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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821181/conservation-genetics-of-the-cheetah-lessons-learned-and-new-opportunities
#1
Stephen J O'Brien, Warren E Johnson, Carlos A Driscoll, Pavel Dobrynin, Laurie Marker
The dwindling wildlife species of our planet have become a cause célèbre for conservation groups, governments, and concerned citizens throughout the world. The application of powerful new genetic technologies to surviving populations of threatened mammals has revolutionized our ability to recognize hidden perils that afflict them. We have learned new lessons of survival, adaptation, and evolution from viewing the natural history of genomes in hundreds of detailed studies. A single case history of one species, the African cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus, is here reviewed to reveal a long-term story of conservation challenges and action informed by genetic discoveries and insights...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820641/identifying-communication-barriers-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-adherence-among-appalachian-kentuckians
#2
Audrey Smith Bachman, Elisia L Cohen, Tom Collins, Jennifer Hatcher, Richard Crosby, Robin C Vanderpool
Utilizing data from 40 in-depth interviews, this article identifies both barriers and facilitators to colorectal screening guideline adherence among Appalachian Kentucky adults recruited through a community-based research network. Key findings identify (a) varying levels of knowledge about screening guidelines, (b) reticence to engage in screening processes, and (c) nuanced communication with healthcare providers and family members regarding screening adherence. What participants knew about the screening process was often derived from personal stories or recalled stories from family members about their screening experiences...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820632/media-presentation-of-breastfeeding-beliefs-in-newspapers
#3
Rose Hitt, Jie Zhuang, Jennifer Anderson
Despite numerous health benefits for babies and mothers, many women do not either initiate or continue breastfeeding for the recommended duration, and increasing breastfeeding is a national priority. It is important to understand media messages on the topic, given that breastfeeding is influenced by many environmental factors and that perceived norms, social support, and perceptions of difficulties predict breastfeeding. The current study analyzes how media covers (1) breastfeeding in general, (2) public breastfeeding, and (3) extended breastfeeding (past 1 year)...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820070/muc1-story-great-expectations-disappointments-and-the-renaissance
#4
Mikhail A Rubtsov, Marina S Syrkina, Yegor S Vassetzky
In the course of studying human mucin MUC1, an attitude towards this molecule has been changing time and again. Initially, the list of presumable functions of MUC1 was restricted to protecting and lubricating epithelium. To date, it is assumed to play an important role in cell signaling as well as in all stages of oncogenesis, from malignant cell transformation to tumor dissemination. The story of MUC1 is full of hopes and disappointments. However, the scientific interest to MUC1 has never waned, and the more profoundly it has been investigated, the clearer its hidden potential turned to be disclosed...
August 17, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819206/network-robustness-assessed-within-a-dual-connectivity-framework-joint-dynamics-of-the-active-and-idle-networks
#5
Alejandro Tejedor, Anthony Longjas, Ilya Zaliapin, Samuel Ambroj, Efi Foufoula-Georgiou
Network robustness against attacks has been widely studied in fields as diverse as the Internet, power grids and human societies. But current definition of robustness is only accounting for half of the story: the connectivity of the nodes unaffected by the attack. Here we propose a new framework to assess network robustness, wherein the connectivity of the affected nodes is also taken into consideration, acknowledging that it plays a crucial role in properly evaluating the overall network robustness in terms of its future recovery from the attack...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818118/effects-of-age-and-stimulus-material-on-character-introductions-of-swedish-speaking-four-to-six-year-olds
#6
Josefin Lindgren
This study investigates effects of age on character introductions in the oral narratives of seventy-two monolingual Swedish-speaking four- to six-year-olds, comparing results from the Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN; Gagarina et al., 2012, 2015), and the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI; Schneider et al., 2005). The proportion of appropriate referring expressions for introducing story characters clearly increases from age four to six. However, the children's performance is strongly stimulus-dependent...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817946/subjective-meanings-and-identification-with-middle-age
#7
Pnina Dolberg, Liat Ayalon
The "middle-age" life period has not been researched extensively and lacks a theoretical conceptualization. The present study explores subjective experiences of members of this age-group. This is a qualitative research, based on in-depth interviews and thematic analysis, which looks into the life stories of 25 Israeli residents aged 48-64 years. The results indicate that the definition of middle age is not clear-cut, and some participants regard their age negatively. Yet, participants report that this period is characterized by a relief of tasks, broader choice opportunity, a sense of liberation, peace of mind, experience, self-awareness, and self-acceptance...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817430/beyond-citation-rates-a-real-time-impact-analysis-of-health-professions-education-research-using-altmetrics
#8
Lauren A Maggio, Holly S Meyer, Anthony R Artino
PURPOSE: To complement traditional citation-based metrics, which take years to accrue and indicate only academic attention, academia has begun considering altmetrics or alternative metrics, which provide timely feedback on an article's impact by tracking its dissemination via nontraditional outlets, such as blogs and social media, across audiences. This article describes altmetrics and examines altmetrics attention, outlets used, and top article characteristics for health professions education (HPE) research...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817359/developing-the-storyline-for-an-advance-care-planning-video-for-surgery-patients-patient-centered-outcomes-research-engagement-from-stakeholder-summit-to-state-fair
#9
Rebecca A Aslakson, Anne L R Schuster, Thomas J Lynch, Matthew J Weiss, Lydia Gregg, Judith Miller, Sarina R Isenberg, Norah L Crossnohere, Alison M Conca-Cheng, Angelo E Volandes, Thomas J Smith, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) methods and social learning theory (SLT) require intensive interaction between researchers and stakeholders. Advance care planning (ACP) is valuable before major surgery, but a systematic review found no extant perioperative ACP tools. Consequently, PCOR methods and SLT can inform the development of an ACP educational video for patients and families preparing for major surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to develop and test acceptability of an ACP video storyline...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816566/five-year-motor-functional-outcome-in-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-yet-to-the-end-of-the-story
#10
Elena Beretta, Erika Molteni, Sara Galbiati, Giuseppe Stefanoni, Sandra Strazzer
PURPOSE: The description of motor changes and clinical evolution of a pediatric cohort with acquired brain injury (ABI) over 5 years by the functional independence measure for children (WeeFIM). METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from 496 patients (aged 0-18 years) with severe ABI admitted for rehabilitation. WeeFIM scores and disability rating scale (reference scale) were collected at admission, discharge and yearly, up to year 5. RESULTS: Functional limitations gradually reduced after ABI, but children still had residual disabilities at the endpoint...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816469/evaluating-suggestibility-to-additive-and-contradictory-misinformation-following-explicit-error-detection-in-younger-and-older-adults
#11
Mark J Huff, Sharda Umanath
In 2 experiments, we assessed age-related suggestibility to additive and contradictory misinformation (i.e., remembering of false details from an external source). After reading a fictional story, participants answered questions containing misleading details that were either additive (misleading details that supplemented an original event) or contradictory (errors that changed original details). On a final test, suggestibility was greater for additive than contradictory misinformation, and older adults endorsed fewer false contradictory details than younger adults...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815814/supporting-end-of-life-decision-making-case-studies-of-relational-closeness-in-supported-decision-making-for-people-with-severe-or-profound-intellectual-disability
#12
Joanne Watson, Erin Wilson, Nick Hagiliassis
BACKGROUND: The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) promotes the use of supported decision making in lieu of substitute decision making. To date, there has been a lack of focus on supported decision making for people with severe or profound intellectual disability, including for end of life decisions. METHODS: Five people with severe or profound intellectual disability's experiences of supported decision making were examined...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815488/exploring-vaccine-hesitancy-through-an-artist-scientist-collaboration-visualizing-vaccine-critical-parents-health-beliefs
#13
Kaisu Koski, Johan Holst
This project explores vaccine hesitancy through an artist-scientist collaboration. It aims to create better understanding of vaccine hesitant parents' health beliefs and how these influence their vaccine-critical decisions. The project interviews vaccine-hesitant parents in the Netherlands and Finland and develops experimental visual-narrative means to analyse the interview data. Vaccine-hesitant parents' health beliefs are, in this study, expressed through stories, and they are paralleled with so-called illness narratives...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815315/emerging-gene-therapies-for-genetic-hearing-loss
#14
REVIEW
Hena Ahmed, Olga Shubina-Oleinik, Jeffrey R Holt
Gene therapy, or the treatment of human disease using genetic material, for inner ear dysfunction is coming of age. Recent progress in developing gene therapy treatments for genetic hearing loss has demonstrated tantalizing proof-of-principle in animal models. While successful translation of this progress into treatments for humans awaits, there is growing interest from patients, scientists, clinicians, and industry. Nonetheless, it is clear that a number of hurdles remain, and expectations for total restoration of auditory function should remain tempered until these challenges have been overcome...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813886/exploratory-design-of-a-compliant-mechanism-for-a-dynamic-hand-orthosis-lessons-learned
#15
Ronald A Bos, Dick H Plettenburg, Just L Herder
This study does not describe a success-story. Instead, it describes an exploratory process and the lessons learned while designing a compliant mechanism for a dynamic hand orthosis. Tools from engineering optimization and rapid prototyping techniques were used, with the goal to design a mechanism to compensate for hypertonic or contracted finger muscles. Results show that the mechanism did not reach its design constraints, mostly because it could not provide for the necessary stiffness and compliance at the same time...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812824/the-life-story-experience-of-migrant-dentists-in-australia-potential-implications-for-health-workforce-governance-and-international-cooperation
#16
Madhan Balasubramanian, A John Spencer, Stephanie D Short, Keith Watkins, Sergio Chrisopoulos, David S Brennan
BACKGROUND: The migration of dentists is a major policy challenge facing both developing and developed countries. Dentists from over 120 countries migrate to Australia, and a large proportion are from developing countries. The aim of the study was to assess the life story experience (LSE) of migrant dentists in Australia, in order to address key policy challenges facing dentist migration. METHODS: A national survey of all migrant dentists resident in Australia was conducted in 2013...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812519/department-of-health-s-public-utterances-reek-of-complacency
#17
(no author information available yet)
Read a news story about a problem afflicting the NHS and invariably there is a quote attributed to a spokesperson from the Department of Health (DH).
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812499/story-in-numbers
#18
(no author information available yet)
Maternity ward closures in England.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811367/amplification-of-local-changes-along-the-timescale-processing-hierarchy
#19
Yaara Yeshurun, Mai Nguyen, Uri Hasson
Small changes in word choice can lead to dramatically different interpretations of narratives. How does the brain accumulate and integrate such local changes to construct unique neural representations for different stories? In this study, we created two distinct narratives by changing only a few words in each sentence (e.g., "he" to "she" or "sobbing" to "laughing") while preserving the grammatical structure across stories. We then measured changes in neural responses between the two stories. We found that differences in neural responses between the two stories gradually increased along the hierarchy of processing timescales...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810944/a-mixed-method-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-how-sex-and-severity-impact-perpetrator-prior-involvement-abnormality-and-responsibility
#20
Matthew Savage, Jennifer Scarduzio, Kate Lockwood Harris, Kellie Carlyle
This study employed a mixed method approach to examine the effects of participant sex, perpetrator sex, and severity ofviolence on perceptions of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators. Quantitative participants (n = 449) completed a survey and qualitative participants (n = 31) participated in a focus group or an interview. Participants believed that it was more likely male perpetrators had prior involvement in IPV. Participants rated stories of female perpetrators as more abnormal than stories of male perpetrators...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
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