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Narrative competence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684835/objectively-measured-interprofessional-education-outcome-and-factors-that-enhance-program-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
R Riskiyana, M Claramita, G R Rahayu
Several studies have been conducted to evaluate the implementation of interprofessional education (IPE) across the globe. By looking at the timeline of each previous study, it can be inferred that the implementation of IPE has been improving continuously. However, the effectiveness of IPE still cannot be easily generalized due to misconceptions regarding how interprofessional collaboration capabilities should be evaluated. This study aims to generalize the learning outcomes that were produced by IPE in a global context and analyse the contributing factors...
April 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677455/the-effects-of-gender-and-relationship-context-cues-on-responsive-sexual-desire-in-exclusively-and-predominantly-androphilic-women-and-gynephilic-men
#2
Amanda D Timmers, Samantha J Dawson, Meredith L Chivers
Sexual desire may be "responsive," emerging from sexual arousal to sexually competent cues. Cues that elicit sexual arousal and desire differ, however, by gender and direction of sexual attractions. Further, relationship context cues are thought to be important for responsive desire, but this has not been tested directly. The current study examined gynephilic men's (n = 27) and exclusively (n = 23) and predominantly (n = 17) androphilic women's dyadic and solitary responsive sexual desire, as well as genital and self-reported arousal, to audio narratives varying by gender (male, female) of the sexual partner and relationship context (stranger, friend, long-term relationship)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672937/see-reflect-learn-more-qualitative-analysis-of-breaking-bad-news-reflective-narratives
#3
Orit Karnieli-Miller, Michal Palombo, Dafna Meitar
CONTEXT: Breaking bad news (BBN) is a challenge that requires multiple professional competencies. BBN teaching often includes didactic and group role-playing sessions. Both are useful and important, but exclude another critical component of students' learning: day-to-day role-model observation in the clinics. Given the importance of observation and the potential benefit of reflective writing in teaching, we have incorporated reflective writing into our BBN course. The aim of this study was to enhance our understanding of the learning potential in reflective writing about BBN encounters and the ability to identify components that inhibit this learning...
May 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665223/an-adaptive-semantic-matching-paradigm-for-reliable-and-valid-language-mapping-in-individuals-with-aphasia
#4
Stephen M Wilson, Melodie Yen, Dana K Eriksson
Research on neuroplasticity in recovery from aphasia depends on the ability to identify language areas of the brain in individuals with aphasia. However, tasks commonly used to engage language processing in people with aphasia, such as narrative comprehension and picture naming, are limited in terms of reliability (test-retest reproducibility) and validity (identification of language regions, and not other regions). On the other hand, paradigms such as semantic decision that are effective in identifying language regions in people without aphasia can be prohibitively challenging for people with aphasia...
April 17, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663276/interprofessional-educator-development-build-it-and-they-will-come
#5
Lily C Pien, Michaela Stiber, Allison Prelosky, Colleen Y Colbert
BACKGROUND: We describe an interprofessional educator development program, designed intentionally, that was implemented at an academic healthcare centre. In 2014, we purposefully adapted our pre-existing educator development program to be able to include all interprofessional educators at our institution. The program's goals were to enhance educator skills, a common need due to requirements of accreditation, and to create a local interprofessional community of teachers. The framework of the program was based upon adult learning principles, reflective practice, experiential learning and peer groups, all key characteristics of faculty development programs...
April 16, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658802/a-qualitative-analysis-of-narrative-preclerkship-assessment-data-to-evaluate-teamwork-skills
#6
Brigid M Dolan, Celia Laird O'Brien, Kenzie A Cameron, Marianne M Green
Construct: Students entering the health professions require competency in teamwork. BACKGROUND: Although many teamwork curricula and assessments exist, studies have not demonstrated robust longitudinal assessment of preclerkship students' teamwork skills and attitudes. Assessment portfolios may serve to fill this gap, but it is unknown how narrative comments within portfolios describe student teamwork behaviors. APPROACH: We performed a qualitative analysis of narrative data in 15 assessment portfolios...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648966/kindergarteners-narrative-competence-across-tasks-and-time
#7
Giuliana Pinto, Christian Tarchi, Beatrice Accorti Gamannossi
The authors investigated children's narrative competence by analyzing the development of the reciprocal relationship between storytelling and story retelling performances over a school year through a cross-lagged panel design. The participants in this study were 170 Italian kindergarten pupils (M age = 4.98 ± 0.31 years). Children were asked to produce oral narratives in two different tasks: a storytelling and a story retelling task. Narrative competence was assessed in terms of structure and coherence. The cross-lagged panel analyses showed that both storytelling and story retelling tasks are stable constructs, but they differ in the emphasis on coherence...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644056/lung-ultrasonography-in-end-stage-renal-disease-moving-from-evidence-to-practice-a-narrative-review
#8
Daniel W Ross, Mohammed M Abbasi, Kenar D Jhaveri, Mala Sachdeva, Ilene Miller, Richard Barnett, Mangala Narasimhan, Paul Mayo, Massini Merzkani, Anna T Mathew
Traditionally, point of care ultrasonography in nephrology has been used for renal biopsies and dialysis line placement. However, there is an emerging literature supporting the value of point of care lung ultrasonography in the assessment of volume status for dialysis patients. We conducted a review and identified 12 studies that examined the utility of lung ultrasonography in assessing volume status in patients with end-stage renal disease. We conclude that lung ultrasonography can be used to determine volume status in chronic dialysis patients by identifying lung congestion using the B-line score...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619932/mortality-and-morbidity-in-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-in-denmark
#9
Lars Folkestad
Ostegenesis imperfecta (OI) is a hereditary disease of the connective tissue caused by mutations to, mainly, the genes that are involved in the biosynthesis of collagen type 1. Patients are grouped according to clinical severity and mode of inheritance according to Sillence's classification (originally 1979, updated 2014). According to our data, the population prevalence of OI in Denmark was 10.3 per 100,000, with 575 patients registered with an OI diagnosis in the National Patient Register and alive at the end of 2012 out of a total population of 5,602,628 persons...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603320/stakeholder-views-of-rural-community-based-medical-education-a-narrative-review-of-the-international-literature
#10
Praphun Somporn, Julie Ash, Lucie Walters
CONTEXT: Rural community-based medical education (RCBME), in which medical student learning activities take place within a rural community, requires students, clinical teachers, patients, community members and representatives of health and government sectors to actively contribute to the educational process. Therefore, academics seeking to develop RCBME need to understand the rural context, and the views and needs of local stakeholders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine stakeholder experiences of RCBME programmes internationally...
March 30, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580576/the-global-epidemiology-of-diabetes-and-kidney-disease
#11
REVIEW
Digsu N Koye, Dianna J Magliano, Robert G Nelson, Meda E Pavkov
The prevalence of diabetes is increasing worldwide, with the greatest increases occurring in low- and middle-income countries. In most developed countries, type 2 diabetes is presently the leading cause of end-stage renal disease and also contributes substantially to cardiovascular disease. In countries with weaker economies type 2 diabetes is rapidly replacing communicable diseases as a leading cause of kidney disease and is increasingly competing for scarce health care resources. Here, we present a narrative review of the prevalence and incidence of diabetes-related kidney disease worldwide...
March 2018: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565626/the-multicultural-orientation-framework-a-narrative-review
#12
Don E Davis, Cirleen DeBlaere, Jesse Owen, Joshua N Hook, David P Rivera, Elise Choe, D R Van Tongeren, Everett L Worthington, Vanessa Placeres
After several decades of slow progress, researchers are beginning to make advances in linking constructs based on the multicultural competencies tradition-especially those focused on qualities of the therapist-to therapy outcomes. The multicultural orientation framework was developed in response to several trends within the multicultural competencies tradition, with a particular emphasis on integrating the multicultural competencies tradition into research on psychotherapy process. We provide a narrative review of studies that include one of the three constructs (i...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542370/role-of-primary-care-physicians-in-intrathecal-pain-management-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#13
Gladstone C McDowell, Joseph Winchell
OBJECTIVES: The majority of patients seeking medical care for chronic pain consult a primary care physician (PCP). Because systemic opioids are commonly prescribed to patients with chronic pain, PCPs are attempting to balance the competing priorities of providing adequate pain relief while reducing risks for opioid misuse and overdose. It is important for PCPs to be aware of pain management strategies other than systemic opioid dose escalation when patients with chronic pain fail to respond to conservative therapies and to initiate a multimodal treatment plan...
March 28, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514263/food-as-medicine-diet-diabetes-management-and-the-patient-in-twentieth-century-britain
#14
Martin D Moore
In classic accounts of the development of modern medicine in Europe and North America, the sick person is often portrayed as having a history of disappearance with the rise of the objectified body of the modern patient. To this account, sociologists and historians of medicine have added another for the period after 1950, in which the patient as subjective person "reappears" in medical discourse. However, despite histories of practice and identity revising narratives of disappearance, the patient's reappearance has largely escaped further assessment...
March 5, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512147/influences-on-care-preferences-of-older-people-with-advanced-illness-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#15
REVIEW
Simon N Etkind, Anna E Bone, Natasha Lovell, Irene J Higginson, Fliss E M Murtagh
OBJECTIVES: To determine and explore the influences on care preferences of older people with advanced illness and integrate our results into a model to guide practice and research. DESIGN: Systematic review using Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, Web of Science, and OpenGrey databases from inception to February 2017 and reference and citation list searching. Included articles investigated influences on care preference using qualitative or quantitative methodology. Thematic synthesis of qualitative articles and narrative synthesis of quantitative articles were undertaken...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503591/surgical-simulation-training-in-orthopedics-current-insights
#16
REVIEW
Portia Kalun, Natalie Wagner, James Yan, Markku T Nousiainen, Ranil R Sonnadara
Background: While the knowledge required of residents training in orthopedic surgery continues to increase, various factors, including reductions in work hours, have resulted in decreased clinical learning opportunities. Recent work suggests residents graduate from their training programs without sufficient exposure to key procedures. In response, simulation is increasingly being incorporated into training programs to supplement clinical learning. This paper reviews the literature to explore whether skills learned in simulation-based settings results in improved clinical performance in orthopedic surgery trainees...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499667/what-factors-impact-on-the-implementation-of-clubfoot-treatment-services-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-narrative-synthesis-of-existing-qualitative-studies
#17
Sarah Drew, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Christopher Lavy
BACKGROUND: Around 100,000 children are born annually with clubfoot worldwide and 80% live in low and middle-income counties (LMICs). Clubfoot is a condition in which children are born with one or both feet twisted inwards and if untreated it can limit participation in everyday life. Clubfoot can be corrected through staged manipulation of the limbs using the Ponseti method. Despite its efficacy and apparent availability, previous research has identified a number of challenges to service implementation...
March 2, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499580/-body-schema-multisensory-integration-and-developmental-disorders
#18
Annika Reinersmann, Thomas Lücke
Our body is both, the object experiencing the world and the subject of our self- experience. As an object, the body provides sensory information via the bodily surface, which is processed and integrated into a coherent representation of the body, the body schema. This representation is considered to form a crucial structure underlying bodily self-identification. The process of integrating multimodal information into a coherent body representation has received extensive research interest with the aim to further clarify its neuronal correlates and functioning in health and disease...
March 2, 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495086/effect-of-multi-component-interventions-on-competence-of-family-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Jie Ying, Yonghong Wang, Meiling Zhang, Shouqi Wang, Ying Shi, Huanhuan Li, Yuan Li, Zhuangjie Xing, Jiao Sun
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This review aims to summarize and evaluate multi-component interventions focused on improving the competence of family members of people with dementia (PwD) who undertake the caregiving tasks. BACKGROUND: Caregiver competence is essential for family members of PwD acting as caregivers. Competence affects the physical and mental health of both PwD and caregivers. Many kinds of multi-component interventions are used to improve caregiver competence...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494448/advocacy-perspectives-of-future-nurse-administrators
#20
Mary OʼConnor
Advocacy is a core competency of the nurse, and especially the nurse leader. It is a multidimensional concept that requires knowledge, experience, self-confidence, and above all, courage. This article describes and illustrates the perspectives of nursing administration graduate students, as they depict advocacy in many relationships. These include advocacy for the patient, family, self, community, organization, profession, and society. The themes that emerged from narratives written by these nurse leaders were the development of courage and the finding of their voices...
April 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
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