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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#1
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109526/the-threshold-vs-lnt-showdown-dose-rate-findings-exposed-flaws-in-the-lnt-model-part-1-the-russell-muller-debate
#2
REVIEW
Edward J Calabrese
This paper assesses the discovery of the dose-rate effect in radiation genetics and how it challenged fundamental tenets of the linear non-threshold (LNT) dose response model, including the assumptions that all mutational damage is cumulative and irreversible and that the dose-response is linear at low doses. Newly uncovered historical information also describes how a key 1964 report by the International Commission for Radiological Protection (ICRP) addressed the effects of dose rate in the assessment of genetic risk...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109412/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-a-personal-story-on-health-and-nutrition-education
#3
EDITORIAL
Robin D Everson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109313/can-an-educational-podcast-improve-the-ability-of-parents-of-primary-school-children-to-assess-the-reliability-of-claims-made-about-the-benefits-and-harms-of-treatments-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Daniel Semakula, Allen Nsangi, Matt Oxman, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Sarah Rosenbaum, Margaret Kaseje, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Atle Fretheim, Iain Chalmers, Andrew D Oxman, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Claims made about the effects of treatments are very common in the media and in the population more generally. The ability of individuals to understand and assess such claims can affect their decisions and health outcomes. Many people in both low- and high-income countries have inadequate aptitude to assess information about the effects of treatments. As part of the Informed Healthcare Choices project, we have prepared a series of podcast episodes to help improve people's ability to assess claims made about treatment effects...
January 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107770/different-parts-different-stories-climate-sensitivity-of-growth-is-stronger-in-root-collars-versus-stems-in-tundra-shrubs
#5
Pascale Ropars, Sandra Angers-Blondin, Marianne Gagnon, Isla H Myers-Smith, Esther Lévesque, Stéphane Boudreau
Shrub densification has been widely reported across the circumpolar arctic and subarctic biomes in recent years. Long-term analyses based on dendrochronological techniques applied to shrubs have linked this phenomenon to climate change. However, the multi-stemmed structure of shrubs makes them difficult to sample and therefore leads to non-uniform sampling protocols among shrub ecologists, who will favor either root collars or stems to conduct dendrochronological analyses. Through a comparative study of the use of root collars and stems of Betula glandulosa, a common North American shrub species, we evaluated the relative sensitivity of each plant part to climate variables, and assessed if this sensitivity is consistent across three different types of environments in northwestern Québec, Canada (terrace, hilltop and snowbed)...
January 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107651/one-ring-to-fight-them-all-the-sulfazecin-story
#6
Daniel Braga, Gerald Lackner
In this issue of Cell Chemical Biology, Li et al. (2017) report on the biosynthesis of the monobactam sulfazecin by Pseudomonas acidophila and hypothesize a novel mechanism of β-lactam ring formation. As monobactam antibiotics are unaffected by some emerging resistance mechanisms (particularly metallo-β-lactamases), this discovery opens prospects to engineer β-lactam antibiotics against multi-drug resistant pathogens.
January 19, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107161/art-therapy-exhibitions-exploitation-or-advocacy
#7
Terri Davis
Promoting awareness of human trafficking by sharing trauma survivors' art and summaries of their life stories suggests ethical complexities that have been typically neglected by bioethicists. Although these survivors voluntarily share the objects they created during art therapy sessions, they are still at risk of harm, including further exploitation, due to their vulnerability, high rates of victim sensitivity, and the mental health consequences of their traumatic experiences. While some argue that the benefits of sublimation and art therapy for human trafficking survivors make sharing their art worth the risk, anti-trafficking organizations and supporters of such art exhibitions have responsibilities to be trauma informed...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106908/the-aspirin-story-from-willow-to-wonder-drug
#8
REVIEW
Michael J R Desborough, David M Keeling
The story of the discovery of aspirin stretches back more than 3500 years to when bark from the willow tree was used as a pain reliever and antipyretic. It involves an Oxfordshire clergyman, scientists at a German dye manufacturer, a Nobel Prize-winning discovery and a series of pivotal clinical trials. Aspirin is now the most commonly used drug in the world. Its role in preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease has been revolutionary and one of the biggest pharmaceutical success stories of the last century...
January 20, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105404/the-success-story-continues-%C3%A2
#9
EDITORIAL
Ulf Scheffler, Kirsten Severing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104770/decline-in-cardiovascular-mortality-possible-causes-and-implications
#10
REVIEW
George A Mensah, Gina S Wei, Paul D Sorlie, Lawrence J Fine, Yves Rosenberg, Peter G Kaufmann, Michael E Mussolino, Lucy L Hsu, Ebyan Addou, Michael M Engelgau, David Gordon
If the control of infectious diseases was the public health success story of the first half of the 20th century, then the decline in mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke has been the success story of the century's past 4 decades. The early phase of this decline in coronary heart disease and stroke was unexpected and controversial when first reported in the mid-1970s, having followed 60 years of gradual increase as the US population aged. However, in 1978, the participants in a conference convened by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute concluded that a significant recent downtick in coronary heart disease and stroke mortality rates had definitely occurred, at least in the US Since 1978, a sharp decline in mortality rates from coronary heart disease and stroke has become unmistakable throughout the industrialized world, with age-adjusted mortality rates having declined to about one third of their 1960s baseline by 2000...
January 20, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104606/mixed-findings-on-oncology-drugs-and-other-stories
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104001/-the-image-of-the-ancient-indian-pharmacists-in-the-chinese-buddhist-scriptures
#12
D W Wang, Y X Gao
In the Chinese Buddhist Scriptures, there are many stories or topics about the ancient Indian pharmacist, however, they are not the Medicine Buddha as people knows, but real doctors. In the Chinese Buddhist Scriptures, the doctors gave the medical service to the monks and the laymen. Some of them are respected as the "miracle doctor" or the "king of doctor" , influencing the medicine of ancient East Asian.
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103854/making-theory-explicit-an-analysis-of-how-medical-education-research-ers-describe-how-they-connect-to-theory
#13
Klara Bolander Laksov, Tim Dornan, Pim W Teunissen
BACKGROUND: As medical education develops into a varied and well-developed field of research, the issue of quality research anchored in or generating theory has gained increasing importance. Medical education researchers have been criticized of not connecting their work to relevant theory. This paper set out to analyse how researchers can connect to theory in medical education. The goal of this paper is to provide an accessible framework for those entering medical education research, regarding how theory may become an integral part of one's work...
January 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103825/factors-behind-the-success-story-of-under-five-stunting-in-peru-a-district-ecological-multilevel-analysis
#14
Luis Huicho, Carlos A Huayanay-Espinoza, Eder Herrera-Perez, Eddy R Segura, Jessica Niño de Guzman, María Rivera-Ch, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Stunting prevalence in children less than 5 years has remained stagnated in Peru from 1992 to 2007, with a rapid reduction thereafter. We aimed to assess the role of different predictors on stunting reduction over time and across departments, from 2000 to 2012. METHODS: We used various secondary data sources to describe time trends of stunting and of possible predictors that included distal to proximal determinants. We determined a ranking of departments by annual change of stunting and of different predictors...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103138/discovery-of-a-novel-splice-variant-of-fcar-cd89-unravels-sequence-segments-necessary-for-efficient-secretion-a-story-of-bad-signal-peptides-and-good-ones-that-nevertheless-do-not-make-it
#15
Wai-Heng Lua, Wei-Li Ling, Chinh Tran-To Su, Joshua Yi Yeo, Chandra Shekhar Verma, Birgit Eisenhaber, Frank Eisenhaber, Samuel Ken-En Gan
The IgA receptor, Fcar (CD89) consists of five sequence segments: two segments (S1, S2) forming the potential signal peptide, two extracellular EC domains that include the IgA binding site, and the transmembrane and cytoplasmic tail (TM/C) region. Numerous Fcar splice variants have been reported with various combinations of the sequence segments mentioned above. Here, we report a novel splice variant termed variant APD isolated from a healthy volunteer that lacks only the IgA-binding EC1 domain. Despite possessing the complete signal peptide S1+S2, the variant APD is only found in the intracellular space whereas the wild-type variant 1 is efficiently secreted and variant 4 leaks to the extracellular space...
January 19, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103015/antimicrobial-activity-ame-resistance-and-translation-inhibition-studies-of-anthraquinone-neomycin-conjugates
#16
Natalya N Degtyareva, Changjun Gong, Sandra Story, Nathanael Levinson, Adegboyega K Oyelere, Keith D Green, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova, Dev Priya Arya
The antibacterial effects of aminoglycosides are based on their association with the A-site of bacterial ribosomal RNA and interference with the translational process in the bacterial cell, causing cell death. The clinical use of aminoglycosides is complicated by resistance and side effects, some of which arise from their interactions with the human mitochondrial 12S rRNA and its deafness-associated mutations, C1494U and A1555G. We report a rapid assay that allows screening of aminoglycoside compounds to these classes of rRNAs...
January 19, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102789/implications-for-research-and-practice-of-the-biographic-approach-for-storytelling
#17
Beverley Ewens, Joyce Hendricks, Deb Sundin
Background Intensive care unit survivors face many physical and psychological difficulties during their recovery following discharge from hospital. These difficulties can significantly affect their quality of life. Healthcare providers and survivors' families often do not understand what recovery means in this population, which may affect the support provided. Aim To consider the potential of the biographical method in helping to create stories that illustrate recovery in intensive care survivors and other populations...
January 23, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102788/applying-heuristic-inquiry-to-nurse-migration-from-the-uk-to-australia
#18
Caroline Vafeas, Joyce Hendricks
Background Heuristic inquiry is a research approach that improves understanding of the essence of an experience. This qualitative method relies on researchers' ability to discover and interpret their own experience while exploring those of others. Aim To present a discussion of heuristic inquiry's methodology and its application to the experience of nurse migration. Discussion The researcher's commitment to the research is central to heuristic inquiry. It is immersive, reflective, reiterative and a personally-affecting method of gathering knowledge...
January 23, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099672/if-you-give-a-nurse-a-cookie-sharing-teaching-strategies-for-nurse-educator-development
#19
Nancy P Wingo
Nurse educators often do not have time or a space to discuss ideas about effective teaching. To address this issue, an instructor at one school of nursing initiated Cookie Swap, a bimonthly, school-wide e-mail featuring stories about teaching strategies and tools used in face-to-face, online, and clinical courses. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2017;48(1):12-13.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099068/same-story-different-story
#20
Yaara Yeshurun, Stephen Swanson, Erez Simony, Janice Chen, Christina Lazaridi, Christopher J Honey, Uri Hasson
Differences in people's beliefs can substantially impact their interpretation of a series of events. In this functional MRI study, we manipulated subjects' beliefs, leading two groups of subjects to interpret the same narrative in different ways. We found that responses in higher-order brain areas-including the default-mode network, language areas, and subsets of the mirror neuron system-tended to be similar among people who shared the same interpretation, but different from those of people with an opposing interpretation...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Science
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