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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650230/get-real-evaluation-of-a-community-level-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-young-msm-who-engage-in-episodic-substance-use
#1
Jennifer Lauby, Lin Zhu, Mary Milnamow, Heather Batson, Lisa Bond, William Curran-Groome, Lee Carson
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) have high rates of recreational drug use and binge drinking that are related to increases in unprotected sex and HIV risk. We describe the development of a community-level intervention focused on MSM ages 15 to 29 who identify as Black or White and who reported episodic use of alcohol and/or drugs. Intervention content included culturally-relevant role model stories and peer outreach. Outcome measures, including number of partners and a risk score indicating risk for HIV from protected or unprotected insertive or receptive anal sex, were examined over 36 months in a sample of YMSM in Philadelphia, the intervention site, and Baltimore, the comparison site...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650144/what-are-missing-parts-in-the-research-story-of-trimethylamine-n-oxide-tmao
#2
Zouyan He, Zhen-Yu Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649891/new-targeted-therapies-for-relapsed-pediatric-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#3
Joanna Pierro, Laura E Hogan, Teena Bhatla, William L Carroll
The improvement in outcomes for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the greatest success stories of modern oncology however the prognosis for patients who relapse remains dismal. Recent discoveries by high resolution genomic technologies have characterized the biology of relapsed leukemia, most notably pathways leading to the drug resistant phenotype. These observations open the possibility of targeting such pathways to prevent and/or treat relapse. Likewise, early experiences with new immunotherapeutic approaches have shown great promise...
June 25, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649169/form-overrides-meaning-when-bilinguals-monitor-for-errors
#4
Iva Ivanova, Victor S Ferreira, Tamar H Gollan
Bilinguals rarely produce unintended language switches, which may in part be because switches are detected and corrected by an internal monitor. But are language switches easier or harder to detect than within-language semantic errors? To approximate internal monitoring, bilinguals listened (Experiment 1) or read aloud (Experiment 2) stories, and detected language switches (translation equivalents or semantically unrelated to expected words) and within-language errors (semantically related or unrelated to expected words)...
June 2017: Journal of Memory and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648244/the-tales-athletes-tell-narrative-structure-and-identity-in-great-british-medalists
#5
Tristan J Coulter, Clifford J Mallett, Jefferson A Singer
Using a life story approach, Hardy and colleagues present a study examining the similarities and differences in the psychosocial development of UK-based elite and super-elite athletes. We found this work to be a highly personal account into the lives of these cohorts, which advances knowledge concerning the psychology and influencing events and circumstances that separate the good from the great performers. We make some suggestions for how to enrich the study's findings and approach, by (1) adopting McAdams' multilayer framework of personality, as an overarching structure for assessing the whole person, and (2) encouraging the authors to explore the narrative structure of the presented life stories and go beyond simply an interpretation of their content...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648092/collaborative-and-indigenous-mental-health-therapy-tataihono-stories-of-maori-healing-psychiatry
#6
Wiremu NiaNia, Allister Bush, David Epston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647031/cover-story-towards-a-preventive-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease-with-multi-functional-liposomes
#7
EDITORIAL
Kinam Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645145/systematic-procedures-to-promote-u-s-hiv-medication-adherence-via-photovoice
#8
Michelle Teti, Victoria Shaffer, Wilson Majee, Rose Farnan, Mary Gerkovich
Medication adherence is essential to promote the health of people living with HIV (PL-HIV) and prevent HIV transmission in the U.S. Novel medication health promotion interventions are needed that address patient-centeredness, understandability, and communication with providers. The aims of this article are to define the systematic stages we used to develop an effective health promotion intervention via the products (e.g. images and stories) of Photovoice. We designed an intervention to improve HIV adherence knowledge, attitudes, and communication with providers through Photovoice...
June 21, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644680/exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-social-cognition-and-object-relations-global-rating-method-support-for-two-and-three-factor-models
#9
Caleb J Siefert, Michelle Stein, Jenelle Slavin-Mulford, Greg Haggerty, Samuel J Sinclair, Danielle Funke, Mark A Blais
The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scales-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) contains 8 scales for coding narrative content. This study explores the factor structure of this measure using college (n = 171), outpatient (n = 239), and inpatient (n = 78) samples. Participants told stories to the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT; Murray, 1943) cards. Stories were transcribed and coded by blind raters using the SCORS-G. Cases were randomly assigned to an exploratory or validation group. Exploratory factor analysis with the exploratory group suggested 2- and 3-factor models...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643793/genomic-rearrangements-in-sporadic-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-an-evolving-genetic-story
#10
Stephen J Murphy, Simone B Terra, Faye R Harris, Aqsa Nasir, Jesse S Voss, James B Smadbeck, Sarah H Johnson, Vishnu Serla, Jay H Ryu, Eunhee S Yi, Benjamin R Kipp, George Vasmatzis, Eva M Carmona
Sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a progressive pulmonary cystic disease resulting from the infiltration of smooth muscle-like lymphangioleiomyomatosis cells into the lung. The migratory/metastasizing properties of the lymphangioleiomyomatosis cell together with the presence of somatic mutations, primarily in the tuberous sclerosis complex gene (TSC2), lead many to consider this a low-grade malignancy. As malignant tumors characteristically accumulate somatic structural variations, which have not been well studied in sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis, we utilized mate pair sequencing to define structural variations within laser capture microdissected enriched lymphangioleiomyomatosis cell populations from five sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis patients...
June 23, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643110/refugee-children-s-sandplay-narratives-in-immigration-detention-in-canada
#11
Rachel Kronick, C├ęcile Rousseau, Janet Cleveland
Asylum seeking children arriving in Canada regularly face incarceration in medium-security-style immigration detention centres. Research demonstrates the human cost of detaining migrant children and families and the psychiatric burden linked with such imprisonment. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of children aged 3-13 held in detention. Informed by a qualitative methodology of narrative inquiry, child participants created worlds in the sand and generated stories to express their subjective experience...
June 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642295/drug-price-disparities-and-other-stories
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641992/filling-in-memory-gaps-through-emotional-communication-promising-pathways-in-caring-for-persons-with-dementia
#13
Sandra van Dulmen, Lies Smits, Hilde Eide
OBJECTIVE: To explore in what way emotional communication can enhance the memory of people with (different types of) dementia. METHODS: Relevant studies published after 2000 were searched using the terms: dementia, positive, words, communication, recall, and memory. Papers were included that reported results of studies with people with dementia that investigated memory effects of communication with either an emotionally valent content or context. RESULTS: Twelve papers grouped under four prevailing themes (pictures, facial emotions, stories and words) are described...
June 15, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639528/challenges-in-accessing-and-interviewing-participants-with-severe-mental-illness
#14
Daniel Newman, Pauline O'Reilly, Siew Hwa Lee, Catriona Kennedy
Background Interviews are widely used in qualitative research to collect data. However, little has been written about interviewing people with severe mental illness (SMI). Aim To report and analyse an experience of addressing the ethical and practical challenges of interviewing people with SMI. Discussion Semi-structured interviews were conducted as part of a doctoral study to explore how service users and healthcare professionals built relationships with each other. Conclusion Although interviewing participants with SMI was challenging, rich data illustrating their experiences were gathered...
June 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638330/flat-vs-expressive-storytelling-young-children-s-learning-and-retention-of-a-social-robot-s-narrative
#15
Jacqueline M Kory Westlund, Sooyeon Jeong, Hae W Park, Samuel Ronfard, Aradhana Adhikari, Paul L Harris, David DeSteno, Cynthia L Breazeal
Prior research with preschool children has established that dialogic or active book reading is an effective method for expanding young children's vocabulary. In this exploratory study, we asked whether similar benefits are observed when a robot engages in dialogic reading with preschoolers. Given the established effectiveness of active reading, we also asked whether this effectiveness was critically dependent on the expressive characteristics of the robot. For approximately half the children, the robot's active reading was expressive; the robot's voice included a wide range of intonation and emotion (Expressive)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638038/-a-current-view-on-the-history-of-atypical-antipsychotics
#16
D S Danilov
Based on the analysis of the original literature, the author for the first time systemizes the data on the story of atypical antipsychotic drugs. The history of introduction of the first atypical neuroleptics - clozapine and sulpiride, which launched the dichotomic development of psychopharmacology of atypical antipsychotics, is described. Historical facts on the introduction into practice of different sulpiride- and clozapine-like neuroleptics as well as the relationship of their history with the elaboration of dopamine and serotonin hypotheses of mechanisms of action of antipsychotics are presented...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637913/predicting-green-really-radical-plant-predictive-processing
#17
Paco Calvo, Karl Friston
In this article we account for the way plants respond to salient features of their environment under the free-energy principle for biological systems. Biological self-organization amounts to the minimization of surprise over time. We posit that any self-organizing system must embody a generative model whose predictions ensure that (expected) free energy is minimized through action. Plants respond in a fast, and yet coordinated manner, to environmental contingencies. They pro-actively sample their local environment to elicit information with an adaptive value...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637149/personal-meaning-in-relation-to-daily-functioning-of-a-patient-in-physical-therapy-practice-narratives-of-a-patient-a-family-member-and-physical-therapist
#18
Ellen Oosting, Jaap Dronkers, Thomas Hoogeboom, Nico van Meeteren, Willem Marie Speelman
PURPOSE: To get insight into personal meaning of a person involved in a physical therapy intervention. METHODS: Mrs. A, a 76-year-old woman is referred to a physical therapist (PT) for assessment of functioning and training before total hip arthroplasty (THA). The patient, her daughter, and PT were asked to write a story about their daily life. Stories were analyzed according to the narrative scheme based on a method to find meaning in daily life, which consists of four phases: 1...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635462/story-in-numbers
#19
(no author information available yet)
How the introduction of a smoke-free policy affected levels of patient violence at a London trust.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635383/rendering-lgbtq-visible-in-nursing-embodying-the-philosophy-of-caring-science
#20
Lisa Goldberg, Neal Rosenburg, Jean Watson
Although health care institutions continue to address the importance of diversity initiatives, the standard(s) for treatment remain historically and institutionally grounded in a sociocultural privileging of heterosexuality. As a result, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) communities in health care remain largely invisible. This marked invisibility serves as a call to action, a renaissance of thinking within redefined boundaries and limitations. We must therefore refocus our habits of attention on the wholeness of persons and the diversity of their storied experiences as embodied through contemporary society...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
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