience-of-hiv-positive-yoruba-adolescent-girls-in-nigeria
#5
Catherine O Adegoke, Miemsie G Steyn
There is a growing discourse worldwide on the impact of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) on "at risk youths". In response, five HIV-positive Nigerian adolescent girls were qualitatively investigated in collaboration with a non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Ibadan, an urban settlement in Nigeria in 2013. Using a secondary data analysis from a photo voice component of the research, combined with narratives, we show that participants possess the capacity to overcome their adversities from the effects of HIV infection and remain resilient...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106594/big-data-and-nursing-implications-for-the-future
#6
Maxim Topaz, Lisiane Pruinelli
Big data is becoming increasingly more prevalent and it affects the way nurses learn, practice, conduct research and develop policy. The discipline of nursing needs to maximize the benefits of big data to advance the vision of promoting human health and wellbeing. However, current practicing nurses, educators and nurse scientists often lack the required skills and competencies necessary for meaningful use of big data. Some of the key skills for further development include the ability to mine narrative and structured data for new care or outcome patterns, effective data visualization techniques, and further integration of nursing sensitive data into artificial intelligence systems for better clinical decision support...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095705/what-s-the-story-a-computational-analysis-of-narrative-competence-in-autism
#7
Michelle Lee, Gary E Martin, Abigail Hogan, Deanna Hano, Peter C Gordon, Molly Losh
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate narrative (i.e. storytelling) difficulties which can significantly impact their ability to form and maintain social relationships. However, existing research has not comprehensively documented these impairments in more open-ended, emotionally evocative situations common to daily interactions. Computational linguistic measures offer a promising complement to traditional hand-coding methods of narrative analysis and in this study were applied together with hand coding of narratives elicited with emotionally salient scenes from the Thematic Apperception Test...
January 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087554/how-prepared-are-uk-medical-graduates-for-practice-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature-2009-2014
#8
Lynn V Monrouxe, Lisa Grundy, Mala Mann, Zoe John, Eleni Panagoulas, Alison Bullock, Karen Mattick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions. DESIGN: A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305). DATA SOURCES: Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079419/what-do-we-know-about-emotional-labour-in-nursing-a-narrative-review
#9
Sondra Badolamenti, Alessandro Sili, Rosario Caruso, Roberta FidaFida
Nurses have to manage their emotions and the expression of emotion to perform best care, and their behaviours pass through emotional labour (EL). However, EL seems to be an under-appreciated aspect of caring work and there is no synthetic portrait of literature about EL in the nursing profession. This review was conducted to synthesise and to critically analyse the literature in the nursing field related to EL. Twenty-seven papers were included and analysed with a narrative approach, where two main themes were found: EL strategies and EL antecedents and consequences...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076588/-essential-competencies-in-training-in-obstetrics
#10
Sebastião Junior Henrique Duarte, Richardson Miranda Machado
Objective: Analyze international reports related to training in obstetrics and present guidelines to help leading educational institutions to develop curriculum guidelines for the teaching of obstetrics and advanced nursing practice in this specialty. Methods: A narrative review was conducted of documents from the World Health Organization and the International Confederation of Midwives. The search used the descriptors midwifery and education. All official reports that guide midwife education policies, published from 2009 to 2015 in English and Spanish, and available online, were included...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062944/what-pauline-doesn-t-know-using-guided-fiction-writing-to-educate-health-professionals-about-cultural-competence
#11
Lise Saffran
Research linking reading literary fiction to empathy supports health humanities programs in which reflective writing accompanies close readings of texts, both to explore principles of storytelling (narrative arc and concrete language) and to promote an examination of biases in care. Little attention has been paid to the possible contribution of guided fiction-writing in health humanities curricula toward enhancing cultural competence among health professionals, both clinical and community-based. Through an analysis of the short story "Pie Dance" by Molly Giles, juxtaposed with descriptions of specific writing exercises, this paper explains how the demands of writing fiction promote cultural competency...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049379/should-we-assess-clinical-performance-in-single-patient-encounters-or-consistent-behaviors-of-clinical-performance-over-a-series-of-encounters-a-qualitative-exploration-of-narrative-trainee-profiles
#12
Marjolein Oerlemans, Patrick Dielissen, Angelique Timmerman, Paul Ram, Bas Maiburg, Jean Muris, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: A variety of tools have been developed to assess performance which typically use a single clinical encounter as a source for making competency inferences. This strategy may miss consistent behaviors. We therefore explored experienced clinical supervisors' perceptions of behavioral patterns that potentially exist in postgraduate general practice trainees expressed as narrative profiles to aid the grading of clinical performance. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with clinical supervisors who had frequently observed clinical performance in trainees...
January 4, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035171/the-case-of-a-needle-exchange-policy-debate-in-fresno-california
#13
Kris Clarke
Needle exchange is one of the most effective public health interventions to prevent the transmission of infectious disease by injecting drug users. Despite the preponderance of scientific evidence, US federal funding for needle exchange programmes has been banned since 1988. This prohibition has resulted in the lack of a centralised policy on needle exchange and has given birth to a patchwork of diverse practices and regulations throughout the nation. This article focuses on how various local players interpreted the meaning of needle exchange through the debate on an unauthorised site in Fresno, California...
May 2016: Crit Soc Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031613/implementation-of-a-module-to-promote-competency-in-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#14
Raakhi Kaliprasad Tripathi, Sharmila Vinayak Jalgaonkar, Pankaj V Sarkate, Nirmala Narayan Rege
OBJECTIVES: Underreporting and poor quality of adverse drug reaction (ADR) reports pose a challenge for the Pharmacovigilance Program of India. A module to impart knowledge and skills of ADR reporting to MBBS students was developed and evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The module consisted of (a) e-mailing an ADR narrative and online filling of the "suspected ADR reporting form" (SARF) and (b) a week later, practical on ADR reporting was conducted followed by online filling of SARF postpractical at 1 and 6 months...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029684/the-effectiveness-of-interventions-to-enhance-self-management-support-competencies-in-the-nursing-profession-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Veerle Duprez, Tina Vandecasteele, Sofie Verhaeghe, Dimitri Beeckman, Ann Van Hecke
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness and effective components of training interventions to enhance nurses' competencies in self-management support in chronic care. BACKGROUND: The growing burden of chronic diseases puts an increasing focus on nurses' self-management support of people living with a chronic illness. The most effective method to train nurses' competencies in self-management support remains unclear. DESIGN: Systematic literature review...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018556/what-is-known-examining-the-empirical-literature-in-resident-work-hours-using-30-influential-articles
#16
Ingrid Philibert
BACKGROUND : Examining influential, highly cited articles can show the advancement of knowledge about the effect of resident physicians' long work hours, as well as the benefits and drawbacks of work hour limits. OBJECTIVE : A narrative review of 30 articles, selected for their contribution to the literature, explored outcomes of interest in the research on work hours-including patient safety, learning, and resident well-being. METHODS : Articles were selected from a comprehensive review...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998806/expert-patient-illness-narratives-as-a-teaching-methodology-a-mixed-method-study-of-student-nurses-satisfaction
#17
Maria Feijoo-Cid, David Moriña, Rebeca Gómez-Ibáñez, Juan M Leyva-Moral
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate nursing students' satisfaction with Expert Patient Illness Narratives as a teaching and learning methodology based on patient involvement. METHODS AND DESIGN: Mixed methods were used in this study: online survey with quantitative and qualitative items designed by researchers. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-four nursing students of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, attending a Medical Anthropology elective course...
December 7, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941518/effectiveness-and-experience-of-arts-based-pedagogy-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#18
Kendra L Rieger, Wanda M Chernomas, Diana E McMillan, Francine L Morin, Lisa Demczuk
BACKGROUND: To develop well rounded professional nurses, educators need diverse pedagogical approaches. There is growing interest in arts-based pedagogy (ABP) as the arts can facilitate reflection, create meaning and engage healthcare students. However, the emerging body of research about ABP needs to be systematically examined. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of ABP in enhancing competencies and learning behaviors in undergraduate nursing education and to explore nursing students' experiences with art-based pedagogy...
November 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923337/-child-soldiers-as-refugees-in-germany
#19
Dima Zito
Child Soldiers as Refugees in Germany How do former child soldiers cope with their potentially traumatic experiences, and how do the living conditions as refugees influence these coping processes? A dissertation at the faculty of human and social sciences at the University of Wuppertal, based on biographical-narrative interviews with 15 young refugees from six African countries, describes the characteristics of the traumatic sequences in the countries of origin and in exile, and elaborates typical coping processes...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910108/a-day-in-the-life-of-a-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-patient-understanding-the-lived-experiences-and-mental-health-impacts-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#20
Sarah L Bell, Jessica Tyrrell, Cassandra Phoenix
Concepts of social practice are increasingly being used to understand experiences of everyday life, particularly in relation to consumption and healthy lifestyles. This article builds on this in the context of lives disrupted and reshaped by chronic illness. It uses social practice theory to examine the lived experiences of individuals with Ménière's disease; a long-term progressive vestibular disorder, defined by episodes of severe and debilitating vertigo, aural fullness, tinnitus and sensorineural hearing loss...
December 2, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
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